Friendship Hill National Historic Site

Rank: 294

Park Description

Albert Gallatin is best remembered for his thirteen year tenure as Secretary of the Treasury during the Jefferson and Madison administrations. In that time he reduced the national debt, purchased the Louisiana Territory and funded the Lewis & Clark exploration. Gallatin's accomplishments and contributions are highlighted at Friendship Hill, his restored country estate.

Park Address

Friendship Hill NHS 1 Washington Parkway

Farmington, PA, 15437

Friendship Hill National Historic Site Activites




Species in Friendship Hill National Historic Site by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in Friendship Hill National Historic Site. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Beaver, Beaver, Canadian Beaver Castor canadensis Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus Probably Present Native - -
Brewer's Mole, Hairy-tailed Mole Parascalops breweri Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
coyote Canis latrans Present Native Unknown
common gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus Probably Present Native - -
Common Muskrat, Muskrat, Musquash, Water Rat Ondatra zibethicus Probably Present Native - -
Chickaree, Red Squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Present Native Common
eastern gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis Present Native Common
eastern fox squirrel Sciurus niger Present Native Common
eastern chipmunk Tamias striatus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus Present Native Abundant
Masked Shrew Sorex cinereus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Norway rat Rattus norvegicus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
northern short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
prairie deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red fox Vulpes vulpes Present Native Rare
raccoon Procyon lotor Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis Present Native Uncommon
southern flying squirrel Glaucomys volans Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Present Native Abundant
Weasel Mustela - - - - - -
Woodland Jumping Mouse Napaeozapus insignis Probably Present Native - -
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Present Native Abundant
woodchuck Marmota monax Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Rough-legged Hawk, Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus Present Native Occasional
American Pintail, Northern Pintail, Pintail Anas acuta Not In Park Native - -
American Black Duck, Black Duck, Common Black Duck, Red-legged Black Duck Anas rubripes Not In Park Native - -
American Golden-eye, Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula Not In Park Native - -
american woodcock Scolopax minor Present Native Occasional
american kestrel Falco sparverius Present Native Occasional
american crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Present Native Abundant
american tree sparrow Spizella arborea Present Native Rare
American goldfinch Spinus tristis Present Native Abundant
American Pipit, American Water Pipit, Water Pipit Anthus rubescens Probably Present Native - -
american redstart Setophaga ruticilla Present Native Rare
american robin Turdus migratorius Present Native Abundant
alder flycatcher Empidonax alnorum Probably Present Native - -
acadian flycatcher Empidonax virescens Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
broad-winged hawk Buteo platypterus Present Native Rare
Bald Eagle, Northern Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Present Native Occasional
black vulture Coragyps atratus Present Native Rare
Bufflehead, Buffle-head Bucephala albeola Not In Park Native - -
Belted Kingfisher, Eastern Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Present Native Uncommon
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus Present Native Rare
Brown Creeper Certhia americana Present Native Rare
blue jay Cyanocitta cristata Present Native Abundant
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Common
Bank Swallow, Common Bank Swallow Riparia riparia Probably Present Native - -
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus Present Native Occasional
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Present Native Common
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Native Common
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Present Native Rare
Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus Present Native Uncommon
black-throated blue warbler Dendroica caerulescens Probably Present Native - -
bay-breasted warbler Dendroica castanea Present Native Occasional
blackburnian warbler Dendroica fusca Present Native Rare
blackpoll warbler Dendroica striata Present Native Rare
black-throated green warbler Dendroica virens Present Native Occasional
black-and-white warbler Mniotilta varia Present Native Rare
blue-winged warbler Vermivora pinus Present Native Uncommon
blue-gray gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Present Native Common
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius Present Native Rare
barred owl Strix varia Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
cooper's hawk Accipiter cooperii Present Native Rare
Common Mallard, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Present Native Abundant
Canvasback Aythya valisineria Not In Park Native - -
Canada Goose, Eastern Canada Goose Branta canadensis Present Native Abundant
chimney swift Chaetura pelagica Present Native Abundant
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor Present Native Rare
Canada Ruffed Grouse, Partridge, Ruffed Grouse, Timber Grouse Bonasa umbellus Probably Present Native - -
Common Loon, Greater Common Loon Gavia immer Not In Park Native - -
cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Present Native Abundant
Common Raven, Northern Raven, Raven Corvus corax Present Native Rare
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present Native Common
Common Redpoll, Greater Redpoll, Mealy Redpoll Carduelis flammea Not In Park Native - -
Cliff Swallow, Eastern Cliff Swallow, Eave Swallow, Northern Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Present Native Occasional
common grackle Quiscalus quiscula Present Native Uncommon
Carolina Chickadee Poecile carolinensis Present Native Abundant
cerulean warbler Dendroica cerulea Present Native Rare
chestnut-sided warbler Dendroica pensylvanica Present Native Rare
cape may warbler Dendroica tigrina Present Native Occasional
common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Present Native Common
connecticut warbler Oporornis agilis Probably Present Native - -
canada warbler Wilsonia canadensis Present Native Occasional
carolina wren Thryothorus ludovicianus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
dark-winged scoter sp., duck sp., eider sp., scaup sp., scoter sp., White-bellied Brant Anatidae - - - - - -
dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis Present Native Common
downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens Present Native Common
Double-crested Cormorant, Northern Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Goshawk, Goshawk, Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Not In Park Native - -
Eastern Savannah Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Not In Park Native - -
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Present Native Abundant
Eastern Vesper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Present Native Rare
evening grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus Probably Present Native - -
eastern meadowlark Sturnella magna Present Native Uncommon
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present Non-native Abundant
eastern bluebird Sialia sialis Present Native Common
eastern wood-pewee Contopus virens Present Native Common
eastern phoebe Sayornis phoebe Present Native Uncommon
eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Present Native Occasional
Eastern Green Heron, Green heron, Green-backed Heron Butorides virescens Probably Present Native - -
Eastern Screech-Owl, Screech Owl Otus asio Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fish crow Corvus ossifragus Present Native Occasional
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca Probably Present Native - -
field sparrow Spizella pusilla Present Native Common
Finch Carpodacus - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Gadwall Anas strepera Not In Park Native - -
Glaucous Gull X Herring Gull (hybrid), Herring Gull X Lesser Black-backed Gull (hybrid) Larus - - - - - -
grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum Present Native Occasional
gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis Present Native Uncommon
golden-winged warbler Vermivora chrysoptera Not In Park Native - -
golden-crowned kinglet Regulus satrapa Present Native Common
gray-cheeked thrush Catharus minimus Present Native Occasional
great crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Present Native Rare
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present Native Rare
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus Not In Park Native - -
horned lark Eremophila alpestris Probably Present Native - -
house finch Carpodacus mexicanus Present Non-native Rare
hooded warbler Wilsonia citrina Present Native Rare
house sparrow Passer domesticus Present Non-native Rare
house wren Troglodytes aedon Present Native Rare
hermit thrush Catharus guttatus Present Native Rare
hairy woodpecker Picoides villosus Present Native Uncommon
Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus Not In Park Native - -
Holboell's Grebe, Holboell's Red-necked Grebe, Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Killdeer, Northern Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Present Native Uncommon
kentucky warbler Oporornis formosus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lesser Scaup, Lesser Scaup Duck Aythya affinis Not In Park Native - -
Lincoln's Sparrow, Northern Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Probably Present Native - -
Louisiana waterthrush Parkesia motacilla Present Native Uncommon
Long-billed Marsh Wren, Marsh Wren, Prairie Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris Not In Park Native - -
least flycatcher Empidonax minimus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Abundant
magnolia warbler Dendroica magnolia Present Native Uncommon
mourning warbler Oporornis philadelphia Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Not In Park Native - -
Northern Ruddy Duck, Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Not In Park Native - -
northern bobwhite Colinus virginianus Present Native Occasional
northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Present Native Abundant
northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Present Native Rare
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Present Native Rare
northern parula Parula americana Present Native Rare
Northern Waterthrush, Northern Water-Thrush Seiurus noveboracensis Present Native Occasional
nashville warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Present Native Rare
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
osprey Pandion haliaetus Present Native Occasional
orchard oriole Icterus spurius Present Native Rare
Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla Present Native Abundant
orange-crowned warbler Vermivora celata Probably Present Native - -
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pheasant, Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Not In Park Non-native - -
Pine siskin Carduelis pinus Present Native Occasional
purple finch Carpodacus purpureus Present Native Rare
purple martin Progne subis Probably Present Native - -
prairie warbler Dendroica discolor Present Native Rare
palm warbler Dendroica palmarum Present Native Occasional
pine warbler Dendroica pinus Present Native Occasional
Philadelphia vireo Vireo philadelphicus Present Native Rare
Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus Present Native Common
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present Native Uncommon
red-shouldered hawk Buteo lineatus Present Native Uncommon
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Not In Park Native - -
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator Not In Park Native - -
ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris Present Native Rare
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Not In Park Native - -
rock dove Columba livia Present Non-native Uncommon
rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus Present Native Rare
Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra Not In Park Native - -
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Abundant
rusty blackbird Euphagus carolinus Probably Present Native - -
ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula Present Native Uncommon
red-breasted nuthatch Sitta canadensis Present Native Rare
red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus Present Native Abundant
red-bellied woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus Present Native Common
red-headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sharp-shinned hawk Accipiter striatus Present Native Rare
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia Present Native Occasional
Sandpipers, Snipes Scolopacidae - - - - - -
swamp sparrow Melospiza georgiana Present Native Occasional
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Present Native Abundant
scarlet tanager Piranga olivacea Present Native Abundant
summer tanager Piranga rubra Present Native Occasional
Sedge Wren, Short-billed Marsh Wren, Short-billed Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis Not In Park Native - -
swainson's thrush Catharus ustulatus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Abundant
Tundra Swan, Whistling Swan Cygnus columbianus Not In Park Native - -
