Fort Necessity National Battlefield Park

Rank: 188

Park Description

The battle at Fort Necessity in the summer of 1754 was the opening action of the French and Indian War. This war was a clash of British, French and American Indian cultures. It ended with the removal of French power from North America. The stage was set for the American Revolution.

Park Address

Fort Necessity NB 1 Washington Parkway

Farmington, PA, 15437


Species in Fort Necessity National Battlefield Park by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in Fort Necessity National Battlefield Park. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.



 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Blackcat, Fisher, Pekan Martes pennanti Present Native Occasional
Black Bear Ursus americanus Present Native Rare
big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus Present Native Common
Boreal Redback Vole, Red-backed Mouse, Red-backed Vole, Southern Red-backed Vole, White-Mountain Red-backed Mouse Clethrionomys gapperi Present Native Uncommon
Brewer's Mole, Hairy-tailed Mole Parascalops breweri Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
common gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus Present Native Rare
Chickaree, Red Squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Domestic Cat Felis catus Present Non-native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern red bat Lasiurus borealis Present Native Rare
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Present Native Common
eastern gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis Present Native Common
eastern fox squirrel Sciurus niger Present Native Common
eastern chipmunk Tamias striatus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hedgehog, Porcupine Erethizon dorsatum Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata Present Native Rare
little brown bat Myotis lucifugus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
meadow jumping mouse Zapus hudsonius Present Native Common
meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus Present Native Abundant
Masked Shrew Sorex cinereus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
prairie deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
raccoon Procyon lotor Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis Present Native Uncommon
southern bog lemming Synaptomys cooperi Present Native Rare
southern flying squirrel Glaucomys volans Present Native Unknown
smoky shrew Sorex fumeus Present Native Rare
Star-nosed Mole Condylura cristata Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Present Native Abundant
Woodland Jumping Mouse Napaeozapus insignis Present Native Uncommon
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Present Native Abundant
woodchuck Marmota monax Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
american woodcock Scolopax minor Present Native Occasional
american kestrel Falco sparverius Not In Park Native - -
american crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Present Native Abundant
american tree sparrow Spizella arborea Present Native Rare
American goldfinch Spinus tristis Present Native Abundant
American Pipit, American Water Pipit, Water Pipit Anthus rubescens Probably Present Native - -
american redstart Setophaga ruticilla Present Native Common
american robin Turdus migratorius Present Native Abundant
alder flycatcher Empidonax alnorum Present Native Occasional
acadian flycatcher Empidonax virescens Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
broad-winged hawk Buteo platypterus Present Native Rare
black vulture Coragyps atratus Present Native Occasional
Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon Present Native Occasional
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus Present Native Rare
Brown Creeper Certhia americana Present Native Uncommon
blue jay Cyanocitta cristata Present Native Abundant
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Rare
Bank Swallow, Common Bank Swallow Riparia riparia Not In Park Native - -
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus Not In Park Native - -
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Present Native Rare
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Native Uncommon
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Present Native Uncommon
Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus Present Native Abundant
black-throated blue warbler Dendroica caerulescens Present Native Rare
bay-breasted warbler Dendroica castanea Present Native Occasional
blackburnian warbler Dendroica fusca Present Native Common
blackpoll warbler Dendroica striata Present Native Rare
black-throated green warbler Dendroica virens Present Native Abundant
black-and-white warbler Mniotilta varia Present Native Rare
blue-winged warbler Vermivora pinus Present Native Rare
blue-gray gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Present Native Uncommon
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius Present Native Common
barred owl Strix varia Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
cooper's hawk Accipiter cooperii Probably Present Native - -
Common Mallard, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Present Native Rare
Canada Goose, Eastern Canada Goose Branta canadensis Present Native Rare
chimney swift Chaetura pelagica Present Native Uncommon
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor Not In Park Native - -
Canada Ruffed Grouse, Partridge, Ruffed Grouse, Timber Grouse Bonasa umbellus Present Native Rare
cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Present Native Abundant
Common Raven, Northern Raven, Raven Corvus corax Present Native Rare
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present Native Abundant
Common Redpoll, Greater Redpoll, Mealy Redpoll Carduelis flammea Present Native Rare
Cliff Swallow, Eastern Cliff Swallow, Eave Swallow, Northern Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Not In Park Native - -
common grackle Quiscalus quiscula Present Native Uncommon
Carolina Chickadee Poecile carolinensis Present Native Occasional
cerulean warbler Dendroica cerulea Present Native Uncommon
chestnut-sided warbler Dendroica pensylvanica Present Native Common
cape may warbler Dendroica tigrina Present Native Rare
common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Present Native Abundant
connecticut warbler Oporornis agilis Probably Present Native - -
canada warbler Wilsonia canadensis Present Native Occasional
carolina wren Thryothorus ludovicianus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis Present Native Uncommon
downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Goshawk, Goshawk, Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Present Native Occasional
Eastern Savannah Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Not In Park Native - -
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Present Native Abundant
Eastern Vesper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Present Native Occasional
evening grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus Present Native Rare
eastern meadowlark Sturnella magna Present Native Occasional
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present Non-native Uncommon
eastern bluebird Sialia sialis Present Native Rare
eastern wood-pewee Contopus virens Present Native Common
eastern phoebe Sayornis phoebe Present Native Uncommon
eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Probably Present Native - -
Eastern Green Heron, Green heron, Green-backed Heron Butorides virescens Present Native Occasional
Eastern Screech-Owl, Screech Owl Otus asio Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca Present Native Occasional
field sparrow Spizella pusilla Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum Present Native Occasional
gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis Present Native Common
golden-winged warbler Vermivora chrysoptera Present Native Rare
golden-crowned kinglet Regulus satrapa Present Native Common
gray-cheeked thrush Catharus minimus Probably Present Native - -
great crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Present Native Rare
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present Native Occasional
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
horned lark Eremophila alpestris Probably Present Native - -
Henslow's sparrow Ammodramus henslowii Not In Park Native - -
house finch Carpodacus mexicanus Present Non-native Rare
hooded warbler Wilsonia citrina Present Native Uncommon
house sparrow Passer domesticus Present Non-native Rare
house wren Troglodytes aedon Present Native Rare
hermit thrush Catharus guttatus Present Native Rare
hairy woodpecker Picoides villosus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Killdeer, Northern Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Present Native Occasional
kentucky warbler Oporornis formosus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla Present Native Occasional
Lincoln's Sparrow, Northern Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Present Native Occasional
Louisiana waterthrush Parkesia motacilla Present Native Rare
Long-billed Marsh Wren, Marsh Wren, Prairie Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris Not In Park Native - -
least flycatcher Empidonax minimus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Rare
magnolia warbler Dendroica magnolia Present Native Uncommon
mourning warbler Oporornis philadelphia Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Not In Park Native - -
northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Present Native Common
northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Not In Park Native - -
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Present Native Rare
northern parula Parula americana Present Native Uncommon
Northern Waterthrush, Northern Water-Thrush Seiurus noveboracensis Probably Present Native - -
nashville warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Present Native Rare
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present Native Uncommon
Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
osprey Pandion haliaetus Not In Park Native - -
orchard oriole Icterus spurius Probably Present Native - -
Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla Present Native Abundant
orange-crowned warbler Vermivora celata Probably Present Native - -
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pheasant, Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Not In Park Non-native - -
Pine siskin Carduelis pinus Probably Present Native - -
purple finch Carpodacus purpureus Present Native Uncommon
purple martin Progne subis Probably Present Native - -
prairie warbler Dendroica discolor Present Native Uncommon
palm warbler Dendroica palmarum Present Native Occasional
pine warbler Dendroica pinus Present Native Rare
Philadelphia vireo Vireo philadelphicus Probably Present Native - -
Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present Native Rare
red-shouldered hawk Buteo lineatus Present Native Rare
ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris Present Native Rare
rock dove Columba livia Probably Present Non-native - -
rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus Present Native Rare
Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra Not In Park Native - -
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Rare
rusty blackbird Euphagus carolinus Probably Present Native - -
ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula Present Native Uncommon
red-breasted nuthatch Sitta canadensis Present Native Uncommon
red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus Present Native Abundant
red-bellied woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus Present Native Common
red-headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sharp-shinned hawk Accipiter striatus Present Native Occasional
swamp sparrow Melospiza georgiana Present Native Rare
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Present Native Common
scarlet tanager Piranga olivacea Present Native Abundant
summer tanager Piranga rubra Not In Park Native - -
Sedge Wren, Short-billed Marsh Wren, Short-billed Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis Not In Park Native - -
swainson's thrush Catharus ustulatus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Common
Tundra Swan, Whistling Swan Cygnus columbianus Not In Park Native - -
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Present Native Rare
tufted titmouse Baeolophus bicolor Present Native Common
tennessee warbler Vermivora peregrina Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
veery Catharus fuscescens Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus Probably Present Native - -
Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo Present Native Abundant
white-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Present Native Rare
white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Probably Present Native - -
White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera Not In Park Native - -
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorus Present Native Occasional
