Niobrara National Scenic River Park

Rank: 247

Park Description

The Niobrara National Scenic River is not just the premier recreation river in Nebraska. It is a unique crossroads where many species of plants and animals coexist unlike anywhere else. High water quality and the relatively free-flowing nature of the Niobrara support diverse life while unique fossil-filled sandstone cliffs host over 200 waterfalls.

Park Address

Niobrara National Scenic River 214 W. Highway 20

Valentine, NE, 69201

Niobrara National Scenic River Park Activites













Species in Niobrara National Scenic River Park by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in Niobrara National Scenic River Park. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American bison, bison Bos bison Present Native Unknown
American Beaver, Beaver, Canadian Beaver Castor canadensis Present Native Common
Arizona black-tailed prairie dog, Black-tailed Prairie Dog Cynomys ludovicianus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bobcat Lynx rufus Present Native Unknown
badger Taxidea taxus Probably Present Native - -
big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus Present Native Common
black-tailed jack rabbit, Black-tailed Jackrabbit Lepus californicus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
coyote Canis latrans Present Native Common
Cougar, mountain lion, Puma Puma concolor Present Native Unknown
common otter, North American River Otter, northern river otter, river otter Lontra canadensis Present Native Unknown
Common Muskrat, Muskrat, Musquash, Water Rat Ondatra zibethicus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
elk, Red Deer (see comments), wapiti, wapiti or elk Cervus elaphus Present Native Common
eastern red bat Lasiurus borealis Present Native Unknown
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Present Native Common
eastern fox squirrel Sciurus niger Present Native Unknown
eastern mole Scalopus aquaticus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus Probably Present Native - -
Hedgehog, Porcupine Erethizon dorsatum Present Native Unknown
hispid pocket mouse Chaetodipus hispidus Present Native Unknown
house mouse Mus musculus Present Non-native Unknown
Hayden's shrew, Prairie Shrew Sorex haydeni Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Moose Alces alces Present Native Rare
mule deer Odocoileus hemionus Present Native Unknown
mink Mustela vison Present Native Unknown
meadow jumping mouse Zapus hudsonius Present Native Common
meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus Present Native Unknown
Masked Shrew Sorex cinereus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern bat Myotis septentrionalis Present Native Unknown
northern short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ord's kangaroo rat Dipodomys ordii Present Native Common
Olive-backed Pocket Mouse Perognathus fasciatus Probably Present Native - -
orthern grasshopper mouse Onychomys leucogaster Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pronghorn, Pronghorn Antilocapra americana Present Native Unknown
Plains pocket gopher Geomys bursarius Present Native Unknown
plains pocket mouse Perognathus flavescens Present Native Common
prairie vole Microtus ochrogaster Present Native Common
prairie deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus Present Native Abundant
plains harvest mouse Reithrodontomys montanus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red fox Vulpes vulpes Probably Present Native - -
raccoon Procyon lotor Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis Present Native Unknown
southern bog lemming Synaptomys cooperi Probably Present Native - -
Spotted Ground Squirrel Spermophilus spilosoma Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
thirteen-lined ground squirrel Spermophilus tridecemlineatus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Present Native Unknown
western small-footed bat Myotis ciliolabrum Present Native Unknown
white-tailed jack rabbit, White-tailed Jackrabbit Lepus townsendii Present Native Unknown
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Present Native Abundant
western harvest mouse Reithrodontomys megalotis Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Golden Eagle, Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos Present Native Occasional
American Rough-legged Hawk, Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus Present Native Uncommon
American Pintail, Northern Pintail, Pintail Anas acuta Present Native Occasional
American Wigeon, Baldpate Anas americana Present Native Occasional
American Golden-eye, Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula Present Native Common
American Merganser, Common Merganser Mergus merganser Present Native Common
American Golden Plover, American Golden-Plover, Eastern American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica Unconfirmed Native - -
American Black Tern, Black Tern Chlidonias niger Present Native Rare
American Avocet, Avocet Recurvirostra americana Present Native Rare
american woodcock Scolopax minor Present Native Unknown
American Peregrine Falcon, Duck Hawk, Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Present Native Occasional
american kestrel Falco sparverius Present Native Common
American Coot, Northern American Coot Fulica americana Present Native Occasional
american crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Present Native Common
american tree sparrow Spizella arborea Present Native Uncommon
american goldfinch Carduelis tristis Present Native Common
American goldfinch Spinus tristis Present - - - -
american redstart Setophaga ruticilla Present Native Uncommon
american robin Turdus migratorius Present Native Abundant
alder flycatcher Empidonax alnorum Present Native Occasional
Arkansas Kingbird, Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis Present Native Uncommon
American Egret, Common Egret?, Great Egret Ardea alba Unconfirmed Native - -
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus Present Native Occasional
American White Pelican, White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Present Native Rare
American Long-eared Owl, Long-eared Owl Asio otus Present Native Occasional
American Great Gray Owl, Great Gray Owl Strix nebulosa Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
broad-winged hawk Buteo platypterus Present Native Rare
Bald Eagle, Northern Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Present Native Common
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Present Native Common
Bufflehead, Buffle-head Bucephala albeola Present Native Uncommon
Blue Goose, Snow Goose Chen caerulescens Present Native Rare
Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola Present Native Unknown
Bartramian Sandpiper, Upland Plover, Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda Present Native Common
Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii Present Native Occasional
Belted Kingfisher, Eastern Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Present Native Common
Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon Present - - - -
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus Present Native Uncommon
Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea Present Native Rare
Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus Present Native Common
Brown Creeper Certhia americana Present Native Rare
blue jay Cyanocitta cristata Present Native Common
Black-billed Magpie Pica hudsonia Present Native Rare
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Common
Bank Swallow, Common Bank Swallow Riparia riparia Present Native Uncommon
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus Present Native Occasional
Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus Unconfirmed Native - -
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Present Native Common
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Native Common
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Present Native Common
Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus Present Native Abundant
bay-breasted warbler Dendroica castanea Present Native Rare
blackpoll warbler Dendroica striata Present Native Occasional
black-throated green warbler Dendroica virens Present Native Occasional
black-and-white warbler Mniotilta varia Present Native Rare
blue-winged warbler Vermivora pinus Present Native Unknown
Bewick's Wren, Eastern Bewick's Wren Thryomanes bewickii Present Native Unknown
Bell's Vireo Vireo bellii Present Native Uncommon
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius Present Native Occasional
Black-crowned Night Heron, Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Present Native Rare
burrowing owl Athene cunicularia Unconfirmed Native - -
barred owl Strix varia Unconfirmed Native - -
Barn Owl, North American Barn Owl Tyto alba Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
cooper's hawk Accipiter cooperii Present Native Uncommon
Common Mallard, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Present Native Common
Common White-fronted Goose, Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons Present Native Rare
Canvasback Aythya valisineria Present Native Uncommon
Canada Goose, Eastern Canada Goose Branta canadensis Present Native Common
chimney swift Chaetura pelagica Present Native Occasional
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor Present Native Common
Common Poorwill Phalaenoptilus nuttallii Present Native Uncommon
Common Tern, Northern Common Tern Sterna hirundo Present Native Rare
Common Partridge, European Gray Partridge, European Partridge, Gray Partridge Perdix perdix Present Non-native Occasional
Common Loon, Greater Common Loon Gavia immer Unconfirmed Native - -
cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Present Native Uncommon
Common Raven, Northern Raven, Raven Corvus corax Unconfirmed Native - -
Clark's Nutcracker Nucifraga columbiana Unconfirmed Native - -
Chestnut-collared Longspur Calcarius ornatus Present Native Occasional
Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida Present Native Uncommon
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present Native Common
Common Redpoll, Greater Redpoll, Mealy Redpoll Carduelis flammea Unconfirmed Native - -
Canadian Pine Grosbeak, Newfoundland Pine Grosbeak, Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator Unconfirmed Native - -
Cliff Swallow, Eastern Cliff Swallow, Eave Swallow, Northern Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Present Native Common
common grackle Quiscalus quiscula Present Native Common
common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Present Native Common
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Dickcissel Spiza americana Present Native Rare
dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis Present Native Abundant
downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens Present Native Uncommon
Double-crested Cormorant, Northern Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Goshawk, Goshawk, Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Present Native Rare
Eastern White-winged Scoter, White-winged Coot, White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca Present Native Unknown
Eastern Piping Plover, Piping Plover Charadrius melodus Present Native Common
Eastern Least Tern, Least Tern Sterna antillarum Present Native Common
Eastern Willet, Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus Present Native Rare
Eastern Solitary Sandpiper, Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria Present Native Rare
Eastern Pigeon Hawk, Merlin, Pigeon Hawk Falco columbarius Present Native Rare
Eastern Lark Sparrow, Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus Present Native Common
Eastern Savannah Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Present Native Rare
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Present Native Common
Eastern Vesper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Present Native Rare
evening grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus Present Native Uncommon
eastern meadowlark Sturnella magna Present Native Rare
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present Non-native Uncommon
eastern bluebird Sialia sialis Present Native Common
eastern wood-pewee Contopus virens Present Native Occasional
eastern phoebe Sayornis phoebe Present Native Uncommon
eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Present Native Common
Eastern Green Heron, Green heron, Green-backed Heron Butorides virescens Present Native Uncommon
Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis Present Native Rare
eastern screech-owl Megascops asio Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis Present Native Rare
Franklin's Gull Larus pipixcan Present Native Uncommon
Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri Present Native Rare
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca Present Native Occasional
field sparrow Spizella pusilla Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca Present Native Uncommon
Gadwall Anas strepera Present Native Unknown
Greater Scaup, Greater Scaup Duck Aythya marila Unconfirmed Native - -
Greater Yellowlegs, Greater Yellow-legs Tringa melanoleuca Present Native Rare
Greater Prairie Chicken, Greater Prairie-Chicken Tympanuchus cupido Present Native Rare
grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum Present Native Abundant
Great Gray Shrike, Northern Shrike Lanius excubitor Present Native Rare
gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis Present Native Uncommon
golden-crowned kinglet Regulus satrapa Present Native Occasional
gray-cheeked thrush Catharus minimus Unconfirmed Native - -
great crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Present Native Common
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present Native Abundant
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus Present Native Rare
horned lark Eremophila alpestris Present Native Abundant
Harris' Sparrow, Harris's Sparrow Zonotrichia querula Present Native Rare
house sparrow Passer domesticus Present Non-native Common
house wren Troglodytes aedon Present Native Common
hermit thrush Catharus guttatus Present Native Occasional
hairy woodpecker Picoides villosus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Killdeer, Northern Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Present Native Common
King Rail, Northern King Rail Rallus elegans Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lesser Scaup, Lesser Scaup Duck Aythya affinis Present Native Uncommon
Long-tailed Duck, Old Squaw, Oldsquaw Clangula hyemalis Unconfirmed Native - -
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla Present Native Uncommon
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus Present Native Uncommon
Long-billed Curlew, Southern Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus Present Native Common
Lesser Yellowlegs, Lesser Yellow-legs Tringa flavipes Unconfirmed Native - -
Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena Present Native Rare
Le Conte's Sparrow, LeConte's Sparrow Ammodramus leconteii Unconfirmed Native - -
Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys Present Native Uncommon
Lincoln's Sparrow, Northern Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Present Native Uncommon
loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus Present Native Common
