Cuyahoga Valley National Park

Rank: 38

Park Description

Though a short distance from the urban areas of Cleveland and Akron, Cuyahoga Valley National Park seems worlds away. The park is a refuge for native plants and wildlife, and provides routes of discovery for visitors. The winding Cuyahoga River gives way to deep forests, rolling hills, and open farmlands. Walk or ride the Towpath Trail to follow the historic route of the Ohio & Erie Canal.

Park Address

Cuyahoga Valley National Park 15610 Vaughn Road

Brecksville, OH, 44141

Cuyahoga Valley National Park Activites









Species in Cuyahoga Valley National Park by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in Cuyahoga Valley National Park. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Beaver, Beaver, Canadian Beaver Castor canadensis Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
badger Taxidea taxus Not In Park Native - -
big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus Present Native Common
Brewer's Mole, Hairy-tailed Mole Parascalops breweri Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
coyote Canis latrans Present Native Common
common gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus Present Native Uncommon
Common Muskrat, Muskrat, Musquash, Water Rat Ondatra zibethicus Present Native Abundant
Chickaree, Red Squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern red bat Lasiurus borealis Present Native Common
evening bat Nycticeius humeralis Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Pipistrelle, Northern Georgian Bat Pipistrellus subflavus Present Native Common
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Present Native Common
eastern gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis Present Native Common
eastern fox squirrel Sciurus niger Present Native Common
eastern chipmunk Tamias striatus Present Native Common
eastern mole Scalopus aquaticus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus Present Native Uncommon
house mouse Mus musculus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Indiana bat Myotis sodalis Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata Present Native Common
least weasel Mustela nivalis Present Native Uncommon
little brown bat Myotis lucifugus Present Native Common
least shrew Cryptotis parva Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mink Mustela vison Present Native Common
meadow jumping mouse Zapus hudsonius Present Native Unknown
meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus Present Native Common
Masked Shrew Sorex cinereus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern bat Myotis septentrionalis Present Native Abundant
Norway rat Rattus norvegicus Present Non-native Unknown
northern short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
prairie deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red fox Vulpes vulpes Present Native Common
raccoon Procyon lotor Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis Present Native Common
silver-haired bat Lasionycteris noctivagans Unconfirmed Native - -
southern bog lemming Synaptomys cooperi Unconfirmed Native - -
southern flying squirrel Glaucomys volans Present Native Common
smoky shrew Sorex fumeus Present Native Uncommon
Star-nosed Mole Condylura cristata Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Present Native Abundant
woodland vole Microtus pinetorum Unconfirmed Native - -
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Present Native Common
woodchuck Marmota monax Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Rough-legged Hawk, Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus Present Native Occasional
American Pintail, Northern Pintail, Pintail Anas acuta Present Native Uncommon
American Wigeon, Baldpate Anas americana Present Native Uncommon
American Black Duck, Black Duck, Common Black Duck, Red-legged Black Duck Anas rubripes Present Native Common
American Golden-eye, Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula Present Native Rare
American Merganser, Common Merganser Mergus merganser Present Native Rare
American Black Tern, Black Tern Chlidonias niger Present Native Rare
American Herring Gull, Herring Gull Larus argentatus Present Native Common
american woodcock Scolopax minor Present Native Uncommon
American Peregrine Falcon, Duck Hawk, Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Present Native Rare
american kestrel Falco sparverius Present Native Uncommon
American Coot, Northern American Coot Fulica americana Present Native Common
american crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Present Native Abundant
american tree sparrow Spizella arborea Present Native Common
american goldfinch Carduelis tristis Present Native Abundant
American Pipit, American Water Pipit, Water Pipit Anthus rubescens Present Native Rare
american redstart Setophaga ruticilla Present Native Common
american robin Turdus migratorius Present Native Abundant
alder flycatcher Empidonax alnorum Present Native Uncommon
acadian flycatcher Empidonax virescens Present Native Common
Arkansas Kingbird, Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis Present Non-native Occasional
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus Present Native Rare
Arctic Three-toed Woodpecker, Black-backed Three-toed Woodpecker, Black-backed Woodpecker Picoides arcticus Present Native Occasional
American Long-eared Owl, Long-eared Owl Asio otus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
broad-winged hawk Buteo platypterus Present Native Common
Bald Eagle, Northern Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Present Native Rare
black vulture Coragyps atratus Present Native Occasional
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Present Native Common
Bufflehead, Buffle-head Bucephala albeola Present Native Rare
Blue Goose, Snow Goose Chen caerulescens Present Native Occasional
Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola Present Native Occasional
Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia Present Native Rare
Bartramian Sandpiper, Upland Plover, Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda Not In Park Native - -
Belted Kingfisher, Eastern Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Present Native Common
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus Present Native Uncommon
Bohemian Waxwing, Greater Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus Present Native Occasional
Brown Creeper Certhia americana Present Native Rare
blue jay Cyanocitta cristata Present Native Common
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Common
Bank Swallow, Common Bank Swallow Riparia riparia Present Native Common
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus Present Native Uncommon