wilson's warbler Wilsonia pusilla Present Native Rare
white-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Present Native Common
winter wren Troglodytes hiemalis Present Native Occasional
wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina Present Native Abundant
willow flycatcher Empidonax traillii Present Native Rare
warbling vireo Vireo gilvus Present Native Occasional
white-eyed vireo Vireo griseus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Present Native Occasional
yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata Present Native Uncommon
yellow-throated warbler Dendroica dominica Present Native Occasional
yellow warbler Dendroica petechia Present Native Rare
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens Present Native Rare
yellow-bellied flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris Present Native Occasional
yellow-throated vireo Vireo flavifrons Present Native Rare
yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Present Native Occasional

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Black Rat Snake Elaphe obsoleta obsoleta Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
common snapping turtle Chelydra serpentina Present Native Occasional
Central Painted Turtle, Eastern Painted Turtle, Midland Painted Turtle, Painted Turtle Chrysemys picta Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Milk Snake Lampropeltis triangulum triangulum Present Native Occasional
Eastern garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis Present Native Rare
Eastern Box Turtle Terrapene carolina carolina Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mountain earth snake Virginia valeriae pulchra Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern black racer Coluber constrictor constrictor Present Native Occasional
Northern Ringneck Snake Diadophis punctatus edwardsii Present Native Occasional
Northern Water Snake Nerodia sipedon sipedon Present Native Occasional
Northern Red-bellied Snake Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata Probably Present Native - -
northern fence lizard Sceloporus undulatus hyacinthinus Unconfirmed Native - -
northern copperhead Agkistrodon contortrix mokasen Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
smooth green snake Opheodrys vernalis Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
timber rattlesnake Crotalus horridus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
wood turtle Glyptemys insculpta Probably Present Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bullfrog Rana catesbeiana Present Unknown Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Cope's gray treefrog Hyla chrysoscelis Present Native Occasional
Common Frog, Leopard Frog, Meadow Frog, Northern Leopard Frog Rana pipiens Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern American Toad Bufo americanus americanus Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Red-backed Salamander, Northern Redback Salamander, Red-backed Salamander Plethodon cinereus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
FROG, GREEN Rana clamitans melanota Present Native Common
Four-toed Salamander Hemidactylium scutatum Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Gray Treefrog, Rain Toad, Tree Toad Hyla versicolor Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Longtail Salamander, Long-tailed Salamander Eurycea longicauda longicauda Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
marbled salamander Ambystoma opacum Unconfirmed Native - -
mountain dusky salamander Desmognathus ochrophaeus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Northern Spring Peeper Pseudacris crucifer crucifer Present Native Abundant
Northern Dusky Salamander Desmognathus fuscus fuscus Present Native Common
Northern Two-lined Salamander, Two-lined Salamander Eurycea bislineata Present Native Rare
northern spring salamander Gyrinophilus porphyriticus porphyriticus Present Native Rare
northern slimy salamander Plethodon glutinosus Present Native Common
Northern Red Salamander Pseudotriton ruber ruber Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pickerel frog Rana palustris Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-spotted newt Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
spotted salamander Ambystoma maculatum Probably Present Native - -
SEAL SALAMANDER Desmognathus monticola Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
TOAD, FOWLER'S Bufo woodhousii fowleri Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
wood frog Rana sylvatica Present Native Uncommon
Wehrle's Salamander Plethodon wehrlei Unconfirmed Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
creek chub Semotilus atromaculatus Present Native Abundant
Common Sunfish, Pumpkinseed, Pumpkinseed Sunfish Lepomis gibbosus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern blacknose dace Rhinichthys atratulus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fallfish Semotilus corporalis Not In Park Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
kiamichi shiner Notropis ortenburgeri Not In Park Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Slimy sculpin Cottus cognatus Not In Park Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white sucker Catostomus commersonii Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
ambrosia leaf bur ragweed Ambrosia ambrosioides Not In Park Non-native - -
annual ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia Present Native Unknown
aster Aster - - - - - -
aster Symphyotrichum - - - - - -
American pokeweed, common pokeweed, inkberry, pigeonberry, poke, pokeberry, pokeweed Phytolacca americana Present Native Unknown
Atlantic white cedar Chamaecyparis - - - - - -
American Yew Taxus canadensis Present Native Rare
arrowwood, arrow-wood viburnum, southern arrowwood Viburnum dentatum Not In Park Unknown - -
arrow-wood Viburnum recognitum Present Native Uncommon
azaleas, rhododendron Rhododendron - - - - - -
American hogpeanut Amphicarpaea bracteata Present Native Uncommon
Alfalfa, Lucerne Medicago sativa Present Non-native Unknown
alder Alnus - - - - - -
American hornbeam Carpinus caroliniana Present Native Unknown
American hazelnut Corylus americana Present Native Unknown
American chestnut Castanea dentata Present Native Unknown
American beech Fagus grandifolia Present Native Common
American Germander Teucrium canadense Present Native Uncommon
ash Fraxinus - - - - - -
American squawroot Conopholis americana Present Native Uncommon
Allegheny monkey-flower Mimulus ringens Present Native Uncommon
American speedwell, brooklime Veronica americana Present Native Unknown