Long-billed Marsh Wren, Marsh Wren, Prairie Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris Present Native Uncommon
least flycatcher Empidonax minimus Present Native Occasional
Least Bittern, Eastern Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis Present Native Occasional
Lewis' Woodpecker Melanerpes lewis Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Abundant
mourning warbler Oporornis philadelphia Unconfirmed Native - -
Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Present Native Common
Northern shoveler, Shoveller Anas clypeata Present Native Occasional
Northern Ruddy Duck, Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Present Native Rare
northern bobwhite Colinus virginianus Present Native Uncommon
Northern Virginia Rail, Virginia Rail Rallus limicola Present Native Occasional
northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Present Native Uncommon
northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Present Native Common
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Present Native Rare
northern parula Parula americana Present Native Unknown
Northern Waterthrush, Northern Water-Thrush Seiurus noveboracensis Present Native Unknown
nashville warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Present Native Unknown
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present Native Common
Northern Short-eared Owl, Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
osprey Pandion haliaetus Present Native Uncommon
orchard oriole Icterus spurius Present Native Common
Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla Present Native Uncommon
orange-crowned warbler Vermivora celata Present Native Common
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos Present Native Occasional
Prairie Falcon Falco mexicanus Present Native Rare
Pheasant, Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Present Non-native Uncommon
Pinyon Jay Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus Unconfirmed Native - -
Pine siskin Carduelis pinus Present Native Uncommon
purple finch Carpodacus purpureus Present Native Rare
purple martin Progne subis Present Native Occasional
prairie warbler Dendroica discolor Present Native Occasional
palm warbler Dendroica palmarum Present Native Rare
Philadelphia vireo Vireo philadelphicus Present Native Unknown
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present Native Common
Redhead Aythya americana Present Native Uncommon
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Present Native Uncommon
ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris Present Native Rare
Ringed Plover, Semipalmated Plover, Semipalmated Ringed Plover Charadrius semipalmatus Present Native Occasional
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Present Native Uncommon
rock dove Columba livia Present Non-native Rare
rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus Present Native Rare
Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra Present Native Rare
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Common
rusty blackbird Euphagus carolinus Present Native Rare
ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula Present Native Rare
red-breasted nuthatch Sitta canadensis Present Native Common
Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus Present Native Rare
red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus Present Native Common
red-bellied woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus Present Native Uncommon
red-headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sharp-shinned hawk Accipiter striatus Present Native Uncommon
Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni Present Native Uncommon
Snowy Plover Charadrius alexandrinus Unconfirmed Native - -
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius Present Native Abundant
Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus Present Native Rare
Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla Present Native Occasional
Sharp-tailed Grouse Tympanuchus phasianellus Present Native Uncommon
Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis Present Native Rare
Sora Rail, Sora Porzana carolina Present Native Occasional
swamp sparrow Melospiza georgiana Present Native Rare
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Present Native Common
scarlet tanager Piranga olivacea Present Native Rare
Sedge Wren, Short-billed Marsh Wren, Short-billed Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis Unconfirmed Native - -
swainson's thrush Catharus ustulatus Unconfirmed Native - -
Say's Phoebe Sayornis saya Present Native Rare
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Common
Trumpeter Swan Cygnus buccinator Present Native Occasional
Tundra Swan, Whistling Swan Cygnus columbianus Unconfirmed Native - -
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Present Native Common
tufted titmouse Baeolophus bicolor Unconfirmed Native - -
tennessee warbler Vermivora peregrina Present Native Rare
Townsend's Solitaire Myadestes townsendi Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Violet-green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Wood Duck Aix sponsa Present Native Common
whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus Present Native Occasional
White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis Present Native Occasional
Wilson's Snipe Gallinago delicata Present Native Uncommon
Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor Present Native Rare
Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo Present Native Abundant
Whooping Crane Grus americana Present Native Rare
white-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Present Native Rare
white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Present Native Common
White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera Present Native Occasional
Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta Present Native Abundant
white-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Present Native Rare
Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana Present Native Rare
winter wren Troglodytes troglodytes Present Native Rare
wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina Present Native Rare
western wood-pewee Contopus sordidulus Present Native Occasional
willow flycatcher Empidonax traillii Present Native Rare
warbling vireo Vireo gilvus Present Native Rare
White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi Unconfirmed Native - -
Western Grebe Aechmophorus occidentalis Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Present Native Uncommon
Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Present Native Occasional
yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata Present Native Abundant
yellow warbler Dendroica petechia Present Native Common
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens Present Native Common
yellow-throated vireo Vireo flavifrons Present Native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
black racer Coluber constrictor Present Native Unknown
Bullsnake, Gopher Snake Pituophis catenifer Present Native Common
Blanding's Turtle Emydoidea blandingii Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Earless Lizard, Common Lesser Earless Lizard, Lesser Earless Lizard Holbrookia maculata Present Native Unknown
common snapping turtle Chelydra serpentina Present Native Common
Central Painted Turtle, Eastern Painted Turtle, Midland Painted Turtle, Painted Turtle Chrysemys picta Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern hognose snake Heterodon platirhinos Present Native Unknown
eastern garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis Present Native Common
eastern fence lizard Sceloporus undulatus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
