Fire Island National Seashore Park

Rank: 149

Park Description

Immerse yourself in an enchanting collage of coastal life and history. Rhythmic waves, high dunes, ancient maritime forests, historic landmarks and glimpses of wildlife, Fire Island has been a special place for diverse plants, animals and people for centuries. Far from the pressure of nearby big-city life, dynamic barrier island beaches offer both solitude and camaraderie, and spiritual renewal.

Park Address

Fire Island National Seashore 120 Laurel Street

Patchogue, NY, 11772

Fire Island National Seashore Park Activites

BOATING

CAMPING

FISHING

HIKING

HUNTING

WILDLIFE VIEWING

SWIMMING


Species in Fire Island National Seashore Park by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in Fire Island National Seashore Park. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.



 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Atlantic White-sided Dolphin Lagenorhynchus acutus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Blue Whale Balaenoptera musculus Probably Present Native - -
Bottlenose Dolphin Tursiops truncatus Present Native Abundant
Blainville's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon densirostris Probably Present Native - -
Beluga, Belukha, White whale Delphinapterus leucas Present Native Rare
big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
common otter, North American River Otter, northern river otter, river otter Lontra canadensis Present Native Unknown
Common Seal, Hair Seal, Harbor Seal Phoca vitulina Present Native Abundant
Cuvier's beaked whale Ziphius cavirostris Probably Present Native - -
Common Muskrat, Muskrat, Musquash, Water Rat Ondatra zibethicus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern red bat Lasiurus borealis Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Small-footed Myotis, Small-footed Myotis Myotis leibii Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Present Non-native Common
eastern gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern chipmunk Tamias striatus Unconfirmed Native - -
Elliot's Short-tailed Shrew Blarina hylophaga Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern mole Scalopus aquaticus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
fin whale Balaenoptera physalus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Gray Seal Halichoerus grypus Present Native Common
Gervais' Beaked Whale Mesoplodon europaeus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hooded Seal Cystophora cristata Probably Present Native - -
harp seal Pagophilus groenlandicus Probably Present Native - -
humpback whale Megaptera novaeangliae Probably Present Native - -
harbor porpoise Phocoena phocoena Probably Present Native - -
hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus Unconfirmed Native - -
house mouse Mus musculus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
killer whale Orcinus orca Probably Present Native - -
Keen's Myotis, Northern Long-eared Bat, Northern Myotis, Say's Bat Myotis keenii Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata Present Native Unknown
Long-finned Pilot Whale Globicephala melas Present Native Abundant
little brown bat Myotis lucifugus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mink Mustela vison Present Native Unknown
minke whale Balaenoptera acutorostrata Present Native Abundant
meadow jumping mouse Zapus hudsonius Present Native Uncommon
meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus Present Native Abundant
Masked Shrew Sorex cinereus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
North Atlantic Right Whale Eubalaena glacialis Probably Present Native - -
New England cottontail Sylvilagus transitionalis Unconfirmed Native - -
Norway rat Rattus norvegicus Unconfirmed Native - -
northern short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pantropical Spotted Dolphin Stenella attenuata Probably Present Native - -
Pygmy Sperm Whale Kogia breviceps Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red fox Vulpes vulpes Unconfirmed Non-native - -
ringed seal Pusa hispida Probably Present Native - -
raccoon Procyon lotor Unconfirmed Native - -
Risso's Dolphin Grampus griseus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Sei Whale Balaenoptera borealis Probably Present Native - -
Short-beaked Common Dolphin Delphinus delphis Probably Present Native - -
Striped Dolphin Stenella coeruleoalba Probably Present Native - -
sperm whale Physeter catodon Probably Present Native - -
silver-haired bat Lasionycteris noctivagans Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
True's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon mirus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Present Native Abundant
woodland vole Microtus pinetorum Unconfirmed Native - -
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Golden Eagle, Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos Probably Present Native - -
American Rough-legged Hawk, Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus Present Native Occasional
American Pintail, Northern Pintail, Pintail Anas acuta Present Native Rare
American Wigeon, Baldpate Anas americana Present Native Rare
American Black Duck, Black Duck, Common Black Duck, Red-legged Black Duck Anas rubripes Present Native Uncommon
American Brant, Brant Branta bernicla Present Native Abundant
American Golden-eye, Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula Present Native Common
American Common Scoter, American Scoter, Black Scoter, Butter-bill, Common Scoter Melanitta nigra Present Native Uncommon
American Merganser, Common Merganser Mergus merganser Present Native Unknown
American Eider, Common Eider, Eider Duck, Northern Eider Somateria mollissima Present Native Rare
Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica Unconfirmed Native - -
Atlantic Murre, Common Murre Uria aalge Present Native Unknown
American Golden Plover, American Golden-Plover, Eastern American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica Present Native Uncommon
American Oystercatcher, Eastern American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus Present Native Common
American Black Tern, Black Tern Chlidonias niger Present Native Uncommon
American Herring Gull, Herring Gull Larus argentatus Present Native Abundant
Atlantic Kittiwake, Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla Present Native Uncommon
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea Present Native Unknown
American Avocet, Avocet Recurvirostra americana Not In Park Native - -
American Knot, Knot, Red Knot Calidris canutus Present Native Common
american woodcock Scolopax minor Present Native Common
American Peregrine Falcon, Duck Hawk, Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Present Native Common
American Gyrfalcon, Gyrfalcon, White Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus Present Native Unknown
american kestrel Falco sparverius Present Native Unknown
Arctic Loon Gavia arctica Not In Park Native - -
American Coot, Northern American Coot Fulica americana Present Native Uncommon
american crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Present Native Common
American magpie, black-billed magpie Pica hudsonia Present Native Unknown
american tree sparrow Spizella arborea Present Native Common
american goldfinch Carduelis tristis Present Native Uncommon
American Pipit, American Water Pipit, Water Pipit Anthus rubescens Present Native Common
Acadian Boreal Chickadee Poecile hudsonicus Not In Park Native - -
american redstart Setophaga ruticilla Present Native Uncommon
american robin Turdus migratorius Present Native Common
alder flycatcher Empidonax alnorum Present Native Uncommon
acadian flycatcher Empidonax virescens Present Native Rare
Arkansas Kingbird, Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis Present Native Uncommon
American Egret, Common Egret?, Great Egret Ardea alba Present Native Common
