Montezuma Castle National Monument Park

Rank: 133

Park Description

Today we gaze through the windows of the past into one of the best preserved cliff dwellings in North America. This 20 room high-rise apartment, nestled into a towering limestone cliff, tells a story of ingenuity, survival and ultimately, prosperity in an unforgiving desert landscape. Come marvel at this enduring legacy of the Sinagua culture and reveal a people surprisingly similar to ourselves.

Park Address

Montezuma Castle National Monument P. O. Box 219

Camp Verde, , 86322

Montezuma Castle National Monument Park Activites




Species in Montezuma Castle National Monument Park by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in Montezuma Castle National Monument Park. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Allen's Big-eared Bat Idionycteris phyllotis Present Native Unknown
American Beaver, Beaver, Canadian Beaver Castor canadensis Present Native Unknown
Arizona Pocket Mouse Perognathus amplus Present Native Uncommon
Arizona cotton rat Sigmodon arizonae Probably Present Native - -
Arizona Gray Squirrel Sciurus arizonensis Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bobcat Lynx rufus Present Native Common
badger Taxidea taxus Present Native Uncommon
Black Bear Ursus americanus Present Native Uncommon
big free-tailed bat Nyctinomops macrotis Present Native Unknown
Brazilian Free-tailed Bat Tadarida brasiliensis Present Native Common
big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus Present Native Abundant
Bat Myotis - - - - - -
black-tailed jack rabbit, Black-tailed Jackrabbit Lepus californicus Present Native Uncommon
Botta's Pocket Gopher Thomomys bottae Present Native Unknown
Brush Mouse Peromyscus boylii Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
coyote Canis latrans Present Native Common
common gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus Present Native Common
Cougar, mountain lion, Puma Puma concolor Present Native Common
common otter, North American River Otter, northern river otter, river otter Lontra canadensis Present Native Rare
California Myotis Myotis californicus Present Native Unknown
cave myotis Myotis velifer Present Native Unknown
Common Muskrat, Muskrat, Musquash, Water Rat Ondatra zibethicus Present Native Common
Cactus Mouse Peromyscus eremicus Present Native Common
Cliff Chipmunk Tamias dorsalis Present Native Uncommon
Crawford's Gray Shrew, Desert Shrew, gray shrew Notiosorex crawfordi Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
domestic cat, house cat Felis silvestris Present Non-native Uncommon
desert cottontail Sylvilagus audubonii Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
elk, Red Deer (see comments), wapiti, wapiti or elk Cervus elaphus Present Native Common
Eastern Spotted Skunk, spotted skunk Spilogale putorius Present Native Uncommon
eastern red bat Lasiurus borealis Present Native Unknown
Eastern Small-footed Myotis, Small-footed Myotis Myotis leibii Present Native Unknown
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
fringed myotis Myotis thysanodes Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Golden-mantled Ground Squirrel Spermophilus lateralis Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hog-nosed skunk, western hog-nosed skunk Conepatus mesoleucus Present Native Uncommon
Hooded Skunk Mephitis macroura Probably Present Native - -
hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus Present Native Uncommon
Hedgehog, Porcupine Erethizon dorsatum Present Native Unknown
hispid pocket mouse Chaetodipus hispidus Probably Present Native - -
house mouse Mus musculus Present Non-native Unknown
Harris' antelope squirrel, Harris's Antelope Squirrel Ammospermophilus harrisii Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Javelina Pecari tajacu Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
little brown bat Myotis lucifugus Present Native Unknown
Long-legged Myotis Myotis volans Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mule deer Odocoileus hemionus Present Native Abundant
Mexican woodrat Neotoma mexicana Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ocelot Leopardus pardalis Unconfirmed Native - -
Ord's kangaroo rat Dipodomys ordii Present Native Common
orthern grasshopper mouse Onychomys leucogaster Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pronghorn, Pronghorn Antilocapra americana Probably Present Native - -
Pocketed Free-tailed Bat Nyctinomops femorosaccus Present Native Unknown
pallid bat Antrozous pallidus Present Native Unknown
prairie deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus Present Native Uncommon
Pinon Mouse Peromyscus truei Present Native Uncommon
plains harvest mouse Reithrodontomys montanus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ringtail Bassariscus astutus Present Native Common
raccoon Procyon lotor Present Native Common
Rock Pocket Mouse Chaetodipus intermedius Present Native Unknown
Rock Squirrel Spermophilus variegatus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis Present Native Common
Spotted Bat Euderma maculatum Present Native Unknown
silver-haired bat Lasionycteris noctivagans Probably Present Native - -
southwestern myotis Myotis auriculus Present Native Unknown
Stephens's woodrat Neotoma stephensi Present Native Common
southern grasshopper mouse Onychomys torridus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Townsend's big-eared bat Plecotus townsendii Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Present Native Common
White-nosed Coati Nasua narica Probably Present Native - -
Western Bonneted Bat Eumops perotis Probably Present Native - -
Western Red Bat Lasiurus blossevillii Present Native Uncommon
Western Pipistrelle Pipistrellus hesperus Present Native Unknown
white-throated woodrat Neotoma albigula Present Native Common
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Present Native Unknown
western harvest mouse Reithrodontomys megalotis Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Yuma Myotis Myotis yumanensis Present Native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Golden Eagle, Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos Present Native Rare
American Rough-legged Hawk, Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus Unconfirmed Native - -
American Pintail, Northern Pintail, Pintail Anas acuta Present Native Occasional
American Wigeon, Baldpate Anas americana Present Native Occasional
American Golden-eye, Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula Probably Present Native - -
American Merganser, Common Merganser Mergus merganser Present Native Uncommon
Anna's Hummingbird Calypte anna Present Native Uncommon
American Black Tern, Black Tern Chlidonias niger Unconfirmed Native - -
American Avocet, Avocet Recurvirostra americana Unconfirmed Native - -
American Peregrine Falcon, Duck Hawk, Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Present Native Uncommon
american kestrel Falco sparverius Present Native Uncommon
American Coot, Northern American Coot Fulica americana Present Native Occasional
american crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Unconfirmed Native - -
Abert's Towhee Pipilo aberti Present Native Uncommon
american tree sparrow Spizella arborea Unconfirmed Native - -
