Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Historical Park

Rank: 9

Park Description

Preserving America's early transportation history, the C&O Canal began as a dream of passage to Western wealth. Operating for nearly 100 years the canal was a lifeline for communities along the Potomac River as coal, lumber and agricultural products floated down the waterway to market. Today it endures as a pathway for discovering historical, natural and recreational treasures!

Park Address

C&O Canal National Historical Park Headquarters

, MD,

Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Historical Park Activites

BIKING

BOATING

CLIMBING

CAMPING

FISHING

HIKING

HORSEBACK RIDING

WILDLIFE VIEWING

PHOTOGRAPHY


Species in Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Historical Park by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Historical Park. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.



 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Beaver, Beaver, Canadian Beaver Castor canadensis Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bobcat Lynx rufus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Black Bear Ursus americanus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
coyote Canis latrans Unconfirmed Native - -
common gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus Present Native Unknown
common otter, North American River Otter, northern river otter, river otter Lontra canadensis Present Native Unknown
Common Muskrat, Muskrat, Musquash, Water Rat Ondatra zibethicus Present Native Unknown
Chickaree, Red Squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Not In Park Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
domestic cat, house cat Felis silvestris Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern red bat Lasiurus borealis Present Native Unknown
Eastern Small-footed Myotis, Small-footed Myotis Myotis leibii Present Native Unknown
evening bat Nycticeius humeralis Not In Park Unknown - -
Eastern Pipistrelle, Northern Georgian Bat Pipistrellus subflavus Present Native Unknown
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Present Native Common
eastern woodrat Neotoma floridana Present Native Unknown
eastern gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis Present Native Common
eastern fox squirrel Sciurus niger Present Native Unknown
eastern chipmunk Tamias striatus Present Native Common
eastern mole Scalopus aquaticus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus Present Native Unknown
house mouse Mus musculus Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Indiana bat Myotis sodalis Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Keen's Myotis, Northern Long-eared Bat, Northern Myotis, Say's Bat Myotis keenii Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata Not In Park Native - -
least weasel Mustela nivalis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
little brown bat Myotis lucifugus Present Native Unknown
least shrew Cryptotis parva Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mink Mustela vison Not In Park Native - -
meadow jumping mouse Zapus hudsonius Present Native Unknown
meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus Present Native Unknown
Masked Shrew Sorex cinereus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Norway rat Rattus norvegicus Present Non-native Unknown
northern short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
prairie deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus Present Unknown Unknown
pygmy shrew Sorex hoyi Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red fox Vulpes vulpes Present Native Unknown
raccoon Procyon lotor Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis Present Native Common
silver-haired bat Lasionycteris noctivagans Present Native Unknown
southern bog lemming Synaptomys cooperi Unconfirmed Unknown - -
southern flying squirrel Glaucomys volans Present Native Unknown
smoky shrew Sorex fumeus Present Native Unknown
southeastern shrew Sorex longirostris Present Native Unknown
Star-nosed Mole Condylura cristata Unconfirmed Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Present Native Abundant
woodland vole Microtus pinetorum Present Native Unknown
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Present Unknown Common
woodchuck Marmota monax Unconfirmed Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Golden Eagle, Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos Probably Present Native - -
American Rough-legged Hawk, Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus Unconfirmed - - - -
American Pintail, Northern Pintail, Pintail Anas acuta Present Native Uncommon
American Wigeon, Baldpate Anas americana Present Native Uncommon
American Black Duck, Black Duck, Common Black Duck, Red-legged Black Duck Anas rubripes Present Native Common
American Golden-eye, Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula Present Native Uncommon
American Common Scoter, American Scoter, Black Scoter, Butter-bill, Common Scoter Melanitta nigra Present - - - -
American Merganser, Common Merganser Mergus merganser Present Native Common
American Golden Plover, American Golden-Plover, Eastern American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica Unconfirmed - - - -
American Black Tern, Black Tern Chlidonias niger Unconfirmed - - - -
American Herring Gull, Herring Gull Larus argentatus Present Native Uncommon
American Avocet, Avocet Recurvirostra americana Unconfirmed - - - -
american woodcock Scolopax minor Present Native Rare
American Peregrine Falcon, Duck Hawk, Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Probably Present Native - -
american kestrel Falco sparverius Present Native Rare
American Coot, Northern American Coot Fulica americana Present Native Unknown
american crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Present Native Abundant
american tree sparrow Spizella arborea Present Native Uncommon
american goldfinch Carduelis tristis Present Native Common
American Pipit, American Water Pipit, Water Pipit Anthus rubescens Unconfirmed - - - -
american redstart Setophaga ruticilla Present Native Common
american robin Turdus migratorius Present Native Abundant
alder flycatcher Empidonax alnorum Unconfirmed - - - -
acadian flycatcher Empidonax virescens Present Native Common
American Egret, Common Egret?, Great Egret Ardea alba Present Native Uncommon
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus Unconfirmed - - - -
Atlantic Wilson's Petrel, Wilson's Petrel, Wilson's Storm-Petrel Oceanites oceanicus - - - - - -
American Long-eared Owl, Long-eared Owl Asio otus Unconfirmed - - - -
Anhinga Anhinga anhinga Unconfirmed - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Buteonine Hawks Buteo - - - - - -
broad-winged hawk Buteo platypterus Present Native Uncommon
Bald Eagle, Northern Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Present Native Uncommon
black vulture Coragyps atratus Present Native Common
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Probably Present Native - -
Bufflehead, Buffle-head Bucephala albeola Present Native Uncommon
Blue Goose, Snow Goose Chen caerulescens Present Native Uncommon
Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola Unconfirmed - - - -
Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia Present Native Occasional
Bartramian Sandpiper, Upland Plover, Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda Unconfirmed - - - -
Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii Unconfirmed - - - -
Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis Unconfirmed - - - -
Belted Kingfisher, Eastern Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Present Native Common
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus Present Native Uncommon
Blue Grosbeak, Eastern Blue Grosbeak Guiraca caerulea Unconfirmed - - - -
Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus Unconfirmed - - - -
Brown Creeper Certhia americana Present Native Uncommon
blue jay Cyanocitta cristata Present Native Common
Bachman's Sparrow Aimophila aestivalis Unconfirmed - - - -
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Uncommon
Bank Swallow, Common Bank Swallow Riparia riparia Present Native Rare
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus Unconfirmed - - - -
Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus Unconfirmed - - - -
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Present Native Abundant
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Native Common
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Present Native Uncommon