arrowleaf violet, arrow-leaved violet Viola sagittata Present Native Unknown
American basswood Tilia americana Present Native Common
Awl Sedge Carex stipata Present Native Uncommon
American Great Bulrush Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani Present Native Uncommon
awnless brome, smooth brome Bromus inermis Present Non-native Unknown
American bugbane Actaea podocarpa Not In Park Native - -
- - Actaea racemosa Present Native Common
autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata Present Non-native Common
agrimony Agrimonia - - - - - -
Agrimony Agrimonia gryposepala Present Native Unknown
avens Geum - - - - - -
Avens Geum canadense Present Native Common
apple Malus - - - - - -
American elm Ulmus americana Present Native Uncommon
alumroot Heuchera - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
blueeyed grass, blue-eyed grass Sisyrinchium - - - - - -
brown widelip orchid Liparis liliifolia Present Native Rare
beggartick, beggarticks, devil's sticktight, Spanish needles Bidens - - - - - -
bull thistle Cirsium vulgare Present Non-native Unknown
Beyrich's fleabane, prairie fleabane Erigeron strigosus var. strigosus Present Native Unknown
bigleaf aster Eurybia macrophylla Present Native Unknown
blackeyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta Present Native Common
blowball, common dandelion, dandelion, faceclock Taraxacum officinale Present Non-native Common
blue houndstongue, wild comfrey Cynoglossum virginianum - - - - - -
big chickweed Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare Present Non-native Common
bristled knotweed Polygonum caespitosum - - - - - -
bitter doc Rumex obtusifolius Present Non-native Unknown
burning bush Euonymus - - - - - -
burningbush, winged burning bush, winged euonymus, winged spindletree Euonymus alatus Present Non-native Unknown
blackgum Nyssa sylvatica Present Native Unknown
blackhaw Viburnum prunifolium Present Native Unknown
Black Huckleberry Gaylussacia baccata Present Native Common
blueberries, blueberry, huckleberry Vaccinium - - - - - -
Blue Ridge blueberry Vaccinium pallidum Present Native Common
Birdsfoot Trefoil Lotus corniculatus Present Non-native Unknown
black locust Robinia pseudoacacia Present Native Unknown
birch Betula - - - - - -
black birch, sweet birch Betula lenta Present Native Unknown
black oak Quercus velutina Present Native Common
bitternut hickory Carya cordiformis Present Native Unknown
butternut Juglans cinerea Unconfirmed Native - -
black walnut Juglans nigra Present Native Unknown
butterfly milkweed Asclepias tuberosa Present Native Common
bedstraw Galium - - - - - -
bedstraw Galium tinctorium Present Native Uncommon
Black Ash Fraxinus nigra - - - - - -
border privet Ligustrum obtusifolium Present Non-native Unknown
blackseed plantain Plantago rugelii Present Native Uncommon
bird-eye speedwell Veronica persica Present Non-native Unknown
Blue Vervain Verbena hastata Present Native Uncommon
bellwort Uvularia - - - - - -
Bluebead Lily Clintonia borealis Present Native Unknown
bristly greenbrier Smilax tamnoides Present Native Unknown
Bristly Clubmoss Lycopodium clavatum Present Native Unknown
Bushy St. Johnswort Hypericum densiflorum Present Native Uncommon
black pine Pinus nigra Unconfirmed Non-native - -
blue sedge Carex glaucodea Probably Present Native - -
Bladder Sedge Carex intumescens Present Native Rare
broad looseflower sedge Carex laxiflora Present Native Unknown
bulrush Scirpus georgianus Present Native Uncommon
Beak rush Juncus - - - - - -
bluestem Andropogon - - - - - -
broom-sedge Andropogon virginicus Present Native Common
bearded shorthusk Brachyelytrum erectum Unconfirmed Native - -
Bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon Present Non-native Uncommon
Bosc's panicgrass Dichanthelium boscii - - - - - -
broadleaf rosette grass Dichanthelium latifolium - - - - - -
Bearded Wheatgrass Elymus trachycaulus Present Native Uncommon
bluegrass, bluegrass spp. Poa - - - - - -
broadleaf cattail Typha latifolia Present Native Uncommon
bracken fern Pteridium aquilinum Present Native Common
blue cohosh Caulophyllum thalictroides Probably Present Native - -
buttercup Ranunculus - - - - - -
bristly buttercup Ranunculus hispidus Present Native Uncommon
blisterwort Ranunculus recurvatus Present Native Uncommon
Black Cherry Prunus serotina Present Native Abundant
blackberry, brambles Rubus - - - - - -
bristly dewberry Rubus hispidus Present Native Common
black raspberry Rubus occidentalis Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Arrrowhead Sagittaria latifolia Present Native Rare
Clayton's sweetroot Osmorhiza claytonii Present Native Common
Canadian blacksnakeroot Sanicula canadensis Present Native Unknown
Common Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium angustifolium Present Native Unknown
Common Lady's Slipper, Moccasin Flower Cypripedium acaule Present Native Uncommon
common yarrow Achillea millefolium Present Native Common
Common Burdock Arctium minus Present Non-native Unknown
Common Mugwort Artemisia vulgaris Present Non-native Unknown
Chicory Cichorium intybus Present Non-native Unknown
Canada Thistle Cirsium arvense Present Non-native Unknown
common boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum Present Native Uncommon
cat's-ear Hypochaeris radicata Present Non-native Unknown
Canada lettuce Lactuca canadensis Present Native Unknown
Canada Goldenrod Solidago canadensis Present Native Common
calico aster Symphyotrichum lateriflorum Present Native Common
calico aster Symphyotrichum lateriflorum var. lateriflorum Present Native Common
Coltsfoot Tussilago farfara Present Non-native Unknown
common mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium fontanum Present Non-native Common
climbing false-buckwheat Polygonum scandens - - - - - -
common sheep sorrel Rumex acetosella Present Non-native Common
Curly dock Rumex crispus Present Non-native Unknown
- - Cornus foemina Not In Park Non-native - -
common elderberry Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis Present Native Rare
crown-vetch Securigera varia Present Non-native Unknown
clover Trifolium - - - - - -
chestnut oak Quercus prinus Present Native Common
caryer, hickory Carya - - - - - -
Common Milkweed Asclepias syriaca Present Native Common
common periwinkle Vinca minor Present Non-native Unknown
common selfheal Prunella vulgaris Present Unknown Common
Common Privet Ligustrum vulgare Present Non-native Unknown
clammy hedgehyssop, clammy hedge-hyssop, drug hedgehyssop, hedge hyssop, neglected hedgehyssop Gratiola neglecta - - - - - -
Common Plantain Plantago major Present Unknown Unknown
