Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Rank: 3

Park Description

Ridge upon ridge of forest straddles the border between North Carolina and Tennessee in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. World renowned for its diversity of plant and animal life, the beauty of its ancient mountains, and the quality of its remnants of Southern Appalachian mountain culture, this is America's most visited national park.

Park Address

Great Smoky Mountains National Park 107 Park Headquarters Road

Gatlinburg, TN, 37738

Great Smoky Mountains National Park Activites









Species in Great Smoky Mountains National Park by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American bison, bison Bos bison Not In Park Native - -
Appalachian Cottontail Sylvilagus obscurus Present Native Rare
American Beaver, Beaver, Canadian Beaver Castor canadensis Present Native Uncommon
Appalachian woodrat Neotoma magister Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bobcat Lynx rufus Present Native Common
Blackcat, Fisher, Pekan Martes pennanti Not In Park Native - -
Black Bear Ursus americanus Present Native Common
big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus Present Native Uncommon
Boreal Redback Vole, Red-backed Mouse, Red-backed Vole, Southern Red-backed Vole, White-Mountain Red-backed Mouse Clethrionomys gapperi Present Native Common
Black Rat Rattus rattus Present Non-native Uncommon
Brewer's Mole, Hairy-tailed Mole Parascalops breweri Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
coyote Canis latrans Present Native Common
common gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus Present Native Common
Cougar, mountain lion, Puma Puma concolor Probably Present Native - -
common otter, North American River Otter, northern river otter, river otter Lontra canadensis Present Native Uncommon
Common Muskrat, Muskrat, Musquash, Water Rat Ondatra zibethicus Present Native Common
cotton mouse Peromyscus gossypinus Present Native Uncommon
Carolina northern flying squirrel Glaucomys sabrinus coloratus Present Native Rare
Chickaree, Red Squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Domestic Cow Bos taurus Not In Park Non-native - -
domestic cat, house cat Felis silvestris Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
European Mouflon Sheep Ovis aries Not In Park Non-native - -
elk, Red Deer (see comments), wapiti, wapiti or elk Cervus elaphus Present Native Rare
Eastern Timber Wolf, Gray Wolf, Timber Wolf Canis lupus Not In Park Native - -
Eastern Spotted Skunk, spotted skunk Spilogale putorius Present Native Rare
eastern red bat Lasiurus borealis Present Native Common
Eastern Small-footed Myotis, Small-footed Myotis Myotis leibii Present Native Rare
evening bat Nycticeius humeralis Present Native Rare
Eastern Pipistrelle, Northern Georgian Bat Pipistrellus subflavus Present Native Common
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Present Native Common
eastern woodrat Neotoma floridana Not In Park Native - -
eastern harvest mouse Reithrodontomys humulis Present Native Rare
eastern gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis Present Native Common
eastern fox squirrel Sciurus niger Not In Park Native - -
eastern chipmunk Tamias striatus Present Native Common
eastern mole Scalopus aquaticus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Feral Pig Sus scrofa Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
gray bat Myotis grisescens Not In Park Native - -
golden mouse Ochrotomys nuttalli Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus Present Native Uncommon
Horse Equus caballus Present Non-native Uncommon
human, man Homo sapiens Present Non-native Uncommon
Hedgehog, Porcupine Erethizon dorsatum Not In Park Unknown - -
house mouse Mus musculus Present Non-native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Indiana bat Myotis sodalis Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Keen's Myotis, Northern Long-eared Bat, Northern Myotis, Say's Bat Myotis keenii Not In Park Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata Present Native Common
least weasel Mustela nivalis Probably Present Native - -
little brown bat Myotis lucifugus Present Native Common
least shrew Cryptotis parva Present Native Uncommon
long-tailed shrew Sorex dispar Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mountain lion Felis concolor Probably Present Native - -
mink Mustela vison Present Native Uncommon
meadow jumping mouse Zapus hudsonius Present Native Rare
meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus Present Native Rare
marsh rice rat Oryzomys palustris Not In Park Native - -
Masked Shrew Sorex cinereus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern bat Myotis septentrionalis Present Native Uncommon
New England cottontail Sylvilagus transitionalis Not In Park Unknown - -
Norway rat Rattus norvegicus Present Non-native Uncommon
northern short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda Present Native Common
Northern Water Shrew, Water Shrew, White-lipped Water Shrew Sorex palustris Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Otter, River Otter Lutra canadensis Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
prairie deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus Present Native Common
pygmy shrew Sorex hoyi Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red wolf Canis rufus Probably Present Native - -
Red Fox Vulpes fulva Not In Park Native - -
red fox Vulpes vulpes Present Native Uncommon
raccoon Procyon lotor Present Native Common
Rafinesque's big-eared bat Plecotus rafinesquii Present Native Common
rock vole Microtus chrotorrhinus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis Present Native Common
silver-haired bat Lasionycteris noctivagans Present Native Uncommon
southeastern myotis Myotis austroriparius Probably Present Native - -
Snowshoe Hare, Varying Hare Lepus americanus Not In Park Native - -
southern bog lemming Synaptomys cooperi Present Native Uncommon
southern flying squirrel Glaucomys volans Present Native Common
smoky shrew Sorex fumeus Present Native Common
southeastern shrew Sorex longirostris Present Native Rare
Star-nosed Mole Condylura cristata Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Present Native Common
Weasel Mustela - - - - - -
Woodland Jumping Mouse Napaeozapus insignis Present Native Uncommon
woodland vole Microtus pinetorum Present Native Uncommon
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Present Native Common
woodchuck Marmota monax Present Native Uncommon

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Golden Eagle, Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos Present Native Occasional
American Pintail, Northern Pintail, Pintail Anas acuta Not In Park Native - -
American Wigeon, Baldpate Anas americana Not In Park Native - -
American Black Duck, Black Duck, Common Black Duck, Red-legged Black Duck Anas rubripes Present Native Occasional
