Cape Cod National Seashore Park

Rank: 13

Park Description

The great Outer Beach described by Thoreau in the 1800s is protected within the national seashore. Forty miles of pristine sandy beach, marshes, ponds, and uplands support diverse species. Lighthouses, cultural landscapes, and wild cranberry bogs offer a glimpse of Cape Cod's past and continuing ways of life. Swimming beaches and walking and biking trails beckon today's visitors.

Park Address

Cape Cod National Seashore 99 Marconi Site Road

Wellfleet, MA, 02667

Cape Cod National Seashore Park Activites












Species in Cape Cod National Seashore Park by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in Cape Cod National Seashore Park. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Atlantic White-sided Dolphin Lagenorhynchus acutus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Bonaparte Weasel, Bonaparte's Weasel, Ermine, Short-tailed Weasel Mustela erminea Unconfirmed Native - -
Blue Whale Balaenoptera musculus Present Native Occasional
Bottlenose Dolphin Tursiops truncatus Present Native Occasional
big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus Present Native Unknown
Boreal Redback Vole, Red-backed Mouse, Red-backed Vole, Southern Red-backed Vole, White-Mountain Red-backed Mouse Clethrionomys gapperi Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
coyote Canis latrans Present Native Uncommon
Common Seal, Hair Seal, Harbor Seal Phoca vitulina Present Native Common
Common Muskrat, Muskrat, Musquash, Water Rat Ondatra zibethicus Present Native Common
Chickaree, Red Squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern red bat Lasiurus borealis Present Native Unknown
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Present Non-native Common
eastern gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis Present Native Abundant
eastern chipmunk Tamias striatus Present Native Common
Eastern mole Scalopus aquaticus aquaticus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
fin whale Balaenoptera physalus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Gray Seal Halichoerus grypus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hooded Seal Cystophora cristata Present Native Occasional
Harp seal Pagophilus groenlandicus Present Native Occasional
humpback whale Megaptera novaeangliae Present Native Common
harbor porpoise Phocoena phocoena Present Native Common
Hoary Bat Lasiurus cinereus cinereus Present Native Unknown
house mouse Mus musculus Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
killer whale Orcinus orca Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata Present Native Rare
little brown bat Myotis lucifugus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mink Mustela vison Present Native Rare
minke whale Balaenoptera acutorostrata Present Native Uncommon
meadow jumping mouse Zapus hudsonius Present Native Common
meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus Present Native Abundant
Masked shrew Sorex cinereus cinereus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
North Atlantic Right Whale Eubalaena glacialis Present Native Uncommon
New England cottontail Sylvilagus transitionalis Not In Park Native - -
Norway rat Rattus norvegicus Present Non-native Unknown
northern short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Otter, River Otter Lutra canadensis Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pilot whale Globicephala melaena Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red fox Vulpes vulpes Present Non-native Uncommon
raccoon Procyon lotor Present Native Abundant
Risso's Dolphin Grampus griseus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Striped skunk Mephitis mephitis nigra Present Native Common
Sei Whale Balaenoptera borealis Present Native Occasional
Short-beaked Common Dolphin Delphinus delphis Present Native Rare
Striped Dolphin Stenella coeruleoalba Present Native Occasional
sperm whale Physeter catodon Present Native Occasional
silver-haired bat Lasionycteris noctivagans Present Native Unknown
Snowshoe Hare, Varying Hare Lepus americanus Present Unknown Rare
southern flying squirrel Glaucomys volans Present Native Uncommon
Star-nosed Mole Condylura cristata Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Whitetail deer Odocoileus virginianus borealis Present Native Common
White-beaked Dolphin Lagenorhynchus albirostris Present Native Occasional
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Present Native Abundant
woodchuck Marmota monax Present Native Rare

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Golden Eagle, Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos Present Native Occasional
American Rough-legged Hawk, Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus Present Native Occasional
American Pintail, Northern Pintail, Pintail Anas acuta Present Native Uncommon
American Wigeon, Baldpate Anas americana Present Native Uncommon
American Black Duck, Black Duck, Common Black Duck, Red-legged Black Duck Anas rubripes Present Native Abundant
American Brant, Brant Branta bernicla Present Native Common
American Golden-eye, Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula Present Native Common
American Common Scoter, American Scoter, Black Scoter, Butter-bill, Common Scoter Melanitta nigra Present Native Common
American Merganser, Common Merganser Mergus merganser Present Native Common
American Eider, Common Eider, Eider Duck, Northern Eider Somateria mollissima Present Native Abundant
Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica Present Native Occasional
Atlantic Murre, Common Murre Uria aalge Present Native Rare
American Golden Plover, American Golden-Plover, Eastern American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica Present Native Rare
American Oystercatcher, Eastern American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus Present Native Uncommon
American Black Tern, Black Tern Chlidonias niger Present Native Uncommon
American Herring Gull, Herring Gull Larus argentatus Present Native Abundant
Atlantic Kittiwake, Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla Present Native Abundant
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea Present Native Rare
American Avocet, Avocet Recurvirostra americana Present Native Occasional
American Knot, Knot, Red Knot Calidris canutus Present Native Common
american woodcock Scolopax minor Present Native Uncommon
American Peregrine Falcon, Duck Hawk, Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Present Native Uncommon
American Gyrfalcon, Gyrfalcon, White Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus Present Native Occasional
american kestrel Falco sparverius Present Native Rare
American Coot, Northern American Coot Fulica americana Present Native Common
american crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Present Native Common
american tree sparrow Spizella arborea Present Native Uncommon
american goldfinch Carduelis tristis Present Native Common
American Pipit, American Water Pipit, Water Pipit Anthus rubescens Present Native Uncommon
american redstart Setophaga ruticilla Present Native Common
american robin Turdus migratorius Present Native Common
alder flycatcher Empidonax alnorum Present Native Rare