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Present Native Common
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Non-native Common
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Present Native Common
Black-capped Chickadee Parus atricapillus Present Native Abundant
black-throated blue warbler Dendroica caerulescens Present Native Common
bay-breasted warbler Dendroica castanea Present Native Common
blackburnian warbler Dendroica fusca Present Native Uncommon
blackpoll warbler Dendroica striata Present Native Common
black-throated green warbler Dendroica virens Present Native Uncommon
black-and-white warbler Mniotilta varia Present Native Common
blue-winged warbler Vermivora pinus Present Native Common
Brewster's Warbler Vermivora pinus X chrysoptera Present Native Rare
blue-gray gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Present Native Common
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius Present Native Rare
Black-crowned Night Heron, Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Present Native Uncommon
barred owl Strix varia Present Native Common
Barn Owl, North American Barn Owl Tyto alba Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
cooper's hawk Accipiter cooperii Present Native Unknown
Common Mallard, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Present Native Abundant
Canvasback Aythya valisineria Present Native Rare
Canada Goose, Eastern Canada Goose Branta canadensis Present Native Abundant
chimney swift Chaetura pelagica Present Native Abundant
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor Present Native Uncommon
Common Snipe, Wilson's Common Snipe, Wilson's Snipe Gallinago gallinago Present Native Uncommon
Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina Present Native Occasional
Canada Ruffed Grouse, Partridge, Ruffed Grouse, Timber Grouse Bonasa umbellus Present Native Rare
Common Loon, Greater Common Loon Gavia immer Present Native Rare
Common Gallinule, Common Moorhen, Florida Gallinule Gallinula chloropus Present Native Rare
cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Present Native Common
Common Lapland Longspur, Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus Present Native Occasional
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present Native Common
Common Redpoll, Greater Redpoll, Mealy Redpoll Carduelis flammea Present Native Occasional
Canadian Pine Grosbeak, Newfoundland Pine Grosbeak, Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator Present Native Occasional
Cliff swallow Hirundo pyrrhonota Present Native Uncommon
common grackle Quiscalus quiscula Present Native Common
cerulean warbler Dendroica cerulea Present Native Uncommon
chestnut-sided warbler Dendroica pensylvanica Present Native Uncommon
cape may warbler Dendroica tigrina Present Native Common
common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Present Native Common
connecticut warbler Oporornis agilis Present Native Rare
Common Oven-bird, Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapillus Present Native Common
canada warbler Wilsonia canadensis Present Native Rare
carolina wren Thryothorus ludovicianus Present Native Common
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Dunlin, Red-backed Dunlin, Red-backed Sandpiper Calidris alpina Present Native Rare
Dickcissel Spiza americana Present Native Occasional
dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis Present Native Common
downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens Present Native Common
Double-crested Cormorant, Northern Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Goshawk, Goshawk, Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Present Native Occasional
Eastern White-winged Scoter, White-winged Coot, White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca Present Native Occasional
Eastern Solitary Sandpiper, Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Pigeon Hawk, Merlin, Pigeon Hawk Falco columbarius Present Native Rare
Eastern Savannah Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Present Native Common
Eastern Snow Bunting, Snow Bunting, Snowflake Plectrophenax nivalis Present Native Occasional
Eastern Vesper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Present Native Uncommon
evening grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus Present Native Rare
eastern meadowlark Sturnella magna Present Native Common
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present Native Abundant
eastern bluebird Sialia sialis Present Native Common
eastern wood-pewee Contopus virens Present Native Common
eastern phoebe Sayornis phoebe Present Native Common
eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Present Native Common
Eastern Glossy Ibis, Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus Present Native Occasional
Eastern Screech-Owl, Screech Owl Otus asio Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca Present Native Uncommon
field sparrow Spizella pusilla Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca Present Native Uncommon
Gadwall Anas strepera Present Native Uncommon
Greater Scaup, Greater Scaup Duck Aythya marila Present Native Rare
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus Present Native Occasional
Greater Yellowlegs, Greater Yellow-legs Tringa melanoleuca Present Native Uncommon
grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum Present Native Uncommon
Great Gray Shrike, Northern Shrike Lanius excubitor Present Native Occasional
gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis Present Native Common
golden-winged warbler Vermivora chrysoptera Present Native Rare
golden-crowned kinglet Regulus satrapa Present Native Common
gray-cheeked thrush Catharus minimus Present Native Common
great crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Present Native Common
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present Native Abundant
Green-backed Heron Butorides striatus Present Native Common
Great Egret Casmerodius albus Present Native Uncommon
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus Present Native Uncommon
horned lark Eremophila alpestris Present Native Uncommon
Henslow's sparrow Ammodramus henslowii Present Native Uncommon
house finch Carpodacus mexicanus Present Non-native Common
hooded warbler Wilsonia citrina Present Native Common
house sparrow Passer domesticus Present Non-native Abundant
house wren Troglodytes aedon Present Native Common
hermit thrush Catharus guttatus Present Native Uncommon
hairy woodpecker Picoides villosus Present Native Common
Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus Present Native Rare
Holboell's Grebe, Holboell's Red-necked Grebe, Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Killdeer, Northern Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Present Native Common
