San Antonio Missions National Historical Park

Rank: 111

Park Description

After 10,000 years, the people of South Texas found their cultures, their very lives under attack. In the early 1700s Apache raided from the north, deadly diseases traveled from Mexico, and drought lingered. Survival lay in the missions. By entering a mission, they foreswore their traditional life to become Spanish, accepting a new religion and pledging fealty to a distant and unseen king.

Park Address

San Antonio Missions National Historical Park 2202 Roosevelt Avenue

San Antonio, TX, 78210


Species in San Antonio Missions National Historical Park by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in San Antonio Missions National Historical Park. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.



 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bobcat Lynx rufus Present Native Uncommon
Brazilian Free-tailed Bat Tadarida brasiliensis Present Native Unknown
black-tailed jack rabbit, Black-tailed Jackrabbit Lepus californicus Present Native Common
Black Rat Rattus rattus Present Non-native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
coyote Canis latrans Present Native Uncommon
common gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus Present Native Uncommon
cave myotis Myotis velifer Probably Present Native - -
Crawford's Gray Shrew, Desert Shrew, gray shrew Notiosorex crawfordi Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
domestic cat, house cat Felis silvestris Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Spotted Skunk, spotted skunk Spilogale putorius Probably Present Native - -
eastern red bat Lasiurus borealis Present Native Unknown
evening bat Nycticeius humeralis Present Native Unknown
Eastern Pipistrelle, Northern Georgian Bat Pipistrellus subflavus Probably Present Native - -
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Present Native Uncommon
eastern woodrat Neotoma floridana Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern fox squirrel Sciurus niger Present Native Abundant
eastern mole Scalopus aquaticus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Feral Pig Sus scrofa Present Non-native Rare
Fulvous Harvest Mouse Reithrodontomys fulvescens Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus Present Native Unknown
hispid pocket mouse Chaetodipus hispidus Present Native Uncommon
house mouse Mus musculus Present Non-native Rare
hispid cotton rat Sigmodon hispidus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Javelina Pecari tajacu Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata Probably Present Native - -
long-nosed armadillo, Nine-banded Armadillo Dasypus novemcinctus Present Native Common
least shrew Cryptotis parva Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mexican Ground Squirrel Spermophilus mexicanus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
NORTHERN YELLOW BAT Lasiurus intermedius Present Native Unknown
Northern Pygmy Mouse Baiomys taylori Present Native Uncommon
Norway rat Rattus norvegicus Present Non-native Unknown
Nutria Myocastor coypus Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
orthern grasshopper mouse Onychomys leucogaster Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Plains pocket gopher Geomys bursarius Unconfirmed Native - -
prairie deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red fox Vulpes vulpes Unconfirmed Non-native - -
raccoon Procyon lotor Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Texas Pocket Gopher Geomys personatus Unconfirmed Native - -
thirteen-lined ground squirrel Spermophilus tridecemlineatus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Present Native Uncommon
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Present Native Uncommon

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Pintail, Northern Pintail, Pintail Anas acuta Present Native Rare
American Wigeon, Baldpate Anas americana Present Native Uncommon
American Golden Plover, American Golden-Plover, Eastern American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica Present Native Rare
American Herring Gull, Herring Gull Larus argentatus Present Native Occasional
American Avocet, Avocet Recurvirostra americana Present Native Rare
american woodcock Scolopax minor Present Native Rare
American Peregrine Falcon, Duck Hawk, Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Present Native Occasional
american kestrel Falco sparverius Present Native Common
American Coot, Northern American Coot Fulica americana Present Native Uncommon
american crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Present Native Common
american goldfinch Carduelis tristis Present Native Common
American Pipit, American Water Pipit, Water Pipit Anthus rubescens Present Native Common