milk snake Lampropeltis triangulum Present Native Unknown
Many-lined Skink Eumeces multivirgatus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern water snake Nerodia sipedon Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
ornate box turtle, Western Box Turtle Terrapene ornata Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
plains garter snake Thamnophis radix Present Native Unknown
Prairie Rattlesnake, Western Rattlesnake Crotalus viridis Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
ringneck snake Diadophis punctatus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
SIX-LINED RACERUNNER Cnemidophorus sexlineatus Present Native Unknown
Smooth Softshell, smooth softshell turtle Apalone mutica Unconfirmed Native - -
spiny softshell turtle Apalone spinifera Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
western hog-nosed snake Heterodon nasicus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Yellow Mud Turtle Kinosternon flavescens Probably Present Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bullfrog Rana catesbeiana Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Frog, Leopard Frog, Meadow Frog, Northern Leopard Frog Rana pipiens Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern tiger salamander Ambystoma tigrinum Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Great Plains toad Bufo cognatus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern cricket frog Acris crepitans Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Plains Leopard Frog Rana blairi Present Native Unknown
plains spadefoot Spea bombifrons Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
rocky mountain toad Bufo woodhousii Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
western chorus frog Pseudacris triseriata Present Native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bigmouth buffalo Ictiobus cyprinellus Unconfirmed Native - -
brassy minnow Hybognathus hankinsoni Present Native Unknown
bigmouth shiner Notropis dorsalis Present Native Unknown
blacknose shiner Notropis heterolepis Unconfirmed Native - -
brook stickleback Culaea inconstans Present Native Unknown
Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus Present Non-native Unknown
black crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Brown Trout, Loch Leven Brown Trout, Scotch Sea-trout Salmo trutta Present Non-native Unknown
Brook Trout, Native Brook Trout Salvelinus fontinalis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
black bullhead Ameiurus melas Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
central stoneroller Campostoma anomalum Unconfirmed Native - -
common carp Cyprinus carpio Present Non-native Unknown
Common Shiner Luxilus cornutus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
creek chub Semotilus atromaculatus Present Native Unknown
Channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
emerald shiner Notropis atherinoides Unconfirmed Unknown - -
eastern blacknose dace Rhinichthys atratulus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
finescale dace Phoxinus neogaeus Probably Present Native - -
Fathead Minnow Pimephales promelas Present Native Unknown
flathead chub Platygobio gracilis Present Native Unknown
flathead catfish Pylodictis olivaris Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
gizzard shad Dorosoma cepedianum Unconfirmed Native - -
Golden Shiner Notemigonus crysoleucas Probably Present Native - -
grass pickerel, redfin or grass pickerel, redfin pickerel Esox americanus Present Native Unknown
goldeye Hiodon alosoides Not In Park Unknown - -
Green Sunfish Lepomis cyanellus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Iowa darter Etheostoma exile Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
johnny darter Etheostoma nigrum Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Kamloops Trout, Rainbow Trout, Steelhead Trout, Steel-head Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
longnose sucker Catostomus catostomus Unconfirmed Native - -
lake chub Couesius plumbeus Unconfirmed Native - -
longnose dace Rhinichthys cataractae Present Native Unknown
Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
muskellunge Esox masquinongy Unconfirmed Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Northern Redbelly Dace, Red-bellied Dace Phoxinus eos Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Northern pike Esox lucius Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Orangespotted Sunfish Lepomis humilis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
plains minnow Hybognathus placitus Unconfirmed Native - -
pearl dace Margariscus margarita Unconfirmed Unknown - -
plains topminnow Fundulus sciadicus Present Native Unknown
plains killifish Fundulus zebrinus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
quillback Carpiodes cyprinus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
river carpsucker Carpiodes carpio Present Native Unknown
red shiner Cyprinella lutrensis Present Native Unknown
river shiner Notropis blennius Probably Present Native - -
rock bass Ambloplites rupestris Probably Present Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
shovelnose sturgeon Scaphirhynchus platorynchus Not In Park Native - -
shorthead redhorse Moxostoma macrolepidotum Present Native Unknown
sand shiner Notropis stramineus Present Native Unknown
suckermouth minnow Phenacobius mirabilis Unconfirmed Native - -
sauger Sander canadensis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
stonecat Noturus flavus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Topeka shiner Notropis topeka Unconfirmed Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white sucker Catostomus commersonii Present Native Unknown
western silver minnow Hybognathus argyritis Present Native Unknown
white crappie Pomoxis annularis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
walleye Sander vitreus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Yellow Perch Perca flavescens Present Non-native Unknown
yellow bullhead Ameiurus natalis Unconfirmed Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American water plantain, southern water plantain, waterplaintain Alisma subcordatum Unconfirmed Native - -
arrow-grass, seaside arrowgrass Triglochin maritima Probably Present Native - -
asparagus Asparagus officinalis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
annual ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia Present Native Unknown
ashy goldenrod, soft goldenrod, velvety goldenrod, woolly goldenrod Solidago mollis Present Native Unknown
aromatic aster Symphyotrichum oblongifolium Not In Park Native - -
American bellflower Campanulastrum americanum Probably Present Native - -
Aunt Lucy, false babyblueeyes, waterpod Ellisia nyctelea Present Native Unknown
annual buckwheat, annual eriogonum, annual wild buckwheat, annual wildbuckwheat, umbrella plant, wild buckwheat Eriogonum annuum Present Native Unknown
American bittersweet Celastrus scandens Present Native Unknown
American dogwood, red osier Cornus sericea ssp. sericea Present Native Unknown
American hogpeanut Amphicarpaea bracteata Present Native Unknown
American licorice, licorice, wild licorice Glycyrrhiza lepidota Probably Present Native - -
American bird's-foot trefoil, American bird's-foot-trefoil, prairie trefoil, Spanish clover Lotus unifoliolatus var. unifoliolatus Unconfirmed Native - -
alfalfa Medicago sativa ssp. sativa Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Alsike, Alsatian Clover Trifolium hybridum Probably Present Non-native - -
American hazelnut Corylus americana Probably Present Native - -
American dragonhead Dracocephalum parviflorum Unconfirmed Native - -
Allegheny monkey-flower Mimulus ringens Present Native Unknown
American lopseed Phryma leptostachya Present Native Unknown