King Rail, Northern King Rail Rallus elegans Not In Park Native - -
kentucky warbler Oporornis formosus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lesser Scaup, Lesser Scaup Duck Aythya affinis Present Native Rare
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla Present Native Uncommon
Lesser Yellowlegs, Lesser Yellow-legs Tringa flavipes Present Native Uncommon
Lincoln's Sparrow, Northern Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Present Native Uncommon
loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus Not In Park Native - -
Louisana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla Present Native Common
Long-billed Marsh Wren, Marsh Wren, Prairie Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris Present Native Uncommon
least flycatcher Empidonax minimus Present Native Uncommon
Little Blue Heron, Northern Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea Present Native Occasional
Least Bittern, Eastern Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis Present Native Occasional
Mute Swan Cygnus olor Present Non-native Occasional
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Abundant
magnolia warbler Dendroica magnolia Present Native Common
mourning warbler Oporornis philadelphia Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Present Native Uncommon
Northern shoveler, Shoveller Anas clypeata Present Native Uncommon
Northern Ruddy Duck, Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Present Native Uncommon
northern bobwhite Colinus virginianus Not In Park Native - -
Northern Virginia Rail, Virginia Rail Rallus limicola Present Native Uncommon
northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Present Native Abundant
Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow Ammodramus nelsoni Present Native Occasional
northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Present Native Common
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Present Native Rare
northern parula Parula americana Present Native Uncommon
Northern Waterthrush, Northern Water-Thrush Seiurus noveboracensis Present Native Common
nashville warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Present Native Common
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present Native Common
Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus Present Native Rare
Northern Short-eared Owl, Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
osprey Pandion haliaetus Present Native Uncommon
orchard oriole Icterus spurius Present Native Uncommon
orange-crowned warbler Vermivora celata Present Native Rare
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus borealis Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos Present Native Rare
Pheasant, Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Present Non-native Uncommon
Pine siskin Carduelis pinus Present Native Uncommon
purple finch Carpodacus purpureus Present Native Uncommon
purple martin Progne subis Present Native Common
prairie warbler Dendroica discolor Present Native Rare
palm warbler Dendroica palmarum Present Native Common
pine warbler Dendroica pinus Present Native Uncommon
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea Present Native Uncommon
Philadelphia vireo Vireo philadelphicus Present Native Uncommon
Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus Present Native Common
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present Native Abundant
red-shouldered hawk Buteo lineatus Present Native Uncommon
Redhead Aythya americana Present Native Rare
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Present Native Uncommon
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator Present Native Uncommon
ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris Present Native Common
Ringed Plover, Semipalmated Plover, Semipalmated Ringed Plover Charadrius semipalmatus Present Native Rare
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Present Native Abundant
rock dove Columba livia Present Non-native Abundant
rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus Present Native Common
Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra Present Native Occasional
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Abundant
rusty blackbird Euphagus carolinus Present Native Uncommon
ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula Present Native Common
red-breasted nuthatch Sitta canadensis Present Native Uncommon
red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus Present Native Common
red-bellied woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus Present Native Common
red-headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sharp-shinned hawk Accipiter striatus Present Native Common
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia Present Native Common
Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis Present Native Occasional
Sora Rail, Sora Porzana carolina Present Native Uncommon
swamp sparrow Melospiza georgiana Present Native Uncommon
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Present Native Abundant
scarlet tanager Piranga olivacea Present Native Common
summer tanager Piranga rubra Present Native Rare
Sedge Wren, Short-billed Marsh Wren, Short-billed Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis Present Native Rare
swainson's thrush Catharus ustulatus Present Native Common
Snowy Owl Nyctea scandiaca Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Common
Tundra Swan, Whistling Swan Cygnus columbianus Present Native Uncommon
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Present Native Common
Tufted Titmouse Parus bicolor Present Native Abundant
tennessee warbler Vermivora peregrina Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
veery Catharus fuscescens Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Wood Duck Aix sponsa Present Native Common
whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus Present Native Occasional
White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis Present Native Occasional
Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo Present Native Common
white-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Present Native Common
white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Present Native Uncommon
White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera Present Native Occasional
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorus Present Native Rare
wilson's warbler Wilsonia pusilla Present Native Common
white-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Present Native Common
winter wren Troglodytes troglodytes Present Native Rare
wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina Present Native Common
