Monocacy National Battlefield Park

Rank: 290

Park Description

In the summer of 1864, General Jubal Early led Confederate forces towards Washington, D.C. and threatened to capture the capital city. On July 9, Union troops under General Lew Wallace met Early's forces on the banks of the Monocacy. At Monocacy National Battlefield, visitors can experience this and other stories of the past in a landscape that has changed little since the 19th century.

Park Address

5201 Urbana Pike

Frederick, MD, 21704


Species in Monocacy National Battlefield Park by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in Monocacy National Battlefield Park. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.



 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Beaver, Beaver, Canadian Beaver Castor canadensis Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Black Bear Ursus americanus Unconfirmed Native - -
big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus Present Native Unknown
Brewer's Mole, Hairy-tailed Mole Parascalops breweri Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
common gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Muskrat, Muskrat, Musquash, Water Rat Ondatra zibethicus Present Native Unknown
Chickaree, Red Squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern red bat Lasiurus borealis Present Native Unknown
Eastern Pipistrelle, Northern Georgian Bat Pipistrellus subflavus Present Native Unknown
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Present Native Unknown
eastern harvest mouse Reithrodontomys humulis Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis Present Native Unknown
eastern chipmunk Tamias striatus Present Native Unknown
eastern mole Scalopus aquaticus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus Present Native Unknown
house mouse Mus musculus Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Indiana bat Myotis sodalis Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Keen's Myotis, Northern Long-eared Bat, Northern Myotis, Say's Bat Myotis keenii Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata Unconfirmed Native - -
little brown bat Myotis lucifugus Present Native Unknown
least shrew Cryptotis parva Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mink Mustela vison Unconfirmed Native - -
meadow jumping mouse Zapus hudsonius Present Native Uncommon
meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Norway rat Rattus norvegicus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
northern short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
oldfield mouse Peromyscus polionotus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
prairie deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red fox Vulpes vulpes Present Native Unknown
raccoon Procyon lotor Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis Present Native Abundant
silver-haired bat Lasionycteris noctivagans Unconfirmed Native - -
southern bog lemming Synaptomys cooperi Unconfirmed Native - -
southern flying squirrel Glaucomys volans Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Present Native Abundant
woodland vole Microtus pinetorum Unconfirmed Native - -
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Present Native Unknown
woodchuck Marmota monax Present Native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Rough-legged Hawk, Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus Present Native Rare
American Black Duck, Black Duck, Common Black Duck, Red-legged Black Duck Anas rubripes Present Native Unknown
American Merganser, Common Merganser Mergus merganser Present Native Unknown
american kestrel Falco sparverius Present Native Rare
american crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Present Native Abundant
american goldfinch Carduelis tristis Present Native Uncommon
american redstart Setophaga ruticilla Present Native Unknown
american robin Turdus migratorius Present Native Abundant
acadian flycatcher Empidonax virescens Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
broad-winged hawk Buteo platypterus Present Native Unknown
Bald Eagle, Northern Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Present Native Rare
black vulture Coragyps atratus Present Native Uncommon
Belted Kingfisher, Eastern Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Present Native Unknown
Blue Grosbeak, Eastern Blue Grosbeak Guiraca caerulea Present Native Unknown
Brown Creeper Certhia americana Present Native Unknown
blue jay Cyanocitta cristata Present Native Common
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Unknown
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Present Native Unknown
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Native Unknown
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Present Native Unknown
Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus - - - - - -
black-throated blue warbler Dendroica caerulescens - - - - - -
blackpoll warbler Dendroica striata Present Native Unknown
black-and-white warbler Mniotilta varia Present Native Unknown
blue-gray gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Present Native Unknown
barred owl Strix varia Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Mallard, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Present Native Uncommon
Canada Goose, Eastern Canada Goose Branta canadensis Present Native Common
chimney swift Chaetura pelagica Present Native Unknown
Canada Ruffed Grouse, Partridge, Ruffed Grouse, Timber Grouse Bonasa umbellus Unconfirmed - - - -
cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Present Native Unknown
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present Native Unknown
common grackle Quiscalus quiscula Present Native Unknown
Carolina Chickadee Parus carolinensis Present Native Abundant
common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Present Native Unknown
connecticut warbler Oporornis agilis Present Native Unknown
Common Oven-bird, Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapillus - - - - - -
carolina wren Thryothorus ludovicianus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis Present Native Unknown
downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Present Native Unknown
Eastern Vesper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Present Native Unknown
eastern meadowlark Sturnella magna Present Native Unknown
