Pea Ridge National Military Park

Rank: 228

Park Description

On March 7-8, 1862, 26,000 soldiers fought here to decide the fate of Missouri and the West. The 4,300 acre battlefield honors those who fought for their beliefs. Pea Ridge was one of the most pivotal Civil War battles and is the most intact Civil War battlefield in the United States.

Park Address

Pea Ridge NMP 15930 E Highway 62

Garfield, AR, 72732

Pea Ridge National Military Park Activites






Species in Pea Ridge National Military Park by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in Pea Ridge National Military Park. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bobcat Lynx rufus Probably Present Unknown - -
Black Bear Ursus americanus Probably Present Unknown - -
big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus Probably Present Unknown - -
Brush Mouse Peromyscus boylii Not In Park Unknown - -
Black Rat Rattus rattus Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
coyote Canis latrans Probably Present Unknown - -
common gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus Present Native Unknown
Common Opossum Didelphis marsupialis Not In Park Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Spotted Skunk, spotted skunk Spilogale putorius Probably Present Unknown - -
eastern red bat Lasiurus borealis Present Native Unknown
evening bat Nycticeius humeralis Probably Present Unknown - -
Eastern Pipistrelle, Northern Georgian Bat Pipistrellus subflavus Present Native Unknown
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Present Native Unknown
eastern woodrat Neotoma floridana Present Native Unknown
eastern gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis Probably Present Unknown - -
eastern fox squirrel Sciurus niger Probably Present Unknown - -
eastern chipmunk Tamias striatus Present Native Unknown
Elliot's Short-tailed Shrew Blarina hylophaga Probably Present Unknown - -
eastern mole Scalopus aquaticus Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fulvous Harvest Mouse Reithrodontomys fulvescens Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
golden mouse Ochrotomys nuttalli Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus Probably Present Unknown - -
house mouse Mus musculus Present Non-native Unknown
hispid cotton rat Sigmodon hispidus Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata Probably Present Unknown - -
little brown bat Myotis lucifugus Probably Present Unknown - -
long-nosed armadillo, Nine-banded Armadillo Dasypus novemcinctus Probably Present Unknown - -
least shrew Cryptotis parva Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern bat Myotis septentrionalis Present Unknown Unknown
Norway rat Rattus norvegicus Probably Present Unknown - -
northern short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
prairie vole Microtus ochrogaster Probably Present Unknown - -
prairie deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red fox Vulpes vulpes Probably Present Unknown - -
raccoon Procyon lotor Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis Present Native Unknown
silver-haired bat Lasionycteris noctivagans Probably Present Unknown - -
southern flying squirrel Glaucomys volans Probably Present Unknown - -
Southern Short-tailed Shrew Blarina carolinensis Probably Present Unknown - -
southeastern shrew Sorex longirostris Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Texas mouse Peromyscus attwateri Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Present Native Unknown
woodland vole Microtus pinetorum Present Native Unknown
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Present Native Unknown
woodchuck Marmota monax Present Native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Coot, Northern American Coot Fulica americana Present Native Unknown
american crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Present Native Abundant
american tree sparrow Spizella arborea Present Native Common
american goldfinch Carduelis tristis Present Native Common
american redstart Setophaga ruticilla Not In Park Unknown - -
american robin Turdus migratorius Present Native Common
acadian flycatcher Empidonax virescens Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
broad-winged hawk Buteo platypterus Present Native Common
Bald Eagle, Northern Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Unconfirmed Native - -
Belted Kingfisher, Eastern Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Probably Present Native - -
Blue Grosbeak, Eastern Blue Grosbeak Guiraca caerulea Present Native Rare
Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea Not In Park Unknown - -
blue jay Cyanocitta cristata Present Native Abundant
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Common
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Present Native Rare
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Native Abundant
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Present Native Uncommon
black-and-white warbler Mniotilta varia Present Native Common
blue-winged warbler Vermivora pinus Present Native Uncommon
blue-gray gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Present Native Abundant
Bell's Vireo Vireo bellii Not In Park Unknown - -
barred owl Strix varia Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
chuck-will's-widow Caprimulgus carolinensis Probably Present Native - -
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor Probably Present Native - -
cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Present Native Uncommon
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present Native Common
common grackle Quiscalus quiscula Present Native Common
Carolina Chickadee Poecile carolinensis Present Native Common
cerulean warbler Dendroica cerulea Not In Park Unknown - -
common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Present Native Uncommon
Common Oven-bird, Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapillus Present Native Uncommon
carolina wren Thryothorus ludovicianus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Dickcissel Spiza americana Present Native Abundant
downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Present Native Common
eastern meadowlark Sturnella magna Present Native Abundant
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present Non-native Abundant
eastern bluebird Sialia sialis Present Native Common
eastern wood-pewee Contopus virens Present Native Common
eastern phoebe Sayornis phoebe Present Native Uncommon
eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Screech-Owl, Screech Owl Otus asio Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
field sparrow Spizella pusilla Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Greater Roadrunner Geococcyx californianus Not In Park Unknown - -
grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum Present Native Rare
gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis Not In Park Unknown - -
great crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Present Native Common
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present Native Uncommon
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hermit thrush Catharus guttatus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
kentucky warbler Oporornis formosus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus Not In Park Unknown - -
Louisana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Present Native Uncommon
northern bobwhite Colinus virginianus Not In Park Unknown - -
northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Present Native Abundant
northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Present Native Common
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Present Native Uncommon
northern parula Parula americana Present Native Abundant
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
prairie warbler Dendroica discolor Not In Park Unknown - -
pine warbler Dendroica pinus Present Native Rare
Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris Present Native Uncommon
rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus Present Unknown Rare
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Common
red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus Present Native Abundant
red-bellied woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Present Native Unknown
scarlet tanager Piranga olivacea Present Native Uncommon
summer tanager Piranga rubra Present Native Uncommon
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Uncommon
tufted titmouse Baeolophus bicolor Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus Probably Present Native - -
Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo Present Unknown Unknown
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorus Not In Park Unknown - -
white-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Present Native Common
wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina Present Native Uncommon
warbling vireo Vireo gilvus Present Native Rare
white-eyed vireo Vireo griseus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Present Native Uncommon
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens Present Native Abundant

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Blotched Water Snake Nerodia erythrogaster transversa Present Native Uncommon
broadhead skink Eumeces laticeps Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Kingsnake Lampropeltis getula holbrooki Present Native Uncommon
copperhead Agkistrodon contortrix Present Unknown Common
Common Snapping Turtle Chelydra serpentina serpentina Present Native Common
common musk turtle Sternotherus odoratus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Yellowbelly Racer Coluber constrictor flaviventris Present Native Uncommon
eastern hognose snake Heterodon platirhinos Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Coachwhip Masticophis flagellum flagellum Probably Present Native - -
Eastern garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Flat-headed Snake Tantilla gracilis Probably Present Unknown - -
five-lined skink Eumeces fasciatus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Great Plains Rat Snake Elaphe guttata emoryi Probably Present Native - -
ground skink Scincella lateralis Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Midland Water Snake Nerodia sipedon pleuralis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
MIDLAND BROWN SNAKE Storeria dekayi wrightorum Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Northern Water Snake Nerodia sipedon sipedon Present Unknown Common
Northern Red-bellied Snake Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata Present Native Uncommon
northern fence lizard Sceloporus undulatus hyacinthinus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ornate Box Turtle Terrapene ornata ornata Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Prairie Ringneck Snake Diadophis punctatus arnyi Present Native Common
Prairie Kingsnake Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster Present Native Uncommon
Prairie Racerunner Cnemidophorus sexlineatus viridis Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
rat snake Elaphe obsoleta Present Native Uncommon
Red Milk Snake Lampropeltis triangulum syspila Present Native Common
rough green snake Opheodrys aestivus Probably Present Native - -
Rough Earth Snake, Rough Earthsnake Virginia striatula Probably Present Native - -
red-eared slider Trachemys scripta elegans Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Southern Coal Skink Eumeces anthracinus pluvialis Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
timber rattlesnake Crotalus horridus Probably Present Unknown - -
Three-toed Box Turtle Terrapene carolina triunguis Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Western Wormsnake Carphophis vermis Present Native Common
Western Ribbon Snake Thamnophis proximus proximus Present Native Common
western earth snake Virginia valeriae elegans Probably Present Native - -
Western Cottonmouth Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma Probably Present Native - -
Western Pigmy Rattlesnake Sistrurus miliarius streckeri Present Native Rare

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Blanchard's Cricket Frog Acris crepitans blanchardi Present Native Abundant
bullfrog Rana catesbeiana Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
cave salamander Eurycea lucifuga Present Native Uncommon
Central Newt Notophthalmus viridescens louisianensis Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Dwarf American Toad Bufo americanus charlesmithi Present Native Uncommon
Dark-sided Salamander Eurycea longicauda melanopleura Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern narrowmouth toad Gastrophryne carolinensis Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Tiger Salamander Ambystoma tigrinum tigrinum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fowler's toad Bufo fowleri Probably Present Native - -
FROG, GREEN Rana clamitans melanota Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Gray Treefrog, Rain Toad, Tree Toad Hyla versicolor Present Native Uncommon
Graybelly Salamander Eurycea multiplicata griseogaster Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Northern Spring Peeper Pseudacris crucifer crucifer Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pickerel frog Rana palustris Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
rocky mountain toad Bufo woodhousii Not In Park Unknown - -
Ringed Salamander Ambystoma annulatum Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
southern leopard frog Rana sphenocephala Present Native Abundant
spotted salamander Ambystoma maculatum Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Upland chorus frog Pseudacris triseriata feriarum Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
