Russell Cave National Monument Park

Rank: 322

Park Description

Russell Cave is an archaeological site with one of the most complete records of prehistoric cultures in the Southeast. Thousands of years ago a portion of Russell Cave's entrance collapsed, creating a shelter that, for more than 10,000 years, was home to prehistoric peoples. Today it provides clues to the daily lifeways of early North American inhabitants dating from 10,000 B.C. to 1650 A.D.

Park Address

Russell Cave National Monument 3729 County Road 98

Bridgeport, AL, 35740


Species in Russell Cave National Monument Park by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in Russell Cave National Monument Park. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.



 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Appalachian Cottontail Sylvilagus obscurus Unconfirmed Native - -
American Beaver, Beaver, Canadian Beaver Castor canadensis Present Native Common
Appalachian woodrat Neotoma magister Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bobcat Lynx rufus Present Native Uncommon
Black Bear Ursus americanus Present Native Uncommon
big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus Present Native Common
Black Rat Rattus rattus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
coyote Canis latrans Present Unknown Common
common gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus Present Native Common
Cougar, mountain lion, Puma Puma concolor Not In Park Native - -
common otter, North American River Otter, northern river otter, river otter Lontra canadensis Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Muskrat, Muskrat, Musquash, Water Rat Ondatra zibethicus Unconfirmed Native - -
cotton mouse Peromyscus gossypinus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
domestic dog, feral dog Canis familiaris Present Non-native Common
Domestic Cat Felis catus Present Non-native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Spotted Skunk, spotted skunk Spilogale putorius Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern red bat Lasiurus borealis Present Native Common
Eastern Small-footed Myotis, Small-footed Myotis Myotis leibii Unconfirmed Native - -
evening bat Nycticeius humeralis Present Native Common
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Present Native Common
eastern woodrat Neotoma floridana Present Native Uncommon
eastern harvest mouse Reithrodontomys humulis Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis Present Native Common
eastern fox squirrel Sciurus niger Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern chipmunk Tamias striatus Present Native Common
eastern mole Scalopus aquaticus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Feral Pig Sus scrofa Unconfirmed Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
gray bat Myotis grisescens Present Native Uncommon
golden mouse Ochrotomys nuttalli Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus Unconfirmed Native - -
Hedgehog, Porcupine Erethizon dorsatum Not In Park Unknown - -
house mouse Mus musculus Present Non-native Common
hispid cotton rat Sigmodon hispidus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Indiana bat Myotis sodalis Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata Unconfirmed Native - -
little brown bat Myotis lucifugus Present Native Occasional
long-nosed armadillo, Nine-banded Armadillo Dasypus novemcinctus Present Native Uncommon
least shrew Cryptotis parva Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mink Mustela vison Unconfirmed Native - -
meadow jumping mouse Zapus hudsonius Unconfirmed Native - -
marsh rice rat Oryzomys palustris Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern bat Myotis septentrionalis Present Native Uncommon
Norway rat Rattus norvegicus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
northern short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
prairie vole Microtus ochrogaster Unconfirmed Native - -
pygmy shrew Sorex hoyi Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red fox Vulpes vulpes Unconfirmed Unknown - -
raccoon Procyon lotor Present Native Common
Rafinesque's big-eared bat Corynorhinus rafinesquii Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis Present Native Common
silver-haired bat Lasionycteris noctivagans Unconfirmed Native - -
Seminole Bat Lasiurus seminolus Unconfirmed Native - -
Swamp Rabbit Sylvilagus aquaticus Unconfirmed Native - -
southern flying squirrel Glaucomys volans Present Native Uncommon
Southern Short-tailed Shrew Blarina carolinensis Unconfirmed Native - -
southeastern shrew Sorex longirostris Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
tri-colored bat Perimyotis subflavus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Present Native Common
woodland vole Microtus pinetorum Present Native Common
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Present Native Abundant
woodchuck Marmota monax Present Native Uncommon

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Golden Eagle, Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos Unconfirmed Native - -
American Pintail, Northern Pintail, Pintail Anas acuta Unconfirmed Native - -
American Wigeon, Baldpate Anas americana Unconfirmed Native - -
American Black Duck, Black Duck, Common Black Duck, Red-legged Black Duck Anas rubripes Unconfirmed Native - -
American Golden-eye, Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula Unconfirmed Native - -
American Black Tern, Black Tern Chlidonias niger Unconfirmed Native - -
American Herring Gull, Herring Gull Larus argentatus Unconfirmed Native - -
american woodcock Scolopax minor Present Native Uncommon
American Peregrine Falcon, Duck Hawk, Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Unconfirmed Native - -
american kestrel Falco sparverius Present Native Uncommon
American Coot, Northern American Coot Fulica americana Unconfirmed Native - -
american crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Present Native Common
american goldfinch Carduelis tristis Present Native Common
American Pipit, American Water Pipit, Water Pipit Anthus rubescens Present Native Rare
american redstart Setophaga ruticilla Present Native Uncommon
american robin Turdus migratorius Present Native Uncommon
alder flycatcher Empidonax alnorum Unconfirmed Native - -
acadian flycatcher Empidonax virescens Present Native Uncommon
Arkansas Kingbird, Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis Unconfirmed Native - -
American Egret, Common Egret?, Great Egret Ardea alba Unconfirmed Native - -
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus Unconfirmed Native - -
American White Pelican, White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Unconfirmed Native - -
American White Ibis, White Ibis Eudocimus albus Unconfirmed Native - -
American Long-eared Owl, Long-eared Owl Asio otus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
broad-winged hawk Buteo platypterus Present Native Uncommon
Bald Eagle, Northern Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Present Native Rare