Black-capped Chickadee Parus atricapillus Present Native Common
Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus - - - - - -
black-throated blue warbler Dendroica caerulescens Present Native Uncommon
bay-breasted warbler Dendroica castanea Unconfirmed - - - -
blackburnian warbler Dendroica fusca Unconfirmed - - - -
blackpoll warbler Dendroica striata Present Native Uncommon
black-throated green warbler Dendroica virens Present Native Uncommon
black-and-white warbler Mniotilta varia Unconfirmed - - - -
blue-winged warbler Vermivora pinus Present Native Uncommon
blue-gray gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Present Native Abundant
Bewick's Wren, Eastern Bewick's Wren Thryomanes bewickii Unconfirmed - - - -
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius Present Native Uncommon
Black-crowned Night Heron, Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Present Native Common
barred owl Strix varia Present Native Uncommon
Barn Owl, North American Barn Owl Tyto alba Unconfirmed - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
cooper's hawk Accipiter cooperii Present Native Uncommon
Common Mallard, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Present Native Common
Canvasback Aythya valisineria Present Native Occasional
Canada Goose, Eastern Canada Goose Branta canadensis Present Native Abundant
chimney swift Chaetura pelagica Present Native Common
chuck-will's-widow Caprimulgus carolinensis Present Native Rare
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor Unconfirmed - - - -
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia Unconfirmed - - - -
Common Tern, Northern Common Tern Sterna hirundo Unconfirmed - - - -
Common Snipe, Wilson's Common Snipe, Wilson's Snipe Gallinago gallinago Present Unknown Unknown
Canada Ruffed Grouse, Partridge, Ruffed Grouse, Timber Grouse Bonasa umbellus Present Native Uncommon
Common Loon, Greater Common Loon Gavia immer Present Native Rare
Common Gallinule, Common Moorhen, Florida Gallinule Gallinula chloropus Unconfirmed - - - -
cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Present Native Abundant
Crows Corvus - - - - - -
Common Raven, Northern Raven, Raven Corvus corax Present Native Uncommon
Common Lapland Longspur, Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus Unconfirmed - - - -
Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida Unconfirmed - - - -
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present Native Common
Common Redpoll, Greater Redpoll, Mealy Redpoll Carduelis flammea Unconfirmed - - - -
Cliff Swallow, Eastern Cliff Swallow, Eave Swallow, Northern Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Present Native Uncommon
common grackle Quiscalus quiscula Present Native Abundant
Carolina Chickadee Parus carolinensis Present Native Abundant
Carolina Chickadee Poecile carolinensis - - - - - -
cerulean warbler Dendroica cerulea Present Native Uncommon
chestnut-sided warbler Dendroica pensylvanica Present Native Uncommon
cape may warbler Dendroica tigrina Unconfirmed - - - -
common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Present Native Uncommon
connecticut warbler Oporornis agilis Unconfirmed - - - -
Common Oven-bird, Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapillus Present Native Uncommon
canada warbler Wilsonia canadensis Present Unknown Unknown
Chickadee sp. Auriparus - - - - - -
carolina wren Thryothorus ludovicianus Present Native Abundant
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Unconfirmed - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Dunlin, Red-backed Dunlin, Red-backed Sandpiper Calidris alpina Unconfirmed - - - -
Dickcissel Spiza americana Unconfirmed - - - -
dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis Present Native Common
downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens Present Native Abundant
Double-crested Cormorant, Northern Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Goshawk, Goshawk, Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Unconfirmed - - - -
Eastern White-winged Scoter, White-winged Coot, White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca Unconfirmed - - - -
Eastern Iceland Gull, Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides Unconfirmed - - - -
Eastern Willet, Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus Unconfirmed - - - -
Eastern Dowitcher, Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus Unconfirmed - - - -
Eastern Solitary Sandpiper, Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria Unconfirmed - - - -
Eastern Pigeon Hawk, Merlin, Pigeon Hawk Falco columbarius Present Native Unknown
Eastern Savannah Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Present Native Occasional
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Present Native Common
Eastern Snow Bunting, Snow Bunting, Snowflake Plectrophenax nivalis Unconfirmed - - - -
Eastern Vesper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Unconfirmed - - - -
Eurasian Goldfinch, European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis - - - - - -
evening grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus Present Native Occasional
eastern meadowlark Sturnella magna Present Native Uncommon
eurasian sparrow, eurasian tree sparrow, gaga pale Passer montanus - - - - - -
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present Non-native Abundant
eastern bluebird Sialia sialis Present Native Common
eastern wood-pewee Contopus virens Present Native Abundant
eastern phoebe Sayornis phoebe Present Native Common
eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Present Native Common
Eastern Green Heron, Green heron, Green-backed Heron Butorides virescens Present Native Common
Eastern Glossy Ibis, Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus Unconfirmed - - - -
eastern screech-owl Megascops asio - - - - - -
Eastern Screech-Owl, Screech Owl Otus asio Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor Unconfirmed - - - -
Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri Unconfirmed - - - -
Falcons Falco - - - - - -
Fish crow Corvus ossifragus Present Native Common
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca Present Native Rare
field sparrow Spizella pusilla Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca Present Native Rare
Gadwall Anas strepera Present Native Uncommon
Greater Scaup, Greater Scaup Duck Aythya marila Present Native Occasional
Glaucous Gull X Herring Gull (hybrid), Herring Gull X Lesser Black-backed Gull (hybrid) Larus - - - - - -
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus Present Native Uncommon
Greater Yellowlegs, Greater Yellow-legs Tringa melanoleuca Unconfirmed - - - -
grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum Present Native Occasional
gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis Present Native Common
golden-winged warbler Vermivora chrysoptera Present Native Unknown
golden-crowned kinglet Regulus satrapa Present Native Common
gray-cheeked thrush Catharus minimus Unconfirmed - - - -
great crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Present Native Common
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present Native Common
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus Present Native Common
horned lark Eremophila alpestris Unconfirmed - - - -
Henslow's sparrow Ammodramus henslowii Not In Park - - - -
house finch Carpodacus mexicanus Present Non-native Common
hooded warbler Wilsonia citrina Present Native Uncommon
house sparrow Passer domesticus Present Non-native Common
house wren Troglodytes aedon Present Native Abundant
hermit thrush Catharus guttatus Present Native Uncommon
hairy woodpecker Picoides villosus Present Native Common
Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus Present Native Rare
Holboell's Grebe, Holboell's Red-necked Grebe, Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena Unconfirmed - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Killdeer, Northern Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Present Native Common
King Rail, Northern King Rail Rallus elegans Unconfirmed - - - -
kentucky warbler Oporornis formosus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lesser Scaup, Lesser Scaup Duck Aythya affinis Present Native Uncommon
Long-tailed Duck, Old Squaw, Oldsquaw Clangula hyemalis Unconfirmed - - - -
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla Unconfirmed - - - -
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus Probably Present Native - -
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla Unconfirmed - - - -