American speedwell, brooklime Veronica americana Present Native Unknown
American basswood Tilia americana Present Native Unknown
American waterlily, American white waterlily, white waterlily Nymphaea odorata Unconfirmed Native - -
Adder's Tongue Ophioglossum pusillum Probably Present Native - -
Awl Sedge Carex stipata Present Native Unknown
awned flat sedge, bearded flatsedge, bearded nutgrass Cyperus squarrosus Probably Present Native - -
American Great Bulrush Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani Probably Present Native - -
- - Agropyron cristatum Unconfirmed Non-native - -
awnless brome, smooth brome Bromus inermis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
alkali muhly, scratchgrass Muhlenbergia asperifolia Probably Present Native - -
annual pricklypoppy, bluestem prickly poppy, crested pricklypoppy, pricklypoppy, thistle poppy, white prickly poppy Argemone polyanthemos Present Native Unknown
Agrimony Agrimonia gryposepala Present Native Unknown
Avens Geum canadense Present Native Unknown
American plum Prunus americana Present Native Unknown
Arkansas rose, prairie rose, prairie wildrose, wild rose Rosa arkansana Present Native Unknown
American elm Ulmus americana Present Native Unknown
ash-leaf maple, boxelder, boxelder maple Acer negundo var. interius Present Native Unknown
alumroot Heuchera richardsonii Present Native Unknown
American nightshade Solanum ptychanthum Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Bulb-bearing Water Hemlock Cicuta bulbifera Present Native Unknown
beargrass, Great Plains yucca, small soapweed, soapweed yucca, Spanish bayonet, yucca Yucca glauca Present Native Unknown
biennial sagewort, biennial wormwood Artemisia biennis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Beggar Ticks, Stick-tight Bidens frondosa Present Native Unknown
branching conyza, dwarf horseweed Conyza ramosissima Unconfirmed Native - -
Beyrich's fleabane, prairie fleabane Erigeron strigosus var. strigosus Unconfirmed Native - -
blanket flower Gaillardia pulchella Unconfirmed Native - -
broom snakeweed, broomweed, perennial snakeweed, stinkweed, turpentine weed, yellow top Gutierrezia sarothrae Unconfirmed Native - -
Blue lettuce Lactuca tatarica var. pulchella Unconfirmed Native - -
blackeyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta Present Native Unknown
beaked skeletonweed, beaked-skeleton-weed Shinnersoseris rostrata Unconfirmed Native - -
blowball, common dandelion, dandelion, faceclock Taraxacum officinale Present Non-native Unknown
beggarslice Hackelia virginiana Present Native Unknown
Blue mustard Chorispora tenella Unconfirmed Non-native - -
bog marshcress, bog yellowcress, common yellowcress, marsh yellowcress, marshcress, yellow watercress Rorippa palustris Unconfirmed Native - -
bog yellowcress, hispid yellowcress Rorippa palustris ssp. hispida Probably Present Native - -
bee spiderflower, Rocky Mountain beeplant Cleome serrulata Unconfirmed Native - -
burningbush, common kochia, fireweed, Mexican burningbush, Mexican fireweed, Mexican-fireweed, mock cypress, summercypress Kochia scoparia Unconfirmed Non-native - -
brittle cactus, brittle pricklypear, fragile cactus, jumping cactus, little pricklypear Opuntia fragilis Present Native Unknown
bigflower pricklypear, twistspine pricklypear Opuntia macrorhiza var. macrorhiza Unconfirmed Native - -
bractpod chickweed, mouse-ear chickweed, shortstalk chickweed, short-stalk mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium brachypodum Unconfirmed Native - -
Blunt-leaved or Grove Sandwort Moehringia lateriflora Present Native Unknown
black bindweed Polygonum convolvulus Present Non-native Unknown
bristle dock, golden dock Rumex maritimus Present Native Unknown
bractless blazingstar, goodmother, stickleaf mentzelia Mentzelia nuda Unconfirmed Native - -
Bar Harbor Juniper, Creeping Juniper Juniperus horizontalis Present Native Unknown
bastard indigo Amorpha fruticosa Present Native Unknown
bigtop dalea, nine-anther dalea, nineanther prairie clover, nineanther prairieclover, nine-anther prairie-clover Dalea enneandra Unconfirmed Native - -
Black Medick Medicago lupulina Unconfirmed Non-native - -
breadroot scurfpea, Indian breadroot, large Indian breadroot Pediomelum esculentum Present Native Unknown
bur oak Quercus macrocarpa Present Native Unknown
black walnut Juglans nigra Present Native Unknown
bedstraw Galium trifidum Present Native Unknown
blue sage, Pitcher's sage Salvia azurea var. grandiflora Unconfirmed Native - -
broadbeard beardtongue, broad-beard beardtongue Penstemon angustifolius var. angustifolius Present Native Unknown
blackseed plantain Plantago rugelii Not In Park Unknown - -
blue water speedwell, water speedwell Veronica anagallis-aquatica Present Non-native Unknown
bigbract verbena, bracted vervain, carpet vervain, prostrate verbena, prostrate vervain Verbena bracteata Unconfirmed Native - -
Blue Vervain Verbena hastata Present Native Unknown
Blue Ridge carrion-flower Smilax lasioneura Present Native Unknown
broadleaf enchanter's nightshade Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis Present Native Unknown
blackjack pine, bull pine, ponderosa pine, rock pine, western yellow pine Pinus ponderosa Present Native Unknown
Bebb sedge, Bebb's sedge Carex bebbii Present Native Unknown
brevior sedge, fescue sedge, shortbeak sedge Carex brevior Present Native Unknown
bristleleaf sedge, bristle-leaf sedge Carex eburnea Present Native Unknown
bald spikerush, bald spike-rush, spikesedge Eleocharis erythropoda Present Native Unknown
blunt spike-rush Eleocharis obtusa Not In Park Unknown - -
Baltic rush Juncus balticus Present Native Unknown
big bluestem Andropogon gerardii Present Native Unknown
blue grama Bouteloua gracilis Present Native Unknown
Bromegrass Bromus tectorum Present Non-native Unknown
buffalograss Buchloe dactyloides Present Native Unknown
burgrass, field sandbur, innocent-weed, longspine sandbur, mat sandbur, sandbur Cenchrus longispinus Unconfirmed Native - -
bearded wheatgrass, bearded wild rye Elymus caninus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
blowout grass Redfieldia flexuosa Unconfirmed Native - -
broadfruit burreed, broadfruit bur-reed, broad-fruit burr-reed, giant burreed Sparganium eurycarpum Present Native Unknown
broadleaf cattail Typha latifolia Probably Present Native - -
Brook cinquefoil Potentilla rivalis Probably Present Native - -
black raspberry Rubus occidentalis Present Native Unknown
bastard toadflax Comandra umbellata Unconfirmed Native - -
bastard toadflax, common toadflax, pale bastard toadflax, pine bastard toadflax Comandra umbellata ssp. pallida Unconfirmed Native - -
boxelder Acer negundo Present Native Unknown
bush morningglory, bush morning-glory Ipomoea leptophylla Present Native Unknown
Buffalo Bur Solanum rostratum Unconfirmed Native - -
bullhead, caltrop, goathead, Mexican sandbur, puncture vine, Texas sandbur Tribulus terrestris Probably Present Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Arrrowhead Sagittaria latifolia Present Native Unknown
common duckweed, least duckweed, lesser duckweed Lemna minor Unconfirmed Native - -
common duckmeat, common duckweed, greater duckweed Spirodela polyrrhiza Present Native Unknown
Cut-leaf water-parsnip Berula erecta Probably Present Native - -
Cow Parsnip Heracleum maximum Present Native Unknown
Clayton's sweetroot Osmorhiza claytonii Present Native Unknown
Canadian blacksnakeroot Sanicula canadensis Present Native Unknown
common goldstar Hypoxis hirsuta Present Native Unknown
common yarrow Achillea millefolium Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Cuman ragweed, perennial ragweed, western ragweed Ambrosia psilostachya Present Native Unknown