American Brant, Brant Branta bernicla Not In Park Non-native - -
American Golden-eye, Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula Present Native Occasional
American Common Scoter, American Scoter, Black Scoter, Butter-bill, Common Scoter Melanitta nigra Probably Present Native - -
American Merganser, Common Merganser Mergus merganser Present Native Occasional
American Golden Plover, American Golden-Plover, Eastern American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica Not In Park Native - -
American Black Tern, Black Tern Chlidonias niger Not In Park Unknown - -
american woodcock Scolopax minor Present Native Uncommon
American Peregrine Falcon, Duck Hawk, Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Present Non-native Uncommon
american kestrel Falco sparverius Present Native Rare
American Coot, Northern American Coot Fulica americana Present Native Occasional
american crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Present Native Common
american tree sparrow Spizella arborea Unconfirmed Native - -
american goldfinch Carduelis tristis Present Native Common
American Pipit, American Water Pipit, Water Pipit Anthus rubescens Present Native Uncommon
american redstart Setophaga ruticilla Present Native Uncommon
Appalachian Bewick's wren Thryomanes bewickii altus Not In Park Native - -
american robin Turdus migratorius Present Native Common
alder flycatcher Empidonax alnorum Present Native Occasional
acadian flycatcher Empidonax virescens Present Native Common
Arkansas Kingbird, Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis Not In Park Native - -
American Egret, Common Egret?, Great Egret Ardea alba Not In Park Native - -
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus Present Native Occasional
American White Pelican, White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Not In Park Native - -
American Long-eared Owl, Long-eared Owl Asio otus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
broad-winged hawk Buteo platypterus Present Native Common
Bald Eagle, Northern Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Present Native Uncommon
black vulture Coragyps atratus Present Native Rare
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Present Native Rare
Bufflehead, Buffle-head Bucephala albeola Present Native Rare
Blue Goose, Snow Goose Chen caerulescens Present Native Occasional
Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia Present Native Occasional
Belted Kingfisher, Eastern Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Present Native Uncommon
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus Present Native Uncommon
Blue Grosbeak, Eastern Blue Grosbeak Guiraca caerulea Present Native Rare
Brown Creeper Certhia americana Present Native Common
blue jay Cyanocitta cristata Present Native Common
Bachman's Sparrow Aimophila aestivalis Not In Park Native - -
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Common
Bank Swallow, Common Bank Swallow Riparia riparia Present Native Occasional
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus Present Native Rare
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Present Native Uncommon
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Native Uncommon
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Present Native Uncommon
Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus Present Native Common
black-throated blue warbler Dendroica caerulescens Present Native Common
bay-breasted warbler Dendroica castanea Present Native Uncommon
blackburnian warbler Dendroica fusca Present Native Common
blackpoll warbler Dendroica striata Present Native Uncommon
black-throated green warbler Dendroica virens Present Native Abundant
black-and-white warbler Mniotilta varia Present Native Common
Bachman's Warbler, Bachman's Wood Warbler Vermivora bachmanii Not In Park Native - -
Brewster's warbler (hybrid) Vermivora chrysoptera X pinus Not In Park Unknown - -
Brewster's warbler Vermivora leucobronchialis Not In Park Unknown - -
blue-winged warbler Vermivora pinus Present Native Rare
Brewster's Warbler Vermivora pinus X chrysoptera Not In Park Unknown - -
blue-gray gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Present Native Common
Bewick's Wren, Eastern Bewick's Wren Thryomanes bewickii Not In Park Native - -
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius Present Native Abundant
Black-crowned Night Heron, Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Not In Park Native - -
Band-rumped Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma castro Not In Park Non-native - -
barred owl Strix varia Present Native Uncommon
Barn Owl, North American Barn Owl Tyto alba Probably Present Native - -
Barn Owl Tytonidae - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
cooper's hawk Accipiter cooperii Present Native Rare
Common Mallard, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Present Native Uncommon
Canada Goose, Eastern Canada Goose Branta canadensis Present Native Uncommon
chimney swift Chaetura pelagica Present Native Common
chuck-will's-widow Caprimulgus carolinensis Present Native Rare
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor Present Native Rare
Common Snipe, Wilson's Common Snipe, Wilson's Snipe Gallinago gallinago Present Native Rare
Chukar Alectoris chukar Not In Park Non-native - -
Canada Ruffed Grouse, Partridge, Ruffed Grouse, Timber Grouse Bonasa umbellus Present Native Uncommon
Common Peafowl, Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus Not In Park Non-native - -
Common Loon, Greater Common Loon Gavia immer Not In Park Native - -
Common Gallinule, Common Moorhen, Florida Gallinule Gallinula chloropus Not In Park Native - -
cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Present Native Uncommon
Common Raven, Northern Raven, Raven Corvus corax Present Native Uncommon
Chestnut-collared Longspur Calcarius ornatus Present Non-native Occasional
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present Native Common
Common Redpoll, Greater Redpoll, Mealy Redpoll Carduelis flammea Not In Park Native - -
Cliff Swallow, Eastern Cliff Swallow, Eave Swallow, Northern Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Present Native Occasional
common grackle Quiscalus quiscula Present Native Uncommon
Carolina Chickadee Poecile carolinensis Present Native Common
cerulean warbler Dendroica cerulea Present Native Rare
chestnut-sided warbler Dendroica pensylvanica Present Native Common
cape may warbler Dendroica tigrina Present Native Uncommon
common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Present Native Uncommon
connecticut warbler Oporornis agilis Present Native Occasional
canada warbler Wilsonia canadensis Present Native Common
carolina wren Thryothorus ludovicianus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Dickcissel Spiza americana Present Native Occasional
dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis Present Native Abundant
downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens Present Native Common
Double-crested Cormorant, Northern Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Goshawk, Goshawk, Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Present Native Occasional
Eastern Harlequin Duck, Harlequin Duck Histrionicus histrionicus Present Non-native Occasional
Eastern White-winged Scoter, White-winged Coot, White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca Present Native Occasional
Eastern Sooty Tern, Sooty Tern Sterna fuscata Not In Park Non-native - -
Eastern Willet, Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus Not In Park Native - -
Eastern Dowitcher, Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus Present Native Rare
Eastern Solitary Sandpiper, Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria Present Native Rare
Eastern Pigeon Hawk, Merlin, Pigeon Hawk Falco columbarius Present Native Occasional
Eurasian Treecreeper Certhia familiaris Not In Park Unknown - -
Eastern Lark Sparrow, Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus Not In Park Native - -
Eastern Savannah Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Present Native Rare
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Present Native Common
Eastern Snow Bunting, Snow Bunting, Snowflake Plectrophenax nivalis Present Native Occasional
Eastern Vesper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Present Native Uncommon
evening grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus Present Native Occasional
eastern meadowlark Sturnella magna Present Native Uncommon
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present Non-native Rare
eastern bluebird Sialia sialis Present Native Uncommon
eastern wood-pewee Contopus virens Present Native Common
eastern phoebe Sayornis phoebe Present Native Common
eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Green Heron, Green heron, Green-backed Heron Butorides virescens Present Native Rare
eastern screech-owl Megascops asio - - - - - -
Eastern Screech-Owl, Screech Owl Otus asio Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca Present Native Uncommon
field sparrow Spizella pusilla Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca Present Native Occasional
Greater Yellowlegs, Greater Yellow-legs Tringa melanoleuca Not In Park Native - -
grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum Present Native Rare
Golden-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia atricapilla Not In Park Unknown - -
gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis Present Native Uncommon
golden-winged warbler Vermivora chrysoptera Present Native Rare
golden-crowned kinglet Regulus satrapa Present Native Common
gray-cheeked thrush Catharus minimus Present Native Uncommon
great crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Present Native Uncommon
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present Native Uncommon
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus Present Native Rare
horned lark Eremophila alpestris Present Native Occasional
Henslow's sparrow Ammodramus henslowii Present Native Occasional
house finch Carpodacus mexicanus Present Non-native Rare
hooded warbler Wilsonia citrina Present Native Common
house sparrow Passer domesticus Present Non-native Rare
house wren Troglodytes aedon Present Native Rare
hermit thrush Catharus guttatus Present Native Uncommon
hairy woodpecker Picoides villosus Present Native Common
Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Killdeer, Northern Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Present Native Uncommon
King Rail, Northern King Rail Rallus elegans Not In Park Native - -
kentucky warbler Oporornis formosus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lesser Scaup, Lesser Scaup Duck Aythya affinis Present Native Occasional
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla Not In Park Native - -
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla Present Native Occasional
Lesser Yellowlegs, Lesser Yellow-legs Tringa flavipes Not In Park Native - -
Le Conte's Sparrow, LeConte's Sparrow Ammodramus leconteii Probably Present Native - -
Lincoln's Sparrow, Northern Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Present Native Rare
loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus Present Native Occasional
Louisana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla Present Native Common
Lawrence's warbler Vermivora lawrencei Not In Park Unknown - -
Lawrence's Warbler Vermivora lawrencii - - - - - -
Long-billed Marsh Wren, Marsh Wren, Prairie Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris Present Native Occasional
least flycatcher Empidonax minimus Present Native Uncommon
Little Blue Heron, Northern Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea Present Native Occasional
Least Bittern, Eastern Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis Present Native Occasional
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Common
magnolia warbler Dendroica magnolia Present Native Common
mourning warbler Oporornis philadelphia Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Present Native Uncommon
Northern shoveler, Shoveller Anas clypeata Not In Park Native - -
Northern Ruddy Duck, Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Present Native Occasional
Northern Phalarope, Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus Present Native Occasional
northern bobwhite Colinus virginianus Present Native Rare
Northern Virginia Rail, Virginia Rail Rallus limicola Not In Park Native - -
northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Present Native Common
northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Present Native Uncommon
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Present Native Rare
northern parula Parula americana Present Native Common
Northern Waterthrush, Northern Water-Thrush Seiurus noveboracensis Present Native Rare
nashville warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Present Native Uncommon
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present Native Uncommon
Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus Present Native Uncommon
Northern Short-eared Owl, Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
osprey Pandion haliaetus Present Native Rare
orchard oriole Icterus spurius Present Native Rare
Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla Present Native Abundant
orange-crowned warbler Vermivora celata Present Native Occasional
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus borealis Not In Park Unknown - -
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Passenger Pigeon Ectopistes migratorius Unconfirmed Native - -
Pheasant, Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Not In Park Non-native - -