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus Present Native Uncommon
American White Pelican, White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Unconfirmed Native - -
American White Ibis, White Ibis Eudocimus albus Present Native Unknown
Atlantic Wilson's Petrel, Wilson's Petrel, Wilson's Storm-Petrel Oceanites oceanicus Present Native Rare
Atlantic Fulmar, Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis Present Native Unknown
Audubon's Shearwater Puffinus lherminieri Present Native Unknown
American Long-eared Owl, Long-eared Owl Asio otus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
broad-winged hawk Buteo platypterus Present Native Occasional
Bald Eagle, Northern Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Present Native Rare
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Present Native Rare
Black Brant Branta bernicla nigrans Not In Park Native - -
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis Not In Park Non-native - -
Bufflehead, Buffle-head Bucephala albeola Present Native Common
Barrow's Goldeneye Bucephala islandica Present Native Unknown
Blue Goose, Snow Goose Chen caerulescens Present Native Common
Brunnich's Murre, Brunnich's Thick-billed Murre, Thick-billed Murre Uria lomvia Present Native Unknown
Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola Present Native Uncommon
Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia Present Native Common
Black-headed Gull, Western Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus Present Native Rare
Black Skimmer, Northern Black Skimmer Rynchops niger Present Native Uncommon
Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus Not In Park Native - -
Bartramian Sandpiper, Upland Plover, Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda Present Native Rare
Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii Present Native Rare
Bar-tailed godwit Limosa lapponica Present Native Unknown
Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis Present Native Rare
Belted Kingfisher, Eastern Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Present Native Uncommon
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus Present Native Uncommon
Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis Present Native Unknown
Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea Present Native Rare
Brown Creeper Certhia americana Present Native Common
blue jay Cyanocitta cristata Present Native Uncommon
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Common
Bank Swallow, Common Bank Swallow Riparia riparia Present Native Rare
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus Present Native Uncommon
Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus Present Native Unknown
Bullock's Oriole Icterus bullockii Not In Park Native - -
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Present Native Unknown
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Native Common
Boat-tailed Grackle Quiscalus major Present Native Rare
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Present Native Common
Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus Present Native Uncommon
black-throated blue warbler Dendroica caerulescens Present Native Common
bay-breasted warbler Dendroica castanea Present Native Uncommon
blackburnian warbler Dendroica fusca Present Native Uncommon
Black-throated Gray Warbler Dendroica nigrescens Present Native Unknown
blackpoll warbler Dendroica striata Present Native Common
black-throated green warbler Dendroica virens Present Native Common
black-and-white warbler Mniotilta varia Present Native Unknown
blue-winged warbler Vermivora pinus Present Native Unknown
blue-gray gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Present Native Unknown
Bicknell's Gray-cheeked Thrush, Bicknell's Thrush Catharus bicknelli Present Native Rare
Bell's Vireo Vireo bellii Present Native Unknown
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius Present Native Common
Black-crowned Night Heron, Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Present Native Common
Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis Present Native Rare
Barn Owl, North American Barn Owl Tyto alba Present Native Occasional
brown booby, lu'ao Sula leucogaster Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
cooper's hawk Accipiter cooperii Present Native Uncommon
Common Mallard, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Present Native Common
Common White-fronted Goose, Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons Not In Park Native - -
Canvasback Aythya valisineria Present Native Rare
Canada Goose, Eastern Canada Goose Branta canadensis Present Native Abundant
chimney swift Chaetura pelagica Present Native Uncommon
chuck-will's-widow Caprimulgus carolinensis Present Native Uncommon
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor Present Native Uncommon
Common Dovekie, Dovekie Alle alle Present Native Occasional
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia Present Native Uncommon
Common Tern, Northern Common Tern Sterna hirundo Present Native Abundant
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea Not In Park Non-native - -
Common Loon, Greater Common Loon Gavia immer Present Native Common
Common Gallinule, Common Moorhen, Florida Gallinule Gallinula chloropus Present Native Unknown
Clapper Rail, Northern Clapper Rail Rallus longirostris Present Native Rare
cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Present Native Uncommon
Common Lapland Longspur, Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus Present Native Rare
Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida Present Native Rare
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present Native Unknown
Common Redpoll, Greater Redpoll, Mealy Redpoll Carduelis flammea Present Native Uncommon
Canadian Pine Grosbeak, Newfoundland Pine Grosbeak, Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator Present Native Unknown
Cliff Swallow, Eastern Cliff Swallow, Eave Swallow, Northern Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Present Native Rare
common grackle Quiscalus quiscula Present Native Common
cerulean warbler Dendroica cerulea Present Native Occasional
chestnut-sided warbler Dendroica pensylvanica Present Native Common
cape may warbler Dendroica tigrina Present Native Uncommon
common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Present Native Common
connecticut warbler Oporornis agilis Present Native Rare
canada warbler Wilsonia canadensis Present Native Common
carolina wren Thryothorus ludovicianus Present Native Uncommon
Cordilleran Flycatcher Empidonax occidentalis Present Native Unknown
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Present Native Unknown
Cory's Cinereous Shearwater, Cory's Shearwater, North Atlantic Shearwater Calonectris diomedea Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Dunlin, Red-backed Dunlin, Red-backed Sandpiper Calidris alpina Present Native Common
Dickcissel Spiza americana Present Native Uncommon
dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis Present Native Uncommon
downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens Present Native Uncommon
Double-crested Cormorant, Northern Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Goshawk, Goshawk, Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Present Native Occasional
Eurasian Wigeon, European Widgeon, Widgeon Anas penelope Present Non-native Unknown
Eastern Harlequin Duck, Harlequin Duck Histrionicus histrionicus Present Native Unknown
Eastern White-winged Scoter, White-winged Coot, White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca Present Native Common
Eastern Piping Plover, Piping Plover Charadrius melodus Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Iceland Gull, Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Glaucous Gull, Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus Present Native Rare