Common Burdock Arctium minus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
common sagewort, field sagewort, Pacific wormwood, wormwood sagewort Artemisia campestris Not In Park Native - -
cudweed sagewort, gray sagewort, Louisiana sagewort, Louisiana wormwood, mugwort wormwood, prairie sage, white sagebrush Artemisia ludoviciana Present Native Unknown
cudweed sagewort, foothill sagewort, Louisiana sagewort, white sagebrush Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana Present Native Unknown
crowned beggarticks Bidens coronata Present Native Unknown
Canada Thistle Cirsium arvense Present Non-native Unknown
Canadian horseweed Conyza canadensis var. canadensis Present Native Unknown
common boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum Present Native Unknown
curlycup gumweed, curly-cup gumweed, curlytop gumweed, gumweed, rosinweed, tarweed Grindelia squarrosa var. squarrosa Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Sunflower Helianthus annuus Not In Park Native - -
Canada Hawkweed Hieracium canadense Not In Park Unknown - -
cutleaf, fineleaf hymenopappus, fine-leaf woollywhite Hymenopappus filifolius Present Native Unknown
Chalk Hill hymenopappus, chalkhill woollywhite, Chalkhill woolywhite Hymenopappus tenuifolius Present Native Unknown
Canada lettuce Lactuca canadensis Present Native Unknown
crownseed pectis Pectis angustifolia Unconfirmed Native - -
Canada Goldenrod Solidago canadensis Unconfirmed Native - -
Canadian goldenrod, shorthair goldenrod Solidago canadensis var. gilvocanescens Probably Present Native - -
Canadian goldenrod Solidago canadensis var. scabra Probably Present Native - -
common salsify, goat's beard, goatsbeard, meadow goat's-beard, salsifis majeur, salsify, western goat's beard, western salsify, wild oysterplant, yellow goat's beard, yellow salsify Tragopogon dubius Present Non-native Unknown
cocklebur Xanthium strumarium Probably Present Native - -
Carolina gromwell, Carolina puccoon, hairy puccoon Lithospermum caroliniense Present Native Unknown
Carolina draba, Carolina whitlowgrass, creeping draba Draba reptans Present Native Unknown
common clammy-weed Polanisia dodecandra Unconfirmed Native - -
clammyweed, red-whisker clammyweed, sandyseed clammyweed, western clammyweed Polanisia dodecandra ssp. trachysperma Unconfirmed Native - -
common bugseed Corispermum hyssopifolium Not In Park Unknown - -
Carpetweed Mollugo verticillata Unconfirmed Native - -
curltop ladysthumb, curlytop knotweed, curlytop smartweed, dock-leaf smartweed, nodding smartweed, pale smartweed Polygonum lapathifolium Probably Present Native - -
climbing false-buckwheat Polygonum scandens Probably Present Native - -
Curly dock Rumex crispus Probably Present Non-native - -
common hornwort, coon's tail, coon's-tail, coontail, hornwort Ceratophyllum demersum Present Native Unknown
common elderberry Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis Probably Present Native - -
coralberry Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Not In Park Unknown - -
chaffweed Anagallis minima Unconfirmed Native - -
Canada milkvetch, Canadian milkvetch, Canadian milk-vetch Astragalus canadensis Present Native Unknown
Canada tickclover, showy ticktrefoil, showy tick-trefoil Desmodium canadense Probably Present Native - -
catclaw sensitivebriar, Nuttall's sensitive-briar Mimosa nuttallii Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Milkweed Asclepias syriaca Unconfirmed Native - -
closed bottle gentian Gentiana andrewsii Probably Present Native - -
Carolina Cranesbill Geranium carolinianum Unconfirmed Native - -
Catnip Nepeta cataria Unconfirmed Non-native - -
common selfheal Prunella vulgaris Probably Present Native - -
Common Bladderwort Utricularia macrorhiza Present Native Unknown
Common Lilac Syringa vulgaris Unconfirmed Non-native - -
clustered broomrape, clustered broom-rape, purple broomrape, tufted broomrape Orobanche fasciculata Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Plantain Plantago major Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Mullein Verbascum thapsus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
coyote willow, desert willow, narrowleaf willow, sandbar willow Salix exigua Not In Park Unknown - -
CANADA VIOLET Viola canadensis var. rugulosa Present Native Unknown
Common Mallow, Cheeses Malva neglecta Unconfirmed Non-native - -
copper mallow, orange globemallow, red falsemallow, scarlet globemallow Sphaeralcea coccinea Present Native Unknown
coast willowweed, fringed willowherb Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum Probably Present Native - -
common evening primrose Oenothera biennis Not In Park Unknown - -
Cut-leaved Evening Primrose Oenothera laciniata Unconfirmed Native - -
common yellow oxalis Oxalis stricta Present Native Unknown
Colorado blue spruce Picea pungens Probably Present Non-native - -
clustered field sedge, slim sedge Carex praegracilis Present Native Unknown
common fox sedge Carex vulpinoidea Probably Present Native - -
chairmaker's bulrush Schoenoplectus americanus Unconfirmed Native - -
common threesquare Schoenoplectus pungens var. pungens Unconfirmed Native - -
cloaked bulrush, pale bulrush Scirpus pallidus Probably Present Native - -
Canada Bluejoint Calamagrostis canadensis Probably Present Native - -
Canada wildrye Elymus canadensis Present Native Unknown
Common Reed Phragmites australis Probably Present Native - -
Canada bluegrass Poa compressa Present Non-native Unknown
curvepod fumewort Corydalis curvisiliqua ssp. occidentalis Unconfirmed Native - -
Carolina anemone Anemone caroliniana Present Native Unknown
Carolina larkspur Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens Present Native Unknown
cursed buttercup Ranunculus sceleratus var. sceleratus Probably Present Native - -
common hackberry Celtis occidentalis Present Native Unknown
Common Hop Humulus lupulus Present Native Unknown
cinquefoil Potentilla pensylvanica Probably Present Native - -
Choke Cherry Prunus virginiana Present Native Unknown
Canadian woodnettle Laportea canadensis Present Native Unknown
Canadian clearweed Pilea pumila Not In Park Unknown - -
common pricklyash, common pricky-ash, toothachetree Zanthoxylum americanum Present Native Unknown
clove currant, golden currant Ribes aureum var. villosum Present Native Unknown
Canadian gooseberry Ribes oxyacanthoides Unconfirmed Native - -
creeping jenny, European bindweed, field bindweed, perennial morningglory, smallflowered morningglory Convolvulus arvensis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
CHINESE MATRIMONYVINE Lycium barbarum Unconfirmed Non-native - -
clammy ground-cherry Physalis heterophylla Unconfirmed Native - -
cutleaf nightshade, cut-leaf nightshade Solanum triflorum Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Duckweed Lemna trisulca Present Native Unknown
dandelion hawksbeard, fiddleleaf hawksbeard, fiddle-leaf hawk's-beard Crepis runcinata ssp. runcinata Probably Present Native - -
dogbane dyssodia, dogweed, fetid dogweed, fetid marigold, fetid-marigold, prairie dogweed Dyssodia papposa Unconfirmed Native - -
dotted blazing star, dotted gayfeather Liatris punctata Present Native Unknown
desert stickseed, flat-spine sheepburr, flatspine stickseed, western stickseed Lappula occidentalis var. occidentalis Present Native Unknown
Dame's Rocket Hesperis matronalis Probably Present Non-native - -
desert goosefoot Chenopodium pratericola Present Native Unknown
devil's-tongue Opuntia humifusa Unconfirmed Native - -
Dooryard Knotweed Polygonum arenastrum Unconfirmed Non-native - -
devil's shoestring, erect knotweed, wireweed Polygonum erectum Unconfirmed Native - -
dotted smartweed Polygonum punctatum Probably Present Native - -
Dock Rumex altissimus Unconfirmed Native - -