american goldfinch Carduelis tristis Present Native Rare
American Pipit, American Water Pipit, Water Pipit Anthus rubescens Present Native Rare
american robin Turdus migratorius Present Native Uncommon
Ash-throated Flycatcher Myiarchus cinerascens Present Native Common
Arkansas Kingbird, Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis Present Native Uncommon
American Egret, Common Egret?, Great Egret Ardea alba Present Native Rare
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus Unconfirmed Native - -
American White Pelican, White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Unconfirmed Native - -
Acorn Woodpecker Melanerpes formicivorus Unconfirmed Native - -
American Long-eared Owl, Long-eared Owl Asio otus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Bald Eagle, Northern Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Unconfirmed Native - -
black vulture Coragyps atratus Unconfirmed Native - -
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Present Native Rare
Bufflehead, Buffle-head Bucephala albeola Present Native Occasional
Blue Goose, Snow Goose Chen caerulescens Present Native Occasional
Black-chinned Hummingbird Archilochus alexandri Present Native Common
Blue-throated Hummingbird Lampornis clemenciae Unconfirmed Native - -
Broad-tailed Hummingbird Selasphorus platycercus Present Native Common
Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola Unconfirmed Native - -
Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia Unconfirmed Native - -
Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus Unconfirmed Native - -
Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii Present Native Occasional
Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon Present Native Occasional
Bushtit Psaltriparus minimus Present Native Uncommon
Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea Present Native Uncommon
Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus Present Native Uncommon
Brown Creeper Certhia americana Present Native Uncommon
Black-throated Sparrow Amphispiza bilineata Present Native Uncommon
Brown Towhee, Canyon Towhee Pipilo fuscus Present Native Uncommon
Black-chinned Sparrow Spizella atrogularis Present Native Uncommon
Brewer's Sparrow Spizella breweri Present Native Common
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Uncommon
Bank Swallow, Common Bank Swallow Riparia riparia Present Native Uncommon
Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus Present Native Uncommon
Bullock's Oriole Icterus bullockii Present Native Common
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Unconfirmed Native - -
Bronzed Cowbird Molothrus aeneus Present Native Uncommon
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Native Common
Bendire's Thrasher Toxostoma bendirei Unconfirmed Native - -
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Unconfirmed Native - -
Bridled titmouse Baeolophus wollweberi Present Native Uncommon
black-throated blue warbler Dendroica caerulescens Unconfirmed Native - -
Black-throated Gray Warbler Dendroica nigrescens Present Native Uncommon
blue-gray gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Present Native Common
Black-tailed Gnatcatcher Polioptila melanura Present Native Rare
Bewick's Wren, Eastern Bewick's Wren Thryomanes bewickii Present Native Common
Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus Present Native Common
Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans Present Native Uncommon
Bell's Vireo Vireo bellii Present Native Uncommon
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius Present Native Uncommon
Black-crowned Night Heron, Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Present Native Rare
Barn Owl, North American Barn Owl Tyto alba Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
cooper's hawk Accipiter cooperii Present Native Uncommon
Common Black-Hawk Buteogallus anthracinus Present Native Uncommon
Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera Present Native Occasional
Common Mallard, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Present Native Uncommon
Common White-fronted Goose, Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons Present Native Occasional
Canvasback Aythya valisineria Present Native Occasional
Canada Goose, Eastern Canada Goose Branta canadensis Present Native Occasional
Costa's Hummingbird Calypte costae Present Native Rare
Calliope Hummingbird Stellula calliope Present Native Rare
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor Present Native Uncommon
Common Poorwill Phalaenoptilus nuttallii Present Native Uncommon
California Gull Larus californicus Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Snipe, Wilson's Common Snipe, Wilson's Snipe Gallinago gallinago Present Native Occasional
Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina Unconfirmed Native - -
Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Loon, Greater Common Loon Gavia immer Present Native Occasional
Common Gallinule, Common Moorhen, Florida Gallinule Gallinula chloropus Unconfirmed Native - -
Clapper Rail, Northern Clapper Rail Rallus longirostris Not In Park Non-native - -
cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Present Native Uncommon
Common Raven, Northern Raven, Raven Corvus corax Present Native Common
Chestnut-collared Longspur Calcarius ornatus Unconfirmed Native - -
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present Native Common
Cassin's Finch Carpodacus cassinii Present Native Uncommon
Cliff Swallow, Eastern Cliff Swallow, Eave Swallow, Northern Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Present Native Common
common grackle Quiscalus quiscula Unconfirmed Native - -
Crissal Thrasher Toxostoma crissale Present Native Uncommon
Curve-billed Thrasher Toxostoma curvirostre Present Native Uncommon
common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Present Native Rare
Cactus Wren Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus Present Native Uncommon
Canyon Wren Catherpes mexicanus Present Native Common
Cassin's Kingbird Tyrannus vociferans Present Native Uncommon
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis Present Native Common
- - Dendroica coronata auduboni - - - - - -
Dusky Flycatcher Empidonax oberholseri Present Native Uncommon
Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer Present Native Rare
downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens Unconfirmed Native - -
Double-crested Cormorant, Northern Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Goshawk, Goshawk, Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Present Native Occasional
Eurasian Wigeon, European Widgeon, Widgeon Anas penelope Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Eastern Willet, Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus Present Native Occasional
Eastern Solitary Sandpiper, Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria Present Native Rare
Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto Present Non-native Uncommon
Eastern Pigeon Hawk, Merlin, Pigeon Hawk Falco columbarius Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Lark Sparrow, Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Savannah Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Vesper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Present Native Uncommon
