Palo Alto Battlefield National Historical Park

Rank: 297

Park Description

On May 8, 1846, United States and Mexican troops clashed on the prairie of Palo Alto. The battle was the first in a two-year long war that changed the map of North America. Palo Alto Battlefield National Historical Park preserves the site of this notable battle and provides an understanding of the causes, events, and consequences of the U.S.-Mexican War.

Park Address

7200 Paredes Line Road

Brownsville, TX, 78526

Palo Alto Battlefield National Historical Park Activites





Species in Palo Alto Battlefield National Historical Park by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in Palo Alto Battlefield National Historical Park. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bobcat Lynx rufus Present Native Uncommon
Brazilian Free-tailed Bat Tadarida brasiliensis Present Native Uncommon
black-tailed jack rabbit, Black-tailed Jackrabbit Lepus californicus Present Native Abundant
Black Rat Rattus rattus Present Non-native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
coyote Canis latrans Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Feral Pig Sus scrofa Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hispid cotton rat Sigmodon hispidus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata Present Native Occasional
long-nosed armadillo, Nine-banded Armadillo Dasypus novemcinctus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mexican Ground Squirrel Spermophilus mexicanus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Norway rat Rattus norvegicus Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
ocelot Felis pardalis Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
raccoon Procyon lotor Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis Present Native Common
southern plains woodrat Neotoma micropus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Wigeon, Baldpate Anas americana Present Native - -
American Herring Gull, Herring Gull Larus argentatus Present Native Uncommon
Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis Present Native Rare
american kestrel Falco sparverius Present Native Common
American Coot, Northern American Coot Fulica americana Present Native Occasional
Ash-throated Flycatcher Myiarchus cinerascens Present Native Unknown
American Egret, Common Egret?, Great Egret Ardea alba Present Native Uncommon
American White Pelican, White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Present Native Unknown
American White Ibis, White Ibis Eudocimus albus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Black-shouldered Kite, Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus Present - - - -
black vulture Coragyps atratus Present Native Unknown
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Present Native Common
Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis Present Native Uncommon
Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus Present Native Uncommon
Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii Present Native Uncommon
Blue Grosbeak, Eastern Blue Grosbeak Guiraca caerulea Present Native Common
Black-throated Sparrow Amphispiza bilineata Present Native Unknown
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Uncommon
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus Present - - - -
Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus - - - - - -
Bullock's Oriole Icterus bullockii Probably Present Native - -
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Present - - - -
Bronzed Cowbird Molothrus aeneus Present Native Common
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Native Common
Black-crested Titmouse Baeolophus atricristatus Present Native Unknown
blackburnian warbler Dendroica fusca Probably Present Native - -
black-and-white warbler Mniotilta varia Present Native Unknown
blue-gray gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Present Native Unknown
Bewick's Wren, Eastern Bewick's Wren Thryomanes bewickii Present Native Common
Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus Present Native Common
Barn Owl, North American Barn Owl Tyto alba Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
cooper's hawk Accipiter cooperii Present Native Unknown
chimney swift Chaetura pelagica Present Native Unknown
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor Present Native Common
Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina Present Native Common
Crested Caracara Polyborus plancus Present - - - -
Clapper Rail, Northern Clapper Rail Rallus longirostris Probably Present Native - -
Chihuahuan Raven Corvus cryptoleucus Present Native - -
Cassin's Sparrow Aimophila cassinii Present Native Uncommon
Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida Present Native Unknown
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present Native Unknown
Cliff swallow Hirundo pyrrhonota Present - - - -
Cliff Swallow, Eastern Cliff Swallow, Eave Swallow, Northern Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Present Native - -
Curve-billed Thrasher Toxostoma curvirostre Present Native Common
Cactus Wren Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus Present Native - -