corn speedwell Veronica arvensis Present Native Uncommon
Common Speedwell Veronica officinalis Present Non-native Unknown
Culver's Root Veronicastrum virginicum Present Native Unknown
catbrier, common greenbriar, greenbriar, greenbrier, sarsaparilla Smilax - - - - - -
cat greenbrier Smilax glauca Present Native Unknown
club moss, clubmoss, clubmosses Lycopodium - - - - - -
cucumber-tree Magnolia acuminata Present Native Common
Common St. Johnswort Hypericum perforatum Present Non-native Unknown
Crack Willow Salix fragilis Present Non-native Unknown
Canadian white violet Viola canadensis Present Native Unknown
common blue violet Viola sororia Present Native Uncommon
cutleaf grapefern Botrychium dissectum Present Native Uncommon
Cinnamon Fern Osmunda cinnamomea Present Native Uncommon
common yellow oxalis Oxalis stricta Present Non-native Unknown
Colorado blue spruce Picea pungens Present Non-native Unknown
carex, sedge, sedge species, sedges Carex - - - - - -
coupled sedge Carex laxiculmis var. copulata Probably Present Native - -
common fox sedge Carex vulpinoidea Present Native Common
common rush Juncus effusus Present Native Uncommon
common woodrush Luzula multiflora - - - - - -
cypress panicgrass Dichanthelium dichotomum - - - - - -
cypress panicgrass Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum Probably Present Native - -
Canada wildrye Elymus canadensis Present Native Uncommon
Common Darnel, Perennial Ryegrass Lolium perenne Present Non-native Unknown
Canada bluegrass Poa compressa Present Non-native Common
Crested Wood Fern Dryopteris cristata Present Native Uncommon
Christmas Fern Polystichum acrostichoides Present Native Common
Common Barberry Berberis vulgaris Present Non-native Unknown
clematis, leather flower Clematis - - - - - -
common hackberry Celtis occidentalis Present Native Rare
Common Shadbush Amelanchier arborea Present Native Unknown
cinquefoil Potentilla - - - - - -
common cinquefoil Potentilla simplex Present Native Common
chokecherry, plum Prunus - - - - - -
Choke Cherry Prunus virginiana Present Native Uncommon
Common Blackberry Rubus allegheniensis Present Native Common
Canadian woodnettle Laportea canadensis Present Native Unknown
Canadian clearweed Pilea pumila Present Native Unknown
currant Ribes - - - - - -
creeping jenny, European bindweed, field bindweed, perennial morningglory, smallflowered morningglory Convolvulus arvensis Present Non-native Unknown
clammy ground-cherry Physalis heterophylla Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
devil's walkingstick Aralia spinosa Present Native Uncommon
downy rattlesnake plantain Goodyera pubescens Present Native Rare
daisy, fleabane Erigeron - - - - - -
Devil's Paintbrush, Orange Hawkweed Hieracium aurantiacum Present Non-native Unknown
Deptford pink Dianthus armeria Present Non-native Uncommon
dotted smartweed Polygonum punctatum Present Native Unknown
dogwood Cornus - - - - - -
deerberry Vaccinium stamineum Present Native Common
dogbane Apocynum - - - - - -
Dog Violet Viola labradorica Present Native Uncommon
downy yellow violet Viola pubescens Present Native Common
Dwarf Enchanter's Nightshade Circaea alpina Present Native Rare
Daisyleaf Grapefern Botrychium matricariifolium Present Native Rare
deertongue Dichanthelium clandestinum Present Native Common
devil's darning needles Clematis virginiana Present Native Uncommon
Deadly Nightshade Solanum dulcamara Present Non-native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern daisy fleabane Erigeron annuus Probably Present Native - -
early goldenrod Solidago juncea Present Native Common
eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides Present Native Uncommon
early blue violet Viola X palmata Present Native Uncommon
enchanter's nightshade Circaea - - - - - -
enchanter's-nightshade Circaea lutetiana Present Native Uncommon
evening primrose, eveningprimrose, evening-primrose Oenothera - - - - - -
eastern white pine Pinus strobus Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Hemlock Tsuga canadensis Present Native Unknown
eastern woodland sedge Carex blanda Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Star Sedge Carex radiata Present Native Unknown
ebony spleenwort Asplenium platyneuron Present Native Unknown
Evergreen Wood Fern Dryopteris intermedia Present Native Common
early woodbuttercup Ranunculus abortivus Present Native Common
early meadow-rue Thalictrum dioicum Present Native Unknown
elm Ulmus - - - - - -
eastern poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
FIELD GARLIC Allium vineale Present Non-native Unknown
False Solomon's Seal Maianthemum racemosum Present Native Common
feathery false lily of the vally Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum Present Native Common
Field Pussytoes Antennaria neglecta Present Native Common
Flat-topped Aster Doellingeria umbellata Present Native Rare
flat-topped white aster Doellingeria umbellata var. umbellata Present Native Rare
Field Hawkweed, King Devil Hieracium caespitosum Present Non-native Unknown
flowering dogwood Cornus florida Present Native Uncommon
fourleaf yam Dioscorea quaternata Present Native Uncommon
Fuller's teasel Dipsacus fullonum Present Non-native Unknown
Fringed Loosestrife Lysimachia ciliata Present Native Uncommon
Fringed Polygala, Gaywings Polygala paucifolia - - - - - -
fragrant bedstraw Galium triflorum Present Native Uncommon
Forsythia Forsythia - - - - - -
fairywand Chamaelirium luteum Present Native Rare
False Hellebore, Indian Poke Veratrum viride - - - - - -
fan clubmoss Lycopodium digitatum Present Native Common
Flat-branch Groundpine Lycopodium obscurum Present Native Common
fuzzy wuzzy sedge Carex hirsutella Present Native Uncommon
field rush Juncus tenuis Present Native Common
Fly-away Grass Agrostis scabra Probably Present Native - -
- - Festuca brevipila Present Native Uncommon
fowl mannagrass Glyceria striata Present Native Uncommon
Fowl Bluegrass Poa palustris Present Native Uncommon
fescue Schedonorus phoenix Present Non-native Uncommon
fescue Schedonorus phoenix Present Non-native Uncommon
fanleaf hawthorn Crataegus flabellata Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green Wood Orchis Platanthera clavellata Present Native Rare
Green Fringed Orchis Platanthera lacera Present Native Uncommon
Grass-leaved Goldenrod Euthamia graminifolia Present Native Common
golden ragwort Packera aurea Present Native Uncommon
groundsel, ragwort Senecio - - - - - -
goldenrod Solidago - - - - - -
giant goldenrod Solidago gigantea Present Native Uncommon
Gray Goldenrod Solidago nemoralis Present Native Unknown