american redstart Setophaga ruticilla Present Native Uncommon
american robin Turdus migratorius Present Native Uncommon
acadian flycatcher Empidonax virescens Present Native Rare
Ash-throated Flycatcher Myiarchus cinerascens Present Native Uncommon
Arkansas Kingbird, Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis Present Native Common
American Egret, Common Egret?, Great Egret Ardea alba Present Native Common
American White Pelican, White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Present Native Rare
American White Ibis, White Ibis Eudocimus albus Present Unknown Unknown
Anhinga Anhinga anhinga Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
broad-winged hawk Buteo platypterus Present Native Rare
black vulture Coragyps atratus Present Native Common
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Present Native Uncommon
Bufflehead, Buffle-head Bucephala albeola Present Native - -
Blue Goose, Snow Goose Chen caerulescens Present Native Rare
Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis Present Native Common
Black-chinned Hummingbird Archilochus alexandri Present Native Common
Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia Present Native Rare
Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus Present Native Rare
Bartramian Sandpiper, Upland Plover, Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda Present Native Uncommon
Belted Kingfisher, Eastern Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Present Native Common
Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea Present Native Uncommon
Brown Creeper Certhia americana Present Native Occasional
blue jay Cyanocitta cristata Present Native Common
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Common
Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus Present Native Rare
Bullock's Oriole Icterus bullockii Present Native Uncommon
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Present Native Uncommon
Bronzed Cowbird Molothrus aeneus Present Native Uncommon
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Native Common
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Present Native Rare
Black-crested Titmouse Baeolophus atricristatus Present Native Common
black-throated blue warbler Dendroica caerulescens Present Native Occasional
blackburnian warbler Dendroica fusca Present Native Rare
black-throated green warbler Dendroica virens Present Native Uncommon
black-and-white warbler Mniotilta varia Present Native Common
blue-gray gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Present Native Common
Bewick's Wren, Eastern Bewick's Wren Thryomanes bewickii Present Native Common
Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus Present Native Rare
Bell's Vireo Vireo bellii Present Native Rare
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius Present Native Uncommon
Black-crowned Night Heron, Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Present Native Common
barred owl Strix varia Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
cooper's hawk Accipiter cooperii Present Native Common
Common Mallard, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Present Native Common
Common White-fronted Goose, Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons Present Native Rare
Canada Goose, Eastern Canada Goose Branta canadensis Present Native Occasional
chimney swift Chaetura pelagica Present Native Common
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor Present Native Common
Common Poorwill Phalaenoptilus nuttallii Present Native Occasional
Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina Present Native Common
Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway Present Native Common
cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Present Native Common
Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida Present Native Uncommon
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present Native Uncommon
Cave Swallow Petrochelidon fulva Present Native Common
Cliff Swallow, Eastern Cliff Swallow, Eave Swallow, Northern Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Present Native Common
common grackle Quiscalus quiscula Present Native Common
Curve-billed Thrasher Toxostoma curvirostre Present Native Uncommon
Carolina Chickadee Poecile carolinensis Present Native Common
cerulean warbler Dendroica cerulea Present Native Occasional
chestnut-sided warbler Dendroica pensylvanica Present Native Uncommon
common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Present Native Uncommon
Common Oven-bird, Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapillus Present Native Uncommon
canada warbler Wilsonia canadensis Present Native Uncommon
