Effigy Mounds National Monument Park

Rank: 248

Park Description

The mounds preserved here are considered sacred by many Americans, especially the Monument's 18 culturally associated American Indian tribes. A visit offers opportunities to contemplate the meanings of the mounds and the people who built them. The 200 plus American Indian mounds are located in one of the most picturesque sections of the Upper Mississippi River Valley.

Park Address

Effigy Mounds National Monument 151 HWY 76

Harpers Ferry, IA, 52146

Effigy Mounds National Monument Park Activites




Species in Effigy Mounds National Monument Park by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in Effigy Mounds National Monument Park. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Beaver, Beaver, Canadian Beaver Castor canadensis Probably Present Native - -
American short-tailed shrews Blarina - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bobcat Lynx rufus Present Native Unknown
Bonaparte Weasel, Bonaparte's Weasel, Ermine, Short-tailed Weasel Mustela erminea Probably Present Native - -
badger Taxidea taxus Probably Present Native - -
big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
coyote Canis latrans Present Native Unknown
common gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus Probably Present Native - -
Common Muskrat, Muskrat, Musquash, Water Rat Ondatra zibethicus Present Native Abundant
Chipmunks Tamias - - - - - -
Chickaree, Red Squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
deer mice, white-footed mice Peromyscus - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Spotted Skunk, spotted skunk Spilogale putorius Probably Present Native - -
Eastern Pipistrelle, Northern Georgian Bat Pipistrellus subflavus Probably Present Native - -
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Probably Present Native - -
eastern gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis Present Native Abundant
eastern fox squirrel Sciurus niger Present Native Abundant
eastern chipmunk Tamias striatus Present Native Abundant
eastern mole Scalopus aquaticus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
house mouse Mus musculus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata Probably Present Native - -
least weasel Mustela rixosa Probably Present Native - -
little brown bat Myotis lucifugus Probably Present Native - -
least shrew Cryptotis parva Present Native Unknown
long-tailed shrew Sorex dispar Not In Park Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mink Mustela vison Probably Present Native - -
meadow jumping mouse Zapus hudsonius Present Native Abundant
meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus Present Native Abundant
Masked Shrew Sorex cinereus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Norway rat Rattus norvegicus Not In Park Native - -
northern short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Otter, River Otter Lutra canadensis Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Plains pocket gopher Geomys bursarius Probably Present Native - -
prairie vole Microtus ochrogaster Present Native Unknown
prairie deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Red Fox Vulpes fulva Present Native Abundant
raccoon Procyon lotor Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis Present Native Unknown
silver-haired bat Lasionycteris noctivagans Probably Present Native - -
southern bog lemming Synaptomys cooperi Present Native Rare
southern flying squirrel Glaucomys volans Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
thirteen-lined ground squirrel Spermophilus tridecemlineatus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Present Native Abundant
white-tailed jack rabbit, White-tailed Jackrabbit Lepus townsendii Probably Present Native - -
woodland vole Microtus pinetorum Probably Present Native - -
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Present Native Abundant
western harvest mouse Reithrodontomys megalotis Present Native Rare
woodchuck Marmota monax Probably Present Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Golden Eagle, Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos Present Native Uncommon
American Rough-legged Hawk, Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus Present Native Uncommon
American Pintail, Northern Pintail, Pintail Anas acuta Present Native Common
American Wigeon, Baldpate Anas americana Present Native Common
American Black Duck, Black Duck, Common Black Duck, Red-legged Black Duck Anas rubripes Present Native Uncommon
American Brant, Brant Branta bernicla Unconfirmed Native - -
American Golden-eye, Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula Present Native Common
American Common Scoter, American Scoter, Black Scoter, Butter-bill, Common Scoter Melanitta nigra Unconfirmed Native - -
American Merganser, Common Merganser Mergus merganser Present Native Common
American Golden Plover, American Golden-Plover, Eastern American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica Probably Present Native - -
American Black Tern, Black Tern Chlidonias niger Present Native Common
American Herring Gull, Herring Gull Larus argentatus Present Native Common
Atlantic Kittiwake, Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla Unconfirmed Native - -
American Avocet, Avocet Recurvirostra americana Unconfirmed Native - -
American Knot, Knot, Red Knot Calidris canutus Unconfirmed Native - -
american woodcock Scolopax minor Present Native Uncommon
American Peregrine Falcon, Duck Hawk, Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Present Native Uncommon
American Gyrfalcon, Gyrfalcon, White Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus Unconfirmed Native - -
american kestrel Falco sparverius Present Native Common
Arctic Loon Gavia arctica Unconfirmed Native - -
American Coot, Northern American Coot Fulica americana Present Native Abundant
american crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Present Native Common
american tree sparrow Spizella arborea Present Native Common
american goldfinch Carduelis tristis Present Native Common
American Pipit, American Water Pipit, Water Pipit Anthus rubescens Unconfirmed Native - -
Acadian Boreal Chickadee Poecile hudsonicus Unconfirmed Native - -
american redstart Setophaga ruticilla Present Native Common
american robin Turdus migratorius Present Native Common
alder flycatcher Empidonax alnorum Probably Present Native - -
acadian flycatcher Empidonax virescens Present Native Uncommon
Arkansas Kingbird, Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis Unconfirmed Native - -
American Egret, Common Egret?, Great Egret Ardea alba Present Native Common
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus Present Native Uncommon
American White Pelican, White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Present Native Uncommon
American Long-eared Owl, Long-eared Owl Asio otus Probably Present Native - -
American Hawk Owl, Hawk Owl, Northern Hawk Owl Surnia ulula Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
broad-winged hawk Buteo platypterus Present Native Common
Bald Eagle, Northern Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Present Native Common
black vulture Coragyps atratus Unconfirmed Native - -
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Present Native Common
Bufflehead, Buffle-head Bucephala albeola Present Native Common
Blue Goose, Snow Goose Chen caerulescens Present Native Common
Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola Probably Present Native - -
Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia Probably Present Native - -
Bartramian Sandpiper, Upland Plover, Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda Probably Present Native - -
Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii Unconfirmed Native - -
Belted Kingfisher, Eastern Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Present Native Common
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus Present Native Uncommon
Bohemian Waxwing, Greater Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus Unconfirmed Native - -
Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus Unconfirmed Native - -
Brown Creeper Certhia americana Present Native Uncommon
blue jay Cyanocitta cristata Present Native Common
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Common
Bank Swallow, Common Bank Swallow Riparia riparia Present Native Common
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus Present Native Uncommon
Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus Unconfirmed Native - -
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Present Native Common
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Native Common
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Present Native Common
Boreal chickadee Parus hudsonicus Unconfirmed Native - -
Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus Present Native Common
black-throated blue warbler Dendroica caerulescens Present Native Uncommon
bay-breasted warbler Dendroica castanea Present Native Common
blackburnian warbler Dendroica fusca Present Native Uncommon
blackpoll warbler Dendroica striata Present Native Common
black-throated green warbler Dendroica virens Present Native Uncommon
black-and-white warbler Mniotilta varia Present Native Common
blue-winged warbler Vermivora pinus Present Native Uncommon
blue-gray gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Present Native Common
Bewick's Wren, Eastern Bewick's Wren Thryomanes bewickii Unconfirmed Native - -
Bell's Vireo Vireo bellii Unconfirmed Native - -
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius Probably Present Native - -
Black-crowned Night Heron, Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Present Native Uncommon
barred owl Strix varia Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
cooper's hawk Accipiter cooperii Present Native Common
Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Mallard, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Present Native Abundant
Common White-fronted Goose, Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons Probably Present Native - -
Canvasback Aythya valisineria Present Native Common
Canada Goose, Eastern Canada Goose Branta canadensis Present Native Common
Cackling Goose Branta hutchinsii Unconfirmed Native - -
chimney swift Chaetura pelagica Present Native Common
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor Present Native Common
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia Probably Present Native - -
Common Tern, Northern Common Tern Sterna hirundo Present Native Common
Common Snipe, Wilson's Common Snipe, Wilson's Snipe Gallinago gallinago Present Native Uncommon
Canada Ruffed Grouse, Partridge, Ruffed Grouse, Timber Grouse Bonasa umbellus Present Native Uncommon
Common Partridge, European Gray Partridge, European Partridge, Gray Partridge Perdix perdix Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Common Loon, Greater Common Loon Gavia immer Probably Present Native - -
Common Gallinule, Common Moorhen, Florida Gallinule Gallinula chloropus Probably Present Native - -
cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Present Native Common
Common Raven, Northern Raven, Raven Corvus corax Probably Present Native - -
Canada Gray Jay, Canada Jay, Gray Jay Perisoreus canadensis Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Lapland Longspur, Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus Unconfirmed Native - -
Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida Unconfirmed Native - -
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present Native Common
Common Redpoll, Greater Redpoll, Mealy Redpoll Carduelis flammea Unconfirmed Native - -
Coues' Hoary Redpoll, Hoary Redpoll Carduelis hornemanni Unconfirmed Native - -
Canadian Pine Grosbeak, Newfoundland Pine Grosbeak, Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator Unconfirmed Native - -
Cliff Swallow, Eastern Cliff Swallow, Eave Swallow, Northern Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Present Native Common
common grackle Quiscalus quiscula Present Native Common
cerulean warbler Dendroica cerulea Present Native Uncommon
chestnut-sided warbler Dendroica pensylvanica Present Native Common
cape may warbler Dendroica tigrina Present Native Uncommon
common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Present Native Common
connecticut warbler Oporornis agilis Probably Present Native - -
Common Oven-bird, Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapillus Present Native Common
canada warbler Wilsonia canadensis Probably Present Native - -
carolina wren Thryothorus ludovicianus Present Native Uncommon
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Unconfirmed Native - -
Carolina Parakeet Conuropsis carolinensis Unconfirmed - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Dunlin, Red-backed Dunlin, Red-backed Sandpiper Calidris alpina Unconfirmed Native - -
Dickcissel Spiza americana Probably Present Native - -
dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis Present Native Common
downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens Present Native Common
Double-crested Cormorant, Northern Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Goshawk, Goshawk, Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Present Native Uncommon
Eurasian Wigeon, European Widgeon, Widgeon Anas penelope Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Eastern White-winged Scoter, White-winged Coot, White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Glaucous Gull, Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Least Tern, Least Tern Sterna antillarum Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Willet, Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Dowitcher, Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus Probably Present Native - -
Eastern Solitary Sandpiper, Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria Present Native Common
Eastern Pigeon Hawk, Merlin, Pigeon Hawk Falco columbarius Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Lark Sparrow, Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus Probably Present Native - -
Eastern Savannah Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Probably Present Native - -
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Present Native Common
Eastern Snow Bunting, Snow Bunting, Snowflake Plectrophenax nivalis Probably Present Native - -
Eastern Vesper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Present Native Uncommon
evening grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus Probably Present Native - -
eastern meadowlark Sturnella magna Present Native Common
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present Non-native Abundant
eastern bluebird Sialia sialis Present Native Common
eastern wood-pewee Contopus virens Present Native Common