Pine siskin Carduelis pinus Present Native Common
purple finch Carpodacus purpureus Present Native Uncommon
purple martin Progne subis Present Native Rare
prairie warbler Dendroica discolor Present Native Uncommon
palm warbler Dendroica palmarum Present Native Uncommon
pine warbler Dendroica pinus Present Native Uncommon
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea Not In Park Native - -
Philadelphia vireo Vireo philadelphicus Present Native Occasional
Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus Present Native Uncommon
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present Native Uncommon
red-shouldered hawk Buteo lineatus Present Native Uncommon
Redhead Aythya americana Present Native Occasional
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Present Native Rare
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator Not In Park Native - -
ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris Present Native Common
Ringed Plover, Semipalmated Plover, Semipalmated Ringed Plover Charadrius semipalmatus Present Native Occasional
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Present Native Occasional
Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius Not In Park Non-native - -
Ruff Philomachus pugnax Not In Park Non-native - -
rock dove Columba livia Present Non-native Occasional
Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquata Not In Park Unknown - -
rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus Present Native Common
Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra Present Native Uncommon
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Uncommon
rusty blackbird Euphagus carolinus Present Native Rare
ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula Present Native Uncommon
red-breasted nuthatch Sitta canadensis Present Native Common
red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus Present Native Abundant
red-bellied woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus Present Native Uncommon
red-headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Present Native Rare
Red-cockaded Woodpecker Picoides borealis Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sharp-shinned hawk Accipiter striatus Present Native Uncommon
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus Not In Park Native - -
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia Present Native Rare
Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla Probably Present Native - -
Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis Present Native Unknown
Sora Rail, Sora Porzana carolina Present Native Occasional
swamp sparrow Melospiza georgiana Present Native Uncommon
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Present Native Common
Swainson's warbler Limnothlypis swainsonii Present Native Rare
scarlet tanager Piranga olivacea Present Native Common
summer tanager Piranga rubra Present Native Rare
Sedge Wren, Short-billed Marsh Wren, Short-billed Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis Not In Park Native - -
swainson's thrush Catharus ustulatus Present Native Common
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Common
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Present Native Rare
tufted titmouse Baeolophus bicolor Present Native Common
tennessee warbler Vermivora peregrina Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
veery Catharus fuscescens Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Wood Duck Aix sponsa Present Native Uncommon
white-winged scoter Melanitta deglandi - - - - - -
whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus Present Native Uncommon
Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo Present Native Uncommon
Whooping Crane Grus americana Not In Park Non-native - -
white-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Present Native Common
white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Present Native Rare
White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera Not In Park Native - -
Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta Not In Park Unknown - -
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorus Present Native Common
wilson's warbler Wilsonia pusilla Present Native Occasional
white-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Present Native Common
winter wren Troglodytes troglodytes Present Native Common
wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina Present Native Common
willow flycatcher Empidonax traillii Present Native Occasional
warbling vireo Vireo gilvus Present Native Occasional
white-eyed vireo Vireo griseus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Present Native Uncommon
Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Unconfirmed Native - -
yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata Present Native Common
yellow-throated warbler Dendroica dominica Present Native Uncommon
yellow warbler Dendroica petechia Present Native Uncommon
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens Present Native Uncommon
yellow-bellied flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris Not In Park Native - -
yellow-throated vireo Vireo flavifrons Present Native Common
Yellow-crowned Night Heron, Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea Present Native Occasional
yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Present Native Uncommon

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Black Rat Snake Elaphe obsoleta obsoleta Present Native Common
black kingsnake Lampropeltis getula nigra Present Native Common
Blotched Watersnake Nerodia erythrogaster Not In Park Unknown - -
broadhead skink Eumeces laticeps Present Native Unknown
BOG TURTLE Clemmys muhlenbergii Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
corn snake Elaphe guttata guttata Present Native Common
Coal Skink Eumeces anthracinus Present Native Rare
Common Snapping Turtle Chelydra serpentina serpentina Present Native Common
Common Map Turtle Graptemys geographica Present Native Unknown
CUMBERLAND SLIDER Trachemys scripta troostii - - - - - -
common musk turtle Sternotherus odoratus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
EASTERN SLENDER GLASS LIZARD Ophisaurus attenuatus longicaudus Present Native Common
eastern worm snake Carphophis amoenus amoenus Present Native Common
eastern hognose snake Heterodon platirhinos Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Kingsnake Lampropeltis getula getula Present Native Common
Eastern Milk Snake Lampropeltis triangulum triangulum Present Native Uncommon
Eastern garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis Present Native Common
EASTERN EARTH SNAKE Virginia valeriae valeriae Present Native Common
Eastern Six-lined Racerunner Cnemidophorus sexlineatus sexlineatus Present Native Common
Eastern Painted Turtle Chrysemys picta picta Not In Park Unknown - -
Eastern Box Turtle Terrapene carolina carolina Present Native Common