acadian flycatcher Empidonax virescens Present Native Rare
Ash-throated Flycatcher Myiarchus cinerascens Present Native Occasional
Arkansas Kingbird, Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis Present Native Rare
American Egret, Common Egret?, Great Egret Ardea alba Present Native Uncommon
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus Present Native Rare
American White Pelican, White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Present Native Occasional
American White Ibis, White Ibis Eudocimus albus Present Native Occasional
Arctic Three-toed Woodpecker, Black-backed Three-toed Woodpecker, Black-backed Woodpecker Picoides arcticus Present Native Occasional
Atlantic Wilson's Petrel, Wilson's Petrel, Wilson's Storm-Petrel Oceanites oceanicus Present Native Common
Atlantic Fulmar, Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis Present Native Rare
American Long-eared Owl, Long-eared Owl Asio otus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Barred Owl Asio varia Present Native Occasional
broad-winged hawk Buteo platypterus Present Native Uncommon
Bald Eagle, Northern Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Present Native Rare
black vulture Coragyps atratus Present Native Occasional
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Present Native Uncommon
Bufflehead, Buffle-head Bucephala albeola Present Native Common
Barrow's Goldeneye Bucephala islandica Present Native Occasional
Blue Goose, Snow Goose Chen caerulescens Present Native Rare
Black Guillemot, Sea Pigeon, Southern Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle Present Native Rare
Brunnich's Murre, Brunnich's Thick-billed Murre, Thick-billed Murre Uria lomvia Present Native Rare
Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola Present Native Abundant
Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia Present Native Common
Black-headed Gull, Western Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus Present Native Rare
Black Skimmer, Northern Black Skimmer Rynchops niger Present Native Rare
Bridled Tern Sterna anaethetus Present Native Occasional
Bartramian Sandpiper, Upland Plover, Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda Present Native Rare
Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii Present Native Rare
Bar-tailed godwit Limosa lapponica Present Native Occasional
Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis Present Native Rare
Belted Kingfisher, Eastern Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Present Native Uncommon
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus Present Native Uncommon
Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis Not In Park Native - -
Bohemian Waxwing, Greater Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus Present Native Rare
Blue Grosbeak, Eastern Blue Grosbeak Guiraca caerulea Present Native Rare
Brown Creeper Certhia americana Present Native Uncommon
blue jay Cyanocitta cristata Present Native Common
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Uncommon
Bank Swallow, Common Bank Swallow Riparia riparia Present Native Uncommon
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus Present Native Rare
Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus Present Native Occasional
Bullock's Oriole Icterus bullockii Present Native Occasional
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Present Native Common
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Native Common
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Present Native Uncommon
Black-capped Chickadee Parus atricapillus Present Native Common
Boreal chickadee Parus hudsonicus Present Native Occasional
black-throated blue warbler Dendroica caerulescens Present Native Uncommon
bay-breasted warbler Dendroica castanea Present Native Uncommon
blackburnian warbler Dendroica fusca Present Native Uncommon
blackpoll warbler Dendroica striata Present Native Common
black-throated green warbler Dendroica virens Present Native Common
black-and-white warbler Mniotilta varia Present Native Uncommon
blue-winged warbler Vermivora pinus Present Native Rare
blue-gray gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Present Native Rare
Bicknell's Gray-cheeked Thrush, Bicknell's Thrush Catharus bicknelli Present Native Rare
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius Present Native Common
Black-crowned Night Heron, Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Present Native Uncommon
Barn Owl, North American Barn Owl Tyto alba Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
cooper's hawk Accipiter cooperii Present Native Uncommon
Common Mallard, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Present Native Common
Common White-fronted Goose, Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons Present Native Occasional
Canvasback Aythya valisineria Present Native Rare
Canada Goose, Eastern Canada Goose Branta canadensis Present Native Abundant
chimney swift Chaetura pelagica Present Native Uncommon
chuck-will's-widow Caprimulgus carolinensis Present Native Rare
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor Present Native Rare
Common Dovekie, Dovekie Alle alle Present Native Rare
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia Present Native Rare
Common Tern, Northern Common Tern Sterna hirundo Present Native Common
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea Present Native Occasional
Common Snipe, Wilson's Common Snipe, Wilson's Snipe Gallinago gallinago Present Native Uncommon
Canada Ruffed Grouse, Partridge, Ruffed Grouse, Timber Grouse Bonasa umbellus Present Native Rare
Common Loon, Greater Common Loon Gavia immer Present Native Common
Common Gallinule, Common Moorhen, Florida Gallinule Gallinula chloropus Present Native Rare
Clapper Rail, Northern Clapper Rail Rallus longirostris Present Native Rare
cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Present Native Common
Common Raven, Northern Raven, Raven Corvus corax Present Native Occasional
Common Lapland Longspur, Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus Present Native Uncommon
Chestnut-collared Longspur Calcarius ornatus Present Native Occasional
Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida Present Native Rare
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present Native Common
Common Redpoll, Greater Redpoll, Mealy Redpoll Carduelis flammea Present Native Rare
Coues' Hoary Redpoll, Hoary Redpoll Carduelis hornemanni Present Native Occasional
Canadian Pine Grosbeak, Newfoundland Pine Grosbeak, Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator Present Native Rare
Cliff swallow Hirundo pyrrhonota Present Native Rare
common grackle Quiscalus quiscula Present Native Abundant
cerulean warbler Dendroica cerulea Present Native Rare
chestnut-sided warbler Dendroica pensylvanica Present Native Uncommon
cape may warbler Dendroica tigrina Present Native Uncommon
common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Present Native Common
connecticut warbler Oporornis agilis Present Native Occasional
Common Oven-bird, Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapillus Present Native Common
canada warbler Wilsonia canadensis Present Native Uncommon
