George Washington Birthplace National Monument Park

Rank: 205

Park Description

In the heart of the Northern Neck of Virginia stands a tribute to America's founding father, George Washington. Although only here a short time, the ideas that Washington learned here, helped shape the man he would become and forever alter the destiny of the United States of America.

Park Address

Superintendent 1732 Popes Creek Road

Washington's Birthplace, VA, 22443

George Washington Birthplace National Monument Park Activites






Species in George Washington Birthplace National Monument Park by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in George Washington Birthplace National Monument Park. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Beaver, Beaver, Canadian Beaver Castor canadensis Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
common gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus Present Native Unknown
Common Muskrat, Muskrat, Musquash, Water Rat Ondatra zibethicus Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Present Native Unknown
eastern gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis Present Native Common
eastern mole Scalopus aquaticus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
house mouse Mus musculus Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mink Mustela vison Probably Present Native - -
meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus Present Native Unknown
marsh rice rat Oryzomys palustris Present Unknown Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Norway rat Rattus norvegicus Probably Present Non-native - -
northern short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Otter, River Otter Lutra canadensis Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red fox Vulpes vulpes Present Native Unknown
raccoon Procyon lotor Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis Present Native Unknown
silver-haired bat Lasionycteris noctivagans Probably Present Native - -
southern flying squirrel Glaucomys volans Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Present Native Common
woodland vole Microtus pinetorum Probably Present Native - -
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Present Native Common
woodchuck Marmota monax Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Pintail, Northern Pintail, Pintail Anas acuta Present Native Occasional
American Wigeon, Baldpate Anas americana Present Native Rare
American Black Duck, Black Duck, Common Black Duck, Red-legged Black Duck Anas rubripes Present Native Uncommon
American Golden-eye, Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula Present Native Uncommon
American Common Scoter, American Scoter, Black Scoter, Butter-bill, Common Scoter Melanitta nigra Unconfirmed Native - -
American Merganser, Common Merganser Mergus merganser Present Native Uncommon
American Herring Gull, Herring Gull Larus argentatus Present Native Rare
american kestrel Falco sparverius Present Native Uncommon
American Coot, Northern American Coot Fulica americana Present Native Rare
american crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Present Native Abundant
american goldfinch Carduelis tristis Present Native Common
American Blackbirds Euphagus - - - - - -
American Pipit, American Water Pipit, Water Pipit Anthus rubescens Present Native Common
american redstart Setophaga ruticilla Present Native Occasional
american robin Turdus migratorius Present Native Common
acadian flycatcher Empidonax virescens Present Native Uncommon
American Egret, Common Egret?, Great Egret Ardea alba Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Bald Eagle, Northern Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Present Native Common
black vulture Coragyps atratus Present Native Uncommon
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Unconfirmed Native - -
Bufflehead, Buffle-head Bucephala albeola Present Native Uncommon
Blue Goose, Snow Goose Chen caerulescens Present Native Occasional
Belted Kingfisher, Eastern Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Present Native Uncommon
Blue Grosbeak, Eastern Blue Grosbeak Guiraca caerulea Present Native Uncommon
Brown Creeper Certhia americana Present Native Uncommon
blue jay Cyanocitta cristata Present Native Common
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Uncommon
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Non-native Common
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Present Native Uncommon
black-throated blue warbler Dendroica caerulescens Present Native Rare
bay-breasted warbler Dendroica castanea Present Native Occasional
blackpoll warbler Dendroica striata Unconfirmed Native - -
black-throated green warbler Dendroica virens Present Native Rare
black-and-white warbler Mniotilta varia Present Native Rare
blue-winged warbler Vermivora pinus Unconfirmed Native - -
blue-gray gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Present Native Common
Black-crowned Night Heron, Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Unconfirmed Native - -
barred owl Strix varia Present Native Rare
Barn Owl, North American Barn Owl Tyto alba Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
cooper's hawk Accipiter cooperii Present Native Rare
Common Mallard, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Present Native Uncommon
Common White-fronted Goose, Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons Unconfirmed Native - -
Canvasback Aythya valisineria Present Native Uncommon
Canada Goose, Eastern Canada Goose Branta canadensis Present Native Abundant
chimney swift Chaetura pelagica Present Native Uncommon
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia Present Native Occasional
Common Tern, Northern Common Tern Sterna hirundo Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Loon, Greater Common Loon Gavia immer Present Native Rare
cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Present Native Uncommon
Common Lapland Longspur, Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus Present Native Occasional
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present Native Abundant
common grackle Quiscalus quiscula Present Native Common
Carolina Chickadee Poecile carolinensis Present Native Common
chestnut-sided warbler Dendroica pensylvanica Present Native Rare
cape may warbler Dendroica tigrina Present Native Rare
common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Present Native Common
Common Oven-bird, Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapillus Present Native Uncommon
carolina wren Thryothorus ludovicianus Present Native Abundant