carolina wren Thryothorus ludovicianus Present Native Unknown
Couch's Kingbird Tyrannus couchii Present Native Uncommon
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Dickcissel Spiza americana Present Native Unknown
Double-crested Cormorant, Northern Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Least Tern, Least Tern Sterna antillarum Probably Present Native - -
Eastern Willet, Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Pigeon Hawk, Merlin, Pigeon Hawk Falco columbarius Probably Present Native - -
Eastern Lark Sparrow, Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus Present Native Common
Eastern Savannah Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Present Native Common
Eastern Vesper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Present Native Common
eastern meadowlark Sturnella magna Present Native Abundant
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present Native Unknown
eastern wood-pewee Contopus virens Present Native Common
eastern phoebe Sayornis phoebe Present Native Uncommon
eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Screech-Owl, Screech Owl Otus asio Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica Present Native Unknown
Greater Yellowlegs, Greater Yellow-legs Tringa melanoleuca Present Native Uncommon
Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris Present Native Common
Greater Roadrunner Geococcyx californianus Present Native - -
grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum Present Native Uncommon
Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus Present Native Common
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus Present Native Uncommon
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present Native Uncommon
Great Egret Casmerodius albus Present - - - -
Golden-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes aurifrons Present Native Common
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Harris's Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus Present Native Common
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus Probably Present Native - -
Hudsonian Curlew, Hudsonian Whimbrel, Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus Present Native Unknown
horned lark Eremophila alpestris Present Native - -
house finch Carpodacus mexicanus Present Native Common
house sparrow Passer domesticus Present Non-native Common
house wren Troglodytes aedon Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Killdeer, Northern Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Present Native Common
King Rail, Northern King Rail Rallus elegans Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis Probably Present Native - -
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla Present Native Abundant
Long-billed Curlew, Southern Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus Present Native Common
Lesser Yellowlegs, Lesser Yellow-legs Tringa flavipes Probably Present Native - -
Lincoln's Sparrow, Northern Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Present Native Unknown
Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria Present Native Unknown
loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus Present Native Common
Long-billed Thrasher Toxostoma longirostre Probably Present Native - -
least flycatcher Empidonax minimus Present Native Unknown
Little Blue Heron, Northern Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea Probably Present Native - -
Ladder-backed Woodpecker Picoides scalaris Present Native Common
Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mottled Duck Anas fulvigula Probably Present Native - -
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Present Native Common
Northern shoveler, Shoveller Anas clypeata Present Native Unknown
northern bobwhite Colinus virginianus Present Native Abundant
northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Present Native Uncommon
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Present Native Abundant
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
osprey Pandion haliaetus Present Native Unknown
Olive Sparrow Arremonops rufivirgatus Present Native - -
orange-crowned warbler Vermivora celata Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pyrrhuloxia Cardinalis sinuatus Probably Present Native - -
Painted Bunting Passerina ciris Present Native Unknown
purple martin Progne subis Probably Present Native - -
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present Native Common
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Present Native Uncommon
Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquata Present Native Uncommon
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Common
ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula Present Native Unknown
Reddish Egret Egretta rufescens Not In Park Native - -
Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni Present Native - -
Sora Rail, Sora Porzana carolina Present Native Unknown
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Present Native Uncommon
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus Present Native Abundant