wood frog Rana sylvatica Present Native Uncommon
Western Slimy Salamander Plethodon albagula Present Native Abundant

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Arkansas darter Etheostoma cragini Not In Park Unknown - -
Arkansas saddled darter Etheostoma euzonum Not In Park Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
brook silverside Labidesthes sicculus Not In Park Unknown - -
black redhorse Moxostoma duquesnei Not In Park Unknown - -
bigeye chub Notropis amblops Not In Park Unknown - -
bluntnose minnow Pimephales notatus Probably Present Native - -
blackstripe topminnow Fundulus notatus Not In Park Unknown - -
blackspotted topminnow Fundulus olivaceus Probably Present Native - -
Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus Present Native Common
black crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus Probably Present Unknown - -
banded darter Etheostoma zonale Not In Park Unknown - -
BANDED SCULPIN Cottus carolinae Present Native Abundant
black bullhead Ameiurus melas Present Native Rare
blue catfish Ictalurus furcatus Not In Park Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Sucker, White Sucker Catostomus commersoni Present Native Rare
central stoneroller Campostoma anomalum Present Native Common
common carp Cyprinus carpio Probably Present Non-native - -
cardinal shiner Luxilus cardinalis Present Native Common
creek chub Semotilus atromaculatus Present Native Common
chestnut lamprey Ichthyomyzon castaneus Probably Present Native - -
Channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
duskystripe shiner Luxilus pilsbryi Not In Park Unknown - -
Dollar Sunfish Lepomis marginatus Not In Park Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern shiners Notropis - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fathead Minnow Pimephales promelas Not In Park Unknown - -
fantail darter Etheostoma flabellare Present Native Common
flathead catfish Pylodictis olivaris Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
gizzard shad Dorosoma cepedianum Probably Present Native - -
golden redhorse Moxostoma erythrurum Not In Park Unknown - -
goldfish Carassius auratus Not In Park Unknown - -
grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella Probably Present Non-native - -
gravel chub Erimystax x-punctatus Not In Park Unknown - -
Golden Shiner Notemigonus crysoleucas Probably Present Non-native - -
ghost shiner Notropis buchanani Not In Park Unknown - -
Green Sunfish Lepomis cyanellus Present Native Rare
greenside darter Etheostoma blennioides Not In Park Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
highfin carpsucker Carpiodes velifer Not In Park Unknown - -
hornyhead chub Nocomis biguttatus Not In Park Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
largescale stoneroller Campostoma oligolepis Not In Park Unknown - -
- - Lepomis cyanellus X macrochirus Present Native Common
longear sunfish Lepomis megalotis Probably Present Native - -
Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides Present Native Rare
logperch Percina caprodes Probably Present Native - -
longnose darter Percina nasuta Not In Park Unknown - -
longnose gar Lepisosteus osseus Not In Park Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern hog sucker Hypentelium nigricans Present Native Rare
northern studfish Fundulus catenatus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ozark chub Erimystax harryi Not In Park Unknown - -
Ozark minnow Notropis nubilus Present Native Rare
Ozark shiner Notropis ozarcanus Not In Park Unknown - -
Orangespotted Sunfish Lepomis humilis Not In Park Unknown - -
orangethroat darter Etheostoma spectabile Present Native Uncommon
Ozark madtom Noturus albater Not In Park Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
RIVER REDHORSE Moxostoma carinatum Probably Present Native - -
redfin shiner Lythrurus umbratilis Not In Park Unknown - -
redspot chub Nocomis asper Present Native Uncommon
rosyface shiner Notropis rubellus Probably Present Native - -
rock bass Ambloplites rupestris Probably Present Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
smallmouth buffalo Ictiobus bubalus Not In Park Unknown - -
spotted sucker Minytrema melanops Not In Park Unknown - -
spotfin shiner Cyprinella spiloptera Not In Park Unknown - -
steelcolor shiner Cyprinella whipplei Not In Park Unknown - -
striped shiner Luxilus chrysocephalus Not In Park Unknown - -
southern redbelly dace Phoxinus erythrogaster Present Native Abundant
slim minnow Pimephales tenellus Not In Park Unknown - -
shadow bass Ambloplites ariommus Present Native Rare
Small Mouthed Black-bass, Smallmouth Bass, Small-mouthed Bass Micropterus dolomieu Probably Present Native - -
spotted bass Micropterus punctulatus Not In Park Unknown - -
stippled darter Etheostoma punctulatum Present Native Uncommon
speckled darter Etheostoma stigmaeum Probably Present Native - -
slenderhead darter Percina phoxocephala Not In Park Unknown - -
southern brook lamprey Ichthyomyzon gagei Not In Park Unknown - -
slender madtom Noturus exilis Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
threadfin shad Dorosoma petenense Not In Park Unknown - -
TELESCOPE SHINER Notropis telescopus Not In Park Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
whitetail shiner Cyprinella galactura Not In Park Unknown - -
wedgespot shiner Notropis greenei Not In Park Unknown - -
western mosquitofish Gambusia affinis Probably Present Non-native - -
warmouth Lepomis gulosus Not In Park Unknown - -
white crappie Pomoxis annularis Probably Present Unknown - -
white bass Morone chrysops Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow bullhead Ameiurus natalis Probably Present Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American water plantain, southern water plantain, waterplaintain Alisma subcordatum Present Native Rare
American holly Ilex opaca Present Native Rare
asparagus Asparagus officinalis Probably Present Non-native - -
annual ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia Present Native Common
arnoglossum, groovestem Indian plantain Arnoglossum plantagineum Present Native Rare
Atkinson's tickseed, golden tickseed, plains coreopsis, plains tickseed Coreopsis tinctoria Present Native Common
American burnweed Erechtites hieraciifolia var. hieraciifolia - - - - - -
ashy sunflower Helianthus mollis Present Native Common
Arkansas ironweed Vernonia arkansana Present Native Common
American bellflower Campanulastrum americanum Present Native Uncommon
American pokeweed Phytolacca americana var. americana Present Native Abundant
Asiatic dayflower Commelina communis Present Non-native Uncommon
American bladdernut Staphylea trifolia Present Native Common
Ashe juniper, Ashe's juniper Juniperus ashei Present Native Unknown
air potato Dioscorea oppositifolia - - - - - -
American hogpeanut Amphicarpaea bracteata Present Native Abundant
Atlantic pigeonwings, butterfly-pea, pigeonwings Clitoria mariana Present Native Uncommon