EASTERN SPINY SOFTSHELL Apalone spinifera spinifera Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
five-lined skink Eumeces fasciatus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
ground skink Scincella lateralis Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
king snake Lampropeltis - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
MIDWEST WORM SNAKE Carphophis amoenus helenae Not In Park Unknown - -
Mole Kingsnake Lampropeltis calligaster rhombomaculata Present Native Uncommon
MIDLAND BROWN SNAKE Storeria dekayi wrightorum Present Native Common
MIDLAND PAINTED TURTLE Chrysemys picta marginata Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
NORTHERN SCARLET SNAKE Cemophora coccinea copei Present Native Rare
northern black racer Coluber constrictor constrictor Present Native Common
Northern Ringneck Snake Diadophis punctatus edwardsii Present Native Common
Northern Water Snake Nerodia sipedon sipedon Present Native Common
northern rough greensnake Opheodrys aestivus aestivus Present Native Common
NORTHERN PINE SNAKE Pituophis melanoleucus melanoleucus Present Native Uncommon
Northern Brown Snake Storeria dekayi dekayi Not In Park Unknown - -
Northern Red-bellied Snake Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata Present Native Common
northern fence lizard Sceloporus undulatus hyacinthinus Present Native Common
northern green anole Anolis carolinensis carolinensis Present Native Common
northern copperhead Agkistrodon contortrix mokasen Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ouachita Map Turtle Graptemys ouachitensis Not In Park Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
queen snake Regina septemvittata Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Red-eared Slider Trachemys scripta Not In Park Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Scarlet Kingsnake Lampropeltis triangulum elapsoides Not In Park Native - -
southeastern crowned snake Tantilla coronata Present Native Uncommon
SOUTHEASTERN FIVE-LINED SKINK Eumeces inexpectatus Present Native Rare
stripeneck musk turtle Sternotherus minor peltifer Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
timber rattlesnake Crotalus horridus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Yellow-bellied Water Snake Nerodia erythrogaster flavigaster Not In Park Unknown - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bullfrog Rana catesbeiana Present Native Common
Blackbelly salamander Desmognathus quadramaculatus Present Native Common
Brook Salamanders Eurycea - - - - - -
Blue Ridge Red salamander Pseudotriton ruber nitidus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Cope's gray treefrog Hyla chrysoscelis Present Native Uncommon
Common Frog, Leopard Frog, Meadow Frog, Northern Leopard Frog Rana pipiens Not In Park Native - -
cave salamander Eurycea lucifuga Present Native Rare
Common Mudpuppy Necturus maculosus maculosus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern American Toad Bufo americanus americanus Present Native Common
Eastern Cricket Frog, Northern Cricket Frog Acris crepitans crepitans Not In Park Native - -
eastern narrowmouth toad Gastrophryne carolinensis Present Native Rare
EASTERN SPADEFOOT Scaphiopus holbrookii holbrookii Present Native Rare
EASTERN HELLBENDER Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis Present Native Rare
Eastern Red-backed Salamander, Northern Redback Salamander, Red-backed Salamander Plethodon cinereus Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Mud Salamander Pseudotriton montanus montanus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fowler's toad Bufo fowleri Present Native Uncommon
FROG, GREEN Rana clamitans melanota Present Native Common
Four-toed Salamander Hemidactylium scutatum Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Gray Treefrog, Rain Toad, Tree Toad Hyla versicolor Not In Park Native - -
GREEN SALAMANDER Aneides aeneus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Imitator Salamander Desmognathus imitator Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Jordan's salamander Plethodon jordani Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Longtail Salamander, Long-tailed Salamander Eurycea longicauda longicauda Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
MOUNTAIN CHORUS FROG Pseudacris brachyphona Not In Park Native - -
marbled salamander Ambystoma opacum Present Native Rare
mole salamander Ambystoma talpoideum Present Native Rare
Mud Salamander Pseudotriton montanus - - - - - -
MIDLAND MUD SALAMANDER Pseudotriton montanus diastictus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Northern Spring Peeper Pseudacris crucifer crucifer Present Native Uncommon
Northern Two-lined Salamander, Two-lined Salamander Eurycea bislineata Not In Park Native - -
northern spring salamander Gyrinophilus porphyriticus Present Native Common
northern zigzag salamander Plethodon dorsalis Unconfirmed Native - -
northern slimy salamander Plethodon glutinosus Present Native Common
Northern Red Salamander Pseudotriton ruber ruber Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ocoee Salamander Desmognathus ocoee Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pickerel frog Rana palustris Present Native Uncommon
pigmy salamander, pygmy salamander Desmognathus wrighti Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-spotted newt Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
southern leopard frog Rana sphenocephala Not In Park Native - -
spotted salamander Ambystoma maculatum Present Native Uncommon
Seepage Salamander Desmognathus aeneus Present Native Rare
Spotted Dusky Salamander Desmognathus conanti Present Native Common
Shovel-nosed Salamander Desmognathus marmoratus Present Native Uncommon
SEAL SALAMANDER Desmognathus monticola Present Native Common
Santleetlah Dusky Salamander Desmognathus santeetlah Present Native Uncommon
southern two-lined salamander Eurycea cirrigera Not In Park Native - -
Southern Gray-cheeked Salamander Plethodon metcalfi Present Native Uncommon
Southern Appalachian Salamander Plethodon oconaluftee Present Native Uncommon
Southern Red-backed Salamander Plethodon serratus Present Native Common
Southern Zigzag Salamander Plethodon ventralis Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
three-lined salamander Eurycea guttolineata Present Native Rare
Two-lined salamander Eurycea wilderae Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
upland chorus frog Pseudacris feriarum feriarum Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
western chorus frog Pseudacris triseriata Not In Park Native - -
wood frog Rana sylvatica Present Native Common
Woodland Salamanders Plethodon - - - - - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American brook lamprey Lampetra appendix Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
brook silverside Labidesthes sicculus Present Native Rare
black redhorse Moxostoma duquesnei Present Native Common