eastern phoebe Sayornis phoebe Present Native Common
eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Present Native Common
Eastern Green Heron, Green heron, Green-backed Heron Butorides virescens Present Native Common
Eastern Glossy Ibis, Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus Unconfirmed Native - -
Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Screech-Owl, Screech Owl Otus asio Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Franklin's Gull Larus pipixcan Unconfirmed Native - -
Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri Present Native Common
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca Present Native Uncommon
field sparrow Spizella pusilla Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca Present Native Common
Gadwall Anas strepera Probably Present Native - -
Greater Scaup, Greater Scaup Duck Aythya marila Probably Present Native - -
Greater Yellowlegs, Greater Yellow-legs Tringa melanoleuca Probably Present Native - -
Greater Prairie Chicken, Greater Prairie-Chicken Tympanuchus cupido Unconfirmed Native - -
grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum Unconfirmed Native - -
Great Gray Shrike, Northern Shrike Lanius excubitor Probably Present Native - -
gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis Present Native Common
golden-winged warbler Vermivora chrysoptera Present Native Uncommon
golden-crowned kinglet Regulus satrapa Present Native Uncommon
gray-cheeked thrush Catharus minimus Present Native Uncommon
great crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Present Native Common
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present Native Common
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus Present Native Common
Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica Unconfirmed Native - -
horned lark Eremophila alpestris Unconfirmed Native - -
Henslow's sparrow Ammodramus henslowii Unconfirmed Native - -
Harris' Sparrow, Harris's Sparrow Zonotrichia querula Unconfirmed Native - -
house finch Carpodacus mexicanus Present Non-native Common
hooded warbler Wilsonia citrina Probably Present Native - -
house sparrow Passer domesticus Present Non-native Abundant
house wren Troglodytes aedon Present Native Common
hermit thrush Catharus guttatus Present Native Common
hairy woodpecker Picoides villosus Present Native Common
Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus Probably Present Native - -
Holboell's Grebe, Holboell's Red-necked Grebe, Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Killdeer, Northern Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Present Native Common
King Rail, Northern King Rail Rallus elegans Unconfirmed Native - -
kentucky warbler Oporornis formosus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lesser Scaup, Lesser Scaup Duck Aythya affinis Present Native Common
Long-tailed Duck, Old Squaw, Oldsquaw Clangula hyemalis Unconfirmed Native - -
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla Probably Present Native - -
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus Probably Present Native - -
Long-billed Curlew, Southern Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus Unconfirmed Native - -
Lesser Yellowlegs, Lesser Yellow-legs Tringa flavipes Present Native Common
Le Conte's Sparrow, LeConte's Sparrow Ammodramus leconteii Unconfirmed Native - -
Lincoln's Sparrow, Northern Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Unconfirmed Native - -
loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus Probably Present Native - -
Louisana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla Probably Present Native - -
Long-billed Marsh Wren, Marsh Wren, Prairie Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris Probably Present Native - -
least flycatcher Empidonax minimus Present Native Common
Little Blue Heron, Northern Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea Unconfirmed Native - -
Least Bittern, Eastern Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis Present Native Occasional
Mute Swan Cygnus olor Unconfirmed Native - -
Marbled godwit Limosa fedoa Unconfirmed Native - -
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Common
magnolia warbler Dendroica magnolia Present Native Common
mourning warbler Oporornis philadelphia Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Present Native Uncommon
Northern shoveler, Shoveller Anas clypeata Present Native Common
Northern Ruddy Duck, Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Present Native Uncommon
Northern Roseate Tern, Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii Not In Park Native - -
Northern Phalarope, Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus Unconfirmed Native - -
northern bobwhite Colinus virginianus Probably Present Native - -
Northern Virginia Rail, Virginia Rail Rallus limicola Probably Present Native - -
northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Present Native Common
northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Present Native Common
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Unconfirmed Native - -
northern parula Parula americana Present Native Uncommon
Northern Waterthrush, Northern Water-Thrush Seiurus noveboracensis Present Native Uncommon
nashville warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Present Native Common
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present Native Common
Northern Short-eared Owl, Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
osprey Pandion haliaetus Present Native Common
orchard oriole Icterus spurius Present Native Uncommon
orange-crowned warbler Vermivora celata Present Native Uncommon
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos Present Native Common
Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus Unconfirmed Native - -
Passenger Pigeon Ectopistes migratorius Unconfirmed - - - -
Pheasant, Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Present Non-native Common
Pine siskin Carduelis pinus Probably Present Native - -
purple finch Carpodacus purpureus Present Native Uncommon
purple martin Progne subis Probably Present Native - -
palm warbler Dendroica palmarum Present Native Common
pine warbler Dendroica pinus Probably Present Native - -
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea Present Native Common
Philadelphia vireo Vireo philadelphicus Present Native Uncommon
Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus Present Native Common
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present Native Common
red-shouldered hawk Buteo lineatus Present Native Uncommon
Redhead Aythya americana Present Native Common
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Present Native Common
Ross's Goose Chen rossii Unconfirmed Native - -
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator Present Native Uncommon
ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris Present Native Common
Ringed Plover, Semipalmated Plover, Semipalmated Ringed Plover Charadrius semipalmatus Probably Present Native - -
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Present Native Common
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres Unconfirmed Native - -
rock dove Columba livia Present Native Common
Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata Unconfirmed Native - -
rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus Present Native Common
Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra Present Native Rare