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Present Native Rare
tufted titmouse Baeolophus bicolor Present Native Abundant
tennessee warbler Vermivora peregrina Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
veery Catharus fuscescens Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Wood Duck Aix sponsa Present Native Occasional
whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus Probably Present Native - -
Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo Present Native Abundant
white-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Present Native Uncommon
white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Present Native Occasional
White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera Not In Park Native - -
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorus Present Native Occasional
wilson's warbler Wilsonia pusilla Present Native Occasional
white-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Present Native Common
winter wren Troglodytes troglodytes Probably Present Native - -
wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina Present Native Abundant
willow flycatcher Empidonax traillii Probably Present Native - -
warbling vireo Vireo gilvus Present Native Rare
white-eyed vireo Vireo griseus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Present Native Rare
yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata Present Native Common
yellow-throated warbler Dendroica dominica Present Native Uncommon
yellow warbler Dendroica petechia Present Native Rare
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens Present Native Rare
yellow-bellied flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris Probably Present Native - -
yellow-throated vireo Vireo flavifrons Present Native Uncommon
yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Present Native Occasional

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Black Rat Snake Elaphe obsoleta obsoleta Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
common snapping turtle Chelydra serpentina Present Native Uncommon
Central Painted Turtle, Eastern Painted Turtle, Midland Painted Turtle, Painted Turtle Chrysemys picta Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern hognose snake Heterodon platirhinos Present Unknown Occasional
Eastern Milk Snake Lampropeltis triangulum triangulum Probably Present Native - -
Eastern garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Box Turtle Terrapene carolina carolina Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern black racer Coluber constrictor constrictor Present Native Occasional
Northern Ringneck Snake Diadophis punctatus edwardsii Present Native Occasional
Northern Water Snake Nerodia sipedon sipedon Present Native Rare
northern fence lizard Sceloporus undulatus hyacinthinus Unconfirmed Native - -
northern copperhead Agkistrodon contortrix mokasen Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
wood turtle Glyptemys insculpta Probably Present Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bullfrog Rana catesbeiana Present Unknown Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Cope's gray treefrog Hyla chrysoscelis Present Native Occasional
Common Frog, Leopard Frog, Meadow Frog, Northern Leopard Frog Rana pipiens Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern American Toad Bufo americanus americanus Present Native Common
Eastern Red-backed Salamander, Northern Redback Salamander, Red-backed Salamander Plethodon cinereus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
FROG, GREEN Rana clamitans melanota Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Gray Treefrog, Rain Toad, Tree Toad Hyla versicolor Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Jefferson salamander Ambystoma jeffersonianum Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
marbled salamander Ambystoma opacum Probably Present Native - -
mountain dusky salamander Desmognathus ochrophaeus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Northern Spring Peeper Pseudacris crucifer crucifer Present Native Common
Northern Dusky Salamander Desmognathus fuscus fuscus Present Native Uncommon
Northern Two-lined Salamander, Two-lined Salamander Eurycea bislineata Present Native Rare
northern spring salamander Gyrinophilus porphyriticus porphyriticus Present Native Occasional
northern slimy salamander Plethodon glutinosus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pickerel frog Rana palustris Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ravine Salamander, Southern Ravine Salamander Plethodon richmondi Unconfirmed Native - -
red-spotted newt Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
spotted salamander Ambystoma maculatum Probably Present Native - -
SEAL SALAMANDER Desmognathus monticola Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
TOAD, FOWLER'S Bufo woodhousii fowleri Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
wood frog Rana sylvatica Present Native Uncommon
Wehrle's Salamander Plethodon wehrlei Unconfirmed Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
creek chub Semotilus atromaculatus Present Native Abundant

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American water plantain, southern water plantain, waterplaintain Alisma subcordatum Probably Present Native - -
arrowhead Sagittaria - - - - - -
annual ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia Present Native Unknown
aster Aster - - - - - -
aromatic aster Symphyotrichum oblongifolium Unconfirmed Native - -
American bellflower Campanulastrum americanum Present Native Uncommon
American pokeweed, common pokeweed, inkberry, pigeonberry, poke, pokeberry, pokeweed Phytolacca americana Present Native Uncommon
Asiatic dayflower Commelina communis Present Non-native Uncommon
American bladdernut Staphylea trifolia Present Native Uncommon
arrowwood, arrow-wood viburnum, southern arrowwood Viburnum dentatum - - - - - -
arrow-wood Viburnum recognitum Present Native Uncommon
azaleas, rhododendron Rhododendron - - - - - -
American hogpeanut Amphicarpaea bracteata Present Native Uncommon
Alsike, Alsatian Clover Trifolium hybridum Present Non-native Unknown
American hornbeam Carpinus caroliniana Present Native Uncommon
American hazelnut Corylus americana Probably Present Native - -
American chestnut Castanea dentata Present Native Rare
American beech Fagus grandifolia Present Native Common
azure bluet Houstonia caerulea Present Native Unknown
American Germander Teucrium canadense - - - - - -
ash Fraxinus - - - - - -
American squawroot Conopholis americana Present Native Uncommon
Allegheny monkey-flower Mimulus ringens Probably Present Native - -
American basswood Tilia americana Present Native Common
adderstongue, adder's-tongue Ophioglossum - - - - - -
Adder's Tongue Ophioglossum pusillum - - - - - -
Awl Sedge Carex stipata Unconfirmed Native - -
awned flat sedge, bearded flatsedge, bearded nutgrass Cyperus squarrosus Present Native Uncommon