blacktail shiner Cyprinella venusta Not In Park Unknown - -
BIGEYE CHUB Hybopsis amblops Present Native Uncommon
Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus Present Native Uncommon
black crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus Present Native Unknown
bluebreast darter Etheostoma camurum Not In Park Unknown - -
Bloodfin Darter Etheostoma sanguifluum Not In Park Unknown - -
banded darter Etheostoma zonale Present Native Rare
BLOTCHSIDE LOGPERCH Percina burtoni Not In Park Native - -
Brown Trout, Loch Leven Brown Trout, Scotch Sea-trout Salmo trutta Present Non-native Common
Brook Trout, Native Brook Trout Salvelinus fontinalis Present Native Uncommon
BANDED SCULPIN Cottus carolinae Present Native Common
black bullhead Ameiurus melas Not In Park Native - -
blue catfish Ictalurus furcatus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Sucker, White Sucker Catostomus commersoni Present Native Uncommon
central stoneroller Campostoma anomalum Present Native Common
common carp Cyprinus carpio Present Non-native Unknown
Common Shiner Luxilus cornutus Not In Park Unknown - -
creek chub Semotilus atromaculatus Present Native Rare
Common Sunfish, Pumpkinseed, Pumpkinseed Sunfish Lepomis gibbosus Not In Park Native - -
chestnut lamprey Ichthyomyzon castaneus Not In Park Unknown - -
Channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
emerald shiner Notropis atherinoides Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
FLAME CHUB Hemitremia flammea Present Native Rare
fatlips minnow Phenacobius crassilabrum Present Native Rare
fantail darter Etheostoma flabellare Present Native Occasional
freshwater drum Aplodinotus grunniens Not In Park Native - -
flathead catfish Pylodictis olivaris Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
gizzard shad Dorosoma cepedianum Present Native Uncommon
golden redhorse Moxostoma erythrurum Present Native Uncommon
goldfish Carassius auratus Present Non-native Rare
Green Sunfish Lepomis cyanellus Present Native Rare
greenside darter Etheostoma blennioides Present Native Common
greenfin darter Etheostoma chlorobranchium Present Native Common
gilt darter Percina evides Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Kamloops Trout, Rainbow Trout, Steelhead Trout, Steel-head Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
largescale stoneroller Campostoma oligolepis Present Native Common
longnose dace Rhinichthys cataractae Present Native Common
longear sunfish Lepomis megalotis Not In Park Native - -
Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides Present Native Rare
logperch Percina caprodes Present Native Rare
longhead darter Percina macrocephala Not In Park Unknown - -
longnose gar Lepisosteus osseus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mirror shiner Notropis spectrunculus Present Native Uncommon
mimic shiner Notropis volucellus Not In Park Native - -
mountain redbelly dace Phoxinus oreas Not In Park Unknown - -
Mosquitofish Gambusia holbrooki Present Native Rare
muskellunge Esox masquinongy Not In Park Native - -
mountain brook lamprey Ichthyomyzon greeleyi Present Native Rare
mottled sculpin Cottus bairdi Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern hog sucker Hypentelium nigricans Present Native Common
northern studfish Fundulus catenatus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Orangespotted Sunfish Lepomis humilis Not In Park Unknown - -
olive darter Percina squamata Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
POPEYE SHINER Notropis ariommus Not In Park Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
RIVER REDHORSE Moxostoma carinatum Present Native Rare
rosyside dace Clinostomus funduloides Present Native Uncommon
river chub Nocomis micropogon Present Native Common
rosyface shiner Notropis rubellus Not In Park Native - -
rock bass Ambloplites rupestris Present Native Common
Redbreast Sunfish Lepomis auritus Present Non-native Uncommon
redear sunfish Lepomis microlophus Present Native Unknown
redline darter Etheostoma rufilineatum Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
shorthead redhorse Moxostoma macrolepidotum Present Native Rare
spotfin shiner Cyprinella spiloptera Not In Park Native - -
spotfin chub Erimonax monachus Present Native Uncommon
striped shiner Luxilus chrysocephalus Present Native Rare
silver shiner Notropis photogenis Present Native Rare
saffron shiner Notropis rubricroceus Present Native Common
stargazing minnow Phenacobius uranops Not In Park Native - -
Small Mouthed Black-bass, Smallmouth Bass, Small-mouthed Bass Micropterus dolomieu Present Native Common
spotted bass Micropterus punctulatus Present Native Rare
SNUBNOSE DARTER Etheostoma simoterum Present Native Uncommon
speckled darter Etheostoma stigmaeum Not In Park Unknown - -
Swannanoa darter Etheostoma swannanoa Present Native Rare
- - Stizostedion canadense Not In Park Native - -
stonecat Noturus flavus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
TENNESSEE SHINER Notropis leuciodus Present Native Common
TELESCOPE SHINER Notropis telescopus Present Native Uncommon
tangerine darter Percina aurantiaca Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
whitetail shiner Cyprinella galactura Present Native Uncommon
warpaint shiner Luxilus coccogenis Present Native Common
western blacknose dace Rhinichthys obtusus Present Native Common
western mosquitofish Gambusia affinis Not In Park Non-native - -
warmouth Lepomis gulosus Present Native Rare
white bass Morone chrysops Present Native Unknown
wounded darter Etheostoma vulneratum Present Native - -
walleye Stizostedion vitreum Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Yellow Perch Perca flavescens Present Native Unknown
yellow bullhead Ameiurus natalis Present Native Rare
yellowfin madtom Noturus flavipinnis Present Native Rare

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American water plantain, southern water plantain, waterplaintain Alisma subcordatum Present Native Rare
Arrowhead Sagittaria latifolia var. pubescens Present Native Rare
arrow-arum Peltandra virginica Not In Park Native - -
Angelica Angelica triquinata Present Native Common
American ginseng Panax quinquefolius Present Native Uncommon
American holly Ilex opaca Present Native Common
asparagus Asparagus officinalis Present Non-native Rare
American lily of the valley, American lily-of-the-valley Convallaria majuscula Present Native Rare
Adam's needle Yucca filamentosa Present Native Uncommon
autumn coral-root Corallorhiza odontorhiza - - - - - -
autumn coralroot Corallorrhiza odontorhiza Present Native Uncommon
annual ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia Present Native Common
Atkinson's tickseed, golden tickseed, plains coreopsis, plains tickseed Coreopsis tinctoria Present Non-native Rare
atlantic coreopsis Coreopsis tripteris Present Native Rare
American burnweed Erechtites hieraciifolia var. hieraciifolia Present Native Uncommon