American hazelnut Corylus americana Present Native Uncommon
alfilaria Erodium cicutarium Probably Present Non-native - -
American Pennyroyal Hedeoma pulegioides Present Native Uncommon
American germander Teucrium canadense var. canadense Present Native Uncommon
American lopseed Phryma leptostachya Present Native Rare
Arkansas beardtongue Penstemon arkansanus Probably Present Native - -
arrowleaf violet, arrow-leaved violet Viola sagittata Present Native Uncommon
annual bluegrass Poa annua Present Non-native Uncommon
Alabama lipfern Cheilanthes alabamensis Present Native Rare
asplenium ladyfern Athyrium filix-femina ssp. asplenioides Present Native Uncommon
American sycamore Platanus occidentalis Present Native Common
Alabama supplejack Berchemia scandens Present Non-native Uncommon
Avens Geum canadense Present Native Common
American plum Prunus americana Probably Present Native - -
American elm Ulmus americana Probably Present Native - -
Atlantic poison oak, poison oak Toxicodendron pubescens Unconfirmed Native - -
American alumroot Heuchera americana var. americana Present Native Uncommon
American alumroot Heuchera americana var. hirsuticaulis Present Native Uncommon
Arkansas alumroot Heuchera villosa var. arkansana Probably Present Native - -
American nightshade Solanum ptychanthum Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
button eryngo, button snakeroot, Yuccaleaf eryngo Eryngium yuccifolium Present Native Uncommon
blackberry lily Belamcanda chinensis Present Non-native Uncommon
brown widelip orchid Liparis liliifolia Probably Present Native - -
bearded beggarticks Bidens aristosa Present Native Uncommon
Beggar Ticks, Stick-tight Bidens frondosa - - - - - -
- - Bidens frondosa var. frondosa Present Native Uncommon
bull thistle Cirsium vulgare Present Non-native Uncommon
Beyrich's fleabane, prairie fleabane Erigeron strigosus var. strigosus Present Native Common
browneyed Susan Rudbeckia triloba var. triloba Present Native Common
blowball, common dandelion, dandelion, faceclock Taraxacum officinale Present Non-native Abundant
Baldwin's ironweed, interior ironweed, ironweed, western ironweed Vernonia baldwinii Probably Present Native - -
blue houndstongue, wild comfrey Cynoglossum virginianum Present Native Common
beggarslice Hackelia virginiana Present Native Uncommon
bouncingbet Saponaria officinalis Present Non-native Uncommon
bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort Tradescantia ohiensis Present Native Common
blackgum Nyssa sylvatica Present Native Common
blackhaw Viburnum prunifolium Present Native Uncommon
Benjamin Franklin bush, Ozark cornsalad Valerianella ozarkana Probably Present Native - -
beaked cornsalad Valerianella radiata Present Native Common
Blue Ridge blueberry Vaccinium pallidum Present Native Common
Birdsfoot Trefoil Lotus corniculatus Present Non-native Uncommon
Black Medick Medicago lupulina Present Non-native Uncommon
broadleaf snoutbean, prairie snoutbean Rhynchosia latifolia Present Native Uncommon
black locust Robinia pseudoacacia Present Native Uncommon
blackjack oak Quercus marilandica var. marilandica Probably Present Native - -
black oak Quercus velutina Present Native Common
bitternut hickory Carya cordiformis Present Native Common
black hickory Carya texana Present Native Uncommon
black walnut Juglans nigra Present Native Common
butterfly milkweed Asclepias tuberosa ssp. interior Present Native Common
Baldwin's milkvine Matelea baldwyniana Present Native Uncommon
Bitter-bloom, Rose pink Sabatia angularis Present Native Uncommon
buttonweed Diodia teres Present Native Uncommon
blue fieldmadder Sherardia arvensis Present Non-native Uncommon
branched foldwing Dicliptera brachiata Probably Present Native - -
beefsteakplant Perilla frutescens Present Non-native Abundant
blue curls, forked bluecurls Trichostema dichotomum Present Native Rare
blue-eyed Mary Collinsia verna Probably Present Native - -
blackseed plantain Plantago rugelii Present Native Common
bristly greenbrier Smilax tamnoides Present Native Uncommon
black willow Salix nigra Probably Present Native - -
birdfoot violet Viola pedata Present Native Common
bush poppymallow, Bush's poppymallow Callirhoe bushii Probably Present Native - -
brevior sedge, fescue sedge, shortbeak sedge Carex brevior Present Native Uncommon
blue sedge Carex glaucodea Present Native Uncommon
broom sedge Carex scoparia var. scoparia Probably Present Native - -
blunt spike-rush Eleocharis obtusa Present Native Uncommon
bulrush, bulrushes Scirpus - - - - - -
Beak rush Juncus - - - - - -
bulbous woodrush Luzula bulbosa Present Native Uncommon
big bluestem Andropogon gerardii Present Native Uncommon
broomsedge Andropogon virginicus var. virginicus Present Native Uncommon
bearded shorthusk Brachyelytrum erectum var. erectum Present Native Uncommon
Bromegrass Bromus racemosus Present Non-native Common
Bromegrass Bromus tectorum Present Non-native Common
Bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon Present Non-native Abundant
Bosc's panicgrass Dichanthelium boscii Present Native Common
Barnyard Grass Echinochloa crus-galli Present Non-native Unknown
beaked panicgrass Panicum anceps - - - - - -
Bahia grass, bahiagrass Paspalum notatum Present Non-native Uncommon
broad beechfern Phegopteris hexagonoptera Present Native Uncommon
bluntlobe cliff fern Woodsia obtusa ssp. obtusa Present Native Uncommon
blue cohosh Caulophyllum thalictroides Probably Present Native - -
bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis Present Native Uncommon
black cohosh Cimicifuga racemosa Present Native Common
bristly buttercup Ranunculus hispidus var. hispidus Present Native Common
beaked agrimony Agrimonia rostellata Present Native Common
bride's feathers Aruncus dioicus var. pubescens Present Native Uncommon
Black Chokeberry Photinia melanocarpa Present Native Rare
Black Cherry Prunus serotina Present Native Common
black raspberry Rubus occidentalis Present Native Uncommon
boxelder Acer negundo Present Native Common
Black maple Acer saccharum var. nigrum Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Arrrowhead Sagittaria latifolia Present Native Rare
Canadian honewort Cryptotaenia canadensis Present Native Uncommon
Canadian blacksnakeroot Sanicula canadensis Present Native Uncommon
clustered blacksnakeroot Sanicula odorata Present Native Uncommon
Canada garlic, meadow garlic Allium canadense var. canadense Present Native Uncommon
Crow-poison Nothoscordum bivalve Present Native Uncommon
common goldstar Hypoxis hirsuta Present Native Uncommon
coral root, spring coralroot Corallorhiza wisteriana Probably Present Native - -
common yarrow Achillea millefolium Present Native Abundant
Chicory Cichorium intybus Present Non-native Uncommon
Canadian horseweed Conyza canadensis Present Native Common
Carolina elephantsfoot Elephantopus carolinianus Present Native Common
Canada lettuce Lactuca canadensis Present Native Common