Eastern Least Tern, Least Tern Sterna antillarum Present Native Common
Eastern Sooty Tern, Sooty Tern Sterna fuscata Present Native Occasional
Eastern Willet, Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus Present Native Common
Eastern Dowitcher, Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus Present Native Common
Eastern Solitary Sandpiper, Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Pigeon Hawk, Merlin, Pigeon Hawk Falco columbarius Present Native Common
Eastern Lark Sparrow, Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus Present Native Rare
Eastern Savannah Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Present Native Unknown
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Present Native Common
Eastern Snow Bunting, Snow Bunting, Snowflake Plectrophenax nivalis Present Native Common
Eastern Vesper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Present Native Rare
evening grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus Present Native Rare
eastern meadowlark Sturnella magna Present Native Unknown
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present Non-native Common
eastern bluebird Sialia sialis Present Native Uncommon
eastern wood-pewee Contopus virens Present Native Unknown
eastern phoebe Sayornis phoebe Present Native Uncommon
eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Present Native Common
Eastern Green Heron, Green heron, Green-backed Heron Butorides virescens Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Glossy Ibis, Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus Present Native Common
Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis Present Native Unknown
eastern screech-owl Megascops asio Present Native Unknown
European Cormorant, Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor Present Native Unknown
Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri Present Native Uncommon
Fish crow Corvus ossifragus Present Native Common
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca Present Native Uncommon
field sparrow Spizella pusilla Present Native Uncommon
Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca Present Native Uncommon
Gadwall Anas strepera Present Native Rare
Greater Scaup, Greater Scaup Duck Aythya marila Present Native Common
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus Present Native Abundant
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica Present Native Occasional
Greater Yellowlegs, Greater Yellow-legs Tringa melanoleuca Present Native Common
Great Skua Catharacta skua Present Native Unknown
grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum Present Native Occasional
Great Gray Shrike, Northern Shrike Lanius excubitor Present Native Rare
gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis Present Native Abundant
Greenland Wheatear, Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe Not In Park Native - -
golden-winged warbler Vermivora chrysoptera Present Native Occasional
golden-crowned kinglet Regulus satrapa Present Native Uncommon
gray-cheeked thrush Catharus minimus Present Native Rare
great crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Present Native Unknown
Gray Kingbird Tyrannus dominicensis Not In Park Native - -
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present Native Uncommon
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber Unconfirmed Native - -
Greater Shearwater Puffinus gravis Present Native Rare
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Unknown
Gannet, Northern Gannet Morus bassanus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus Present Native Rare
Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica Present Native Rare
Hudsonian Curlew, Hudsonian Whimbrel, Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus Present Native Uncommon
horned lark Eremophila alpestris Present Native Uncommon
Henslow's sparrow Ammodramus henslowii Not In Park Native - -
Harris' Sparrow, Harris's Sparrow Zonotrichia querula Not In Park Native - -
house finch Carpodacus mexicanus Present Native Common
hooded warbler Wilsonia citrina Present Native Uncommon
house sparrow Passer domesticus Present Non-native Uncommon
house wren Troglodytes aedon Present Native Uncommon
hermit thrush Catharus guttatus Present Native Common
hairy woodpecker Picoides villosus Present Native Unknown
Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus Present Native Common
Holboell's Grebe, Holboell's Red-necked Grebe, Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnea Not In Park Native - -
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Unknown
Intermediate Sharp-tailed Sparrow, Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sparrow Ammodramus caudacutus Present Native Uncommon
Ipswich Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis princeps Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
King Eider Somateria spectabilis Present Native Unknown
Killdeer, Northern Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Present Native Uncommon
King Rail, Northern King Rail Rallus elegans Present Native Unknown
kentucky warbler Oporornis formosus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lesser Scaup, Lesser Scaup Duck Aythya affinis Present Native Rare
Long-tailed Duck, Old Squaw, Oldsquaw Clangula hyemalis Present Native Common
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla Present Native Common
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus Present Native Rare
Little Gull Larus minutus Present Native Occasional
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla Present Native Common
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus Present Native Rare
Lesser Yellowlegs, Lesser Yellow-legs Tringa flavipes Present Native Common
Long-tailed Jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus Present Native Unknown
Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys Present Native Unknown
Lincoln's Sparrow, Northern Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Present Native Uncommon
loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus Present Native Unknown
Louisana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla Present Native Rare
Long-billed Marsh Wren, Marsh Wren, Prairie Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris Present Native Unknown
least flycatcher Empidonax minimus Present Native Common
Little Blue Heron, Northern Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea Present Native Uncommon
Least Bittern, Eastern Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis Present Native Unknown
Leach's Petrel, Leach's Storm-Petrel, Northern Leach's Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mute Swan Cygnus olor Present Non-native Uncommon
Marbled godwit Limosa fedoa Present Native Rare
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Common
magnolia warbler Dendroica magnolia Present Native Common
mourning warbler Oporornis philadelphia Present Native Uncommon
Manx Common Shearwater, Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus Present Native Unknown
Magnificent Frigatebird, Man-o'-War-Bird Fregata magnificens Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Present Native Rare
Northern shoveler, Shoveller Anas clypeata Present Native Rare
Northern Ruddy Duck, Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Present Native Rare
Northern Razor-billed Auk, Razorbill Alca torda Present Native Uncommon
Northern Roseate Tern, Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii Present Native Uncommon
Northern Sabine's Gull, Sabine's Gull Xema sabini Present Native Unknown
Northern Phalarope, Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus Present Native Unknown
northern bobwhite Colinus virginianus Present Native Uncommon
Northern Virginia Rail, Virginia Rail Rallus limicola Present Native Rare
northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Present Native Common
northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Present Native Rare
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Present Native Common
northern parula Parula americana Present Native Common
Northern Waterthrush, Northern Water-Thrush Seiurus noveboracensis Present Native Common
nashville warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Present Native Common
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present Native Common
Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus Present Native Rare
Northern Short-eared Owl, Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
osprey Pandion haliaetus Present Native Uncommon
orchard oriole Icterus spurius Present Native Uncommon
ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla Present Native Unknown
orange-crowned warbler Vermivora celata Present Native Uncommon
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima Present Native Rare
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos Present Native Uncommon
Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus Present Native Uncommon
Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus Present Native Unknown
Pheasant, Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Present Non-native Uncommon
Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica Unconfirmed Native - -
Pine siskin Carduelis pinus Present Native Uncommon
purple finch Carpodacus purpureus Present Native Uncommon
purple martin Progne subis Present Native Rare
prairie warbler Dendroica discolor Present Native Unknown
palm warbler Dendroica palmarum Present Native Common
pine warbler Dendroica pinus Present Native Unknown
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea Present Native Rare
Philadelphia vireo Vireo philadelphicus Present Native Uncommon
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present Native Unknown
red-shouldered hawk Buteo lineatus Present Native Unknown
Redhead Aythya americana Present Native Rare
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Present Native Rare
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator Present Native Abundant
ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris Present Native Unknown
Ringed Plover, Semipalmated Plover, Semipalmated Ringed Plover Charadrius semipalmatus Present Native Abundant
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Present Native Common
Roseate Tern (subspecies) Sterna dougallii dougallii Present Native Uncommon
Royal Tern Sterna maxima Present Native Uncommon
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres Present Native Common
Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius Present Native Unknown
Ruff Philomachus pugnax Present Native Unknown
rock dove Columba livia Present Non-native Uncommon
Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata Present Native Common
rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus Present Native Common
Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra Present Native Rare
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Common
rusty blackbird Euphagus carolinus Present Native Uncommon
ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula Present Native Common
red-breasted nuthatch Sitta canadensis Present Native Uncommon
red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus Present Native Rare
red-bellied woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus Present Native Rare
red-headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sharp-shinned hawk Accipiter striatus Present Native Uncommon
Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata Present Native Common
Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis Present Native Unknown
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia Present Native Uncommon
Sanderling Calidris alba Present Native Uncommon
Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus Present Native Rare
Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla Present Native Common
South Polar Skua Catharacta maccormicki Present Native Unknown
Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis Present Native Unknown
Sora Rail, Sora Porzana carolina Present Native Rare
Seaside Sparrow Ammodramus maritimus Present Native Uncommon
Smith's Longspur Calcarius pictus Present Native Unknown
swamp sparrow Melospiza georgiana Present Native Unknown
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Present Native Common
scarlet tanager Piranga olivacea Present Native Unknown
summer tanager Piranga rubra Present Native Rare
Sedge Wren, Short-billed Marsh Wren, Short-billed Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis Not In Park Native - -
swainson's thrush Catharus ustulatus Present Native Uncommon
Say's Phoebe Sayornis saya Present Native Unknown
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus Present Native Unknown
Snowy Egret Egretta thula Present Native Common
Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus Present Native Uncommon
Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Unknown
Tundra Swan, Whistling Swan Cygnus columbianus Present Native Occasional
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Present Native Common
tufted titmouse Baeolophus bicolor Present Native Occasional
tennessee warbler Vermivora peregrina Present Native Uncommon
Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
veery Catharus fuscescens Present Native Common
Varied Thrush Ixoreus naevius Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Wood Duck Aix sponsa Present Native Unknown
whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus Present Native Unknown
Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia Present Native Unknown
White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis Present Native Uncommon
Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri Present Native Uncommon
Wilson's snipe Gallinago delicata Present Native Uncommon
Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor Present Native Unknown
Wood Stork Mycteria americana Unconfirmed Native - -
white-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Present Native Common
white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Present Native Uncommon
White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera Present Native Occasional
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorus Present Native Rare
wilson's warbler Wilsonia pusilla Present Native Uncommon
white-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Present Native Unknown
Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana Present Native Unknown
winter wren Troglodytes troglodytes Present Native Uncommon
wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina Present Native Unknown
willow flycatcher Empidonax traillii Present Native Uncommon
warbling vireo Vireo gilvus Present Native Rare
white-eyed vireo Vireo griseus Present Native Uncommon
White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus Not In Park Non-native - -
Williamson's Sapsucker Sphyrapicus thyroideus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Present Native Unknown
Yellow Rail Coturnicops noveboracensis Present Native Unknown
Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Not In Park Native - -
yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata Present Native Common
yellow-throated warbler Dendroica dominica Present Native Unknown
yellow warbler Dendroica petechia Present Native Common
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens Present Native Uncommon
yellow-bellied flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris Present Native Uncommon
yellow-throated vireo Vireo flavifrons Present Native Rare
Yellow-crowned Night Heron, Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea Present Native Occasional
yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Present Native Uncommon