carolina wren Thryothorus ludovicianus Present Native Common
Cassin's Kingbird Tyrannus vociferans Present Native Occasional
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Present Native Occasional
Cory's Cinereous Shearwater, Cory's Shearwater, North Atlantic Shearwater Calonectris diomedea Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Dunlin, Red-backed Dunlin, Red-backed Sandpiper Calidris alpina Present Native Abundant
Dickcissel Spiza americana Present Native Rare
dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis Present Native Common
downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens Present Native Common
Double-crested Cormorant, Northern Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Goshawk, Goshawk, Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Present Native Rare
Eurasian Wigeon, European Widgeon, Widgeon Anas penelope Present Native Occasional
Eastern Harlequin Duck, Harlequin Duck Histrionicus histrionicus Present Native Rare
Eastern White-winged Scoter, White-winged Coot, White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca Present Native Abundant
Eastern Piping Plover, Piping Plover Charadrius melodus Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Iceland Gull, Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Glaucous Gull, Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus Present Native Rare
Eastern Least Tern, Least Tern Sterna antillarum Present Native Common
Elegant Tern Sterna elegans Present Native Occasional
Eastern Sooty Tern, Sooty Tern Sterna fuscata Present Native Occasional
Eastern Willet, Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus Present Native Common
Eastern Dowitcher, Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus Present Native Abundant
Eskimo Curlew Numenius borealis Not In Park Native - -
Eastern Solitary Sandpiper, Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Pigeon Hawk, Merlin, Pigeon Hawk Falco columbarius Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Lark Sparrow, Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus Present Native Rare
Eastern Savannah Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Present Native Common
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Present Native Common
Eastern Snow Bunting, Snow Bunting, Snowflake Plectrophenax nivalis Present Native Common
Eastern Vesper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Present Native Rare
evening grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus Present Native Rare
eastern meadowlark Sturnella magna Present Native Uncommon
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present Non-native Common
eastern bluebird Sialia sialis Present Native Uncommon
eastern wood-pewee Contopus virens Present Native Common
eastern phoebe Sayornis phoebe Present Native Rare
eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Present Native Common
Eastern Green Heron, Green heron, Green-backed Heron Butorides virescens Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Glossy Ibis, Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus Present Native Rare
Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis Present Native Occasional
Eastern Screech-Owl, Screech Owl Otus asio Present Native Uncommon
European Cormorant, Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor Present Native Occasional
Franklin's Gull Larus pipixcan Present Native Occasional
Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri Present Native Uncommon
Fish crow Corvus ossifragus Present Native Uncommon
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca Present Native Uncommon
field sparrow Spizella pusilla Present Native Uncommon
Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca Present Native Uncommon
Gadwall Anas strepera Present Native Rare
Greater Scaup, Greater Scaup Duck Aythya marila Present Native Uncommon
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus Present Native Abundant
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica Present Native Occasional
Greater Yellowlegs, Greater Yellow-legs Tringa melanoleuca Present Native Abundant
Great Skua Catharacta skua Present Native Occasional
grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum Present Native Rare
Great Gray Shrike, Northern Shrike Lanius excubitor Present Native Rare
gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis Present Native Common
Greenland Wheatear, Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe Present Native Occasional
golden-winged warbler Vermivora chrysoptera Present Native Occasional
golden-crowned kinglet Regulus satrapa Present Native Common
gray-cheeked thrush Catharus minimus Present Native Rare
great crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Present Native Common
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present Native Common
Greater Shearwater Puffinus gravis Present Native Common
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Common
Gannet, Northern Gannet Morus bassanus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus Present Native Uncommon
Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica Present Native Uncommon
Hudsonian Curlew, Hudsonian Whimbrel, Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus Present Native Common
horned lark Eremophila alpestris Present Native Common
Henslow's sparrow Ammodramus henslowii Present Native Occasional
house finch Carpodacus mexicanus Present Non-native Common
hooded warbler Wilsonia citrina Present Native Rare
house sparrow Passer domesticus Present Non-native Common
house wren Troglodytes aedon Present Native Uncommon
hermit thrush Catharus guttatus Present Native Uncommon
hairy woodpecker Picoides villosus Present Native Uncommon
Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus Present Native Uncommon
Holboell's Grebe, Holboell's Red-necked Grebe, Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Uncommon
Intermediate Sharp-tailed Sparrow, Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sparrow Ammodramus caudacutus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
King Eider Somateria spectabilis Present Native Occasional
Killdeer, Northern Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Present Native Rare
King Rail, Northern King Rail Rallus elegans Present Native Occasional
kentucky warbler Oporornis formosus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lesser Scaup, Lesser Scaup Duck Aythya affinis Present Native Uncommon
Long-tailed Duck, Old Squaw, Oldsquaw Clangula hyemalis Present Native Common
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla Present Native Common
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus Present Native Rare
Little Gull Larus minutus Present Native Rare
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla Present Native Abundant
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus Present Native Rare
Long-billed Curlew, Southern Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus Present Native Occasional
Lesser Yellowlegs, Lesser Yellow-legs Tringa flavipes Present Native Common
Long-tailed Jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus Present Native Occasional