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis Present Native Abundant
downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens Present Native Common
Double-crested Cormorant, Northern Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern White-winged Scoter, White-winged Coot, White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Savannah Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Present Native Rare
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Present Native Unknown
Eastern Vesper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Unconfirmed Native - -
evening grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern meadowlark Sturnella magna Present Native Common
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present Non-native Common
eastern bluebird Sialia sialis Present Native Common
eastern wood-pewee Contopus virens Present Native Uncommon
eastern phoebe Sayornis phoebe Present Native Uncommon
eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Green Heron, Green heron, Green-backed Heron Butorides virescens Present Native Rare
Eastern Glossy Ibis, Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern screech-owl Megascops asio Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri Present Native Common
Fish crow Corvus ossifragus Present Native Rare
field sparrow Spizella pusilla Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca Present Native Common
Gadwall Anas strepera Present Native Uncommon
Greater Scaup, Greater Scaup Duck Aythya marila Present Native Common
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus Present Native Rare
Greater Yellowlegs, Greater Yellow-legs Tringa melanoleuca Unconfirmed Native - -
grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum Present Native Uncommon
gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis Present Native Rare
golden-crowned kinglet Regulus satrapa Present Native Uncommon
great crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Present Native Uncommon
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present Native Uncommon
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus Present Native Uncommon
horned lark Eremophila alpestris Present Native Occasional
house finch Carpodacus mexicanus Present Non-native Common
hooded warbler Wilsonia citrina Present Native Rare
house sparrow Passer domesticus Present Non-native Unknown
hermit thrush Catharus guttatus Present Native Uncommon
hairy woodpecker Picoides villosus Present Native Uncommon
Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus Present Native Rare
Holboell's Grebe, Holboell's Red-necked Grebe, Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Killdeer, Northern Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lesser Scaup, Lesser Scaup Duck Aythya affinis Present Native Uncommon
Long-tailed Duck, Old Squaw, Oldsquaw Clangula hyemalis Unconfirmed Native - -
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla Unconfirmed Native - -
Lesser Yellowlegs, Lesser Yellow-legs Tringa flavipes Unconfirmed Native - -
Louisana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla Unconfirmed Native - -
Long-billed Marsh Wren, Marsh Wren, Prairie Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mute Swan Cygnus olor Present Non-native Uncommon
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Common
magnolia warbler Dendroica magnolia Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Present Native Rare
Northern shoveler, Shoveller Anas clypeata Unconfirmed Native - -
Northern Ruddy Duck, Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Present Native Uncommon
northern bobwhite Colinus virginianus Present Native Common
northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Present Native Abundant
northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Present Native Uncommon
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Present Native Common
northern parula Parula americana Present Native Uncommon
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
osprey Pandion haliaetus Present Native Common
orchard oriole Icterus spurius Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos Unconfirmed Native - -
Pine siskin Carduelis pinus Unconfirmed Native - -
purple finch Carpodacus purpureus Unconfirmed Native - -
purple martin Progne subis Present Native Uncommon
prairie warbler Dendroica discolor Present Native Common
pine warbler Dendroica pinus Present Native Common
Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus Present Native Uncommon
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present Native Uncommon
red-shouldered hawk Buteo lineatus Present Native Common
Redhead Aythya americana Present Native Rare
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Present Native Uncommon
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator Present Native Uncommon
ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris Present Native Uncommon
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Present Native Uncommon
Royal Tern Sterna maxima Unconfirmed Native - -
rock dove Columba livia Present Non-native Uncommon
Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata Present Native Rare
rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus Present Native Occasional
Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra Present Native Occasional
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Abundant
ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula Present Native Uncommon
red-breasted nuthatch Sitta canadensis Present Native Occasional
red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus Present Native Common
red-bellied woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus Present Native Common
red-headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sharp-shinned hawk Accipiter striatus Present Native Rare
Scaup sp. Aythya - - - - - -
Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata Present Native Occasional
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia Present Native Uncommon
swamp sparrow Melospiza georgiana Present Native Uncommon
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Present Native Uncommon
scarlet tanager Piranga olivacea Present Native Uncommon
summer tanager Piranga rubra Present Native Uncommon
swainson's thrush Catharus ustulatus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Common
Tundra Swan, Whistling Swan Cygnus columbianus Present Native Uncommon
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Present Native Rare
tufted titmouse Baeolophus bicolor Present Native Common