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Atlantic Loggerhead Turtle Caretta caretta Present Native Occasional
Atlantic ridley, Atlantic ridley sea turtle, Kemp's Ridley, Kemp's ridley sea turtle Lepidochelys kempii Present Native Unknown
Atlantic Leatherback Dermochelys coriacea Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Box Turtles Terrapene - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
common green sea turtle, green sea turtle Chelonia mydas Probably Present Native - -
carey, Hawksbill, hawksbill sea turtle Eretmochelys imbricata Present Native Unknown
common snapping turtle Chelydra serpentina Present Native Unknown
Central Painted Turtle, Eastern Painted Turtle, Midland Painted Turtle, Painted Turtle Chrysemys picta Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern ribbon snake Thamnophis sauritus Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis Present Native Unknown
eastern box turtle Terrapene carolina Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
- - Heterodon platyrhinos Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
milk snake Lampropeltis triangulum Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern black racer Coluber constrictor constrictor Present Native Unknown
- - Natrix sipedon Not In Park Native - -
Northern Diamondback Terrapin Malaclemys terrapin Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
ringneck snake Diadophis punctatus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Spotted Turtle Clemmys guttata Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
TURTLE, MUD, EASTERN Kinosternon subrubrum Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
worm snake Carphophis amoenus Unconfirmed Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bullfrog Rana catesbeiana Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern spadefoot Scaphiopus holbrookii Not In Park Native - -
Eastern Red-backed Salamander, Northern Redback Salamander, Red-backed Salamander Plethodon cinereus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Frog, leopard, southern Rana utricularia Not In Park Non-native - -
Four-toed Salamander Hemidactylium scutatum Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
TOAD, FOWLER'S Bufo woodhousii fowleri Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Atlantic sturgeon Acipenser oxyrinchus Present Native Unknown
Atlantic sturgeon Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus Probably Present Native - -
American Eel, Common Eel, Eel Anguilla rostrata Present Native Unknown
Atlantic Silverside Menidia menidia Present Native Unknown
Atlantic Needlefish Strongylura marina Present Native Unknown
Alewife Alosa pseudoharengus Present Native Unknown
American shad, Atlantic shad, common shad, white shad Alosa sapidissima Present Native Unknown
Atlantic Herring Clupea harengus Present Native Unknown
Atlantic tomcod Microgadus tomcod Present Native Unknown
American Sand Lance Ammodytes americanus Present Native Unknown
Atlantic Croaker Micropogonias undulatus Present Native Unknown
Atlantic mackerel Scomber scombrus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Blueback Herring Alosa aestivalis Present Native Unknown
Bay Anchovy Anchoa mitchilli Present Native Unknown
Brook Stickleback, Threespine Stickleback, Three-spined Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus Present Unknown Unknown
black mullet, gray mullet, striped mullet Mugil cephalus Present Unknown Unknown
Bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix Present Native Unknown
Black Sea Bass Centropristis striata Present Native Unknown
Butterfish Peprilus triacanthus Present Native Unknown
Brown Trout, Loch Leven Brown Trout, Scotch Sea-trout Salmo trutta Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Mummichog, Mummichog Fundulus heteroclitus Present Native Unknown
Common Smelt, Rainbow Smelt, Smelt Osmerus mordax Present Unknown Unknown
Cunner Tautogolabrus adspersus Present Unknown Unknown
Clearnose Skate Raja eglanteria Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fourspine Stickleback Apeltes quadracus Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Gray Trout, Weakfish Cynoscion regalis Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hogchoker Trinectes maculatus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
inland silverside Menidia beryllina Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
King-whiting, Northern Kingfish Menticirrhus saxatilis Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lookdown Selene vomer Present Native Unknown
little skate Raja erinacea Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Menhaden Brevoortia tyrannus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Northern Pipefish Syngnathus fuscus Present Native Unknown
Naked Goby Gobiosoma bosc Present Native Unknown
Northern Searobin Prionotus carolinus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Oyster Toadfish Opsanus tau Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Permit Trachinotus falcatus Present Unknown Unknown
pirate perch Aphredoderus sayanus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Red Hake Urophycis chuss Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Spotkin Killifish Fundulus luciae Present Native Unknown
Seaboard Goby Gobiosoma ginsburgi Present Native Unknown
striped bass Morone saxatilis Present Native Unknown
Spot Leiostomus xanthurus Present Native Unknown
Scup Stenotomus chrysops Present Unknown Unknown
Summer Flounder Paralichthys dentatus Present Native Unknown
Striped Burrfish Chilomycterus schoepfi Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Tautog Tautoga onitis Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
White Perch Morone americana Present Native Unknown
winter flounder Pleuronectes americanus Present Native Unknown
Windowpane Flounder Scophthalmus aquosus Present Native Unknown
winter skate Raja ocellata Present Native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American holly Ilex opaca Present Native Common
asparagus Asparagus officinalis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Adam's needle Yucca filamentosa Unconfirmed Non-native - -
annual ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia Present Native Common
aster Aster - - - - - -
- - Aster solidagineus Not In Park Unknown - -
- - Arenaria lateriflora Present Native Occasional
American pokeweed, common pokeweed, inkberry, pigeonberry, poke, pokeberry, pokeweed Phytolacca americana Present Native Common
Asiatic dayflower Commelina communis Present Non-native Uncommon
azaleas, rhododendron Rhododendron - - - - - -
Alsike, Alsatian Clover Trifolium hybridum Present Non-native Common
alfilaria Erodium cicutarium Present Non-native Uncommon