China lettuce, prickly lettuce, wild lettuce Lactuca serriola Probably Present Non-native - -
cattail gayfeather, prairie blazing star Liatris pycnostachya var. pycnostachya Present Native Common
camphor pluchea Pluchea camphorata Present Native Uncommon
Coneflower Rudbeckia hirta var. hirta Present Native Abundant
compass plant, compassplant Silphium laciniatum Present Native Unknown
Canadian goldenrod Solidago canadensis var. hargeri Present Native Common
common blue wood aster Symphyotrichum cordifolium Probably Present Native - -
common salsify, goat's beard, goatsbeard, meadow goat's-beard, salsifis majeur, salsify, western goat's beard, western salsify, wild oysterplant, yellow goat's beard, yellow salsify Tragopogon dubius Present Non-native Rare
clasping Venus' lookingglass, clasping Venus' looking-glass, clasping-leaf Venus' looking-glass Triodanis perfoliata var. perfoliata Present Native Uncommon
cutleaf toothwort Cardamine concatenata Present Native Common
coast wallflower, sand dune wallflower, western wallflower Erysimum capitatum Probably Present Native - -
common chickweed Stellaria media Present Native Common
Carpetweed Mollugo verticillata Present Native Uncommon
Common Smartweed, Water Pepper Persicaria hydropiper Probably Present Native - -
common sheep sorrel Rumex acetosella Present Non-native Uncommon
Curly dock Rumex crispus Present Non-native Uncommon
climbing euonymus, winter creeper Euonymus fortunei Present Non-native Uncommon
common elderberry Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis Present Native Uncommon
coralberry Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Present Native Abundant
common persimmon Diospyros virginiana Present Native Common
cleft phlox Phlox bifida ssp. bifida Probably Present Native - -
Crown Vetch Coronilla varia Present Non-native Unknown
Chinese lespedeza Lespedeza cuneata Present Non-native Abundant
creeping lespedeza Lespedeza repens Present Native Uncommon
Carolina vetch Vicia caroliniana Probably Present Native - -
chinkapin oak Quercus muehlenbergii Present Native Common
cherrybark oak, Texas oak Quercus pagoda Present Native Uncommon
Carolina hickory, scalybark hickory, shagbark hickory, shellbark hickory, upland hickory Carya ovata var. ovata Present Native Uncommon
common periwinkle Vinca minor Probably Present Non-native - -
Carolina geranium Geranium carolinianum var. carolinianum Present Native Common
common dittany Cunila origanoides Present Native Common
corn speedwell Veronica arvensis Present Non-native Common
Common Mullein Verbascum thapsus Present Non-native Uncommon
croton Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis Present Native Unknown
Common St. Johnswort Hypericum perforatum Present Non-native Uncommon
coastal plain willow Salix caroliniana Present Native Uncommon
coyote willow, desert willow, narrowleaf willow, sandbar willow Salix exigua Unconfirmed Native - -
common blue violet Viola sororia Present Native Common
Cut-leaved Evening Primrose Oenothera laciniata Present Native Uncommon
creeping oxalis, creeping woodsorrel, 'ihi, yellow oxalis, yellow wood sorrel Oxalis corniculata Present Native Uncommon
common yellow oxalis Oxalis stricta Present Native Common
Canadian wildginger Asarum canadense Present Native Common
carex, sedge, sedge species, sedges Carex - - - - - -
common rush Juncus effusus Present Native Uncommon
Cheat, Bromegrass Bromus secalinus Present Non-native Uncommon
cypress panicgrass Dichanthelium dichotomum - - - - - -
cypress panic grass Dichanthelium dichotomum ssp. dichotomum Present Native Uncommon
cypress panicgrass Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum - - - - - -
clustered fescue Festuca paradoxa Present Native Uncommon
Common Darnel, Perennial Ryegrass Lolium perenne Probably Present Non-native - -
Christmas Fern Polystichum acrostichoides Present Native Abundant
Carolina snailseed Cocculus carolinus Present Native Uncommon
Carolina larkspur Delphinium carolinianum ssp. carolinianum Present Native Uncommon
common hackberry Celtis occidentalis Present Native Common
Carolina buckthorn Frangula caroliniana Present Native Common
Common Buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Common Shadbush Amelanchier arborea Present Native Common
common cinquefoil Potentilla simplex Present Native Common
chokecherry Prunus virginiana var. virginiana Not In Park Native - -
climbing rose Rosa setigera Present Native Uncommon
Common Blackberry Rubus allegheniensis Present Native Rare
Canadian clearweed Pilea pumila Present Native Uncommon
creeping jenny, European bindweed, field bindweed, perennial morningglory, smallflowered morningglory Convolvulus arvensis Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
dwarf crested iris Iris cristata Present Native Uncommon
Dwarf dandelion Krigia virginica Probably Present Native - -
downy goldenrod, downy ragged goldenrod Solidago petiolaris Present Native Uncommon
- - Dianthus armeria ssp. armeria Present Non-native Uncommon
Doorweed, Common Knotgrass Polygonum aviculare - - - - - -
deerberry Vaccinium stamineum Present Native Uncommon
downy phlox Phlox pilosa ssp. pilosa Probably Present Native - -
dwarf chinkapin oak Quercus prinoides Present Native Common
downy gentian Gentiana puberulenta Probably Present Native - -
diamondflowers, prairie bluets Hedyotis nigricans var. nigricans Present Native Common
Dove's-foot Cranesbill Geranium molle Present Non-native Uncommon
downy pagoda-plant Blephilia ciliata Present Native Uncommon
Dakota vervain Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida Present Native Abundant
dwarf wakerobin Trillium pusillum var. pusillum Probably Present Native - -
doveweed Croton capitatus Present Native Uncommon
Dillen's oxalis, slender yellow woodsorrel Oxalis dillenii Present Native Common
drooping sedge Carex prasina Probably Present Native - -
daggerleaf spikerush Eleocharis lanceolata Present Native Uncommon
dwarf hackberry, Southern Hackberry Celtis tenuifolia Present Native Uncommon
dwarf hawthorn Crataegus uniflora Present Native Uncommon
Dewberry Rubus frondosus Probably Present Native - -
Dwarf sumac, Winged sumac Rhus copallina Present Native Common
downt ground-cherry Physalis pubescens var. integrifolia Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern yampah, Osage perideridia Perideridia americana Present Native Rare
erect hedgeparsley Torilis japonica Present Non-native Common
English ivy Hedera helix Probably Present Non-native - -
eastern camas Camassia scilloides Present Native Common
eastern purple coneflower Echinacea purpurea Present Native Uncommon
eastern daisy fleabane Erigeron annuus Present Native Uncommon
early goldenrod Solidago juncea Probably Present Native - -
elmleaf goldenrod Solidago ulmifolia var. ulmifolia Present Native Uncommon
eastern redcedar Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana Present Native Abundant