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus Unconfirmed - - - -
Lesser Yellowlegs, Lesser Yellow-legs Tringa flavipes Unconfirmed - - - -
Lincoln's Sparrow, Northern Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Unconfirmed - - - -
loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus Unconfirmed - - - -
Louisana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla Present Native Common
Lawrence's warbler Vermivora lawrencei Unconfirmed - - - -
Long-billed Marsh Wren, Marsh Wren, Prairie Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris Unconfirmed - - - -
least flycatcher Empidonax minimus Present Native Uncommon
Little Blue Heron, Northern Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea Unconfirmed - - - -
Least Bittern, Eastern Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis Unconfirmed - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Abundant
magnolia warbler Dendroica magnolia Present Native Rare
mourning warbler Oporornis philadelphia Unconfirmed - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Present Native Rare
Northern shoveler, Shoveller Anas clypeata Present Native Rare
Northern Ruddy Duck, Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Present Native Unknown
Northern Phalarope, Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus Unconfirmed - - - -
northern bobwhite Colinus virginianus Present Native Uncommon
Northern Virginia Rail, Virginia Rail Rallus limicola Unconfirmed - - - -
northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Present Native Abundant
northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Present Native Common
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Present Native Uncommon
northern parula Parula americana Present Native Common
Northern Waterthrush, Northern Water-Thrush Seiurus noveboracensis Present Native Uncommon
nashville warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Unconfirmed - - - -
Nuthatches Sitta - - - - - -
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present Native Abundant
Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus Unconfirmed - - - -
Northern Short-eared Owl, Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus Unconfirmed - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
osprey Pandion haliaetus Present Native Uncommon
orchard oriole Icterus spurius Present Native Uncommon
orange-crowned warbler Vermivora celata Present Native Occasional
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos Unconfirmed - - - -
Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus Unconfirmed - - - -
Pheasant, Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Present Non-native Occasional
Purple Gallinule Porphyrula martinica Unconfirmed - - - -
Pine siskin Carduelis pinus Present Native Rare
purple finch Carpodacus purpureus Present Native Common
purple martin Progne subis Present Native Rare
prairie warbler Dendroica discolor Present Native Uncommon
palm warbler Dendroica palmarum Unconfirmed - - - -
pine warbler Dendroica pinus Present Native Unknown
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea Present Native Common
Philadelphia vireo Vireo philadelphicus Unconfirmed - - - -
Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus Present Native Uncommon
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present Native Common
red-shouldered hawk Buteo lineatus Present Native Common
Redhead Aythya americana Present Native Rare
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Present Native Uncommon
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator Present Native Uncommon
ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris Present Native Uncommon
Ringed Plover, Semipalmated Plover, Semipalmated Ringed Plover Charadrius semipalmatus Unconfirmed - - - -
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Present Native Common
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres Unconfirmed - - - -
rock dove Columba livia Present Non-native Common
Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquata Not In Park - - - -
Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata Unconfirmed - - - -
rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus Present Native Uncommon
Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra Unconfirmed - - - -
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Common
rusty blackbird Euphagus carolinus Present Native Uncommon
ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula Present Native Common
red-breasted nuthatch Sitta canadensis Present Native Occasional
red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus Present Native Abundant
red-bellied woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus Present Native Abundant
red-headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sharp-shinned hawk Accipiter striatus Present Native Uncommon
Scaup sp. Aythya - - - - - -
Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata Present - - - -
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia Present Native Unknown
Sanderling Calidris alba Unconfirmed - - - -
Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus Unconfirmed - - - -
Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla Unconfirmed - - - -
Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis - - - - - -
Sora Rail, Sora Porzana carolina Unconfirmed - - - -
Sparrow sp. Emberizidae - - - - - -
swamp sparrow Melospiza georgiana Present Native Unknown
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Present Native Common
- - Stelgidopteryx ruficollis serripennis Not In Park - - - -
Swainson's warbler Limnothlypis swainsonii Unconfirmed - - - -
scarlet tanager Piranga olivacea Present Native Uncommon
summer tanager Piranga rubra Present Native Occasional
Sedge Wren, Short-billed Marsh Wren, Short-billed Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis Unconfirmed - - - -
swainson's thrush Catharus ustulatus Unconfirmed - - - -
Snowy Egret Egretta thula Unconfirmed - - - -
Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus Probably Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Common
Tundra Swan, Whistling Swan Cygnus columbianus Present Native Unknown
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Present Native Uncommon
Titmice, Tits Parus - - - - - -
Tufted Titmouse Parus bicolor Present Native Abundant
tennessee warbler Vermivora peregrina Unconfirmed - - - -
- - Turdus iliacus Unconfirmed - - - -
Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor Unconfirmed - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
veery Catharus fuscescens Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Wood Duck Aix sponsa Present Native Common
whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus Unconfirmed - - - -
White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis Unconfirmed - - - -
Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri Unconfirmed - - - -
Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor Unconfirmed - - - -
Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo Present Native Uncommon
white-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Present Native Uncommon
white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Present Native Uncommon
White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera Unconfirmed - - - -
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorus Present Native Common
wilson's warbler Wilsonia pusilla Unconfirmed - - - -
white-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Present Native Common
winter wren Troglodytes troglodytes Present Native Unknown
wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina Present Native Common
willow flycatcher Empidonax traillii Present Native Uncommon
warbling vireo Vireo gilvus Present Native Common
white-eyed vireo Vireo griseus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Present Native Uncommon
yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata Present Native Common
yellow-throated warbler Dendroica dominica Present Native Common
yellow warbler Dendroica petechia Present Native Common
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens Present Native Uncommon
yellow-bellied flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris Unconfirmed - - - -
yellow-throated vireo Vireo flavifrons Present Native Common
Yellow-crowned Night Heron, Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea Present Native Uncommon
Yellow-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax violacea - - - - - -
yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Present Native Uncommon