tennessee warbler Vermivora peregrina Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Wood Duck Aix sponsa Present Native Rare
Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo Present Native Uncommon
white-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Present Native Abundant
white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Present Native Occasional
white-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Present Native Uncommon
winter wren Troglodytes troglodytes Present Native Occasional
wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina Present Native Uncommon
white-eyed vireo Vireo griseus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Present Native Uncommon
yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata Present Native Abundant
yellow-throated warbler Dendroica dominica Present Native Uncommon
yellow warbler Dendroica petechia Unconfirmed Native - -
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens Present Native Rare
yellow-throated vireo Vireo flavifrons Present Native Rare
yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Present Native Uncommon

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Black Rat Snake Elaphe obsoleta obsoleta Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
common snapping turtle Chelydra serpentina Present Native Common
common musk turtle Sternotherus odoratus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern worm snake Carphophis amoenus amoenus Present Native Common
Eastern Kingsnake Lampropeltis getula getula Present Native Unknown
eastern ribbon snake Thamnophis sauritus Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis Probably Present Native - -
Eastern Six-lined Racerunner Cnemidophorus sexlineatus sexlineatus Present Native Unknown
Eastern Painted Turtle Chrysemys picta picta Present Native Abundant
Eastern Box Turtle Terrapene carolina carolina Present Native Common
eastern mud turtle Kinosternon subrubrum subrubrum Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
five-lined skink Eumeces fasciatus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
ground skink Scincella lateralis Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern black racer Coluber constrictor constrictor Present Native Common
Northern Ringneck Snake Diadophis punctatus edwardsii Present Native Uncommon
Northern Water Snake Nerodia sipedon sipedon Present Native Uncommon
Northern Brown Snake Storeria dekayi dekayi Present Native Uncommon
northern fence lizard Sceloporus undulatus hyacinthinus Probably Present Native - -
Northern Diamondback Terrapin Malaclemys terrapin Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
rough green snake Opheodrys aestivus Present Native Unknown
redbelly turtle Pseudemys rubriventris Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
SOUTHEASTERN FIVE-LINED SKINK Eumeces inexpectatus Unconfirmed Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bullfrog Rana catesbeiana Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Cope's gray treefrog Hyla chrysoscelis Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern American Toad Bufo americanus americanus Present Native Unknown
Eastern Cricket Frog, Northern Cricket Frog Acris crepitans crepitans Present Native Common
Eastern Red-backed Salamander, Northern Redback Salamander, Red-backed Salamander Plethodon cinereus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fowler's toad Bufo fowleri Present Native Abundant
FROG, GREEN Rana clamitans melanota Present Native Common
Four-toed Salamander Hemidactylium scutatum Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green Tree Frog, Green Treefrog Hyla cinerea Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
marbled salamander Ambystoma opacum Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-spotted newt Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
spring peeper Pseudacris crucifer Present Native Abundant
Southern Leopard Frog Rana sphenocephala utricularia Present Native Abundant
spotted salamander Ambystoma maculatum Present Native Abundant

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Eel, Common Eel, Eel Anguilla rostrata Present Native Uncommon
Atlantic Silverside Menidia menidia Present Native Abundant
Atlantic Needlefish Strongylura marina Present Native Uncommon
Alewife Alosa pseudoharengus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Bay Anchovy Anchoa mitchilli Present Native Uncommon
Banded Killifish, Top Minnow Fundulus diaphanus Present Native Abundant
Blue Spot Sunfish, Bluespotted Sunfish, Bluespottted Sunfish Enneacanthus gloriosus Present Native Occasional
Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus Present Non-native Uncommon
black crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus Present Native Occasional
Bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix Present Native Common
Brown Bullhead Ameiurus nebulosus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
common carp Cyprinus carpio Present Non-native Common
Common Mummichog, Mummichog Fundulus heteroclitus Present Native Abundant
Chain pickerel, Common Pickerel Esox niger Present Native Uncommon
Common Sunfish, Pumpkinseed, Pumpkinseed Sunfish Lepomis gibbosus Present Native Uncommon
Channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern mudminnow Umbra pygmaea Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
gizzard shad Dorosoma cepedianum Present Native Common
Golden Shiner Notemigonus crysoleucas Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hogchoker Trinectes maculatus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
inland silverside Menidia beryllina Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Menhaden Brevoortia tyrannus Present Native Uncommon
Mosquitofish Gambusia holbrooki Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Northern Pipefish Syngnathus fuscus Present Native Uncommon
Naked Goby Gobiosoma bosc Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sheepshead minnow Cyprinodon variegatus Present Native Uncommon
Striped Mummichog Fundulus majalis Present Native Abundant
striped bass Morone saxatilis Present Native Abundant
Spot Leiostomus xanthurus Present Native Uncommon
Summer Flounder Paralichthys dentatus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
warmouth Lepomis gulosus Present Non-native Uncommon
White Perch Morone americana Present Native Abundant
White Catfish Ameiurus catus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Yellow Perch Perca flavescens Present Native Uncommon

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