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Abundant
rusty blackbird Euphagus carolinus Present Native Rare
ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula Present Native Common
red-breasted nuthatch Sitta canadensis Unconfirmed Native - -
red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus Present Native Common
red-bellied woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus Present Native Common
red-headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sharp-shinned hawk Accipiter striatus Present Native Common
Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni Present Native Rare
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus Unconfirmed Native - -
Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata Unconfirmed Native - -
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia Present Native Common
Sanderling Calidris alba Unconfirmed Native - -
Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus Unconfirmed Native - -
Sharp-tailed Grouse Tympanuchus phasianellus Unconfirmed Native - -
Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis Present Native Uncommon
Sora Rail, Sora Porzana carolina Present Native Uncommon
swamp sparrow Melospiza georgiana Present Native Common
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Present Native Common
scarlet tanager Piranga olivacea Present Native Uncommon
Sedge Wren, Short-billed Marsh Wren, Short-billed Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis Present Native Uncommon
swainson's thrush Catharus ustulatus Present Native Common
Snowy Egret Egretta thula Unconfirmed Native - -
Snowy Owl Nyctea scandiaca Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Common
Trumpeter Swan Cygnus buccinator Unconfirmed Native - -
Tundra Swan, Whistling Swan Cygnus columbianus Present Native Common
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Present Native Common
tufted titmouse Baeolophus bicolor Present Native Common
tennessee warbler Vermivora peregrina Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
veery Catharus fuscescens Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Wood Duck Aix sponsa Present Native Common
whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus Probably Present Native - -
White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis Unconfirmed Native - -
Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor Unconfirmed Native - -
Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo Present Native Common
Whooping Crane Grus americana Unconfirmed Native - -
white-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Present Native Common
white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Present Native Common
White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera Unconfirmed Native - -
Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta Unconfirmed Native - -
Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta Unconfirmed Native - -
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorus Present Native Uncommon
wilson's warbler Wilsonia pusilla Present Native Uncommon
white-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Present Native Common
Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana Unconfirmed Native - -
winter wren Troglodytes troglodytes Probably Present Native - -
wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina Present Native Common
willow flycatcher Empidonax traillii Present Native Uncommon
warbling vireo Vireo gilvus Present Native Common
white-eyed vireo Vireo griseus Unconfirmed Native - -
White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi Unconfirmed Native - -
Western Grebe Aechmophorus occidentalis Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Present Native Common
Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Probably Present Native - -
yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata Present Native Common
yellow warbler Dendroica petechia Present Native Common
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens Present Native Rare
yellow-bellied flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris Probably Present Native - -
yellow-throated vireo Vireo flavifrons Present Native Uncommon
Yellow-crowned Night Heron, Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea Unconfirmed Native - -
yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
black racer Coluber constrictor Probably Present Native - -
Black Rat Snake Elaphe obsoleta obsoleta Present Native Abundant
Blanding's Turtle Emydoidea blandingii Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
- - Carphophis amoenus vermis Not In Park Non-native - -
common snapping turtle Chelydra serpentina Present Native Abundant
Common Map Turtle Graptemys geographica - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Desert Massasauga Sistrurus catenatus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Milk Snake Lampropeltis triangulum triangulum Present Native Unknown
eastern garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis Not In Park Native - -
Eastern garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fox Snake, Foxsnake, Western Foxsnake Elaphe vulpina Probably Present Native - -
five-lined skink Eumeces fasciatus Present Native Unknown
FALSE MAP TURTLE Graptemys pseudogeographica Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
- - Heterodon platyrhinos Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
MIDLAND BROWN SNAKE Storeria dekayi wrightorum Present Native Abundant
Map Turtles Graptemys - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern water snake Nerodia sipedon Present Native Unknown
northern redbelly snake Storeria occipitomaculata Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pine Snake, Pinesnake Pituophis melanoleucus Probably Present Native - -
plains garter snake Thamnophis radix Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
ringneck snake Diadophis punctatus Present Native Abundant
Red-sided Garter Snake Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
smooth green snake Opheodrys vernalis Unconfirmed Native - -
SIX-LINED RACERUNNER Cnemidophorus sexlineatus Not In Park Native - -
Smooth Softshell, smooth softshell turtle Apalone mutica Present Native Unknown
spiny softshell turtle Apalone spinifera Present Native Unknown
spiny softshell Trionyx spinifer Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
timber rattlesnake Crotalus horridus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Western Ribbonsnake Thamnophis proximus Probably Present Native - -
Western Painted Turtle Chrysemys picta bellii Present Native Abundant
Wood Turtle Clemmys insculpta Unconfirmed Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American toad Bufo americanus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bullfrog Rana catesbeiana Present Native Abundant
Blue-spotted Salamander Ambystoma laterale Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Chorus Frogs, Spring Peepers Pseudacris - - - - - -
Common Frog, Leopard Frog, Meadow Frog, Northern Leopard Frog Rana pipiens Present Native Abundant
Central Newt Notophthalmus viridescens louisianensis Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern tiger salamander Ambystoma tigrinum Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Four-toed Salamander Hemidactylium scutatum Not In Park Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Gray Treefrog, Rain Toad, Tree Toad Hyla versicolor Present Native Abundant