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Black Rat Snake Elaphe obsoleta obsoleta Present Native Unknown
broadhead skink Eumeces laticeps Not In Park Native - -
BOG TURTLE Clemmys muhlenbergii Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
corn snake Elaphe guttata guttata Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Snapping Turtle Chelydra serpentina serpentina Present Native Abundant
common musk turtle Sternotherus odoratus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern worm snake Carphophis amoenus amoenus Present Native Unknown
eastern hognose snake Heterodon platirhinos Not In Park Native - -
Eastern Kingsnake Lampropeltis getula getula Not In Park Native - -
Eastern Milk Snake Lampropeltis triangulum triangulum Not In Park Native - -
EASTERN RIBBON SNAKE Thamnophis sauritus sauritus Present Native Rare
Eastern garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis Present Native Unknown
EASTERN EARTH SNAKE Virginia valeriae valeriae Not In Park Native - -
Eastern Six-lined Racerunner Cnemidophorus sexlineatus sexlineatus Present Native Unknown
Eastern Painted Turtle Chrysemys picta picta Present Native Abundant
Eastern River Cooter Pseudemys concinna concinna Not In Park Native - -
Eastern Box Turtle Terrapene carolina carolina Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
five-lined skink Eumeces fasciatus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
- - Haldea valeriae valeriae Not In Park Native - -
- - Heterodon contortrix contortrix Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
MIDLAND PAINTED TURTLE Chrysemys picta marginata Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern black racer Coluber constrictor constrictor Present Native Unknown
Northern Ringneck Snake Diadophis punctatus edwardsii Present Native Unknown
Northern Water Snake Nerodia sipedon sipedon Present Native Common
Northern Brown Snake Storeria dekayi dekayi Present Native Unknown
northern redbelly snake Storeria occipitomaculata Not In Park Native - -
northern fence lizard Sceloporus undulatus hyacinthinus Present Native Unknown
northern copperhead Agkistrodon contortrix mokasen Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
QUEEN SNAKE Natrix septemvittata Not In Park Native - -
queen snake Regina septemvittata Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Rainbow Snake Farancia erytrogramma Unconfirmed Native - -
rough green snake Opheodrys aestivus Not In Park Native - -
River Cooter Pseudemys floridana concinna Not In Park Non-native - -
redbelly turtle Pseudemys rubriventris Present Native Common
red-eared slider Trachemys scripta elegans Not In Park Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
smooth green snake Opheodrys vernalis Not In Park Native - -
Spotted Turtle Clemmys guttata Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
timber rattlesnake Crotalus horridus Not In Park Native - -
TURTLE, MUD, EASTERN Kinosternon subrubrum Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Wood Turtle Clemmys insculpta Present Native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Toad Anaxyrus americanus - - - - - -
American Bullfrog Lithobates catesbeianus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bullfrog Rana catesbeiana Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Coastal Plain Cricket Frog, Southern Cricket Frog Acris gryllus gryllus Not In Park Non-native - -
Cope's gray treefrog Hyla chrysoscelis Present Unknown Unknown
Common Frog, Leopard Frog, Meadow Frog, Northern Leopard Frog Rana pipiens Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern American Toad Bufo americanus americanus Present Native Unknown
Eastern Cricket Frog, Northern Cricket Frog Acris crepitans crepitans Present Native Unknown
EASTERN SPADEFOOT Scaphiopus holbrookii holbrookii Not In Park Native - -
Eastern Red-backed Salamander, Northern Redback Salamander, Red-backed Salamander Plethodon cinereus Present Native Unknown
Eastern Mud Salamander Pseudotriton montanus montanus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fowler's Toad Anaxyrus fowleri Present Unknown Unknown
FROG, GREEN Rana clamitans melanota Present Native Common
Frog, leopard, southern Rana utricularia Present Native Unknown
Four-toed Salamander Hemidactylium scutatum Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green Tree Frog, Green Treefrog Hyla cinerea Not In Park Native - -
Gray Treefrog, Rain Toad, Tree Toad Hyla versicolor Present Native Unknown
Green Frog Lithobates clamitans Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Holarctic Treefrogs, Treefrogs Hyla - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Jefferson salamander Ambystoma jeffersonianum Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Longtail Salamander, Long-tailed Salamander Eurycea longicauda longicauda Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
marbled salamander Ambystoma opacum Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Northern Spring Peeper Pseudacris crucifer crucifer Present Native Unknown
Northern Dusky Salamander Desmognathus fuscus fuscus Not In Park Native - -
Northern Two-lined Salamander, Two-lined Salamander Eurycea bislineata Present Native Unknown
northern spring salamander Gyrinophilus porphyriticus porphyriticus Unconfirmed Native - -
northern slimy salamander Plethodon glutinosus Present Native Unknown
Northern Red Salamander Pseudotriton ruber ruber Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pickerel Frog Lithobates palustris Present Unknown Occasional
- - Plethodon richmondi richmondi - - - - - -
- - Plethodon richmondi richmondi - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ravine Salamander, Southern Ravine Salamander Plethodon richmondi Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Red-spotted newt Diemictylus viridescens viridescens Not In Park Native - -
red-spotted newt Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Southern Toad Bufo terrestris Present Non-native Unknown
spotted salamander Ambystoma maculatum Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
- - Triturus viridescens viridescens - - - - - -
- - Triturus viridescens viridescens - - - - - -
TOAD, FOWLER'S Bufo woodhousii fowleri Present Native Unknown
Three-lined Salamander Eurycea longicauda guttolineata Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Upland chorus frog Pseudacris triseriata feriarum Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