eastern milkpea Galactia regularis Present Native Uncommon
eastern bluestar, willow slimpod Amsonia tabernaemontana Present Native Uncommon
eastern featherbells Stenanthium gramineum Probably Present Native - -
early blue violet Viola palmata Present Native Uncommon
eastern narrowleaf sedge Carex amphibola Present Native Uncommon
eastern woodland sedge Carex blanda Present Native Common
- - Elymus canadensis var. brachystachys Present Native Common
eastern bottlebrush grass Elymus hystrix var. hystrix Present Native Common
eastern gamagrass Tripsacum dactyloides Present Native Uncommon
eight-flower six-weeks grass, sixweeks fescue Vulpia octoflora var. octoflora Probably Present Native - -
ebony spleenwort Asplenium platyneuron Present Native Common
early woodbuttercup Ranunculus abortivus Probably Present Native - -
early buttercup Ranunculus fascicularis Present Native Uncommon
eastern poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
FIELD GARLIC Allium vineale Present Non-native Uncommon
feathery false lily of the vally Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum Present Native Uncommon
false aloe Manfreda virginica Present Native Rare
Field Pussytoes Antennaria neglecta Present Native Rare
false boneset Brickellia eupatorioides var. eupatorioides Present Native Uncommon
florida lettuce Lactuca floridana Present Native Common
False dandelion Pyrrhopappus carolinianus Probably Present Native - -
fuzzy phacelia, hairy phacelia Phacelia hirsuta Present Native Uncommon
fire pink Silene virginica Present Native Uncommon
flowering dogwood Cornus florida Present Native Common
feverwort Triosteum perfoliatum - - - - - -
fewflower ticktrefoil, fewflowered tickclover Desmodium pauciflorum Present Native Uncommon
field clover Trifolium campestre Present Non-native Common
fourleaf milkweed Asclepias quadrifolia Present Native Uncommon
fragrant bedstraw Galium triflorum Present Native Uncommon
fringeleaf wild petunia Ruellia humilis var. humilis Present Native Uncommon
fringetree Chionanthus virginicus Present Native Uncommon
flowering spurge Euphorbia corollata Present Native Common
false spotted St. Johnswort Hypericum pseudomaculatum Present Native Rare
field pansy Viola bicolor Probably Present Native - -
fringe poppymallow, winecup Callirhoe digitata Probably Present Native - -
Field Sedge Carex conoidea Probably Present Native - -
Frank's sedge Carex frankii Present Native Uncommon
fuzzy wuzzy sedge Carex hirsutella Present Native Common
fewflower nutrush Scleria pauciflora var. pauciflora Probably Present Native - -
field rush Juncus tenuis Present Native Common
fall witchgrass Digitaria cognata Probably Present Native - -
fowl mannagrass Glyceria striata Present Native Uncommon
flowering quince Chaenomeles speciosa Present Non-native Uncommon
fragrant sumac Rhus aromatica var. aromatica Present Native Uncommon
frost grape Vitis vulpina Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
green dragon Arisaema dracontium Present Native Uncommon
garden onion Allium cepa Present Non-native Uncommon
Gulf Coast yucca, Louisiana yucca Yucca louisianensis Present Native Rare
gladiolus Gladiolus X gandavensis Present Non-native Rare
Green Adder's Mouth Malaxis unifolia Probably Present Native - -
Green Fringed Orchis Platanthera lacera Probably Present Native - -
Great Ragweed Ambrosia trifida Present Native Common
Gray Goldenrod Solidago nemoralis - - - - - -
gravelweed Verbesina helianthoides Present Native Common
giant ironweed, tall ironweed Vernonia gigantea Present Native Uncommon
great blue lobelia Lobelia siphilitica var. siphilitica Present Native Rare
green rockcress Arabis missouriensis - - - - - -
Great Water Dock Rumex orbiculatus Unconfirmed Native - -
Guadeloupe cucumber Melothria pendula var. pendula Present Native Rare
Greek valerian Polemonium reptans var. reptans Present Native Uncommon
gum bully Sideroxylon lanuginosum Present Native Uncommon
garden vetch Vicia sativa ssp. sativa Present Non-native Common
green antelopehorn Asclepias viridis Present Native Uncommon
- - Galium arkansanum var. arkansanum Present Native Uncommon
ground ivy Glechoma hederacea Present Non-native Uncommon
green ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica Present Native Common
globe flatsedge Cyperus echinatus Present Native Uncommon
green bristlegrass Setaria viridis var. viridis Present Native Uncommon
glade larkspur Delphinium treleasei Probably Present Native - -
gooseberry Ribes missouriense Present Native Uncommon
groundcherry, husk tomato, husk-tomato Physalis pubescens Present Native Uncommon
graybark grape Vitis cinerea Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hairyfruit chervil Chaerophyllum tainturieri var. tainturieri Present Native Uncommon
hairy coreopsis, star tickseed Coreopsis pubescens Present Native Uncommon
hyssopleaf thoroughwort Eupatorium hyssopifolium var. calcaratum Present Native Uncommon
hairy sunflower Helianthus hirsutus Present Native Common
hairy hawkweed, longbeard hawkweed Hieracium longipilum Probably Present Native - -
Hairy Goldenrod Solidago hispida Present Native Uncommon
hairy white oldfield aster Symphyotrichum pilosum var. pilosum Present Native Common
hairy bittercress Cardamine hirsuta Present Non-native Uncommon
Hedge Mustard Sisymbrium officinale Present Non-native Uncommon
hairy forked nailwort Paronychia fastigiata Present Native Rare
heart-leaf four-o'clock Mirabilis nyctaginea Present Native Rare
hoary ticktrefoil Desmodium canescens Probably Present Native - -
hairy small-leaf ticktrefoil, littleleaf tickclover Desmodium ciliare Present Native Uncommon
honeylocust Gleditsia triacanthos Present Native Common
hairy lespedeza Lespedeza hirta - - - - - -
hairy clover Trifolium arvense Present Non-native Uncommon
hophornbeam Ostrya virginiana Present Native Uncommon
hairy bedstraw Galium pilosum Present Native Common
- - Hedyotis crassifolia Present Native Common
- - Hedyotis purpurea Present Native Common
henbit deadnettle Lamium amplexicaule Present Native Common
hoary skullcap Scutellaria incana var. incana Present Native Unknown
heart-leaved skullcap Scutellaria ovata Present Native Uncommon
heartleaf noseburn Tragia cordata Unconfirmed Native - -
heavy sedge Carex gravida Probably Present Native - -
Heller's rosette grass, Scribner panic, Scribner panicum, Scribners panicum, Scribner's panicum, Scribner's rosette grass Dichanthelium oligosanthes var. scribnerianum - - - - - -
hairyseed paspalum Paspalum pubiflorum Present Native Uncommon
hairy lip-fern Cheilanthes lanosa Present Native Rare
Hawthorn Crataegus crus-galli Present Native Uncommon
heartleaf avens Geum vernum Present Native Uncommon
hortulan plum Prunus hortulana Probably Present Native - -
hedge false bindweed Calystegia sepium ssp. angulata Present Non-native Uncommon
hairy evolvulus Evolvulus nuttallianus Present Native Rare
horse-nettle Solanum carolinense Present Native Common