green frog Rana clamitans Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern cricket frog Acris crepitans Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pickerel frog Rana palustris Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
spring peeper Pseudacris crucifer Present Native Abundant
spotted salamander Ambystoma maculatum Not In Park Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
western chorus frog Pseudacris triseriata Present Native Abundant
wood frog Rana sylvatica Probably Present Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American paddlefish, paddlefish Polyodon spathula Probably Present Native - -
American Eel, Common Eel, Eel Anguilla rostrata Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bowfin Amia calva Present Native Common
bigmouth buffalo Ictiobus cyprinellus Present Native Common
black buffalo Ictiobus niger Present Native Uncommon
black redhorse Moxostoma duquesnei Unconfirmed Native - -
brassy minnow Hybognathus hankinsoni Probably Present Native - -
bigmouth shiner Notropis dorsalis Present Native Unknown
bluntnose minnow Pimephales notatus Present Native Common
bullhead minnow Pimephales vigilax Present Native Common
Burbot, Eelpout Lota lota Present Native Rare
brook stickleback Culaea inconstans Present Unknown Unknown
Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus Present Unknown Unknown
black crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus Present Native Common
blackside darter Percina maculata Present Native Rare
Brown Trout, Loch Leven Brown Trout, Scotch Sea-trout Salmo trutta Present Unknown Unknown
Brook Trout, Native Brook Trout Salvelinus fontinalis Probably Present Unknown - -
black bullhead Ameiurus melas Present Unknown Unknown
black bullhead Ictalurus melas Present Native Common
brown bullhead Ictalurus nebulosus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Sucker, White Sucker Catostomus commersoni Present Unknown Unknown
central stoneroller Campostoma anomalum Present Native Common
common carp Cyprinus carpio Present Unknown Unknown
Common Shiner Luxilus cornutus Present Unknown Unknown
common shiner Notropis cornutus Present Native Common
creek chub Semotilus atromaculatus Present Native Common
Common Sunfish, Pumpkinseed, Pumpkinseed Sunfish Lepomis gibbosus Present Native Common
crystal darter Ammocrypta asprella - - - - - -
Channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
emerald shiner Notropis atherinoides Present Native Common
eastern blacknose dace Rhinichthys atratulus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
fish, SHINER, SPOTTAIL Notropis hudsonius Present Native Common
Fathead Minnow Pimephales promelas Present Native Common
fantail darter Etheostoma flabellare Present Native Common
freshwater drum Aplodinotus grunniens Present Native Common
flathead catfish Pylodictis olivaris Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
gizzard shad Dorosoma cepedianum Present Unknown Unknown
golden redhorse Moxostoma erythrurum Present Native Uncommon
greater redhorse Moxostoma valenciennesi Unconfirmed Native - -
goldfish Carassius auratus Probably Present Non-native - -
grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella Not In Park Non-native - -
Golden Shiner Notemigonus crysoleucas Present Native Common
ghost shiner Notropis buchanani Unconfirmed Native - -
goldeye Hiodon alosoides Present Native Common
Green Sunfish Lepomis cyanellus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
highfin carpsucker Carpiodes velifer Present Native Uncommon
hornyhead chub Nocomis biguttatus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Iowa darter Etheostoma exile Unconfirmed Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
johnny darter Etheostoma nigrum Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Kamloops Trout, Rainbow Trout, Steelhead Trout, Steel-head Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
lake sturgeon Acipenser fulvescens Probably Present Native - -
largescale stoneroller Campostoma oligolepis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
longnose dace Rhinichthys cataractae Present Native Unknown
Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides Present Native Common
logperch Percina caprodes Present Native Uncommon
longnose gar Lepisosteus osseus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mississippi silvery minnow Hybognathus nuchalis - - - - - -
mooneye Hiodon tergisus Probably Present Native - -
mud darter Etheostoma asprigene Present Native Uncommon
mottled sculpin Cottus bairdii Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern hog sucker Hypentelium nigricans Present Native Common
Northern pike Esox lucius Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Orangespotted Sunfish Lepomis humilis Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
quillback Carpiodes cyprinus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
river carpsucker Carpiodes carpio Present Native Common
RIVER REDHORSE Moxostoma carinatum Unconfirmed Native - -
redside dace Clinostomus elongatus Present Unknown Unknown
river shiner Notropis blennius Present Native Common
red shiner Notropis lutrensis Probably Present Native - -
rosyface shiner Notropis rubellus Present Native Unknown
redfin shiner Notropis umbratilis Not In Park Native - -
rock bass Amblopites rupestris Present Native Uncommon
rainbow darter Etheostoma caeruleum Present Native Uncommon
river darter Percina shumardi Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
shovelnose sturgeon Scaphirhynchus platorynchus Present Native Uncommon
smallmouth buffalo Ictiobus bubalus Present Native Common
spotted sucker Minytrema melanops Present Native Common
silver redhorse Moxostoma anisurum Present Native Uncommon
shorthead redhorse Moxostoma macrolepidotum Present Native Common
spotfin shiner Cyprinella spiloptera Present Unknown Unknown
speckled chub Hybopsis aestivalis Probably Present Native - -
silver chub Hybopsis storeriana Present Native Common
spotfin shiner Notropis spilopterus Present Native Common
sand shiner Notropis stramineus Present Native Common
suckermouth minnow Phenacobius mirabilis Present Native Unknown
southern redbelly dace Phoxinus erythrogaster Present Native Unknown
Small Mouthed Black-bass, Smallmouth Bass, Small-mouthed Bass Micropterus dolomieu Present Native Common
slenderhead darter Percina phoxocephala Present Native Rare
- - Stizostedion canadense Present Native Common
Slimy sculpin Cottus cognatus Present Unknown Unknown
shortnose gar Lepisosteus platostomus Present Native Common
stonecat Noturus flavus Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
tadpole madtom Noturus gyrinus Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
weed shiner Notropis texanus Present Native Rare
warmouth Lepomis gulosus Present Native Uncommon
white crappie Pomoxis annularis Present Native Common
white bass Morone chrysops Present Native Common
western sand darter Ammocrypta clara Present Native Rare
walleye Stizostedion vitreum Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow bass Morone mississippiensis Present Native Uncommon
Yellow Perch Perca flavescens Present Native Uncommon
yellow bullhead Ameiurus natalis Present Unknown Unknown
yellow bullhead Ictalurus natalis Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
- - Alisma plantagoaquatica Unconfirmed Unknown - -
American water plantain, southern water plantain, waterplaintain Alisma subcordatum Present Native Common