American Great Bulrush Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani Present Native Uncommon
awnless brome, smooth brome Bromus inermis Present Non-native Uncommon
American sycamore Platanus occidentalis Present Native Common
American Barberry, Canadian or Allegheny Barberry Berberis canadensis Not In Park Native - -
- - Actaea racemosa - - - - - -
autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata Present Non-native Uncommon
Alder Buckthorn Frangula alnus Present Non-native Uncommon
agrimony Agrimonia - - - - - -
Agrimony Agrimonia gryposepala Present Native Unknown
Avens Geum canadense Present Native Common
apple Malus - - - - - -
American elm Ulmus americana Present Native Common
alum-root Heuchera americana Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Black Snakeroot, Sanicle Sanicula marilandica Unconfirmed Native - -
blueeyed grass, blue-eyed grass Sisyrinchium - - - - - -
brown widelip orchid Liparis liliifolia Present Native Unknown
beggartick, beggarticks, devil's sticktight, Spanish needles Bidens - - - - - -
bull thistle Cirsium vulgare Present Non-native Unknown
blue mistflower Conoclinium coelestinum Present Native Uncommon
bigleaf aster Eurybia macrophylla Present Native Unknown
Boott's Rattlesnake Root, Boott's Rattlesnake-Root Prenanthes boottii Not In Park Non-native - -
blackeyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta Present Native Unknown
Black-eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima Unconfirmed Native - -
browneyed Susan Rudbeckia triloba Present Native Unknown
blowball, common dandelion, dandelion, faceclock Taraxacum officinale Present Non-native Common
beggarslice Hackelia virginiana Present Native Unknown
bluntleaf waterleaf Hydrophyllum canadense Present Native Unknown
big chickweed Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare Present Non-native Unknown
bouncingbet Saponaria officinalis Present Non-native Unknown
Bladder Campion Silene vulgaris Present Non-native Unknown
Bog Chickweed Stellaria alsine Unconfirmed Non-native - -
bristled knotweed Polygonum caespitosum Present Non-native Uncommon
bristle dock, golden dock Rumex maritimus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
bitter doc Rumex obtusifolius Present Non-native Uncommon
blackgum Nyssa sylvatica Present Native Uncommon
BUR CUCUMBER, oneseed burr cucumber Sicyos angulatus Present Native Uncommon
blackhaw Viburnum prunifolium Present Native Unknown
Bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Not In Park Unknown - -
Black Huckleberry Gaylussacia baccata Present Native Uncommon
blueberries, blueberry, huckleberry Vaccinium - - - - - -
Blue Ridge blueberry Vaccinium pallidum Present Native Unknown
Birdsfoot Trefoil Lotus corniculatus Present Non-native Unknown
black locust Robinia pseudoacacia Present Unknown Common
birch Betula - - - - - -
black birch, sweet birch Betula lenta Present Native Unknown
black oak Quercus velutina Present Native Common
bitternut hickory Carya cordiformis Present Native Uncommon
butternut Juglans cinerea Unconfirmed Native - -
black walnut Juglans nigra Present Native Uncommon
bedstraw Galium tinctorium - - - - - -
beechdrops Epifagus virginiana Present Native Common
Butter-and-eggs Linaria vulgaris Probably Present Non-native - -
Blue Vervain Verbena hastata Present Native Uncommon
bristly greenbrier Smilax tamnoides Present Native Uncommon
black willow Salix nigra Present Native Unknown
Bailey's Sedge Carex baileyi Unconfirmed Native - -
Bush's Sedge Carex bushii - - - - - -
broad looseflower sedge Carex laxiflora Present Native Unknown
broad-leaf sedge Carex platyphylla Present Native Common
bulrush, bulrushes Scirpus - - - - - -
bentgrass Agrostis - - - - - -
broom-sedge Andropogon virginicus Present Native Uncommon
bearded shorthusk Brachyelytrum erectum Probably Present Native - -
broadleaf cattail Typha latifolia Present Native Uncommon
bracken fern Pteridium aquilinum Present Native Uncommon
broad beechfern Phegopteris hexagonoptera Probably Present Native - -
bluntlobe cliff fern Woodsia obtusa Unconfirmed Native - -
blue cohosh Caulophyllum thalictroides Probably Present Native - -
bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis Present Native Uncommon
black bugbane Actaea racemosa var. racemosa Present Native Common
bristly buttercup Ranunculus hispidus - - - - - -
blisterwort Ranunculus recurvatus Probably Present Native - -
Black Chokeberry Photinia melanocarpa Unconfirmed Native - -
Black Cherry Prunus serotina Present Native Common
blackberry, brambles Rubus - - - - - -
bristly dewberry Rubus hispidus Present Native Common
black raspberry Rubus occidentalis Present Native Common
boxelder Acer negundo Present Native Common
buckeye, Ohio buckeye, Texas buckeye Aesculus glabra Present Native Uncommon
bindweed, field bindweed Convolvulus - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Arrrowhead Sagittaria latifolia Present Native Uncommon
Canadian honewort Cryptotaenia canadensis Present Native Unknown
Clayton's sweetroot Osmorhiza claytonii Present Native Unknown
Canadian blacksnakeroot Sanicula canadensis Present Native Unknown
Common Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium angustifolium Present Native Uncommon
common yarrow Achillea millefolium Present Unknown Unknown
Common Burdock Arctium minus Present Non-native Uncommon
crowned beggarticks Bidens coronata Unconfirmed Native - -
Chicory Cichorium intybus Present Non-native Unknown
Canada Thistle Cirsium arvense Present Non-native Unknown
common boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum Present Native Unknown
cutleaf coneflower Rudbeckia laciniata Present Native Uncommon
Canada Goldenrod Solidago canadensis Present Native Unknown
common blue wood aster Symphyotrichum cordifolium Probably Present Native - -
calico aster Symphyotrichum lateriflorum - - - - - -
calico aster Symphyotrichum lateriflorum var. lateriflorum Present Native Unknown
Coltsfoot Tussilago farfara Present Non-native Unknown
Canada cocklebur, Canada cockleburr, cocklebur, common cocklebur, rough cocklebur, rough cockleburr Xanthium strumarium var. canadense Probably Present Native - -
Creeping Bellfloweer Campanula rapunculoides Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Cardinal Flower Lobelia cardinalis Present Native Uncommon
cutleaf toothwort Cardamine concatenata Present Native Common
cuckoo flower Cardamine pratensis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
chickweed, mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium - - - - - -
common mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium fontanum - - - - - -
common chickweed Stellaria media Present Non-native Unknown
Carolina spring-beauty Claytonia caroliniana Present Native Common
colored smartweed, devil's shoestring, longroot smartweed, swamp smartweed, tanweed Polygonum amphibium var. emersum Probably Present Native - -
climbing false-buckwheat Polygonum scandens Probably Present Native - -
common sheep sorrel Rumex acetosella Present Non-native Unknown
