Gateway National Recreation Area Park

Rank: 7

Park Description

We are not just Sandy Hook. We are not just the Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge or Jacob Riis Park. We are not just Fort Tilden. We are not just Frank Charles Park or Hamilton Beach. We are not just Floyd Bennett Field or Canarsie Pier. We are not just Great Kills Park, or Fort Wadsworth, or Miller Field. We are one national park, we are Gateway.

Park Address

Gateway NRA, Public Affairs 210 New York Avenue

Staten Island, NY, 10305

Gateway National Recreation Area Park Activites











Species in Gateway National Recreation Area Park by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in Gateway National Recreation Area Park. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Amargosa vole, California vole Microtus californicus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Bottlenose Dolphin Tursiops truncatus Present Unknown Uncommon
black-tailed jack rabbit, Black-tailed Jackrabbit Lepus californicus Present Non-native Common
Black Rat Rattus rattus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
common gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Common Seal, Hair Seal, Harbor Seal Phoca vitulina Present Native Uncommon
Common Muskrat, Muskrat, Musquash, Water Rat Ondatra zibethicus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
domestic dog, feral dog Canis familiaris Present Non-native Unknown
domestic cat, house cat Felis silvestris Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Timber Wolf, Gray Wolf, Timber Wolf Canis lupus Not In Park Native - -
eastern red bat Lasiurus borealis Present Native Rare
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Present Non-native Common
eastern gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis Present Non-native Common
eastern chipmunk Tamias striatus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
fin whale Balaenoptera physalus Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Gray Seal Halichoerus grypus Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Harp Seal Phoca groenlandica Present Native Unknown
humpback whale Megaptera novaeangliae Present Unknown Unknown
harbor porpoise Phocoena phocoena Present Native Unknown
hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus Probably Present Native - -
Horse Equus caballus Not In Park Unknown - -
house mouse Mus musculus Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
little brown bat Myotis lucifugus Present Native Uncommon
least shrew Cryptotis parva Not In Park Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mink Mustela vison Not In Park Native - -
minke whale Balaenoptera acutorostrata Present Native Unknown
meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus Present Native Abundant
Masked Shrew Sorex cinereus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
New England cottontail Sylvilagus transitionalis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Norway rat Rattus norvegicus Present Non-native Common
northern short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pilot whale Globicephala melaena Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red fox Vulpes vulpes Present Native Occasional
Ringed seal Phoca hispida Present Unknown Unknown
raccoon Procyon lotor Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Sei Whale Balaenoptera borealis Present Native Unknown
sperm whale Physeter catodon Present Native Uncommon
silver-haired bat Lasionycteris noctivagans Present Native Unknown
Star-nosed Mole Condylura cristata Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Present Native Unknown
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Present Native Common
woodchuck Marmota monax Present Native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Golden Eagle, Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos Present Native Unknown
American Rough-legged Hawk, Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus Present Native Rare
American Pintail, Northern Pintail, Pintail Anas acuta Present Native Common
American Wigeon, Baldpate Anas americana Present Native Abundant
American Black Duck, Black Duck, Common Black Duck, Red-legged Black Duck Anas rubripes Present Native Abundant
American Brant, Brant Branta bernicla Present Native Abundant
American Golden-eye, Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula Present Native Common
American Common Scoter, American Scoter, Black Scoter, Butter-bill, Common Scoter Melanitta nigra Present Native Uncommon
American Merganser, Common Merganser Mergus merganser Present Native Occasional
American Eider, Common Eider, Eider Duck, Northern Eider Somateria mollissima Present Native Rare
American Golden Plover, American Golden-Plover, Eastern American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica Present Native Uncommon
American Oystercatcher, Eastern American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus Present Native Common
American Black Tern, Black Tern Chlidonias niger Present Native Rare
American Herring Gull, Herring Gull Larus argentatus Present Native Abundant
Atlantic Kittiwake, Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla Present Native Occasional
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea Present Native Unknown
American Avocet, Avocet Recurvirostra americana Present Native Rare
American Knot, Knot, Red Knot Calidris canutus Present Native Abundant
american woodcock Scolopax minor Present Native Uncommon
American Peregrine Falcon, Duck Hawk, Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Present Native Rare
American Gyrfalcon, Gyrfalcon, White Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus Present Native Occasional
american kestrel Falco sparverius Present Native Uncommon
American Coot, Northern American Coot Fulica americana Present Native Common
american crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Present Native Common
american tree sparrow Spizella arborea Present Native Abundant
american goldfinch Carduelis tristis Present Native Uncommon
American Pipit, American Water Pipit, Water Pipit Anthus rubescens Present Native Rare
american redstart Setophaga ruticilla Present Native Uncommon
american robin Turdus migratorius Present Native Common
alder flycatcher Empidonax alnorum Present Native Rare
acadian flycatcher Empidonax virescens Present Native Rare
Arkansas Kingbird, Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis Present Native Rare
American Egret, Common Egret?, Great Egret Ardea alba Present Native Common
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus Present Native Rare
American White Pelican, White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Present Native Unknown
American Long-eared Owl, Long-eared Owl Asio otus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
broad-winged hawk Buteo platypterus Present Native Rare
Bald Eagle, Northern Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Present Native Rare
black vulture Coragyps atratus Present Native Unknown
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Present Native Common
Bufflehead, Buffle-head Bucephala albeola Present Native Abundant