arrowhead Sagittaria - - - - - -
arrow-arum Peltandra virginica Unconfirmed Unknown - -
American ginseng Panax quinquefolius Present Native Rare
asparagus Asparagus officinalis Present Non-native Rare
annual ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia Present Native Rare
aster Aster - - - - - -
- - Aster lanceolatus ssp. lanceolatus var. interior Present Native Uncommon
arrow-leaved aster Aster sagittifolius Unconfirmed Unknown - -
American bellflower Campanulastrum americanum Present Native Common
Aunt Lucy, false babyblueeyes, waterpod Ellisia nyctelea Present Native Rare
American stoneseed Lithospermum latifolium Present Native Rare
American bittersweet Celastrus scandens Present Native Rare
Asiatic dayflower Commelina communis Present Non-native Uncommon
American dogwood, red osier Cornus sericea ssp. sericea Present Native Uncommon
American bladdernut Staphylea trifolia Present Native Common
American Yew Taxus canadensis Present Native Rare
arrowwood, arrow-wood viburnum, southern arrowwood Viburnum dentatum Present Native Rare
arrowwood viburnum Viburnum rafinesquianum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
American hogpeanut Amphicarpaea bracteata Present Native Abundant
American hogpeanut Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Alfalfa, Lucerne Medicago sativa Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Alsike, Alsatian Clover Trifolium hybridum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
- - Alnus incana Unconfirmed Unknown - -
American hornbeam Carpinus caroliniana Present Native Common
American hazelnut Corylus americana Present Native Uncommon
American beech Fagus grandifolia Unconfirmed Unknown - -
American Germander Teucrium canadense Present Native Uncommon
ash Fraxinus - - - - - -
Allegheny monkey-flower Mimulus ringens Present Native Rare
American lopseed Phryma leptostachya Present Native Abundant
American basswood Tilia americana Present Native Common
American waterlily, American white waterlily, white waterlily Nymphaea odorata Present Native Uncommon
awned sedge, slough sedge, wheat sedge Carex atherodes Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Awl Sedge Carex stipata Present Native Unknown
Arizona spikerush Eleocharis cancellata Unconfirmed Unknown - -
American Great Bulrush Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani Unconfirmed Unknown - -
awnless brome, smooth brome Bromus inermis Present Non-native Unknown
annual bluegrass Poa annua Present Non-native Unknown
American lotus, lotus Nelumbo lutea Present Native Uncommon
American sycamore Platanus occidentalis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
algerita, barberry, berb?ris, holly grape, Oregon-grape Berberis - - - - - -
anemone Anemone - - - - - -
American pasqueflower, eastern pasqueflower, pasqueflower Pulsatilla patens Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Agrimony Agrimonia gryposepala Present Native Unknown
Avens Geum canadense Present Native Abundant
American plum Prunus americana Present Native Uncommon
American elm Ulmus americana Present Native Abundant
Atlantic poison oak, poison oak Toxicodendron pubescens Present Native Unknown
American watermilfoil, shortspike watermilfoil, Siberian water-milfoil Myriophyllum sibiricum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
alumroot Heuchera richardsonii Present Native Rare
American nightshade Solanum ptychanthum - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Big Duckweed Spirodela - - - - - -
broad waterweed, Canada waterweed, Canadian waterweed Elodea canadensis Present Native Uncommon
Bigleaf Pondweed Potamogeton amplifolius Unconfirmed Unknown - -
button eryngo, button snakeroot, Yuccaleaf eryngo Eryngium yuccifolium Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Black Snakeroot, Sanicle Sanicula marilandica Present Native Common
brown widelip orchid Liparis liliifolia Unconfirmed Unknown - -
beggartick, beggarticks, devil's sticktight, Spanish needles Bidens - - - - - -
bearded beggarticks Bidens aristosa Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Beggar Ticks, Stick-tight Bidens frondosa Present Native Common
bull thistle Cirsium vulgare Unconfirmed Unknown - -
biannual lettuce, Louisiana lettuce, wild lettuce Lactuca ludoviciana Unconfirmed Unknown - -
blazing star, gayfeather Liatris - - - - - -
blackeyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta Present Native Unknown
browneyed Susan Rudbeckia triloba Present Native Unknown
bottomland aster Symphyotrichum ontarione Present Native Uncommon
blowball, common dandelion, dandelion, faceclock Taraxacum officinale Present Non-native Uncommon
beggarslice Hackelia virginiana Present Native Uncommon
bluntleaf waterleaf Hydrophyllum canadense Unconfirmed Unknown - -
bird's rape, common mustard, field mustard, rape Brassica rapa var. rapa Unconfirmed Unknown - -
bog marshcress, bog yellowcress, common yellowcress, marsh yellowcress, marshcress, yellow watercress Rorippa palustris Present Native Uncommon
big chickweed Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare Present Non-native Uncommon
bouncingbet Saponaria officinalis Present Non-native Uncommon
Balkan catchfly Silene csereii Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Buckwheat Fagopyrum esculentum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
bristled knotweed Polygonum caespitosum Present Non-native Rare
black bindweed Polygonum convolvulus Present Non-native Common
bristle dock, golden dock Rumex maritimus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
bracted spiderwort, longbract spiderwort Tradescantia bracteata Unconfirmed Unknown - -
bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort Tradescantia ohiensis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
blue mudplantain Heteranthera limosa Unconfirmed Unknown - -
BUR CUCUMBER, oneseed burr cucumber Sicyos angulatus Present Native Uncommon
Bar Harbor Juniper, Creeping Juniper Juniperus horizontalis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
bushy vetchling, veiny pea, veiny peavine Lathyrus venosus Present Native Rare
Birdsfoot Trefoil Lotus corniculatus Present Non-native Rare
Black Medick Medicago lupulina Present Non-native Uncommon
black locust Robinia pseudoacacia Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Beaked Hazelnut Corylus cornuta Present Native Uncommon
bur oak Quercus macrocarpa Present Native Rare
black oak Quercus velutina Unconfirmed Unknown - -
bitternut hickory Carya cordiformis Present Native Abundant
butternut Juglans cinerea Present Native Rare
black walnut Juglans nigra Present Native Uncommon
bluntleaf milkweed, blunt-leaved milkweed, clasping milkweed, sand milkweed Asclepias amplexicaulis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
butterfly milkweed Asclepias tuberosa Unconfirmed Unknown - -
bedstraw Galium - - - - - -
buttonplant, smooth false buttonweed Spermacoce glabra Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Black Ash Fraxinus nigra Present Native Uncommon
Butter-and-eggs Linaria vulgaris Unconfirmed Unknown - -
blackseed plantain Plantago rugelii Present Native Uncommon
bigbract verbena, bracted vervain, carpet vervain, prostrate verbena, prostrate vervain Verbena bracteata Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Blue Vervain Verbena hastata Present Native Uncommon
bellwort Uvularia - - - - - -
Bluebead Lily Clintonia borealis Present Native Common