Snowy Egret Egretta thula Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Common
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Present Native Unknown
tufted titmouse Baeolophus bicolor Probably Present Native - -
tennessee warbler Vermivora peregrina Present Native Rare
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus Present Native Abundant
Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Varied Bunting Passerina versicolor Present Native Rare
Verdin Auriparus flaviceps Present Native Unknown
Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
White-tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus Present Native - -
white-tailed kite Elanus leucurus Present Native Common
whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus Present Unknown Uncommon
Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia Probably Present Native - -
Wood Stork Mycteria americana Probably Present Native - -
White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi Present Native - -
White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica Present Native - -
wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina - - - - - -
white-eyed vireo Vireo griseus Present Native Common
White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Present Native Unknown
yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata Present Native Common
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens Present Native Uncommon
Yellow-crowned Night Heron, Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea Present Native Uncommon
Yellow-crowned Night Heron, Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax violaceus Present - - - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bullsnake, Gopher Snake Pituophis catenifer sayi Present Native Uncommon
Berlandier's Tortoise Gopherus berlandieri Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Diamondback Water Snake Nerodia rhombifer rhombifer Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Northern Diamond-backed Water Snake Nerodia rhombifer Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Plains Black-headed Snake Tantilla nigriceps Present Native Uncommon
Prairie Racerunner Cnemidophorus sexlineatus viridis Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-eared slider Trachemys scripta elegans Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Six-lined racerunner Aspidoscelis sexlineatus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Texas Coral Snake Micrurus fulvius tener Present - - - -
Texas Horned Lizard Phrynosoma cornutum Present Native Abundant
Texas Spiny Lizard Sceloporus olivaceus Present Native Common
Texas Spotted Whiptail Cnemidophorus gularis gularis Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Western Coachwhip Masticophis flagellum testaceus Present Native Common
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake, Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake Crotalus atrox Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Yellow Mud Turtle Kinosternon flavescens Present Native Occasional

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Coastal Plain Toad Incilius nebulifer Present Native Abundant
Couch's Spadefoot Scaphiopus couchii Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Great Plains Narrow-mouthed Toad Gastrophryne olivacea Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lesser Siren Siren intermedia Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Spotted Chorus Frog Pseudacris clarkii Present Native Uncommon

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
black mullet, gray mullet, striped mullet Mugil cephalus Present Unknown Unknown
Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
FAT SLEEPER Dormitator maculatus Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Gulf killifish Fundulus grandis Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
inland silverside Menidia beryllina Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mexican tetra Astyanax mexicanus Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Rio Grande cichlid Cichlasoma cyanoguttatum Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sheepshead minnow Cyprinodon variegatus Present Unknown Unknown
sailfin molly Poecilia latipinna Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
western mosquitofish Gambusia affinis Present Unknown Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Atkinson's tickseed, golden tickseed, plains coreopsis, plains tickseed Coreopsis tinctoria Present Native Unknown
allthorn Koeberlinia spinosa Present Native Unknown
amamastla Rumex chrysocarpus Present Native Unknown
athel Tamarix aphylla Present Non-native Unknown
angelpod melochia Melochia pyramidata Present Native Unknown
Angleton bluestem Dichanthium aristatum Present Non-native Unknown
Arizona cottontop Digitaria californica Present Native Unknown
Asian ponysfoot Dichondra micrantha Present Native Unknown
American nightshade Solanum ptychanthum Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bur-marifold, stick-tights Bidens laevis Present Native Unknown
bush sunflower Simsia calva Present Native Unknown
bractless brookweed, limewater brookweed, Mojave water pimpernel Samolus ebracteatus Present Native Unknown