Blue Goose, Snow Goose Chen caerulescens Present Native Abundant
Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis Present Native Unknown
Black Guillemot, Sea Pigeon, Southern Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle Present Native Unknown
Brunnich's Murre, Brunnich's Thick-billed Murre, Thick-billed Murre Uria lomvia Present Native Unknown
Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola Present Native Uncommon
Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia Present Native Abundant
Black-headed Gull, Western Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus Present Native Occasional
Black Skimmer, Northern Black Skimmer Rynchops niger Present Native Abundant
Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus Present Native Occasional
Bartramian Sandpiper, Upland Plover, Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda Present Native Rare
Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii Present Native Rare
Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis Present Native Rare
Belted Kingfisher, Eastern Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Present Native Rare
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus Present Native Rare
Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis Present Native Occasional
Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea Present Native Rare
Brown Creeper Certhia americana Present Native Rare
blue jay Cyanocitta cristata Present Native Unknown
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Common
Bank Swallow, Common Bank Swallow Riparia riparia Present Native Rare
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus Present Native Common
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Present Native Unknown
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Native Uncommon
Boat-tailed Grackle Quiscalus major Present Native Rare
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Present Native Common
Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus Present Native Unknown
black-throated blue warbler Dendroica caerulescens Present Native Uncommon
bay-breasted warbler Dendroica castanea Present Native Uncommon
blackburnian warbler Dendroica fusca Present Native Rare
Black-throated Gray Warbler Dendroica nigrescens Present Native Unknown
blackpoll warbler Dendroica striata Present Native Uncommon
black-throated green warbler Dendroica virens Present Native Uncommon
black-and-white warbler Mniotilta varia Present Native Uncommon
blue-winged warbler Vermivora pinus Present Native Rare
blue-gray gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Present Native Uncommon
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius Present Native Rare
Black-crowned Night Heron, Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Present Native Common
Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis Present Native Unknown
Barn Owl, North American Barn Owl Tyto alba Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
cooper's hawk Accipiter cooperii Present Native Uncommon
Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera Present Native Unknown
Common Mallard, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Present Native Abundant
Common White-fronted Goose, Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons Present Native Unknown
Canvasback Aythya valisineria Present Native Common
Canada Goose, Eastern Canada Goose Branta canadensis Present Native Abundant
chimney swift Chaetura pelagica Present Native Rare
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor Present Native Rare
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia Present Native Rare
Common Tern, Northern Common Tern Sterna hirundo Present Native Common
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea Present Non-native Rare
Common Snipe, Wilson's Common Snipe, Wilson's Snipe Gallinago gallinago - - - - - -
Common Loon, Greater Common Loon Gavia immer Present Native Common
Common Gallinule, Common Moorhen, Florida Gallinule Gallinula chloropus Present Native Uncommon
Clapper Rail, Northern Clapper Rail Rallus longirostris Present Native Uncommon
cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Present Native Rare
Common Lapland Longspur, Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus Present Native Occasional
Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida Present Native Occasional
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present Native Uncommon
Common Redpoll, Greater Redpoll, Mealy Redpoll Carduelis flammea Present Native Rare
Canadian Pine Grosbeak, Newfoundland Pine Grosbeak, Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator Present Native Occasional
Cave Swallow Petrochelidon fulva Present Native Unknown
Cliff Swallow, Eastern Cliff Swallow, Eave Swallow, Northern Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Present Native Rare
common grackle Quiscalus quiscula Present Native Uncommon
cerulean warbler Dendroica cerulea Present Native Rare
chestnut-sided warbler Dendroica pensylvanica Present Native Uncommon
cape may warbler Dendroica tigrina Present Native Uncommon
common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Present Native Common
connecticut warbler Oporornis agilis Present Native Rare
Common Oven-bird, Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapillus Present Native Uncommon
canada warbler Wilsonia canadensis Present Native Uncommon
carolina wren Thryothorus ludovicianus Present Native Rare
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Dunlin, Red-backed Dunlin, Red-backed Sandpiper Calidris alpina Present Native Abundant
Dickcissel Spiza americana Present Native Occasional
dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis Present Native Common
downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens Present Native Rare
Double-crested Cormorant, Northern Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Goshawk, Goshawk, Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Present Native Rare
Eurasian Wigeon, European Widgeon, Widgeon Anas penelope Present Non-native Rare
Eastern Harlequin Duck, Harlequin Duck Histrionicus histrionicus Present Native Unknown
Eastern White-winged Scoter, White-winged Coot, White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Piping Plover, Piping Plover Charadrius melodus Present Native Rare
Eastern Iceland Gull, Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides Present Native Rare
Eastern Glaucous Gull, Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus Present Native Rare
Eastern Least Tern, Least Tern Sterna antillarum Present Native Common
Eastern Sooty Tern, Sooty Tern Sterna fuscata Present Native Unknown
Eastern Willet, Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus Present Native Common
Eastern Dowitcher, Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus Present Native Abundant
Eastern Solitary Sandpiper, Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Pigeon Hawk, Merlin, Pigeon Hawk Falco columbarius Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Lark Sparrow, Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus Present Native Rare