arrow-arum Peltandra virginica Present Native Uncommon
American holly Ilex opaca Present Native Common
asparagus Asparagus officinalis Present Non-native Uncommon
Adam's needle Yucca filamentosa Present Native Uncommon
annual ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia Present Native Uncommon
American pokeweed, common pokeweed, inkberry, pigeonberry, poke, pokeberry, pokeweed Phytolacca americana Present Native Common
American bittersweet Celastrus scandens Present Native Common
Asiatic dayflower Commelina communis Present Non-native Common
American beech Fagus grandifolia Present Native Common
angularfruit milkvine Matelea gonocarpa Present Native Uncommon
azure bluet Houstonia caerulea Present Native Common
American Pennyroyal Hedeoma pulegioides Present Native Uncommon
American Germander Teucrium canadense Present Native Common
American lopseed Phryma leptostachya Present Native Common
American basswood Tilia americana Present Native Uncommon
American basswood Tilia americana var. heterophylla Present Native Uncommon
Awl Sedge Carex stipata Present Native Uncommon
annual bluegrass Poa annua Present Non-native Common
American sycamore Platanus occidentalis Present Native Uncommon
autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata Present Non-native Uncommon
Avens Geum canadense Present Native Common
American elm Ulmus americana Present Native Uncommon
alum-root Heuchera americana Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
BLUE-BOTTLE Muscari racemosum Present Non-native Uncommon
Beggar Ticks, Stick-tight Bidens frondosa Present Native Common
Batchelor's Buttons Centaurea cyanus Present Non-native Uncommon
bull thistle Cirsium vulgare Present Non-native Uncommon
blue mistflower Conoclinium coelestinum Present Native Uncommon
burnweed Erechtites hieracifolia Present Native Uncommon
blackeyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta Present Native Common
blowball, common dandelion, dandelion, faceclock Taraxacum officinale Present Non-native Common
bog marshcress, bog yellowcress, common yellowcress, marsh yellowcress, marshcress, yellow watercress Rorippa palustris Present Native Uncommon
bouncingbet Saponaria officinalis Present Non-native Common
bog smartweed Polygonum setaceum Present Native Uncommon
bitter doc Rumex obtusifolius Present Non-native Common
blackgum Nyssa sylvatica Present Native Uncommon
blackhaw Viburnum prunifolium Present Native Common
Beautybush Kolkwitzia amabilis Present Non-native Unknown
beaked cornsalad Valerianella radiata Present Native Common
bastard indigo Amorpha fruticosa Present Native Uncommon
Black Medick Medicago lupulina Present Non-native Common
black locust Robinia pseudoacacia Present Native Uncommon
black oak Quercus velutina Present Native Uncommon
bitternut hickory Carya cordiformis Present Native Common
black walnut Juglans nigra Present Native Uncommon
butterfly milkweed Asclepias tuberosa Present Native Uncommon
buttonweed Diodia teres Present Native Common
bedstraw Galium tinctorium Present Native Uncommon
blue fieldmadder Sherardia arvensis Present Non-native Common
beefsteakplant Perilla frutescens Present Non-native Common
blue curls, forked bluecurls Trichostema dichotomum Present Native Uncommon
border privet Ligustrum obtusifolium Present Non-native Uncommon
blackseed plantain Plantago rugelii Present Native Common
Blue Vervain Verbena hastata Present Native Common
black willow Salix nigra Present Native Common
broadleaf enchanter's nightshade Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis Present Native Uncommon
broad looseflower sedge Carex laxiflora var. laxiflora Present Native Uncommon
blunt spike-rush Eleocharis obtusa Present Native Common
bulrush Scirpus robustus Present Native Uncommon
broom-sedge Andropogon virginicus Present Native Common
Bromegrass Bromus tectorum Present Non-native Common
Bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon Present Non-native Common
Barnyard Grass Echinochloa crus-galli Present Non-native Uncommon
bigtop lovegrass Eragrostis hirsuta Present Native Uncommon
bottlebrush grass Hystrix patula Present Native Common
bitter panicum Panicum amarum Present Native Uncommon
beaked panicgrass Panicum anceps Present Native Common
Bulbous Buttercup Ranunculus bulbosus Present Non-native Common
blisterwort Ranunculus recurvatus Present Native Uncommon
blister buttercup Ranunculus sceleratus Present Native Uncommon
Black Cherry Prunus serotina Present Native Common
blackberry, brambles Rubus - - - - - -
black raspberry Rubus occidentalis Present Native Common
boxelder Acer negundo Present Native Uncommon
bigseed alfalfa dodder, largeseed dodder, pretty dodder Cuscuta indecora Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Arrrowhead Sagittaria latifolia Present Native Uncommon
common duckmeat, common duckweed, greater duckweed Spirodela polyrrhiza Present Native Common
Canadian blacksnakeroot Sanicula canadensis Present Native Uncommon
common yarrow Achillea millefolium Present Native Common
corn chamomile Anthemis arvensis Present Non-native Common
Common Burdock Arctium minus Present Native Common
Common Mugwort Artemisia vulgaris Present Non-native Common
Canada Thistle Cirsium arvense Present Non-native Common
Canadian horseweed Conyza canadensis Present Native Common
Carolina elephantsfoot Elephantopus carolinianus Present Native Common
common boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum Present Native Uncommon
Catfoot Gnaphalium obtusifolium Present Native Uncommon
cat's-ear Hypochaeris radicata Present Non-native Uncommon
China lettuce, prickly lettuce, wild lettuce Lactuca serriola Present Non-native Uncommon
climbing hempvine, climbing hempweed Mikania scandens Present Native Common
Canadian goldenrod Solidago canadensis var. scabra Present Native Uncommon
cocklebur Xanthium strumarium Present Native Common
Cardinal Flower Lobelia cardinalis Present Native Uncommon
cutleaf toothwort Cardamine concatenata Present Native Common
Common Saltwort Salsola kali Present Native Uncommon
common mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium vulgatum Present Non-native Common
common chickweed Stellaria media Present Non-native Common
Carpetweed Mollugo verticillata Present Non-native Common
common sheep sorrel Rumex acetosella Present Non-native Common
creeping cucumber Melothria pendula Present Native Uncommon
Common Elder Sambucus canadensis Present Native Common
common persimmon Diospyros virginiana Present Native Uncommon
Chinese lespedeza Lespedeza cuneata Present Non-native Common
creeping lespedeza Lespedeza repens Present Native Uncommon