bumelia, saffron plum Sideroxylon celastrinum Present Native Unknown
bigpod sesbania, Colorado riverhemp, hemp sesbania, peatree Sesbania herbacea Present Native Unknown
bearded swallowwort Cynanchum barbigerum - - - - - -
buttonplant, smooth false buttonweed Spermacoce glabra Present Native Unknown
blood sage Salvia coccinea Present Native Unknown
baby jump-up Mecardonia procumbens Present Native Unknown
beebrush Aloysia gratissima Present Native Unknown
beaked vervain Glandularia quandrangulata Present Native Unknown
brushland lantana Lantana achyranthifolia Present Native Unknown
Brazilian vervain Verbena brasiliensis Present Non-native Unknown
black willow Salix nigra Present Native Unknown
buff petal, buffpetal Rhynchosida physocalyx Present Native Unknown
ballmoss Tillandsia recurvata Present Native Unknown
Bayonet-grass Bolboschoenus maritimus ssp. paludosus Present Unknown Unknown
buffalograss Buchloe dactyloides Present Native Unknown
Bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon Present Non-native Unknown
buffelgrass Pennisetum ciliare Present Non-native Unknown
big sacaton Sporobolus wrightii Present Native Occasional
browntop panicum Urochloa fasciculata Present Native Occasional
broadleaf cattail Typha latifolia Present Native Unknown
brasil Condalia hookeri var. hookeri Present Native Unknown
balloonvine, love in a puff Cardiospermum halicacabum Present Native Unknown
Berlandier wolfberry Lycium berlandieri Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Crow-poison Nothoscordum bivalve Present Native Unknown
century plant Agave americana Present Native Unknown
Cuman ragweed, perennial ragweed, western ragweed Ambrosia psilostachya Present Native Unknown
Common Sunflower Helianthus annuus Present Native Unknown
Common Sow Thistle Sonchus oleraceus Present Native Unknown
cowpen daisy Verbesina encelioides Present Native Unknown
crested saltbush, seashore orach Atriplex pentandra Present Native Unknown
Common Saltwort Salsola kali Present Native Occasional
Christmas cholla Opuntia leptocaulis Present Native Unknown
creeping cucumber Melothria pendula Present Native Unknown
catclaw acacia Acacia greggii Present Native Unknown
cenizo Leucophyllum frutescens Present Native Unknown
calico bush Lantana urticoides Present Native Unknown
creeping yellow sida Sida abutifolia Present Native Unknown
California loosestrife Lythrum californicum Present Native Unknown
common yellow oxalis Oxalis stricta Present Native Unknown
chufa flatsedge, yellow nutgrass, yellow nutsedge Cyperus esculentus Present Native Unknown
Carolina crabgrass Digitaria cognata var. pubiflora Present Native Unknown
coyotillo Karwinskia humboldtiana Present Native Unknown
chandelier plant Kalanchoe delagoensis Present Non-native Unknown
cotton morningglory, tievine Ipomoea cordatotriloba Present Native Uncommon
cayenne pepper, chilipiquin Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum Present Native Uncommon
cow itch, ivy treebine Cissus trifoliata Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Don Quixote's lace Yucca treculeana Present Native Unknown
Drummond's goldenbush, Drummond's goldenweed, Drummond's jimmyweed Isocoma drummondii Present Native Unknown
desert horsepurslane, desert horse-purslane, horse purslane Trianthema portulacastrum Present Native Unknown
dwarf glasswort Salicornia bigelovii Present Native Unknown
desert yaupon Schaefferia cuneifolia Present Native Unknown
Dakota mock vervain Glandularia bipinnatifida Present Native Occasional
Dakota vervain Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida Present Native Unknown
doveweed Croton capitatus Present Native Unknown
dodder Cuscuta - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern annual saltmarsh aster Symphyotrichum subulatum Present Native Unknown
Engelmann's prickly pear Opuntia engelmannii Present Native Unknown
Egyptian panicgrass, Egyptian panicum Paspalidium geminatum Present Native Unknown
eastern poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
false daisy Eclipta prostrata Present Native Unknown
fiddleleaf nama Nama jamaicense Present Native Unknown
Florida mayten, guttapercha mayten Maytenus phyllanthoides Present Native Unknown
frogfruit Phyla nodiflora Present Non-native Occasional
flatsedge, nutgrass Cyperus - - - - - -
Fendler threeawn, Fendler's threeawn, red threeawn, red threeawn (Fendler) Aristida purpurea var. longiseta Present Native Unknown
fringed windmill grass Chloris ciliata Present Native Unknown
filly panicum Panicum hallii var. filipes - - - - - -
False nightshade Chamaesaracha coronopus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Great Plains ragwort Packera tampicana Present Native Unknown
gray vervain Verbena canescens Present Native Unknown
green sprangletop Leptochloa dubia Present Native Unknown
gulf cordgrass Spartina spartinae Present Native Occasional
guinea grass Urochloa maxima Present Native Unknown
granjeno Celtis pallida Present Native Unknown
graythorn, Lote bush, lotebush Ziziphus obtusifolia Present Native Unknown
goatbush Castela erecta ssp. texana Present Native Unknown