valley and ridge salamander Plethodon hoffmani Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
western chorus frog Pseudacris triseriata triseriata Not In Park Non-native - -
Wood Frog Lithobates sylvaticus Present Unknown Unknown
wood frog Rana sylvatica Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Atlantic sturgeon Acipenser oxyrinchus Not In Park Native - -
American Eel, Common Eel, Eel Anguilla rostrata Present Native Unknown
- - Aulopus architectus Not In Park - - - -
- - Aulopus mellipes Not In Park - - - -
Atlantic Needlefish Strongylura marina Not In Park Native - -
Alewife Alosa pseudoharengus Present Native Unknown
American shad, Atlantic shad, common shad, white shad Alosa sapidissima Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bowfin Amia calva Unconfirmed Native - -
Blueback Herring Alosa aestivalis Present Native Unknown
Bay Anchovy Anchoa mitchilli Not In Park Native - -
Bridle Shiner Notropis bifrenatus Not In Park Native - -
bluntnose minnow Pimephales notatus Present Non-native Unknown
Banded Killifish, Top Minnow Fundulus diaphanus Present Native Unknown
Blue Spot Sunfish, Bluespotted Sunfish, Bluespottted Sunfish Enneacanthus gloriosus Not In Park Native - -
Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus Present Non-native Unknown
black crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus Present Native Unknown
Brown Trout, Loch Leven Brown Trout, Scotch Sea-trout Salmo trutta Present Non-native Unknown
Brook Trout, Native Brook Trout Salvelinus fontinalis Present Native Unknown
Blue Ridge sculpin Cottus caeruleomentum Present Native Unknown
Brown Bullhead Ameiurus nebulosus Present Native Unknown
blue catfish Ictalurus furcatus Not In Park Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Sucker, White Sucker Catostomus commersoni Present Native Unknown
chubsuckers Erimyzon - - - - - -
creek chubsucker Erimyzon oblongus Present Native Unknown
central stoneroller Campostoma anomalum Present Native Unknown
common carp Cyprinus carpio Present Non-native Unknown
cutlip minnow Exoglossum maxillingua Present Native Unknown
Common Shiner Luxilus cornutus Present Native Unknown
comely shiner Notropis amoenus Present Native Unknown
creek chub Semotilus atromaculatus Present Native Unknown
Chain pickerel, Common Pickerel Esox niger Present Native Unknown
Common Sunfish, Pumpkinseed, Pumpkinseed Sunfish Lepomis gibbosus Present Native Unknown
Channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
EASTERN SILVERY MINNOW Hybognathus regius Present Native Unknown
emerald shiner Notropis atherinoides Probably Present Native - -
eastern blacknose dace Rhinichthys atratulus Present Native Unknown
eastern mudminnow Umbra pygmaea Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
fish, SHINER, SPOTTAIL Notropis hudsonius Present Native Unknown
Fathead Minnow Pimephales promelas Present Non-native Unknown
Fallfish Semotilus corporalis Present Native Unknown
fantail darter Etheostoma flabellare Present Native Unknown
freshwater sculpins, Miller's thumbs Cottus - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
gizzard shad Dorosoma cepedianum Present Native Unknown
golden redhorse Moxostoma erythrurum Present Native Unknown
goldfish Carassius auratus Present Non-native Unknown
Golden Shiner Notemigonus crysoleucas Present Native Unknown
Green Sunfish Lepomis cyanellus Present Non-native Unknown
greenside darter Etheostoma blennioides Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hickory shad Alosa mediocris Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
inland silverside Menidia beryllina Not In Park Unknown - -
ide, orfe Leuciscus idus Not In Park Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Johnny X Tessellated Darter Etheostoma nigrum olmstedi Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Kamloops Trout, Rainbow Trout, Steelhead Trout, Steel-head Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
lake chubsucker Erimyzon sucetta Not In Park Non-native - -
longnose dace Rhinichthys cataractae Present Native Unknown
- - Lepomis hybrid Present Native Unknown
longear sunfish Lepomis megalotis Present Non-native Unknown
Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides Present Non-native Unknown
logperch Percina caprodes Not In Park Native - -
lake lamprey, sea lamprey Petromyzon marinus Present Native Unknown
longnose gar Lepisosteus osseus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mississippi silvery minnow Hybognathus nuchalis Not In Park Non-native - -
Mosquitofish Gambusia holbrooki Present Native Unknown
mottled sculpin Cottus bairdii Probably Present Native - -
margined madtom Noturus insignis Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern hog sucker Hypentelium nigricans Present Native Unknown
Northern pike Esox lucius Not In Park Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pearl dace Margariscus margarita Present Native Unknown
Potomac sculpin Cottus girardi Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
quillback Carpiodes cyprinus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
rosyside dace Clinostomus funduloides Present Native Unknown
Redside Dace Clinostomus vandoisulus Not In Park Non-native - -
river chub Nocomis micropogon Present Native Unknown
rosyface shiner Notropis rubellus Present Native Unknown
rock bass Ambloplites rupestris Present Non-native Unknown
Redbreast Sunfish Lepomis auritus Present Native Unknown
redear sunfish Lepomis microlophus Present Non-native Unknown
rainbow darter Etheostoma caeruleum Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
shortnose sturgeon Acipenser brevirostrum Not In Park Native - -
shorthead redhorse Moxostoma macrolepidotum Present Native Unknown
satinfin shiner Cyprinella analostana Present Native Unknown
spotfin shiner Cyprinella spiloptera Present Native Unknown
SILVERJAW MINNOW Ericymba buccata Present Native Unknown
silver shiner Notropis photogenis Not In Park Native - -
swallowtail shiner Notropis procne Present Native Unknown
sunfish Lepomis - - - - - -
Small Mouthed Black-bass, Smallmouth Bass, Small-mouthed Bass Micropterus dolomieu Present Non-native Unknown
striped bass Morone saxatilis Not In Park Native - -
smoothbelly darters Etheostoma - - - - - -