Eastern Savannah Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Present Native Common
Eastern Snow Bunting, Snow Bunting, Snowflake Plectrophenax nivalis Present Native Abundant
Eastern Vesper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Present Native Rare
Eurasian Goldfinch, European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis Present Non-native Unknown
evening grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus Present Native Rare
eastern meadowlark Sturnella magna Present Native Unknown
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present Native Abundant
eastern bluebird Sialia sialis Present Native Rare
eastern wood-pewee Contopus virens Present Native Uncommon
eastern phoebe Sayornis phoebe Present Native Uncommon
eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Present Native Rare
Eastern Green Heron, Green heron, Green-backed Heron Butorides virescens Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Glossy Ibis, Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus Present Native Abundant
Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis Present Native Occasional
European Cormorant, Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor Present Native Unknown
Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri Present Native Rare
Fish crow Corvus ossifragus Present Native Common
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca Present Native Common
field sparrow Spizella pusilla Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca Present Native Uncommon
Gadwall Anas strepera Present Native Common
Greater Scaup, Greater Scaup Duck Aythya marila Present Native Abundant
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus Present Native Abundant
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica Present Native Rare
Greater Yellowlegs, Greater Yellow-legs Tringa melanoleuca Present Native Abundant
grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum Present Native Uncommon
Great Gray Shrike, Northern Shrike Lanius excubitor Present Native Occasional
gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis Present Native Uncommon
golden-winged warbler Vermivora chrysoptera Present Native Rare
golden-crowned kinglet Regulus satrapa Present Native Uncommon
gray-cheeked thrush Catharus minimus Present Native Rare
great crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Present Native Rare
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present Native Common
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Unknown
Gannet, Northern Gannet Morus bassanus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus Present Native Common
Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica Present Native Uncommon
Hudsonian Curlew, Hudsonian Whimbrel, Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus Present Native Rare
horned lark Eremophila alpestris Present Native Uncommon
Henslow's sparrow Ammodramus henslowii Present Native Occasional
house finch Carpodacus mexicanus Present Native Common
hooded warbler Wilsonia citrina Present Native Rare
house sparrow Passer domesticus Present Non-native Common
house wren Troglodytes aedon Present Native Rare
hermit thrush Catharus guttatus Present Native Uncommon
hairy woodpecker Picoides villosus Present Native Occasional
Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus Present Native Common
Holboell's Grebe, Holboell's Red-necked Grebe, Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Rare
Intermediate Sharp-tailed Sparrow, Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sparrow Ammodramus caudacutus Present Native Rare
Ipswich Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis princeps Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
King Eider Somateria spectabilis Present Native Occasional
Killdeer, Northern Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Present Native Uncommon
King Rail, Northern King Rail Rallus elegans Present Native Occasional
kentucky warbler Oporornis formosus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lesser Scaup, Lesser Scaup Duck Aythya affinis Present Native Common
Long-tailed Duck, Old Squaw, Oldsquaw Clangula hyemalis Present Native Common
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla Present Native Abundant
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus Present Native Occasional
Little Gull Larus minutus Present Native Occasional
LITTLE STINT Calidris minuta Present Non-native Unknown
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla Present Native Abundant
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus Present Native Common
Lesser Yellowlegs, Lesser Yellow-legs Tringa flavipes Present Native Common
Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys Present Native Unknown
loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus Present Native Occasional
Louisana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla Present Native Rare
Long-billed Marsh Wren, Marsh Wren, Prairie Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris Present Native Common
least flycatcher Empidonax minimus Present Native Rare
Little Blue Heron, Northern Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea Present Native Uncommon
Least Bittern, Eastern Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis Present Native Unknown
Mute Swan Cygnus olor Present Non-native Abundant
Marbled godwit Limosa fedoa Present Native Rare
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Common
magnolia warbler Dendroica magnolia Present Native Uncommon
mourning warbler Oporornis philadelphia Present Native Rare
Monk Parakeet Myiopsitta monachus Present Non-native Common
Magnificent Frigatebird, Man-o'-War-Bird Fregata magnificens Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Present Native Rare
Northern shoveler, Shoveller Anas clypeata Present Native Common
Northern Ruddy Duck, Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Present Native Common
Northern Razor-billed Auk, Razorbill Alca torda Present Native Unknown
Northern Roseate Tern, Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii Present Native Rare
Northern Phalarope, Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus Present Native Rare
northern bobwhite Colinus virginianus Present Native Uncommon
Northern Virginia Rail, Virginia Rail Rallus limicola Present Native Unknown
northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Present Native Uncommon
northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Present Native Rare
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Present Native Uncommon
northern parula Parula americana Present Native Common
Northern Waterthrush, Northern Water-Thrush Seiurus noveboracensis Present Native Uncommon
nashville warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Present Native Rare
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present Native Rare
Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus Present Native Rare
Northern Short-eared Owl, Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
osprey Pandion haliaetus Present Native Uncommon
orchard oriole Icterus spurius Present Native Occasional