Curly dock Rumex crispus Present Non-native Unknown
common elderberry Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis Present Native Uncommon
creeping phlox Phlox stolonifera - - - - - -
Chinese lespedeza Lespedeza cuneata Present Non-native Uncommon
crown-vetch Securigera varia Present Non-native Unknown
clover Trifolium - - - - - -
chinkapin oak Quercus muehlenbergii Present Native Uncommon
chestnut oak Quercus prinus Present Native Common
caryer, hickory Carya - - - - - -
Common Milkweed Asclepias syriaca Present Native Uncommon
common periwinkle Vinca minor Present Non-native Unknown
common buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Present Native Uncommon
- - Catalpa - - - - - -
common selfheal Prunella vulgaris Present Non-native Unknown
clustered mountainmint Pycnanthemum muticum Present Native Unknown
Common Lilac Syringa vulgaris Probably Present Non-native - -
Common Plantain Plantago major Probably Present Unknown - -
Common Speedwell Veronica officinalis Present Non-native Uncommon
Culver's Root Veronicastrum virginicum Probably Present Native - -
Common Mullein Verbascum thapsus Present Non-native Unknown
catbrier, common greenbriar, greenbriar, greenbrier, sarsaparilla Smilax - - - - - -
cat greenbrier Smilax glauca Present Native Uncommon
cucumber-tree Magnolia acuminata Present Native Uncommon
Common St. Johnswort Hypericum perforatum Present Non-native Unknown
Canadian white violet Viola canadensis Present Native Common
common blue violet Viola sororia Present Native Uncommon
common evening primrose Oenothera biennis Unconfirmed Native - -
cutleaf grapefern Botrychium dissectum Present Native Uncommon
Cinnamon Fern Osmunda cinnamomea Present Native Uncommon
common yellow oxalis Oxalis stricta Present Native Uncommon
Colorado blue spruce Picea pungens Present Non-native Unknown
Canadian wildginger Asarum canadense Present Native Uncommon
carex, sedge, sedge species, sedges Carex - - - - - -
common fox sedge Carex vulpinoidea - - - - - -
common rush Juncus effusus Present Native Uncommon
common woodrush Luzula multiflora Present Native Uncommon
cypress panicgrass Dichanthelium dichotomum - - - - - -
cutgrass Leersia - - - - - -
Common Darnel, Perennial Ryegrass Lolium perenne Present Non-native Unknown
Canada bluegrass Poa compressa Present Non-native Unknown
Christmas Fern Polystichum acrostichoides Present Native Common
clematis, leather flower Clematis - - - - - -
common hackberry Celtis occidentalis Present Native Uncommon
Common Hop Humulus lupulus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Common Buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica Probably Present Non-native - -
Common Shadbush Amelanchier arborea Present Native Unknown
cinquefoil Potentilla - - - - - -
common cinquefoil Potentilla simplex Present Native Unknown
chokecherry, plum Prunus - - - - - -
Common pear Pyrus communis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Common Blackberry Rubus allegheniensis Present Native Uncommon
Canadian woodnettle Laportea canadensis - - - - - -
Canadian clearweed Pilea pumila Present Native Common
currant Ribes - - - - - -
creeping jenny, European bindweed, field bindweed, perennial morningglory, smallflowered morningglory Convolvulus arvensis - - - - - -
Common Dodder, Love Vine Cuscuta gronovii Probably Present Native - -
clammy ground-cherry Physalis heterophylla Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
devil's walkingstick Aralia spinosa Present Native Uncommon
daffodil Narcissus pseudonarcissus Probably Present Non-native - -
downy rattlesnake plantain Goodyera pubescens Present Native Rare
daisy, fleabane Erigeron - - - - - -
Dame's Rocket Hesperis matronalis Present Non-native Unknown
Deptford pink Dianthus armeria Present Non-native Unknown
dotted smartweed Polygonum punctatum - - - - - -
deerberry Vaccinium stamineum Present Native Unknown
dogbane Apocynum - - - - - -
downy pagoda-plant Blephilia ciliata Probably Present Native - -
dwarf St. Johnswort Hypericum mutilum Present Native Unknown
downy yellow violet Viola pubescens Present Native Unknown
Douglas spruce, Douglas-fir, Oregon pine, red fir Pseudotsuga menziesii Probably Present Non-native - -
deertongue Dichanthelium clandestinum Present Native Unknown
dutchman's breeches Dicentra cucullaria Unconfirmed Native - -
devil's darning needles Clematis virginiana Present Native Uncommon
dwarf larkspur Delphinium tricorne Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern camas Camassia scilloides Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium atlanticum Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern daisy fleabane Erigeron annuus Probably Present Native - -
early goldenrod Solidago juncea - - - - - -
eastern redcedar Juniperus virginiana Present Native Uncommon
eastern redbud Cercis canadensis Present Native Uncommon
Eyebane, Upright Spotted Spurge Chamaesyce maculata Present Native Uncommon
eastern greenviolet Hybanthus concolor Present Native Uncommon
enchanter's-nightshade Circaea lutetiana Present Native Uncommon
eastern white pine Pinus strobus Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Hemlock Tsuga canadensis Present Native Uncommon
eastern woodland sedge Carex blanda Present Native Unknown
Eastern Star Sedge Carex radiata - - - - - -
eastern bottlebrush grass Elymus hystrix var. hystrix Present Native Uncommon
ebony spleenwort Asplenium platyneuron Present Native Uncommon
Evergreen Wood Fern Dryopteris intermedia Present Native Common
early woodbuttercup Ranunculus abortivus Present Native Uncommon
European crab apple, European crabapple Malus sylvestris Not In Park Non-native - -
elm Ulmus - - - - - -
eastern poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans Present Native Common
early saxifrage Saxifraga virginiensis Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
flowering-rush Butomus umbellatus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
False Solomon's Seal Maianthemum racemosum - - - - - -
feathery false lily of the vally Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum Present Native Uncommon
Field Hawkweed, King Devil Hieracium caespitosum Present Non-native Unknown
Field Mustard, Rape Brassica rapa Probably Present Non-native - -
falsemermaid Floerkea proserpinacoides Present Native Abundant
flowering dogwood Cornus florida Present Native Uncommon
fourleaf yam Dioscorea quaternata Present Native Uncommon
Fuller's teasel Dipsacus fullonum Probably Present Non-native - -
field horsetail Equisetum arvense Present Native Uncommon
Fringed Loosestrife Lysimachia ciliata Present Native Uncommon
fragrant bedstraw Galium triflorum Present Native Uncommon
Forsythia Forsythia - - - - - -
Flat-branch Groundpine Lycopodium obscurum Probably Present Native - -
flowering spurge Euphorbia corollata Unconfirmed Native - -
Fibrous-rooted Sedge Carex communis Present Native Uncommon
fuzzy wuzzy sedge Carex hirsutella - - - - - -
field rush Juncus tenuis Present Native Uncommon