chinkapin oak Quercus muehlenbergii Present Native Common
cherrybark oak, Texas oak Quercus pagoda Present Native Uncommon
chestnut oak Quercus prinus Present Native Common
Common Milkweed Asclepias syriaca Present Native Common
common periwinkle Vinca minor Present Non-native Uncommon
common buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Present Native Uncommon
Carolina Cranesbill Geranium carolinianum Present Native Common
Carolina wild petunia Ruellia caroliniensis Present Native Uncommon
Catnip Nepeta cataria Present Non-native Common
common selfheal Prunella vulgaris Present Non-native Uncommon
Chinese privet Ligustrum sinense Present Non-native Common
cancerwort Kickxia elatine Present Non-native Common
corn speedwell Veronica arvensis Present Non-native Common
Common Mullein Verbascum thapsus Present Non-native Common
cat greenbrier Smilax glauca Present Native Uncommon
Common St. Johnswort Hypericum perforatum Present Non-native Uncommon
Common Mallow, Cheeses Malva neglecta Present Non-native Uncommon
common evening primrose Oenothera biennis Present Native Common
Cut-leaved Evening Primrose Oenothera laciniata Present Native Common
Cinnamon Fern Osmunda cinnamomea Present Native Uncommon
common yellow oxalis Oxalis stricta Present Native Common
carex, sedge, sedge species, sedges Carex - - - - - -
common fox sedge Carex vulpinoidea Present Native Uncommon
chufa flatsedge, yellow nutgrass, yellow nutsedge Cyperus esculentus Present Native Common
chairmaker's bulrush Schoenoplectus americanus Present Native Common
common rush Juncus effusus Present Native Common
Colonial Bent Agrostis tenuis Present Non-native Common
Carolina foxtail Alopecurus carolinianus Present Native Uncommon
Common Hairgrass Deschampsia flexuosa Present Native Uncommon
coast cockspur grass Echinochloa walteri Present Native Common
Common Darnel, Perennial Ryegrass Lolium perenne Present Non-native Common
Common Reed Phragmites australis Present Native Common
Canada bluegrass Poa compressa Present Non-native Common
cattail Typha - - - - - -
Christmas Fern Polystichum acrostichoides Present Native Common
common moonseed Menispermum canadense Present Native Uncommon
common hackberry Celtis occidentalis Present Native Uncommon
Common Shadbush Amelanchier arborea Present Native Uncommon
cream avens Geum virginianum Present Native Uncommon
Canadian clearweed Pilea pumila Present Native Uncommon
creeping jenny, European bindweed, field bindweed, perennial morningglory, smallflowered morningglory Convolvulus arvensis Present Non-native Common
compact dodder Cuscuta compacta Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
devil's walkingstick Aralia spinosa Present Native Uncommon
discoid beggarticks, small beggarticks, swamp beggar-ticks Bidens discoidea Present Native Uncommon
devil's grandmother Elephantopus tomentosus Present Native Uncommon
Dwarf dandelion Krigia virginica Present Native Common
Dame's Rocket Hesperis matronalis Present Native Common
devil's-tongue Opuntia humifusa Present Native Rare
Deptford pink Dianthus armeria Present Non-native Uncommon
Doorweed, Common Knotgrass Polygonum aviculare Present Non-native Common
dotted smartweed Polygonum punctatum Present Native Common
Dillenius' ticktrefoil Desmodium glabellum Present Native Uncommon
Dove's-foot Cranesbill Geranium molle Present Non-native Common
dwarf St. Johnswort Hypericum mutilum Present Native Common
Dillen's oxalis, slender yellow woodsorrel Oxalis dillenii Present Native Common
Dwarf Spike-rush Eleocharis parvula Present Native Common
deertongue Dichanthelium clandestinum Present Native Uncommon
- - Dichanthelium lanuginosum Present Native Common
desert saltgrass, inland saltgrass, marsh spikegrass, saltgrass, seashore saltgrass Distichlis spicata Present Native Common
dallas grass, dallis grass, dallisgrass, herbe de miel, herbe sirop, hiku nua, palpalum dilate, water grass Paspalum dilatatum Present Non-native Uncommon
doubtful knight's spur Consolida ajacis Present Non-native Uncommon
Dwarf Cinquefoil Potentilla canadensis Present Native Uncommon
Dwarf sumac, Winged sumac Rhus copallina Present Native Common
dodder Cuscuta - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
English ivy Hedera helix Present Non-native Uncommon
eastern baccharis Baccharis halimifolia Present Native Common
eastern daisy fleabane Erigeron annuus Present Native Common
early goldenrod Solidago juncea Present Native Uncommon
eastern redcedar Juniperus virginiana Present Native Common
eastern redbud Cercis canadensis Present Native Uncommon
eastern milkpea Galactia regularis Present Native Uncommon
Eyebane, Upright Spotted Spurge Chamaesyce maculata Present Native Uncommon
eastern woodland sedge Carex blanda Present Native Uncommon
Eaton's rosette grass Dichanthelium spretum Present Native Uncommon
eastern bottlebrush grass Elymus hystrix var. hystrix Present Native Uncommon
eulalia Miscanthus sinensis Present Non-native Rare
eastern gamagrass Tripsacum dactyloides Present Native Uncommon
ebony spleenwort Asplenium platyneuron Present Native Uncommon
Evergreen Wood Fern Dryopteris intermedia Present Native Common
eastern marsh fern, marsh fern, meadow fern Thelypteris palustris Present Native Common
early woodbuttercup Ranunculus abortivus Present Native Uncommon
eastern poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
FIELD GARLIC Allium vineale Present Non-native Common
Frost aster Aster pilosus Present Native Common
field thistle Cirsium discolor Present Native Uncommon
false daisy Eclipta prostrata Present Native Uncommon
False dandelion Pyrrhopappus carolinianus Present Native Uncommon
field pepperweed Lepidium campestre Present Non-native Common
fiddle dock Rumex pulcher Present Non-native Common
flowering dogwood Cornus florida Present Native Common
field horsetail Equisetum arvense Present Native Common
fragrant bedstraw Galium triflorum Present Native Common
field basil Satureja vulgaris Present Native Uncommon
fog-fruit Lippia lanceolata Present Native Uncommon
flowering spurge Euphorbia corollata Present Native Uncommon
Flax Linum virginianum Present Native Uncommon
Field pansy, Green field pansy Viola rafinesquei Present Native Common
fragrant flatsedge Cyperus odoratus Present Native Uncommon
Forked Rush Juncus dichotomus Present Native Common
field rush Juncus tenuis Present Native Uncommon
fowl mannagrass Glyceria striata Present Native Uncommon
Florida paspalum Paspalum floridanum Present Native Uncommon
field dodder Cuscuta campestris Present Native Common
FIELD-DODDER Cuscuta pentagona Present Native Common