azure blue sage, blue sage Salvia azurea Unconfirmed Non-native - -
American Germander Teucrium canadense Present Native Common
ASPEN Populus salicaceae Not In Park Unknown - -
ausu Myrcia paganii Not In Park Unknown - -
ADDER'S-TONGUE FERN Ophioglossum vulgatum var. pseudopodum Unconfirmed Native - -
Atlantic Sedge Carex atlantica Present Native Common
autumn fimbry Fimbristylis autumnalis Present Native Rare
Alkali bulrush Scirpus maritimus Unconfirmed Native - -
awnless brome, smooth brome Bromus inermis Present Non-native Common
annual bluegrass Poa annua Present Non-native Common
American sycamore Platanus occidentalis Unconfirmed Native - -
algerita, barberry, berb?ris, holly grape, Oregon-grape Berberis - - - - - -
autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata Present Non-native Common
Alder Buckthorn Frangula alnus Not In Park Unknown - -
Avens Geum canadense Unconfirmed Native - -
apple Malus - - - - - -
American elm Ulmus americana Present Non-native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Bristly Sarsaparilla Aralia hispida Not In Park Native - -
beadruby, mayflower, Solomon's-seal Maianthemum - - - - - -
blueeyed grass, blue-eyed grass Sisyrinchium - - - - - -
baccharis Baccharis - - - - - -
- - Baccharis halimifolia Present Native Common
Beggar Ticks, Stick-tight Bidens frondosa Probably Present Native - -
bur-marifold, stick-tights Bidens laevis Unconfirmed Native - -
bull thistle Cirsium vulgare Present Non-native Uncommon
burnweed Erechtites hieracifolia Present Native Common
blanket flower Gaillardia pulchella Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Black-eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima Present Non-native Uncommon
blowball, common dandelion, dandelion, faceclock Taraxacum officinale Present Non-native Common
Black Mustard Brassica nigra Unconfirmed Non-native - -
bassia Bassia hirsuta Probably Present Non-native - -
Birdseye Sagina procumbens Unconfirmed Native - -
bouncingbet Saponaria officinalis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Bladder Campion Silene vulgaris Present Non-native Uncommon
Buckwheat Fagopyrum esculentum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
black bindweed Polygonum convolvulus Present Non-native Occasional
bitter doc Rumex obtusifolius Not In Park Unknown - -
blackgum Nyssa sylvatica Present Native Common
bald cypress Taxodium distichum Probably Present Non-native - -
Bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Present Native Common
Black Huckleberry Gaylussacia baccata Present Native Common
blue huckleberry, dangleberry Gaylussacia frondosa Present Native Occasional
bog Labrador tea, rusty Labrador tea Ledum groenlandicum Unconfirmed Non-native - -
blueberries, blueberry, huckleberry Vaccinium - - - - - -
Blue Ridge blueberry Vaccinium pallidum Present Native Unknown
Beach Pea Lathyrus japonicus var. maritimus Present Native Common
Bush clover Lespedeza florosa Not In Park Unknown - -
Birdsfoot Trefoil Lotus corniculatus Present Non-native Uncommon
Black Medick Medicago lupulina Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Bristly Locust Robinia hispida Unconfirmed Non-native - -
black locust Robinia pseudoacacia Present Non-native Common
bitter milkwort, racemed milkwort Polygala polygama Unconfirmed Native - -
black alder Alnus glutinosa Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Bear Oak x Black Oak Hybrid Quercus ilicifolia X veluntina Unconfirmed Native - -
black oak Quercus velutina Present Native Common
black walnut Juglans nigra Present Native Rare
Bayberry Myrica pensylvanica Present Native Common
bluntleaf milkweed, blunt-leaved milkweed, clasping milkweed, sand milkweed Asclepias amplexicaulis Unconfirmed Native - -
butterfly milkweed Asclepias tuberosa Unconfirmed Native - -
BLACK SWALLOWWORT Vincetoxicum nigrum Unconfirmed Non-native - -
bedstraw Galium - - - - - -
bedstraw Galium tinctorium Unconfirmed Native - -
Bicknell's Cranesbill Geranium bicknellii Unconfirmed Native - -
blue curls, forked bluecurls Trichostema dichotomum Unconfirmed Native - -
Butter-and-eggs Linaria vulgaris Present Non-native Common
blackseed plantain Plantago rugelii Present Native Occasional
Blue Vervain Verbena hastata Present Native Occasional
bog clubmoss Lycopodium appressum Present Native Unknown
Bristle-stalked Sedge Carex leptalea Unconfirmed Native - -
Blunt Broom Sedge Carex tribuloides Not In Park Unknown - -
Bright Green Spike-rush Eleocharis olivacea Present Native Occasional
beaksedge Rhynchospora - - - - - -
beak-rush Rhynchospora capitellata Present Native Occasional
bulrush, bulrushes Scirpus - - - - - -
bulrush Scirpus robustus Present Native Rare
Beak rush Juncus - - - - - -
black grass Juncus gerardii Present Native Common
Bayonet Rush Juncus militaris Unconfirmed Native - -
Beach Rush Juncus pelocarpus Present Native Rare
Beachgrass Ammophila breviligulata Present Native Common
bluestem Andropogon - - - - - -
broom-sedge Andropogon virginicus Present Native Common
bunch broom-sedge Andropogon virginicus var. abbreviatus Present Native Occasional
Bromegrass Bromus hordeaceus Present Non-native Common
Bromegrass Bromus tectorum Present Non-native Common
burgrass, field sandbur, innocent-weed, longspine sandbur, mat sandbur, sandbur Cenchrus longispinus Present Native Uncommon
barnyardgrass, cockspur, cockspur grass Echinochloa - - - - - -
Barnyard Grass Echinochloa crus-galli Present Non-native Common
Bundle panicgrass Panicum acuminatum Present Native Common
bitter panicum Panicum amarum Present Native Rare
bluegrass, bluegrass spp. Poa - - - - - -
Bulbous bluegrass Poa bulbosa Present Non-native Rare
bristlegrass Setaria - - - - - -
burreed, bur-reed Sparganium - - - - - -
broadleaf cattail Typha latifolia Present Native Occasional
bracken fern Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum Present Native Common
bayberries Berberidaceae - - - - - -
buttercup Ranunculus - - - - - -
Bulbous Buttercup Ranunculus bulbosus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa Not In Park Unknown - -
Beach Plum Prunus maritima Present Native Common
Black Cherry Prunus serotina Present Native Common
blackberry, brambles Rubus - - - - - -
bristly dewberry Rubus hispidus Present Native Uncommon
black raspberry Rubus occidentalis Present Native Occasional
boxelder Acer negundo Not In Park Unknown - -
black nightshade Solanum nigrum var. virginicum Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Arrrowhead Sagittaria latifolia Probably Present Native - -
common duckweed, least duckweed, lesser duckweed Lemna minor Unconfirmed Native - -
common goldstar Hypoxis hirsuta Unconfirmed Native - -