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present Non-native Unknown
eastern bluebird Sialia sialis Present Native Uncommon
eastern wood-pewee Contopus virens Present Native Unknown
eastern phoebe Sayornis phoebe Present Native Unknown
eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Present Native Unknown
Eastern Green Heron, Green heron, Green-backed Heron Butorides virescens Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fish crow Corvus ossifragus Present Native Unknown
field sparrow Spizella pusilla Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum Present Native Unknown
gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis Present Native Unknown
golden-crowned kinglet Regulus satrapa Present Native Unknown
great crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Present Native Occasional
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present Native Unknown
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus Present Native Uncommon
house finch Carpodacus mexicanus Present Non-native Unknown
house sparrow Passer domesticus Present Non-native Unknown
house wren Troglodytes aedon Present Native Unknown
hairy woodpecker Picoides villosus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Killdeer, Northern Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Present Native Unknown
kentucky warbler Oporornis formosus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lesser Scaup, Lesser Scaup Duck Aythya affinis Present Native Unknown
loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus Unconfirmed - - - -
Louisana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Common
magnolia warbler Dendroica magnolia Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Present Native Uncommon
northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Present Native Uncommon
northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Present Native Unknown
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Present Native Common
northern parula Parula americana Present Native Unknown
nashville warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Present Native Unknown
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
orchard oriole Icterus spurius Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Philadelphia vireo Vireo philadelphicus Present Native Unknown
Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present Native Abundant
red-shouldered hawk Buteo lineatus Present Native Uncommon
ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris Present Native Unknown
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Present Native Unknown
rock dove Columba livia Present Non-native Unknown
rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus - - - - - -
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Unknown
ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula Present Native Unknown
red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus Present Native Unknown
red-bellied woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia Present Native Unknown
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Present Native Unknown
scarlet tanager Piranga olivacea Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Abundant
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Present Native Unknown
Tufted Titmouse Parus bicolor Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Wood Duck Aix sponsa Present Native Unknown
Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo Present Native Uncommon
white-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Present Native Unknown
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorus Present Native Unknown
white-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Present Native Unknown
wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina Present Native Unknown
warbling vireo Vireo gilvus Present Native Unknown
white-eyed vireo Vireo griseus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Present Native Unknown
yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata Present Native Unknown
yellow-throated warbler Dendroica dominica - - - - - -
yellow-bellied flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris - - - - - -
yellow-throated vireo Vireo flavifrons Present Native Unknown
yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Present Native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Black Rat Snake Elaphe obsoleta obsoleta Present Native Unknown
broadhead skink Eumeces laticeps Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Snapping Turtle Chelydra serpentina serpentina Present Native Common
common musk turtle Sternotherus odoratus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern worm snake Carphophis amoenus amoenus Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Milk Snake Lampropeltis triangulum triangulum Present Unknown Unknown
EASTERN RIBBON SNAKE Thamnophis sauritus sauritus Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis Present Native Occasional
Eastern Painted Turtle Chrysemys picta picta Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Box Turtle Terrapene carolina carolina Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern black racer Coluber constrictor constrictor Unconfirmed Native - -
Northern Ringneck Snake Diadophis punctatus edwardsii Present Native Unknown
Northern Water Snake Nerodia sipedon sipedon Not In Park Native - -
Northern Brown Snake Storeria dekayi dekayi Unconfirmed Native - -
Northern Red-bellied Snake Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata Present Native Unknown
northern fence lizard Sceloporus undulatus hyacinthinus Unconfirmed Native - -
northern copperhead Agkistrodon contortrix mokasen Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
queen snake Regina septemvittata Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-eared slider Trachemys scripta elegans Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
smooth green snake Opheodrys vernalis Unconfirmed Native - -
Spotted Turtle Clemmys guttata Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Wood Turtle Clemmys insculpta Unconfirmed Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bullfrog Rana catesbeiana Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern American Toad Bufo americanus americanus Present Native Unknown
Eastern Red-backed Salamander, Northern Redback Salamander, Red-backed Salamander Plethodon cinereus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