Cactus Wren Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus Present Native Occasional
Canyon Wren Catherpes mexicanus Present Native Occasional
carolina wren Thryothorus ludovicianus Present Native Common
Couch's Kingbird Tyrannus couchii Present Native Uncommon
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Dickcissel Spiza americana Present Native Common
dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis Present Native Rare
downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens Present Native Rare
Double-crested Cormorant, Northern Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto Present Non-native Rare
Eastern Lark Sparrow, Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus Present Native Common
Eastern Savannah Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Present Native Common
Eastern Vesper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Present Native Common
eastern meadowlark Sturnella magna Present Native Common
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present Non-native Common
eastern bluebird Sialia sialis Present Native Uncommon
eastern wood-pewee Contopus virens Present Native Common
Empidonax Flycatchers Empidonax - - - - - -
eastern phoebe Sayornis phoebe Present Native Common
eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Green Heron, Green heron, Green-backed Heron Butorides virescens Present Native Common
Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Franklin's Gull Larus pipixcan Present Native Rare
Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri Present Native Rare
field sparrow Spizella pusilla Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca Present Native Common
Gadwall Anas strepera Present Native Common
Greater Yellowlegs, Greater Yellow-legs Tringa melanoleuca Present Native Common
Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana Present Native Uncommon
Greater Roadrunner Geococcyx californianus Present Native Uncommon
grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum Present Native Rare
Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus Present Native Abundant
gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis Present Native Rare
golden-crowned kinglet Regulus satrapa Present Native Rare
gray-cheeked thrush Catharus minimus Present Native Rare
great crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Present Native Common
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus Present Native Occasional
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present Native Common
Golden-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes aurifrons Present Native Common
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus Present Native Rare
house finch Carpodacus mexicanus Present Native Common
hooded warbler Wilsonia citrina Present Native Occasional
house sparrow Passer domesticus Present Non-native Common
house wren Troglodytes aedon Present Native Common
hermit thrush Catharus guttatus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Inca Dove Columbina inca Present Native Common
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Killdeer, Northern Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lesser Scaup, Lesser Scaup Duck Aythya affinis Present Native Uncommon
Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis Present Native Common
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla Present Native Common
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus Present Native Rare
Lesser Yellowlegs, Lesser Yellow-legs Tringa flavipes Present Native Uncommon
Lincoln's Sparrow, Northern Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Present Native Common
Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria Present Native Uncommon
loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus Present Native Common
Long-billed Thrasher Toxostoma longirostre Present Native Uncommon
Louisana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla Present Native Uncommon
least flycatcher Empidonax minimus Present Native Common
Little Blue Heron, Northern Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea Present Native Common
Ladder-backed Woodpecker Picoides scalaris Present Native Common
Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis Present Native Uncommon
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Common
magnolia warbler Dendroica magnolia Present Native Uncommon
mourning warbler Oporornis philadelphia Present Native Uncommon
Monk Parakeet Myiopsitta monachus Present Non-native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Present Native Uncommon
Northern shoveler, Shoveller Anas clypeata Present Native Uncommon
Northern Ruddy Duck, Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Present Native Occasional