dune scurfpea, lemon scurfpea, wild lemonweed Psoralidium lanceolatum Present Native Unknown
Devil's claw Proboscidea louisianica Unconfirmed Native - -
downy paintedcup, Great Plains Indian paintbrush, Indian paintbrush Castilleja sessiliflora Unconfirmed Native - -
disc waterhyssop, disk waterhyssop, disk water-hyssop, wet waterhyssop Bacopa rotundifolia Unconfirmed Native - -
doveweed, goatweed, skunkweed, Texas croton Croton texensis Present Native Unknown
Daisyleaf Grapefern Botrychium matricariifolium Not In Park Unknown - -
Dillen's oxalis, slender yellow woodsorrel Oxalis dillenii Unconfirmed Native - -
Dudley rush, Dudley's rush Juncus dudleyi Present Native Unknown
devil's darning needles Clematis virginiana Unconfirmed Native - -
ditch stonecrop, Virginia penthorum Penthorum sedoides Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern lomatium, Northern Idaho biscuitroot, oriental desert-parsley Lomatium orientale Present Native Unknown
eastern daisy fleabane Erigeron annuus Not In Park Unknown - -
evening starflower, gumbo-lily, tenpetal blazingstar, tenpetal mentzelia, tenpetal stickleaf Mentzelia decapetala Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern redcedar Juniperus virginiana Present Native Unknown
eastern cottonwood, plains cottonwood Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera Probably Present Native - -
eastern woodland sedge Carex blanda Present Native Unknown
Emory's sedge Carex emoryi Present Native Unknown
elliptic spike-rush Eleocharis elliptica Unconfirmed Native - -
earlyleaf brome Bromus latiglumis Probably Present Native - -
eight-flower six-weeks grass, sixweeks fescue Vulpia octoflora var. octoflora Present Native Unknown
eastern marsh fern, marsh fern, meadow fern Thelypteris palustris Present Native Unknown
eastern pasqueflower Anemone patens Unconfirmed Native - -
early woodbuttercup Ranunculus abortivus Probably Present Native - -
eastern white water-crowfoot, longbeak buttercup, long-beak water-crowfoot Ranunculus longirostris Present Native Unknown
European crab apple, European crabapple Malus sylvestris Unconfirmed Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Field Pussytoes Antennaria neglecta Unconfirmed Native - -
false tarragon, green sagewort, silky wormwood, tarragon, wormwood Artemisia dracunculus Unconfirmed Native - -
fringed sagebrush, fringed sagewort, prairie sagewort Artemisia frigida Present Native Unknown
false boneset Brickellia eupatorioides var. corymbulosa Unconfirmed Native - -
Flodman's thistle Cirsium flodmanii Unconfirmed Native - -
fringed gromwell, fringed puccoon, narrowleaf gromwell, narrowleaf pucoon, narrowleaf stoneseed, trumpet stoneseed Lithospermum incisum Present Native Unknown
False Flax Camelina microcarpa Unconfirmed Non-native - -
flaxweed tansymustard, flixweed, flixweed tansymustard, herb sophia, herb-sophia, pinnate tansymustard, tansymustard Descurainia sophia Unconfirmed Non-native - -
false London rocket, small tumbleweed mustard, tall hedgemustard, tallhedge mustard Sisymbrium loeselii Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Field Pennycress Thlaspi arvense Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Fremont's goosefoot Chenopodium fremontii Present Native Unknown
four o'clock, linearleaf four-o'clock, narrowleaf four o'clock, narrowleaf four-o'clock Mirabilis linearis Present Native Unknown
field horsetail Equisetum arvense Present Native Unknown
Ferriss' horsetail Equisetum X ferrissii Unconfirmed Native - -
Fringed Loosestrife Lysimachia ciliata Present Native Unknown
fragrant bedstraw Galium triflorum Present Native Unknown
false pennyroyal, falsepennyroyal, rough false pennyroyal, rough falsepennyroyal, rough pennyroyal Hedeoma hispida Present Native Unknown
False Pimpernel Lindernia dubia Present Native Unknown
fragrant flatsedge Cyperus odoratus Probably Present Native - -
Fly-away Grass Agrostis scabra Probably Present Native - -
Fendler threeawn, Fendler's threeawn, red threeawn, red threeawn (Fendler) Aristida purpurea var. longiseta Unconfirmed Native - -
Fringed Brome Bromus ciliatus Probably Present Native - -
fall panicum, fall rosette grass Dichanthelium wilcoxianum Present Native Unknown
fowl mannagrass Glyceria striata Present Native Unknown
false buffalo grass, false buffalograss Monroa squarrosa Unconfirmed Native - -
Fresh-water Cord Grass Spartina pectinata Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Great Ragweed Ambrosia trifida Probably Present Native - -
gray thistle, wavyleaf thistle, wavy-leaf thistle Cirsium undulatum Present Native Unknown
giant goldenrod Solidago gigantea Probably Present Native - -
Gray Goldenrod Solidago nemoralis Not In Park Native - -
great blue lobelia Lobelia siphilitica Present Native Unknown
green tansymustard, pinnate tansy mustard, pinnate tansymustard, tansymustard, western tansymustard Descurainia pinnata Unconfirmed Native - -
Green Amaranth, Pigweed Amaranthus retroflexus Unconfirmed Native - -
grassland pricklypear, plains twistspine pricklypear, twistspine pricklypear Opuntia macrorhiza Unconfirmed Native - -
Great Water Dock Rumex orbiculatus Present Native Unknown
giant bird's nest, giant pinedrops, woodland pinedrops Pterospora andromedea Present Native Unknown
Groundnut, Wild Bean Apios americana Probably Present Native - -
ground-plum, groundplum milkvetch Astragalus crassicarpus var. crassicarpus Present Native Unknown
golden dalea, golden prairie clover, golden prairieclover, golden prairie-clover, silktop dalea Dalea aurea Present Native Unknown
green antelopehorn milkweed, green comet milkweed, green milkweed Asclepias viridiflora Present Native Unknown
ground ivy Glechoma hederacea Probably Present Non-native - -
Germander Teucrium canadense var. occidentale Probably Present Native - -
green ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica Present Native Unknown
Gray Willow Salix humilis Unconfirmed Native - -
grand redstem Ammannia robusta Probably Present Native - -
golden sedge, golden-fruit sedge Carex aurea Present Native Unknown
Great Bulrush Schoenoplectus acutus Present Native Unknown
green bulrush Scirpus atrovirens Not In Park Unknown - -
grass-leaved rush Juncus marginatus Probably Present Native - -
green muhly, marsh muhly Muhlenbergia racemosa Present Native Unknown
green needlegrass Nassella viridula Present Native Unknown
grass, hashish, hemp, marijuana, Mary Jane, pot Cannabis sativa Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Great Lakes sand cherry, western sandcherry Prunus pumila var. besseyi Unconfirmed Native - -
gooseberry Ribes missouriense Probably Present Native - -
groundcherry, prairie groundcherry, prairie ground-cherry Physalis hispida Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Horned Pondweed Zannichellia palustris Probably Present Native - -
Howell's pussytoes, small pussytoes Antennaria howellii Not In Park Native - -
hairy false goldenaster, hairy false golden-aster Heterotheca villosa var. villosa Present Native Unknown
Harebell Campanula rotundifolia Present Native Unknown
Hairy rock-cress Arabis hirsuta var. pycnocarpa Present Native Unknown
hairy four o'clock, hairy four-o'clock Mirabilis hirsuta Present Native Unknown
heart-leaf four-o'clock Mirabilis nyctaginea Unconfirmed Native - -
horsetail, scouring horsetail, scouringrush, scouringrush horsetail, tall scouring-rush, western scouringrush Equisetum hyemale Present Native Unknown
horsetail, smooth horsetail, smooth scouringrush, smooth scouring-rush Equisetum laevigatum Present Native Unknown
hophornbeam Ostrya virginiana Present Native Unknown
horse mint, miners lettuce, plains beebalm, pony beebalm, spotted beebalm Monarda pectinata Unconfirmed Native - -
Hare Figwort Scrophularia lanceolata Present Native Unknown