evening grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus Present Native Occasional
eastern meadowlark Sturnella magna Present Native Rare
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present Non-native Uncommon
Empidonax Flycatchers Empidonax - - - - - -
Eastern Green Heron, Green heron, Green-backed Heron Butorides virescens Present Native Rare
Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis Unconfirmed Native - -
Elf Owl Micrathene whitneyi Present Native Uncommon
Elegant Trogon Trogon elegans Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis Present Native Occasional
Franklin's Gull Larus pipixcan Unconfirmed Native - -
Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri Unconfirmed Native - -
Florida Scrub Jay, Florida Scrub-Jay, Scrub Jay Aphelocoma coerulescens Not In Park Native - -
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca Unconfirmed Native - -
Flickers Colaptes - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca Present Native Occasional
Gadwall Anas strepera Present Native Occasional
Greater Yellowlegs, Greater Yellow-legs Tringa melanoleuca Present Native Rare
Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris Unconfirmed Native - -
Greater Roadrunner Geococcyx californianus Present Native Uncommon
Gambel's Quail Callipepla gambelii Present Native Uncommon
Green-tailed Towhee Pipilo chlorurus Present Native Uncommon
Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus Present Native Uncommon
Grace's Warbler Dendroica graciae Unconfirmed Native - -
golden-winged warbler Vermivora chrysoptera Unconfirmed Native - -
golden-crowned kinglet Regulus satrapa Unconfirmed Native - -
Gray Flycatcher Empidonax wrightii Present Native Uncommon
Gray Vireo Vireo vicinior Present Native Uncommon
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present Native Uncommon
Green-backed Heron, Striated Heron Butorides striata Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Gila Woodpecker Melanerpes uropygialis Present Native Common
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Harris's Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus Unconfirmed Native - -
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus Present Native Occasional
Hummingbirds Trochilidae - - - - - -
horned lark Eremophila alpestris Present Native Rare
house finch Carpodacus mexicanus Present Native Common
- - Hirundinidae - - - - - -
Hooded Oriole Icterus cucullatus Present Native Common
Hermit Warbler Dendroica occidentalis Present Native Rare
hooded warbler Wilsonia citrina Unconfirmed Native - -
house sparrow Passer domesticus Present Non-native Uncommon
Hepatic Tanager Piranga flava Present Native Uncommon
house wren Troglodytes aedon Present Native Uncommon
hermit thrush Catharus guttatus Present Native Uncommon
Hammond's Flycatcher Empidonax hammondii Present Native Uncommon
Hutton's Vireo Vireo huttoni Present Native Uncommon
hairy woodpecker Picoides villosus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Inca Dove Columbina inca Present Native Rare
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Juniper Titmouse Baeolophus ridgwayi Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Killdeer, Northern Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lesser Scaup, Lesser Scaup Duck Aythya affinis Present Native Occasional
Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis Present Native Uncommon
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla Present Native Rare
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus Unconfirmed Native - -
Long-billed Curlew, Southern Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus Unconfirmed Native - -
Lesser Yellowlegs, Lesser Yellow-legs Tringa flavipes Present Native Rare
Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena Present Native Uncommon
Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys Present Native Uncommon
Lincoln's Sparrow, Northern Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Present Native Uncommon
Lawrence's Goldfinch Carduelis lawrencei Probably Present Native - -
Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria Present Native Common
loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus Present Native Uncommon
Le Conte's Thrasher Toxostoma lecontei Unconfirmed Native - -
Lucy's Warbler Vermivora luciae Present Native Uncommon
Long-billed Marsh Wren, Marsh Wren, Prairie Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris Present Native Occasional
Little Blue Heron, Northern Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea Unconfirmed Native - -
Least Bittern, Eastern Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis Unconfirmed Native - -
Lewis' Woodpecker Melanerpes lewis Present Native Occasional
Ladder-backed Woodpecker Picoides scalaris Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mountain Plover Charadrius montanus Unconfirmed Native - -
Marbled godwit Limosa fedoa Unconfirmed Native - -
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Common
Mexican Jay Aphelocoma ultramarina Present Native Occasional
Mountain Chickadee Poecile gambeli Unconfirmed Native - -
MacGillivray's Warbler Oporornis tolmiei Present Native Uncommon
Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Present Native Uncommon
Northern shoveler, Shoveller Anas clypeata Present Native Occasional
Northern Ruddy Duck, Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Present Native Rare
Northern Sabine's Gull, Sabine's Gull Xema sabini Unconfirmed Native - -
Northern Phalarope, Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus Unconfirmed Native - -
Northern Virginia Rail, Virginia Rail Rallus limicola Unconfirmed Native - -
northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Present Native Common
northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Present Native Common
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Present Native Common
Northern Waterthrush, Northern Water-Thrush Seiurus noveboracensis Present Native Rare
nashville warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Present Native Common
Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma imberbe Present Native Rare
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present Native Uncommon
Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus Present Native Occasional
Northern Short-eared Owl, Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus Present Native Occasional
Northern Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium gnoma Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
osprey Pandion haliaetus Present Native Rare
Oak Titmouse Baeolophus inornatus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
orange-crowned warbler Vermivora celata Present Native Uncommon
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima Not In Park Non-native - -
Prairie Falcon Falco mexicanus Present Native Rare
Pheasant, Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Pinyon Jay Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus Present Native Occasional
Pine siskin Carduelis pinus Present Native Uncommon
purple finch Carpodacus purpureus Unconfirmed Native - -