fowl mannagrass Glyceria striata - - - - - -
fescue Schedonorus phoenix Present Non-native Unknown
fescue Schedonorus phoenix Present Non-native Unknown
Fresh-water Cord Grass Spartina pectinata Present Native Rare
fanleaf hawthorn Crataegus flabellata Present Native Unknown
frost grape Vitis vulpina Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Giant snowdrop Galanthus nivalis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Great Ragweed Ambrosia trifida Present Native Unknown
Grass-leaved Goldenrod Euthamia graminifolia Present Native Unknown
Grass-leaved Goldenrod Euthamia graminifolia var. nuttallii Probably Present Native - -
golden ragwort Packera aurea Present Native Common
goldenrod Solidago - - - - - -
giant goldenrod Solidago gigantea - - - - - -
great blue lobelia Lobelia siphilitica Present Native Unknown
great waterleaf Hydrophyllum appendiculatum Probably Present Native - -
Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolata Present Non-native Common
Groundnut, Wild Bean Apios americana Present Native Uncommon
ground ivy Glechoma hederacea Present Non-native Unknown
groundcedar Lycopodium complanatum Not In Park Non-native - -
great yellow wood-sorrel Oxalis grandis Present Native Unknown
grass Gramineae - - - - - -
grape Vitis - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
harbinger of spring Erigenia bulbosa Present Native Common
hairy Solomon's seal Polygonatum pubescens Present Native Uncommon
Hooker's Orchis Platanthera hookeri Unconfirmed Native - -
hawkweed Hieracium - - - - - -
hairy white oldfield aster Symphyotrichum pilosum var. pilosum Probably Present Native - -
hairy bittercress Cardamine hirsuta - - - - - -
hydrangea Hydrangea - - - - - -
honeysuckle Lonicera - - - - - -
hoary ticktrefoil Desmodium canescens Unconfirmed Native - -
honeylocust Gleditsia triacanthos Present Native Uncommon
hairy lespedeza Lespedeza hirta Unconfirmed Native - -
Hop Clover, Yellow clover Trifolium aureum Present Non-native Unknown
hophornbeam Ostrya virginiana Present Native Unknown
horehound, white horehound Marrubium vulgare Unconfirmed Non-native - -
hoary mountainmint Pycnanthemum incanum Present Native Unknown
Huachuca skullcap, skullcap Scutellaria - - - - - -
hoary skullcap Scutellaria incana Probably Present Native - -
heartleaf hedgenettle Stachys cordata Unconfirmed Native - -
halberd-leaved yellow violet Viola hastata Present Native Unknown
hairy wood brome grass Bromus pubescens - - - - - -
hotsprings panicum, hotsprings rosette grass, tapered rosette grass Dichanthelium acuminatum - - - - - -
hairy crabgrass Digitaria sanguinalis Present Non-native Uncommon
Hay-scented Fern Dennstaedtia punctilobula Present Unknown Unknown
harvestlice Agrimonia parviflora Present Native Unknown
hawthorns Crataegus - - - - - -
heartleaf foamflower Tiarella cordifolia Present Native Uncommon
hedge false bindweed Calystegia sepium Present Unknown Uncommon
horse-nettle Solanum carolinense Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
ironweed Vernonia gigantea var. gigantea Present Native Unknown
Indian-tobacco Lobelia inflata Present Native Common
Indian pipe Monotropa uniflora Present Native Uncommon
Indian cucumber Medeola virginiana Present Native Unknown
Interrupted Fern Osmunda claytoniana Present Native Uncommon
Indian woodoats Chasmanthium latifolium Present Native Uncommon
Indian strawberry Duchesnea indica - - - - - -
Ivy-leaved morning glory Ipomoea hederacea Unconfirmed Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Jack in the pulpit Arisaema triphyllum Present Native Uncommon
Jack-in-the-pulpit Arisaema triphyllum ssp. stewardsonii Present Native Uncommon
Jack in the pulpit Arisaema triphyllum ssp. triphyllum Unconfirmed Native - -
Joe-Pye-weed Eupatoriadelphus fistulosus Present Native Unknown
Jerusalem Artichoke Helianthus tuberosus Present Non-native Unknown
Japanese knotweed Polygonum cuspidatum Present Non-native Unknown
jumpseed Polygonum virginianum Present Native Common
Japanese honeysuckle Lonicera japonica Present Non-native Unknown
jewelweed Impatiens capensis Present Native Common
Japanese bristlegrass Setaria faberi Present Non-native Unknown
Japanese barberry Berberis thunbergii Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
knotweed, smartweed species Polygonum - - - - - -
Kentucky bluegrass Poa pratensis Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Large Water Plantain Alisma triviale Not In Park Native - -
longstyle sweetroot Osmorhiza longistylis Probably Present Native - -
large-fruited sanicle Sanicula trifoliata Present Native Unknown
long-stalked holly Ilex collina Unconfirmed Unknown - -
lettuce Lactuca - - - - - -
late goldenrod Solidago altissima Present Native Unknown
- - Lobelia - - - - - -
Lamb's Quarters, Pigweed Chenopodium album Probably Present Unknown - -
Lesser Stitchwort Stellaria graminea Present Non-native Unknown
lady's-thumb Polygonum persicaria Present Non-native Uncommon
largeflower valerian Valeriana pauciflora Present Native Common
Lewiston cornsalad Valerianella locusta Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Large Cranberry Vaccinium macrocarpon Unconfirmed Native - -
Large-bracted tick-trefoil Desmodium cuspidatum Unconfirmed Native - -
licorice bedstraw Galium circaezans Present Native Common
lanceleaf wild licorice Galium lanceolatum Present Native Uncommon
large-flowered trillium Trillium grandiflorum Probably Present Native - -
Large-toothed Aspen, Popple Populus grandidentata Present Native Uncommon
Leatherleaf Grapefern Botrychium multifidum Unconfirmed Native - -
larch Larix - - - - - -
leafy bulrush Scirpus polyphyllus - - - - - -
lady fern Athyrium filix-femina Present Native Uncommon
lowland bladderfern Cystopteris protrusa Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mountain winterberry Ilex montana Unconfirmed Native - -
meadow garlic Allium canadense Probably Present Native - -
mountain watercress Cardamine rotundifolia Present Native Uncommon
mapleleaf viburnum Viburnum acerifolium Present Native Unknown
Morrow's Honeysuckle Lonicera morrowii Present Non-native Unknown
Mountain Laurel Kalmia latifolia Present Native Uncommon
Moneywort Lysimachia nummularia Present Non-native Uncommon
mockernut hickory Carya alba Probably Present Native - -
Motherwort Leonurus cardiaca Present Non-native Unknown
mint Mentha - - - - - -
Mad-dog Skullcap Scutellaria lateriflora Probably Present Native - -
Moth Mullein Verbascum blattaria Probably Present Non-native - -
Marsh Blue Violet Viola cucullata Present Native Common
Meadow Beauty, Deergrass Rhexia virginica Probably Present Native - -
meadow fescue Festuca elatior - - - - - -
milletgrass Milium effusum Present Native Unknown
Muhly grass Muhlenbergia - - - - - -
meadow fescue Schedonorus pratensis Present Non-native Unknown
meadow fescue Schedonorus pratensis Present Non-native Unknown
Marginal Shield Fern Dryopteris marginalis - - - - - -
mayapple Podophyllum peltatum Present Native Common