black vulture Coragyps atratus Present Native Uncommon
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Unconfirmed Native - -
Bufflehead, Buffle-head Bucephala albeola Unconfirmed Native - -
Blue Goose, Snow Goose Chen caerulescens Unconfirmed Native - -
Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia Unconfirmed Native - -
Belted Kingfisher, Eastern Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Present Native Uncommon
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus Unconfirmed Native - -
Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea Present Native Uncommon
Brown Creeper Certhia americana Present Native Uncommon
blue jay Cyanocitta cristata Present Native Common
Bachman's Sparrow Aimophila aestivalis Unconfirmed Native - -
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Common
Bank Swallow, Common Bank Swallow Riparia riparia Unconfirmed Native - -
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus Unconfirmed Native - -
Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus Unconfirmed Native - -
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Present Native Uncommon
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Native Common
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Present Native Uncommon
black-throated blue warbler Dendroica caerulescens Unconfirmed Native - -
bay-breasted warbler Dendroica castanea Present Native Uncommon
blackburnian warbler Dendroica fusca Present Native Uncommon
Black-throated Gray Warbler Dendroica nigrescens Unconfirmed Native - -
blackpoll warbler Dendroica striata Present Native Uncommon
black-throated green warbler Dendroica virens Present Native Uncommon
black-and-white warbler Mniotilta varia Present Native Common
blue-winged warbler Vermivora pinus Unconfirmed Native - -
blue-gray gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Present Native Common
Brown-headed Nuthatch Sitta pusilla Present Native Rare
Bewick's Wren, Eastern Bewick's Wren Thryomanes bewickii Unconfirmed Native - -
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius Present Native Uncommon
Black-crowned Night Heron, Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Unconfirmed Native - -
barred owl Strix varia Present Native Uncommon
Barn Owl, North American Barn Owl Tyto alba Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
cooper's hawk Accipiter cooperii Present Native Uncommon
Common Mallard, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Unconfirmed Native - -
Canvasback Aythya valisineria Unconfirmed Native - -
Canada Goose, Eastern Canada Goose Branta canadensis Unconfirmed Native - -
chimney swift Chaetura pelagica Present Native Uncommon
chuck-will's-widow Caprimulgus carolinensis Present Native Uncommon
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor Unconfirmed Native - -
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia Unconfirmed Native - -
Canada Ruffed Grouse, Partridge, Ruffed Grouse, Timber Grouse Bonasa umbellus Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Loon, Greater Common Loon Gavia immer Present Native Uncommon
cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Present Native Uncommon
Common Raven, Northern Raven, Raven Corvus corax Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Lapland Longspur, Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus Unconfirmed Native - -
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present Native Common
Cliff Swallow, Eastern Cliff Swallow, Eave Swallow, Northern Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Present Native Uncommon
common grackle Quiscalus quiscula Present Native Common
Carolina Chickadee Poecile carolinensis Present Native Common
cerulean warbler Dendroica cerulea Present Native Uncommon
chestnut-sided warbler Dendroica pensylvanica Present Native Uncommon
cape may warbler Dendroica tigrina Present Native Rare
common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Present Native Uncommon
connecticut warbler Oporornis agilis Unconfirmed Native - -
canada warbler Wilsonia canadensis Unconfirmed Native - -
carolina wren Thryothorus ludovicianus Present Native Common
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Dickcissel Spiza americana Unconfirmed Native - -
dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis Present Native Common
downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens Present Native Common
Double-crested Cormorant, Northern Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Solitary Sandpiper, Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Pigeon Hawk, Merlin, Pigeon Hawk Falco columbarius Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Lark Sparrow, Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Savannah Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Present Native Rare
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Present Native Common
Eastern Vesper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Unconfirmed Native - -
evening grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern meadowlark Sturnella magna Present Native Uncommon
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present Non-native Common
eastern bluebird Sialia sialis Present Native Common
eastern wood-pewee Contopus virens Present Native Uncommon
eastern phoebe Sayornis phoebe Present Native Common
eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Green Heron, Green heron, Green-backed Heron Butorides virescens Present Native Uncommon
eastern screech-owl Megascops asio Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri Unconfirmed Native - -
Fish crow Corvus ossifragus Unconfirmed Native - -
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca Present Native Uncommon
field sparrow Spizella pusilla Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca Unconfirmed Native - -
Gadwall Anas strepera Unconfirmed Native - -
Greater Yellowlegs, Greater Yellow-legs Tringa melanoleuca Unconfirmed Native - -
grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum Present Native Uncommon
gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis Present Native Uncommon
golden-winged warbler Vermivora chrysoptera Unconfirmed Native - -
golden-crowned kinglet Regulus satrapa Present Native Common
gray-cheeked thrush Catharus minimus Unconfirmed Native - -
great crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Present Native Uncommon
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present Native Rare
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus Unconfirmed Native - -
horned lark Eremophila alpestris Unconfirmed Native - -
Henslow's sparrow Ammodramus henslowii Unconfirmed Native - -
house finch Carpodacus mexicanus Present Non-native Uncommon
hooded warbler Wilsonia citrina Present Native Uncommon
house sparrow Passer domesticus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
house wren Troglodytes aedon Present Native Uncommon
hermit thrush Catharus guttatus Present Native Uncommon
hairy woodpecker Picoides villosus Present Native Uncommon
Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Killdeer, Northern Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Present Native Uncommon
kentucky warbler Oporornis formosus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lesser Scaup, Lesser Scaup Duck Aythya affinis Unconfirmed Native - -
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla Unconfirmed Native - -
Lesser Yellowlegs, Lesser Yellow-legs Tringa flavipes Unconfirmed Native - -
Lincoln's Sparrow, Northern Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Unconfirmed Native - -
loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus Unconfirmed Native - -
Louisana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla Present Native Uncommon
Long-billed Marsh Wren, Marsh Wren, Prairie Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris Unconfirmed Native - -
least flycatcher Empidonax minimus Present Native Uncommon
Little Blue Heron, Northern Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea Unconfirmed Native - -
Least Bittern, Eastern Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Common
magnolia warbler Dendroica magnolia Present Native Common
mourning warbler Oporornis philadelphia Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Present Native Rare
Northern shoveler, Shoveller Anas clypeata Unconfirmed Native - -
Northern Ruddy Duck, Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Unconfirmed Native - -
northern bobwhite Colinus virginianus Present Native Uncommon
northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Present Native Common
northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Present Native Uncommon
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Present Native Uncommon
northern parula Parula americana Present Native Uncommon
Northern Waterthrush, Northern Water-Thrush Seiurus noveboracensis Present Native Uncommon
nashville warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Unconfirmed Native - -
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present Native Uncommon
Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus Unconfirmed Native - -
Northern Short-eared Owl, Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
osprey Pandion haliaetus Unconfirmed Native - -
orchard oriole Icterus spurius Present Native Uncommon
ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla Present Native Uncommon
orange-crowned warbler Vermivora celata Unconfirmed Native - -
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos Unconfirmed Native - -
Passenger Pigeon Ectopistes migratorius Not In Park Native - -
Pine siskin Carduelis pinus Unconfirmed Native - -
purple finch Carpodacus purpureus Present Native Uncommon
purple martin Progne subis Present Native Uncommon
prairie warbler Dendroica discolor Present Native Uncommon
palm warbler Dendroica palmarum Present Native Uncommon
pine warbler Dendroica pinus Present Native Common
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea Unconfirmed Native - -
Philadelphia vireo Vireo philadelphicus Present Native Rare
Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus Present Native Uncommon
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present Native Uncommon
red-shouldered hawk Buteo lineatus Present Native Uncommon
Redhead Aythya americana Unconfirmed Native - -
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Unconfirmed Native - -
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator Unconfirmed Native - -
ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris Present Native Uncommon
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Present Native Uncommon
rock dove Columba livia Unconfirmed Non-native - -
rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus Present Native Uncommon
Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra Unconfirmed Native - -
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Uncommon
rusty blackbird Euphagus carolinus Unconfirmed Native - -
ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula Present Native Common
red-breasted nuthatch Sitta canadensis Present Native Rare
red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus Present Native Uncommon
red-bellied woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus Present Native Uncommon
red-headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sharp-shinned hawk Accipiter striatus Present Native Uncommon
spotted sandpiper Actitis macularius Unconfirmed Native - -
Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis Present Native Rare
Sora Rail, Sora Porzana carolina Unconfirmed Native - -
swamp sparrow Melospiza georgiana Present Native Uncommon
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Present Native Uncommon
Swainson's warbler Limnothlypis swainsonii Unconfirmed Native - -
scarlet tanager Piranga olivacea Present Native Common
summer tanager Piranga rubra Present Native Common
Sedge Wren, Short-billed Marsh Wren, Short-billed Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis Unconfirmed Native - -
swainson's thrush Catharus ustulatus Present Native Rare
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus Unconfirmed Native - -
Snowy Egret Egretta thula Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Common
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Unconfirmed Native - -
tufted titmouse Baeolophus bicolor Present Native Common
tennessee warbler Vermivora peregrina Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
veery Catharus fuscescens Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Wood Duck Aix sponsa Present Native Uncommon
whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus Present Native Common
Wilson's snipe Gallinago delicata Unconfirmed Native - -
Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo Present Native Uncommon
Whooping Crane Grus americana Unconfirmed Native - -
white-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Present Native Common
white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Present Native Rare
worm-eating warbler Helmitheros vermivorum Present Native Uncommon
wilson's warbler Wilsonia pusilla Unconfirmed Native - -
white-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Present Native Uncommon
winter wren Troglodytes troglodytes Present Native Uncommon
wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina Present Native Common
willow flycatcher Empidonax traillii Unconfirmed Native - -
warbling vireo Vireo gilvus Unconfirmed Native - -
white-eyed vireo Vireo griseus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Present Native Common
yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata Present Native Common
yellow-throated warbler Dendroica dominica Present Native Common
yellow warbler Dendroica petechia Present Native Uncommon
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens Present Native Uncommon
yellow-bellied flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris Unconfirmed Native - -
yellow-throated vireo Vireo flavifrons Present Native Uncommon
Yellow-crowned Night Heron, Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea Unconfirmed Native - -
yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Present Native Uncommon

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
black racer Coluber constrictor Probably Present Native - -
black rat snake Elaphe spiloides Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Corn Snake, Cornsnake Elaphe guttata Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Kingsnake Lampropeltis getula Present Native Unknown
copperhead Agkistrodon contortrix Present Native Unknown
common snapping turtle Chelydra serpentina Unconfirmed Native - -
common musk turtle Sternotherus odoratus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis Present Native Unknown
eastern fence lizard Sceloporus undulatus Present Native Unknown
eastern box turtle Terrapene carolina Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
five-lined skink Eumeces fasciatus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
ground skink Scincella lateralis Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern water snake Nerodia sipedon Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ouachita Map Turtle Graptemys ouachitensis Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pine Snake, Pinesnake Pituophis melanoleucus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
ringneck snake Diadophis punctatus Present Native Unknown
Red-eared Slider Trachemys scripta Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Smooth Earth Snake, Smooth Earthsnake Virginia valeriae Present Native Unknown
spiny softshell turtle Apalone spinifera Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
timber rattlesnake Crotalus horridus Present Native Unknown
TURTLE, MUD, EASTERN Kinosternon subrubrum Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
worm snake Carphophis amoenus Present Native Unknown
Western Coachwhip Masticophis flagellum Unconfirmed Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American toad Bufo americanus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
barking treefrog Hyla gratiosa Present Native Unknown
bullfrog Rana catesbeiana Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Cope's gray treefrog Hyla chrysoscelis Present Native Unknown
cave salamander Eurycea lucifuga Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern narrowmouth toad Gastrophryne carolinensis Present Native Unknown
eastern spadefoot Scaphiopus holbrookii Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fowler's toad Bufo fowleri Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
green frog Rana clamitans Present Native Unknown
GREEN SALAMANDER Aneides aeneus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
longtail salamander Eurycea longicauda Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
MOUNTAIN CHORUS FROG Pseudacris brachyphona Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern zigzag salamander Plethodon dorsalis Present Native Unknown
northern slimy salamander Plethodon glutinosus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pickerel frog Rana palustris Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-spotted newt Notophthalmus viridescens Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
spring peeper Pseudacris crucifer Present Native Unknown
southern leopard frog Rana sphenocephala Present Native Unknown
SEAL SALAMANDER Desmognathus monticola Unconfirmed Native - -
southern two-lined salamander Eurycea cirrigera Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Tennessee cave salamander Gyrinophilus palleucus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
upland chorus frog Pseudacris feriarum Present Native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus Probably Present Unknown - -
BANDED SCULPIN Cottus carolinae Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
largescale stoneroller Campostoma oligolepis Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
SOUTHERN CAVEFISH Typhlichthys subterraneus Probably Present Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
western blacknose dace Rhinichthys obtusus Present Unknown Uncommon

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Angelica Angelica triquinata Present Native Unknown
American ginseng Panax quinquefolius Present Native Unknown
American holly Ilex opaca var. opaca Present Native Unknown
Adam's needle Yucca filamentosa Unconfirmed Native - -
autumn coralroot Corallorrhiza odontorhiza Present Native Unknown
annual ragweed, common ragweed, ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia var. paniculata Present Native Unknown
aster Aster - - - - - -
American burnweed Erechtites hieraciifolia var. hieraciifolia Present Native Unknown
Atlantic goldenrod Solidago arguta Present Native Unknown
anisescented goldenrod Solidago odora var. odora Present Native Unknown
American bellflower Campanulastrum americanum Present Native Unknown
alligator weed, alligatorweed, pig weed Alternanthera philoxeroides Unconfirmed Non-native - -
American pokeweed, common pokeweed, inkberry, pigeonberry, poke, pokeberry, pokeweed Phytolacca americana Present Native Unknown
American bittersweet Celastrus scandens Present Native Unknown
Asiatic dayflower Commelina communis Present Non-native Unknown
ashy hydrangea Hydrangea cinerea Present Native Unknown
American bladdernut Staphylea trifolia Present Native Unknown
air potato Dioscorea oppositifolia Present Non-native Unknown
American snowbell, snowbell Styrax americanus Unconfirmed Native - -
American hogpeanut Amphicarpaea bracteata Present Native Unknown
Atlantic pigeonwings, butterfly-pea, pigeonwings Clitoria mariana Present Native Unknown
arrowleaf clover Trifolium vesiculosum Unconfirmed Non-native - -
American hornbeam Carpinus caroliniana Present Native Unknown
American chestnut Castanea dentata Present Native Unknown
Allegheny Chinquapin Castanea pumila Unconfirmed Native - -
American beech Fagus grandifolia Present Native Unknown
American columbo Frasera caroliniensis Unconfirmed Native - -
Appalachian bristle fern Trichomanes boschianum Unconfirmed Native - -
American waterwillow Justicia americana Unconfirmed Native - -
American beautyberry Callicarpa americana Present Native Unknown
American Germander Teucrium canadense Present Native Unknown
ash Fraxinus - - - - - -
American squawroot Conopholis americana Present Native Unknown
American lopseed Phryma leptostachya Present Native Unknown
a turtlehead Chelone - - - - - -
Appalachian bunchflower Melanthium parviflorum Unconfirmed Native - -
American dog violet Viola conspersa Present Native Unknown
arrowleaf violet, arrow-leaved violet Viola sagittata Unconfirmed Native - -
American basswood Tilia americana Present Native Unknown
American basswood Tilia americana var. heterophylla Present Native Unknown
Awl Sedge Carex stipata Unconfirmed Native - -
American beakgrain Diarrhena americana Present Native Unknown
Alabama lipfern Cheilanthes alabamensis Unconfirmed Native - -
asplenium ladyfern Athyrium filix-femina ssp. asplenioides Present Native Unknown
American lotus, lotus Nelumbo lutea Unconfirmed Native - -
American sycamore Platanus occidentalis Present Native Unknown