purple martin Progne subis Present Native Uncommon
Painted Redstart Myioborus pictus Present Native Rare
Phainopepla Phainopepla nitens Present Native Common
Pygmy Nuthatch Sitta pygmaea Unconfirmed Native - -
Plumbeous Vireo Vireo plumbeus Present Native Uncommon
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present Native Common
Redhead Aythya americana Present Native Occasional
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Present Native Occasional
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator Unconfirmed Native - -
Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus Present Native Uncommon
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Unconfirmed Native - -
rock dove Columba livia Present Non-native Rare
Rufous-crowned Sparrow Aimophila ruficeps Present Native Common
Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra Present Native Rare
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Uncommon
Red-faced Warbler Cardellina rubrifrons Unconfirmed Native - -
ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula Present Native Common
red-breasted nuthatch Sitta canadensis Present Native Occasional
Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus Present Native Uncommon
red-headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Unconfirmed Native - -
Red-naped Sapsucker Sphyrapicus nuchalis Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sharp-shinned hawk Accipiter striatus Present Native Uncommon
Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni Present Native Uncommon
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius Present Native Uncommon
Sora Rail, Sora Porzana carolina Unconfirmed Native - -
Steller's Jay Cyanocitta stelleri Unconfirmed Native - -
Sage Sparrow Amphispiza belli Present Native Uncommon
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Present Native Uncommon
Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus Present Native Uncommon
Scott's Oriole Icterus parisorum Present Native Uncommon
Sage Thrasher Oreoscoptes montanus Present Native Rare
summer tanager Piranga rubra Present Native Common
swainson's thrush Catharus ustulatus Present Native Rare
Say's Phoebe Sayornis saya Present Native Uncommon
Snowy Egret Egretta thula Present Native Occasional
Spotted Owl Strix occidentalis Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Common
Tundra Swan, Whistling Swan Cygnus columbianus Unconfirmed Native - -
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Present Native Uncommon
Townsend's Warbler Dendroica townsendi Present Native Rare
Townsend's Solitaire Myadestes townsendi Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Vaux's Swift Chaetura vauxi Present Native Rare
Violet-green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina Present Native Uncommon
Virginia's Warbler Vermivora virginiae Present Native Uncommon
Verdin Auriparus flaviceps Present Native Common
Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Wood Duck Aix sponsa Present Native Uncommon
white-throated swift Aeronautes saxatalis Present Native Common
Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri Present Native Rare
Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor Present Native Uncommon
Wood Stork Mycteria americana Not In Park Non-native - -
White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica Present Native Uncommon
Western Scrub-Jay Aphelocoma californica Present Native Uncommon
white-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Probably Present Native - -
white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Present Native Common
Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta Present Native Uncommon
wilson's warbler Wilsonia pusilla Present Native Uncommon
white-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Present Native Uncommon
Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana Present Native Uncommon
winter wren Troglodytes troglodytes Unconfirmed Native - -
Western Bluebird Sialia mexicana Present Native Rare
western wood-pewee Contopus sordidulus Present Native Common
Western Flycatcher Empidonax difficilis Present Native Uncommon
willow flycatcher Empidonax traillii Unconfirmed Native - -
warbling vireo Vireo gilvus Present Native Uncommon
White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi Unconfirmed Native - -
Woodpeckers, Wrynecks Picidae - - - - - -
Williamson's Sapsucker Sphyrapicus thyroideus Present Native Rare
Western Grebe Aechmophorus occidentalis Unconfirmed Native - -
Western Screech-Owl Megascops kennicottii Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Present Native Uncommon
Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Present Native Rare
yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata Present Native Common
yellow warbler Dendroica petechia Present Native Common
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens Present Native Uncommon
yellow-throated vireo Vireo flavifrons Present Native Rare
yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus Present Native Uncommon

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Arizona Alligator Lizard, Madrean Alligator Lizard Elgaria kingii Present Native Unknown
Arizona coral snake Micruroides euryxanthus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Bullsnake, Gopher Snake Pituophis catenifer Present Native Unknown
Big Bend Patch-nosed Snake Salvadora hexalepis Present Native Unknown
Black-necked Gartersnake Thamnophis cyrtopsis Present Native Unknown
Big Bend Tree Lizard Urosaurus ornatus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Kingsnake Lampropeltis getula Present Native Unknown
Central Texas Whipsnake Masticophis taeniatus Present Native Unknown
Clark's Spiny Lizard Sceloporus clarkii Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Desert Grassland Whiptail Cnemidophorus uniparens Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Collared Lizard Crotaphytus collaris Present Native Unknown
eastern fence lizard Sceloporus undulatus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Glossy Snake Arizona elegans Present Native Rare
Ground Snake, Groundsnake Sonora semiannulata Present Native Unknown
Gila Monster Heloderma suspectum Present Native Unknown
Greater Short-horned Lizard, Hernandez's Short-horned Lizard, Mountain Short-horned Lizard Phrynosoma hernandesi Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Long-nosed Snake Rhinocheilus lecontei Present Native Unknown
Little Striped Whiptail Cnemidophorus inornatus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mexican Garter Snake Thamnophis eques Probably Present Native - -
Mohave Rattlesnake Crotalus scutulatus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Northern Crevice Spiny Lizard Sceloporus poinsettii Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Northern Black-tailed Rattlesnake Crotalus molossus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
plateau striped whiptail Cnemidophorus velox Unconfirmed Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
ringneck snake Diadophis punctatus Present Native Unknown
Red-eared Slider Trachemys scripta Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Sonoran whipsnake Masticophis bilineatus Probably Present Native - -