orange-crowned warbler Vermivora celata Present Native Rare
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima Present Native Common
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos Present Native Common
Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus Present Native Unknown
Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus Present Native Unknown
Pheasant, Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Present Non-native Uncommon
Pacific Loon Gavia pacifica Present Native Unknown
- - Porphyrio martinicus Present Native Unknown
Pine siskin Carduelis pinus Present Native Rare
purple finch Carpodacus purpureus Present Native Rare
purple martin Progne subis Present Native Rare
prairie warbler Dendroica discolor Present Native Uncommon
palm warbler Dendroica palmarum Present Native Uncommon
pine warbler Dendroica pinus Present Native Rare
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea Present Native Rare
Philadelphia vireo Vireo philadelphicus Present Native Rare
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present Native Rare
red-shouldered hawk Buteo lineatus Present Native Rare
Redhead Aythya americana Present Native Rare
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Present Native Rare
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator Present Native Abundant
ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris Present Native Rare
Ringed Plover, Semipalmated Plover, Semipalmated Ringed Plover Charadrius semipalmatus Present Native Abundant
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Present Native Abundant
Roseate Tern (subspecies) Sterna dougallii dougallii Present Native Rare
Royal Tern Sterna maxima Present Native Rare
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres Present Native Uncommon
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis Present Native Unknown
Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius Present Native Occasional
Ruff Philomachus pugnax Present Native Rare
rock dove Columba livia Present Native Common
Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata Present Native Uncommon
rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus Present Native Uncommon
Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra Present Native Rare
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Abundant
rusty blackbird Euphagus carolinus Present Native Rare
ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula Present Native Uncommon
red-breasted nuthatch Sitta canadensis Present Native Uncommon
red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus Present Native Uncommon
Reddish Egret Egretta rufescens Present Native Unknown
red-bellied woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus Present Native Rare
red-headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sharp-shinned hawk Accipiter striatus Present Native Uncommon
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus Present Native Unknown
Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata Present Native Rare
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia Present Native Uncommon
Sharp-tailed sandpiper Calidris acuminata Present Non-native Unknown
Sanderling Calidris alba Present Native Abundant
Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus Present Native Uncommon
Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla Present Native Abundant
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus Present Native Unknown
Sora Rail, Sora Porzana carolina Present Native Rare
Seaside Sparrow Ammodramus maritimus Present Native Uncommon
swamp sparrow Melospiza georgiana Present Native Rare
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Present Native Common
Sage Thrasher Oreoscoptes montanus Present Native Unknown
scarlet tanager Piranga olivacea Present Native Uncommon
summer tanager Piranga rubra Present Native Occasional
Sedge Wren, Short-billed Marsh Wren, Short-billed Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis Present Native Occasional
swainson's thrush Catharus ustulatus Present Native Uncommon
Snowy Egret Egretta thula Present Native Common
Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus Present Native Unknown
Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus Present Native Rare
Snowy Owl Nyctea scandiaca - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Rare
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula Present Non-native Unknown
Tundra Swan, Whistling Swan Cygnus columbianus Present Native Rare
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Present Native Common
tufted titmouse Baeolophus bicolor Present Native Unknown
Townsend's Warbler Dendroica townsendi Present Native Unknown
tennessee warbler Vermivora peregrina Present Native Rare
Townsend's Solitaire Myadestes townsendi Present Native Unknown
- - Turdus iliacus Present Non-native Unknown
Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
veery Catharus fuscescens Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Wood Duck Aix sponsa Present Native Rare
whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus Present Native Rare
Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia Present Native Unknown
White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis Present Native Common
Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri Present Native Common
Wilson's snipe Gallinago delicata Present Native Rare
Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor Present Native Uncommon
Wood Stork Mycteria americana Present Native Unknown
white-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Present Native Common
white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Present Native Rare
White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera Present Native Rare
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorus Present Native Rare
wilson's warbler Wilsonia pusilla Present Native Rare
white-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Present Native Rare
Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana Present Native Unknown
winter wren Troglodytes troglodytes Present Native Rare
wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina Present Native Uncommon
willow flycatcher Empidonax traillii Present Native Uncommon
warbling vireo Vireo gilvus Present Native Unknown
white-eyed vireo Vireo griseus Present Native Uncommon
White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Present Native Rare
Yellow Rail Coturnicops noveboracensis Present Native Occasional
Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Present Native Occasional
yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata Present Native Abundant
yellow-throated warbler Dendroica dominica Present Native Occasional
yellow warbler Dendroica petechia Present Native Uncommon
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens Present Native Rare
yellow-bellied flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris Present Native Rare
yellow-throated vireo Vireo flavifrons Present Native Rare
Yellow-crowned Night Heron, Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea Present Native Uncommon
yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Present Native Rare

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Atlantic Loggerhead Turtle Caretta caretta Present Native Unknown
Atlantic ridley, Atlantic ridley sea turtle, Kemp's Ridley, Kemp's ridley sea turtle Lepidochelys kempii Present Native Unknown
Atlantic Leatherback Dermochelys coriacea Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
common green sea turtle, green sea turtle Chelonia mydas Present Native Unknown
Common Snapping Turtle Chelydra serpentina serpentina Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern hognose snake Heterodon platirhinos Present Native Rare
Eastern Milk Snake Lampropeltis triangulum triangulum Present Native Uncommon
Eastern garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis Present Native Common
Eastern Painted Turtle Chrysemys picta picta Present Native Common
Eastern Box Turtle Terrapene carolina carolina Present Native Unknown
eastern mud turtle Kinosternon subrubrum subrubrum Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
MIDLAND PAINTED TURTLE Chrysemys picta marginata Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern black racer Coluber constrictor constrictor Present Native Common
Northern Water Snake Nerodia sipedon sipedon Unconfirmed Native - -
Northern Brown Snake Storeria dekayi dekayi Present Native Abundant
Northern diamondback terrapin Malaclemys terrapin terrapin Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-eared slider Trachemys scripta elegans Present Non-native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
smooth green snake Opheodrys vernalis Present Native Rare
Spotted Turtle Clemmys guttata Present Native Uncommon

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
EASTERN SPADEFOOT Scaphiopus holbrookii holbrookii Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Red-backed Salamander, Northern Redback Salamander, Red-backed Salamander Plethodon cinereus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fowler's toad Bufo fowleri Present Native Uncommon
FROG, GREEN Rana clamitans melanota Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Gray Treefrog, Rain Toad, Tree Toad Hyla versicolor Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Northern Spring Peeper Pseudacris crucifer crucifer Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-spotted newt Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
spotted salamander Ambystoma maculatum Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
wood frog Rana sylvatica Unconfirmed Unknown - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Atlantic Sturgeon Acipenser oxyrynchus Present Unknown Unknown
American Eel, Common Eel, Eel Anguilla rostrata Present Unknown Unknown
Atlantic Silverside Menidia menidia Present Unknown Unknown
Atlantic Needlefish Strongylura marina Present Unknown Unknown
Alewife Alosa pseudoharengus Present Unknown Unknown
American shad, Atlantic shad, common shad, white shad Alosa sapidissima Present Unknown Unknown
Atlantic Herring Clupea harengus Present Unknown Unknown
Atlantic Herring Clupea harengus harengus Present Unknown Unknown
Atlantic Cod Gadus morhua Present Unknown Unknown
Atlantic tomcod Microgadus tomcod Present Unknown Unknown
American Sand Lance Ammodytes americanus Present Unknown Unknown
African pompano, threadfin Alectis ciliaris Probably Present Unknown - -
arrow goby Clevelandia ios Probably Present Unknown - -
Atlantic Croaker Micropogonias undulatus Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Blueback Herring Alosa aestivalis Present Unknown Unknown
Bay Anchovy Anchoa mitchilli Present Unknown Unknown
Banded Killifish, Top Minnow Fundulus diaphanus Probably Present Unknown - -
Bluespotted Cornetfish Fistularia tabacaria Present Unknown Unknown
Brook Stickleback, Threespine Stickleback, Three-spined Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus Present Unknown Unknown
black mullet, gray mullet, striped mullet Mugil cephalus Present Unknown Unknown
Bigeye scad Selar crumenophthalmus Present Unknown Unknown
Bluefish Girella cyanea Present Unknown Unknown
butterfish Odax pullus Present Unknown Unknown
Bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix Present Unknown Unknown
bigeye Priacanthus arenatus Present Unknown Unknown
Banded Croaker Larimus fasciatus Present Unknown Unknown
Black Sea Bass Centropristis striata Present Unknown Unknown
Butterfish Peprilus triacanthus Present Unknown Unknown
burrfish, porcupinefish, striped burrfish Chilomycterus schoepfii Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Conger Eel Conger oceanicus Present Unknown Unknown
Common Mummichog, Mummichog Fundulus heteroclitus Present Unknown Unknown
Cownose Ray Rhinoptera bonasus Present Unknown Unknown
Crevalle Jack Caranx hippos Present Unknown Unknown
Cunner Tautogolabrus adspersus Present Unknown Unknown
Crab Eater Rachycentron canadum Present Unknown Unknown
Clearnose Skate Raja eglanteria Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fourspine Stickleback Apeltes quadracus Present Unknown Unknown
Fourspot Flounder Paralichthys oblongus Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
goldfish Carassius auratus Present Unknown Unknown
grey snapper Lutjanus agennes Probably Present Unknown - -
Gray Trout, Weakfish Cynoscion regalis Present Unknown Unknown
Gulf Stream flounder Citharichthys arctifrons Present Unknown Unknown
Grubby Myoxocephalus aenaeus Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Halfbeak Hyporhamphus unifasciatus Present Unknown Unknown
Hogchoker Trinectes maculatus Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
inland silverside Menidia beryllina Present Unknown Unknown
Inshore Lizardfish Synodus foetens Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
King-whiting, Northern Kingfish Menticirrhus saxatilis Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lined Seahorse, Northern Spotted seahorse Hippocampus erectus Present Unknown Unknown
Lookdown Selene vomer Present Unknown Unknown
little skate Raja erinacea Present Unknown Unknown
Longhorn sculpin Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Menhaden Brevoortia tyrannus Present Unknown Unknown
Marsh killifish Fundulus confluentus Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Northern Pipefish Syngnathus fuscus Present Unknown Unknown
Naked Goby Gobiosoma bosc Probably Present Unknown - -
Northern Sennet Sphyraena borealis Present Unknown Unknown
Northern Stargazer Astroscopus guttatus Present Unknown Unknown
Northern Searobin Prionotus carolinus Present Unknown Unknown
Northern Puffer Sphoeroides maculatus Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Oyster Toadfish Opsanus tau Present Unknown Unknown
Ocean pout Macrozoarces americanus Present Unknown Unknown
Orange Filefish Aluterus schoepfi Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pacific sand lance Ammodytes hexapterus Present Unknown Unknown
Permit Trachinotus falcatus Present Unknown Unknown
Planehead Filefish Monacanthus hispidus Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Red Hake Urophycis chuss Present Unknown Unknown