groundcherry, husk tomato, husk-tomato Physalis pubescens Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hierba del marrano Symphyotrichum divaricatum Present Native Unknown
hairy wedelia Wedelia texana Present Native Occasional
hairy peppergrass Lepidium austrinum Present Native Unknown
Hairy-pod pepperwort Lepidium lasiocarpum Present Native Unknown
hairypod peppergrass Lepidium lasiocarpum var. wrightii - - - - - -
horse-crippler Echinocactus texensis Present Native Unknown
Heyder pincushion cactus, little nipple cactus Mammillaria heyderi Present Native Unknown
huisache Acacia farnesiana Present Native Unknown
herbaceous mimosa, powderpuff Mimosa strigillosa Present Native Uncommon
honey mesquite Prosopis glandulosa Present Native Unknown
heartleaf hibiscus Hibiscus martianus Present Unknown Rare
Hall panicum, Hall's panic, Hall's panicgrass, Hall's panicum Panicum hallii Present Native Unknown
hairyseed paspalum Paspalum pubiflorum Present Native Unknown
hairy pepperwort, hairy waterclover, water clover Marsilea vestita - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
jointed flatsedge Cyperus articulatus Present Native Unknown
Johnsongrass Sorghum halepense Present Non-native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
knotweed leafflower Phyllanthus polygonoides Present Native Unknown
Kleberg bluestem Dichanthium annulatum Present Non-native Unknown
knotgrass Paspalum distichum Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
longbarb arrowhead, long-barb arrowhead, longlobe arrowhead Sagittaria longiloba Present Native Unknown
least duckweed Lemna minuta Present Native Unknown
London rocket Sisymbrium irio Present Non-native Unknown
Lindheimer globeberry Ibervillea lindheimeri Present Native Unknown
low silverbush, low wildmercury Argythamnia humilis - - - - - -
leatherstem Jatropha dioica var. dioica Present Native Unknown
longtom Paspalum lividum - - - - - -
lovegrass tridens Tridens eragrostoides Present Native Unknown
lime pricklyash Zanthoxylum fagara Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
marsh parsley Cyclospermum leptophyllum Present Native Unknown
Masigsig Chromolaena odorata Present Native Unknown
mat amaranth, prostrate amaranth, prostrate pigweed Amaranthus blitoides Present Native Unknown
mesquite Prosopis glandulosa var. glandulosa Present Native Unknown
matted sandmat, serpent spurge Chamaesyce serpens Present Native Occasional
Malabar sprangletop Leptochloa fusca Present Native Unknown
mucronate sprangeltop Leptochloa panicea ssp. brachiata Present Native Unknown
Mexican sprangletop Leptochloa uninervia - - - - - -
Madagascar dropseed Sporobolus coromandelianus - - - - - -
mistletoe Phoradendron tomentosum Present Native Unknown
mudflat petunia Calibrachoa parviflora Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
narrowleaf purple everlasting Gamochaeta falcata Present Native Unknown
netseed lambsquarters, pigseed goosefoot, pitseed goosefoot, pit-seed goosefoot Chenopodium berlandieri Present Native Unknown
Nettle-leaved goosefoot Chenopodium murale Present Native Unknown
narrowleaf elbowbush Forestiera angustifolia Present Native Unknown
needle spikerush Eleocharis acicularis Present Native Occasional
netted globecherry, netted globe-cherry Margaranthus solanaceus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
orange fameflower Talinum aurantiacum Present Native Unknown
oneflower flatsedge, one-flower flatsedge Cyperus retroflexus Present Native Unknown
old man's beard Clematis drummondii Present Native Uncommon
ojo de vibora Evolvulus alsinoides var. angustifolius Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
peonia Acourtia runcinata Present Native Unknown
plains dozedaisy Aphanostephus ramosissimus Present Native Unknown
pink thoroughwort Fleischmannia incarnata Present Native Unknown
Pennsylvania everlasting Gamochaeta pensylvanica Present Native Unknown
- - Pluchea purpurascens Present Native Unknown
prairie coneflower, redspike Mexican hat, upright prairie coneflower Ratibida columnifera Present Native Unknown
prickly Russian thistle, tumbleweed Salsola tragus Present Native Unknown
pigeonberry Rivina humilis Present Native Unknown
Purslane Portulaca oleracea Present Native Unknown
poisonbean Sesbania drummondii Present Native Unknown
prairie gentian Eustoma exaltatum Present Native Common
Purslane Speedwell or Neckweed Veronica peregrina ssp. xalapensis Present Native Unknown
prickly fanpetals Sida spinosa Present Native Unknown
pinkladies, Showy evening primrose, showy eveningprimrose Oenothera speciosa Present Native Unknown
ponyfoot woodsorrell Oxalis dichondrifolia Present Native Unknown
Pima pappusgrass, whiplash pappusgrass Pappophorum vaginatum Present Native Unknown
Plains bristlegrass Setaria leucopila Present Native Unknown
Pennsylvania Pellitory Parietaria pensylvanica Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Roosevelt weed Baccharis neglecta Present Native Unknown
Rio Grande fleabane Erigeron tenellus Present Native Unknown
roundhead rabbit tobacco Evax verna Present Native Unknown
ragweed parthenium Parthenium hysterophorus Present Native Unknown
rough nama Nama hispidum Present Native Unknown
retama Parkinsonia aculeata Present Native Unknown