Smith's Southwestern Black-headed Snake Tantilla hobartsmithi Probably Present Native - -
side-blotched lizard Uta stansburiana Present Native Unknown
spiny softshell turtle Apalone spinifera Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Texas Nightsnake Hypsiglena torquata Present Native Unknown
Texas Lyresnake Trimorphodon biscutatus Probably Present Native - -
Trans-Pecos Threadsnake Leptotyphlops humilis Probably Present Native - -
Texas Greater Earless Lizard Cophosaurus texanus Present Native Unknown
Twin-spotted Spiny Lizard Sceloporus magister Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Western Coachwhip Masticophis flagellum Present Native Unknown
Western Banded Gecko Coleonyx variegatus Present Native Rare
western whiptail Cnemidophorus tigris Present Native Unknown
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake, Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake Crotalus atrox Present Native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Arizona Toad, Southwestern Toad Bufo microscaphus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bullfrog Rana catesbeiana Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
canyon treefrog Hyla arenicolor Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lowland Leopard Frog, Yavapai Frog, Yavapai Leopard Frog Rana yavapaiensis Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Red-spotted Toad Bufo punctatus Present Native Unknown
rocky mountain toad Bufo woodhousii Present Native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Brown Trout, Loch Leven Brown Trout, Scotch Sea-trout Salmo trutta Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Brook Trout, Native Brook Trout Salvelinus fontinalis Not In Park Non-native - -
black bullhead Ameiurus melas Not In Park Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
common carp Cyprinus carpio Present Non-native Unknown
Channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus Not In Park Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
desert sucker Catostomus clarkii Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green Sunfish Lepomis cyanellus Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Kamloops Trout, Rainbow Trout, Steelhead Trout, Steel-head Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss Unconfirmed Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
longfin dace Agosia chrysogaster Present Native Unknown
loach dace, loach minnow Rhinichthys cobitis Not In Park Native - -
Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides Not In Park Non-native - -
longnose gar Lepisosteus osseus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red shiner Cyprinella lutrensis Present Non-native Unknown
Roundtail Chub Gila robusta Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Sonora sucker Catostomus insignis Present Native Unknown
spikedace Meda fulgida Not In Park Native - -
Speckled Dace Rhinichthys osculus Not In Park Native - -
Small Mouthed Black-bass, Smallmouth Bass, Small-mouthed Bass Micropterus dolomieu Present Non-native Unknown
spotted bass Micropterus punctulatus Not In Park Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow bullhead Ameiurus natalis Present Non-native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
- - Apiaceae - - - - - -
aster Aster - - - - - -
Arizona thistle Cirsium arizonicum Present Native Unknown
Annual townsendia Townsendia annua Present Native Unknown
Asian mustard, BRASSICA Brassica tournefortii Present Non-native Unknown
Abert's buckwheat Eriogonum abertianum Present Native Unknown
Adonis blazingstar, Adonis stickleaf, desert blazingstar, manyflowered mentzelia Mentzelia multiflora Present Native Unknown
Arizona cypress Cupressus arizonica Present Native Unknown
ashen milkvetch Astragalus tephrodes Present Native Unknown
alfalfa Medicago - - - - - -
Alfalfa, Lucerne Medicago sativa Present Non-native Unknown
annual yellow sweetclover, Indian sweet-clover Melilotus indicus Present Non-native Unknown
Arizona alder, oblong leaf alder Alnus oblongifolia Present Native Unknown
Arizona black walnut, Arizona walnut, New Mexico walnut Juglans major Present Native Unknown
alfilaria Erodium cicutarium Present Non-native Unknown
Applegate Paintbrush Castilleja applegatei Present Native Unknown
American Great Bulrush Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani Present Native Unknown
awnless brome, smooth brome Bromus inermis Present Non-native Unknown
Arizona cottontop Digitaria californica Present Native Unknown
alkali muhly, scratchgrass Muhlenbergia asperifolia Present Native Unknown
alkali sacaton, alkali-sacaton Sporobolus airoides Present Native Unknown
Arizona signalgrass Urochloa arizonica Present Native Unknown
Arizona sycamore Platanus wrightii Present Native Unknown
annual pricklypoppy, bluestem prickly poppy, crested pricklypoppy, pricklypoppy, thistle poppy, white prickly poppy Argemone polyanthemos Present Native Unknown
Arizona blackberry, Arizona dewberry Rubus arizonensis Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Basin white-cup spring-parsley Cymopterus purpurascens Present Native Unknown
bluedicks Dichelostemma capitatum Present Native Unknown
brownfoot, pink perezzia, Wright's desertpeony Acourtia wrightii Present Native Unknown
bur-marifold, stick-tights Bidens laevis Present Native Unknown
brittlebush, goldenhills, white brittlebush Encelia farinosa Present Native Unknown
broom snakeweed, broomweed, perennial snakeweed, stinkweed, turpentine weed, yellow top Gutierrezia sarothrae Present Native Unknown
blue lettuce, chicory lettuce, Russian blue lettuce Lactuca tatarica Present Native Unknown
Bigelow?s tansy-aster Machaeranthera bigelovii Present Native Unknown
Brown-plume wire-lettuce Stephanomeria pauciflora Present Native Unknown
blowball, common dandelion, dandelion, faceclock Taraxacum officinale Present Native Unknown
Basin yellow cryptanth Cryptantha confertiflora Present Native Unknown
Blue mustard Chorispora tenella Present Non-native Unknown
brown-spined prickly pear Opuntia phaeacantha Present Native Unknown
Bigelow's four-o'clock, wishbone-bush Mirabilis bigelovii Present Native Unknown
buffalo gourd Cucurbita foetidissima Present Native Unknown
bastard indigo Amorpha fruticosa Present Native Unknown
bundleflower, Cooley's bundleflower, james bundleflower Desmanthus cooleyi Present Native Unknown
Birdsfoot Trefoil Lotus corniculatus Present Non-native Unknown
Black Medick Medicago lupulina Present Non-native Unknown
burr medick, goldfields medic, little burclover, little bur-clover Medicago minima Present Non-native Unknown
bur clover, bur medick, burclover, California burclover, toothed medick Medicago polymorpha Present Non-native Unknown
broom milkwort Polygala scoparioides Present Native Unknown
bedstraw Galium - - - - - -
bracted bedstraw Galium microphyllum Present Native Unknown
blue water speedwell, water speedwell Veronica anagallis-aquatica Present Native Unknown
bigbract verbena, bracted vervain, carpet vervain, prostrate verbena, prostrate vervain Verbena bracteata Present Native Unknown
bristlecup sandmat Chamaesyce chaetocalyx Present Native Unknown
blue flax, Lewis' blue flax, Lewis' flax, prairie flax Linum lewisii Present Native Unknown