Marsh Marigold, Cowslip Caltha palustris Present Native Uncommon
mulberry Morus - - - - - -
multiflora rose Rosa multiflora Present Non-native Common
maples Acer - - - - - -
man of the earth Ipomoea pandurata Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
nodding onion Allium cernuum Unconfirmed Native - -
nodding ladies'-tresses Spiranthes cernua Present Native Rare
New England aster Symphyotrichum novae-angliae Probably Present Native - -
New York ironweed Vernonia noveboracensis Present Native Uncommon
Northern Red Oak Quercus rubra Present Native Common
northern catalpa Catalpa speciosa Present Non-native Unknown
Northern Bugleweed Lycopus uniflorus Present Native Uncommon
narrowleaf mountainmint Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Present Native Unknown
narrowleaf plantain Plantago lanceolata Present Non-native Uncommon
northern spicebush Lindera benzoin Present Native Common
Norway Spruce Picea abies Present Non-native Uncommon
Nerveless Woodland Sedge Carex leptonervia - - - - - -
nodding fescue Festuca subverticillata - - - - - -
Nepalese browntop Microstegium vimineum Present Non-native Abundant
New York fern Thelypteris noveboracensis Present Native Common
northern dewberry Rubus flagellaris Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
onion, wild onion Allium - - - - - -
orange daylily Hemerocallis fulva Probably Present Non-native - -
oxeye daisy Leucanthemum vulgare Present Non-native Unknown
oak Quercus - - - - - -
One-flowered Cancerroot Orobanche uniflora Probably Present Native - -
Orchard Grass Dactylis glomerata Present Non-native Unknown
ostrich fern Matteuccia struthiopteris - - - - - -
osage orange Maclura pomifera Probably Present Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pearly Everlasting Anaphalis margaritacea Present Non-native Unknown
Pussytoes Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax Unconfirmed Native - -
pale Indian plaintain Arnoglossum atriplicifolium Probably Present Native - -
Pilewort Erechtites hieraciifolia - - - - - -
Philadelphia fleabane Erigeron philadelphicus Probably Present Native - -
prairie fleabane Erigeron strigosus Present Native Unknown
paleleaf woodland sunflower Helianthus strumosus Probably Present Native - -
purplestem aster Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum Present Native Unknown
palespike lobelia Lobelia spicata Present Native Unknown
Pennsylvania Bitter Cress Cardamine pensylvanica Unconfirmed Native - -
Purslane Portulaca oleracea Probably Present Unknown - -
Pagoda Dogwood Cornus alternifolia Present Native Uncommon
pale touch-me-not Impatiens pallida Present Native Common
perennial or garden phlox Phlox paniculata Present Native Uncommon
perplexed ticktrefoil Desmodium perplexum Unconfirmed Native - -
prostrate ticktrefoil Desmodium rotundifolium Present Native Unknown
pin oak Quercus palustris Present Native Unknown
pignut hickory Carya glabra Present Native Uncommon
Partridgeberry Mitchella repens Present Native Unknown
purple dead-nettle Lamium purpureum Present Non-native Unknown
Peppermint Mentha X piperita Probably Present Non-native - -
privet Ligustrum - - - - - -
paleseed Indianwheat, Virginia plantain Plantago virginica - - - - - -
pawpaw Asimina triloba Present Native Common
Purple-leaved Willow Herb Epilobium coloratum Probably Present Native - -
pine Pinus - - - - - -
Pitch Pine Pinus rigida Probably Present Native - -
Pennsylvania sedge Carex pensylvanica Present Native Uncommon
Pointed Broom Sedge Carex scoparia Present Native Unknown
panicgrass, panicum Panicum - - - - - -
panicum Panicum verrucosum Present Native Uncommon
paradise apple Malus pumila Present Non-native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Queen Anne's lace Daucus carota Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
robin's plantain Erigeron pulchellus Not In Park Native - -
roundleaf ragwort Packera obovata Present Native Uncommon
rattlesnakeroot Prenanthes - - - - - -
Rattlesnake root Prenanthes alba Present Native Unknown
Rough-stemmed Goldenrod Solidago rugosa Present Native Common
red elderberry Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa Present Native Uncommon
rosebay Rhododendron maximum Present Native Common
red clover Trifolium pratense Present Non-native Unknown
Rough Bedstraw Galium asprellum Present Native Uncommon
richweed Collinsonia canadensis Present Native Uncommon
roundleaf greenbrier Smilax rotundifolia Present Native Common
round-leaved violet Viola rotundifolia Present Native Unknown
ROSE OF SHARON Hibiscus syriacus Probably Present Non-native - -
rattlesnake fern Botrychium virginianum Present Native Uncommon
royal fern Osmunda regalis Probably Present Native - -
Red Spruce Picea rubens Probably Present Native - -
Red Pine Pinus resinosa Present Non-native Unknown
rosy sedge Carex rosea Present Native Unknown
Rough Sedge Carex scabrata Unconfirmed Native - -
Rhode Island Bent Agrostis capillaris Present Non-native Unknown
Redtop Agrostis gigantea Present Non-native Unknown
Redtop Agrostis stolonifera Present Non-native Unknown
rough barnyard grass Echinochloa muricata Unconfirmed Native - -
riverbank wild-rye Elymus riparius Present Native Unknown
Rice Cutgrass Leersia oryzoides Present Native Uncommon
reed canary grass Phalaris arundinacea Present Non-native Unknown
rough bluegrass Poa trivialis - - - - - -
Rock Polypody Polypodium virginianum Present Native Unknown
round-leaved hepatica Hepatica nobilis var. obtusa Probably Present Native - -
rue anemone Thalictrum thalictroides Present Native Common
rough avens Geum laciniatum Unconfirmed Native - -
Rose Rosa - - - - - -
red maple Acer rubrum Present Native Common
river-bank grape Vitis riparia Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Skunk Cabbage Symplocarpus foetidus Present Native Uncommon
spreading chervil Chaerophyllum procumbens Present Native Common
stiff cowbane Oxypolis rigidior Unconfirmed Native - -
sanicle Sanicula - - - - - -
Solomon's-seal Polygonatum biflorum Present Native Uncommon
showy orchid Galearis spectabilis - - - - - -
Spanish needles Bidens bipinnata Probably Present Native - -
spotted Joe-Pye-weed Eupatoriadelphus maculatus var. maculatus - - - - - -
Schreber's aster Eurybia schreberi Present Native Unknown
shaggy-soldier Galinsoga quadriradiata Present Non-native Unknown
- - Solidago rugosa var. aspera Probably Present Native - -
Small White Aster Symphyotrichum racemosum Unconfirmed Native - -
Short's aster Symphyotrichum shortii Present Native Uncommon
smooth rockcress Arabis laevigata Present Native Uncommon
smallflowered bittercress Cardamine parviflora Unconfirmed Native - -
sticky chickweed Cerastium glomeratum Not In Park Non-native - -
smooth forked nailwort Paronychia canadensis Present Native Uncommon
starwort Stellaria - - - - - -
star chickweed Stellaria pubera Present Native Uncommon
swamp smartweed Polygonum hydropiperoides Present Native Unknown
striped prince's pine Chimaphila maculata Present Native Uncommon
Sourwood Oxydendrum arboreum Probably Present Native - -