stripeback darter Percina notogramma Present Non-native Unknown
shield darter Percina peltata Present Native Unknown
Slimy sculpin Cottus cognatus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
threadfin shad Dorosoma petenense Present Non-native Unknown
tench Tinca tinca Not In Park Non-native - -
tessellated darter Etheostoma olmstedi Present Native Unknown
trout-perch Percopsis omiscomaycus Not In Park Native - -
tadpole madtom Noturus gyrinus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
warmouth Lepomis gulosus Present Non-native Unknown
white crappie Pomoxis annularis Present Non-native Unknown
White Perch Morone americana Unconfirmed Native - -
walleye Stizostedion vitreum Present Non-native Unknown
White Catfish Ameiurus catus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Yellow Perch Perca flavescens Present Native Unknown
yellow bullhead Ameiurus natalis Present Native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American water plantain, southern water plantain, waterplaintain Alisma subcordatum Not In Park Native - -
arrowhead Sagittaria - - - - - -
arrow-arum Peltandra virginica Present Native Unknown
American holly Ilex opaca Not In Park Native - -
asparagus Asparagus officinalis Not In Park Non-native - -
annual ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia Present Native Unknown
ANNUAL WORMWOOD, sweet sagewort Artemisia annua Present Non-native Unknown
aster Aster - - - - - -
- - Aster paniculatus Not In Park Native - -
- - Aster pilosus var. platyphyllus Not In Park Native - -
Arrow-leaved Aster Aster sagittifolius Unconfirmed Native - -
Atkinson's tickseed, golden tickseed, plains coreopsis, plains tickseed Coreopsis tinctoria Not In Park Native - -
atlantic coreopsis Coreopsis tripteris Present Native Unknown
Aunt Lucy, false babyblueeyes, waterpod Ellisia nyctelea Present Native Unknown
American stoneseed Lithospermum latifolium Probably Present Native - -
American pokeweed, common pokeweed, inkberry, pigeonberry, poke, pokeberry, pokeweed Phytolacca americana Probably Present Native - -
American bittersweet Celastrus scandens Present Native Unknown
Asiatic dayflower Commelina communis Not In Park Non-native - -
American bladdernut Staphylea trifolia Present Native Unknown
arrowwood viburnum Viburnum rafinesquianum Unconfirmed Native - -
Amur honeysuckle Lonicera maackii - - - - - -
American hogpeanut Amphicarpaea bracteata Not In Park Native - -
Atlantic pigeonwings, butterfly-pea, pigeonwings Clitoria mariana Not In Park Native - -
arrow crotalaria, arrowhead rattlebox Crotalaria sagittalis Not In Park Native - -
Alfalfa, Lucerne Medicago sativa Not In Park Non-native - -
American wild sensitive plant Senna hebecarpa Probably Present Native - -
Alsike, Alsatian Clover Trifolium hybridum Present Non-native Unknown
- - Alnus rugosa Not In Park Native - -
American hornbeam Carpinus caroliniana Probably Present Native - -
American hazelnut Corylus americana Not In Park Native - -
American chestnut Castanea dentata Not In Park Native - -
Allegheny Chinquapin Castanea pumila Unconfirmed Native - -
American beech Fagus grandifolia Present Native Unknown
azure bluet Houstonia caerulea Present Native Unknown
American waterwillow Justicia americana Present Native Common
American Pennyroyal Hedeoma pulegioides Not In Park Native - -
American Germander Teucrium canadense Present Native Unknown
ash Fraxinus - - - - - -
American squawroot Conopholis americana Probably Present Native - -
Allegheny monkey-flower Mimulus ringens Present Native Unknown
axilflower Mecardonia acuminata Present Native Unknown
American basswood Tilia americana Present Native Unknown
American waterlily, American white waterlily, white waterlily Nymphaea odorata Present Native Unknown
Atlantic sedge, prickly bog sedge Carex atlantica ssp. atlantica Present Native Rare
Awl Sedge Carex stipata Present Native Uncommon
AWNED FLATSEDGE Cyperus aristatus Not In Park Native - -
awned flat sedge, bearded flatsedge, bearded nutgrass Cyperus squarrosus Present Native Unknown
American Great Bulrush Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani Present Native Unknown
awnless brome, smooth brome Bromus inermis Present Non-native Unknown
A BARNYARD GRASS Echinochloa crusgalli Not In Park Non-native - -
annual bluegrass Poa annua Present Non-native Unknown
autumn bluegrass Poa autumnalis Present Native Unknown
American sycamore Platanus occidentalis Present Native Unknown
autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata - - - - - -
Avens Geum canadense Probably Present Native - -
Allegheny plum Prunus alleghaniensis Unconfirmed Native - -
American plum Prunus americana Not In Park Native - -
A BLACKBERRY Rubus ostryifolius Not In Park Native - -
American elm Ulmus americana Present Native Unknown
alum-root Heuchera americana Present Native Unknown
Apple-of-Peru Nicandra physalodes Not In Park Non-native - -
Amur peppervine, PORCELAIN BERRY Ampelopsis brevipedunculata Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
burhead, creeping burhead, creeping burrhead Echinodorus cordifolius Present Native Unknown
Black Snakeroot, Sanicle Sanicula marilandica Present Native Unknown
BLUE-BOTTLE Muscari racemosum Not In Park Non-native - -
blackberry lily Belamcanda chinensis Not In Park Non-native - -
blueeyed grass, blue-eyed grass Sisyrinchium - - - - - -
Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium gramineum Not In Park Native - -
brown widelip orchid Liparis liliifolia Not In Park Native - -
bearded beggarticks Bidens aristosa Not In Park Native - -
- - Bidens aristosa var. fritcheyi Not In Park Native - -
- - Bidens aristosa var. mutica Not In Park Native - -
- - Bidens comosa Not In Park Native - -
Beggar Ticks, Stick-tight Bidens frondosa Not In Park Native - -
Batchelor's Buttons Centaurea cyanus Not In Park Non-native - -
bull thistle Cirsium vulgare Probably Present Non-native - -
Butterweed, Hogweed, Horseweed Erigeron canadensis Not In Park Native - -
blue mistflower Eupatorium coelestinum Present Native Unknown
blue lettuce Lactuca spicata var. integrifolia Not In Park Native - -
blackeyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta Not In Park Native - -
browneyed Susan Rudbeckia triloba Not In Park Native - -
Balsam ragwort Senecio pauperculus Present Native Unknown