Le Conte's Sparrow, LeConte's Sparrow Ammodramus leconteii Present Native Occasional
Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys Present Native Occasional
Lincoln's Sparrow, Northern Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Present Native Uncommon
loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus Present Native Occasional
Louisana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla Present Native Occasional
Long-billed Marsh Wren, Marsh Wren, Prairie Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris Present Native Rare
least flycatcher Empidonax minimus Present Native Uncommon
Little Blue Heron, Northern Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea Present Native Rare
Least Bittern, Eastern Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis Present Native Rare
Leach's Petrel, Leach's Storm-Petrel, Northern Leach's Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis Present Native Rare
Mute Swan Cygnus olor Present Non-native Uncommon
Mountain Plover Charadrius montanus Not In Park Native - -
Mew gull Larus canus Present Native Occasional
Marbled godwit Limosa fedoa Present Native Rare
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Abundant
magnolia warbler Dendroica magnolia Present Native Common
mourning warbler Oporornis philadelphia Present Native Rare
Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides Present Native Occasional
Manx Common Shearwater, Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus Present Native Uncommon
Magnificent Frigatebird, Man-o'-War-Bird Fregata magnificens Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Present Native Uncommon
Northern shoveler, Shoveller Anas clypeata Present Native Rare
Northern Ruddy Duck, Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Present Native Rare
Northern Razor-billed Auk, Razorbill Alca torda Present Native Common
Northern Roseate Tern, Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii Present Native Common
Northern Sabine's Gull, Sabine's Gull Xema sabini Present Native Occasional
Northern Phalarope, Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus Present Native Rare
northern bobwhite Colinus virginianus Present Native Uncommon
Northern Virginia Rail, Virginia Rail Rallus limicola Present Native Uncommon
northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Present Native Common
Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow Ammodramus nelsoni Present Native Rare
northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Present Native Uncommon
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Present Native Common
northern parula Parula americana Present Native Common
Northern Waterthrush, Northern Water-Thrush Seiurus noveboracensis Present Native Uncommon
nashville warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Present Native Uncommon
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present Native Common
Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus Present Native Rare
Northern Short-eared Owl, Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
osprey Pandion haliaetus Present Native Uncommon
orchard oriole Icterus spurius Present Native Uncommon
orange-crowned warbler Vermivora celata Present Native Rare
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus borealis Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima Present Native Occasional
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos Present Native Uncommon
Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus Present Native Uncommon
Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus Present Native Uncommon
Pheasant, Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Present Non-native Uncommon
Pacific Loon Gavia pacifica Present Native Occasional
Painted Bunting Passerina ciris Present Native Occasional
Pine siskin Carduelis pinus Present Native Uncommon
purple finch Carpodacus purpureus Present Native Uncommon
purple martin Progne subis Present Native Rare
prairie warbler Dendroica discolor Present Native Uncommon
palm warbler Dendroica palmarum Present Native Common
pine warbler Dendroica pinus Present Native Common
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea Present Native Rare
Philadelphia vireo Vireo philadelphicus Present Native Uncommon
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present Native Common
red-shouldered hawk Buteo lineatus Present Native Rare
Redhead Aythya americana Present Native Occasional
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Present Native Uncommon
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator Present Native Abundant
ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris Present Native Uncommon
Ringed Plover, Semipalmated Plover, Semipalmated Ringed Plover Charadrius semipalmatus Present Native Abundant
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Present Native Common
Royal Tern Sterna maxima Present Native Rare
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres Present Native Common
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis Present Native Occasional
Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicaria Present Native Rare
Ruff Philomachus pugnax Present Native Occasional
rock dove Columba livia Present Non-native Uncommon
Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata Present Native Abundant
rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus Present Native Uncommon
Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra Present Native Rare
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Abundant
rusty blackbird Euphagus carolinus Present Native Uncommon
ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula Present Native Common
red-breasted nuthatch Sitta canadensis Present Native Uncommon
red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus Present Native Common
Reddish Egret Egretta rufescens Present Native Occasional
red-bellied woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus Present Native Rare
red-headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sharp-shinned hawk Accipiter striatus Present Native Occasional
Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni Present Native Occasional
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus Present Native Occasional
Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata Present Native Common
Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis Present Native Occasional
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia Present Native Uncommon
Sanderling Calidris alba Present Native Abundant
Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus Present Native Rare
Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla Present Native Abundant
South Polar Skua Catharacta maccormicki Present Native Occasional
Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis Present Native Occasional
Sora Rail, Sora Porzana carolina Present Native Uncommon
Seaside Sparrow Ammodramus maritimus Present Native Rare
swamp sparrow Melospiza georgiana Present Native Common
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Present Native Common
Sprague's Pipit Anthus spragueii Present Native Occasional
Swainson's warbler Limnothlypis swainsonii Present Native Occasional