Alabama supplejack Berchemia scandens Present Native Unknown
Alabama snow-wreath Neviusia alabamensis Unconfirmed Native - -
American plum Prunus americana Unconfirmed Native - -
American elm Ulmus americana Present Native Unknown
American smoketree Cotinus obovatus Present Native Unknown
ash-leaf maple, boxelder Acer negundo var. negundo Present Native Unknown
Appalachian false goat's beard Astilbe biternata Present Native Unknown
American alumroot Heuchera americana var. americana Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
burhead, creeping burhead, creeping burrhead Echinodorus cordifolius Unconfirmed Native - -
Brazilian water-weed Egeria densa Unconfirmed Non-native - -
broad waterweed, Canada waterweed, Canadian waterweed Elodea canadensis Unconfirmed Native - -
brittle waternymph Najas minor Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Bigleaf Pondweed Potamogeton amplifolius Unconfirmed Native - -
baby pondweed, small pondweed Potamogeton pusillus Unconfirmed Native - -
blackberry lily Belamcanda chinensis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
bearded beggarticks Bidens aristosa Present Native Unknown
Beggar Ticks, Stick-tight Bidens frondosa Present Native Unknown
blue mistflower Conoclinium coelestinum Unconfirmed Native - -
Blazing Star Liatris microcephala Unconfirmed Native - -
butterweed Packera glabella Present Native Unknown
balsam groundsel Packera paupercula Present Native Unknown
blackeyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta Present Native Unknown
bouncingbet Saponaria officinalis Present Non-native Unknown
bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort Tradescantia ohiensis Present Native Unknown
blackgum Nyssa sylvatica Present Native Unknown
BUR CUCUMBER, oneseed burr cucumber Sicyos angulatus Unconfirmed Native - -
blackhaw Viburnum prunifolium Unconfirmed Native - -
beaked cornsalad Valerianella radiata Present Native Unknown
beetleweed Galax urceolata Unconfirmed Native - -
blueberry Vaccinium fuscatum Unconfirmed Native - -
Blue Ridge blueberry Vaccinium pallidum Present Native Unknown
bigleaf snowbell Styrax grandifolius Unconfirmed Native - -
Black Medick Medicago lupulina Present Non-native Unknown
black locust Robinia pseudoacacia Present Native Unknown
black birch, sweet birch Betula lenta Unconfirmed Native - -
blackjack oak Quercus marilandica Present Native Unknown
black oak Quercus velutina Present Native Unknown
bitternut hickory Carya cordiformis Present Native Unknown
butternut Juglans cinerea Unconfirmed Native - -
black walnut Juglans nigra Present Native Unknown
butterfly milkweed Asclepias tuberosa Unconfirmed Native - -
blue fieldmadder Sherardia arvensis Present Non-native Unknown
branched foldwing Dicliptera brachiata Present Native Unknown
beefsteakplant Perilla frutescens var. frutescens Present Non-native Unknown
blue ash Fraxinus quadrangulata Present Native Unknown
beechdrops Epifagus virginiana Present Native Unknown
blackseed plantain Plantago rugelii var. rugelii Present Native Unknown
blue water speedwell, water speedwell Veronica anagallis-aquatica Unconfirmed Native - -
Brazilian vervain Verbena brasiliensis Present Non-native Unknown
bashful wakerobin Trillium catesbaei Present Native Unknown
bristly greenbrier Smilax tamnoides Present Native Unknown
black willow Salix nigra Unconfirmed Native - -
birdfoot violet Viola pedata Present Native Unknown
broadleaf enchanter's nightshade Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis Present Native Unknown
blue sedge Carex complanata Present Native Unknown
broad looseflower sedge Carex laxiflora Present Native Unknown
broad looseflower sedge Carex laxiflora var. laxiflora Present Native Unknown
black edge sedge Carex nigromarginata Unconfirmed Native - -
bent sedge Carex styloflexa Unconfirmed Native - -
Baldwin's flatsedge Cyperus croceus Present Native Unknown
blunt spike-rush Eleocharis obtusa Unconfirmed Native - -
bearded shorthusk Brachyelytrum erectum Present Native Unknown
Bromegrass Bromus tectorum Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon Present Non-native Unknown
Bosc's panicgrass Dichanthelium boscii Present Native Unknown
broadleaf rosette grass Dichanthelium latifolium Present Native Unknown
Barnyard Grass Echinochloa crus-galli Present Non-native Unknown
bigtop lovegrass Eragrostis hirsuta Present Native Unknown
bearded skeletongrass Gymnopogon ambiguus Unconfirmed Native - -
blackseed needlegrass, blackseed speargrass Piptochaetium avenaceum Present Native Unknown
broadleaf cattail Typha latifolia Unconfirmed Native - -
Bradley's spleewort Asplenium bradleyi Unconfirmed Native - -
blackstem spleenwort Asplenium resiliens Present Native Unknown
bracken fern Pteridium aquilinum Present Native Unknown
broad beechfern Phegopteris hexagonoptera Present Native Unknown
bulblet bladderfern Cystopteris bulbifera Present Native Unknown
bluntlobe cliff fern Woodsia obtusa Unconfirmed Native - -
blue cohosh Caulophyllum thalictroides Unconfirmed Native - -
Beale's Oregon grape Mahonia bealei Unconfirmed Non-native - -
bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis Present Native Unknown
bristly buttercup Ranunculus hispidus Unconfirmed Native - -
bristly buttercup Ranunculus hispidus var. hispidus Present Native Unknown
blisterwort Ranunculus recurvatus Present Native Unknown
Bowman's root Porteranthus trifoliatus Present Native Unknown
black cherry Prunus serotina var. serotina Present Native Unknown
black raspberry Rubus occidentalis Present Native Unknown
bastard toadflax Comandra umbellata ssp. umbellata Unconfirmed Native - -
Buffalo Nut, Oil-nut Pyrularia pubera Unconfirmed Native - -
boxelder Acer negundo Present Native Unknown
Boykinia Boykinia aconitifolia Unconfirmed Native - -
bush-clover dodder, field dodder, fiveangle dodder, fiveangled dodder Cuscuta pentagona var. pentagona Unconfirmed Native - -
bull nettle Solanum carolinense var. carolinense Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Arrrowhead Sagittaria latifolia Unconfirmed Native - -
common duckweed, least duckweed, lesser duckweed Lemna minor Unconfirmed Native - -
common duckmeat, common duckweed, greater duckweed Spirodela polyrrhiza Unconfirmed Native - -
common waternymph, Guadalupe waternymph, southern naiad, southern waternymph Najas guadalupensis Unconfirmed Native - -
curly pondweed Potamogeton crispus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
chervil Chaerophyllum tainturieri Present Native Unknown
Canadian honewort Cryptotaenia canadensis Present Native Unknown
Canadian licorice-root Ligusticum canadense Present Native Unknown
Clayton's sweetroot Osmorhiza claytonii Present Native Unknown
Canadian blacksnakeroot Sanicula canadensis var. canadensis Present Native Unknown
clustered blacksnakeroot Sanicula odorata Unconfirmed Native - -
Canada garlic, meadow garlic Allium canadense var. canadense Present Native Unknown
common goldstar Hypoxis hirsuta Present Native Unknown
Common Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium angustifolium Present Native Unknown