willow flycatcher Empidonax traillii Present Native Common
warbling vireo Vireo gilvus Present Native Common
white-eyed vireo Vireo griseus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Present Native Common
Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Present Native Occasional
yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata Present Native Common
yellow-throated warbler Dendroica dominica Present Native Uncommon
yellow warbler Dendroica petechia Present Native Common
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens Present Native Rare
yellow-bellied flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris Present Native Uncommon
yellow-throated vireo Vireo flavifrons Present Native Common
Yellow-crowned Night Heron, Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea Unconfirmed Native - -
yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
black racer Coluber constrictor Present Native Uncommon
brown snake Storeria dekayi Present Native Common
Blanding's Turtle Emydoidea blandingii Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
common snapping turtle Chelydra serpentina Present Native Common
Central Painted Turtle, Eastern Painted Turtle, Midland Painted Turtle, Painted Turtle Chrysemys picta Present Native Common
common musk turtle Sternotherus odoratus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern ribbon snake Thamnophis sauritus Present Native Uncommon
eastern garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis Present Native Common
eastern fence lizard Sceloporus undulatus Not In Park Non-native - -
Eastern Massasauga Sistrurus catenatus catenatus Probably Present Native - -
eastern box turtle Terrapene carolina Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
five-lined skink Eumeces fasciatus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
milk snake Lampropeltis triangulum Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern water snake Nerodia sipedon Present Native Common
northern redbelly snake Storeria occipitomaculata Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
queen snake Regina septemvittata Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
ringneck snake Diadophis punctatus Present Native Common
rat snake Elaphe obsoleta Present Native Uncommon
Red-eared Slider Trachemys scripta Present Non-native Common
red-eared slider Trachemys scripta elegans Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
smooth green snake Opheodrys vernalis Present Native Rare
Spotted Turtle Clemmys guttata Present Native Unknown
Spiny Softshell Turtle Trionyx spiniferus Present Native Uncommon

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American toad Bufo americanus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bullfrog Rana catesbeiana Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Frog, Leopard Frog, Meadow Frog, Northern Leopard Frog Rana pipiens Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern tiger salamander Ambystoma tigrinum Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Red-backed Salamander, Northern Redback Salamander, Red-backed Salamander Plethodon cinereus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Four-toed Salamander Hemidactylium scutatum Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Gray Treefrog, Rain Toad, Tree Toad Hyla versicolor Present Native Common
green frog Rana clamitans Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Jefferson salamander Ambystoma jeffersonianum Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
longtail salamander Eurycea longicauda Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
marbled salamander Ambystoma opacum Unconfirmed Native - -
Mudpuppy Necturus maculosus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Northern Spring Peeper Pseudacris crucifer crucifer Present Native Abundant
northern dusky salamander Desmognathus fuscus Present Native Abundant
Northern Two-lined Salamander, Two-lined Salamander Eurycea bislineata Present Native Abundant
northern slimy salamander Plethodon glutinosus Present Native Common
northern red salamander Pseudotriton ruber Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pickerel frog Rana palustris Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ravine Salamander, Southern Ravine Salamander Plethodon richmondi Not In Park Native - -
red-spotted newt Notophthalmus viridescens Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
spotted salamander Ambystoma maculatum Present Native Unknown
Small-mouthed Salamander Ambystoma texanum Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
western chorus frog Pseudacris triseriata Present Native Uncommon
wood frog Rana sylvatica Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Eel, Common Eel, Eel Anguilla rostrata Not In Park Native - -
Alewife Alosa pseudoharengus Present Unknown Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bowfin Amia calva Present Native Rare
brook silverside Labidesthes sicculus Present Native Uncommon
bigmouth buffalo Ictiobus cyprinellus Present Native Occasional
black redhorse Moxostoma duquesnei Present Native Rare
BIGEYE CHUB Hybopsis amblops Not In Park Native - -
bluntnose minnow Pimephales notatus Present Native Abundant
Burbot, Eelpout Lota lota Not In Park Native - -
brook stickleback Culaea inconstans Present Native Uncommon
Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus Present Native Common
black crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus Present Native Uncommon
blackside darter Percina maculata Present Native Common
blue pike Stizostedion vitreum glaucum Not In Park Non-native - -
black bullhead Ictalurus melas Present Native Uncommon
brown bullhead Ictalurus nebulosus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Sucker, White Sucker Catostomus commersoni Present Native Common
central stoneroller Campostoma anomalum Present Native Abundant
common carp Cyprinus carpio Present Non-native Abundant
Common Shiner Luxilus cornutus - - - - - -
common shiner Notropis cornutus Present Native Common
creek chub Semotilus atromaculatus Present Native Abundant
central mudminnow Umbra limi Present Native Uncommon
Common Sunfish, Pumpkinseed, Pumpkinseed Sunfish Lepomis gibbosus Present Native Common
Channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern gravel chub Hybopsis x-punctata Not In Park Native - -
emerald shiner Notropis atherinoides Present Native Common
eastern blacknose dace Rhinichthys atratulus Present Native Abundant
eastern sand darter Ammocrypta pellucida Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fathead Minnow Pimephales promelas Present Native Abundant
fantail darter Etheostoma flabellare Present Native Common
freshwater drum Aplodinotus grunniens Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