scarlet tanager Piranga olivacea Present Native Uncommon
summer tanager Piranga rubra Present Native Rare
Sedge Wren, Short-billed Marsh Wren, Short-billed Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis Present Native Occasional
swainson's thrush Catharus ustulatus Present Native Uncommon
Say's Phoebe Sayornis saya Present Native Occasional
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus Present Native Occasional
Snowy Egret Egretta thula Present Native Uncommon
Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus Present Native Common
Snowy Owl Nyctea scandiaca Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Uncommon
Tundra Swan, Whistling Swan Cygnus columbianus Present Native Occasional
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Present Native Uncommon
Tufted Titmouse Parus bicolor Present Native Common
Townsend's Warbler Dendroica townsendi Present Native Occasional
tennessee warbler Vermivora peregrina Present Native Rare
Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Violet-green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina Present Native Occasional
veery Catharus fuscescens Present Native Uncommon
Varied Thrush Ixoreus naevius Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Wood Duck Aix sponsa Present Native Uncommon
whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus Present Native Common
Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia Present Native Occasional
White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis Present Native Uncommon
Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri Present Native Uncommon
Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor Present Native Rare
White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica Present Native Occasional
Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo Present Native Uncommon
white-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Present Native Common
white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Present Native Uncommon
White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera Present Native Rare
Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta Present Native Occasional
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorus Present Native Rare
wilson's warbler Wilsonia pusilla Present Native Uncommon
white-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Present Native Common
Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana Present Native Occasional
winter wren Troglodytes troglodytes Present Native Uncommon
wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina Present Native Rare
willow flycatcher Empidonax traillii Present Native Rare
warbling vireo Vireo gilvus Present Native Rare
white-eyed vireo Vireo griseus Present Native Rare
Western Grebe Aechmophorus occidentalis Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Present Native Uncommon
Yellow Rail Coturnicops noveboracensis Present Native Occasional
Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Present Native Rare
yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata Present Native Abundant
yellow-throated warbler Dendroica dominica Present Native Occasional
yellow warbler Dendroica petechia Present Native Common
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens Present Native Rare
yellow-bellied flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris Present Native Rare
yellow-throated vireo Vireo flavifrons Present Native Rare
Yellow-crowned Night Heron, Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax violaceus Present Native Rare
yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Present Native Uncommon

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Atlantic Loggerhead Turtle Caretta caretta Present Native Uncommon
Atlantic hawksbill, Atlantic Hawksbill Seaturtle, Atlantic hawksbill turtle Eretmochelys imbricata imbricata Present Native Occasional
Atlantic ridley, Atlantic ridley sea turtle, Kemp's Ridley, Kemp's ridley sea turtle Lepidochelys kempii Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
common snapping turtle Chelydra serpentina Present Native Common
Central Painted Turtle, Eastern Painted Turtle, Midland Painted Turtle, Painted Turtle Chrysemys picta Present Native Common
common musk turtle Sternotherus odoratus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern hognose snake Heterodon platirhinos Present Native Rare
Eastern Milk Snake Lampropeltis triangulum triangulum Present Native Uncommon
EASTERN RIBBON SNAKE Thamnophis sauritus sauritus Present Native Common
Eastern garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Box Turtle Terrapene carolina carolina Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green Sea Turtle Chelonia mydas mydas Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Leatherback Dermochelys coriacea coriacea Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern black racer Coluber constrictor constrictor Present Native Common
Northern Ringneck Snake Diadophis punctatus edwardsii Present Native Abundant
Northern Water Snake Nerodia sipedon sipedon Present Native Rare
Northern diamondback terrapin Malaclemys terrapin terrapin Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Spotted Turtle Clemmys guttata Present Native Rare

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bullfrog Rana catesbeiana Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
EASTERN SPADEFOOT Scaphiopus holbrookii holbrookii Present Native Common
Eastern Red-backed Salamander, Northern Redback Salamander, Red-backed Salamander Plethodon cinereus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fowler's toad Bufo fowleri Present Native Abundant
FROG, GREEN Rana clamitans melanota Present Native Abundant
Four-toed Salamander Hemidactylium scutatum Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Gray Treefrog, Rain Toad, Tree Toad Hyla versicolor Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pickerel frog Rana palustris Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-spotted newt Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
spring peeper Pseudacris crucifer Present Native Abundant
spotted salamander Ambystoma maculatum Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
wood frog Rana sylvatica Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Eel, Common Eel, Eel Anguilla rostrata Present Native Common
Atlantic Silverside Menidia menidia Present Native Abundant
Alewife Alosa pseudoharengus Present Native Common
American shad, Atlantic shad, common shad, white shad Alosa sapidissima Present Native Unknown
Atlantic Herring Clupea harengus Present Native Unknown
Atlantic Cod Gadus morhua Probably Present Unknown - -
Atlantic tomcod Microgadus tomcod Probably Present Unknown - -
American Sand Lance Ammodytes americanus Present Unknown Unknown
Atlantic mackerel Scomber scombrus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Arctic shanny Stichaeus punctatus Probably Present Unknown - -
American plaice Hippoglossoides platessoides Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Blueback Herring Alosa aestivalis Probably Present Native - -
Bay Anchovy Anchoa mitchilli Probably Present Unknown - -