Blue Ridge carrion-flower Smilax lasioneura Present Native Uncommon
bristly greenbrier Smilax tamnoides Present Native Uncommon
black willow Salix nigra Present Native Uncommon
birdfoot violet Viola pedata Unconfirmed Unknown - -
bladder ketmia, flower of an hour, flower-of-an-hour, rosemallow, Venice mallow Hibiscus trionum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
broadleaf enchanter's nightshade Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis Present Native Abundant
bullhead lily, yellow pond-lily Nuphar luteum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Balsam Fir Abies balsamea Unconfirmed Unknown - -
brevior sedge, fescue sedge, shortbeak sedge Carex brevior Unconfirmed Unknown - -
bristleleaf sedge, bristle-leaf sedge Carex eburnea Present Native Unknown
burr reed sedge Carex sparganioides Present Native Unknown
bulrush Schoenoplectus - - - - - -
Beak rush Juncus - - - - - -
Beach Rush Juncus pelocarpus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
brown bentgrass Agrostis vinealis ssp. vinealis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
big bluestem Andropogon gerardii Present Native Unknown
bearded shorthusk Brachyelytrum erectum Present Native Abundant
brome, brome spp. Bromus - - - - - -
burgrass, field sandbur, innocent-weed, longspine sandbur, mat sandbur, sandbur Cenchrus longispinus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
broadleaf rosette grass Dichanthelium latifolium Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Barnyard Grass Echinochloa crus-galli Unconfirmed Unknown - -
bluegrass, bluegrass spp. Poa - - - - - -
bristlegrass Setaria - - - - - -
burreed, bur-reed Sparganium - - - - - -
Bur Reed Sparganium androcladum Present Native Uncommon
broadfruit burreed, broadfruit bur-reed, broad-fruit burr-reed, giant burreed Sparganium eurycarpum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Bur Reed Sparganium fluctuans Unconfirmed Unknown - -
broadleaf cattail Typha latifolia Present Native Uncommon
bracken fern Pteridium aquilinum Present Native Rare
broad beechfern Phegopteris hexagonoptera Present Native Rare
bulblet bladderfern Cystopteris bulbifera Present Native Uncommon
bluntlobe cliff fern Woodsia obtusa Present Native Rare
blue cohosh Caulophyllum thalictroides Present Native Uncommon
bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis Present Native Common
baneberry Actaea - - - - - -
buttercup Ranunculus - - - - - -
bristly buttercup Ranunculus hispidus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
blisterwort Ranunculus recurvatus Present Native Common
blister buttercup Ranunculus sceleratus Present Native Uncommon
buckthorn Rhamnus - - - - - -
bushy cinquefoil, Paradox cinquefoil Potentilla paradoxa Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Black Cherry Prunus serotina Present Native Uncommon
blackberry, brambles Rubus - - - - - -
bristly dewberry Rubus hispidus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
black raspberry Rubus occidentalis Present Native Uncommon
bastard toadflax Comandra umbellata Present Native Unknown
boxelder Acer negundo Present Native Uncommon
bishop's-cap, miterwort Mitella - - - - - -
black nightshade Solanum nigrum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
bluewitch, bluewitch nightshade Solanum umbelliferum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Arrrowhead Sagittaria latifolia Present Native Common
common duckweed, least duckweed, lesser duckweed Lemna minor Present Native Uncommon
Common Naiad Najas flexilis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
curly pondweed Potamogeton crispus Present Non-native Uncommon
Clasping-leaved Pondweed Potamogeton perfoliatus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Canadian honewort Cryptotaenia canadensis Present Native Abundant
Cow Parsnip Heracleum maximum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Clayton's sweetroot Osmorhiza claytonii Present Native Abundant
Canadian blacksnakeroot Sanicula canadensis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
clustered blacksnakeroot Sanicula odorata Present Native Common
common goldstar Hypoxis hirsuta Unconfirmed Unknown - -
common yarrow Achillea millefolium Present Native Unknown
common yarrow Achillea millefolium var. puberula Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Common Burdock Arctium minus Present Non-native Uncommon
cudweed sagewort, gray sagewort, Louisiana sagewort, Louisiana wormwood, mugwort wormwood, prairie sage, white sagebrush Artemisia ludoviciana Unconfirmed Unknown - -
crowned beggarticks Bidens coronata Unconfirmed Unknown - -
claspingleaf doll's daisy, decurrent false aster Boltonia decurrens Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Chicory Cichorium intybus Present Non-native Unknown
Canada Thistle Cirsium arvense Present Non-native Unknown
Canadian horseweed Conyza canadensis Present Native Uncommon
common boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum Present Native Unknown
Common Sunflower Helianthus annuus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Canada lettuce Lactuca canadensis Present Unknown Uncommon
China lettuce, prickly lettuce, wild lettuce Lactuca serriola Unconfirmed Unknown - -
cat-tail gayfeather, Kansas gayfeather, prairie blazing star Liatris pycnostachya Unconfirmed Unknown - -
cankerweed Prenanthes serpentaria Unconfirmed Unknown - -
cutleaf coneflower Rudbeckia laciniata Present Native Uncommon
compass plant, compassplant Silphium laciniatum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Canada Goldenrod Solidago canadensis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Canadian goldenrod Solidago canadensis var. scabra Unconfirmed Unknown - -
common blue wood aster Symphyotrichum cordifolium Unconfirmed Unknown - -
calico aster Symphyotrichum lateriflorum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
calico aster Symphyotrichum lateriflorum var. lateriflorum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
common salsify, goat's beard, goatsbeard, meadow goat's-beard, salsifis majeur, salsify, western goat's beard, western salsify, wild oysterplant, yellow goat's beard, yellow salsify Tragopogon dubius Unconfirmed Unknown - -
cocklebur Xanthium strumarium Unconfirmed Unknown - -
cocklebur Xanthium strumarium var. glabratum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Cardinal Flower Lobelia cardinalis Present Native Rare
cutleaf toothwort Cardamine concatenata Present Native Abundant
common waterhemp, tall amaranth Amaranthus rudis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
common chickweed, longstem chickweed, nodding chickweed, nodding mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium nutans Unconfirmed Unknown - -
common chickweed Stellaria media Present Non-native Uncommon
colored smartweed, devil's shoestring, longroot smartweed, swamp smartweed, tanweed Polygonum amphibium var. emersum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
curltop ladysthumb, curlytop knotweed, curlytop smartweed, dock-leaf smartweed, nodding smartweed, pale smartweed Polygonum lapathifolium Unconfirmed Unknown - -
climbing false-buckwheat Polygonum scandens Unconfirmed Unknown - -
common sheep sorrel Rumex acetosella Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Curly dock Rumex crispus Present Native Uncommon
common hornwort, coon's tail, coon's-tail, coontail, hornwort Ceratophyllum demersum Present Native Uncommon