- - Calopogon pulchellus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Common Lady's Slipper, Moccasin Flower Cypripedium acaule Not In Park Native - -
common yarrow Achillea millefolium Present Non-native Abundant
CORN-CHAMOMILE Anthemis arvensis var. arvensis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Common Burdock Arctium minus Present Non-native Occasional
Common Mugwort Artemisia vulgaris Present Non-native Common
calico aster Aster lateriflorus Not In Park Unknown - -
Chicory Cichorium intybus Present Non-native Common
Canada Thistle Cirsium arvense Present Non-native Uncommon
Canadian horseweed Conyza canadensis Present Native Common
common boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum Present Native Common
Catfoot Gnaphalium obtusifolium Present Native Common
catfoot, chafe weed, everlasting, purple cudweed, rabbit tobacco, spoonleaf purple everlasting Gnaphalium purpureum Unconfirmed Native - -
cat's-ear Hypochaeris radicata Present Non-native Common
Canada lettuce Lactuca canadensis Present Native Uncommon
China lettuce, prickly lettuce, wild lettuce Lactuca serriola Present Non-native Uncommon
climbing hempvine, climbing hempweed Mikania scandens Present Native Rare
Common Groundsel Senecio vulgaris Present Non-native Uncommon
Canadian goldenrod Solidago canadensis var. scabra Present Native Uncommon
Common Sow Thistle Sonchus oleraceus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
common salsify, goat's beard, goatsbeard, meadow goat's-beard, salsifis majeur, salsify, western goat's beard, western salsify, wild oysterplant, yellow goat's beard, yellow salsify Tragopogon dubius Present Non-native Uncommon
Canada cocklebur, Canada cockleburr, cocklebur, common cocklebur, rough cocklebur, rough cockleburr Xanthium strumarium var. canadense Present Native Common
Common Saltwort Salsola kali Present Non-native Common
chickweed, mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium - - - - - -
common mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium vulgatum Present Non-native Common
common chickweed Stellaria media Present Non-native Uncommon
Carpetweed Mollugo verticillata Present Non-native Uncommon
climbing false-buckwheat Polygonum scandens Present Native Uncommon
common sheep sorrel Rumex acetosella Present Non-native Common
Curly dock Rumex crispus Present Non-native Common
common juniper, dwarf juniper Juniperus communis Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Elder Sambucus canadensis Present Native Uncommon
Clammy Azalea, Swamp Honeysuckle Rhododendron viscosum Present Native Common
Crown Vetch Coronilla varia Present Non-native Uncommon
clover Trifolium - - - - - -
COMMON VETCH Vicia angustifolia Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Cow Vetch, Tufted Vetch Vicia cracca Present Non-native Uncommon
Chinese wisteria Wisteria sinensis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
caryer, hickory Carya - - - - - -
Common Milkweed Asclepias syriaca Present Native Common
common periwinkle Vinca minor Present Non-native Occasional
Common catalpa Catalpa bignonioides Unconfirmed Non-native - -
common bugle Ajuga reptans Unconfirmed Non-native - -
common selfheal Prunella vulgaris Present Non-native Uncommon
Common Privet Ligustrum vulgare Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Common Lilac Syringa vulgaris Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Common Plantain Plantago major Present Non-native Uncommon
corn speedwell Veronica arvensis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Common Speedwell Veronica officinalis Present Non-native Uncommon
Common Mullein Verbascum thapsus Present Non-native Occasional
cat greenbrier Smilax glauca Present Native Uncommon
Cypress Spurge Euphorbia cyparissias Present Non-native Occasional
Canada St. Johnswort Hypericum canadense Present Native Common
Common St. Johnswort Hypericum perforatum Present Non-native Common
Crack Willow Salix fragilis Unconfirmed Native - -
common blue violet Viola sororia Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Mallow, Cheeses Malva neglecta Unconfirmed Non-native - -
common evening primrose Oenothera biennis Present Native Common
cutleaf grapefern Botrychium dissectum Probably Present Native - -
Cinnamon Fern Osmunda cinnamomea Present Native Common
common yellow oxalis Oxalis stricta Present Native Uncommon
carex, sedge, sedge species, sedges Carex - - - - - -
common fox sedge Carex vulpinoidea Unconfirmed Native - -
chufa flatsedge, yellow nutgrass, yellow nutsedge Cyperus esculentus Unconfirmed Native - -
- - Cyperus filiculmis Unconfirmed Native - -
- - Cyperus ovularis Unconfirmed Native - -
- - Cyperus rivularis Unconfirmed Native - -
chaguan humatag, cocograss, kili'o'opu, nutgrass, pakopako, purple nutsedge Cyperus rotundus Unconfirmed Native - -
creeping spikerush Eleocharis fallax Unconfirmed Native - -
common rush Juncus effusus var. pylaei Unconfirmed Native - -
creeping bentgrass Agrostis stolonifera var. palustris Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Hairgrass Deschampsia flexuosa Present Native Uncommon
cypress panicgrass Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum Not In Park Unknown - -
coast cockspur grass Echinochloa walteri Unconfirmed Native - -
Canada wildrye Elymus canadensis Not In Park Unknown - -
Common Darnel, Perennial Ryegrass Lolium perenne Present Non-native Common
Common Reed Phragmites australis Present Non-native Common
Chapman's bluegrass Poa chapmaniana Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Canada bluegrass Poa compressa Present Non-native Uncommon
Christmas Fern Polystichum acrostichoides Present Native Rare
Common Barberry Berberis vulgaris Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Celandine Chelidonium majus Present Non-native Uncommon
Common Hop Humulus lupulus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Common Shadbush Amelanchier arborea Not In Park Unknown - -
chokeberry Aronia - - - - - -
chokeberry Aronia arbutifolia Present Native Common
coastal silverweed Potentilla pacifica Present Native Rare
common cinquefoil Potentilla simplex Present Native Uncommon
chokecherry, plum Prunus - - - - - -
chokecherry Prunus virginiana var. virginiana Not In Park Unknown - -
Common Blackberry Rubus allegheniensis Present Native Common
Canadian burnet Sanguisorba canadensis Unconfirmed Native - -
clearweed Pilea - - - - - -
creeping jenny, European bindweed, field bindweed, perennial morningglory, smallflowered morningglory Convolvulus arvensis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
compact dodder Cuscuta compacta Unconfirmed Native - -
creeper Parthenocissus - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ditch-grass Ruppia maritima Present Native Uncommon