Bridle Shiner Notropis bifrenatus Probably Present Unknown - -
Banded Killifish, Top Minnow Fundulus diaphanus Present Native Common
Brook Stickleback, Threespine Stickleback, Three-spined Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus Present Unknown Unknown
Blackspotted Stickleback, Twospine Stickleback Gasterosteus wheatlandi Probably Present Unknown - -
black mullet, gray mullet, striped mullet Mugil cephalus Probably Present Unknown - -
Bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix Present Native Common
Black Sea Bass Centropristis striata Probably Present Unknown - -
butterfish Poronotus triacanthus Present Unknown Unknown
Brown Trout, Loch Leven Brown Trout, Scotch Sea-trout Salmo trutta Present Non-native Unknown
Brook Trout, Native Brook Trout Salvelinus fontinalis Present Non-native Unknown
Brown Bullhead Ameiurus nebulosus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Conger Eel Conger oceanicus Probably Present Unknown - -
Common Sucker, White Sucker Catostomus commersoni Present Native Unknown
Common Mummichog, Mummichog Fundulus heteroclitus Present Native Abundant
Chain pickerel, Common Pickerel Esox niger Present Native Common
Crevalle Jack Caranx hippos Probably Present Unknown - -
Common Sunfish, Pumpkinseed, Pumpkinseed Sunfish Lepomis gibbosus Present Unknown Abundant
Cunner Tautogolabrus adspersus Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fourbeard rockling Enchelyopus cimbrius Present Unknown Unknown
Fourspine Stickleback Apeltes quadracus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Golden Shiner Notemigonus crysoleucas Present Unknown Abundant
Grubby Myoxocephalus aenaeus Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hickory shad Alosa mediocris Probably Present Unknown - -
Hogchoker Trinectes maculatus Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
inland silverside Menidia beryllina Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
King-whiting, Northern Kingfish Menticirrhus saxatilis Present Native Unknown
Kamloops Trout, Rainbow Trout, Steelhead Trout, Steel-head Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lookdown Selene vomer Probably Present Unknown - -
Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides Present Unknown Common
little skate Raja erinacea Present Unknown Unknown
Lumpfish Cyclopterus lumpus Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Menhaden Brevoortia tyrannus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ninespine Stickleback, Ninespined Stickleback Pungitius pungitius Present Native Common
Northern Pipefish Syngnathus fuscus Present Native Common
Naked Goby Gobiosoma bosc Probably Present Unknown - -
Northern Puffer Sphoeroides maculatus Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pollock Pollachius virens Probably Present Unknown - -
Planehead Filefish Monacanthus hispidus Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Red Hake Urophycis chuss Probably Present Unknown - -
Round Scad Decapterus punctatus Probably Present Unknown - -
Rock gunnel Pholis gunnellus Probably Present Unknown - -
Radiated shanny Ulvaria subbifurcata Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Striped Anchovy Anchoa hepsetus Probably Present Unknown - -
sheepshead minnow Cyprinodon variegatus Present Native Uncommon
Striped Mummichog Fundulus majalis Present Native Common
Small Mouthed Black-bass, Smallmouth Bass, Small-mouthed Bass Micropterus dolomieu Present Unknown Common
striped bass Morone saxatilis Present Native Unknown
Spot Leiostomus xanthurus Probably Present Unknown - -
Scup Stenotomus chrysops Probably Present Unknown - -
Smallmouth Flounder Etropus microstomus Present Unknown Unknown
Summer Flounder Paralichthys dentatus Probably Present Unknown - -
Shorthorn sculpin Myoxocephalus scorpius Present Native Unknown
Striped Searobin Prionotus evolans Probably Present Unknown - -
Spiny Dogfish Squalus acanthias Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Tautog Tautoga onitis Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
White hake Urophycis tenuis Probably Present Unknown - -
White Mullet Mugil curema Probably Present Unknown - -
White Perch Morone americana Present Native Common
Winter Flounder Pseudopleuronectes americanus Present Native Uncommon
Windowpane Flounder Scophthalmus aquosus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Yellow Perch Perca flavescens Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
arrow-arum Peltandra virginica Present Native Occasional
American holly Ilex opaca Present Native Occasional
asparagus Asparagus officinalis Present Non-native Uncommon
Adam's needle Yucca filamentosa Present Non-native Occasional
Arethusa, Swamp Pink Arethusa bulbosa Present Native Rare
annual ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia Present Native Common
aster Aster - - - - - -
American pokeweed, common pokeweed, inkberry, pigeonberry, poke, pokeberry, pokeweed Phytolacca americana Present Native Common
Asiatic Bittersweet Celastrus orbiculata Present Non-native Abundant
Asiatic dayflower Commelina communis Present Non-native Occasional
Atlantic white cedar, Atlantic white-cedar, southern white cedar, southern white-cedar Chamaecyparis thyoides Present Native Uncommon
arrowwood, arrow-wood viburnum, southern arrowwood Viburnum dentatum Present Native Common
arrow-wood Viburnum recognitum Present Native Unknown
American twinflower, northern twinflower, twinflower Linnaea borealis Present Native Unknown
Alfalfa, Lucerne Medicago sativa Present Non-native Unknown
alfalfa Medicago sativa ssp. sativa Present Non-native Unknown
American hazelnut Corylus americana Present Native Rare
American beech Fagus grandifolia Present Native Occasional
alfilaria Erodium cicutarium Present Non-native Unknown
American Germander Teucrium canadense Present Native Common
arrowleaf violet, arrow-leaved violet Viola sagittata Present Native Unknown
American basswood Tilia americana var. americana Present Native Occasional
American waterlily, American white waterlily, white waterlily Nymphaea odorata Present Native Abundant
Adder's Tongue Ophioglossum pusillum Not In Park Native - -
Atlantic sedge, prickly bog sedge Carex atlantica ssp. atlantica Present Native Occasional
Awl Sedge Carex stipata Present Native Unknown
autumn fimbry Fimbristylis autumnalis Present Native Unknown
American Great Bulrush Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani Present Native Unknown
awnless brome, smooth brome Bromus inermis Present Native Unknown
Addison's rosette grass Dichanthelium ovale var. addisonii Present Native Rare
annual bluegrass Poa annua Present Non-native Common
asplenium ladyfern Athyrium filix-femina ssp. asplenioides Present Native Unknown
autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata Present Non-native Common
- - Amelanchier laevis X canadensis Not In Park Unknown - -
Avens Geum canadense Present Native Unknown
apple Malus - - - - - -
American elm Ulmus americana Present Native Uncommon
American nightshade Solanum ptychanthum Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Bigleaf Pondweed Potamogeton amplifolius Present Native Occasional
Bulb-bearing Water Hemlock Cicuta bulbifera Present Native Common
Black Snakeroot, Sanicle Sanicula marilandica Present Native Unknown