giant ironweed Vernonia gigantea ssp. gigantea Present Native Uncommon
Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolata Present Non-native Common
gray dogwood Cornus racemosa Present Native Uncommon
ground ivy Glechoma hederacea Present Non-native Common
green ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica Present Native Common
groundcedar Lycopodium complanatum Not In Park Non-native - -
Graceful Sedge Carex gracillima Present Native Uncommon
Greater Straw Sedge Carex normalis Present Native Unknown
green bulrush Scirpus atrovirens Present Native Uncommon
grape Vitis - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
heartleaf alexanders, heart-leaf alexanders, meadow zizia, meadowparsnip Zizia aptera Present Native Uncommon
hairy Solomon's seal Polygonatum pubescens Present Native Common
hawkweed Hieracium - - - - - -
Heath Aster Symphyotrichum pilosum Present Native Common
hairy white oldfield aster Symphyotrichum pilosum var. pilosum Present Native Common
hound's-tongue Cynoglossum officinale - - - - - -
hairy bittercress Cardamine hirsuta Present Non-native Unknown
honeysuckle Lonicera - - - - - -
Highbush Blueberry Vaccinium corymbosum - - - - - -
hoary ticktrefoil Desmodium canescens Present Native Unknown
hairy clover Trifolium arvense Present Non-native Unknown
Hop Clover, Yellow clover Trifolium aureum Present Non-native Unknown
hophornbeam Ostrya virginiana Present Native Unknown
Huachuca skullcap, skullcap Scutellaria - - - - - -
hoary skullcap Scutellaria incana Present Native Uncommon
halberd-leaved yellow violet Viola hastata Present Native Common
hemlock Tsuga - - - - - -
hedgehog woodrush Luzula echinata Present Native Unknown
hotsprings panicum, hotsprings rosette grass, tapered rosette grass Dichanthelium acuminatum - - - - - -
Hay-scented Fern Dennstaedtia punctilobula Present Native Common
hawthorns Crataegus - - - - - -
hawthorne Crataegus pruinosa Present Native Uncommon
heartleaf foamflower Tiarella cordifolia Present Native Unknown
hedge false bindweed Calystegia sepium Present Native Unknown
horse-nettle Solanum carolinense Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
iris Iris - - - - - -
Indian-tobacco Lobelia inflata Present Native Unknown
Indian pipe Monotropa uniflora Present Native Uncommon
Indianhemp Apocynum cannabinum Present Native Unknown
Indian cucumber Medeola virginiana Present Native Common
Interrupted Fern Osmunda claytoniana Present Native Uncommon
Inflated Sedge Carex vesicaria - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Jack in the pulpit Arisaema triphyllum Present Native Uncommon
Jack in the pulpit Arisaema triphyllum ssp. triphyllum Probably Present Native - -
Joe-Pye-weed Eupatoriadelphus fistulosus Present Native Unknown
Jerusalem Artichoke Helianthus tuberosus Present Unknown Unknown
jumpseed Polygonum virginianum Present Native Common
Japanese honeysuckle Lonicera japonica Present Non-native Common
jewelweed Impatiens capensis Present Native Common
Japanese larch Larix kaempferi Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Japanese barberry Berberis thunbergii Present Non-native Unknown
Japanese flowering crabapple Malus floribunda Present Non-native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
knotweed, smartweed species Polygonum - - - - - -
Kentucky bluegrass Poa pratensis Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
lady's slipper Cypripedium - - - - - -
large round-leaved orchid Platanthera orbiculata Present Native Rare
lesser quickweed Galinsoga parviflora Present Non-native Unknown
late goldenrod Solidago altissima Present Native Common
Lesser Stitchwort Stellaria graminea Present Non-native Unknown
Long-leaved Stitchwort Stellaria longifolia Present Native Uncommon
lady's-thumb Polygonum persicaria Present Non-native Common
Low Blueberry Vaccinium angustifolium Present Native Common
lanceleaf loosestrife Lysimachia lanceolata Present Native Uncommon
- - Lespedeza - - - - - -
licorice bedstraw Galium circaezans Present Native Common
lanceleaf wild licorice Galium lanceolatum Present Native Uncommon
largeflower bellwort Uvularia grandiflora Present Native Unknown
lily Lilium - - - - - -
Large-toothed Aspen, Popple Populus grandidentata Present Native Unknown
larch Larix - - - - - -
Larch, Tamarack Larix laricina Unconfirmed Non-native - -
limestone meadow sedge Carex granularis Present Native Uncommon
leafy bulrush Scirpus polyphyllus Present Native Uncommon
lady fern Athyrium filix-femina - - - - - -
Lady Fern Athyrium filix-femina ssp. angustum Present Native Uncommon
low false bindweed Calystegia spithamaea Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mountain winterberry Ilex montana Unconfirmed Native - -
mountain blue eyedgrass Sisyrinchium montanum Present Native Unknown
Macoun's cudweed Pseudognaphalium macounii Unconfirmed Native - -
mapleleaf viburnum Viburnum acerifolium Present Native Common
Morrow's Honeysuckle Lonicera morrowii Present Non-native Abundant
Mountain Laurel Kalmia latifolia Present Native Unknown
mockernut hickory Carya alba Present Native Uncommon
meadow closed gentian Gentiana clausa Present Native Rare
mint Mentha - - - - - -
Mad-dog Skullcap Scutellaria lateriflora Present Native Rare
Marsh Blue Violet Viola cucullata Probably Present Native - -
Marsh Rush Juncus canadensis Present Native Rare
matting rosette grass Dichanthelium meridionale Present Native Uncommon
meadow fescue Festuca elatior - - - - - -
meadow fescue Lolium pratense - - - - - -
Muhly grass Muhlenbergia - - - - - -
meadow fescue Schedonorus pratensis Present Non-native Common
meadow fescue Schedonorus pratensis Present Non-native Common
Marginal Shield Fern Dryopteris marginalis - - - - - -
mayapple Podophyllum peltatum Present Native Common
mulberry Morus - - - - - -
Mahaleb cherry Prunus mahaleb Present Non-native Uncommon
multiflora rose Rosa multiflora Present Non-native Common
Meadowsweet Spiraea alba var. latifolia Present Native Uncommon
maples Acer - - - - - -
man of the earth Ipomoea pandurata Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
nodding ladies'-tresses Spiranthes cernua Present Native Rare
New York ironweed Vernonia noveboracensis Probably Present Native - -
nannyberry, nanny-berry Viburnum lentago Present Native Unknown
Northern Red Oak Quercus rubra Present Native Common
Northern Bugleweed Lycopus uniflorus Present Native Uncommon
narrowleaf mountainmint Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Present Native Unknown
narrowleaf plantain Plantago lanceolata Present Non-native Unknown
northern spicebush Lindera benzoin Present Native Common