- - Cornus foemina Unconfirmed Unknown - -
common juniper, dwarf juniper Juniperus communis Present Native Rare
common elderberry Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Creeping Snowberry Gaultheria hispidula Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Canada milkvetch, Canadian milkvetch, Canadian milk-vetch Astragalus canadensis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Canada tickclover, showy ticktrefoil, showy tick-trefoil Desmodium canadense Present Native Uncommon
Chinese lespedeza Lespedeza cuneata Unconfirmed Unknown - -
clover Trifolium - - - - - -
Carolina vetch Vicia caroliniana Unconfirmed Unknown - -
chinkapin oak Quercus muehlenbergii Present Native Unknown
caryer, hickory Carya - - - - - -
Common Milkweed Asclepias syriaca Present Native Unknown
common periwinkle Vinca minor Unconfirmed Unknown - -
common buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Present Native Uncommon
Catnip Nepeta cataria Present Non-native Uncommon
common selfheal Prunella vulgaris Present Native Uncommon
Common Bladderwort Utricularia macrorhiza Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Common Plantain Plantago major Present Native Uncommon
Culver's Root Veronicastrum virginicum Present Native Unknown
Common Mullein Verbascum thapsus Present Non-native Rare
Canada Lily Lilium canadense Unconfirmed Unknown - -
catbrier, common greenbriar, greenbriar, greenbrier, sarsaparilla Smilax - - - - - -
Common St. Johnswort Hypericum perforatum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
coyote willow, desert willow, narrowleaf willow, sandbar willow Salix exigua Unconfirmed Unknown - -
common blue violet Viola sororia Present Native Common
Common Mallow, Cheeses Malva neglecta Unconfirmed Unknown - -
common evening primrose Oenothera biennis Present Native Unknown
Carolina fanwort, fanwort Cabomba caroliniana Unconfirmed Unknown - -
cutleaf grapefern Botrychium dissectum Present Native Rare
Common Wood Sorrel Oxalis montana Unconfirmed Unknown - -
common yellow oxalis Oxalis stricta Present Native Common
Colorado blue spruce Picea pungens Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Canadian wildginger Asarum canadense Present Native Abundant
carex, sedge, sedge species, sedges Carex - - - - - -
cattail sedge Carex typhina Present Native Unknown
common fox sedge Carex vulpinoidea Present Native Unknown
chufa flatsedge, yellow nutgrass, yellow nutsedge Cyperus esculentus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Creeping Spike-rush Eleocharis palustris Unconfirmed Unknown - -
chairmaker's bulrush Schoenoplectus americanus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
common rush Juncus effusus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
common woodrush Luzula congesta Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Canada Bluejoint Calamagrostis canadensis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Canada wildrye Elymus canadensis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
cutgrass Leersia - - - - - -
catchfly grass Leersia lenticularis Present Native Rare
Common Reed Phragmites australis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Canada bluegrass Poa compressa Present Non-native Unknown
cattail Typha - - - - - -
Carolina yellow-eyed grass Xyris caroliniana Present Native Rare
common moonseed Menispermum canadense Present Native Uncommon
Celandine Chelidonium majus Present Non-native Rare
Canada anemone, Canadian anemone Anemone canadensis Present Native Uncommon
common hackberry Celtis occidentalis Present Native Abundant
Common Buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica Present Non-native Rare
Common Shadbush Amelanchier arborea Unconfirmed Unknown - -
- - Crataegus pumila - - - - - -
common cinquefoil Potentilla simplex Present Native Uncommon
chokecherry, plum Prunus - - - - - -
Choke Cherry Prunus virginiana Present Native Uncommon
Common Blackberry Rubus allegheniensis Present Native Uncommon
Chinese elm Ulmus pumila Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Canadian woodnettle Laportea canadensis Present Native Abundant
Canadian clearweed Pilea pumila Present Native Abundant
Carolina mosquitofern Azolla caroliniana Unconfirmed Unknown - -
common pricklyash, common pricky-ash, toothachetree Zanthoxylum americanum Present Native Common
currant Ribes - - - - - -
creeping jenny, European bindweed, field bindweed, perennial morningglory, smallflowered morningglory Convolvulus arvensis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Common Dodder, Love Vine Cuscuta gronovii Present Native Uncommon
clammy ground-cherry Physalis heterophylla Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
duckweed Lemna - - - - - -
Duckweed Lemna trisulca Present Native Uncommon
duckmeat Spirodela polyrhiza Present Non-native Uncommon
Ditch-grass Ruppia maritima Unconfirmed Unknown - -
downy rattlesnake plantain Goodyera pubescens Present Native Uncommon
dense blazing star Liatris spicata Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Driftless area goldenrod Solidago sciaphila Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Drummond's aster Symphyotrichum drummondii var. drummondii Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Dame's Rocket Hesperis matronalis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Deptford pink Dianthus armeria Present Non-native Unknown
Doorweed, Common Knotgrass Polygonum aviculare Present Native Uncommon
dotted smartweed Polygonum punctatum Present Native Rare
dock Rumex - - - - - -
Dock Rumex altissimus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
dogwood Cornus - - - - - -
downy phlox Phlox pilosa Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Dark-throat shooting-star Dodecatheon pulchellum Present Native Uncommon
Dillenius' ticktrefoil Desmodium glabellum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
downy gentian Gentiana puberulenta Unconfirmed Unknown - -
disc waterhyssop, disk waterhyssop, disk water-hyssop, wet waterhyssop Bacopa rotundifolia Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Deam's threeseed mercury Acalypha deamii Unconfirmed Unknown - -
downy yellow violet Viola pubescens Present Native Common
downy yellow violet Viola pubescens var. pubescens Unconfirmed Unknown - -
downy yellow violet Viola pubescens var. scabriuscula Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Davis' sedge Carex davisii Present Native Unknown
Dwarf Spike-rush Eleocharis parvula Unconfirmed Unknown - -
dwarf bulrush, smallflower halfchaff sedge, small-flower halfchaff sedge, smallflower hemicarpha Lipocarpha micrantha Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Dudley rush, Dudley's rush Juncus dudleyi Unconfirmed Unknown - -
deertongue Dichanthelium clandestinum Present Native Common
dwarf cliffbrake Pellaea glabella Present Native Rare
dutchman's breeches Dicentra cucullaria Present Native Unknown
devil's darning needles Clematis virginiana Present Native Rare
ditch stonecrop, Virginia penthorum Penthorum sedoides Present Native Rare
dodder Cuscuta - - - - - -
Deadly Nightshade Solanum dulcamara Unconfirmed Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern lined wild aster Aster lanceolatus ssp. lanceolatus var. lanceolatus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
eastern purple coneflower Echinacea purpurea Unconfirmed Unknown - -
eastern daisy fleabane Erigeron annuus Present Native Uncommon
elm-leaved goldenrod