Bonpland's willow, red willow Salix bonplandiana Present Native Unknown
black flatsedge Cyperus niger Present Native Unknown
Beak rush Juncus - - - - - -
big bluestem Andropogon gerardii Present Native Unknown
black grama Bouteloua eriopoda Present Native Unknown
blue grama Bouteloua gracilis Present Native Unknown
brome, brome spp. Bromus - - - - - -
Bromegrass Bromus hordeaceus Present Non-native Unknown
Bromegrass Bromus tectorum Present Non-native Unknown
Bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon Present Non-native Unknown
Barnyard Grass Echinochloa crus-galli Present Non-native Unknown
bottlebrush squirreltail, squirreltail, western bottle-brush grass Elymus elymoides Present Native Unknown
blue wild rye, blue wildrye Elymus glaucus Present Native Unknown
Bearded Wheatgrass Elymus trachycaulus Present Native Unknown
barley Hordeum - - - - - -
bush muhly Muhlenbergia porteri Present Native Unknown
Bigelow bluegrass Poa bigelovii Present Native Unknown
bluebunch wheatgrass Pseudoroegneria spicata Present Native Unknown
bluestem, little bluestem Schizachyrium - - - - - -
bristlegrass Setaria - - - - - -
broadleaf cattail Typha latifolia Present Native Unknown
barestem larkspur, tall mountain larkspur Delphinium scaposum Present Native Unknown
boxelder Acer negundo Present Native Unknown
bullhead, caltrop, goathead, Mexican sandbur, puncture vine, Texas sandbur Tribulus terrestris Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Cut-leaf water-parsnip Berula erecta Present Native Unknown
chatterbox orchid Epipactis gigantea Present Native Unknown
Cuman ragweed, perennial ragweed, western ragweed Ambrosia psilostachya Present Native Unknown
Carruth's sagebrush, Carruth's sagewort Artemisia carruthii Present Native Unknown
cudweed sagewort, gray sagewort, Louisiana sagewort, Louisiana wormwood, mugwort wormwood, prairie sage, white sagebrush Artemisia ludoviciana Present Native Unknown
California brickellbush Brickellia californica Present Native Unknown
Chihuahuan brickellbush Brickellia floribunda Present Native Unknown
Chicory Cichorium intybus Present Non-native Unknown
Canadian horseweed Conyza canadensis Present Native Unknown
Common Sunflower Helianthus annuus Present Native Unknown
camphorweed Heterotheca subaxillaris Present Native Unknown
cheeseweed burrobrush, singlewhorl burrobrush, singlewhorl burrobush Hymenoclea monogyra Present Native Unknown
China lettuce, prickly lettuce, wild lettuce Lactuca serriola Present Non-native Unknown
Canada Goldenrod Solidago canadensis Present Native Unknown
common dogweed, five-needle pricklyleaf Thymophylla pentachaeta Present Native Unknown
common salsify, goat's beard, goatsbeard, meadow goat's-beard, salsifis majeur, salsify, western goat's beard, western salsify, wild oysterplant, yellow goat's beard, yellow salsify Tragopogon dubius Present Non-native Unknown
cowpen daisy Verbesina encelioides Present Native Unknown
cocklebur Xanthium strumarium Present Native Unknown
Cardinal Flower Lobelia cardinalis Present Native Unknown
- - Cryptantha - - - - - -
caterpillarweed, cleftleaf wildheliotrope, notch-leaf scorpion-weed Phacelia crenulata Present Native Unknown
crucifers, mustards Brassicaceae - - - - - -
coast wallflower, sand dune wallflower, western wallflower Erysimum capitatum Present Native Unknown
common clammy-weed Polanisia dodecandra Present Native Unknown
cholla, pricklypear Opuntia - - - - - -
Christmas cholla Opuntia leptocaulis Present Native Unknown
Coulter's spiderling Boerhavia coulteri Present Native Unknown
creeping spiderling Boerhavia spicata Present Native Unknown
Curly dock Rumex crispus Present Non-native Unknown
canaigre, canaigre dock Rumex hymenosepalus Present Native Unknown
catclaw acacia Acacia greggii Present Native Unknown
Crescent milkvetch Astragalus amphioxys Present Native Unknown
COULTER'S LUPINE Lupinus sparsiflorus Present Native Unknown
catclaw mimosa, mimosa Mimosa aculeaticarpa Present Native Unknown
Coulter's wrinklefruit Tetraclea coulteri Present Native Unknown
common monkeyflower, seep monkeyflower Mimulus guttatus Present Native Unknown
Common Plantain Plantago major Present Native Unknown
Common Mullein Verbascum thapsus Present Non-native Unknown
catnip noseburn Tragia ramosa Present Native Unknown
cottonwood, Fremont's cottonwood Populus fremontii Present Native Unknown
coyote willow, desert willow, narrowleaf willow, sandbar willow Salix exigua Present Native Unknown
Common Mallow, Cheeses Malva neglecta Present Non-native Unknown
cheeseweed mallow Malva parviflora Present Non-native Unknown
creeping yellow sida Sida abutifolia Present Non-native Unknown
cutleaf globemallow, Rusby's globemallow Sphaeralcea rusbyi Present Native Unknown
California loosestrife Lythrum californicum Present Native Unknown
chufa flatsedge, yellow nutgrass, yellow nutsedge Cyperus esculentus Present Native Unknown
cane bluestem Bothriochloa barbinodis Present Native Unknown
common sandbur Cenchrus spinifex Present Native Unknown
Common curleymesquite, curleymesquite, curly mesquite, curlymesquite, curly-mesquite Hilaria belangeri Present Native Unknown
creeping muhly, red muhly Muhlenbergia repens Present Native Unknown
common maidenhair Adiantum capillus-veneris Present Native Unknown
curvepod corydalis, curvepod fumewort Corydalis curvisiliqua Present Native Unknown
California buckthorn Frangula californica Present Native Unknown
creeping jenny, European bindweed, field bindweed, perennial morningglory, smallflowered morningglory Convolvulus arvensis Present Non-native Unknown
Coyote tobacco Nicotiana attenuata Present Native Unknown
canyon grape Vitis arizonica Present Native Unknown
creosotebush Larrea tridentata Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Datil yucca Yucca baccata Present Native Unknown
desertbroom Baccharis sarothroides Present Native Unknown
desert marigold Baileya multiradiata Present Native Unknown
deertongue, thick-sepal catseye, thicksepal cryptantha Cryptantha crassisepala Present Native Unknown
dainty desert hideseed, SMALL-FLOWERED EUCRYPTA Eucrypta micrantha Present Native Unknown
dwarf four o'clock, dwarf four-o'clock, little four-o'clock Mirabilis pumila Present Native Unknown
desert trumpet, Native American pipeweed Eriogonum inflatum Present Native Unknown
Doorweed, Common Knotgrass Polygonum aviculare Present Native Unknown
dotted smartweed Polygonum punctatum Present Native Unknown
dock Rumex - - - - - -
dwarf blazingstar, dwarf mentzelia, golden blazingstar Mentzelia pumila Present Native Unknown
dwarf stickpea, mountain calliandra Calliandra humilis Present Native Unknown
Dunn's oak, Palmer oak Quercus dunnii Present Native Unknown
desert willow Chilopsis linearis Present Native Unknown
Drummond's false pennyroyal, Drummond's pennyroyal Hedeoma drummondii Present Native Unknown
dwarf hedeoma Hedeoma nana Present Native Unknown
devilsclaw, doubleclaw Proboscidea parviflora Present Native Unknown
Desert olive Forestiera pubescens Present Native Unknown
Dalmation toadflax Linaria dalmatica Present Non-native Unknown
desert penstemon Penstemon pseudospectabilis Present Native Unknown
Dakota mock vervain Glandularia bipinnatifida Present Native Unknown