ruellia, violet ruellia, wild petunia Ruellia nudiflora Present Native Unknown
Runyon's wild petunia Ruellia nudiflora var. runyonii - - - - - -
redseed plantain Plantago rhodosperma Present Native Unknown
red grama Bouteloua trifida Present Native Unknown
red sprangletop Leptochloa mucronata - - - - - -
red pricklypoppy, spiny pricklypoppy Argemone sanguinea Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sea ox-eye Borrichia frutescens Present Native Unknown
straggler daisy Calyptocarpus vialis Present Native Unknown
sticky palafoxia Florestina tripteris Present Native Unknown
smallhead sneezeweed Helenium microcephalum Present Native Unknown
smallhead sneezeweed Helenium microcephalum var. ooclinium - - - - - -
Spiny-leaved Sow Thistle Sonchus asper Present Native Unknown
scorpionstail, scorpion's-tail Heliotropium angiospermum Present Native Unknown
seaside heliotrope Heliotropium curassavicum Present Native Unknown
salt heliotrope Heliotropium curassavicum var. curassavicum Present Native Unknown
saltwort, turtleweed Batis maritima Present Native Unknown
silver bladderpod Lesquerella argyraea Present Native Unknown
Sea purslane Sesuvium verrucosum Present Native Unknown
saltbush Atriplex - - - - - -
Sea Lavender Limonium carolinianum Present Native Unknown
shaggy portulaca Portulaca pilosa Present Native Unknown
Scarlet Pimpernel Anagallis arvensis Present Non-native Unknown
sweet shaggytuft Stenandrium dulce Present Native Unknown
small coastal germander Teucrium cubense Present Native Unknown
slender verbena, Texas verbena, Texas vervain Verbena halei Present Native Unknown
Spanish moss Tillandsia usneoides Present Native Uncommon
silver beardgrass Bothriochloa laguroides Present Native Unknown
silver beardgrass Bothriochloa laguroides ssp. torreyana - - - - - -
swollen fingergrass Chloris barbata Present Native Unknown
shortspike windmill grass Chloris X subdolichostachya Present Native Unknown
shoregrass Monanthochloe littoralis Present Native Unknown
Salt-mMeadow Grass Spartina patens Present Native Unknown
seashore dropseed Sporobolus virginicus Present Native Unknown
sugarberry Celtis laevigata Present Native Occasional
stinging nettle Urtica chamaedryoides Present Native Unknown
slender dwarf morningglory, slender dwarf morning-glory Evolvulus alsinoides Present Native Unknown
silky evolvulus Evolvulus sericeus Present Native Unknown
smallflower groundcherry Physalis cinerascens Present Native Unknown
silverleaf nightshade Solanum elaeagnifolium Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Texas thistle Cirsium texanum Present Native Unknown
Texas broomweed, Texas snakeweed Gutierrezia texana Present Native Unknown
tansy aster Machaeranthera phyllocephala Present Native Unknown
Tall Seal Blite Suaeda linearis Present Native Unknown
triangle cactus Acanthocereus tetragonus Present Native Unknown
Texas prickly pear Opuntia engelmannii var. lindheimeri Present Native Unknown
Texas kidneywood Eysenhardtia texana Present Native Common
tube tongue Justicia pilosella Present Native Unknown
twocolor croton Croton leucophyllus Present Native Unknown
threelobe falsemallow Malvastrum coromandelianum Present Native Unknown
tropical royalblue waterlily Nymphaea elegans Present Native Unknown
Texas tridens Tridens texanus Present Native Unknown
Texas signalgrass Urochloa texana Present Native Unknown
tule Typha domingensis Present Native Unknown
Texas nightshade Solanum triquetrum Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
upright burhead, upright burrhead Echinodorus berteroi Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
violet sida Meximalva filipes Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
West Indian cock's comb Celosia nitida Present Native Unknown
woody glasswort Salicornia virginica Present Native Abundant
wingpod purslane Portulaca umbraticola Present Native Unknown
whitemouth dayflower Commelina erecta var. angustifolia Present Native Unknown
water star grass Heteranthera dubia Present Native Unknown
Walker's bearded dalea Dalea pogonathera var. walkerae Present Native Unknown
wild tantan Desmanthus virgatus Present Native Unknown
white sweet-clover Melilotus albus Present Non-native Unknown
wild petunia Ruellia - - - - - -
water hyssop Bacopa monnieri Present Native Unknown
winged lythrum Lythrum alatum var. lanceolatum Present Native Unknown
whorled dropseed Sporobolus pyramidatus Present Native Unknown
white tridens Tridens albescens Present Native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Sooty Wing Pholisora catullus Present Unknown Common
clouded sulphur, Clouded Sulphur Colias philodice Present Unknown Common
cabbage white Pieris rapae Present Unknown Common
common green darner, DRAGONFLY, DARNER, GREEN, Common Anax junius Present Unknown Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Flame Skimmer Libellula saturata - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hackberry butterfly Asterocampa celtis Present - - Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
- - Lycaena phlaeas americana - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
- - Strategus - - - - - -
Silver-spotted skipper Epargyreus clarus - - - - - -