Norway Spruce Picea abies Present Non-native Unknown
Nepalese browntop Microstegium vimineum Present Non-native Common
nimblewill Muhlenbergia schreberi Present Native Uncommon
northern maidenhair Adiantum pedatum Present Native Uncommon
New York fern Thelypteris noveboracensis Present Native Common
New Jersey tea Ceanothus americanus Present Native Rare
Ninebark Physocarpus opulifolius Present Native Unknown
northern dewberry Rubus flagellaris Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
oxeye daisy Leucanthemum vulgare Present Non-native Common
One-sided Pyrola Orthilia secunda Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Orchard Grass Dactylis glomerata Present Non-native Common
ostrich fern Matteuccia struthiopteris Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pussytoes Antennaria - - - - - -
Purple stem beggar's ticks Bidens connata Present Native Rare
pasture thistle Cirsium pumilum Unconfirmed Native - -
Pilewort Erechtites hieraciifolia - - - - - -
prairie fleabane Erigeron strigosus Present Native Unknown
paleleaf woodland sunflower Helianthus strumosus Present Native Unknown
Panicled Hawkweed Hieracium paniculatum Present Native Unknown
Purple-stemmed Aster Symphyotrichum puniceum Present Native Uncommon
palespike lobelia Lobelia spicata Present Native Unknown
palespike lobelia Lobelia spicata var. spicata Present Native Unknown
Pagoda Dogwood Cornus alternifolia Present Native Rare
Pacific yew, Western Yew Taxus brevifolia Unconfirmed Non-native - -
pink azalea, pinxterbloom azalea Rhododendron periclymenoides Present Native Uncommon
panicled ticktrefoil Desmodium paniculatum Present Native Uncommon
perennial sweetpea Lathyrus latifolius Present Non-native Unknown
Purple Milkwort Polygala sanguinea Present Native Uncommon
pignut hickory Carya glabra Present Native Unknown
Partridgeberry Mitchella repens Present Native Unknown
princesstree Paulownia tomentosa Present Non-native Uncommon
perfoliate bellwort Uvularia perfoliata Present Native Unknown
pawpaw Asimina triloba Present Native Uncommon
primrose violet Viola X primulifolia Probably Present Native - -
Purple-leaved Willow Herb Epilobium coloratum Probably Present Native - -
Pennsylvania sedge Carex pensylvanica Present Native Unknown
plantainleaf sedge Carex plantaginea - - - - - -
Pointed Broom Sedge Carex scoparia Present Native Rare
poverty oatgrass Danthonia spicata Present Native Uncommon
panicgrass, panicum Panicum - - - - - -
panic grass Panicum philadelphicum Unconfirmed Native - -
purpletop Tridens flavus Present Native Uncommon
paradise apple Malus pumila Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Queen Anne's lace Daucus carota Present Non-native Common
Quaking Aspen Populus tremuloides Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
rattlesnakeweed Hieracium venosum - - - - - -
rattlesnakeroot Prenanthes - - - - - -
Rattlesnake root Prenanthes alba Present Native Unknown
Rough-stemmed Goldenrod Solidago rugosa Present Native Common
Red-osier Dogwood Cornus sericea Present Unknown Unknown
red clover Trifolium pratense Present Non-native Unknown
river birch Betula nigra Present Native Uncommon
Rough Bedstraw Galium asprellum Present Native Uncommon
rosybells Streptopus lanceolatus var. roseus Probably Present Native - -
roundleaf greenbrier Smilax rotundifolia Present Native Common
ridged yellow flax, rigid flax Linum striatum Present Native Unknown
round-leaved violet Viola rotundifolia Present Native Common
rattlesnake fern Botrychium virginianum Present Native Uncommon
Red Spruce Picea rubens Present Non-native Uncommon
Red Pine Pinus resinosa Present Non-native Unknown
rosy sedge Carex rosea Present Native Unknown
Rhode Island Bent Agrostis capillaris Present Non-native Uncommon
Redtop Agrostis gigantea Present Non-native Unknown
Redtop Agrostis stolonifera Present Non-native Uncommon
rosette grass Dichanthelium - - - - - -
roundseed panicgrass, roundseed panicum Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon Present Native Uncommon
Rattlesnake Grass Glyceria canadensis - - - - - -
Rice Cutgrass Leersia oryzoides Present Native Uncommon
reed canary grass Phalaris arundinacea Present Non-native Unknown
rough bluegrass Poa trivialis Present Non-native Uncommon
rue anemone Thalictrum thalictroides Present Native Common
roughfruit cinquefoil Potentilla recta Unconfirmed Non-native - -
red maple Acer rubrum Present Native Abundant
round-leaved gooseberry Ribes rotundifolium Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Skunk Cabbage Symplocarpus foetidus Present Native Uncommon
sanicle Sanicula - - - - - -
Solomon's-seal Polygonatum biflorum Present Native Uncommon
shrubland beggarticks Bidens sandvicensis ssp. sandvicensis Not In Park Non-native - -
spotted Joe-Pye-weed Eupatoriadelphus maculatus var. maculatus Probably Present Native - -
spotted Joe-Pye-weed Eupatoriadelphus maculatus var. maculatus Probably Present Native - -
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed Eupatorium maculatum - - - - - -
starwort Stellaria - - - - - -
star chickweed Stellaria pubera Present Native Uncommon
strawberry-bush Euonymus americanus - - - - - -
silky dogwood Cornus amomum Probably Present Native - -
striped prince's pine Chimaphila maculata Present Native Uncommon
shineleaf, wintergreen Pyrola - - - - - -
Starflower Trientalis borealis Present Native Uncommon
Speckled Alder Alnus incana ssp. rugosa Present Native Rare
smooth alder Alnus serrulata Present Native Uncommon
swamp white oak Quercus bicolor Present Native Uncommon
scarlet oak Quercus coccinea Present Native Unknown
shagbark hickory Carya ovata Present Native Unknown
Spreading Dogbane Apocynum androsaemifolium Present Native Unknown
swamp milkweed Asclepias incarnata Present Native Uncommon
stickywilly Galium aparine Present Native Common
spotted geranium Geranium maculatum Present Native Common
speedwell Veronica - - - - - -
sassafras Sassafras albidum Present Native Common
smooth carrionflower Smilax herbacea Present Native Rare
Shining Clubmoss Huperzia lucidula Probably Present Native - -
Shrubby St. Johnswort Hypericum prolificum Present Native Uncommon
spotted St. Johnswort Hypericum punctatum Present Native Rare
Sweet White Violet Viola blanda Present Native Uncommon
sweet violet Viola odorata Present Native Unknown
stemless blue violet Viola septentrionalis Unconfirmed Native - -
striped cream violet Viola striata Present Native Common
Small Sundrops Oenothera perennis Present Native Unknown
southern adderstongue Ophioglossum vulgatum Present Native Uncommon
Scotch Pine Pinus sylvestris Present Non-native Common