FROG, GREEN Rana clamitans melanota Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
marbled salamander Ambystoma opacum Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Northern Spring Peeper Pseudacris crucifer crucifer Present Native Unknown
Northern Dusky Salamander Desmognathus fuscus fuscus Unconfirmed Native - -
Northern Two-lined Salamander, Two-lined Salamander Eurycea bislineata Present Native Unknown
northern spring salamander Gyrinophilus porphyriticus porphyriticus Unconfirmed Native - -
northern slimy salamander Plethodon glutinosus Present Native Unknown
Northern Red Salamander Pseudotriton ruber ruber Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pickerel frog Rana palustris Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-spotted newt Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
spotted salamander Ambystoma maculatum Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
TOAD, FOWLER'S Bufo woodhousii fowleri Not In Park Native - -
Three-lined Salamander Eurycea longicauda guttolineata Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Upland chorus frog Pseudacris triseriata feriarum Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
wood frog Rana sylvatica Not In Park Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Eel, Common Eel, Eel Anguilla rostrata Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bluntnose minnow Pimephales notatus Present Non-native Unknown
Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus Present Non-native Unknown
black crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus Present Native Unknown
Blue Ridge sculpin Cottus caeruleomentum Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Sucker, White Sucker Catostomus commersoni Present Native Unknown
central stoneroller Campostoma anomalum Present Native Unknown
common carp Cyprinus carpio Present Non-native Unknown
cutlip minnow Exoglossum maxillingua Present Native Unknown
Common Shiner Luxilus cornutus Present Native Unknown
creek chub Semotilus atromaculatus Present Native Unknown
Common Sunfish, Pumpkinseed, Pumpkinseed Sunfish Lepomis gibbosus Present Native Unknown
Channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern blacknose dace Rhinichthys atratulus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
fish, SHINER, SPOTTAIL Notropis hudsonius Present Native Unknown
Fallfish Semotilus corporalis Present Native Unknown
fantail darter Etheostoma flabellare Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
golden redhorse Moxostoma erythrurum Not In Park Native - -
goldfish Carassius auratus Present Non-native Unknown
Green Sunfish Lepomis cyanellus Present Non-native Unknown
greenside darter Etheostoma blennioides Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Kamloops Trout, Rainbow Trout, Steelhead Trout, Steel-head Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
longnose dace Rhinichthys cataractae Present Native Unknown
longear sunfish Lepomis megalotis Present Non-native Unknown
Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mottled sculpin Cottus bairdii Present Native Unknown
margined madtom Noturus insignis - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern hog sucker Hypentelium nigricans Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pearl dace Margariscus margarita Present Native Rare
Potomac sculpin Cottus girardi Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
rosyside dace Clinostomus funduloides Present Native Unknown
river chub Nocomis micropogon Present Native Unknown
rosyface shiner Notropis rubellus Present Native Unknown
rock bass Ambloplites rupestris Present Non-native Unknown
Redbreast Sunfish Lepomis auritus Present Native Unknown
rainbow darter Etheostoma caeruleum Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
satinfin shiner Cyprinella analostana Present Native Unknown
spotfin shiner Cyprinella spiloptera Present Native Unknown
silverjaw minnow Notropis buccatus Present Native Unknown
swallowtail shiner Notropis procne Present Native Unknown
Small Mouthed Black-bass, Smallmouth Bass, Small-mouthed Bass Micropterus dolomieu Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
tessellated darter Etheostoma olmstedi Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white sucker Catostomus commersonii - - - - - -
white crappie Pomoxis annularis Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow bullhead Ameiurus natalis Present Native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American water plantain, southern water plantain, waterplaintain Alisma subcordatum Present Native Rare
annual ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia Present Native Rare
aster Symphyotrichum - - - - - -
American pokeweed, common pokeweed, inkberry, pigeonberry, poke, pokeberry, pokeweed Phytolacca americana Present Native Common
Asiatic dayflower Commelina communis Present Non-native Rare
American bladdernut Staphylea trifolia Present Native Unknown
arrowwood, arrow-wood viburnum, southern arrowwood Viburnum dentatum Present Native Unknown
Amur honeysuckle Lonicera maackii Present Non-native Rare
American hogpeanut Amphicarpaea bracteata Present Native Rare
American wild sensitive plant Senna hebecarpa Present Native Rare
American hornbeam Carpinus caroliniana Present Native Rare
American chestnut Castanea dentata Present Native Unknown
American beech Fagus grandifolia Present Native Rare
American waterwillow Justicia americana Present Native Unknown
American Pennyroyal Hedeoma pulegioides Present Native Rare
American Germander Teucrium canadense Present Native Unknown
American germander Teucrium canadense var. canadense Present Native Rare
American squawroot Conopholis americana Present Native Unknown
Allegheny monkey-flower Mimulus ringens Present Native Unknown
American lopseed Phryma leptostachya Present Native Unknown
American speedwell, brooklime Veronica americana Present Native Rare
American basswood Tilia americana Present Native Unknown
awnless brome, smooth brome Bromus inermis Present Non-native Unknown
annual bluegrass Poa annua Present Non-native Rare
American sycamore Platanus occidentalis Present Native Rare
algerita, barberry, berb?ris, holly grape, Oregon-grape Berberis - - - - - -
autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata Present Non-native Unknown
Agrimony Agrimonia gryposepala Present Native Unknown