coralroot Corallorrhiza wisteriana Present Native Unknown
Common Lady's Slipper, Moccasin Flower Cypripedium acaule Present Native Unknown
crippled cranefly Tipularia discolor Present Native Unknown
common yarrow Achillea millefolium Present Non-native Unknown
Canadian horseweed Conyza canadensis var. canadensis Present Native Unknown
Carolina elephantsfoot Elephantopus carolinianus Present Native Unknown
Canada lettuce Lactuca canadensis Present Native Unknown
Canada Goldenrod Solidago canadensis Present Native Unknown
Canada goldenrod Solidago canadensis var. canadensis Present Native Unknown
common blue wood aster Symphyotrichum cordifolium Present Native Unknown
calico aster Symphyotrichum lateriflorum Present Native Unknown
common dandelion Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale Present Non-native Unknown
Cardinal Flower Lobelia cardinalis Present Native Unknown
clasping Venus' lookingglass, clasping Venus' looking-glass, small Venus' looking-glass Triodanis perfoliata var. biflora Present Native Unknown
cutleaf toothwort Cardamine concatenata Present Native Unknown
common chickweed Stellaria media ssp. media Present Non-native Unknown
Carpetweed Mollugo verticillata Unconfirmed Native - -
climbing false-buckwheat Polygonum scandens Present Native Unknown
common hornwort, coon's tail, coon's-tail, coontail, hornwort Ceratophyllum demersum Unconfirmed Native - -
common elderberry Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis Present Native Unknown
coralberry Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Present Native Unknown
common persimmon Diospyros virginiana Present Native Unknown
catawba rhododendron Rhododendron catawbiense Unconfirmed Native - -
Carolina silverbell Halesia carolina Unconfirmed Native - -
Chinese lespedeza Lespedeza cuneata Present Non-native Unknown
creeping lespedeza Lespedeza repens Present Native Unknown
Carolina vetch Vicia caroliniana Present Native Unknown
Curtiss' milkwort Polygala curtissii Unconfirmed Native - -
chinkapin oak Quercus muehlenbergii Present Native Unknown
cherrybark oak, Texas oak Quercus pagoda Unconfirmed Native - -
chestnut oak Quercus prinus Present Native Unknown
Common Milkweed Asclepias syriaca Present Native Unknown
common periwinkle Vinca minor Present Non-native Unknown
Carolina jessamine, evening trumpetflower Gelsemium sempervirens Unconfirmed Native - -
common buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Unconfirmed Native - -
Carolina geranium Geranium carolinianum var. carolinianum Present Native Unknown
Carolina wild petunia Ruellia caroliniensis Present Native Unknown
cross vine, crossvine Bignonia capreolata Present Native Unknown
common bugle Ajuga reptans Present Non-native Unknown
Clingman's hedgenettle Stachys clingmanii Unconfirmed Native - -
Chinese privet Ligustrum sinense Present Non-native Unknown
Common Privet Ligustrum vulgare Present Non-native Unknown
combleaf yellow false foxglove Aureolaria pectinata Unconfirmed Native - -
Canadian lousewort Pedicularis canadensis ssp. canadensis Present Native Unknown
clammy hedgehyssop, clammy hedge-hyssop, drug hedgehyssop, hedge hyssop, neglected hedgehyssop Gratiola neglecta Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Plantain Plantago major Present Native Unknown
Common Mullein Verbascum thapsus Present Non-native Unknown
Canada Lily Lilium canadense Present Native Unknown
Carolina lily Lilium michauxii Present Native Unknown
cat greenbrier Smilax glauca Present Native Unknown
cucumber-tree Magnolia acuminata Present Native Unknown
croton Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis Present Native Unknown
cedarglade St. Johnswort Hypericum frondosum Unconfirmed Native - -
coastal plain willow Salix caroliniana Unconfirmed Native - -
common blue violet Viola sororia Present Native Unknown
Cut-leaved Evening Primrose Oenothera laciniata Present Native Unknown
cutleaf grapefern Botrychium dissectum Present Native Unknown
Cinnamon Fern Osmunda cinnamomea Unconfirmed Native - -
cinnamon fern Osmunda cinnamomea var. cinnamomea Present Native Unknown
common yellow oxalis Oxalis stricta Present Native Unknown
common dutchman's pipe, woolly dutchman's pipe Aristolochia tomentosa Unconfirmed Native - -
Canadian wildginger Asarum canadense Unconfirmed Native - -
carex, sedge, sedge species, sedges Carex - - - - - -
Cherokee sedge Carex cherokeensis Unconfirmed Native - -
coastal plain sedge, coastalplain sedge Carex crebriflora Unconfirmed Native - -
common fox sedge Carex vulpinoidea Present Native Unknown
clustered beakrush Rhynchospora glomerata Unconfirmed Native - -
cypress panicgrass Dichanthelium dichotomum Present Native Unknown
cypress panicgrass Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum Present Native Unknown
creeping mannagrass Glyceria acutiflora Unconfirmed Native - -
Christmas fern Polystichum acrostichoides var. acrostichoides Present Native Unknown
common maidenhair Adiantum capillus-veneris Unconfirmed Native - -
cupseed Calycocarpum lyonii Present Native Unknown
Carolina snailseed Cocculus carolinus Present Native Unknown
common moonseed Menispermum canadense Present Native Unknown
celandine poppy Stylophorum diphyllum Unconfirmed Native - -
Carolina larkspur Delphinium carolinianum Unconfirmed Native - -
Carolina bugbane Trautvetteria caroliniensis var. caroliniensis Unconfirmed Native - -
common hackberry Celtis occidentalis Unconfirmed Native - -
Carolina buckthorn Frangula caroliniana Present Native Unknown
Common Shadbush Amelanchier arborea Present Native Unknown
cream avens Geum virginianum Present Native Unknown
common cinquefoil Potentilla simplex Present Native Unknown
chokecherry, plum Prunus - - - - - -
Chickasaw plum Prunus angustifolia var. angustifolia Present Native Unknown
Carolina rose Rosa carolina var. carolina Unconfirmed Native - -
climbing rose Rosa setigera Unconfirmed Native - -
Canadian woodnettle Laportea canadensis Present Native Unknown
Canadian clearweed Pilea pumila var. pumila Present Native Unknown
compact dodder Cuscuta compacta Present Native Unknown
clammy groundcherry Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
delta arrowhead Sagittaria platyphylla Unconfirmed Native - -
devil's walkingstick Aralia spinosa Present Native Unknown
dwarf crested iris Iris cristata Present Native Unknown
downy rattlesnake plantain Goodyera pubescens Present Native Unknown
devil's grandmother Elephantopus tomentosus Present Native Unknown
downy lobelia Lobelia puberula Present Native Unknown
dotted smartweed Polygonum punctatum var. punctatum Present Native Unknown
deerberry Vaccinium stamineum Present Native Unknown
downy phlox Phlox pilosa Present Native Unknown
deepwoods horsebalm Collinsonia tuberosa Present Native - -
downy yellow false foxglove Aureolaria virginica Present Native Unknown
dwarf wakerobin Trillium pusillum Unconfirmed Native - -
dwarf St. Johnswort Hypericum mutilum Present Native Unknown
Dog Violet Viola labradorica Unconfirmed Native - -
densetuft hairsedge Bulbostylis capillaris ssp. capillaris Unconfirmed Native - -