Rock gunnel Pholis gunnellus Present Unknown Unknown
Red Drum Sciaenops ocellatus Present Unknown Unknown
red porgy Pagrus pagrus Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Smooth Dogfish Shark Mustelus canis Present Unknown Unknown
Spotkin Killifish Fundulus luciae Probably Present Unknown - -
Striped Mummichog Fundulus majalis Probably Present Unknown - -
Spotted Hake Urophycis regia Present Unknown Unknown
Silver Hake, Whiting Merluccius bilinearis Present Unknown Unknown
Sand Shark Odontaspis taurus Present Unknown Unknown
Striped Mullet Liza tricuspidens Present Unknown Unknown
Spotfin Butterfly Fish, Spotfin Butterflyfish Chaetodon ocellatus Present Unknown Unknown
Seaboard Goby Gobiosoma ginsburgi Present Unknown Unknown
striped bass Morone saxatilis Present Unknown Unknown
Short bigeye Pristigenys alta Probably Present Unknown - -
Spot Leiostomus xanthurus Present Unknown Unknown
Sheepshead Archosargus probatocephalus Present Unknown Unknown
Scup Stenotomus chrysops Present Unknown Unknown
Smallmouth Flounder Etropus microstomus Present Unknown Unknown
Summer Flounder Paralichthys dentatus Present Unknown Unknown
Smallmouth Flounder Microstomus microcephalus Probably Present Unknown - -
Striped Searobin Prionotus evolans Present Unknown Unknown
Spiny Dogfish Squalus acanthias Present Unknown Unknown
Smooth trunkfish Lactophrys triqueter Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Tautog Tautoga onitis Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
western mosquitofish Gambusia affinis Present Unknown Unknown
White hake Urophycis tenuis Present Unknown Unknown
White Mullet Mugil curema Present Unknown Unknown
White Perch Morone americana Present Unknown Unknown
Weakfish Pseudotolithes typus Probably Present Unknown - -
Winter Flounder Pseudopleuronectes americanus Present Unknown Unknown
Windowpane Flounder Scophthalmus aquosus Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow jack Caranx bartholomaei Present Unknown Unknown
yellow jack Gnathanodon speciosus Probably Present Unknown - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
arrow-arum Peltandra virginica Present Unknown Uncommon
American holly Ilex opaca Present Unknown Uncommon
autumn onion, prairie onion Allium stellatum Present Native Unknown
asparagus Asparagus officinalis Present Non-native Rare
Adam's needle Yucca filamentosa Present Native Uncommon
Adam's needle Yucca flaccida Present Native Unknown
annual ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia Present Native Common
ANNUAL WORMWOOD, sweet sagewort Artemisia annua Present Non-native Common
- - Artemisia caudata Present Native Unknown
aster Aster - - - - - -
- - Aster racemosus Present Unknown Unknown
annual saltmarsh aster Aster subulatus Present Unknown Common
Atlantic goldenrod Solidago arguta Probably Present Native - -
amaranth, crispleaf amaranth Amaranthus crispus Present Non-native Unknown
arid goosefoot, aridland goosefoot, desert goosefoot, narrowleaf goosefoot Chenopodium desiccatum Present Non-native Unknown
American Sea Blite Suaeda calceoliformis Present Unknown Uncommon
American pokeweed, common pokeweed, inkberry, pigeonberry, poke, pokeberry, pokeweed Phytolacca americana Present Native Common
American bittersweet Celastrus scandens Present Native Unknown
Asiatic dayflower Commelina communis Present Non-native Uncommon
American Yew Taxus canadensis Present Native Unknown
arrowwood, arrow-wood viburnum, southern arrowwood Viburnum dentatum Present Native Unknown
American cranberrybush Viburnum trilobum Present Native Unknown
Alfalfa, Lucerne Medicago sativa Present Non-native Common
Alsike, Alsatian Clover Trifolium hybridum Present Non-native Common
American deervetch, American purple vetch, American vetch Vicia americana Present Native Unknown
Atlantic Wisteria Wisteria frutescens Present Non-native Unknown
American wisteria Wisteria macrostachya Unconfirmed Unknown - -
alfilaria Erodium cicutarium Present Non-native Uncommon
American Germander Teucrium canadense Present Unknown Uncommon
American germander Teucrium canadense var. boreale Present Native Unknown
ash Fraxinus - - - - - -
Amur Privet Ligustrum amurense Present Non-native Unknown
American squawroot Conopholis americana Present Native Unknown
American basswood Tilia americana Present Native Unknown
Asiatic sand sedge Carex kobomugi Present Native Unknown
Asian flatsedge Cyperus amuricus Present Non-native Unknown
autumn fimbry Fimbristylis autumnalis Present Native Unknown
American bulrush Scirpus americanus Present Native Unknown
- - Agropyron trachycaulum Present Unknown Unknown
- - Andropogon scoparius var. littoralis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
arrowfeather threeawn Aristida purpurascens var. virgata Present Unknown Unknown
awnless brome, smooth brome Bromus inermis Present Non-native Common
A BARNYARD GRASS Echinochloa crusgalli Present Unknown Uncommon
annual bluegrass Poa annua Present Non-native Common
American sycamore Platanus occidentalis Present Native Unknown
autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata Present Non-native Common
autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia Unconfirmed Unknown - -
alder buckthorn Rhamnus frangula Present Non-native Common
Agrimony Agrimonia gryposepala Present Native Unknown
Avens Geum canadense Present Native Rare
apple Malus - - - - - -
Apple Malus sylvestris Probably Present Unknown - -
Apple Malus X platycarpa Present Non-native Unknown
American elm Ulmus americana Present Native Unknown
Amur peppervine, PORCELAIN BERRY Ampelopsis brevipedunculata Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
broad waterweed, Canada waterweed, Canadian waterweed Elodea canadensis Present Unknown Uncommon
blue plantain lily Hosta ventricosa Present Non-native Unknown
bearded iris Iris germanica Present Non-native Unknown
biennial sagewort, biennial wormwood Artemisia biennis Present Non-native Unknown
Blake Heath Aster Aster pilosus var. pringlei Probably Present Unknown - -
- - Baccharis halimifolia Present Native Common
Beggar Ticks, Stick-tight Bidens frondosa Present Native Unknown
bur-marifold, stick-tights Bidens laevis Present Native Unknown
Batchelor's Buttons Centaurea cyanus Present Non-native Unknown
Brown knapweed Centaurea jacea Present Non-native Uncommon
bull thistle Cirsium vulgare Present Non-native Uncommon
burnweed Erechtites hieracifolia Present Native Uncommon
Butterweed, Hogweed, Horseweed Erigeron canadensis Probably Present Unknown - -
blanket flower Gaillardia pulchella Present Non-native Uncommon
blackeyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta Present Non-native Unknown
Black-eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima Present Non-native Uncommon
bog goldenrod Solidago neglecta Not In Park Unknown - -
blowball, common dandelion, dandelion, faceclock Taraxacum officinale Present Non-native Common
Black Mustard Brassica nigra Present Non-native Rare
bassia Bassia hirsuta Present Non-native Rare
burningbush, common kochia, fireweed, Mexican burningbush, Mexican fireweed, Mexican-fireweed, mock cypress, summercypress Kochia scoparia Present Non-native Unknown