Avens Geum canadense Present Native Common
apple Malus - - - - - -
American elm Ulmus americana Present Native Rare
alum-root Heuchera americana Present Native Unknown
Amur peppervine, PORCELAIN BERRY Ampelopsis brevipedunculata - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Brazilian watermeal Wolffia brasiliensis Present Native Unknown
Bulb-bearing Water Hemlock Cicuta bulbifera Probably Present Native - -
biennial sagewort, biennial wormwood Artemisia biennis Present Non-native Unknown
beggartick, beggarticks, devil's sticktight, Spanish needles Bidens - - - - - -
Beggar Ticks, Stick-tight Bidens frondosa Present Native Rare
beggar's ticks, cobbler's pegs, common beggarticks, fisi`uli, hairy beggarticks, kofe tonga, matakaro, romerillo, Spanish needles, spanish-needles Bidens pilosa Probably Present Non-native - -
bull thistle Cirsium vulgare Present Non-native Rare
blue mistflower Conoclinium coelestinum Present Native Unknown
bigleaf aster Eurybia macrophylla Present Native Unknown
blackeyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta Present Native Rare
blowball, common dandelion, dandelion, faceclock Taraxacum officinale Present Non-native Uncommon
beggarslice Hackelia virginiana Present Native Rare
Black Mustard Brassica nigra Present Non-native Unknown
big chickweed Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare Present Non-native Rare
bouncingbet Saponaria officinalis Probably Present Non-native - -
bladder campion Silene cucubalus Probably Present Non-native - -
bristled knotweed Polygonum caespitosum Present Non-native Abundant
bitter doc Rumex obtusifolius Present Non-native Uncommon
blackgum Nyssa sylvatica Present Native Rare
BUR CUCUMBER, oneseed burr cucumber Sicyos angulatus Present Native Rare
blackhaw Viburnum prunifolium Present Native Rare
Black Huckleberry Gaylussacia baccata Present Native Rare
Blue Ridge blueberry Vaccinium pallidum Present Native Rare
Black Medick Medicago lupulina Present Non-native Unknown
black locust Robinia pseudoacacia Present Native Uncommon
black birch, sweet birch Betula lenta Present Native Unknown
black oak Quercus velutina Present Native Rare
bitternut hickory Carya cordiformis Present Native Uncommon
butternut Juglans cinerea Probably Present Native - -
black walnut Juglans nigra Present Native Uncommon
butterfly milkweed Asclepias tuberosa Probably Present Native - -
bedstraw Galium - - - - - -
bedstraw Galium tinctorium Present Native Occasional
beefsteakplant Perilla frutescens Present Non-native Uncommon
beechdrops Epifagus virginiana Present Native Rare
Butter-and-eggs Linaria vulgaris Present Non-native Unknown
blackseed plantain Plantago rugelii Present Native Rare
bird-eye speedwell Veronica persica Present Non-native Unknown
black willow Salix nigra Present Native Rare
broadleaf enchanter's nightshade Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis Present Native Rare
blue sedge Carex glaucodea Present Native Rare
Bladder Sedge Carex intumescens Present Native Rare
broad looseflower sedge Carex laxiflora Present Native Rare
broad-leaf sedge Carex platyphylla Present Native Rare
Blunt Broom Sedge Carex tribuloides Present Native Unknown
barren brome Bromus sterilis Present Non-native Rare
Bromegrass Bromus tectorum Present Non-native Rare
Bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon Present Non-native Rare
Bosc's panicgrass Dichanthelium boscii Present Native Unknown
Barnyard Grass Echinochloa crus-galli Present Non-native Rare
bluegrass, bluegrass spp. Poa - - - - - -
bristlegrass Setaria - - - - - -
blue cohosh Caulophyllum thalictroides Present Native Unknown
bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis Present Native Rare
black cohosh Cimicifuga racemosa Present Native Unknown
Bulbous Buttercup Ranunculus bulbosus Present Non-native Rare
blisterwort Ranunculus recurvatus Present Native Unknown
blister buttercup Ranunculus sceleratus Present Native Rare
Black Cherry Prunus serotina Present Native Common
blackberry, brambles Rubus - - - - - -
black raspberry Rubus occidentalis Present Native Rare
boxelder Acer negundo Present Native Common
Black Nightshade Solanum nigrum Present Non-native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
celery Apium graveolens Present Non-native Rare
Canadian honewort Cryptotaenia canadensis Present Native Rare
Clayton's sweetroot Osmorhiza claytonii Present Native Unknown
Canadian blacksnakeroot Sanicula canadensis Present Native Uncommon
common goldstar Hypoxis hirsuta Present Native Rare
Common Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium angustifolium Present Native Rare
Common Burdock Arctium minus Present Non-native Rare
Common Mugwort Artemisia vulgaris Present Non-native Rare
crowned beggarticks Bidens coronata Present Native Unknown
Chicory Cichorium intybus Present Non-native Rare
Canada Thistle Cirsium arvense Present Non-native Rare
Canadian horseweed Conyza canadensis Present Native Unknown
common boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum Present Native Rare
Canada Hawkweed Hieracium kalmii Present Native Unknown
China lettuce, prickly lettuce, wild lettuce Lactuca serriola Present Non-native Rare
cutleaf coneflower Rudbeckia laciniata Present Native Unknown
Canada Goldenrod Solidago canadensis Present Native Rare
common blue wood aster Symphyotrichum cordifolium Present Native Rare
common salsify, goat's beard, goatsbeard, meadow goat's-beard, salsifis majeur, salsify, western goat's beard, western salsify, wild oysterplant, yellow goat's beard, yellow salsify Tragopogon dubius Present Non-native Unknown
cocklebur Xanthium strumarium Present Native Rare
Cardinal Flower Lobelia cardinalis Present Native Unknown
cutleaf toothwort Cardamine concatenata Present Native Rare
Cut-leaf toothwort Dentaria laciniata Present Native Unknown
Creeping Yellow Cress Rorippa sylvestris Present Non-native Unknown
common mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium vulgatum Present Non-native Unknown
common chickweed Stellaria media Present Non-native Rare
Carpetweed Mollugo verticillata Present Native Rare
curltop ladysthumb, curlytop knotweed, curlytop smartweed, dock-leaf smartweed, nodding smartweed, pale smartweed Polygonum lapathifolium Present Native Rare
Curly dock Rumex crispus Present Non-native Rare
cedar, juniper, redcedar, sabino Juniperus - - - - - -
Common Elder Sambucus canadensis Present Native Unknown