northern bobwhite Colinus virginianus Present Native Uncommon
northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Present Native Abundant
northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Present Native Uncommon
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Present Native Common
Northern Waterthrush, Northern Water-Thrush Seiurus noveboracensis Present Native Uncommon
nashville warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Present Native Common
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present Native Uncommon
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
osprey Pandion haliaetus Present Native Common
Olive Sparrow Arremonops rufivirgatus Present Native Uncommon
orchard oriole Icterus spurius Present Native Uncommon
orange-crowned warbler Vermivora celata Present Native Common
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos Present Native Rare
Pyrrhuloxia Cardinalis sinuatus Present Native Uncommon
Painted Bunting Passerina ciris Present Native Common
purple martin Progne subis Present Native Common
pine warbler Dendroica pinus Present Unknown Unknown
Philadelphia vireo Vireo philadelphicus Present Native Uncommon
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present Native Common
red-shouldered hawk Buteo lineatus Present Native Common
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Present Native Uncommon
ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris Present Native Common
Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus Present Native Occasional
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Present Native Uncommon
rock dove Columba livia Present Non-native Common
Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquata Present Native Occasional
rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus Present Native Uncommon
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Common
ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula Present Native Common
red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus Present Native Uncommon
Roseate Spoonbill Ajaia ajaja Present Unknown Unknown
red-bellied woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sharp-shinned hawk Accipiter striatus Present Native Common
Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni Present Native Uncommon
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia Present Native Common
Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis Present Native Rare
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Present Native Uncommon
Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus Present Native Uncommon
Sprague's Pipit Anthus spragueii Present Unknown - -
scarlet tanager Piranga olivacea Present Native Rare
summer tanager Piranga rubra Present Native Rare
swainson's thrush Catharus ustulatus Present Native Uncommon
Say's Phoebe Sayornis saya Present Native Rare
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus Present Native Common
Snowy Egret Egretta thula Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Common
Tundra Swan, Whistling Swan Cygnus columbianus Present Native Occasional
tufted titmouse Baeolophus bicolor Not In Park Unknown - -
tennessee warbler Vermivora peregrina Present Native Uncommon
Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Verdin Auriparus flaviceps Present Native Uncommon
Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Wood Duck Aix sponsa Present Native Uncommon
whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus Present Native - -
Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri Present Native Rare
Wilson's Snipe Gallinago delicata Present Native Uncommon
Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor Present Native Occasional
White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi Present Unknown Unknown
White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica Present Native Abundant
Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo Present Native Common
white-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Present Native Common
white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Present Native Common
Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta Present Native Uncommon
wilson's warbler Wilsonia pusilla Present Native Common
Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana Present Native Occasional
winter wren Troglodytes troglodytes Present Native Rare
willow flycatcher Empidonax traillii Present Native Uncommon
white-eyed vireo Vireo griseus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Present Native Common
yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata Present Native Common
yellow warbler Dendroica petechia Present Native Common