blowball, common dandelion, dandelion, faceclock Taraxacum officinale Not In Park Non-native - -
beggarslice Hackelia virginiana Not In Park Native - -
bluntleaf waterleaf Hydrophyllum canadense Present Native Unknown
Black Mustard Brassica nigra Not In Park Non-native - -
branching draba Draba ramosissima Probably Present Native - -
bog yellowcress Rorippa palustris ssp. palustris Not In Park Non-native - -
bouncingbet Saponaria officinalis Present Non-native Unknown
bladder campion, white campion, white cockle Silene alba Not In Park Non-native - -
bristled knotweed Polygonum caespitosum - - - - - -
bitter doc Rumex obtusifolius Present Non-native Unknown
burning bush Euonymus alata Not In Park Non-native - -
burningbush, winged burning bush, winged euonymus, winged spindletree Euonymus alatus - - - - - -
burningbush, eastern burningbush, eastern wahoo, wahoo Euonymus atropurpureus - - - - - -
blackgum Nyssa sylvatica Present Native Unknown
BUR CUCUMBER, oneseed burr cucumber Sicyos angulatus Present Native Unknown
blackhaw Viburnum prunifolium Present Native Unknown
Black Huckleberry Gaylussacia baccata Not In Park Native - -
blueberries, blueberry, huckleberry Vaccinium - - - - - -
bentpod milkvetch, Ozark milkvetch Astragalus distortus Present Native Unknown
blue wild indigo Baptisia australis Present Native Common
Beggar lice, Beggar's ticks Desmodium viridiflorum Not In Park Native - -
bushy vetchling, veiny pea, veiny peavine Lathyrus venosus Present Native Unknown
Black Medick Medicago lupulina Not In Park Non-native - -
black locust Robinia pseudoacacia Present Native Unknown
buffalo clover Trifolium reflexum Unconfirmed Native - -
bitter milkwort, racemed milkwort Polygala polygama Present Native Unknown
Bartrams oak Quercus heterophylla Not In Park Native - -
bur oak Quercus macrocarpa Present Native Unknown
blackjack oak Quercus marilandica Not In Park Native - -
black oak Quercus velutina Present Native Unknown
bitternut hickory Carya cordiformis Present Native Unknown
butternut Juglans cinerea Present Native Unknown
black walnut Juglans nigra Present Native Unknown
butterfly milkweed Asclepias tuberosa Present Native Unknown
Bitter-bloom, Rose pink Sabatia angularis Not In Park Native - -
buttonweed Diodia teres Not In Park Native - -
bedstraw Galium - - - - - -
bedstraw Galium tinctorium Not In Park Native - -
buttonplant, smooth false buttonweed Spermacoce glabra Present Native Unknown
beefsteakplant Perilla frutescens Present Non-native Unknown
BASIL MOUNTAIN-MINT Pycnanthemum clinopodioides Unconfirmed Native - -
Basil Thyme Satureja nepeta Not In Park Non-native - -
blue curls, forked bluecurls Trichostema dichotomum Not In Park Native - -
border privet Ligustrum obtusifolium - - - - - -
beechdrops Epifagus virginiana Probably Present Native - -
Butter-and-eggs Linaria vulgaris Probably Present Non-native - -
beardtongue Penstemon - - - - - -
blackseed plantain Plantago rugelii Not In Park Native - -
blue water speedwell, water speedwell Veronica anagallis-aquatica Present Non-native Unknown
bird-eye speedwell Veronica persica Present Non-native Unknown
butterfly-bush Buddleja davidi var. nanhoensis Not In Park Non-native - -
Blue Vervain Verbena hastata Present Native Unknown
bunch flower, slender bunchflower Melanthium latifolium Probably Present Native - -
bristly greenbrier Smilax tamnoides Not In Park Native - -
blunt-leaved spurge Euphorbia obtusata Unconfirmed Native - -
black willow Salix nigra Present Native Unknown
birdfoot violet Viola pedata Unconfirmed Native - -
broadleaf enchanter's nightshade Circaea lutetiana Probably Present Native - -
- - Botrychium obliquum Not In Park Native - -
brevior sedge, fescue sedge, shortbeak sedge Carex brevior Present Native Rare
Bush's Sedge Carex bushii Present Native Rare
blue sedge Carex complanata Present Native Uncommon
blue sedge Carex glaucodea Present Native Unknown
Bladder Sedge Carex intumescens Present Native Common
broad looseflower sedge Carex laxiflora Present Native Uncommon
Bristle-stalked Sedge Carex leptalea Present Native Rare
Black Sedge Carex nigra Unconfirmed Native - -
black edge sedge Carex nigromarginata Present Native Common
broad-leaf sedge Carex platyphylla Present Native Rare
Beaded Broom Sedge Carex projecta Unconfirmed Unknown - -
broom sedge Carex scoparia var. scoparia Present Native Common
burr reed sedge Carex sparganioides Present Native Uncommon
bent sedge Carex styloflexa Present Native Rare
Blunt Broom Sedge Carex tribuloides Present Native Unknown
blunt broom sedge Carex tribuloides var. sangamonensis Unconfirmed Native - -
blunt broom sedge Carex tribuloides var. tribuloides Present Native Common
blunt spike-rush Eleocharis obtusa Not In Park Native - -
beak-rush Rhynchospora capitellata Present Native Unknown
bulrush Scirpus georgianus Present Native Unknown
bashful bulrush Scirpus verecundus Present Native Unknown
Beak rush Juncus - - - - - -
big bluestem Andropogon gerardii Present Native Unknown
broom-sedge Andropogon virginicus Present Native Unknown
bearded shorthusk Brachyelytrum erectum Present Native Unknown
brome, brome spp. Bromus - - - - - -
Bromegrass Bromus hordeaceus Unconfirmed Native - -
barren brome Bromus sterilis Present Non-native Unknown
Bromegrass Bromus tectorum Present Non-native Unknown
Bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon Not In Park Non-native - -
Bosc's panicgrass Dichanthelium boscii Present Native Unknown
broadleaf rosette grass Dichanthelium latifolium Present Native Unknown
bigtop lovegrass Eragrostis hirsuta Not In Park Native - -
bottlebrush grass Hystrix patula Present Native Unknown
blackseed ricegrass Oryzopsis racemosa Present Native Unknown
beaked panicgrass Panicum anceps Not In Park Native - -
blackseed needlegrass, blackseed speargrass Piptochaetium avenaceum Present Native Unknown
black amber, broomcorn, broom-corn, chicken corn, shatter cane, shattercane, sorghum, wild cane Sorghum bicolor Probably Present Non-native - -
broadleaf cattail Typha latifolia Not In Park Native - -
blackstem spleenwort Asplenium resiliens Probably Present Native - -
bracken fern Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum Not In Park Native - -
bulblet bladderfern Cystopteris bulbifera Probably Present Native - -
bluntlobe cliff fern Woodsia obtusa Probably Present Native - -
blue cohosh Caulophyllum thalictroides Probably Present Native - -