bouncingbet Saponaria officinalis Present Non-native Uncommon
Bladder Campion Silene vulgaris Present Non-native Common
Buckwheat Fagopyrum esculentum Present Non-native Unknown
black bindweed Polygonum convolvulus Present Non-native Unknown
bushy knotweed Polygonum ramosissimum var. prolificum Present Unknown Unknown
Bushy knotweed Polygonum ramosissimum var. ramosissimum Present Unknown Unknown
bitter doc Rumex obtusifolius Present Non-native Rare
burning bush Euonymus - - - - - -
burningbush, eastern burningbush, eastern wahoo, wahoo Euonymus atropurpureus Present Unknown Unknown
bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort Tradescantia ohiensis Present Native Uncommon
blackgum Nyssa sylvatica Present Native Rare
BUR CUCUMBER, oneseed burr cucumber Sicyos angulatus Present Native Unknown
Bar Harbor Juniper, Creeping Juniper Juniperus horizontalis Present Non-native Unknown
bald cypress Taxodium distichum Not In Park Unknown - -
blackhaw Viburnum prunifolium Present Native Rare
Bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Present Native Unknown
Black Huckleberry Gaylussacia baccata Present Native Unknown
Blue Ridge blueberry Vaccinium pallidum Present Unknown Unknown
bank catclaw Acacia redolens Unconfirmed Unknown - -
bastard indigo Amorpha fruticosa Present Non-native Unknown
beach pea Lathyrus japonicus Present Native Unknown
beach pea Lathyrus japonicus var. glaber Probably Present Unknown - -
Beach Pea Lathyrus japonicus var. maritimus Present Non-native Unknown
Birdsfoot Trefoil Lotus corniculatus Present Non-native Common
Black Medick Medicago lupulina Present Non-native Rare
black locust Robinia pseudoacacia Present Non-native Unknown
Black Locust Robinia pseudo-acacia Present Non-native Common
black alder Alnus glutinosa Present Non-native Uncommon
black oak Quercus velutina Present Native Unknown
black walnut Juglans nigra Present Native Unknown
Bayberry Myrica pensylvanica Present Native Common
butterfly milkweed Asclepias tuberosa Present Native Unknown
black swallowwort, climbing milkweed, Louis' swallow-wort Cynanchum nigrum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
branched centaury Centaurium pulchellum Present Unknown Unknown
buttonweed Diodia teres Present Native Uncommon
bedstraw Galium tinctorium Present Native Unknown
blue fieldmadder Sherardia arvensis Present Native Unknown
blue curls, forked bluecurls Trichostema dichotomum Present Native Unknown
bladderwort Utricularia - - - - - -
Butter-and-eggs Linaria vulgaris Present Non-native Common
blackseed plantain Plantago rugelii Present Native Uncommon
Bird's Eye Speedwell Veronica chamaedrys Present Non-native Unknown
Blue Vervain Verbena hastata Present Native Uncommon
Balsam Poplar Populus balsamifera Present Native Unknown
balm of Gilead Populus balsamifera X deltoides Present Non-native Unknown
Balm of Gilead Populus balsamum-gileadense Not In Park Unknown - -
black cottonwood, black poplar, Lombardy's poplar Populus nigra Present Non-native Unknown
Balm-of-Gilead Populus X gileadensis Present Unknown Unknown
black willow Salix nigra Present Native Rare
Bay-leved willow Salix pentandra Present Non-native Unknown
blue wax-weed Cuphea petiolata Probably Present Unknown - -
broadleaf enchanter's nightshade Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis Present Unknown Unknown
black pine Pinus nigra Present Non-native Unknown
Bailey's Sedge Carex baileyi Present Native Unknown
Bebb sedge, Bebb's sedge Carex bebbii Present Native Unknown
blunt spike-rush Eleocharis obtusa Present Native Unknown
beak-rush Rhynchospora capitellata Present Unknown Common
Bulrush Scirpus torreyi Present Native Unknown
Beak rush Juncus - - - - - -
Black Grass Juncus gerardi Probably Present Unknown - -
black grass Juncus gerardii Present Native Common
Beachgrass Ammophila breviligulata Present Native Uncommon
bluestem Andropogon - - - - - -
big bluestem Andropogon gerardii Present Unknown Unknown
broom-sedge Andropogon virginicus Present Native Uncommon
Bromegrass Bromus hordeaceus Present Unknown Rare
barren brome Bromus sterilis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Bromegrass Bromus tectorum Present Non-native Common
burgrass, field sandbur, innocent-weed, longspine sandbur, mat sandbur, sandbur Cenchrus longispinus Present Native Uncommon
Bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon Present Unknown Uncommon
Barnyard Grass Echinochloa crus-galli Present Non-native Unknown
Bundle panicgrass Panicum acuminatum Present Native Uncommon
beachgrass Panicum amarulum Present Unknown Unknown
bitter panicum Panicum amarum Present Native Rare
bitter beachgrass, bitter panicgrass, coastal panicgrass Panicum amarum minor Not In Park Unknown - -
bluegrass, bluegrass spp. Poa - - - - - -
Bulbous bluegrass Poa bulbosa Present Non-native Unknown
Bristly Foxtail Setaria viridis var. breviseta Present Non-native Unknown
broadleaf cattail Typha latifolia Present Native Unknown
Bulbous Buttercup Ranunculus bulbosus Present Non-native Unknown
Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa Present Native Unknown
Beach Plum Prunus maritima Present Native Uncommon
Black Cherry Prunus serotina Present Native Common
black cherry Prunus serotina var. virens Unconfirmed Unknown - -
blackberry, brambles Rubus - - - - - -
black raspberry Rubus occidentalis Present Native Unknown
blackberry, dewberry Rubus villosus Not In Park Unknown - -
bridal wreath Spiraea vanhouttei Present Non-native Unknown
bastard toadflax Comandra umbellata Present Native Rare
boxelder Acer negundo Present Native Rare
buffalo bur Solanum cornutum Unconfirmed Non-native - -
black nightshade Solanum nigrum Present Non-native Unknown
Black Nightshade Solanum nigrum Probably Present Unknown - -
black nightshade Solanum nigrum var. virginicum Present Unknown Uncommon
Boston ivy Parthenocissus tricuspidata Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Arrrowhead Sagittaria latifolia Present Unknown Rare
common duckweed, least duckweed, lesser duckweed Lemna minor Present Native Uncommon
- - Coelopleurum lucidum Probably Present Unknown - -
common goldstar Hypoxis hirsuta Present Native Rare
Common Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium angustifolium Present Native Uncommon
common yarrow Achillea millefolium Present Non-native Unknown
corn chamomile Anthemis arvensis Present Non-native Uncommon
Common Burdock Arctium minus Present Non-native Uncommon
common sagewort, field sagewort, Pacific wormwood, wormwood sagewort Artemisia campestris Not In Park Unknown - -
Common Mugwort Artemisia vulgaris Present Non-native Common
common wormwood Artemisia vulgaris var. vulgaris Unconfirmed Unknown - -
crowned beggarticks Bidens coronata Present Native Unknown
Chicory Cichorium intybus Present Non-native Common
Canada Thistle Cirsium arvense Present Non-native Uncommon
Canadian horseweed Conyza canadensis Present Unknown Uncommon
Canadian horseweed Conyza canadensis var. canadensis Present Native Unknown
coreopsis, tickseed Coreopsis - - - - - -
coreopsis Coreopsis grandiflora Probably Present Unknown - -
Crepis Crepis capillaris Unconfirmed Unknown - -
common boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum Present Native Uncommon
Catfoot Gnaphalium obtusifolium Present Native Common
Common Sunflower Helianthus annuus Present Non-native Rare
camphorweed Heterotheca subaxillaris Present Non-native Common
cat's-ear Hypochaeris radicata Present Non-native Common
Canada lettuce Lactuca canadensis Present Native Uncommon
China lettuce, prickly lettuce, wild lettuce Lactuca serriola Present Non-native Uncommon
climbing hempvine, climbing hempweed Mikania scandens Present Native Rare
camphor pluchea Pluchea camphorata Present Native Unknown
coneflower Rudbeckia - - - - - -
cutleaf coneflower Rudbeckia laciniata Present Non-native Rare
Common Groundsel Senecio vulgaris Present Non-native Common
Canada Goldenrod Solidago canadensis Present Native Unknown
Canadian goldenrod Solidago canadensis var. scabra Present Unknown Uncommon
coastal goldenrod Solidago latissimifolia Present Unknown Rare
Common Sow Thistle Sonchus oleraceus Present Non-native Uncommon
common salsify, goat's beard, goatsbeard, meadow goat's-beard, salsifis majeur, salsify, western goat's beard, western salsify, wild oysterplant, yellow goat's beard, yellow salsify Tragopogon dubius Present Non-native Uncommon
common cocklebur Xanthium pensylvanicum Probably Present Unknown - -
cocklebur Xanthium strumarium Present Native Unknown
Canada cocklebur, Canada cockleburr, cocklebur, common cocklebur, rough cocklebur, rough cockleburr Xanthium strumarium var. canadense Present Unknown Uncommon
cocklebur Xanthium strumarium var. glabratum Present Native Unknown
corn gromwell Buglossoides arvensis Present Non-native Unknown
- - Chenopodium hybridum Present Non-native Unknown
Cottonweed Froelichia - - - - - -
Common Saltwort Salsola kali Present Non-native Unknown
Corn Cockle; purple cockle Agrostemma githago Present Non-native Unknown
common mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium fontanum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
common mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium vulgatum Present Non-native Uncommon
chickweed, whitesnow Drymaria cordata Unconfirmed Unknown - -
childing pink Petrorhagia prolifera Present Non-native Rare
common chickweed Stellaria media Present Non-native Common
Childlng Pink Tunica prolifera Present Non-native Unknown
Carpetweed Mollugo verticillata Present Non-native Common
curltop ladysthumb, curlytop knotweed, curlytop smartweed, dock-leaf smartweed, nodding smartweed, pale smartweed Polygonum lapathifolium Present Native Uncommon
climbing false-buckwheat Polygonum scandens Present Native Uncommon
common sheep sorrel Rumex acetosella Present Non-native Common
Curly dock Rumex crispus Present Non-native Uncommon
curly dock Rumex crispus ssp. crispus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Climbing False Buckwheat Tiniaria scandens Unconfirmed Unknown - -
creeping strawberry bush Euonymus kiautschovica Present Non-native Unknown
Cornelian cherry Cornus mas Present Native Unknown
- - Citrullus vulgaris Present Non-native Unknown
Chinese juniper Juniperus chinensis Present Non-native Rare
common juniper, dwarf juniper Juniperus communis Not In Park Unknown - -
Common Elder Sambucus canadensis Present Native Rare
coralberry Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Present Non-native Unknown
crimson weigela Weigela floribunda Present Non-native Rare
- - Cassia chamaecrista Present Native Unknown
Crown Vetch Coronilla varia Present Non-native Uncommon
Chinese lespedeza Lespedeza cuneata Present Non-native Common
COMMON VETCH Vicia angustifolia Present Non-native Rare
Cow Vetch, Tufted Vetch Vicia cracca Present Non-native Uncommon
Chinese wisteria Wisteria sinensis Present Non-native Uncommon
Common Milkweed Asclepias syriaca Present Native Common
common periwinkle Vinca minor Present Non-native Uncommon
common buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Present Native Unknown
Carolina Cranesbill Geranium carolinianum Present Native Unknown
Carolina geranium Geranium carolinianum var. confertiflorum Present Unknown Common
Common catalpa Catalpa bignonioides Present Non-native Uncommon
caryopteris Caryopteris X clandonensis Present Non-native Unknown
Catnip Nepeta cataria Present Non-native Unknown
common selfheal Prunella vulgaris Present Non-native Common
common selfheal Prunella vulgaris var. hispida Probably Present Unknown - -
creeping thyme Thymus praecox ssp. arcticus Present Non-native Unknown
California privet Ligustrum ovalifolium Present Non-native Unknown
Common Privet Ligustrum vulgare Present Non-native Rare
Common Lilac Syringa vulgaris Present Non-native Unknown
Common Plantain Plantago major Present Non-native Uncommon
corn speedwell Veronica arvensis Present Non-native Common
Common Speedwell Veronica officinalis Present Non-native Uncommon
Common Mullein Verbascum thapsus Present Non-native Common
cat greenbrier Smilax glauca Present Native Unknown
Cypress Spurge Euphorbia cyparissias Present Non-native Uncommon
Canada St. Johnswort Hypericum canadense Present Native Uncommon
Common St. Johnswort Hypericum perforatum Present Non-native Common
coyote willow, desert willow, narrowleaf willow, sandbar willow Salix exigua Present Native Unknown
Crack Willow Salix fragilis Present Non-native Unknown
common blue violet Viola papilionacea Present Native Unknown
common blue violet Viola sororia Present Native Unknown
common marshmallow Althaea officinalis Present Non-native Rare
Common Mallow, Cheeses Malva neglecta Present Non-native Uncommon
codlins and cream, hairy willow herb Epilobium hirsutum Present Non-native Rare
common evening primrose Oenothera biennis Present Native Common
Cut-leaved Evening Primrose Oenothera laciniata Present Native Unknown
cutleaf grapefern Botrychium dissectum Present Native Rare
Cinnamon Fern Osmunda cinnamomea Present Native Rare
creeping oxalis, creeping woodsorrel, 'ihi, yellow oxalis, yellow wood sorrel Oxalis corniculata Present Non-native Unknown
common yellow oxalis Oxalis stricta Present Non-native Common
Colorado blue spruce Picea pungens Present Native Unknown
chufa flatsedge, yellow nutgrass, yellow nutsedge Cyperus esculentus Present Native Unknown
- - Cyperus filiculmis Present Native Unknown
- - Cyperus rivularis Present Native Unknown
clustered beakrush Rhynchospora glomerata Present Non-native Unknown
common rush Juncus effusus Present Unknown Unknown
creeping bentgrass Agrostis stolonifera var. palustris Present Unknown Uncommon
Canada Bluejoint Calamagrostis canadensis Present Unknown Rare
Canada wildrye Elymus canadensis Probably Present Unknown - -
candy grass Eragrostis megastachya Probably Present Unknown - -
Common Darnel, Perennial Ryegrass Lolium perenne Present Non-native Uncommon
Common Reed Phragmites australis Present Native Common
Canada bluegrass Poa compressa Present Non-native Uncommon
Common Alkali Grass Puccinellia maritima Present Non-native Unknown
Common Barberry Berberis vulgaris Present Non-native Unknown
common moonseed Menispermum canadense Present Native Unknown
common hackberry Celtis occidentalis Present Native Uncommon
Common Shadbush Amelanchier arborea Present