fox grape Vitis labrusca Present Native Common
frost grape Vitis vulpina Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Grass-leaved Goldenrod Euthamia graminifolia Present Native Uncommon
Gray Goldenrod Solidago nemoralis Present Native Uncommon
Green Amaranth, Pigweed Amaranthus hybridus Present Native Common
Green Amaranth, Pigweed Amaranthus retroflexus Present Native Common
Groundnut, Wild Bean Apios americana Present Native Uncommon
ground ivy Glechoma hederacea Present Non-native Common
globe flatsedge Cyperus echinatus Present Native Uncommon
giant cordgrass Spartina cynosuroides Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
herbwilliam, threadleaf mockbishopweed Ptilimnium capillaceum Present Native Uncommon
holly Ilex integra Present Non-native Uncommon
hyssopleaf thoroughwort Eupatorium hyssopifolium Present Native Common
hairy leafcup Smallanthus uvedalius Present Native Common
Hedge Mustard Sisymbrium officinale Present Non-native Uncommon
Halberd-leaf Orache Atriplex patula Present Non-native Uncommon
horsetail, scouring horsetail, scouringrush, scouringrush horsetail, tall scouring-rush, western scouringrush Equisetum hyemale Present Native Common
Highbush Blueberry Vaccinium corymbosum Present Native Common
hoary ticktrefoil Desmodium canescens Present Native Uncommon
hairy clover Trifolium arvense Present Non-native Common
hop clover Trifolium dubium Present Non-native Common
honeyvine Cynanchum laeve Present Native Uncommon
hairy bedstraw Galium pilosum Present Native Uncommon
henbit deadnettle Lamium amplexicaule Present Non-native Common
helmet flower Scutellaria integrifolia Present Native Uncommon
hedgehog woodrush Luzula echinata Present Native Uncommon
hairy jointgrass Arthraxon hispidus Present Non-native Common
hotsprings panicum, hotsprings rosette grass, tapered rosette grass Dichanthelium acuminatum Present Native Common
hairy crabgrass Digitaria sanguinalis Present Non-native Common
hairy wildrye Elymus villosus Present Native Common
Hay-scented Fern Dennstaedtia punctilobula Present Native Common
hairy buttercup Ranunculus sardous Present Non-native Uncommon
hortulan plum Prunus hortulana Present Non-native Rare
hedge false bindweed Calystegia sepium Present Native Uncommon
horse-nettle Solanum carolinense Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
iris Iris pseudacorus Present Non-native Uncommon
Ironweed Vernonia glauca Present Native Uncommon
Indian-tobacco Lobelia inflata Present Native Common
Indian pipe Monotropa uniflora Present Native Uncommon
intermediate lespedeza Lespedeza intermedia Present Native Uncommon
Indianhemp Apocynum cannabinum Present Native Common
ivyleaf speedwell Veronica hederifolia Present Non-native Common
Indian goosegrass Eleusine indica Present Non-native Common
India lovegrass, Indian love grass, Indian lovegrass Eragrostis pilosa Present Native Uncommon
ivy-leaved crowfoot Ranunculus hederaceus Present Native Uncommon
Indian strawberry Duchesnea indica Present Non-native Common
IVY-LEAVED MORNING-GLORY Ipomoea hederacea Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Juda's bush, rootstock bloodleaf Iresine rhizomatosa Present Native Uncommon
jumpseed Polygonum virginianum Present Native Common
Japanese honeysuckle Lonicera japonica Present Non-native Common
jewelweed Impatiens capensis Present Native Common
Japanese clover Kummerowia striata Present Non-native Common
juniper-leaf Polypremum procumbens Present Native Uncommon
Japanese brome Bromus japonicus Present Non-native Common
Japanese bristlegrass Setaria faberi Present Non-native Common
Japanese barberry Berberis thunbergii Present Non-native Rare
Jamestown weed, jimsonweed, mad apple, moonflower, stinkwort, thorn apple Datura stramonium Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
knawel Scleranthus annuus Present Non-native Common
knotweed Polygonum prolificum Present Native Uncommon
Korean clover, Korean lespedeza Kummerowia stipulacea Present Non-native Common
Kentucky bluegrass Poa pratensis Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
lateflowering thoroughwort Eupatorium serotinum Present Native Uncommon
largeseed forget-me-not, southern forget-me-not Myosotis macrosperma Present Native Common
Lamb's Quarters, Pigweed Chenopodium album Present Non-native Uncommon
Lewiston cornsalad Valerianella locusta Present Non-native Common
lesser calamint Calamintha nepeta Present Non-native Common
lyreleaf sage Salvia lyrata Present Native Common
Lesser Calamint Satureja calamintha var. nepeta Present Non-native Uncommon
largebracted plantain Plantago aristata Present Native Uncommon
- - Lycopodium flabelliforme Present Native Uncommon
Large-toothed Aspen, Popple Populus grandidentata Present Native Uncommon
loosestrife Lythrum lineare Present Native Uncommon
Loblolly pine Pinus taeda Present Native Common
lizard's tail Saururus cernuus Present Native Common
leathery rush Juncus coriaceus Present Native Common
Little BARLEY Hordeum pusillum Present Native Common
little bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium Present Native Common
Lesser Bur Reed Sparganium americanum Present Native Uncommon
lady fern Athyrium filix-femina Present Native Uncommon
longleaf groundcherry Physalis longifolia var. subglabrata Present Native Uncommon
lanceleaf groundcherry, Virginia ground cherry, Virginia groundcherry, Virginia ground-cherry Physalis virginiana Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
minute duckweed Lemna perpusilla Unconfirmed Native - -
meadow garlic Allium canadense Present Native Uncommon
marsh elder Iva frutescens Present Native Common
marsh fleabane Pluchea odorata Present Native Uncommon
mouse-ear cress Arabidopsis thaliana Present Non-native Uncommon
money-plant, honesty Lunaria annua Present Non-native Uncommon
MEXICAN TEA Chenopodium ambrosioides Present Non-native Uncommon
Moneywort Lysimachia nummularia Present Non-native Uncommon
Maryland senna Senna marilandica Present Native Uncommon
Maryland milkwort Polygala mariana Present Native Uncommon
maroon Carolina milkvine Matelea carolinensis Present Native Uncommon
Motherwort Leonurus cardiaca Present Non-native Common
Mad-dog Skullcap Scutellaria lateriflora Present Native Uncommon
Moth Mullein Verbascum blattaria Present Non-native Uncommon
mercuryweed, threeseeded mercury, Virginia copperleaf, Virginia threeseed mercury, wax balls Acalypha virginica Present Native Uncommon
Marsh St. Johnswort Triadenum virginicum Present Native Common
Marsh Blue Violet Viola cucullata Present Native Uncommon
manyflower flatsedge Cyperus lancastriensis Present Native Uncommon