deertongue Dichanthelium clandestinum Present Native Unknown
dallas grass, dallis grass, dallisgrass, herbe de miel, herbe sirop, hiku nua, palpalum dilate, water grass Paspalum dilatatum Present Non-native Unknown
dutchman's breeches Dicentra cucullaria Unconfirmed Native - -
devil's darning needles Clematis virginiana Present Native Unknown
dwarf hawthorn Crataegus uniflora Unconfirmed Native - -
Drummond's maple Acer rubrum var. drummondii Unconfirmed Native - -
ditch stonecrop, Virginia penthorum Penthorum sedoides Unconfirmed Native - -
Deadly Nightshade Solanum dulcamara Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern purple coneflower Echinacea purpurea Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern daisy fleabane Erigeron annuus Present Native Unknown
early goldenrod Solidago juncea Present Native Unknown
erect goldenrod Solidago speciosa var. erecta Present Native Unknown
eastern silver aster Symphyotrichum concolor Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern wahoo Euonymus atropurpurea Present Native Unknown
eastern redcedar Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana Present Native Unknown
European chesnut Castanea sativa Unconfirmed Non-native - -
eastern gray beardtongue Penstemon canescens Present Native Unknown
eastern sweetshrub Calycanthus floridus Present Native Unknown
eastern sweetshrub Calycanthus floridus var. floridus Present Native Unknown
eastern featherbells Stenanthium gramineum Unconfirmed Native - -
Eyebane, Upright Spotted Spurge Chamaesyce maculata Present Native Unknown
eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides ssp. deltoides Present Native Unknown
eastern greenviolet Hybanthus concolor Present Native Unknown
Eastern Hemlock Tsuga canadensis Present Native Unknown
eastern narrowleaf sedge Carex amphibola Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern woodland sedge Carex blanda Present Native Unknown
eastern bottlebrush grass Elymus hystrix var. hystrix Present Native Unknown
early bluegrass Poa cuspidata Present Native Unknown
ebony spleenwort Asplenium platyneuron Present Native Unknown
Evergreen Wood Fern Dryopteris intermedia Unconfirmed Native - -
early woodbuttercup Ranunculus abortivus Present Native Unknown
early buttercup Ranunculus fascicularis Unconfirmed Native - -
early meadow-rue Thalictrum dioicum Present Native Unknown
European smoketree Cotinus coggygria Present Non-native Unknown
eastern poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans ssp. radicans Present Native Unknown
eastern prickly gooseberry Ribes cynosbati Unconfirmed Native - -
Eurasian watermilfoil, Eurasian water-milfoil, spike watermilfoil, spiked water milfoil Myriophyllum spicatum Unconfirmed Non-native - -
early saxifrage Saxifraga virginiensis Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
feathery false lily of the vally Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum Present Native Unknown
false aloe Manfreda virginica Unconfirmed Native - -
false daisy Eclipta prostrata Unconfirmed Native - -
flaxleaf whitetop aster, savoryleaf aster Ionactis linariifolius Present Native Unknown
florida lettuce Lactuca floridana Present Native Unknown
Fragrant everlasting Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium Present Native Unknown
False dandelion Pyrrhopappus carolinianus Present Native Unknown
Forget-me-not Myosotis arvensis Present Non-native Unknown
fernleaf phacelia Phacelia bipinnatifida Present Native Unknown
forkleaf toothwort Cardamine dissecta Present Native Unknown
fire pink Silene virginica Present Native Unknown
fiddle dock Rumex pulcher Present Non-native Unknown
flowering dogwood Cornus florida Present Native Unknown
fourleaf yam Dioscorea quaternata Present Native Unknown
flame azalea Rhododendron calendulaceum Present Native Unknown
farkleberry Vaccinium arboreum Present Native Unknown
fewflower ticktrefoil, fewflowered tickclover Desmodium pauciflorum Present Native Unknown
field clover Trifolium campestre Present Non-native Unknown
fourleaf milkweed Asclepias quadrifolia Present Native Unknown
fragrant bedstraw Galium triflorum Present Native Unknown
False Pimpernel Lindernia dubia Unconfirmed Native - -
fringetree Chionanthus virginicus Unconfirmed Native - -
fernleaf yellow false foxglove Aureolaria pedicularia Present Native Unknown
Florida hedgehyssop Gratiola floridana Unconfirmed Native - -
frog fruit, lanceleaf fogfruit, lanceleaf frog fruit, lanceleaf frogfruit, northern fogfruit Phyla lanceolata Unconfirmed Native - -
flypoison Amianthium muscitoxicum Unconfirmed Native - -
fairywand Chamaelirium luteum Present Native Unknown
fan clubmoss Lycopodium digitatum Unconfirmed Native - -
Flat-branch Groundpine Lycopodium obscurum Unconfirmed Native - -
flowering spurge Euphorbia corollata Present Native Unknown
Flax Linum virginianum Present Native Unknown
field pansy Viola bicolor Present Native Unknown
fringed sedge Carex crinita var. brevicrinis Unconfirmed Native - -
fescue sedge Carex festucacea Unconfirmed Native - -
Frank's sedge Carex frankii Present Native Unknown
field rush Juncus tenuis Present Native Unknown
fescue Festuca - - - - - -
fowl mannagrass Glyceria striata Unconfirmed Native - -
flatwood plum, hog plum Prunus umbellata Unconfirmed Native - -
Florida maple, hammock maple, southern sugar maple Acer barbatum Unconfirmed Native - -
frost grape Vitis vulpina Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
green dragon Arisaema dracontium Present Native Unknown
Georgia holly Ilex ambigua Present Native Unknown
Green Fringed Orchis Platanthera lacera Unconfirmed Native - -
giant ragweed Ambrosia trifida var. trifida Present Native Unknown
greater tickseed Coreopsis major Present Native Unknown
garden cosmos Cosmos bipinnatus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
goldenweed, slender scratchdaisy Croptilon divaricatum Unconfirmed Native - -
golden ragwort Packera aurea Unconfirmed Native - -
goldenrod Solidago - - - - - -
giant goldenrod Solidago gigantea Present Native Unknown
gravelweed Verbesina helianthoides Present Native Unknown
giant ironweed Vernonia gigantea ssp. gigantea Present Native Unknown
great blue lobelia Lobelia siphilitica var. siphilitica Unconfirmed Native - -
great waterleaf Hydrophyllum appendiculatum Unconfirmed Native - -
Green Amaranth, Pigweed Amaranthus hybridus Present Native Unknown
Green Amaranth, Pigweed Amaranthus retroflexus Present Native Unknown
garden sorrel Rumex acetosa Present Non-native Unknown
ground ivy Glechoma hederacea Present Non-native Unknown
Guyandotte beauty Synandra hispidula Unconfirmed Native - -
great yellow wood-sorrel Oxalis grandis Unconfirmed Native - -
greenwhite sedge Carex albolutescens Unconfirmed Native - -
giant sedge Carex gigantea Unconfirmed Native - -
Gray's sedge Carex grayi Unconfirmed Native - -
globe flatsedge Cyperus echinatus Present Native Unknown
grass-leaved rush Juncus marginatus Unconfirmed Native - -
Giant Cane Arundinaria gigantea Present Native Unknown