daffodil Narcissus - - - - - -
DAFFODIL Narcissus incomparabilis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
daffodil Narcissus pseudonarcissus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Dusty Miler, Beach Wormwood Artemisia stelleriana Present Non-native Common
Dwarf dandelion Krigia virginica Present Native Unknown
Downy Goldenrod Solidago puberula Unconfirmed Native - -
dwarf glasswort Salicornia bigelovii Not In Park Unknown - -
devil's-tongue Opuntia humifusa Present Native Occasional
Deptford pink Dianthus armeria Present Non-native Common
Doorweed, Common Knotgrass Polygonum aviculare Present Non-native Uncommon
dotted smartweed Polygonum punctatum Present Native Common
dwarf huckleberry Gaylussacia dumosa Unconfirmed Unknown - -
doghobble, leucothoe Leucothoe - - - - - -
drumheads Polygala cruciata Present Native Rare
dune spurge, seaside spurge Euphorbia polygonifolia Present Native Common
dry woods sedge Carex artitecta Unconfirmed Native - -
darkgreen sedge Carex venusta Present Native - -
Dwarf Spike-rush Eleocharis parvula Unconfirmed Native - -
Dudley rush, Dudley's rush Juncus dudleyi Not In Park Unknown - -
desert saltgrass, inland saltgrass, marsh spikegrass, saltgrass, seashore saltgrass Distichlis spicata Present Native Common
deer-tongue witchgrass Panicum clandestinum Present Native Uncommon
Dwarf Cinquefoil Potentilla canadensis Present Native Uncommon
Dwarf Raspberry Rubus pubescens Not In Park Unknown - -
dodder Cuscuta - - - - - -
Deadly Nightshade Solanum dulcamara Present Non-native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eelgrass, seawrack Zostera marina Present Native Common
English ivy Hedera helix Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Eastern Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium atlanticum Present Native Uncommon
- - Euthamia galetorum Not In Park Unknown - -
early goldenrod Solidago juncea Present Native Common
eastern redcedar Juniperus virginiana Present Native Common
English broom Cytisus scoparius Unconfirmed Non-native - -
European beech Fagus sylvatica Present Non-native Rare
eyebane Chamaesyce nutans Not In Park Unknown - -
eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides Unconfirmed Unknown - -
European linden Tilia europaea Unconfirmed Non-native - -
eastern white pine Pinus strobus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
eggbract sedge Carex ovalis Not In Park Unknown - -
eastern straw sedge Carex straminea Unconfirmed Native - -
erect brome Bromus erectus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
eulalia Miscanthus sinensis Present Non-native Uncommon
Evergreen Wood Fern Dryopteris intermedia Present Native Rare
eastern marsh fern Thelypteris palustris var. pubescens Present Native Uncommon
evergreen blackberry Rubus laciniatus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
eastern poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans Present Native Common
eastern prickly gooseberry Ribes cynosbati Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
FOOL'S PARSLEY Aethusa cynapium Not In Park Non-native - -
FIELD GARLIC Allium vineale Present Non-native Rare
false solomon's seal Smilacina racemosa Unconfirmed Native - -
Field Pussytoes Antennaria neglecta Unconfirmed Native - -
flaxleaf aster Aster linariifolius Present Native Rare
Frost aster Aster pilosus Present Native Uncommon
feverfew Chrysanthemum parthenium Unconfirmed Non-native - -
flat-topped goldenrod Euthamia tenuifolia Present Native Common
Field Hawkweed, King Devil Hieracium caespitosum Present Non-native Uncommon
fragrant goldenrod Solidago odora Present Native Common
field pepperweed Lepidium campestre Present Non-native Common
French tamarisk, saltcedar, tamarisk, tamarix Tamarix gallica Unconfirmed Non-native - -
flowering dogwood Cornus florida Present Native Uncommon
field horsetail Equisetum arvense Present Native Rare
Fetterbush Leucothoe racemosa Present Native Unknown
Forsythia Forsythia - - - - - -
foxglove Digitalis - - - - - -
Foxglove Digitalis purpurea Unconfirmed Non-native - -
False Heather, Beach Heath Hudsonia tomentosa Present Native Common
flatsedge, nutgrass Cyperus - - - - - -
fragrant flatsedge Cyperus odoratus Unconfirmed Native - -
fimbry Fimbristylis - - - - - -
Forked Rush Juncus dichotomus Present Native Abundant
flat-leaved rush Juncus platyphyllus Unconfirmed Native - -
field rush Juncus tenuis Present Native Abundant
Fly-away Grass Agrostis scabra Not In Park Unknown - -
Fringed Brome Bromus ciliatus Unconfirmed Native - -
Feather-top Calamagrostis epigeios Unconfirmed Non-native - -
fowl mannagrass Glyceria striata Unconfirmed Native - -
foxtail fescue Vulpia myuros Unconfirmed Non-native - -
fox grape Vitis labrusca Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
GRASS LEAVED GOLDENROD, SICKLE-LEAVED GOLDEN ASTER Chrysopsis falcata Present Native Common
Grass-leaved Goldenrod Euthamia graminifolia Present Native Common
giant rockgoldenrod Petradoria pumila ssp. graminea Not In Park Unknown - -
goldenrod Solidago - - - - - -
Gray Goldenrod Solidago nemoralis Present Native Uncommon
Green Amaranth, Pigweed Amaranthus hybridus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Green Amaranth, Pigweed Amaranthus retroflexus Present Non-native Rare
golden dock Rumex fueginus Present Native Rare
Groundnut, Wild Bean Apios americana Present Native Rare
Gray Birch Betula populifolia Present Native Common
germander Teucrium - - - - - -
Golden Bells Forsythia viridissima Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Graceful Sedge Carex gracillima Not In Park Unknown - -
Gray's cyperus Cyperus grayi Present Native Abundant
Greene's Rush Juncus greenei Present Native Common
grass-leaved rush Juncus marginatus Unconfirmed Native - -
giant cordgrass Spartina cynosuroides Unconfirmed Native - -
grape Vitis - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
herbwilliam, threadleaf mockbishopweed Ptilimnium capillaceum Present Native Rare
HERCULES' CLUB, Japanese angelica tree Aralia elata Unconfirmed Non-native - -
heath aster, white aster, white heath aster Aster ericoides Present Native Unknown
horseweed Conyza canadensis var. pusilla Present Native Abundant
hyssopleaf thoroughwort Eupatorium hyssopifolium Present Native Common
hawkweed Hieracium - - - - - -
HYBRID GOLDENROD Solidago X asperula Unconfirmed Native - -
Horseradish Armoracia rusticana Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Hedge Mustard Sisymbrium officinale Unconfirmed Non-native - -
hydrangea Hydrangea - - - - - -
honeysuckle Lonicera - - - - - -
he-huckleberry, maleberry, seedy-buckberry Lyonia ligustrina Present Native