marsh flatsedge Cyperus pseudovegetus Present Native Uncommon
meadow-fescue Festuca pratensis Present Non-native Common
marsh bristlegrass Setaria parviflora Present Native Common
Millet Setaria viridis Present Native Uncommon
muscadine Vitis rotundifolia Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
nuttall waterweed, Nuttall's waterweed, western waterweed Elodea nuttallii Present Native Uncommon
New York ironweed Vernonia noveboracensis Present Native Uncommon
Northern Red Oak Quercus rubra Present Native Uncommon
narrowleaf plantain Plantago lanceolata Present Non-native Common
narrowleaf vervain Verbena simplex Present Native Uncommon
northern spicebush Lindera benzoin Present Native Uncommon
needle spikerush Eleocharis acicularis Present Native Common
nimblewill Muhlenbergia schreberi Present Native Uncommon
narrowleaf cattail Typha angustifolia Present Native Common
netted chain-fern Woodwardia areolata Present Native Uncommon
New York fern Thelypteris noveboracensis Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
orange daylily Hemerocallis fulva Present Non-native Uncommon
oxeye daisy Leucanthemum vulgare Present Non-native Uncommon
oriental lady's thumb, oriental ladysthumb Polygonum cespitosum var. longisetum Present Non-native Common
oriental bittersweet Celastrus orbiculatus Present Non-native Uncommon
oakleaf hydrangea Hydrangea quercifolia Present Native Uncommon
ovalleaf sedge Carex cephalophora Present Native Common
Orchard Grass Dactylis glomerata Present Non-native Common
old switch panic grass, switchgrass Panicum virgatum Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pale duckweed Lemna valdiviana Present Native Common
pasture thistle Cirsium pumilum Present Native Uncommon
prairie fleabane Erigeron strigosus Present Native Common
Pennsylvania Bitter Cress Cardamine pensylvanica Present Native Uncommon
prickly-pear Opuntia compressa Present Native Uncommon
pearlwort Sagina decumbens Present Native Common
Pennsylvania knotweed, Pennsylvania smartweed, pinkweed, pinweed Polygonum pensylvanicum Present Native Uncommon
Prickly Hornwort Ceratophyllum echinatum Present Native Common
Possum Haw Viburnum nudum Present Native Common
pink azalea, pinxterbloom azalea Rhododendron periclymenoides Present Native Uncommon
perennial or garden phlox Phlox paniculata Present Native Uncommon
partridge pea, showy partridgepea, sleepingplant Chamaecrista fasciculata Present Native Uncommon
partridge pea, partridge-pea, sensitive partridge pea, sensitive plant Chamaecrista nictitans Present Native Uncommon
perennial sweetpea Lathyrus latifolius Present Non-native Uncommon
perennial wildbean Strophostyles umbellata Present Native Uncommon
pin oak Quercus palustris Present Native Uncommon
post oak Quercus stellata Present Native Uncommon
pignut hickory Carya glabra Present Native Uncommon
Periwinkle Vinca major Present Non-native Common
Partridgeberry Mitchella repens Present Native Common
purple dead-nettle Lamium purpureum Present Non-native Uncommon
purple agalinis Agalinis purpurea Present Native Uncommon
paleseed Indianwheat, Virginia plantain Plantago virginica Present Native Common
pawpaw Asimina triloba Present Native Common
poverty oatgrass Danthonia spicata Present Native Common
purple lovegrass Eragrostis spectabilis Present Native Common
purpletop Tridens flavus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
queendevil Hieracium gronovii Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
roundleaf eupatorium Eupatorium rotundifolium Present Native Common
rattlesnakeweed Hieracium venosum Present Native Common
Rough-stemmed Goldenrod Solidago rugosa Present Native Common
rose campion Lychnis coronaria Present Non-native Uncommon
red clover Trifolium pratense Present Non-native Common
roundfruit hedgehyssop Gratiola virginiana Present Native Uncommon
roundleaf greenbrier Smilax rotundifolia Present Native Common
ROSE MALLOW Hibiscus moscheutos Present Native Common
ROSE OF SHARON Hibiscus syriacus Present Non-native Rare
rattlesnake fern Botrychium virginianum Present Native Uncommon
royal fern Osmunda regalis Present Native Uncommon
reflexed sedge Carex retroflexa Present Native Common
Redtop Agrostis stolonifera Present Non-native Common
rosette grass Dichanthelium - - - - - -
roundseed panicgrass, roundseed panicum Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon Present Native Uncommon
Rice Cutgrass Leersia oryzoides Present Native Uncommon
red mulberry Morus rubra Present Native Uncommon
red maple Acer rubrum Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sweet fennel Foeniculum vulgare Present Non-native Common
spring ladies'-tresses, spring lady's tresses, upland ladiestresses Spiranthes vernalis Present Native Uncommon
SHOWY ASTER Aster spectabilis Present Native Uncommon
salt marsh aster Aster tenuifolius Present Native Uncommon
small white aster Aster vimineus Present Native Uncommon
Spanish needles Bidens bipinnata Present Native Uncommon
skeletonweed Chondrilla juncea Present Non-native Uncommon
spotted Joe-pye-weed Eupatorium dubium Present Native Uncommon
spoonleaf purple everlasting Gamochaeta purpurea Present Native Uncommon
Small's ragwort Senecio smallii Present Native Uncommon
showy goldenrod Solidago erecta Present Native Uncommon
Seaside Goldenrod Solidago sempervirens Present Native Uncommon
Spiny-leaved Sow Thistle Sonchus asper Present Non-native Uncommon
smooth rockcress Arabis laevigata Present Native Uncommon
spring cress Barbarea verna Present Non-native Uncommon
Sea Rocket Cakile edentula Present Native Uncommon
Shepherd's Purse Capsella bursa-pastoris Present Non-native Common
Shepard vress Teesdalia nudicaulis Present Non-native Common
sticky chickweed Cerastium glomeratum Present Non-native Common
swamp smartweed Polygonum hydropiperoides Present Native Uncommon
Swamp Dock Rumex verticillatus Present Native Common
silky dogwood Cornus amomum Present Native Uncommon
striped prince's pine Chimaphila maculata Present Native Uncommon
Scarlet Pimpernel Anagallis arvensis Present Non-native Uncommon
seaside brookweed, water-pimpernel Samolus parviflorus Present Native Uncommon
silktree Albizia julibrissin Present Non-native Uncommon
southern wild senna Cassia marilandica Present Native Uncommon
smooth tickclover, smooth ticktrefoil Desmodium laevigatum Present Native Uncommon
sidebeak pencilflower Stylosanthes biflora Present Native Common
smooth alder Alnus serrulata Present Native Common
southern red oak Quercus falcata Present Native Common
swamp white oak Quercus michauxii Present Native Uncommon