common elderberry Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis Present Native Rare
common teasel Dipsacus fullonum ssp. sylvestris Present Non-native Unknown
common persimmon Diospyros virginiana Present Native Unknown
Crown Vetch Coronilla varia Present Non-native Unknown
chestnut oak Quercus prinus Present Native Rare
Common Milkweed Asclepias syriaca Present Native Rare
common periwinkle Vinca minor Present Non-native Rare
common buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Present Native Unknown
Common catalpa Catalpa bignonioides Present Native Unknown
Catnip Nepeta cataria Present Non-native Rare
common selfheal Prunella vulgaris Present Native Rare
Common Privet Ligustrum vulgare Present Non-native Rare
Common Plantain Plantago major Present Native Rare
corn speedwell Veronica arvensis Present Non-native Rare
Common Speedwell Veronica officinalis Present Native Rare
Common Mullein Verbascum thapsus Present Non-native Rare
catbrier, common greenbriar, greenbriar, greenbrier, sarsaparilla Smilax - - - - - -
cat greenbrier Smilax glauca Probably Present Native - -
Canada St. Johnswort Hypericum canadense Present Native Unknown
Common St. Johnswort Hypericum perforatum Present Non-native Rare
common blue violet Viola papilionacea Present Native Unknown
common blue violet Viola sororia Present Native Common
Common Mallow, Cheeses Malva neglecta Present Non-native Unknown
common evening primrose Oenothera biennis Present Native Unknown
cutleaf grapefern Botrychium dissectum Present Native Unknown
common yellow oxalis Oxalis stricta Present Native Common
Canadian wildginger Asarum canadense Present Native Rare
carex, sedge, sedge species, sedges Carex - - - - - -
- - Carex complanata var. hirsuta - - - - - -
common fox sedge Carex vulpinoidea Present Native Unknown
common rush Juncus effusus Present Native Rare
common woodrush Luzula multiflora Present Native Unknown
cypress panicgrass Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum Present Native Rare
Common Darnel, Perennial Ryegrass Lolium perenne Present Non-native Rare
corn Zea mays Present Non-native Rare
Christmas Fern Polystichum acrostichoides Present Native Rare
common moonseed Menispermum canadense Present Native Rare
Celandine Chelidonium majus Present Non-native Unknown
common hackberry Celtis occidentalis Present Native Abundant
Common Shadbush Amelanchier arborea Present Native Rare
common cinquefoil Potentilla simplex Present Native Unknown
Choke Cherry Prunus virginiana Present Native Rare
Common pear Pyrus communis Present Non-native Unknown
Common Blackberry Rubus allegheniensis Present Native Uncommon
Canadian woodnettle Laportea canadensis Present Native Rare
Canadian clearweed Pilea pumila Present Native Common
Common Dodder, Love Vine Cuscuta gronovii Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
downy rattlesnake plantain Goodyera pubescens Present Native Unknown
Dame's Rocket Hesperis matronalis Present Non-native Rare
Deptford pink Dianthus armeria Present Non-native Rare
Doorweed, Common Knotgrass Polygonum aviculare Present Non-native Rare
devil's shoestring, erect knotweed, wireweed Polygonum erectum Present Native Rare
deerberry Vaccinium stamineum Present Native Rare
downy milkpea Galactia volubilis Present Native Rare
downy yellow violet Viola pubescens Present Native Unknown
dallas grass, dallis grass, dallisgrass, herbe de miel, herbe sirop, hiku nua, palpalum dilate, water grass Paspalum dilatatum Probably Present Non-native - -
dutchman's breeches Dicentra cucullaria Present Native Rare
devil's darning needles Clematis virginiana Present Native Unknown
dwarf larkspur Delphinium tricorne Present Native Unknown
Dwarf Cinquefoil Potentilla canadensis Present Native Rare
Deadly Nightshade Solanum dulcamara Present Non-native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
English ivy Hedera helix Present Non-native Rare
English holly Ilex aquifolium Probably Present Non-native - -
eastern daisy fleabane Erigeron annuus Present Native Rare
early goldenrod Solidago juncea Present Native Unknown
eastern redcedar Juniperus virginiana Present Native Rare
eastern redbud Cercis canadensis Present Native Rare
Eyebane, Upright Spotted Spurge Chamaesyce maculata Present Native Rare
eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides Present Native Unknown
early blue violet Viola palmata Present Native Unknown
enchanter's nightshade Circaea quadrisulcata Present Native Unknown
eastern white pine Pinus strobus Present Native Rare
Eastern Hemlock Tsuga canadensis Present Native Unknown
eastern narrowleaf sedge Carex amphibola Present Native Rare
eastern woodland sedge Carex blanda Present Native Rare
Eastern Star Sedge Carex radiata Present Native Rare
eastern bottlebrush grass Elymus hystrix var. hystrix Present Native Unknown
ebony spleenwort Asplenium platyneuron Present Native Rare
Evergreen Wood Fern Dryopteris intermedia Present Native Rare
early woodbuttercup Ranunculus abortivus Present Native Rare
early meadow-rue Thalictrum dioicum Probably Present Native - -
European crab apple, European crabapple Malus sylvestris Present Non-native Unknown
eastern poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans Present Native Abundant
early saxifrage Saxifraga virginiensis Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
FIELD GARLIC Allium vineale Present Non-native Rare
feathery false lily of the vally Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum Present Native Rare
false daisy Eclipta prostrata Present Native Rare
florida lettuce Lactuca floridana Present Native Rare
Field Mustard, Rape Brassica rapa Present Non-native Rare
field pepperweed Lepidium campestre Present Non-native Rare
falsemermaid Floerkea proserpinacoides Present Native Rare
flowering dogwood Cornus florida Present Native Rare
fourleaf yam Dioscorea quaternata Present Native Rare
Fringed Loosestrife Lysimachia ciliata Present Native Unknown
field clover Trifolium campestre Present Non-native Rare
fragrant bedstraw Galium triflorum Present Native Rare
False Pimpernel Lindernia dubia Present Native Unknown
frog fruit, lanceleaf fogfruit, lanceleaf frog fruit, lanceleaf frogfruit, northern fogfruit Phyla lanceolata Present Native Unknown
field pansy Viola bicolor Present Native Rare
Frank's sedge Carex frankii Present Native Rare
fuzzy wuzzy sedge Carex hirsutella Present Native Rare