hoary verbena, hoary vervain, tall vervain, woolly verbena Verbena stricta Present Native Unknown
hoary frostweed Helianthemum bicknellii Present Native Unknown
halfshrub calylophus, halfshrub sundrop, serrateleaf eveningprimrose, yellow sundrops Calylophus serrulatus Not In Park Native - -
halfshrub sundrop, whitest evening primrose, whitest eveningprimrose, whitest evening-primrose, white-stem evening-primrose Oenothera albicaulis Unconfirmed Native - -
heavy sedge Carex gravida Present Native Unknown
hairy fimbry Fimbristylis puberula Unconfirmed Native - -
hardstem bulrush, Tule bulrush Schoenoplectus acutus var. acutus Unconfirmed Native - -
hairy grama Bouteloua hirsuta Present Native Unknown
hotsprings panicum, hotsprings rosette grass, tapered rosette grass Dichanthelium acuminatum Unconfirmed Native - -
Heller's rosette grass, Scribner panic, Scribner panicum, Scribners panicum, Scribner's panicum, Scribner's rosette grass Dichanthelium oligosanthes var. scribnerianum Present Native Unknown
hairy crabgrass Digitaria sanguinalis Unconfirmed Native - -
hairy wildrye Elymus villosus Present Native Unknown
hairy pepperwort, hairy waterclover, water clover Marsilea vestita Unconfirmed Native - -
Hazel-dodder Cuscuta coryli Unconfirmed Native - -
hairy evolvulus Evolvulus nuttallianus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Illinois bundleflower Desmanthus illinoensis Unconfirmed Native - -
Indianhemp Apocynum cannabinum Present Native Unknown
inland sedge Carex interior Present Native Unknown
Indiangrass, yellow indian-grass Sorghastrum nutans Present Native Unknown
inland ceanothus, Jersey tea, prairie redroot Ceanothus herbaceus Unconfirmed Native - -
ill-scented sumac, skunkbush, skunkbush sumac Rhus trilobata var. trilobata Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Jerusalem Artichoke Helianthus tuberosus Probably Present Native - -
James' clammyweed Polanisia jamesii Unconfirmed Native - -
jewelweed Impatiens capensis Present Native Unknown
James' monkeyflower Mimulus glabratus var. jamesii Present Native Unknown
jointed rush, knotted rush Juncus nodosus Present Native Unknown
Japanese brome Bromus japonicus Not In Park Non-native - -
junegrass, prairie Junegrass Koeleria macrantha Present Native Unknown
juneberry, Pacific serviceberry, Saskatoon serviceberry, western serviceberry, western shadbush Amelanchier alnifolia Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Kentucky bluegrass Poa pratensis Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
least duckweed Lemna minuta Not In Park Native - -
longleaf pondweed Potamogeton nodosus Probably Present Native - -
longstyle sweetroot Osmorhiza longistylis Present Native Unknown
longbract frog orchid, long-bract frog orchid Coeloglossum viride Present Native Rare
Loesel's Twayblade Liparis loeselii Present Native Unknown
littleleaf pussytoes, Rocky Mountain pussytoes, small leaf everlasting, smallleaf pussytoes Antennaria microphylla Unconfirmed Native - -
little-leaf pussytoes, Rocky Mountain pussytoes, small leaf pussytoes, smalleaf pussytoes, small-leaf pussytoes Antennaria parvifolia Present Native Unknown
lacy tansyaster Machaeranthera pinnatifida var. pinnatifida Present Native Unknown
little catseye, little cryptantha, small cryptantha Cryptantha minima Unconfirmed Native - -
Louisiana bladderpod Lesquerella ludoviciana Present Native Unknown
Lamb's Quarters, Pigweed Chenopodium album Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Long-leaved Stitchwort Stellaria longifolia Probably Present Native - -
largeflower fameflower, rockpink Talinum calycinum Unconfirmed Native - -
leathery knotweed, striate knotweed Polygonum achoreum Unconfirmed Native - -
lady's-thumb Polygonum persicaria Probably Present Non-native - -
limber honeysuckle Lonicera dioica Present Native Unknown
Longflower gilia Ipomopsis longiflora Unconfirmed Native - -
leadplant, leadplant amorpha Amorpha canescens Present Native Unknown
lotus milkvetch, lotus milk-vetch, low milkvetch, milkvetch Astragalus lotiflorus Present Native Unknown
largebract Indian breadroot, tallbread scurfpea Pediomelum cuspidatum Unconfirmed Native - -
low milkweed, plains milkweed Asclepias pumila Present Native Unknown
licorice bedstraw Galium circaezans Present Native Unknown
lanceleaf sage Salvia reflexa Unconfirmed Native - -
Leonard's skullcap Scutellaria parvula var. missouriensis Probably Present Native - -
lilac penstemon, slender beardtongue, slender penstemon Penstemon gracilis Not In Park Native - -
large beardtongue, largeflowered penstemon Penstemon grandiflorus Present Native Unknown
leafy spurge, spurge, wolf's milk, wolf's-milk Euphorbia esula Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Larger Canada St. Johnswort Hypericum majus Present Native Unknown
largeflower yellow flax, large-flower yellow flax, stiffstem flax Linum rigidum var. rigidum Unconfirmed Native - -
low mallow Malva rotundifolia Unconfirmed Non-native - -
longhair sedge Carex comosa Probably Present Native - -
lesser panicled sedge, lesser tussock sedge Carex diandra Present Native Unknown
limestone meadow sedge Carex granularis Present Native Unknown
limestone meadow sedge Carex granularis var. granularis Unconfirmed Native - -
Lakebank Sedge Carex lacustris Present Native Unknown
long-beak sedge, Sprengel sedge, Sprengel's sedge Carex sprengelii Present Native Unknown
Longstyle rush Juncus longistylis Probably Present Native - -
Little BARLEY Hordeum pusillum Unconfirmed Native - -
little-seed mountain-rice grass, littleseed ricegrass, Piptatherum micranthum Piptatherum micranthum Present Native Unknown
little bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium Present Native Unknown
low juneberry Amelanchier humilis Unconfirmed Native - -
lesser clearweed Pilea fontana Present Native Unknown
Long-leaf ground-cherry Physalis longifolia Present Native Unknown
lanceleaf groundcherry, Virginia ground cherry, Virginia groundcherry, Virginia ground-cherry Physalis virginiana Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mountain blue eyedgrass Sisyrinchium montanum Present Native Unknown
Maximilian sunflower Helianthus maximiliani Probably Present Native - -
microseris, sharppoint microseris, sharppoint prairie-dandelion, wavy-leaf prairie-dandelion Nothocalais cuspidata Present Native Unknown
Missouri goldenrod, prairie goldenrod, Tolmie's goldenrod Solidago missouriensis Not In Park Native - -
Missouri goldenrod Solidago missouriensis var. fasciculata Unconfirmed Native - -
Marsh Bellflower Campanula aparinoides Present Native Unknown
mat amaranth, prostrate amaranth, prostrate pigweed Amaranthus blitoides Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Maple-leaved Goosefoot Chenopodium simplex Present Native Unknown
Missouri pincushion Escobaria missouriensis Unconfirmed Native - -
Missouri foxtail cactus Escobaria missouriensis var. missouriensis Unconfirmed Native - -
Missouri milkvetch, Missouri milk-vetch Astragalus missouriensis Not In Park Native - -
manystem pea, manystem peavine Lathyrus polymorphus Present Native Unknown
Manystem Peavine Lathyrus polymorphus ssp. polymorphus Unconfirmed Native - -
mintleaf bergamot, wild bergamot Monarda fistulosa var. menthifolia Unconfirmed Native - -
Marsh Skullcap Scutellaria galericulata Probably Present Native - -
Mad-dog Skullcap Scutellaria lateriflora Present Native Unknown
mercuryweed, threeseeded mercury, Virginia copperleaf, Virginia threeseed mercury, wax balls Acalypha virginica Unconfirmed Native - -
Missouri spurge, prairie sandmat Chamaesyce missurica Present Native Unknown
matted sandmat, serpent spurge Chamaesyce serpens Unconfirmed Native - -
Mead's sedge Carex meadii Unconfirmed Native - -
Mexican muhly Muhlenbergia mexicana Probably Present