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens Present Native Uncommon
yellow-bellied flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris Present Native Rare
yellow-throated vireo Vireo flavifrons Present Native Occasional
Yellow-crowned Night Heron, Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea Present Native Common
yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Present Native Rare

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Blotched Watersnake Nerodia erythrogaster Present - - - -
Blotched Water Snake Nerodia erythrogaster transversa Present Native Uncommon
Berlandier's Tortoise Gopherus berlandieri Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Central Texas Whipsnake Masticophis taeniatus Present - - - -
Checkered Garter Snake Thamnophis marcianus marcianus Present Native Common
Cottonmouth Agkistrodon piscivorus Present Native - -
common snapping turtle Chelydra serpentina Present Native Common
common musk turtle Sternotherus odoratus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Desert Kingsnake Lampropeltis getula splendida Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Flat-headed Snake Tantilla gracilis Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Graham's Crayfish Snake Regina grahamii Probably Present Unknown - -
Ground Snake, Groundsnake Sonora semiannulata Present Native Uncommon
Green Anole Anolis carolinensis Present Native Common
ground skink Scincella lateralis Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Harlequin Coralsnake, Northern Coral Snake Micrurus fulvius - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mediterranean House Gecko Hemidactylus turcicus Present Non-native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Northern Diamond-backed Water Snake Nerodia rhombifer Present Native Common
- - Nerodia rhombifera Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
rat snake Elaphe obsoleta Present - - - -
Red-bellied watersnake Nerodia erythrogaster erythrogaster Unconfirmed - - - -
rough green snake Opheodrys aestivus Present Native Uncommon
Rough Earth Snake, Rough Earthsnake Virginia striatula Present Native Uncommon
River Cooter Pseudemys concinna Present - - - -
Red-eared Slider Trachemys scripta Present - - - -
red-eared slider Trachemys scripta elegans Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
spiny softshell turtle Apalone spinifera Present Native Common
Spiny Softshell Turtle Trionyx spiniferus Unconfirmed - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Texas Coralsnake Micrurus tener Present Native Uncommon
Texas Horned Lizard Phrynosoma cornutum Probably Present Native - -
Texas Spiny Lizard Sceloporus olivaceus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
worm snake Carphophis amoenus Present - - - -
Western Rat Snake Elaphe obsoleta lindheimerii Unconfirmed - - - -
Western Coachwhip Masticophis flagellum testaceus Present Native Common
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake, Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake Crotalus atrox Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Yellow Mud Turtle Kinosternon flavescens Present Native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Bullfrog Lithobates catesbeianus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Coastal Plain Toad Incilius nebulifer Present Native Abundant
Couch's Spadefoot Scaphiopus couchii Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green Tree Frog, Green Treefrog Hyla cinerea Present Native Uncommon
Great Plains Narrow-mouthed Toad Gastrophryne olivacea Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bullhead minnow Pimephales vigilax Present Native Common
Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus Present Native Common
black bullhead Ameiurus melas Probably Present Native - -
blue catfish Ictalurus furcatus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
central stoneroller Campostoma anomalum Present Native Common
common carp Cyprinus carpio Present Native Common
Channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
gizzard shad Dorosoma cepedianum Present Native Rare
ghost shiner Notropis buchanani Present Native Common
Green Sunfish Lepomis cyanellus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
longear sunfish Lepomis megalotis Present Native Common
Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mexican tetra Astyanax mexicanus Present Non-native Abundant
mimic shiner Notropis volucellus Present Native Common
Mozambique mouth-breeder, Mozambique mouthbrooder, Mozambique tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus Present Non-native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red shiner Cyprinella lutrensis Present Native Common
Redbreast Sunfish Lepomis auritus Present Native Common