sedge Carex appalachica - - - - - -
sedge Carex debilis Present Native Uncommon
Slender-stalked Sedge Carex debilis var. rudgei Present Native Uncommon
sedge Carex digitalis Present Native Uncommon
slender looseflower sedge Carex gracilescens - - - - - -
Sickle-grass Carex gynandra - - - - - -
spreading sedge Carex laxiculmis Probably Present Native - -
spreading sedge Carex laxiculmis var. laxiculmis Probably Present Native - -
Sallow Sedge Carex lurida Present Native Uncommon
sedge Carex swanii Present Native Common
sedge Carex virescens Present Native Uncommon
spikerush, spikesedge Eleocharis - - - - - -
Slender Spike-rush Eleocharis tenuis Present Native Uncommon
Secund Rush Juncus secundus Present Native Uncommon
Sweet Vernal Grass Anthoxanthum odoratum Present Non-native Common
stout woodreed Cinna arundinacea Present Native Uncommon
Slender Mannagrass Glyceria melicaria Present Native Uncommon
shield fern, shieldfern, wood fern, woodfern Dryopteris - - - - - -
spinulose wood fern Dryopteris carthusiana Present Native Uncommon
Sensitive Fern, Beadfern Onoclea sensibilis Present Native Uncommon
silver false spleenwort Deparia acrostichoides Present Native Uncommon
sweet autumn virginsbower, YAM-LEAVED CLEMATIS Clematis terniflora Probably Present Non-native - -
serviceberry Amelanchier - - - - - -
strawberry Fragaria - - - - - -
sweet crabapple Malus coronaria Present Native Unknown
sweet cherry Prunus avium - - - - - -
spirea, white meadowsweet Spiraea alba Present Native Uncommon
slippery elm Ulmus rubra Present Native Uncommon
shining sumac Rhus copallinum Present Native Uncommon
staghorn sumac Rhus typhina Present Native Common
sugar maple Acer saccharum Present Native Common
summer grape Vitis aestivalis Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
two-leaved toothwort Cardamine diphylla Present Native Uncommon
tearthumb Polygonum sagittatum Present Native Unknown
Tartarian honeysuckle Lonicera tatarica Present Non-native Abundant
teasel Dipsacus - - - - - -
touch-me-not Impatiens - - - - - -
tick trefoil, tickclover, ticktrefoil Desmodium - - - - - -
Thyme-leaved Speedwell Veronica serpyllifolia Present Non-native Unknown
turk's-cap lily Lilium superbum Present Native Uncommon
tuliptree Liriodendron tulipifera Present Native Common
troublesome sedge Carex molesta Present Native Unknown
Tussock Sedge Carex stricta Probably Present Native - -
twisted sedge Carex torta Present Native Uncommon
Tall Oatgrass Arrhenatherum elatius Present Non-native Uncommon
tall oatgrass Arrhenatherum elatius var. elatius Probably Present Non-native - -
tapered rosette grass Dichanthelium acuminatum var. acuminatum Probably Present Native - -
tall fescue Lolium arundinaceum - - - - - -
timothy Phleum pratense Present Non-native Unknown
thimbleweed Anemone virginiana Present Native Common
Tall Buttercup Ranunculus acris Present Non-native Common
Tall Meadow Rue Thalictrum pubescens Present Native Unknown
tree-of-heaven Ailanthus altissima Present Non-native Unknown
twoleaf miterwort Mitella diphylla Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Upland Bent Agrostis perennans Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Virginia iris Iris virginica Not In Park Native - -
viburnum Viburnum - - - - - -
Venus' pride Houstonia purpurea Present Native Uncommon
Venus' pride Houstonia purpurea var. purpurea Present Native Uncommon
Virginia Bulgleweed Lycopus virginicus Present Native Uncommon
violet Viola - - - - - -
Virginia snakeroot Aristolochia serpentaria - - - - - -
velvetgrass Holcus lanatus Present Non-native Common
Virginia strawberry Fragaria virginiana Present Native Common
Virginia creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Water Hemlock Cicuta maculata Present Native Rare
Wild Parsnip Pastinaca sativa Present Non-native Unknown
Wild Sarsaparilla Aralia nudicaulis Present Native Common
Water Pennywort Hydrocotyle americana - - - - - -
Winterberry, Black Alder Ilex verticillata Present Native Rare
Wild Lily-of-the-valley Maianthemum canadense Present Native Common
white snakeroot Ageratina altissima Present Native Abundant
white snakeroot Ageratina altissima var. altissima Present Native Abundant
woman's tobacco Antennaria plantaginifolia Present Native Unknown
white wood aster Eurybia divaricata Present Native Common
wreath goldenrod Solidago caesia Present Native Common
wrinkle-leaf goldenrod Solidago rugosa ssp. aspera Present Native Common
wrinkleleaf goldenrod Solidago rugosa ssp. rugosa Present Native Uncommon
Winter Cress, Yellow Rocket Barbarea vulgaris Present Non-native Unknown
wild hydrangea Hydrangea arborescens Present Native Unknown
wild yam Dioscorea villosa Present Native Uncommon
Wintergreen, Checkerberry Gaultheria procumbens Present Native Common
whorled yellow loosestrife Lysimachia quadrifolia Present Native Common
white clover Trifolium repens Present Non-native Unknown
whorled milkwort Polygala verticillata Present Native Uncommon
whorled milkwort Polygala verticillata var. verticillata Present Native Rare
white oak Quercus alba Present Native Common
Wild Madder Galium mollugo Present Non-native Unknown
wild-basil Clinopodium vulgare Present Non-native Unknown
water horehound, waterhorehound Lycopus - - - - - -
Water Horehound Lycopus americanus Present Native Uncommon
Wild Mint Mentha X villosa Present Non-native Uncommon
white ash Fraxinus americana Present Native Common
White or Foxglove Beardtongue Penstemon digitalis Present Native Uncommon
white vervain Verbena urticifolia Present Native Uncommon
Wild Oats Uvularia sessilifolia Present Native Unknown
white clintonia Clintonia umbellulata Present Native Unknown
Waxweed Cuphea viscosissima Probably Present Native - -
wood sorrel, woodsorrel Oxalis - - - - - -
white fir Abies concolor Unconfirmed Non-native - -
White Spruce Picea glauca - - - - - -
white bear sedge Carex albursina Probably Present Native - -
weakstalk bulrush Schoenoplectus purshianus Present Native Uncommon
Wool Grass Scirpus cyperinus Present Native Uncommon
Woodrush Luzula acuminata Present Native Unknown
Wild Oatgrass Danthonia compressa Present Native Unknown
western panicgrass Dichanthelium acuminatum var. fasciculatum Present Native Uncommon
woolly rosette grass Dichanthelium scabriusculum Present Native Uncommon
Witchgrass, Quackgrass Elymus repens Present Non-native Uncommon
whitegrass Leersia virginica Present Native Uncommon
wirestem muhly grass Muhlenbergia frondosa Present Native Unknown
woodland bluegrass Poa alsodes Present Native Unknown
Wild Red Raspberry Rubus idaeus Present Native Uncommon
woodland stonecrop Sedum ternatum Present