heartleaf ampelopsis, heartleaf peppervine Ampelopsis cordata Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Indian-tobacco Lobelia inflata Present Native Uncommon
Illinois bundleflower Desmanthus illinoensis Probably Present Native - -
Illinois tickclover, Illinois ticktrefoil Desmodium illinoense Probably Present Native - -
intermediate lespedeza Lespedeza intermedia Present Native Common
Indianhemp Apocynum cannabinum Present Native Common
inflated narrow-leaf sedge Carex grisea Present Native Uncommon
Indian woodoats Chasmanthium latifolium Present Native Abundant
Indiangrass, yellow indian-grass Sorghastrum nutans Present Native Uncommon
Indian physic Porteranthus stipulatus Present Native Abundant
Ivy-leaved morning glory Ipomoea hederacea Probably Present Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Jack in the pulpit Arisaema triphyllum Present Native Uncommon
jumpseed Persicaria virginiana Present Native Common
Japanese honeysuckle Lonicera japonica Present Non-native Abundant
jewelweed Impatiens capensis Present Native Uncommon
James' sedge Carex jamesii Present Native Rare
Japanese brome Bromus japonicus Present Non-native Common
junegrass, prairie Junegrass Koeleria macrantha Probably Present Native - -
Johnsongrass Sorghum halepense Present Non-native Common
Jamestown weed, jimsonweed, mad apple, moonflower, stinkwort, thorn apple Datura stramonium Probably Present Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
knotweed Persicaria punctata Present Native Uncommon
Korean clover, Korean lespedeza Kummerowia stipulacea Probably Present Non-native - -
Kentucky bluegrass Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis Probably Present Non-native - -
Kentucky spleenwort Asplenium X kentuckiense Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
longstyle sweetroot Osmorhiza longistylis Present Native Uncommon
little ladiestresses, little ladies'-tresses, little lady's tresses Spiranthes tuberosa Present Native Rare
lanceleaf ragweed Ambrosia bidentata Probably Present Native - -
lance coreopsis, lanceleaf tickseed Coreopsis lanceolata Present Native Common
lateflowering thoroughwort Eupatorium serotinum Present Native Uncommon
late goldenrod Solidago altissima - - - - - -
late purple aster Symphyotrichum patens var. patens Present Native Common
Lamb's Quarters, Pigweed Chenopodium album Probably Present Non-native - -
limber honeysuckle Lonicera dioica Present Native Rare
leadplant, leadplant amorpha Amorpha canescens Probably Present Native - -
largeleaf wild indigo Baptisia alba var. macrophylla Unconfirmed Native - -
longbract wild indigo Baptisia bracteata var. leucophaea Present Native Uncommon
Large-bracted tick-trefoil Desmodium cuspidatum Present Native Uncommon
licorice bedstraw Galium circaezans Present Native Uncommon
limestone calamint Calamintha arkansana Present Native Common
lyreleaf sage Salvia lyrata Present Native Common
largeflower yellow false foxglove Aureolaria grandiflora Present Native Uncommon
largebracted plantain Plantago aristata Present Native Common
longflower beeblossom Gaura longiflora Present Native Uncommon
Long-tag pine, Shortleaf pine, Yellow pine Pinus echinata Present Native Uncommon
Leavenworth's sedge Carex leavenworthii Present Native Uncommon
longleaf threeawn Aristida purpurascens var. purpurascens Present Native Uncommon
little quakinggrass Briza minor Present Non-native Uncommon
Lindheimer panicgrass Dichanthelium acuminatum var. lindheimeri - - - - - -
lace grass, lacegrass Eragrostis capillaris Present Native Common
little bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium Present Native Common
lobed spleenwort Asplenium pinnatifidum Present Native Rare
littlehip hawthorn Crataegus spathulata Present Native Uncommon
love dodder, scaldweed Cuscuta gronovii var. gronovii Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
meadow garlic Allium canadense var. mobilense Present Native Uncommon
Mountain catchfly Silene ovata Probably Present Native - -
Mock orange Philadelphus - - - - - -
- - Mimosa quadrivalvis var. nuttallii Present Native Uncommon
Maryland senna Senna marilandica Present Native Uncommon
mockernut hickory Carya tomentosa Present Native Common
Maryland figwort Scrophularia marilandica Present Native Rare
Moth Mullein Verbascum blattaria Present Non-native Uncommon
mercuryweed, threeseeded mercury, Virginia copperleaf, Virginia threeseed mercury, wax balls Acalypha virginica Probably Present Native - -
Missouri maidenbush Andrachne phyllanthoides Present Native Uncommon
Muhlenberg's sedge Carex muehlenbergii var. enervis Present Native Uncommon
meadow fescue Lolium pratense Present Non-native Uncommon
Muhly grass Muhlenbergia - - - - - -
marsh bristlegrass Setaria parviflora Present Native Uncommon
maidenhair spleenwort Asplenium trichomanes ssp. trichomanes Present Native Unknown
Marginal Shield Fern Dryopteris marginalis Present Native Uncommon
mayapple Podophyllum peltatum Present Native Common
mountain bugbane Cimicifuga americana Not In Park Native - -
Mexican plum Prunus mexicana Present Native Uncommon
multiflora rose Rosa multiflora Present Non-native Common
man of the earth Ipomoea pandurata Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Nuttall's pleatleaf, purple pleatleaf Nemastylis nuttallii Probably Present Native - -
nodding ladies'-tresses Spiranthes cernua Probably Present Native - -
nodding pogonia, three birds orchid Triphora trianthophora - - - - - -
narrowleaf gumweed Grindelia lanceolata var. lanceolata Present Native Common
Nipplewort Lapsana communis Probably Present Non-native - -
Nodding Smartweed, Pale Smartweed Persicaria lapathifolia Probably Present Native - -
nakedflower ticktrefoil Desmodium nudiflorum Present Native Common
Nuttall's ticktrefoil Desmodium nuttallii Present Native Uncommon
Northern Red Oak Quercus rubra Present Native Common
northern catalpa Catalpa speciosa Present Native Uncommon
narrowleaf mountainmint Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Present Native Uncommon
narrowleaf plantain Plantago lanceolata Present Non-native Common
narrowleaf vervain Verbena simplex Present Native Uncommon
northern spicebush Lindera benzoin Present Native Common
narrowleaf pinweed Lechea tenuifolia Present Native Rare
needle spikerush Eleocharis acicularis Present Native Uncommon
nodding muhly Muhlenbergia bushii Probably Present Native - -
northern maidenhair Adiantum pedatum - - - - - -
New Jersey tea Ceanothus americanus Probably Present Native - -
Ninebark Physocarpus opulifolius Present Native Rare
northern dewberry Rubus flagellaris Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Oklahoma grasspink Calopogon oklahomensis Probably Present Native - -
oxeye daisy Leucanthemum vulgare Present Non-native Common
oriental bittersweet Celastrus orbiculatus Present Non-native Uncommon
Ozark chinkapin, Ozark chinquapin Castanea pumila var. ozarkensis Present Native Rare