redbelly tilapia, Zilli's tilapia Tilapia zillii Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sailfin molly Poecilia latipinna Present Non-native Abundant
spotted bass Micropterus punctulatus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Texas shiner Notropis amabilis Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
weed shiner Notropis texanus Present Native Common
western mosquitofish Gambusia affinis Present Native Abundant
warmouth Chaenobryttus gulosus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow bullhead Ameiurus natalis Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
arrowhead Sagittaria - - - - - -
agave, agave species Agave - - - - - -
asparagus Asparagus officinalis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
- - Acmella oppositifolia Present Native Common
Arkansas dozedaisy Aphanostephus skirrhobasis Present Native Common
annual saltmarsh aster, panicled aster, saltmarsh aster, slender aster, southern annual saltmarsh aster Aster subulatus var. ligulatus Present Native Rare
American basketflower Centaurea americana Present Native Rare
Atkinson's tickseed, golden tickseed, plains coreopsis, plains tickseed Coreopsis tinctoria Present Native Occasional
annual marsh elder, annual marshelder, annual marsh-elder, seacoast sumpweed Iva annua Present Native Common
American boxwood Buxus sempervirens Present Non-native Occasional
alligator weed, alligatorweed, pig weed Alternanthera philoxeroides Present Non-native Occasional
angel trumpets Acleisanthes longiflora Present Native Common
American pokeweed, common pokeweed, inkberry, pigeonberry, poke, pokeberry, pokeweed Phytolacca americana Unconfirmed Native - -
amamastla Rumex chrysocarpus Present Native Occasional
Ashe juniper, Ashe's juniper Juniperus ashei Present Native Occasional
Arizona acacia, catclaw, catclaw acacia, catclaw mimosa Acacia greggii var. greggii Present Native Occasional
annual yellow sweetclover, Indian sweet-clover Melilotus indicus Present Non-native Common
alfilaria Erodium cicutarium Present Non-native Common
American beautyberry Callicarpa americana Present Non-native Occasional
autumn sage Salvia greggii Present Non-native Uncommon
American Germander Teucrium canadense - - - - - -
American germander Teucrium canadense var. canadense Present Native Rare
ash Fraxinus - - - - - -
angelpod melochia Melochia pyramidata Present Native Occasional
American Great Bulrush Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani Present Native Occasional
Angleton bluestem Dichanthium aristatum Present Non-native Rare
annual bluegrass Poa annua Present Non-native Common
Alabama lipfern Cheilanthes alabamensis Present Native Rare
American sycamore Platanus occidentalis Present Native Occasional
American elm Ulmus americana Present Native Occasional
ashleaf maple, boxelder Acer negundo var. texanum Present Native Common
Alamovine Merremia dissecta Present Native Common
American nightshade Solanum ptychanthum Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Buckley yucca Yucca constricta Present Native Occasional
bur-marifold, stick-tights Bidens laevis Present Native Common
blanket flower Gaillardia pulchella Present Native Common
biannual lettuce, Louisiana lettuce, wild lettuce Lactuca ludoviciana Present Native Common
blackeyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta var. angustifolia Present Native Common
bush sunflower Simsia calva Present Native Common
blowball, common dandelion, dandelion, faceclock Taraxacum officinale Present Non-native Occasional
bitterweed, stemmy four-nerve daisy Tetraneuris scaposa Present Native Occasional
bluecurls Phacelia congesta Present Native Rare
broadpod whitlowwort Draba platycarpa Present Native Rare
Bougainvilla Bougainvillea - - - - - -
Bushy Knotweed Polygonum ramosissimum Present Native Occasional
big talinum, jewels of Opar Talinum paniculatum Present Native Rare
buffalo gourd Cucurbita foetidissima Present Native Rare
bald cypress Taxodium distichum Present Native Occasional
beaked cornsalad Valerianella radiata Present Native Rare
blackbrush acacia, chaparro prieto Acacia rigidula Present Native Common
bearded dalea Dalea pogonathera Present Native Occasional
Black Medick Medicago lupulina Present Non-native Occasional
bur clover, bur medick, burclover, California burclover, toothed medick Medicago polymorpha - - - - - -
bigpod sesbania, Colorado riverhemp, hemp sesbania, peatree Sesbania herbacea Present Native Rare
Buckley's oak, Texas oak Quercus buckleyi Present Non-native Rare
bur oak Quercus macrocarpa Present Non-native Occasional
black walnut Juglans nigra Present Native Occasional
bloodflower, hierba de la cucaracha, scarlet milkweed, wild ipecacuanha Asclepias curassavica Present Non-native Rare