ashy sunflower Helianthus mollis Not In Park Native - -
annual marsh elder, annual marshelder, annual marsh-elder, seacoast sumpweed Iva annua Present Native Rare
Appalachian gayfeather Liatris squarrulosa Present Native Uncommon
Atlantic goldenrod Solidago arguta Present Native Common
Atlantic goldenrod Solidago arguta var. arguta - - - - - -
Atlantic goldenrod Solidago arguta var. caroliniana - - - - - -
autumn goldenrod Solidago sphacelata Present Native Rare
aromatic aster Symphyotrichum oblongifolium Present Native Rare
American bellflower Campanulastrum americanum Present Native Uncommon
American boxwood Buxus sempervirens Present Non-native Uncommon
Allegheny Spurge Pachysandra procumbens Present Native Rare
American pokeweed, common pokeweed, inkberry, pigeonberry, poke, pokeberry, pokeweed Phytolacca americana Present Native Uncommon
American bittersweet Celastrus scandens Present Native Rare
Asiatic dayflower Commelina communis Present Non-native Uncommon
ashy hydrangea Hydrangea cinerea Present Native Rare
American bladdernut Staphylea trifolia Present Native Rare
air potato Dioscorea oppositifolia Present Non-native Uncommon
arrowwood, arrow-wood viburnum, southern arrowwood Viburnum dentatum Present Native Rare
arrowwood viburnum Viburnum rafinesquianum Not In Park Native - -
arrow-wood Viburnum recognitum Not In Park Native - -
American Fly Honeysuckle Lonicera canadensis Present Native Rare
Amur honeysuckle Lonicera maackii Present Non-native Rare
American twinflower, northern twinflower, twinflower Linnaea borealis Not In Park Native - -
azaleas, rhododendron Rhododendron - - - - - -
Appalachian loosestrife, southern yellow loosestrife Lysimachia tonsa Present Native Rare
American hogpeanut Amphicarpaea bracteata Present Native Abundant
Atlantic pigeonwings, butterfly-pea, pigeonwings Clitoria mariana Present Native Uncommon
arrow crotalaria, arrowhead rattlebox Crotalaria sagittalis Not In Park Native - -
Alfalfa, Lucerne Medicago sativa Present Non-native Unknown
American wild sensitive plant Senna hebecarpa Present Native Rare
ashleaf goldenbanner Thermopsis fraxinifolia Present Native Rare
Aaron's rod Thermopsis villosa Present Native Rare
Alsike, Alsatian Clover Trifolium hybridum Present Non-native Uncommon
Atlantic Wisteria Wisteria frutescens Present Native Rare
American hornbeam Carpinus caroliniana Present Native Abundant
American hazelnut Corylus americana Present Native Uncommon
American chestnut Castanea dentata Present Native Uncommon
Allegheny Chinquapin Castanea pumila Present Native Rare
American beech Fagus grandifolia Present Native Abundant
angularfruit milkvine Matelea gonocarpos Present Native Rare
American columbo Frasera caroliniensis Present Native Rare
azure bluet Houstonia caerulea Present Native Rare
alfilaria Erodium cicutarium Present Non-native Rare
Appalachian bristle fern Trichomanes boschianum Not In Park Native - -
Appalachian quillwort, Engelmann's quillwort Isoetes engelmannii Present Native Rare
American waterwillow Justicia americana Present Native Uncommon
American beautyberry Callicarpa americana Present Native Rare
American Pennyroyal Hedeoma pulegioides Present Native Uncommon
apple mint, bigleaf mint, mint Mentha suaveolens Not In Park Unknown - -
American germander Teucrium canadense var. canadense - - - - - -
American squawroot Conopholis americana Present Native Common
Allegheny monkey-flower Mimulus ringens Present Native Rare
American lopseed Phryma leptostachya Present Native Uncommon
Appalachian bunchflower Melanthium parviflorum Present Native Common
Alpine Clubmoss Huperzia appalachiana Present Native Rare
American dog violet Viola conspersa Present Native Uncommon
arrowleaf violet, arrow-leaved violet Viola sagittata - - - - - -
arrowleaf violet Viola sagittata var. sagittata Present Native Common
American basswood Tilia americana - - - - - -
American basswood Tilia americana var. americana Present Native Rare
American basswood Tilia americana var. heterophylla Present Native Abundant
American waterlily, American white waterlily, white waterlily Nymphaea odorata Not In Park Non-native - -
Alabama grapefern, Dixie grapefern Botrychium jenmanii Not In Park Native - -
Atlantic Sedge Carex atlantica - - - - - -
Atlantic sedge, prickly bog sedge Carex atlantica ssp. atlantica Present Native Rare
Awl Sedge Carex stipata Present Native Uncommon
autumn fimbry Fimbristylis autumnalis Present Native Rare
American Great Bulrush Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani Present Native Rare
arctic bentgrass, northern bentgrass Agrostis mertensii Present Native Rare
awnless brome, smooth brome Bromus inermis Present Non-native Rare
arctic brome Bromus kalmii Not In Park Native - -
arctic reedgrass Calamagrostis coarctata Not In Park Native - -
American beakgrain Diarrhena americana Not In Park Native - -
annual bluegrass Poa annua Present Non-native Rare
autumn bluegrass Poa autumnalis Present Native Uncommon
Appalachian polypody Polypodium appalachianum Present Native Uncommon
Alabama lipfern Cheilanthes alabamensis Present Native Rare
Appalachian shoestring fern Vittaria appalachiana Present Native Rare
asplenium ladyfern Athyrium filix-femina ssp. asplenioides Present Native Abundant
American sycamore Platanus occidentalis Present Native Common
American Barberry, Canadian or Allegheny Barberry Berberis canadensis Not In Park Native - -
Allegheny vine, climbing fumitory, mountain-fringe Adlumia fungosa Present Native Rare
American bugbane Actaea podocarpa Present Native Uncommon
Allegheny Mountain buttercup Ranunculus allegheniensis Present Native Rare
autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata Not In Park Non-native - -
Agrimony Agrimonia gryposepala Present Native Uncommon
Avens Geum canadense Present Native Uncommon
American plum Prunus americana Present Native Rare
Arkansas rose, prairie rose, prairie wildrose, wild rose Rosa arkansana Not In Park Native - -
American Mountain Ash Sorbus americana Present Native Uncommon
Appalachian Spiraea Spiraea virginiana Present Native Rare
Appalachian barren strawberry Waldsteinia fragarioides ssp. doniana Present Native Rare
American elm Ulmus americana Present Native Common
Appalachian false goat's beard Astilbe biternata Present Native Common
alum-root Heuchera americana Present Native Common
Apple-of-Peru Nicandra physalodes Present Non-native Uncommon
American nightshade Solanum ptychanthum Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Brazilian watermeal Wolffia brasiliensis Present Native Rare
brittle waternymph Najas minor Not In Park Native - -
Bigleaf Pondweed Potamogeton amplifolius Present Native Rare
Butler's sand parsley Ammoselinum butleri Not In Park Native - -
blueflower eryngo, simpleleaf eryngo Eryngium integrifolium Not In Park Native - -
button eryngo, button snakeroot, Yuccaleaf eryngo Eryngium yuccifolium Present Native Rare