desert vervain, Goodding's verbena, southwestern mock vervain Glandularia gooddingii Present Native Unknown
Davis Mountain mock vervain, Wright's verbena Glandularia wrightii Present Native Unknown
doveweed, goatweed, skunkweed, Texas croton Croton texensis Present Native Unknown
desert flax, plains flax Linum puberulum Present Native Unknown
Dusky willow Salix melanopsis Present Native Unknown
desert globemallow Sphaeralcea ambigua Present Native Unknown
deer muhly, deergrass Muhlenbergia rigens Present Native Unknown
dallas grass, dallis grass, dallisgrass, herbe de miel, herbe sirop, hiku nua, palpalum dilate, water grass Paspalum dilatatum Present Non-native Unknown
dropseed, dropseed spp. Sporobolus - - - - - -
Dutchman's breeches Thamnosma texana Present Native Unknown
desert-thorn, wolfberry, wolfberry species Lycium - - - - - -
desert tobacco, tobacco plant Nicotiana obtusifolia Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Emory's baccharis Baccharis emoryi Present Native Unknown
eastern annual saltmarsh aster Symphyotrichum subulatum Present Native Unknown
Engelmann's prickly pear Opuntia engelmannii Present Native Unknown
erect spiderling Boerhavia erecta Present Native Unknown
Engelmann's milkweed Asclepias engelmanniana Present Native Unknown
Eaton's firecracker Penstemon eatonii Present Native Unknown
Eyebane, Upright Spotted Spurge Chamaesyce maculata Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
field ragweed Ambrosia confertiflora Present Native Unknown
false boneset Brickellia eupatorioides Present Native Unknown
Fendler's desert dandelion, Fendler's desertdandelion Malacothrix fendleri Present Native Unknown
FIDDLENECK Amsinckia menziesii Present Native Unknown
flat-spine sheepburr, flatspine stickseed, western sticktight Lappula occidentalis Present Native Unknown
fringed gromwell, fringed puccoon, narrowleaf gromwell, narrowleaf pucoon, narrowleaf stoneseed, trumpet stoneseed Lithospermum incisum Present Native Unknown
flaxweed tansymustard, flixweed, flixweed tansymustard, herb sophia, herb-sophia, pinnate tansymustard, tansymustard Descurainia sophia Present Non-native Unknown
fourwing saltbush Atriplex canescens Present Native Unknown
Fremont's goosefoot Chenopodium fremontii Present Native Unknown
Fendler's hedgehog cactus, pinkflower hedgehog cactus Echinocereus fendleri Present Native Unknown
fringed redmaids Calandrinia ciliata Present Native Unknown
Five-stamen tamarisk Tamarix chinensis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
freckled milkvetch, speckledpod milkvetch Astragalus lentiginosus Present Native Unknown
feather dalea Dalea formosa Present Native Unknown
fringed twinevine Funastrum cynanchoides Present Native Unknown
false pennyroyal, falsepennyroyal, oblongleaf false pennyroyal Hedeoma oblongifolia Present Native Unknown
Fendler's spurge Chamaesyce fendleri Present Native Unknown
Feather finger grass Chloris virgata Present Native Unknown
fluffgrass Dasyochloa pulchella Present Native Unknown
feather pappusgrass Enneapogon desvauxii Present Native Unknown
fragrant sumac Rhus aromatica Present Native Unknown
False nightshade Chamaesaracha coronopus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
glandular threadplant, threadplant Nemacladus glanduliferus Present Native Unknown
green tansymustard, pinnate tansy mustard, pinnate tansymustard, tansymustard, western tansymustard Descurainia pinnata Present Native Unknown
Gordon bladderpod Lesquerella gordonii Present Native Unknown
grassland pricklypear, plains twistspine pricklypear, twistspine pricklypear Opuntia macrorhiza Present Native Unknown
Gila manroot, wild cucumber Marah gilensis Present Native Unknown
green ephedra, green Mormon tea, Mormon tea Ephedra viridis Present Native Unknown
- - Gilia - - - - - -
Goodding willow Salix gooddingii Present Native Unknown
green violet Hybanthus verticillatus Present Native Unknown
globemallow Sphaeralcea - - - - - -
Gooseberry-leaf globemallow Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia Present Native Unknown
grasses Poaceae - - - - - -
Grisebach bristlegrass Setaria grisebachii Present Native Unknown
golden corydalis, scrambled eggs Corydalis aurea Present Native Unknown
golden columbine Aquilegia chrysantha Present Native Unknown
graythorn, Lote bush, lotebush Ziziphus obtusifolia Present Native Unknown
golden currant Ribes aureum Present Native Unknown
greenspot nightshade, green-spot nightshade Solanum douglasii Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Horned Pondweed Zannichellia palustris Present Native Unknown
hairy daisy, Navajo fleabane Erigeron concinnus Present Native Unknown
hairy false goldaster, hairy false goldenaster, hairy goldaster, hairy goldenaster Heterotheca villosa Present Native Unknown
hoary aster, hoary goldenweed, hoary machaeranthera, hoary tansyaster, hoary tansy-aster, purple aster Machaeranthera canescens Present Native Unknown
hierba del marrano Symphyotrichum divaricatum Present Native Unknown
hairy Townsend daisy, hairy Townsend-daisy, hairy townsendia Townsendia strigosa Present Native Unknown
Hairy-pod pepperwort Lepidium lasiocarpum Present Native Unknown
horsetail, scouring rush, scouringrush Equisetum - - - - - -
horsetail, scouring horsetail, scouringrush, scouringrush horsetail, tall scouring-rush, western scouringrush Equisetum hyemale Present Native Unknown
Halfmoon milkvetch Astragalus allochrous Present Native Unknown
hairy-leaved amsonia Amsonia tomentosa Present Native Unknown
henbit deadnettle Lamium amplexicaule Present Non-native Unknown
horehound, white horehound Marrubium vulgare Present Non-native Unknown
head sandmat Chamaesyce capitellata Present Native Unknown
horned spurge Euphorbia brachycera Present Native Unknown
harlequinbush, Harlequin-bush, slender gaura Gaura hexandra Present Native Unknown
halfshrub sundrop, whitest evening primrose, whitest eveningprimrose, whitest evening-primrose, white-stem evening-primrose Oenothera albicaulis Present Native Unknown
hairy crabgrass Digitaria sanguinalis Present Native Unknown
hairy tridens Erioneuron pilosum Present Native Unknown
Hesperostipa, needle and thread, needleandthread Hesperostipa comata Present Native Unknown
Himalayan blackberry Rubus discolor Present Non-native Unknown
hoary bindweed Convolvulus equitans Present Native Unknown
hairy evolvulus Evolvulus nuttallianus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ives' phacelia Phacelia ivesiana Present Native Unknown
Indianhemp Apocynum cannabinum Present Native Unknown
Indianwheat, plantain Plantago - - - - - -
irisleaf rush Juncus xiphioides Present Native Unknown
Indian ricegrass Achnatherum hymenoides Present Native Unknown
Ill-scented Sumac, skunkbush Rhus trilobata Present Native Unknown
Ivy-leaved morning glory Ipomoea hederacea Present Non-native Unknown
Indian apple Datura inoxia Present Non-native Unknown
ivyleaf ground cherry, ivyleaf groundcherry Physalis hederifolia Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
jack beans Canavalia ensiformis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
jungle-rice Echinochloa colona Present Non-native Unknown
Johnsongrass Sorghum halepense Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
knotgrass Paspalum distichum Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