old-field three-awn Aristida oligantha Probably Present Native - -
Orchard Grass Dactylis glomerata Present Non-native Common
openflower rosette grass Dichanthelium laxiflorum Present Native Uncommon
old switch panic grass, switchgrass Panicum virgatum Present Native Common
osage orange Maclura pomifera Present Native Uncommon
Ohio buckeye Aesculus glabra var. glabra Present Native Common
Ozark witchhazel Hamamelis vernalis Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
poison-hemlock Conium maculatum Present Native Uncommon
possumhaw Ilex decidua - - - - - -
poet's narcissus Narcissus poeticus Present Non-native Uncommon
prairie blueeyed grass, prairie blue-eyed grass Sisyrinchium campestre Probably Present Native - -
Pearly Everlasting Anaphalis margaritacea Present Native Uncommon
pale purple coneflower Echinacea pallida Probably Present Native - -
Philadelphia daisy, Philadelphia fleabane Erigeron philadelphicus var. philadelphicus Present Native Uncommon
purplehead sneezeweed Helenium flexuosum Probably Present Native - -
paleleaf woodland sunflower Helianthus strumosus Present Native Uncommon
potato dwarfdandelion, tuber dandelion, tuber dwarfdandelion Krigia dandelion Present Native Uncommon
prairie goldenrod Oligoneuron album Present Native Rare
pinnate prairie coneflower Ratibida pinnata Present Native Uncommon
Palmer's goldenrod Solidago ulmifolia var. palmeri Probably Present Native - -
prairie ironweed, western ironweed Vernonia fasciculata Unconfirmed Native - -
palespike lobelia Lobelia spicata Present Native Common
pasture heliotrope Heliotropium tenellum Present Native Rare
Pennsylvania Bitter Cress Cardamine pensylvanica Present Native Common
poorman's-pepperwort Lepidium virginicum var. virginicum Present Native Uncommon
pricklypear Opuntia humifusa var. humifusa Present Native Rare
pitcher's stitchwort Minuartia patula Present Native Uncommon
Pink Knotweed, Pinkweed Persicaria pensylvanica Probably Present Native - -
Pinesap Monotropa hypopithys Probably Present Native - -
partridge pea, sensitive partridge pea, sensitive plant Chamaecrista nictitans var. nictitans Probably Present Native - -
purple prairie clover, purple prairieclover, violet dalea, violet prairie clover, violet prairieclover, violet prairie-clover Dalea purpurea var. purpurea Present Native Uncommon
Pointed-leaved Tick Trefoil Desmodium glutinosum Present Native Common
panicled ticktrefoil Desmodium paniculatum Probably Present Native - -
prostrate ticktrefoil Desmodium rotundifolium Present Native Common
Purple Milkwort Polygala sanguinea Present Native Uncommon
pin oak Quercus palustris Present Native Rare
post oak Quercus stellata Present Native Common
pignut hickory Carya glabra Present Native Uncommon
pecan Carya illinoinensis Present Native Rare
Purple milkweed Asclepias purpurascens Present Native Uncommon
Periwinkle Vinca major Present Non-native Rare
piedmont bedstraw Cruciata pedemontana Present Non-native Uncommon
purple deadnettle Lamium purpureum var. purpureum Present Non-native Common
Purple gerardia Agalinis fasciculata Present Native Uncommon
prairie false foxglove, prairie false-foxglove Agalinis heterophylla Present Native Uncommon
purple agalinis Agalinis purpurea Unconfirmed Native - -
princesstree Paulownia tomentosa Present Non-native Rare
paleseed Indianwheat, Virginia plantain Plantago virginica Present Native Uncommon
pawpaw Asimina triloba Present Native Common
prairie tea Croton monanthogynus Present Native Uncommon
purple passionflower Passiflora incarnata Present Native Uncommon
Pansy Viola tricolor Present Non-native Uncommon
poverty oatgrass Danthonia spicata Present Native Uncommon
purple lovegrass Eragrostis spectabilis Present Non-native Common
- - Panicum lanuginosum - - - - - -
pearl millet, pearl-millet, yellow bristlegrass Pennisetum glaucum Not In Park Non-native - -
prairie wedgegrass Sphenopholis obtusata Present Native Uncommon
purpletop tridens Tridens flavus var. flavus Present Native Abundant
powdery false cloak fern, powdery falsecloak fern Argyrochosma dealbata Probably Present Native - -
purple cliffbrake Pellaea atropurpurea Present Native Common
pale leather flower Clematis versicolor Present Native Uncommon
peach Prunus persica Present Non-native Rare
Pasture Rose Rosa carolina Present Native Uncommon
plains blackberry Rubus laudatus Unconfirmed Native - -
Pennsylvania Pellitory Parietaria pensylvanica Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Queen Anne's lace Daucus carota Present Non-native Abundant
queendevil Hieracium gronovii Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
robin's plantain Erigeron pulchellus var. pulchellus Present Native Uncommon
roundleaf ragwort Packera obovata Present Native Uncommon
rabbittobacco Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium ssp. obtusifolium Present Native Uncommon
roughleaf rosinweed, starry rosinweed Silphium asteriscus var. asteriscus Present Native Uncommon
royal catchfly Silene regia Probably Present Native - -
roughleaf dogwood Cornus drummondii Present Native Uncommon
rusty blackhaw Viburnum rufidulum Present Native Uncommon
redbud Cercis canadensis var. canadensis Present Native Abundant
red clover Trifolium pratense Present Non-native Common
redpurple beebalm, Russell's henbit Monarda russeliana Present Native Uncommon
rose mock vervain, rose verbena Glandularia canadensis Present Native Common
roundseed St. Johnswort Hypericum sphaerocarpum Probably Present Native - -
rattlesnake fern Botrychium virginianum Present Native Common
reflexed sedge Carex retroflexa Present Native Uncommon
Redtop Agrostis gigantea Unconfirmed Non-native - -
red threeawn, slimspike threeawn Aristida longispica var. longispica Probably Present Native - -
roundseed panicgrass, roundseed panicum Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon Present Native Uncommon
rough barnyardgrass Echinochloa muricata var. muricata Present Native Uncommon
rock muhly Muhlenbergia sobolifera Probably Present Native - -
rock buttercup Ranunculus micranthus Present Native Uncommon
rue anemone Thalictrum thalictroides Present Native Common
red mulberry Morus rubra Present Native Common
roughfruit cinquefoil Potentilla recta Present Non-native Common
Reeves' meadowsweet Spiraea cantoniensis Present Non-native Rare
rock elm Ulmus thomasii Probably Present Native - -
red maple Acer rubrum var. rubrum Present Native Common
red morning glory Ipomoea coccinea Probably Present Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
spreading chervil Chaerophyllum procumbens var. procumbens Present Native Common
Spanish needles Bidens bipinnata - - - - - -
soft goldenaster Bradburia pilosa Present Native Common
stiff tickseed, wedgeleaf coreopsis Coreopsis palmata Present Native Uncommon
slender fleabane, slenderleaf fleabane Erigeron tenuis Present Native Uncommon
spoonleaf purple everlasting