swamp milkweed Asclepias incarnata Present Native Common
stickywilly Galium aparine Present Native Common
Spearmint Mentha spicata Present Non-native Common
spotted beebalm Monarda punctata Present Native Common
slender plantain Plantago heterophylla Present Native Uncommon
sassafras Sassafras albidum Present Native Uncommon
Star-of-Bethlehem Ornithogalum umbellatum Present Non-native Uncommon
saw greenbrier Smilax bona-nox Present Native Uncommon
southern magnolia Magnolia grandiflora Present Native Rare
sweetbay Magnolia virginiana Present Native Uncommon
slender copperleaf, slender threeseed mercury Acalypha gracilens Present Native Common
seaside sandmat, seaside spurge Chamaesyce polygonifolia Present Native Uncommon
St. Andrews cross Hypericum hypericoides Present Native Uncommon
spotted St. Johnswort Hypericum punctatum Present Native Uncommon
seashore-mallow Kosteletzkya virginica Present Native Common
Swamp Loosestrife Decodon verticillatus Present Native Common
seedbox Ludwigia alternifolia Present Native Uncommon
southern adderstongue Ophioglossum vulgatum Present Native Uncommon
stellate sedge Carex albicans var. australis Present Native Uncommon
sedge Carex crinita Present Native Common
Sickle-grass Carex crinita var. crinita Present Native Common
Sallow Sedge Carex lurida Present Native Common
sedge Carex swanii Present Native Uncommon
straw-colored nutsedge Cyperus strigosus Present Native Uncommon
Sweet Vernal Grass Anthoxanthum odoratum Present Non-native Common
sandbur, grassbur Cenchrus tribuloides Present Native Uncommon
slender woodoats Chasmanthium laxum Present Native Uncommon
stout woodreed Cinna arundinacea Present Native Common
smooth panic grass Panicum dichotomiflorum Present Native Uncommon
smooth paspalum Paspalum laeve Present Native Common
Salt-water Cord Grass Spartina alterniflora Present Native Common
Salt-mMeadow Grass Spartina patens Present Native Common
Sensitive Fern, Beadfern Onoclea sensibilis Present Native Uncommon
Southern lady fern Athyrium asplenioides Present Native Common
sweet autumn virginsbower, YAM-LEAVED CLEMATIS Clematis terniflora Present Non-native Uncommon
smallflower buttercup, sticktight buttercup Ranunculus parviflorus Present Non-native Common
sugarberry Celtis laevigata Present Native Uncommon
scarlet firethorn Pyracantha coccinea Present Non-native Rare
Swamp Rose Rosa palustris Present Native Common
sawtooth blackberry Rubus argutus Present Native Common
smallspike false nettle Boehmeria cylindrica Present Native Common
smooth sumac Rhus glabra Present Native Uncommon
silver maple Acer saccharinum Present Native Uncommon
sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua Present Native Common
SMALL-FLOWERED MORNING-GLORY Ipomoea lacunosa Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
tickseed sunflower Bidens polylepis Present Native Common
Tansy Tanacetum vulgare Present Non-native Common
tidalmarsh amaranth Amaranthus cannabinus Present Native Uncommon
thymeleaf sandwort Arenaria serpyllifolia Present Non-native Uncommon
tearthumb Polygonum sagittatum Present Native Uncommon
trailing lespedeza Lespedeza procumbens Present Native Uncommon
trailing fuzzybean, trailing wild-bean, Trailing wildbean Strophostyles helvula Present Native Uncommon
trumpet creeper Campsis radicans Present Native Common
terrestrial water-starwort Callitriche terrestris Present Native Uncommon
toadflax Linaria canadensis Present Native Common
Thyme-leaved Speedwell Veronica serpyllifolia Present Non-native Uncommon
tuliptree Liriodendron tulipifera Present Native Common
three-seeded mercury Acalypha rhomboidea Present Native Common
toothcup Ammannia latifolia Present Native Uncommon
timothy Phleum pratense Present Non-native Uncommon
thimbleweed Anemone virginiana Present Native Uncommon
tree-of-heaven Ailanthus altissima Present Non-native Uncommon
tomato Lycopersicon esculentum Present Non-native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
umbrella-sedge, galingale Cyperus filicinus Present Native Uncommon
Upland Bent Agrostis perennans Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Venus's Looking-glass Triodanis perfoliata Present Native Common
Virginia buttonweed Diodia virginiana Present Native Common
Virginia Bulgleweed Lycopus virginicus Present Native Common
velvetleaf Abutilon theophrasti Present Non-native Uncommon
Virginia pine Pinus virginiana Present Native Common
velvet panicum Dichanthelium scoparium Present Native Common
Virginia wild rye, Virginia wildrye Elymus virginicus Present Native Common
Virginian Chain Fern Woodwardia virginica Present Native Uncommon
Virginia sweetspire Itea virginica Present Native Uncommon
Virginia creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
whorled pennywort Hydrocotyle verticillata Present Native Common
Winterberry, Black Alder Ilex verticillata Present Native Common
woman's tobacco Antennaria plantaginifolia Present Native Common
waxyleaf aster Aster undulatus Present Native Uncommon
Winter Cress, Yellow Rocket Barbarea vulgaris Present Non-native Uncommon
Wild Peppergrass Lepidium virginicum Present Native Common
Wild Radish Raphanus raphanistrum Present Non-native Common
white campion Lychnis alba Present Non-native Common
water-pepper Polygonum hydropiper Present Non-native Common
white sweetclover Melilotus alba Present Non-native Common
white clover Trifolium repens Present Non-native Common
white oak Quercus alba Present Native Uncommon
Willow oak Quercus phellos Present Native Uncommon
wax-myrtle Myrica cerifera Present Native Common
whorled milkweed Asclepias verticillata Present Native Uncommon
wild madder Galium obtusum Present Native Common
wild-basil Clinopodium vulgare Present Native Uncommon
Water starwort Callitriche heterophylla Present Native Uncommon
white vervain Verbena urticifolia Present Native Uncommon
Waxweed Cuphea viscosissima Present Native Uncommon
wingleaf primrose-willow, wingleaf waterprimrose Ludwigia decurrens Present Native Uncommon
Water Purslane Ludwigia palustris Present Native Common
Wool Grass Scirpus cyperinus Present Native Uncommon
whitegrass Leersia virginica Present Native Common
Wheat Triticum aestivum Present Non-native Uncommon
Wild Rice Zizania aquatica Present Native Common
Wild Columbine Aquilegia canadensis Present Native Uncommon
Winter aconite Eranthis hyemalis Present Non-native Uncommon
white mulberry Morus alba Present Non-native Uncommon
woodland strawberry Fragaria vesca Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow crownbeard Verbesina occidentalis Present Native Common
yellow bugle Ajuga chamaepitys Present Non-native Common