smooth alder Alnus serrulata Probably Present Native - -
swamp white oak Quercus bicolor Unconfirmed Native - -
scarlet oak Quercus coccinea Present Native Uncommon
shingle oak Quercus imbricaria Present Native Uncommon
Sweet pignut hickory Carya ovalis Present Native Uncommon
shagbark hickory Carya ovata Present Native Uncommon
Spreading Dogbane Apocynum androsaemifolium Present Native Uncommon
swamp milkweed Asclepias incarnata Present Native Uncommon
stickywilly Galium aparine Present Native Common
spotted geranium Geranium maculatum Present Native Common
Selfheal Prunella vulgaris ssp. lanceolata Unconfirmed Native - -
speedwell Veronica - - - - - -
sassafras Sassafras albidum Present Native Common
Star-of-Bethlehem Ornithogalum umbellatum Present Non-native Unknown
Shining Clubmoss Huperzia lucidula Probably Present Native - -
saucer magnolia Magnolia X soulangiana Unconfirmed Non-native - -
spotted St. Johnswort Hypericum punctatum Present Native Uncommon
Sweet White Violet Viola blanda Unconfirmed Native - -
striped cream violet Viola striata Present Native Unknown
seedbox Ludwigia alternifolia Probably Present Native - -
Small Sundrops Oenothera perennis Present Native Unknown
Scotch Pine Pinus sylvestris Present Non-native Unknown
sedge Carex appalachica Present Native Unknown
sedge Carex crinita Present Native Unknown
Sickle-grass Carex crinita var. crinita - - - - - -
sedge Carex digitalis Present Native Unknown
spreading sedge Carex laxiculmis - - - - - -
Sallow Sedge Carex lurida Present Native Uncommon
sedge Carex swanii Present Native Uncommon
sedges Cyperaceae - - - - - -
slender flatsedge Cyperus bipartitus Present Native Uncommon
straw-colored nutsedge Cyperus strigosus Present Native Uncommon
Sweet Vernal Grass Anthoxanthum odoratum Present Non-native Unknown
stout woodreed Cinna arundinacea - - - - - -
Slender Wood Reed Cinna latifolia Present Native Unknown
smooth paspalum Paspalum laeve Present Native Unknown
spinulose wood fern Dryopteris carthusiana Present Native Uncommon
Sensitive Fern, Beadfern Onoclea sensibilis Present Native Uncommon
silver false spleenwort Deparia acrostichoides - - - - - -
squirrel corn Dicentra canadensis Present Native Common
southern blue monkshood Aconitum uncinatum Present Native Rare
sharplobe hepatica Hepatica nobilis var. acuta Present Native Uncommon
sugarberry Celtis laevigata Unconfirmed Unknown - -
serviceberry Amelanchier - - - - - -
sweet crabapple Malus coronaria Unconfirmed Native - -
sweet cherry Prunus avium Unconfirmed Non-native - -
slippery elm Ulmus rubra Present Native Uncommon
smallspike false nettle Boehmeria cylindrica Present Native Uncommon
Stinging Nettle Urtica dioica Present Unknown Uncommon
staghorn sumac Rhus typhina Present Native Common
sugar maple Acer nigrum Present Native Uncommon
silver maple Acer saccharinum Present Native Common
sugar maple Acer saccharum Present Native Abundant
sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua Present Non-native Unknown
SMALL-FLOWERED MORNING-GLORY Ipomoea lacunosa Present Native Unknown
summer grape Vitis aestivalis Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
thistle Cirsium - - - - - -
thinleaf sunflower Helianthus decapetalus Probably Present Native - -
Tall Blue Lettuce Lactuca biennis Probably Present Native - -
two-leaved toothwort Cardamine diphylla Present Native Common
thymeleaf sandwort Arenaria serpyllifolia Unconfirmed Non-native - -
tearthumb Polygonum sagittatum Present Native Uncommon
touch-me-not Impatiens - - - - - -
Trailing Arbutus, Mayflower Epigaea repens Probably Present Native - -
tick trefoil, tickclover, ticktrefoil Desmodium - - - - - -
thicket bean Phaseolus polystachios Unconfirmed Native - -
trumpet creeper Campsis radicans Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Turtlehead Chelone glabra Present Native Uncommon
Thyme-leaved Speedwell Veronica serpyllifolia Probably Present Non-native - -
Trout Lily, Dogtooth Violet Erythronium americanum Present Native Common
trillium Trillium - - - - - -
toadshade Trillium sessile Present Native Uncommon
tuliptree Liriodendron tulipifera Present Native Common
toothed spurge, toothedleaf poinsettia Euphorbia dentata var. dentata Unconfirmed Native - -
Ticklegrass Agrostis hyemalis - - - - - -
Teal lovegrass Eragrostis hypnoides Present Native Common
tall fescue Festuca arundinacea - - - - - -
tall fescue Lolium arundinaceum - - - - - -
timothy Phleum pratense Present Non-native Unknown
Tall Buttercup Ranunculus acris Present Non-native Unknown
Tall Meadow Rue Thalictrum pubescens Probably Present Native - -
tree-of-heaven Ailanthus altissima Present Non-native Uncommon
twoleaf miterwort Mitella diphylla Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Upland Brittle Fern Cystopteris fragilis Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Virginia waterleaf Hydrophyllum virginianum Present Native Unknown
Virginia springbeauty Claytonia virginica Present Native Common
viburnum Viburnum - - - - - -
violet lespedeza Lespedeza violacea Unconfirmed Native - -
Virginia Bulgleweed Lycopus virginicus Present Native Uncommon
vervain Verbena - - - - - -
violet Viola - - - - - -
velvetleaf Abutilon theophrasti Probably Present Non-native - -
velvetgrass Holcus lanatus Present Non-native Unknown
Virginia strawberry Fragaria virginiana Present Native Unknown
Virginia creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Water Hemlock Cicuta maculata Unconfirmed Native - -
Wild Parsnip Pastinaca sativa - - - - - -
Wild Sarsaparilla Aralia nudicaulis Probably Present Native - -
Water Pennywort Hydrocotyle americana Present Native Unknown
Winterberry, Black Alder Ilex verticillata Unconfirmed Native - -
Wild Lily-of-the-valley Maianthemum canadense Present Native Common
white snakeroot Ageratina altissima - - - - - -
white snakeroot Ageratina altissima var. altissima Present Native Abundant
white wood aster Eurybia divaricata Present Native Common
white goldenrod Solidago bicolor Present Native Uncommon
wreath goldenrod Solidago caesia Present Native Common
waxyleaf aster Symphyotrichum undulatum Unconfirmed Native - -
white arrowleaf aster Symphyotrichum urophyllum Unconfirmed Native - -
wingstem Verbesina alternifolia Present Native Common
Winter Cress, Yellow Rocket Barbarea vulgaris Present Non-native Unknown
White Campion, White Cockle Silene latifolia ssp. alba Unconfirmed Non-native - -
widowsfrill Silene stellata Probably Present Native - -
water knotweed, water smartweed Polygonum amphibium Unconfirmed Native - -
water-pepper Polygonum hydropiper Present Non-native Unknown
wild hydrangea Hydrangea arborescens Present Native Uncommon
wild yam Dioscorea villosa Probably Present Native - -
Wintergreen, Checkerberry Gaultheria procumbens Present Native Uncommon
wild blue phlox Phlox divaricata Present Native Uncommon
whorled yellow loosestrife Lysimachia quadrifolia Present Native Uncommon
white clover Trifolium repens Present Non-native Unknown
white oak