gizzard shad Dorosoma cepedianum Present Native Common
golden redhorse Moxostoma erythrurum Present Native Unknown
goldfish Carassius auratus Present Non-native Common
Golden Shiner Notemigonus crysoleucas Present Native Common
grass pickerel, redfin or grass pickerel, redfin pickerel Esox americanus Present Native Occasional
grass pickerel Esox americanus vermiculatus - - - - - -
Green Sunfish Lepomis cyanellus Present Native Common
greenside darter Etheostoma blennioides Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
- - Hybopsis x-punctata trautmani - - - - - -
hornyhead chub Nocomis biguttatus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
johnny darter Etheostoma nigrum Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
lake sturgeon Acipenser fulvescens Not In Park Native - -
Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides Present Native Common
logperch Percina caprodes Present Native Common
longnose gar Lepisosteus osseus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mimic shiner Notropis volucellus Present Native Uncommon
muskellunge Esox masquinongy Present Unknown Occasional
mottled sculpin Cottus bairdii Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern hog sucker Hypentelium nigricans Present Native Common
Northern pike Esox lucius Present Native Occasional
northern longear sunfish Lepomis megalotis peltastes - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
quillback Carpiodes cyprinus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
redside dace Clinostomus elongatus Present Native Uncommon
river chub Nocomis micropogon Present Native Uncommon
rosyface shiner Notropis rubellus Not In Park Native - -
- - Rhinichthys atratulus meleagris - - - - - -
rock basses Ambloplites - - - - - -
rock bass Ambloplites rupestris Present Native Common
redear sunfish Lepomis microlophus Present Native Uncommon
rainbow darter Etheostoma caeruleum Present Native Common
Rainbow trout Salmo gairdnerii Present Unknown Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
smallmouth buffalo Ictiobus bubalus Present Native Occasional
spotted sucker Minytrema melanops Not In Park Native - -
silver redhorse Moxostoma anisurum Present Native Rare
shorthead redhorse Moxostoma macrolepidotum Probably Present Native - -
spotfin shiner Cyprinella spiloptera Present Native Unknown
SILVERJAW MINNOW Ericymba buccata Present Native Uncommon
streamline chub Hybopsis dissimilis Not In Park Native - -
striped shiner Notropis chrysocephalus Present Native Common
spotfin shiner Notropis spilopterus Present Native Common
sand shiner Notropis stramineus Present Native Uncommon
southern redbelly dace Phoxinus erythrogaster Present Native Rare
sunfish Lepomis - - - - - -
smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieui Present Native Common
silver lamprey Ichthyomyzon unicuspis Not In Park Native - -
stonecat Noturus flavus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
trout-perch Percopsis omiscomaycus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
warmouth Lepomis gulosus Present Native Uncommon
white crappie Pomoxis annularis Present Native Uncommon
White Perch Morone americana Present Unknown Occasional
white bass Morone chrysops Present Native Common
Walleye Stizostedion - - - - - -
walleye Stizostedion vitreum Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow bullhead Ictalurus natalis Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American waterplantain, European water plantain Alisma plantago-aquatica Present Native Uncommon
- - Alisma plantago-aquatica var. americanum Present Native Uncommon
American water plantain, southern water plantain, waterplaintain Alisma subcordatum Present Native Uncommon
arrow-arum Peltandra virginica Present Native Uncommon
arrow-grass, seaside arrowgrass Triglochin maritima Present Native Rare
American spikenard Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa Unconfirmed Native - -
American ginseng Panax quinquefolius Present Native Rare
asparagus Asparagus officinalis Present Non-native Uncommon
annual ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia Present Native Common
aster Aster - - - - - -
Appalachian flat-topped white aster Aster infirmus Present Native Rare
- - Aster racemosus Present Native Uncommon
Arrow Leaved Aster Aster sagittifolius Present Native Uncommon
- - Aster umbellatus Present Native Common
atlantic coreopsis Coreopsis tripteris Present Native Uncommon
American burnweed Erechtites hieraciifolia var. hieraciifolia Unconfirmed Native - -
American pokeweed, common pokeweed, inkberry, pigeonberry, poke, pokeberry, pokeweed Phytolacca americana Present Native Common
American bittersweet Celastrus scandens Present Native Uncommon
Asiatic dayflower Commelina communis Present Non-native Uncommon
American bladdernut Staphylea trifolia Present Native Rare
American Yew Taxus canadensis Present Native Rare
arrowwood viburnum Viburnum rafinesquianum Present Native Rare
arrow-wood Viburnum recognitum Present Native Common
American cranberrybush Viburnum trilobum Unconfirmed Native - -
American Fly Honeysuckle Lonicera canadensis Present Non-native Rare
Amur honeysuckle Lonicera maackii Present Non-native Common
American hogpeanut Amphicarpaea bracteata Present Native Common
American hogpeanut Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa Present Native Common
Alfalfa, Lucerne Medicago sativa Present Non-native Uncommon
Alsike, Alsatian Clover Trifolium hybridum Present Non-native Common
American deervetch, American purple vetch, American vetch Vicia americana Present Native Rare
American vetch, purple vetch Vicia americana ssp. americana Unconfirmed Native - -
- - Alnus incana Present Native Uncommon
- - Alnus rugosa Present Native Uncommon
American hornbeam Carpinus caroliniana Present Native Uncommon
American hornbeam Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana Present Native Uncommon
American hazelnut Corylus americana Present Native Uncommon
American chestnut Castanea dentata Present Native Rare
American beech Fagus grandifolia Present Native Common
American columbo Frasera caroliniensis Unconfirmed Native - -
agueweed Gentianella quinquefolia Present Native Uncommon
azure bluet Houstonia caerulea Present Native Common
American Germander Teucrium canadense Present Native Uncommon
American squawroot Conopholis americana Present Native Uncommon
Allegheny monkey-flower Mimulus ringens Present Native Uncommon
American lopseed Phryma leptostachya Present Native Uncommon
American dog violet Viola conspersa Present Native Rare
arrowleaf violet, arrow-leaved violet Viola sagittata Present Native Rare
American basswood Tilia americana Present Native Uncommon
Alpine enchanter's nightshade Circaea alpina var. alpina Present Native Uncommon