field rush Juncus tenuis Present Native Uncommon
Fringed Brome Bromus ciliatus Present Native Unknown
fowl mannagrass Glyceria striata Present Native Unknown
frost grape Vitis vulpina Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Great Ragweed Ambrosia trifida Present Native Rare
golden ragwort Packera aurea Present Native Unknown
gall of the earth Prenanthes trifoliolata Present Native Rare
goldenrod Solidago - - - - - -
Gray Goldenrod Solidago nemoralis Probably Present Native - -
great blue lobelia Lobelia siphilitica Present Native Rare
Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolata Present Non-native Abundant
Green Amaranth, Pigweed Amaranthus hybridus Present Native Unknown
Green Amaranth, Pigweed Amaranthus retroflexus Present Non-native Unknown
ground ivy Glechoma hederacea Present Non-native Uncommon
Golden Bells Forsythia viridissima Present Non-native Unknown
green ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica Present Native Common
green ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica var. subintegerrima Present Native Unknown
great yellow wood-sorrel Oxalis grandis Probably Present Native - -
Gray's sedge Carex grayi Present Native Rare
Greater Straw Sedge Carex normalis Present Native Unknown
green bulrush Scirpus atrovirens Present Native Unknown
grape Vitis - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
harbinger of spring Erigenia bulbosa Present Native Abundant
hierba del marrano Symphyotrichum divaricatum Present Native Unknown
Hedge Mustard Sisymbrium officinale Present Non-native Unknown
hairy forked nailwort Paronychia fastigiata Present Native Unknown
halberd-leaved tear-thumb Polygonum arifolium Present Native Unknown
heartwing sorrel Rumex hastatulus Present Native Rare
honeysuckle Lonicera - - - - - -
hillside blueberry Vaccinium vacillans Present Native Unknown
hoary ticktrefoil Desmodium canescens Present Native Unknown
honeylocust Gleditsia triacanthos Present Native Rare
Hop Clover, Yellow clover Trifolium aureum Present Non-native Unknown
hophornbeam Ostrya virginiana Present Native Rare
honeyvine Cynanchum laeve Present Native Unknown
Hairy skullcap Scutellaria elliptica Present Native Unknown
Hay Sedge Carex argyrantha Present Native Rare
hairy jointgrass Arthraxon hispidus Probably Present Non-native - -
hairy wood brome grass Bromus pubescens Present Native Unknown
hairy wildrye Elymus villosus Present Native Unknown
Hay-scented Fern Dennstaedtia punctilobula Present Native Rare
hepatica Hepatica americana Present Native Unknown
hairy buttercup Ranunculus sardous Present Non-native Unknown
hawthorns Crataegus - - - - - -
Horse chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum Present Non-native Rare
hedge false bindweed Calystegia sepium ssp. sepium Present Non-native Rare
horse-nettle Solanum carolinense Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Indian-tobacco Lobelia inflata Present Native Rare
Indian pipe Monotropa uniflora Present Native Rare
Indianhemp Apocynum cannabinum Present Native Unknown
Indian cucumber Medeola virginiana Present Native Unknown
intermediate enchanter's nightshade Circaea canadensis Probably Present Native - -
inflated narrow-leaf sedge Carex grisea Present Native Rare
Indian goosegrass Eleusine indica Present Non-native Unknown
Indiangrass, yellow indian-grass Sorghastrum nutans Present Native Rare
Indian strawberry Duchesnea indica Present Non-native Common
Ivy-leaved morning glory Ipomoea hederacea Present Non-native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Jack in the pulpit Arisaema triphyllum Present Native Rare
jumpseed Polygonum virginianum Present Native Uncommon
Japanese honeysuckle Lonicera japonica Present Non-native Common
jewelweed Impatiens capensis Present Native Uncommon
James' sedge Carex jamesii Present Native Rare
Japanese bristlegrass Setaria faberi Present Non-native Unknown
Johnsongrass Sorghum halepense Present Non-native Unknown
Japanese barberry Berberis thunbergii Present Non-native Rare
Japanese hop Humulus japonicus Present Non-native Rare
Jamestown weed, jimsonweed, mad apple, moonflower, stinkwort, thorn apple Datura stramonium Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
knotweed, smartweed species Polygonum - - - - - -
Kentucky coffeetree Gymnocladus dioicus Present Native Rare
Kentucky bluegrass Poa pratensis Present Non-native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
longstyle sweetroot Osmorhiza longistylis Present Native Rare
lesser quickweed Galinsoga parviflora Present Non-native Unknown
late purple aster Symphyotrichum patens var. patens Present Native Unknown
lyre-leaved rockcress Arabis lyrata Present Native Unknown
Lamb's Quarters, Pigweed Chenopodium album Present Non-native Uncommon
Lesser Stitchwort Stellaria graminea Present Non-native Rare
longroot smartweed Polygonum coccineum Probably Present Native - -
lady's-thumb Polygonum persicaria Present Non-native Uncommon
licorice bedstraw Galium circaezans Present Native Rare
longleaf summer bluet Houstonia longifolia Present Native Rare
Leatherleaf Grapefern Botrychium multifidum Present Native Rare
lizard's tail Saururus cernuus Present Native Unknown
lady fern Athyrium filix-femina Present Native Rare
large-leaved avens Geum macrophyllum Probably Present Native - -
longleaf groundcherry Physalis longifolia var. subglabrata Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
meadow garlic Allium canadense Present Native Rare
Mayweed, Stinking Chamomile Anthemis cotula Present Non-native Rare
musk thistle Carduus nutans Present Non-native Unknown
MEXICAN TEA Chenopodium ambrosioides Present Non-native Unknown
MILE-A-MINUTE TEARTHUMB Polygonum perfoliatum Present Non-native Rare
mapleleaf viburnum Viburnum acerifolium Present Native Unknown
Morrow's Honeysuckle Lonicera morrowii Present Non-native Rare
Mountain Laurel Kalmia latifolia Present Native Rare
Moneywort Lysimachia nummularia Present Non-native Rare
mockernut hickory Carya alba Present Native Rare
mockernut hickory Carya tomentosa Present Native Unknown
Motherwort Leonurus cardiaca Present Non-native Rare
mint Mentha - - - - - -
Maryland figwort Scrophularia marilandica Present Native Rare
Moth Mullein Verbascum blattaria Present Non-native Unknown
Maryland meadowbeauty Rhexia mariana Present Native Rare
meadow brome Bromus commutatus Present Non-native Rare
meadow fescue Lolium pratense Present Non-native Rare