Bristly Sarsaparilla Aralia hispida Present Native Common
- - Baccharis halimifolia Present Native Common
beggartick, beggarticks, devil's sticktight, Spanish needles Bidens - - - - - -
Brown knapweed Centaurea jacea Present Non-native Unknown
Black knapweed Centaurea nigra Present Non-native Common
bull thistle Cirsium vulgare Present Non-native Occasional
burnweed Erechtites hieracifolia Present Native Common
Butterweed, Hogweed, Horseweed Erigeron canadensis Present Native Unknown
blanket flower Gaillardia pulchella Present Native Uncommon
bristly hawkbit Leontodon hastilis var. vulgaris Present Non-native Unknown
big hawkbit Leontodon hispidus Present Non-native Unknown
blowball, common dandelion, dandelion, faceclock Taraxacum officinale Present Native Common
Buckbean Menyanthes trifoliata Present Native Uncommon
Black Mustard Brassica nigra Present Non-native Common
bittercress Cardamine - - - - - -
bassia Bassia hirsuta Present Non-native Uncommon
big chickweed Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare Present Non-native Unknown
Blunt-leaved or Grove Sandwort Moehringia lateriflora Present Native Unknown
Birdseye Sagina procumbens Present Non-native Unknown
bouncingbet Saponaria officinalis Present Non-native Common
Bladder Campion Silene vulgaris Present Non-native Unknown
Buckwheat Fagopyrum esculentum Present Non-native Occasional
bushy knotweed Polygonum ramosissimum var. prolificum Present Native Unknown
bristle dock, golden dock Rumex maritimus Present Native Occasional
bitter doc Rumex obtusifolius Present Non-native Unknown
Bunchberry Cornus canadensis Present Native Uncommon
blackgum Nyssa sylvatica Present Native Common
Bog Rosemary Andromeda polifolia var. glaucophylla Present Native Unknown
Bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Present Native Abundant
Broom Crowberry Corema conradii Present Native Occasional
Black Crowberry Empetrum nigrum Present Native Unknown
Black Huckleberry Gaylussacia baccata Present Native Abundant
blue huckleberry, dangleberry Gaylussacia frondosa Present Native Uncommon
blueberry Vaccinium fuscatum Present Native Uncommon
Blue Ridge blueberry Vaccinium pallidum Present Native Common
beach pea Lathyrus japonicus Present Native Abundant
Beach Pea Lathyrus japonicus var. maritimus Present Native Unknown
Beach Pea Lathyrus japonicus var. pellitus Present Native Unknown
Black Medick Medicago lupulina Present Non-native Unknown
Bristly Locust Robinia hispida Present Native Common
black locust Robinia pseudoacacia Present Non-native Common
bitter milkwort, racemed milkwort Polygala polygama Present Native Occasional
birch Betula - - - - - -
black birch, sweet birch Betula lenta Present Native Occasional
Beaked Hazelnut Corylus cornuta Present Native Rare
black oak Quercus velutina Present Native Abundant
bluntleaf milkweed, blunt-leaved milkweed, clasping milkweed, sand milkweed Asclepias amplexicaulis Present Native Uncommon
butterfly milkweed Asclepias tuberosa Present Native Rare
bedstraw Galium tinctorium Present Native Unknown
bedstraw Galium trifidum Present Native Unknown
blue curls, forked bluecurls Trichostema dichotomum Present Native Unknown
bladderwort Utricularia - - - - - -
bladderwort Utricularia geminiscapa Present Native Uncommon
beechdrops Epifagus virginiana Present Native Occasional
Butter-and-eggs Linaria vulgaris Present Non-native Common
Blue toadflax Nuttallanthus canadensis Present Native Common
Blue Vervain Verbena hastata Present Native Occasional
bristly greenbrier Smilax tamnoides Present Native Occasional
Bog Clubmoss Lycopodiella inundata Present Native Occasional
Bicknell's St. John's-wort Hypericum dissimulatum Present Native Unknown
balm-of-Gilead Populus X jackii Present Native Uncommon
black willow Salix nigra Present Native Occasional
bog white violet Viola lanceolata ssp. lanceolata Present Native Unknown
bushy rockrose Helianthemum dumosum Present Native Rare
beach pinweed Lechea maritima var. subcylindrica Not In Park Unknown - -
basswood Tilia - - - - - -
broadleaf enchanter's nightshade Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis Present Native Uncommon
Balsam Fir Abies balsamea Present Native Rare
black pine Pinus nigra Present Non-native Occasional
Bladder Sedge Carex intumescens Present Native Common
Black Sedge Carex nigra Present Native Common
blackfruit spikerush Eleocharis melanocarpa Present Native Unknown
blunt spike-rush Eleocharis obtusa Present Native Unknown
Bright Green Spike-rush Eleocharis olivacea Present Native Unknown
beaksedge Rhynchospora - - - - - -
beak-rush Rhynchospora capitellata Present Native Common
Brown Beak-rush Rhynchospora fusca Present Native Unknown
bulrush, bulrushes Scirpus - - - - - -
blackgirdle bulrush Scirpus atrocinctus Present Native Unknown
Beak rush Juncus - - - - - -
Baltic rush Juncus balticus Present Native Unknown
black grass Juncus gerardii Present Native Occasional
Bayonet Rush Juncus militaris Present Native Abundant
Beach Rush Juncus pelocarpus Present Native Common
bentgrass Agrostis - - - - - -
beachgrass Ammophila - - - - - -
Beachgrass Ammophila breviligulata Present Native Abundant
bushy bluestem Andropogon glomeratus var. glomeratus Present Native Unknown
Bromegrass Bromus hordeaceus Present Non-native Unknown
Bromegrass Bromus tectorum Present Non-native Common
burgrass, field sandbur, innocent-weed, longspine sandbur, mat sandbur, sandbur Cenchrus longispinus Present Native Common
Blunt Mannagrass Glyceria obtusa Present Native Occasional
bog muhly Muhlenbergia uniflora Present Native Rare
blackseed needlegrass, blackseed speargrass Piptochaetium avenaceum Present Native Unknown
bristlegrass Setaria - - - - - -
Bur Reed Sparganium androcladum Present Native Unknown
broadleaf cattail Typha latifolia Present Native Occasional
bracken fern Pteridium aquilinum Present Native Unknown
bracken fern Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum Present Native Common
bracken fern Pteridium aquilinum var. pseudocaudatum Present Native Unknown
Boott's woodfern Dryopteris X boottii Present Native Unknown
blister buttercup Ranunculus sceleratus Present Native Unknown
Black Chokeberry Photinia melanocarpa Present Native Common
Beach Plum Prunus maritima Present Native Abundant
Black Cherry Prunus serotina Present Native Abundant
blackthorn Prunus spinosa Present Non-native Rare
blackberry, brambles Rubus - - - - - -
bristly dewberry Rubus hispidus Present Native Common
black raspberry Rubus occidentalis Present Native Common
bastard toadflax Comandra umbellata Present Native Unknown
buttonbush dodder Cuscuta cephalanthi Present Native Unknown
Black Nightshade Solanum nigrum Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Arrrowhead Sagittaria latifolia Present Native Common
common duckweed, least duckweed, lesser duckweed Lemna minor Present Native Occasional
Clasping-leaved Pondweed Potamogeton perfoliatus Present Native Unknown
Cow Parsnip Heracleum maximum Present Native Occasional
Common Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium angustifolium Present Native Occasional
coastalplain blueeyed grass Sisyrinchium fuscatum Present Native Unknown
Common Lady's Slipper, Moccasin Flower Cypripedium acaule Present Native Occasional