American waterlily, American white waterlily, white waterlily Nymphaea odorata Present Native Unknown
Atlantic Sedge Carex atlantica Present Native Rare
Awl Sedge Carex stipata Present Native Uncommon
American bulrush Scirpus americanus Present Native Uncommon
- - Agrostis hyemalis var. tenuis Present Native Rare
awnless brome, smooth brome Bromus inermis Present Non-native Rare
A BARNYARD GRASS Echinochloa crusgalli Present Non-native Common
annual bluegrass Poa annua Present Non-native Uncommon
American sycamore Platanus occidentalis Present Native Common
autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata Present Non-native Common
alder buckthorn Rhamnus frangula Present Non-native Common
agrimony Agrimonia - - - - - -
Agrimony Agrimonia gryposepala Present Native Uncommon
Avens Geum canadense Present Native Uncommon
American plum Prunus americana Present Native Rare
Appalachian barren strawberry Waldsteinia fragarioides Present Native Rare
American elm Ulmus americana Present Native Uncommon
alum-root Heuchera americana Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
broad waterweed, Canada waterweed, Canadian waterweed Elodea canadensis Present Native Rare
brittle waternymph Najas minor Present Non-native Uncommon
Bigleaf Pondweed Potamogeton amplifolius Unconfirmed Native - -
baby pondweed, small pondweed Potamogeton pusillus Present Native Common
Bulb-bearing Water Hemlock Cicuta bulbifera Present Native Uncommon
Black Snakeroot, Sanicle Sanicula marilandica Present Native Uncommon
Bristly Sarsaparilla Aralia hispida Unconfirmed Native - -
blueeyed grass, blue-eyed grass Sisyrinchium - - - - - -
blue wood aster Aster cordifolius Present Native Common
bearded beggarticks Bidens aristosa Present Native Common
- - Bidens comosa Present Native Uncommon
Beggar Ticks, Stick-tight Bidens frondosa Present Native Uncommon
bull thistle Cirsium vulgare Present Non-native Common
burnweed Erechtites hieracifolia Present Native Unknown
Butterweed, Hogweed, Horseweed Erigeron canadensis Unconfirmed Native - -
Boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum Unconfirmed Native - -
blackeyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta Present Native Uncommon
Black-eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima Present Native Uncommon
blowball, common dandelion, dandelion, faceclock Taraxacum officinale Present Non-native Common
blue houndstongue, wild comfrey Cynoglossum virginianum Present Native Rare
beggarslice Hackelia virginiana Present Native Rare
bluntleaf waterleaf Hydrophyllum canadense Present Native Uncommon
Black Mustard Brassica nigra Present Non-native Rare
burningbush, common kochia, fireweed, Mexican burningbush, Mexican fireweed, Mexican-fireweed, mock cypress, summercypress Kochia scoparia Present Non-native Uncommon
bouncingbet Saponaria officinalis Present Non-native Common
bristled knotweed Polygonum caespitosum Present Non-native Uncommon
black bindweed Polygonum convolvulus Present Native Uncommon
bitter doc Rumex obtusifolius Present Non-native Rare
burning bush Euonymus alata Present Non-native Rare
burningbush, winged burning bush, winged euonymus, winged spindletree Euonymus alatus Present Non-native Rare
blackgum Nyssa sylvatica Present Native Common
BUR CUCUMBER, oneseed burr cucumber Sicyos angulatus Present Native Unknown
Bar Harbor Juniper, Creeping Juniper Juniperus horizontalis Present Native Unknown
Bush Honeysuckle Diervilla lonicera Present Native Rare
Black Huckleberry Gaylussacia baccata Present Native Uncommon
Blue Ridge blueberry Vaccinium pallidum Unconfirmed Native - -
bastard indigo Amorpha fruticosa Present Native Rare
Birdsfoot Trefoil Lotus corniculatus Present Non-native Uncommon
Black Medick Medicago lupulina Present Non-native Uncommon
black locust Robinia pseudoacacia Present Non-native Uncommon
black alder Alnus glutinosa Present Non-native Unknown
- - Betula alba Probably Present Non-native - -
black birch, sweet birch Betula lenta Present Native Rare
bur oak Quercus macrocarpa Present Native Rare
black oak Quercus velutina Present Native Common
bitternut hickory Carya cordiformis Present Native Rare
butternut Juglans cinerea Present Native Rare
black walnut Juglans nigra Present Native Uncommon
Bitter-bloom, Rose pink Sabatia angularis Present Native Uncommon
bedstraw Galium tinctorium Present Native Common
Black Ash Fraxinus nigra Present Native Uncommon
border privet Ligustrum obtusifolium Present Non-native Rare
beechdrops Epifagus virginiana Present Native Common
blue-eyed Mary Collinsia verna Present Native Rare
Butter-and-eggs Linaria vulgaris Present Non-native Uncommon
beardtongue Penstemon - - - - - -
blackseed plantain Plantago rugelii Present Native Rare
bird-eye speedwell Veronica persica Present Non-native Rare
Blue Vervain Verbena hastata Present Native Uncommon
Bristly greenbrier Smilax hispida Present Native Rare
bristly greenbrier Smilax tamnoides Unconfirmed Native - -
Bristly Clubmoss Lycopodium clavatum Present Native Uncommon
black willow Salix nigra Present Native Uncommon
broadleaf enchanter's nightshade Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis Present Native Common
- - Botrychium dissectum var. dissectum Present Native Unknown
blunt-lobed cutleaf grapefern Botrychium dissectum var. obliquum Present Native Unknown
black pine Pinus nigra Present Non-native Uncommon
broadwing sedge Carex alata Present Native Unknown
Bebb sedge, Bebb's sedge Carex bebbii Present Native Rare
blue sedge Carex complanata Present Native Unknown
bristleleaf sedge, bristle-leaf sedge Carex eburnea Present Native Rare
Bladder Sedge Carex intumescens Present Native Rare
broad looseflower sedge Carex laxiflora Present Native Uncommon
broad looseflower sedge Carex laxiflora var. laxiflora Present Native Uncommon
Bristle-stalked Sedge Carex leptalea Present Native Rare
broad-leaf sedge Carex platyphylla Present Native Unknown
beaked sedge Carex rostrata Present Native Rare
burr reed sedge Carex sparganioides Present Native Uncommon
Blunt Broom Sedge Carex tribuloides Present Native Uncommon
bald spikerush, bald spike-rush, spikesedge Eleocharis erythropoda Present Native Uncommon
bulrush, bulrushes Scirpus - - - - - -
Beak rush Juncus - - - - - -
black grass Juncus gerardii Present Native Rare
big bluestem Andropogon gerardii Present Native Uncommon
broom-sedge Andropogon virginicus Present Native Common
broomsedge Andropogon virginicus var. virginicus Present - - - -
bearded shorthusk Brachyelytrum erectum Present Native Uncommon
bearded shorthusk Brachyelytrum erectum var. erectum Present Native Uncommon
- - Bromus purgans Present Native Rare
Bosc's panicgrass Dichanthelium boscii Present Native Rare
broadleaf rosette grass Dichanthelium latifolium Present Native Uncommon