green bristlegrass Setaria viridis var. viridis Present Non-native Unknown
giant cutgrass Zizaniopsis miliacea Unconfirmed Native - -
glade fern Diplazium pycnocarpon Unconfirmed Native - -
goldenseal Hydrastis canadensis Present Native Unknown
granite gooseberry Ribes curvatum Unconfirmed Native - -
graybark grape Vitis cinerea Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Horned Pondweed Zannichellia palustris Unconfirmed Native - -
hairy angelica, venous angelica Angelica venenosa Present Native Unknown
HARPERELLA Ptilimnium nodosum Unconfirmed Native - -
heartleaf alexanders, heart-leaf alexanders, meadow zizia, meadowparsnip Zizia aptera Unconfirmed Native - -
hyssopleaf thoroughwort Eupatorium hyssopifolium Present Native Unknown
hairy sunflower Helianthus hirsutus Present Native Unknown
hawkweed Hieracium - - - - - -
hairy leafcup Smallanthus uvedalius Present Native Uncommon
Hairy Goldenrod Solidago hispida Present Native Unknown
hairy white oldfield aster Symphyotrichum pilosum var. pilosum Present Native Unknown
hairy bittercress Cardamine hirsuta Present Non-native Unknown
Hedge Mustard Sisymbrium officinale Present Non-native Unknown
he-huckleberry, maleberry, seedy-buckberry Lyonia ligustrina Unconfirmed Native - -
Highbush Blueberry Vaccinium corymbosum Present Native Unknown
hairy phlox Phlox amoena ssp. amoena Present Native Unknown
hoary ticktrefoil Desmodium canescens Present Native Unknown
honeylocust Gleditsia triacanthos Unconfirmed Native - -
hairy lespedeza Lespedeza hirta Present Native Unknown
hophornbeam Ostrya virginiana Present Native Unknown
harvestbells Gentiana saponaria var. saponaria Unconfirmed Native - -
hornpod Mitreola petiolata Unconfirmed Native - -
hairy bedstraw Galium pilosum Present Native Unknown
henbit deadnettle Lamium amplexicaule Present Non-native Unknown
hoary mountainmint Pycnanthemum incanum var. puberulum Present Native Unknown
Hairy skullcap Scutellaria elliptica Present Native Unknown
hairy skullcap Scutellaria elliptica var. hirsuta Present Native Unknown
heart-leaved skullcap Scutellaria ovata Present Native Unknown
heartleaf skullcap Scutellaria ovata ssp. ovata Present Native Unknown
hairy beardtongue Penstemon hirsutus Present Native Unknown
Huger's carrionflower Smilax hugeri Present Native Unknown
heartleaf noseburn Tragia cordata Present Native Unknown
halberd-leaved yellow violet Viola hastata Unconfirmed Native - -
HALBERD-LEAVED ROSE MALLOW Hibiscus laevis Unconfirmed Native - -
Hop Sedge Carex lupulina Unconfirmed Native - -
hedgehog woodrush Luzula echinata Present Native Unknown
hairy wood brome grass Bromus pubescens Present Native Unknown
Hay-scented Fern Dennstaedtia punctilobula Unconfirmed Native - -
hairy lip-fern Cheilanthes lanosa Unconfirmed Native - -
Heavenly bamboo Nandina domestica Unconfirmed Non-native - -
hawthorns Crataegus - - - - - -
Hawthorn Crataegus crus-galli Unconfirmed Native - -
heartleaf foamflower Tiarella cordifolia Present Native Unknown
Hartford fern Lygodium palmatum Unconfirmed Native - -
hedge false bindweed Calystegia sepium Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ironweed Vernonia glauca Unconfirmed Native - -
Indian-tobacco Lobelia inflata Present Native Unknown
Indian pipe Monotropa uniflora Present Native Unknown
Indian Pink Spigelia marilandica Present Native Unknown
Indian paintbrush Castilleja coccinea Unconfirmed Native - -
ivyleaf speedwell Veronica hederifolia Present Non-native Unknown
Indian cucumber Medeola virginiana Unconfirmed Native - -
inland sedge Carex interior Present Native Unknown
Indian woodoats Chasmanthium latifolium Present Native Unknown
Indian goosegrass Eleusine indica Present Non-native Unknown
Indiangrass, yellow indian-grass Sorghastrum nutans Unconfirmed Native - -
Indian strawberry Duchesnea indica Present Non-native Unknown
Indian physic Porteranthus stipulatus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Jack in the pulpit Arisaema triphyllum Present Native Unknown
jumpseed Polygonum virginianum Present Native Unknown
Japanese honeysuckle Lonicera japonica Present Non-native Unknown
jewelweed Impatiens capensis Present Native Unknown
Japanese clover Kummerowia striata Present Non-native Unknown
Japanese Lespedeza Lespedeza bicolor Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Java-bean, sicklepod Senna obtusifolia Present Native Unknown
Japanese privet Ligustrum japonicum Present Non-native Unknown
juniper-leaf Polypremum procumbens Unconfirmed Native - -
James' sedge Carex jamesii Unconfirmed Native - -
Jamestown weed, jimsonweed, mad apple, moonflower, stinkwort, thorn apple Datura stramonium Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
king Solomon's seal Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum Present Native Unknown
Kentucky lady's slipper, southern lady's slipper Cypripedium kentuckiense Unconfirmed Native - -
kidneyleaf grass of Parnassus Parnassia asarifolia Unconfirmed Native - -
kidneyleaf mudplantain Heteranthera reniformis Unconfirmed Native - -
Kentucky yellowwood, yellowwood Cladrastis kentukea Unconfirmed Native - -
Kudzu Pueraria montana var. lobata Present Non-native Unknown
keeled bulrush Isolepis carinata Unconfirmed Native - -
Kentucky bluegrass Poa pratensis Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
little duckweed Lemna obscura Unconfirmed Native - -
leafy pondweed Potamogeton foliosus Unconfirmed Native - -
longleaf pondweed Potamogeton nodosus Unconfirmed Native - -
longstyle sweetroot Osmorhiza longistylis Unconfirmed Native - -
Large Yellow Lady's-slipper Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens Present Native Unknown
Large whorled pogonia Isotria verticillata Unconfirmed Native - -
little ladiestresses, little ladies'-tresses, little lady's tresses Spiranthes tuberosa Unconfirmed Native - -
lance coreopsis, lanceleaf tickseed Coreopsis lanceolata Unconfirmed Native - -
lateflowering thoroughwort Eupatorium serotinum Present Native Unknown
late purple aster Symphyotrichum patens Present Native Unknown
late purple aster Symphyotrichum patens var. patens Present Native Unknown
Lamb's Quarters, Pigweed Chenopodium album Present Non-native Unknown
lady's-thumb Polygonum persicaria Present Non-native Unknown
Lewiston cornsalad Valerianella locusta Present Non-native Unknown
large-leaved phlox Phlox amplifolia Present Native Unknown
littleleaf sensitive-briar, sensitive brier Mimosa microphylla Present Native Unknown
licorice bedstraw Galium circaezans Present Native Unknown
lyreleaf sage Salvia lyrata Present Native Unknown
largeflower bellwort Uvularia grandiflora Present Native Unknown
little sweet Betsy Trillium cuneatum Present Native Unknown
lowland rotala Rotala ramosior Unconfirmed Native - -
Long-tag pine, Shortleaf pine, Yellow pine Pinus echinata Present Native Unknown
longleaf pine Pinus palustris Present Native Unknown
Loblolly pine Pinus taeda Present Native Unknown
littlebrownjug Hexastylis arifolia Present Native Unknown
largeflower heartleaf Hexastylis shuttleworthii Unconfirmed Native - -
lizard's tail Saururus cernuus Unconfirmed Native - -