bearded swallowwort Cynanchum barbigerum Present Native Rare
branched foldwing Dicliptera brachiata Present Native Occasional
blood sage Salvia coccinea Present Native Rare
Berlandier ash Fraxinus berlandieriana Present Native Occasional
blue water speedwell, water speedwell Veronica anagallis-aquatica Present Non-native Rare
bird-eye speedwell Veronica persica Present Non-native Rare
beebrush Aloysia gratissima Present Native Occasional
beaked vervain Glandularia quandrangulata Present Native Common
Brazilian vervain Verbena brasiliensis Present Non-native Occasional
bullnettle, Texas bullnettle Cnidoscolus texanus Present Native Rare
black willow Salix nigra Present Native Occasional
buff petal, buffpetal Rhynchosida physocalyx Present Native Common
ballmoss Tillandsia recurvata Present Native Occasional
Britton's sedge Carex tetrastachya Present Native Uncommon
buffalograss Buchloe dactyloides Present Native Occasional
Bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon Present Non-native Common
Barnyard Grass Echinochloa crus-galli Present Non-native Occasional
blue panicum Panicum antidotale Present Non-native Rare
buffelgrass Pennisetum ciliare Present Non-native Rare
browntop panicum Urochloa fasciculata Present Native Common
broadleaf cattail Typha latifolia Unconfirmed Native - -
bluestem pricklypoppy, white pricklypoppy Argemone albiflora ssp. texana Unconfirmed Native - -
blister buttercup Ranunculus sceleratus Present Native Rare
brasil Condalia hookeri var. hookeri Present Native Common
balloonvine, love in a puff Cardiospermum halicacabum Present Native Rare
Berlandier wolfberry Lycium berlandieri Present Native Occasional
Buffalo Bur Solanum rostratum Present Native Rare
bullhead, caltrop, goathead, Mexican sandbur, puncture vine, Texas sandbur Tribulus terrestris Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
coco yam, wild taro Colocasia esculenta Present Non-native Common
Canadian blacksnakeroot Sanicula canadensis Present Native Rare
Canada garlic, meadow garlic Allium canadense var. canadense Present Native Rare
cebolleta Cooperia drummondii Present Native Common
Carolina spiderlily Hymenocallis caroliniana Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Crow-poison Nothoscordum bivalve Present Native Occasional
Cuman ragweed, perennial ragweed, western ragweed Ambrosia psilostachya Present Native Occasional
cudweed sagewort, gray sagewort, Louisiana sagewort, Louisiana wormwood, mugwort wormwood, prairie sage, white sagebrush Artemisia ludoviciana Present Native Rare
Canadian horseweed Conyza canadensis Present Native Rare
curlycup gumweed, curlytop gumweed, gumweed, rosinweed, tarweed Grindelia squarrosa Present Native Occasional
cretanweed Hedypnois cretica Present Non-native Uncommon
Common Sunflower Helianthus annuus Present Native Occasional
cucumberleaf sunflower Helianthus debilis ssp. cucumerifolius Present Native Occasional
camphorweed Heterotheca subaxillaris Present Native Rare
Carolina woollywhite Hymenopappus scabiosaeus var. corymbosus Present Native Common
China lettuce, prickly lettuce, wild lettuce Lactuca serriola Present Non-native Occasional
cusp blazing star, narrowleaf gayfeather Liatris mucronata Present Native Common
climbing hempvine, climbing hempweed Mikania scandens Present Native Uncommon
Canada Goldenrod Solidago canadensis Present Native Common
Common Sow Thistle Sonchus oleraceus Present Non-native Occasional
Colorado greenthread Thelesperma ambiguum Present Native Rare
cowpen daisy Verbesina encelioides Present Native Rare
cocklebur Xanthium strumarium Not In Park Native - -
clasping Venus' lookingglass, clasping Venus' looking-glass, small Venus' looking-glass Triodanis perfoliata var. biflora Present Native Occasional
clasping Venus' lookingglass, clasping Venus' looking-glass, clasping-leaf Venus' looking-glass Triodanis perfoliata var. perfoliata Present Native Occasional
CORN GROMWELL Lithospermum arvense Present Non-native Occasional
Clammy-weed Polanisia dodecandra var. trachysperma Present Native Rare
cholla, pricklypear Opuntia - - - - - -
Christmas cholla Opuntia leptocaulis Present Native Occasional
common chickweed Stellaria media Present Non-native Occasional
Carpetweed Mollugo verticillata Present Native Common
confederate vine, coral vine, Mexican coral vine, Mexican creeper, queen's jewels, queen's wreath Antigonon leptopus Present Non-native Occasional
Curly dock Rumex crispus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
common hornwort, coon's tail, coon's-tail, coontail, hornwort Ceratophyllum demersum Present Native Uncommon
common water hyacinth, common water-hyacinth, floating water hyacinth, floating waterhyacinth, lirio acuatico, mbekambekairanga, water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes Present Non-native Common