Barnyard-grass Echinochloa pungens Present Native Rare
Bearded Wheatgrass Elymus trachycaulus Present Native Rare
Bosc's panicum Panicum boscii Present Native Rare
bluegrass, bluegrass spp. Poa - - - - - -
broadfruit burreed, broadfruit bur-reed, broad-fruit burr-reed, giant burreed Sparganium eurycarpum Present Native Uncommon
broadleaf cattail Typha latifolia Present Native Common
bracken fern Pteridium aquilinum Present Native Uncommon
broad beech-fern Thelypteris hexagonoptera Present Native Uncommon
bulblet bladderfern Cystopteris bulbifera Present Native Rare
blue cohosh Caulophyllum thalictroides Present Native Common
bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis Present Native Common
black cohosh Cimicifuga racemosa Present Native Common
Bulbous Buttercup Ranunculus bulbosus Present Non-native Rare
bristly buttercup Ranunculus hispidus Present Native Uncommon
blisterwort Ranunculus recurvatus Present Native Uncommon
blister buttercup Ranunculus sceleratus Present Native Uncommon
Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa Present Native Uncommon
Black Cherry Prunus serotina Present Native Common
blackberry, brambles Rubus - - - - - -
bristly dewberry Rubus hispidus Present Native Uncommon
black raspberry Rubus occidentalis Present Native Uncommon
Blackberry Rubus pensylvanicus Present Native Rare
Burning Nettle Urtica urens Present Non-native Unknown
bastard toadflax Comandra umbellata Present Native Uncommon
boxelder Acer negundo Present Native Common
Black maple Acer saccharum var. nigrum Present Native Common
buckeye, Ohio buckeye, Texas buckeye Aesculus glabra Present Native Uncommon
bindweed, field bindweed Convolvulus - - - - - -
black nightshade Solanum nigrum Present Native Rare
Boston ivy Parthenocissus tricuspidata Present Non-native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
calamus Acorus calamus Present Native Uncommon
Common Arrrowhead Sagittaria latifolia Present Native Uncommon
common duckweed, least duckweed, lesser duckweed Lemna minor Present Native Common
common duckmeat, common duckweed, greater duckweed Spirodela polyrrhiza Present Native Uncommon
Columbia watermeal, Columbia water-meal, Columbian watermeal Wolffia columbiana Present Native Uncommon
curly pondweed Potamogeton crispus Present Non-native Uncommon
Canadian honewort Cryptotaenia canadensis Present Native Common
cow parsnip Heracleum lanatum Present Native Uncommon
Clayton's sweetroot Osmorhiza claytonii Present Native Rare
Canadian blacksnakeroot Sanicula canadensis Present Native Uncommon
cluster-sanicle Sanicula gregaria Present Native Uncommon
clustered blacksnakeroot Sanicula odorata Unconfirmed Native - -
Canada garlic, meadow garlic Allium canadense var. canadense Present Native Uncommon
cultivated garlic Allium sativum Present Non-native Uncommon
common goldstar Hypoxis hirsuta Present Native Uncommon
Common Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium angustifolium Present Native Uncommon
Common Lady's Slipper, Moccasin Flower Cypripedium acaule Present Native Rare
crippled cranefly Tipularia discolor Present Native Rare
common yarrow Achillea millefolium Present Non-native Rare
Common Burdock Arctium minus Present Non-native Common
Common Mugwort Artemisia vulgaris Unconfirmed Non-native - -
calico aster Aster lateriflorus Present Native Common
Crooked-stem aster Aster prenanthoides Present Native Uncommon
crowned beggarticks Bidens coronata Present Native Uncommon
- - Cacalia atriplicifolia Present Native Uncommon
Chicory Cichorium intybus Present Non-native Common
Canada Thistle Cirsium arvense Present Non-native Common
Canadian horseweed Conyza canadensis Present Native Common
coreopsis, tickseed Coreopsis - - - - - -
Crepis Crepis capillaris Unconfirmed Non-native - -
common boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum Present Native Common
Catfoot Gnaphalium obtusifolium Unconfirmed Native - -
common sneezeweed Helenium autumnale var. autumnale Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Sunflower Helianthus annuus Present Native Rare
cat's-ear Hypochaeris radicata Present Non-native Uncommon
China lettuce, prickly lettuce, wild lettuce Lactuca serriola Present Non-native Uncommon
cutleaf coneflower Rudbeckia laciniata Present Native Common
Common Groundsel Senecio vulgaris Present Non-native Uncommon
compass plant, compassplant Silphium laciniatum Not In Park Native - -
Canada Goldenrod Solidago canadensis Present Native Common
Common Sow Thistle Sonchus oleraceus Present Non-native Unknown
Coltsfoot Tussilago farfara Present Non-native Common
cocklebur Xanthium strumarium Present Non-native Uncommon
Cardinal Flower Lobelia cardinalis Present Native Rare
Comfrey Symphytum officinale Present Non-native Rare
cabbage Brassica oleracea Probably Present Non-native - -
cutleaf toothwort Cardamine concatenata Present Native Common
- - Cardamine rhomboidea Present Native Uncommon
- - Chenopodium hybridum Present Native Unknown
common chickweed, longstem chickweed, nodding chickweed, nodding mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium nutans Present Native Rare
common mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium vulgatum Present Non-native Uncommon
Corn Spurry Spergula arvensis Present Non-native Unknown
common chickweed Stellaria media Present Non-native Rare
colored smartweed, devil's shoestring, longroot smartweed, swamp smartweed, tanweed Polygonum amphibium var. emersum Present Native Rare
curltop ladysthumb, curlytop knotweed, curlytop smartweed, dock-leaf smartweed, nodding smartweed, pale smartweed Polygonum lapathifolium Present Native Rare
climbing false-buckwheat Polygonum scandens Present Native Common
common sheep sorrel Rumex acetosella Present Non-native Common
Curly dock Rumex crispus Present Non-native Uncommon
climbing euonymus, winter creeper Euonymus fortunei Present Non-native Common
common hornwort, coon's tail, coon's-tail, coontail, hornwort Ceratophyllum demersum Present Native Uncommon
common juniper, dwarf juniper Juniperus communis Present Native Rare
Common Elder Sambucus canadensis Present Native Uncommon
Crown Vetch Coronilla varia Present Non-native Uncommon
Canada tickclover, showy ticktrefoil, showy tick-trefoil Desmodium canadense Present Native Uncommon
Carolina vetch Vicia caroliniana Present Native Rare
Cow Vetch, Tufted Vetch Vicia cracca Present Non-native Rare
chinkapin oak Quercus muehlenbergii Present Native Rare
chestnut oak Quercus prinus Present Native Rare
Common Milkweed Asclepias syriaca Present Native Common
common periwinkle Vinca minor Present Non-native Uncommon
closed bottle gentian Gentiana andrewsii Present Native Uncommon
closed bottle gentian Gentiana andrewsii var. andrewsii Unconfirmed Native - -
common buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Present Native Uncommon
Canadian summer bluet Houstonia canadensis Present Native Rare
- - Catalpa - - - - - -
common bugle Ajuga reptans Present Non-native Rare
Catnip Nepeta cataria Present Non-native Uncommon
common selfheal Prunella vulgaris Present Native Common
Common Privet Ligustrum vulgare Present Non-native Common
Common Lilac Syringa vulgaris Present Non-native Rare
- - Chelone glabra var. linifolia Present Native Uncommon
Common Plantain Plantago major Present Non-native Uncommon
corn speedwell Veronica arvensis Present Non-native Uncommon
Common Speedwell Veronica officinalis Present Non-native Uncommon
Culver's Root Veronicastrum virginicum Present Native Uncommon
Common Mullein Verbascum thapsus Present Non-native Uncommon
Canada Lily Lilium canadense Present Native Uncommon
cat greenbrier Smilax glauca Present Native Uncommon
cucumber-tree Magnolia acuminata Present Native Uncommon
Common St. Johnswort Hypericum perforatum Present Non-native Common
coyote willow, desert willow, narrowleaf willow, sandbar willow Salix exigua Present Native Common
Crack Willow Salix fragilis Present Native Uncommon
Canadian white violet Viola canadensis Present Native Rare
common blue violet Viola papilionacea Present Native Common
common blue violet Viola sororia Present Native Common
Common Mallow, Cheeses Malva neglecta Present Non-native Uncommon
- - Circaea canadensis var. virginiana Unconfirmed Native - -
common evening primrose Oenothera biennis Present Native Common
Cow-lily Nuphar advena Present Native Unknown
cutleaf grapefern Botrychium dissectum Present Native Uncommon
Cinnamon Fern Osmunda cinnamomea Present Native Uncommon
cinnamon fern Osmunda cinnamomea var. cinnamomea Unconfirmed Native - -
common yellow oxalis Oxalis stricta Present Native Uncommon
Colorado blue spruce Picea pungens Present Non-native Common
Carolina hemlock Tsuga caroliniana Present Non-native Rare
Canadian wildginger Asarum canadense Present Native Uncommon
carex, sedge, sedge species, sedges Carex - - - - - -
- - Carex annectens var. xanthocarpa Present Native Occasional
Carey's sedge Carex careyana Present Native Unknown
common fox sedge Carex vulpinoidea Present Native Uncommon
chufa flatsedge, yellow nutgrass, yellow nutsedge Cyperus esculentus Present Native Uncommon
- - Cyperus nashii Unconfirmed Native - -
creeping spike-rush Eleocharis calva Present Native Uncommon
Creeping Spike-rush Eleocharis palustris Present Native Uncommon
common rush Juncus effusus Present Native Common
Carolina woodrush Luzula acuminata var. carolinae Present Native Uncommon
common woodrush Luzula multiflora Present Native Common
Canada Bluejoint Calamagrostis canadensis Present Native Rare
cypress panicgrass Dichanthelium dichotomum Present Native Uncommon
Carolina crabgrass, fall witchgrass Digitaria cognata var. cognata Unconfirmed Native - -
Canada wildrye Elymus canadensis Present Native Uncommon
Common Darnel, Perennial Ryegrass Lolium perenne Present Non-native Uncommon
Common Reed Phragmites australis Present Non-native Common
Canada bluegrass Poa compressa Present Non-native Common
cattail Typha - - - - - -
Crested Wood Fern Dryopteris cristata Present Native Uncommon
Christmas Fern Polystichum acrostichoides Present Native Common
Christmas fern Polystichum acrostichoides var. acrostichoides Present Native Common
common moonseed Menispermum canadense Present Native Uncommon
Celandine Chelidonium majus Present Non-native Uncommon
celandine Chelidonium majus var. majus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Creeping Buttercup Ranunculus repens Present Non-native Common
cursed buttercup Ranunculus sceleratus var. sceleratus Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Hop Humulus lupulus Present Native Unknown
cherry silverberry Elaeagnus multiflora Present Non-native Rare
Common Buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica Present Non-native Common
Chinese buckthorn Rhamnus utilis Present Non-native Unknown
Common Shadbush Amelanchier arborea Present Native Common
common serviceberry Amelanchier arborea var. arborea Present - - - -
- - Crataegus coccinea Present Native Uncommon
cream avens Geum virginianum Present Native Uncommon
common cinquefoil Potentilla simplex Present Native Common
chokecherry, plum Prunus - - - - - -
Choke Cherry Prunus virginiana Present Native Common
chokecherry Prunus virginiana var. virginiana Present Native Unknown
Common pear Pyrus communis Present Non-native Rare
climbing rose Rosa setigera Present Native Rare
Common Blackberry Rubus allegheniensis Present Native Common
Chinese elm Ulmus pumila Present Non-native Unknown
Canadian woodnettle Laportea canadensis Present Native Common
Canadian clearweed Pilea pumila Present Native Uncommon
California nettle, slender nettle, stinging nettle, tall nettle Urtica dioica var. procera Present Native Uncommon
creeping jenny, European bindweed, field bindweed, perennial morningglory, smallflowered morningglory Convolvulus arvensis Present Non-native Uncommon
- - Convolvulus spithamaeus Present Native Unknown
Common Dodder, Love Vine Cuscuta gronovii Present Native Uncommon
clammy ground-cherry Physalis heterophylla Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Duckweed Lemna trisulca Present Native Rare
devil's walkingstick Aralia spinosa Present Non-native Rare
dwarf ginseng Panax trifolius Present Native Uncommon
daffodil Narcissus pseudonarcissus Present Non-native Uncommon
dwarf crested iris Iris cristata Present Native Uncommon
downy rattlesnake plantain Goodyera pubescens Present Native Rare
Devil's Paintbrush, Orange Hawkweed Hieracium aurantiacum Present Non-native Uncommon
Dame's Rocket Hesperis matronalis Present Non-native Uncommon
Deptford pink Dianthus armeria Present Non-native Uncommon
Doorweed, Common Knotgrass Polygonum aviculare Present Non-native Common
dotted smartweed Polygonum punctatum Present Non-native Uncommon
Dock Rumex altissimus Present Native Rare
dogwood Cornus - - - - - -
downy phlox Phlox pilosa Present Native Rare
Dillenius' ticktrefoil Desmodium glabellum Present Native Uncommon
downy pagoda-plant Blephilia ciliata Present Native Rare
dwarf snapdragon Chaenorhinum minus Present Non-native Rare
deeproot clubmoss Lycopodium tristachyum Present Native Rare
Drummond's St. Johnswort, nits and lice Hypericum drummondii Present Native Rare
dwarf St. Johnswort Hypericum mutilum Present Native Rare
downy yellow violet Viola pubescens Present Native Common
Dwarf Enchanter's Nightshade Circaea alpina Present Native Uncommon
Dillen's oxalis, slender yellow woodsorrel Oxalis dillenii Present Native Rare
Drooping Wood Sedge Carex arctata Present Native Rare
drooping sedge Carex prasina Present Native Rare
drooping bulrush Scirpus lineatus Present