mountain spleenwort Asplenium montanum Present Native Unknown
Marginal Shield Fern Dryopteris marginalis Present Native Rare
mayapple Podophyllum peltatum Present Native Rare
multiflora rose Rosa multiflora Present Non-native Common
muscadine Vitis rotundifolia Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
nakedflower ticktrefoil Desmodium nudiflorum Present Native Rare
Northern Red Oak Quercus rubra Present Native Rare
northern catalpa Catalpa speciosa Present Native Unknown
narrowleaf plantain Plantago lanceolata Present Non-native Rare
northern spicebush Lindera benzoin Present Native Uncommon
Norway Spruce Picea abies Present Non-native Unknown
nodding fescue Festuca obtusa - - - - - -
nodding fescue Festuca subverticillata Present Native Common
Nepalese browntop Microstegium vimineum Present Non-native Common
nimblewill Muhlenbergia schreberi Present Native Uncommon
northern maidenhair Adiantum pedatum Present Native Unknown
New York fern Thelypteris noveboracensis Present Native Rare
Norway maple Acer platanoides Probably Present Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
orange daylily Hemerocallis fulva Present Non-native Unknown
oriental bittersweet Celastrus orbiculatus Present Non-native Rare
ovalleaf sedge Carex cephalophora Present Native Rare
ovate spikerush Eleocharis ovata Present Native Unknown
Oats Avena sativa Present Non-native Unknown
Orchard Grass Dactylis glomerata Present Non-native Rare
osage orange Maclura pomifera Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
poison-hemlock Conium maculatum Present Non-native Rare
puttyroot orchid Aplectrum hyemale Present Native Unknown
panicled aster Aster simplex Present Native Unknown
plumeless thistle Carduus acanthoides Present Non-native Rare
Philadelphia fleabane Erigeron philadelphicus Present Native Unknown
Pineapple Weed Matricaria discoidea Present Non-native Unknown
palespike lobelia Lobelia spicata Present Native Rare
pigweed, spiny amaranth Amaranthus spinosus Present Native Rare
Pennsylvania knotweed, Pennsylvania smartweed, pinkweed, pinweed Polygonum pensylvanicum Present Native Rare
pale touch-me-not Impatiens pallida Present Native Unknown
perennial or garden phlox Phlox paniculata Present Native Unknown
perplexed ticktrefoil Desmodium perplexum Present Native Unknown
pin oak Quercus palustris Present Native Unknown
pignut hickory Carya glabra Present Native Rare
piedmont bedstraw Cruciata pedemontana Present Non-native Unknown
Partridgeberry Mitchella repens Present Native Unknown
purple dead-nettle Lamium purpureum Present Non-native Rare
Peppermint Mentha X piperita Present Non-native Rare
princesstree Paulownia tomentosa Present Non-native Rare
perfoliate bellwort Uvularia perfoliata Present Native Unknown
pawpaw Asimina triloba Present Native Uncommon
prickly fanpetals Sida spinosa Present Native Rare
Pitch Pine Pinus rigida Present Native Unknown
parachute sedge Carex tonsa var. rugosperma Present Native Rare
poverty oatgrass Danthonia spicata Present Native Rare
panicgrass, panicum Panicum - - - - - -
pearl millet, pearl-millet, yellow bristlegrass Pennisetum glaucum Present Non-native Unknown
prairie wedgegrass Sphenopholis obtusata Present Native Rare
purpletop Tridens flavus Present Native Unknown
Pin Cherry, Fire Cherry Prunus pensylvanica Present Native Rare
- - Pyrus malus Present Native Unknown
Pennsylvania Pellitory Parietaria pensylvanica Present Native Rare
painted buckeye Aesculus sylvatica Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Queen Anne's lace Daucus carota Present Non-native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
rice button aster Aster dumosus Probably Present Native - -
robin's plantain Erigeron pulchellus Present Native Rare
Rough Hawkweed Hieracium scabrum Present Native Rare
rattlesnakeweed Hieracium venosum Present Native Unknown
round-leaf groundsel, roundleaf ragwort Senecio obovatus Probably Present Native - -
Rough-stemmed Goldenrod Solidago rugosa Present Native Unknown
Round-leaved Dogwood Cornus rugosa Probably Present Native - -
red clover Trifolium pratense Present Non-native Rare
river birch Betula nigra Probably Present Native - -
Rough Bedstraw Galium asprellum Present Native Unknown
richweed Collinsonia canadensis Present Native Unknown
rough hedge nettle Stachys tenuifolia Present Native Rare
roundleaf greenbrier Smilax rotundifolia Present Native Uncommon
ROSE OF SHARON Hibiscus syriacus Present Non-native Unknown
rattlesnake fern Botrychium virginianum Present Native Rare
richwoods sedge Carex oligocarpa Present Native Rare
rosy sedge Carex rosea Present Native Rare
Redtop Agrostis gigantea Present Non-native Rare
Redtop Agrostis stolonifera Present Native Rare
rescue grass Bromus catharticus Present Non-native Rare
riverbank wild-rye Elymus riparius Present Native Uncommon
red fescue Festuca rubra Present Native Rare
Rice Cutgrass Leersia oryzoides Present Native Rare
redtop panicgrass Panicum rigidulum var. pubescens Present Native Unknown
reed canary grass Phalaris arundinacea Present Native Unknown
rough bluegrass Poa trivialis Present Non-native Uncommon
Rock Polypody Polypodium virginianum Present Native Unknown
Rue anemone Anemonella thalictroides Present Native Unknown
round-leaved hepatica Hepatica nobilis var. obtusa Present Native Unknown
rue anemone Thalictrum thalictroides Present Native Unknown
red mulberry Morus rubra Present Native Rare
roughfruit cinquefoil Potentilla recta Present Non-native Unknown
red maple Acer rubrum Present Native Uncommon
river-bank grape Vitis riparia Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Skunk Cabbage Symplocarpus foetidus Present Native Unknown
spreading chervil Chaerophyllum procumbens Present Native Unknown
Solomon's-seal Polygonatum biflorum Present Native Rare
showy orchid Galearis spectabilis Present Native Unknown
Spanish needles Bidens bipinnata Present Native Rare
spotted knapweed Centaurea maculosa Probably Present Non-native - -
shaggy-soldier Galinsoga quadriradiata Present Non-native Rare
Spiny-leaved Sow Thistle Sonchus asper Present Non-native Unknown
Short's aster Symphyotrichum shortii Present Native Rare
smooth rockcress Arabis laevigata Present Native Unknown
Short's rockcress Arabis shortii Present Native Unknown
Shepherd's Purse Capsella bursa-pastoris Present Non-native Rare
spring cress Cardamine bulbosa Present Native Unknown