Black Snakeroot, Sanicle Sanicula marilandica Present Native Uncommon
broadleaf wild leek Allium ampeloprasum Present Non-native Rare
blackberry lily Belamcanda chinensis Present Non-native Rare
brown widelip orchid Liparis liliifolia Present Native Uncommon
bearded beggarticks Bidens aristosa Present Non-native Uncommon
Beggar Ticks, Stick-tight Bidens frondosa Present Native Uncommon
Batchelor's Buttons Centaurea cyanus Present Non-native Rare
Black knapweed Centaurea nigra Not In Park Non-native - -
bull thistle Cirsium vulgare Present Non-native Uncommon
blue mistflower Conoclinium coelestinum Present Native Uncommon
burnweed Erechtites hieracifolia - - - - - -
blue mistflower Eupatorium coelestinum - - - - - -
bigleaf aster Eurybia macrophylla Present Native Uncommon
bitter sneezeweed, yellowdicks Helenium amarum Present Native Rare
blackeyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta - - - - - -
Black-eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima Present Non-native Abundant
browneyed Susan Rudbeckia triloba Present Native Uncommon
blowball, common dandelion, dandelion, faceclock Taraxacum officinale Present Non-native Abundant
blue houndstongue, wild comfrey Cynoglossum virginianum Present Native Uncommon
beggarslice Hackelia virginiana Present Native Rare
bluntleaf waterleaf Hydrophyllum canadense Present Native Common
Blue Ridge Bittercress Cardamine flagellifera Present Native Rare
branching draba Draba ramosissima Present Native Rare
bog marshcress, bog yellowcress, common yellowcress, marsh yellowcress, marshcress, yellow watercress Rorippa palustris - - - - - -
bog yellowcress Rorippa palustris ssp. palustris Not In Park Native - -
big chickweed Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare Present Non-native Uncommon
bouncingbet Saponaria officinalis Present Non-native Uncommon
Bladder Campion Silene vulgaris Present Non-native Rare
Bog Chickweed Stellaria alsine Present Native Rare
Buckwheat Fagopyrum esculentum Not In Park Non-native - -
bristled knotweed Polygonum caespitosum - - - - - -
black bindweed Polygonum convolvulus Present Non-native Rare
bog smartweed Polygonum setaceum Not In Park Native - -
bitter doc Rumex obtusifolius Present Non-native Uncommon
burningbush, winged burning bush, winged euonymus, winged spindletree Euonymus alatus Present Non-native Rare
burningbush, eastern burningbush, eastern wahoo, wahoo Euonymus atropurpureus - - - - - -
bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort Tradescantia ohiensis Present Native Rare
blackgum Nyssa sylvatica Present Native Abundant
BUR CUCUMBER, oneseed burr cucumber Sicyos angulatus Present Native Rare
blackhaw Viburnum prunifolium Present Native Rare
blueleaf honeysuckle Lonicera korolkowii Present Non-native Rare
Bush Honeysuckle Diervilla lonicera Present Native Rare
beaked cornsalad Valerianella radiata Present Native Common
beetleweed Galax urceolata Present Native Abundant
Black Huckleberry Gaylussacia baccata Present Native Uncommon
bear huckleberry Gaylussacia ursina Present Native Common
blueberry Vaccinium fuscatum Not In Park Native - -
Blue Ridge blueberry Vaccinium pallidum Present Native Abundant
bigleaf snowbell Styrax grandifolius Not In Park Native - -
bastard indigo Amorpha fruticosa Present Native Uncommon
butterfly-pea Centrosema virginianum Present Native Rare
Beggar lice, Beggar's ticks Desmodium viridiflorum Present Native Rare
Birdsfoot Trefoil Lotus corniculatus Present Non-native Rare
Black Medick Medicago lupulina Present Non-native Rare
bristly locust Robinia hispida var. hispida Present Native Uncommon
bristly locust Robinia hispida var. rosea Present Native Rare
black locust Robinia pseudoacacia Present Native Abundant
bitter milkwort, racemed milkwort Polygala polygama Present Native Rare
black birch, sweet birch Betula lenta Present Native Uncommon
Beaked Hazelnut Corylus cornuta Present Native Rare
blackjack oak Quercus marilandica Present Native Rare
black oak Quercus velutina Present Native Common
bitternut hickory Carya cordiformis Present Native Common
butternut Juglans cinerea Present Native Rare
black walnut Juglans nigra Present Native Uncommon
bluntleaf milkweed, blunt-leaved milkweed, clasping milkweed, sand milkweed Asclepias amplexicaulis Present Native Rare
butterfly milkweed Asclepias tuberosa Present Native Uncommon
Bottle Gentian, CLOSED GENTIAN Gentiana decora Present Native Common
Bitter-bloom, Rose pink Sabatia angularis Present Native Uncommon
buttonweed Diodia teres Present Native Uncommon
bedstraw Galium tinctorium Present Native Uncommon
BLUETS, Creeping Bluets Houstonia serpyllifolia Present Native Common
blue fieldmadder Sherardia arvensis Present Non-native Rare
beefsteakplant Perilla frutescens Present Non-native Uncommon
Beadle's mountainmint Pycnanthemum beadlei Not In Park Native - -
broad-toothed hedgenettle, HEDGE NETTLE Stachys latidens Present Native Uncommon
blue curls, forked bluecurls Trichostema dichotomum Present Native Rare
blue ash Fraxinus quadrangulata Not In Park Native - -
beechdrops Epifagus virginiana Present Native Common
Butter-and-eggs Linaria vulgaris Present Non-native Rare
Blue toadflax Nuttallanthus canadensis Present Native Rare
blackseed plantain Plantago rugelii Present Native Common
blue water speedwell, water speedwell Veronica anagallis-aquatica Present Native Rare
bird-eye speedwell Veronica persica Present Non-native Rare
Brazilian vervain Verbena brasiliensis Present Non-native Rare
Bluebead Lily Clintonia borealis Present Native Common
bunch flower, slender bunchflower Melanthium latifolium Present Native Rare
bashful wakerobin Trillium catesbaei Present Native Common
beargrass Xerophyllum asphodeloides Not In Park Native - -
Biltmore's carrionflower Smilax biltmoreana Present Native Unknown
bristly greenbrier Smilax tamnoides Present Native Uncommon
Bristly Clubmoss Lycopodium annotinum Not In Park Native - -
Bristly Clubmoss Lycopodium clavatum Present Native Uncommon
Big-leaf Magnolia Magnolia macrophylla Present Native Rare
Buckley's St. Johnswort Hypericum buckleii Not In Park Native - -
Bushy St. Johnswort Hypericum densiflorum Present Native Rare
Blue Ridge St. John's-wort, St. John's wort, St. John's-wort Hypericum mitchellianum Present Native Rare
balsam poplar Populus balsamifera ssp. balsamifera Present Non-native Rare
black cottonwood, black poplar, Lombardy's poplar Populus nigra Present Non-native Rare
balm-of-Gilead Populus X jackii Not In Park Native - -
black willow Salix nigra Present Native Uncommon
birdfoot violet Viola pedata Present Native Uncommon
broadleaf enchanter's nightshade Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis Present Native Common
bluntlobe grapefern Botrychium oneidense Present Native Rare
Bailey's Sedge Carex baileyi Present Native Rare
Barratt's sedge Carex barrattii Not In Park Native - -
BILTMORE SEDGE, stiff sedge Carex biltmoreana Present