longleaf pondweed Potamogeton nodosus Present Native Unknown
lettuce Lactuca - - - - - -
lesser wirelettuce Stephanomeria minor Present Native Unknown
Lindley's silverpuffs Uropappus lindleyi Present Native Unknown
limestone phacelia Phacelia cryptantha Present Native Unknown
London rocket Sisymbrium irio Present Non-native Unknown
lyreleaf jewelflower Streptanthus carinatus Present Native Unknown
lesser yellowthroat gilia Gilia flavocincta Present Native Unknown
Longflower gilia Ipomopsis longiflora Present Native Unknown
locoweed, milkvetch Astragalus - - - - - -
legumes, peas Fabaceae - - - - - -
LOTUS Lotus humistratus Present Native Unknown
Louisiana vetch Vicia ludoviciana Present Native Unknown
lanceleaf sage Salvia reflexa Present Native Unknown
little redstem monkeyflower, red monkeyflower, redstem monkey-flower Mimulus rubellus Present Native Unknown
lemon verbena, mintbush lippia, Wright's aloysia, Wright's beebrush, Wright's lippia Aloysia wrightii Present Native Unknown
little leaf abutilon Abutilon parvulum Present Native Unknown
long-tube evening primrose, long-tube evening-primrose, yellow evening primrose, yellow eveningprimrose, yellow evening-primrose Oenothera flava Present Native Unknown
Lehmann's lovegrass Eragrostis lehmanniana Present Non-native Unknown
littleleaf ratany Krameria erecta Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mariola Parthenium incanum Present Native Unknown
Montana pepperweed, mountain pepperweed, mountain pepperwort Lepidium montanum Present Native Unknown
mid bladderpod, Santa Fe bladderpod Lesquerella intermedia Present Native Unknown
Moapa bladderpod Lesquerella tenella Present Native Unknown
miner's lettuce, minerslettuce Claytonia perfoliata Present Native Unknown
matted poison milkvetch, mattedmilkvetch, Torrey's milkvetch Astragalus calycosus Present Native Unknown
mesquite Prosopis juliflora Unconfirmed Non-native - -
manyfruit spurge, smallseed sandmat, small-seed sandmat Chamaesyce polycarpa Present Native Unknown
Mountain brome Bromus carinatus Present Native Unknown
mountain brome Bromus marginatus Unconfirmed Native - -
meadow fescue Lolium pratense Present Non-native Unknown
Muttongrass Poa fendleriana Present Native Unknown
Mediterranean grass Schismus barbatus Present Non-native Unknown
marsh bristlegrass Setaria parviflora Present Native Unknown
Millet Setaria viridis Present Non-native Unknown
Mexican cliffrose Purshia mexicana Present Native Unknown
mistletoe Phoradendron tomentosum Present Native Unknown
mudflat petunia Calibrachoa parviflora Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
- - Nolina microcarpa Present Native Unknown
New Mexico groundsel Packera neomexicana Present Native Unknown
needle dogweed Thymophylla acerosa Present Native Unknown
Nevada cryptanth Cryptantha nevadensis Present Native Unknown
netseed lambsquarters, pigseed goosefoot, pitseed goosefoot, pit-seed goosefoot Chenopodium berlandieri Present Native Unknown
Nuttall milkvetch, smallflowered milkvetch Astragalus nuttallianus Present Native Unknown
narrowleaf bean, slimleaf bean Phaseolus angustissimus Present Native Unknown
narrowleaf plantain Plantago lanceolata Present Non-native Unknown
New Mexico copperleaf Acalypha neomexicana Present Native Unknown
needle grama Bouteloua aristidoides Present Native Unknown
nodding brome, nodding bromegrass Bromus anomalus Present Native Unknown
New Mexico feathergrass, New Mexico needlegrass Hesperostipa neomexicana Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Oak Creek ragwort Packera quercetorum Present Native Unknown
oneseed juniper Juniperus monosperma Present Native Unknown
oak Quercus - - - - - -
Oats Avena sativa Present Non-native Unknown
old switch panic grass, switchgrass Panicum virgatum Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pondweed Potamogeton - - - - - -
Pondweed Potamogeton gramineus Present Native Unknown
purplenerve springparsley Cymopterus multinervatus Present Native Unknown
Parry's agave Agave parryi Present Native Unknown
pale agoseris, pale dandelion, prairie dandelion Agoseris glauca Present Native Unknown
plains blackfoot daisy Melampodium leucanthum Present Native Unknown
popcornflower Plagiobothrys - - - - - -
perennial rockcress Arabis perennans Present Native Unknown
pepperweed Lepidium - - - - - -
Powell's amaranth, Powell's pigweed Amaranthus powellii Present Native Unknown
prickly Russian thistle, tumbleweed Salsola tragus Present Non-native Unknown
purple pricklypear Opuntia macrocentra Present Native Unknown
Periwinkle Vinca major Present Non-native Unknown
paleseed Indianwheat, Virginia plantain Plantago virginica Present Native Unknown
peachleaf willow, peach-leaf willow Salix amygdaloides Present Native Unknown
Parish spikerush, Parish's spikerush Eleocharis parishii Present Native Unknown
purple 3-awn, purple threeawn, purple three-awn, red threeawn Aristida purpurea Present Native Unknown
pubescent wheatgrass, western wheatgrass Pascopyrum smithii Present Native Unknown
pearl millet, pearl-millet, yellow bristlegrass Pennisetum glaucum Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Plains bristlegrass Setaria leucopila Present Native Unknown
plains bristlegrass Setaria vulpiseta Present Native Unknown
pellitory Parietaria hespera Present Native Unknown
Pennsylvania Pellitory Parietaria pensylvanica Present Native Unknown
Poison Ivy Toxicodendron rydbergii Present Native Unknown
pale desert-thorn, pale wolfberry Lycium pallidum Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
ragleaf bahia Bahia dissecta Present Native Unknown
Rose-heath Chaetopappa ericoides Present Native Unknown
rayless encelia Encelia frutescens Present Native Unknown
Red-seeded Dandelion Taraxacum laevigatum Present Non-native Unknown
roundleaf phacelia Phacelia rotundifolia Present Native Unknown
rat-ear coldenia, woody crinklemat Tiquilia canescens Present Native Unknown
Russian thistle, tumbleweed Salsola - - - - - -
redberry juniper Juniperus coahuilensis Present Native Unknown
rosy gilia Gilia sinuata Present Native Unknown
rough menodora Menodora scabra Present Native Unknown
redseed plantain Plantago rhodosperma Present Native Unknown
rattlesnake weed, whitemargin euphorbia, whitemargin sandmat, whitemargin spurge Chamaesyce albomarginata Present Native Unknown
red willow Salix laevigata Unconfirmed Native - -
Rocky Mountain rush Juncus saximontanus Present Native Unknown
Redtop Agrostis stolonifera Present Native Unknown
rescue grass Bromus catharticus Present Non-native Unknown
ripgut brome Bromus diandrus Present Non-native Unknown
ripgut brome Bromus rigidus Present Non-native Unknown
red brome Bromus rubens Present Non-native Unknown
Rabbit barley Hordeum murinum Present Non-native Unknown
rabbit-foot grass Polypogon monspeliensis Present Non-native Unknown
red barberry, red mahonia Mahonia haematocarpa Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Sago Pondweed Stuckenia pectinatus Present Native Unknown
southwestern carrot Daucus pusillus Present Native Unknown
soaptree yucca Yucca elata Present Native Unknown
sagebrush, sagewort, wormwood Artemisia - - - - - -
seepwillow Baccharis salicifolia Present Native Unknown
Spiny brickellbush Brickellia atractyloides Present Native Unknown