smooth forked nailwort Paronychia canadensis Present Native Unknown
star chickweed Stellaria pubera Present Native Uncommon
swamp smartweed Polygonum hydropiperoides Present Native Rare
silky dogwood Cornus amomum Present Native Unknown
striped prince's pine Chimaphila maculata Present Native Unknown
Sourwood Oxydendrum arboreum Probably Present Native - -
Scarlet Pimpernel Anagallis arvensis Present Non-native Rare
silktree Albizia julibrissin Probably Present Non-native - -
slender lespedeza Lespedeza virginica Present Native Unknown
swamp white oak Quercus bicolor Present Native Rare
scarlet oak Quercus coccinea Present Native Rare
shagbark hickory Carya ovata Present Native Rare
swamp milkweed Asclepias incarnata Present Native Unknown
stickywilly Galium aparine Present Native Rare
shining bedstraw Galium concinnum Present Native Rare
spotted geranium Geranium maculatum Present Native Unknown
small-flowered crane's-bill Geranium pusillum Present Non-native Rare
sharpwing monkeyflower Mimulus alatus Present Native Rare
speedwell Veronica - - - - - -
sassafras Sassafras albidum Present Native Rare
Star-of-Bethlehem Ornithogalum umbellatum Present Non-native Unknown
saucer magnolia Magnolia X soulangiana Probably Present Non-native - -
spotted St. Johnswort Hypericum punctatum Present Native Rare
striped cream violet Viola striata Present Native Rare
seedbox Ludwigia alternifolia Present Native Unknown
sparselobe grapefern Botrychium biternatum Present Native Rare
spruce Picea - - - - - -
sedge Carex caroliniana Present Native Unknown
soft fox sedge Carex conjuncta Present Native Rare
sedge Carex digitalis Present Native Rare
spreading sedge Carex laxiculmis Present Native Rare
Sallow Sedge Carex lurida Present Native Rare
sedge Carex swanii Present Native Rare
sedge Carex virescens Present Native Rare
straw-colored nutsedge Cyperus strigosus Present Native Rare
stout woodreed Cinna arundinacea Present Native Unknown
starved panicgrass Dichanthelium depauperatum Present Native Unknown
slender crabgrass Digitaria filiformis Present Native Unknown
spinulose wood fern Dryopteris carthusiana Present Native Unknown
Sensitive Fern, Beadfern Onoclea sensibilis Present Native Unknown
squirrel corn Dicentra canadensis Present Native Rare
soft agrimony Agrimonia pubescens Present Native Rare
Swamp Shadbush Amelanchier canadensis Probably Present Native - -
sweet cherry Prunus avium Present Non-native Unknown
sour cherry Prunus cerasus Present Non-native Rare
slippery elm Ulmus rubra Present Native Common
smallspike false nettle Boehmeria cylindrica Present Native Rare
Stinging Nettle Urtica dioica Present Non-native Rare
smooth sumac Rhus glabra Probably Present Native - -
staghorn sumac Rhus typhina Present Native Unknown
silver maple Acer saccharinum Present Native Uncommon
sugar maple Acer saccharum Present Native Rare
SMALL-FLOWERED MORNING-GLORY Ipomoea lacunosa Present Native Rare
summer grape Vitis aestivalis Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
trumpetweed Eupatorium fistulosum Present Native Unknown
thinleaf sunflower Helianthus decapetalus Present Native Unknown
Tall Blue Lettuce Lactuca biennis Present Native Rare
tearthumb Polygonum sagittatum Present Native Rare
trumpet creeper Campsis radicans Present Native Rare
Turtlehead Chelone glabra Present Native Unknown
Thyme-leaved Speedwell Veronica serpyllifolia Present Non-native Rare
Trout Lily, Dogtooth Violet Erythronium americanum Present Native Rare
toadshade Trillium sessile Present Native Common
tuliptree Liriodendron tulipifera Present Native Uncommon
three-seeded mercury Acalypha rhomboidea Present Native Rare
thicket sedge Carex abscondita Present Native Rare
troublesome sedge Carex molesta Present Native Unknown
timothy Phleum pratense Present Non-native Rare
toothed wood-fern Dryopteris spinulosa Probably Present Native - -
thimbleweed Anemone virginiana Present Native Unknown
Tall Buttercup Ranunculus acris Present Non-native Unknown
tall meadow rue Thalictrum polygamum Probably Present Native - -
tree-of-heaven Ailanthus altissima Present Non-native Uncommon
tall morning-glory Ipomoea purpurea Probably Present Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Upland Bent Agrostis perennans Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Virginia waterleaf Hydrophyllum virginianum Present Native Rare
Virginia bluebells Mertensia virginica Present Native Uncommon
Virginia springbeauty Claytonia virginica Present Native Uncommon
Virginia Bulgleweed Lycopus virginicus Present Native Rare
veiny skullcap Scutellaria nervosa Present Native Rare
velvetleaf Abutilon theophrasti Present Non-native Rare
Virginia pine Pinus virginiana Present Native Unknown
Virginia wild rye, Virginia wildrye Elymus virginicus Present Native Rare
Virginia creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
wild leek Allium tricoccum Present Native Rare
white snakeroot Ageratina altissima var. altissima Present Native Rare
woman's tobacco Antennaria plantaginifolia Present Native Unknown
white wood aster Eurybia divaricata Present Native Rare
white goldenrod Solidago bicolor Present Native Unknown
wreath goldenrod Solidago caesia Present Native Rare
white panicle aster Symphyotrichum lanceolatum var. lanceolatum Present Native Unknown
wingstem Verbesina alternifolia Present Native Uncommon
Winter Cress, Yellow Rocket Barbarea vulgaris Present Non-native Rare
Wild Radish Raphanus raphanistrum Probably Present Non-native - -
watercress Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum Present Native Unknown
white campion Lychnis alba Present Native Unknown
White Campion, White Cockle Silene latifolia ssp. alba Present Non-native Unknown
widowsfrill Silene stellata Present Native Unknown
wild hydrangea Hydrangea arborescens Present Native Unknown
WILD TEASEL Dipsacus sylvestris Probably Present Non-native - -
wild blue phlox Phlox divaricata Present Native Unknown
white sweetclover Melilotus alba Present Non-native Unknown
white clover Trifolium repens Present Non-native Rare
white oak Quercus alba Present Native Rare
Wild Madder Galium mollugo Present Non-native Rare
Water Horehound Lycopus americanus Present Native Unknown
wildbergamot beebalm Monarda fistulosa Probably Present Native - -
woundwort Stachys palustris Present Native Unknown
white ash Fraxinus americana Present Native Rare
white vervain Verbena urticifolia Present Native Rare
Wild Oats Uvularia sessilifolia