bleeding heart Dicentra - - - - - -
bleeding heart Dicentra eximia Unconfirmed Native - -
blindeyes Papaver dubium Not In Park Non-native - -
bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis Present Native Unknown
black cohosh Cimicifuga racemosa Probably Present Native - -
buttercup Ranunculus - - - - - -
Bulbous Buttercup Ranunculus bulbosus Not In Park Non-native - -
bristly buttercup Ranunculus hispidus Not In Park Native - -
blisterwort Ranunculus recurvatus Probably Present Native - -
blister buttercup Ranunculus sceleratus Present Native Common
beaked agrimony Agrimonia rostellata Not In Park Native - -
bride's feathers Aruncus dioicus var. vulgaris Not In Park Native - -
bowman's-root Gillenia trifoliata Not In Park Native - -
Bowman's root Porteranthus trifoliatus Not In Park Native - -
Black Cherry Prunus serotina Present Native Unknown
black raspberry Rubus occidentalis Not In Park Native - -
bastard toadflax Comandra umbellata Not In Park Native - -
boxelder Acer negundo Present Native Unknown
bindweed, field bindweed Convolvulus - - - - - -
buttonbush dodder Cuscuta cephalanthi Not In Park Native - -
black nightshade Solanum nigrum Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Arrrowhead Sagittaria latifolia Not In Park Native - -
common duckweed, least duckweed, lesser duckweed Lemna minor Unconfirmed Native - -
Columbia watermeal, Columbia water-meal, Columbian watermeal Wolffia columbiana Not In Park Native - -
Common Naiad Najas flexilis Not In Park Native - -
common waternymph, Guadalupe waternymph, southern naiad, southern waternymph Najas guadalupensis Present Native - -
curly pondweed Potamogeton crispus Not In Park Non-native - -
Canadian honewort Cryptotaenia canadensis Probably Present Native - -
cow parsnip Heracleum lanatum Present Native Unknown
Clayton's sweetroot Osmorhiza claytonii Present Native Common
Canadian blacksnakeroot Sanicula canadensis Not In Park Native - -
cluster-sanicle Sanicula gregaria Not In Park Native - -
clustered blacksnakeroot Sanicula odorata Present Native Common
common goldstar Hypoxis hirsuta Probably Present Native - -
Common Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium angustifolium Present Native Unknown
coral root, spring coralroot Corallorhiza wisteriana Unconfirmed Native - -
crippled cranefly Tipularia discolor Not In Park Native - -
common yarrow Achillea millefolium Probably Present Non-native - -
Common Ragweed Ambrosia elatior Not In Park Native - -
corn chamomile Anthemis arvensis Not In Park Non-native - -
corn chamomile Anthemis arvensis var. agrestis Not In Park Non-native - -
Common Burdock Arctium minus Not In Park Non-native - -
Common Mugwort Artemisia vulgaris Present Non-native Common
Crooked-stem aster Aster prenanthoides Not In Park Native - -
Chicory Cichorium intybus Not In Park Non-native - -
Canada Thistle Cirsium arvense Probably Present Non-native - -
cornel-leaf aster Doellingeria infirma Not In Park Native - -
Carolina elephantsfoot Elephantopus carolinianus Not In Park Native - -
common boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum Present Native Unknown
Catfoot Gnaphalium obtusifolium Not In Park Native - -
catfoot, chafe weed, everlasting, purple cudweed, rabbit tobacco, spoonleaf purple everlasting Gnaphalium purpureum Not In Park Native - -
Common Sunflower Helianthus annuus Not In Park Native - -
Canada lettuce Lactuca canadensis Present Native Unknown
China lettuce, prickly lettuce, wild lettuce Lactuca serriola Not In Park Non-native - -
climbing hempvine, climbing hempweed Mikania scandens Present Native Unknown
cankerweed Prenanthes serpentaria Not In Park Native - -
cutleaf coneflower Rudbeckia laciniata Present Native Unknown
Canada Goldenrod Solidago canadensis Present Native Unknown
common blue wood aster Symphyotrichum cordifolium Probably Present Native - -
cocklebur Xanthium strumarium Not In Park Native - -
Cardinal Flower Lobelia cardinalis Present Native Unknown
CORN GROMWELL Lithospermum arvense Not In Park Non-native - -
Coville's phacelia Phacelia covillei Present Native Unknown
COVILLE'S PHACELIA Phacelia ranunculacea Present Native Unknown
cutleaf toothwort Cardamine concatenata Present Native Unknown
cuckoo flower Cardamine pratensis Probably Present Native - -
Cut-leaf toothwort Dentaria laciniata Present Native Unknown
Creeping Yellow Cress Rorippa sylvestris Present Non-native Unknown
claspleaf pennycress Thlaspi perfoliatum Not In Park Non-native - -
chickweed, mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium - - - - - -
Chickweed Cerastium velutinum Not In Park Native - -
common mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium vulgatum Present Non-native Unknown
campion, catchfly Silene - - - - - -
common chickweed Stellaria media Present Non-native Unknown
Carpetweed Mollugo verticillata Not In Park Non-native - -
colored smartweed, devil's shoestring, longroot smartweed, swamp smartweed, tanweed Polygonum amphibium var. emersum Not In Park Native - -
curltop ladysthumb, curlytop knotweed, curlytop smartweed, dock-leaf smartweed, nodding smartweed, pale smartweed Polygonum lapathifolium Not In Park Native - -
climbing false-buckwheat Polygonum scandens Not In Park Native - -
common sheep sorrel Rumex acetosella Not In Park Non-native - -
Curly dock Rumex crispus Not In Park Non-native - -
climbing euonymus, winter creeper Euonymus fortunei - - - - - -
common hornwort, coon's tail, coon's-tail, coontail, hornwort Ceratophyllum demersum Not In Park Native - -
creeping cucumber Melothria pendula Unconfirmed Native - -
cinnamon-vine Dioscorea batatas Present Non-native Unknown
Common Elder Sambucus canadensis Present Native Unknown
coralberry Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Not In Park Native - -
cornsalad Valerianella - - - - - -
common persimmon Diospyros virginiana Present Native Unknown
Canada milkvetch, Canadian milkvetch, Canadian milk-vetch Astragalus canadensis Present Native Unknown
Chinese lespedeza Lespedeza cuneata Present Non-native Unknown
creeping lespedeza Lespedeza repens Not In Park Native - -
COMMON VETCH Vicia angustifolia Present Non-native Unknown
Carolina vetch Vicia caroliniana Not In Park Native - -
Chinese wisteria Wisteria sinensis - - - - - -
chinkapin oak Quercus muehlenbergii Probably Present Native - -