common yarrow Achillea millefolium Present Non-native Common
Common Ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia var. elatior Present Native Occasional
Cuman ragweed, perennial ragweed, western ragweed Ambrosia psilostachya Present Native Unknown
corn chamomile Anthemis arvensis Present Non-native Unknown
Chicory Cichorium intybus Present Non-native Common
Canada Thistle Cirsium arvense Present Non-native Occasional
Canadian horseweed Erigeron canadensis var. pusillus Present Native Occasional
common boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum Present Native Common
Catfoot Gnaphalium obtusifolium Present Native Unknown
Canada Hawkweed Hieracium canadense Present Non-native Unknown
Canada hawkweed Hieracium canadense var. fasciculatum Present Native Unknown
cat's-ear Hypochaeris radicata Present Non-native Unknown
Canada lettuce Lactuca canadensis Present Native Unknown
China lettuce, prickly lettuce, wild lettuce Lactuca serriola Present Non-native Unknown
climbing hempvine, climbing hempweed Mikania scandens Present Native Uncommon
Canada Goldenrod Solidago canadensis Present Native Occasional
coastal goldenrod Solidago latissimifolia Present Native Common
Canada cocklebur, Canada cockleburr, cocklebur, common cocklebur, rough cocklebur, rough cockleburr Xanthium strumarium var. canadense Present Native Occasional
Cardinal Flower Lobelia cardinalis Present Native Rare
Charlock Sinapis arvensis Present Non-native Unknown
crested saltbush Atriplex cristata Present Native Occasional
common lambsquarters, lambsquarters, white goosefoot Chenopodium album var. album Present Non-native Unknown
clammy goosefoot, ridged goosefoot Chenopodium pumilio Present Non-native Unknown
Common Saltwort Salsola kali Present Non-native Uncommon
common mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium fontanum Present Non-native Unknown
Corn Spurry Spergula arvensis Present Non-native Unknown
Carpetweed Mollugo verticillata Present Native Uncommon
colored smartweed, devil's shoestring, longroot smartweed, swamp smartweed, tanweed Polygonum amphibium var. emersum Present Native Unknown
curltop ladysthumb, curlytop knotweed, curlytop smartweed, dock-leaf smartweed, nodding smartweed, pale smartweed Polygonum lapathifolium Present Native Occasional
climbing false-buckwheat Polygonum scandens Present Native Unknown
climbing false buckwheat Polygonum scandens var. cristatum Present Native Unknown
climbing false-buckwheat Polygonum scandens var. scandens Present Native Unknown
common sheep sorrel Rumex acetosella Present Non-native Abundant
Curly dock Rumex crispus Present Non-native Occasional
common hornwort, coon's tail, coon's-tail, coontail, hornwort Ceratophyllum demersum Present Native Common
common water hyacinth, common water-hyacinth, floating water hyacinth, floating waterhyacinth, lirio acuatico, mbekambekairanga, water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes Present Non-native Unknown
Common Elder Sambucus canadensis Present Native Uncommon
common elderberry Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis Present Native Uncommon
common persimmon Diospyros virginiana Present Native Rare
Clammy Azalea, Swamp Honeysuckle Rhododendron viscosum Present Native Abundant
Chinese lespedeza Lespedeza cuneata Present Non-native Common
Cow Vetch, Tufted Vetch Vicia cracca Present Non-native Occasional
cow vetch Vicia cracca ssp. tenuifolia Present Non-native Unknown
chinkapin oak Quercus prinoides Present Native Uncommon
Common Milkweed Asclepias syriaca Present Native Common
common periwinkle Vinca minor Present Non-native Unknown
common buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Present Native Common
Carolina geranium Geranium carolinianum var. carolinianum Present Native Unknown
Catnip Nepeta cataria Present Non-native Unknown
common selfheal Prunella vulgaris Present Native Unknown
conespur bladderpod Utricularia gibba Present Native Uncommon
Common Privet Ligustrum vulgare Present Non-native Occasional
Common Lilac Syringa vulgaris Present Non-native Unknown
Cowwheat Melampyrum lineare Present Native Unknown
common cow-wheat Melampyrum lineare var. lineare Present Native Occasional
Common Plantain Plantago major Present Native Common
corn speedwell Veronica arvensis Present Non-native Unknown
Common Mullein Verbascum thapsus Present Non-native Occasional
cat greenbrier Smilax glauca Present Native Unknown
Cypress Spurge Euphorbia cyparissias Present Non-native Abundant
Canada St. Johnswort Hypericum canadense Present Native Common
Common St. Johnswort Hypericum perforatum Present Non-native Common
Crack Willow Salix fragilis Present Non-native Unknown
creeping sunrose Helianthemum propinquum Present Native Occasional
Common Mallow, Cheeses Malva neglecta Present Non-native Unknown
common evening primrose Oenothera biennis Present Native Common
cutleaf grapefern Botrychium dissectum Present Native Uncommon
Cinnamon Fern Osmunda cinnamomea Present Native Common
common yellow oxalis Oxalis stricta Present Native Common
carex, sedge, sedge species, sedges Carex - - - - - -
common fox sedge Carex vulpinoidea Present Native Unknown
Creeping Spike-rush Eleocharis palustris Present Native Unknown
cotton-grass Eriophorum tenellum Present Native Unknown
chairmaker's bulrush Schoenoplectus americanus Present Native Occasional
cosmopolitan bulrush Schoenoplectus maritimus Present Native Unknown
common rush Juncus effusus Present Native Common
common rush Juncus effusus var. conglomeratus Present Native Unknown
common rush Juncus effusus var. pylaei Present Native Unknown
Common Woodrush Luzula multiflora ssp. frigida Present Native Unknown
Common Woodrush Luzula multiflora ssp. multiflora Present Native Unknown
Canada Bluejoint Calamagrostis canadensis Present Native Common
Common Hairgrass Deschampsia flexuosa Present Native Common
cypress panicgrass Dichanthelium dichotomum Present Native Unknown
coast cockspur grass Echinochloa walteri Present Native Occasional
Common Darnel, Perennial Ryegrass Lolium perenne Present Non-native Common
Common Reed Phragmites australis Present Native Abundant
common reed Phragmites communis Present Non-native Abundant
Canada bluegrass Poa compressa Present Non-native Common
Crested Wood Fern Dryopteris cristata Present Native Unknown
cliff fern Woodsia - - - - - -
Common Barberry Berberis vulgaris Present Non-native Unknown
Celandine Chelidonium majus Present Non-native Unknown
Creeping Buttercup Ranunculus repens Present Non-native Unknown
Common Hop Humulus lupulus Present Non-native Unknown
Common Buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica Present Non-native Occasional
chokeberry Aronia - - - - - -
chokecherry Aronia virginiana Not In Park Unknown - -
cinquefoil Potentilla inclinata Present Non-native Occasional
common cinquefoil Potentilla simplex Present Native Unknown
Choke Cherry Prunus virginiana Present Native Rare
Common Blackberry Rubus allegheniensis Present Native Common
currant Ribes - - - - - -
Common Dodder, Love Vine Cuscuta gronovii Present Native Unknown
clammy ground-cherry Physalis heterophylla Present Native Unknown
clammy groundcherry Physalis heterophylla var. ambigua Present Native Unknown