cucumber Cucumis melo Present Non-native Occasional
creeping cucumber Melothria pendula Present Native Occasional
Chinese wisteria Wisteria sinensis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
common buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis - - - - - -
Carolina Cranesbill Geranium carolinianum Present Native Occasional
cross vine, crossvine Bignonia capreolata Present Non-native Rare
catclaw vine, claw vine Macfadyena unguis-cati Present Non-native Unknown
Coulter's wrinklefruit Tetraclea coulteri Present Native Common
chastetree Vitex agnus-castus Present Non-native Occasional
Chinese privet Ligustrum sinense Present Non-native Rare
Common Plantain Plantago major Present Non-native Rare
corn speedwell Veronica arvensis Present Non-native Occasional
cenizo Leucophyllum frutescens Present Native Occasional
calico bush Lantana urticoides Present Native Occasional
chicken tree, Chinese tallow tree, Florida aspen, popcorn tree, tallowtree, vegetable tallow, white wax berry Sapium sebiferum Present Non-native Rare
catnip noseburn Tragia ramosa Present Native Occasional
cheeseweed mallow Malva parviflora Present Non-native Common
creeping yellow sida Sida abutifolia Present Native Occasional
Crepe myrtle Lagerstroemia indica Present Non-native Occasional
Cut-leaved Evening Primrose Oenothera laciniata Present Native Rare
carex, sedge, sedge species, sedges Carex - - - - - -
cedar sedge Carex planostachys Present Native Common
chaguan humatag, cocograss, kili'o'opu, nutgrass, pakopako, purple nutsedge Cyperus rotundus Present Non-native Common
common sandbur Cenchrus spinifex Present Native Occasional
coast cockspur grass Echinochloa walteri Present Native Rare
Canada wildrye Elymus canadensis Unconfirmed Native - -
Common curleymesquite, curleymesquite, curly mesquite, curlymesquite, curly-mesquite Hilaria belangeri Present Native Common
Common Darnel, Perennial Ryegrass Lolium perenne Present Non-native Occasional
crimson fountaingrass Pennisetum setaceum Present Non-native Occasional
Carolina canarygrass Phalaris caroliniana Present Native Common
common reed Phragmites communis - - - - - -
composite dropseed, dropseed, tall dropseed Sporobolus compositus var. compositus Present Native Common
corn Zea mays Unconfirmed Non-native - -
common maidenhair Adiantum capillus-veneris Present Native Rare
Carolina snailseed Cocculus carolinus Present Native Common
Carolina larkspur Delphinium carolinianum Present Native Rare
common fig, edible fig, fiku, piku Ficus carica Present Non-native Occasional
chokecherry, plum Prunus - - - - - -
Common pear Pyrus communis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
cedar elm Ulmus crassifolia Present Native Common
Chinaberry Melia azedarach Present Non-native Common
citrus Citrus - - - - - -
creeping jenny, European bindweed, field bindweed, perennial morningglory, smallflowered morningglory Convolvulus arvensis Present Non-native Uncommon
Carolina ponysfoot, grass ponysfoot Dichondra carolinensis Present Native Occasional
cotton morningglory, tievine Ipomoea cordatotriloba Present Native Common
cutleaf groundcherry, cut-leaf ground-cherry, lanceleaf groundcherry Physalis angulata Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
delta arrowhead Sagittaria platyphylla Present Native Occasional
dwarf palmetto Sabal minor Unconfirmed Native - -
Drummond wild onion Allium drummondii Present Native Rare
Datil yucca Yucca baccata Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Don Quixote's lace Yucca treculeana Present Native Occasional
desert chicory, desertchicory, manystemmed false-dandelion, smallflower desert-chicory Pyrrhopappus pauciflorus Present Native Common
denseflower knotweed Polygonum densiflorum Present Native Occasional
dotted smartweed Polygonum punctatum Present Native Common
desert yaupon Schaefferia cuneifolia Present Native Rare
dwarf poinciana, flowerfence, pride-of-Barbados Caesalpinia pulcherrima Present Non-native Occasional
dwarf senna Senna pumilio Present Native Rare
diamondflowers, prairie bluets Hedyotis nigricans var. nigricans Present Native Rare
desert willow Chilopsis linearis Present Non-native Occasional
Drummond's false pennyroyal, Drummond's pennyroyal Hedeoma drummondii Present Native Common
Drummond's skullcap Scutellaria drummondii Present Native Rare
Dakota mock vervain Glandularia bipinnatifida Present Native Occasional
doveweed Croton capitatus Present Native Occasional
Drummond's beeblossom Gaura drummondii Unconfirmed Native - -
Dillen's oxalis, slender yellow woodsorrel Oxalis dillenii Present Native Occasional
Drummond woodsorrell Oxalis drummondii Present Native Common
dallas grass, dallis grass, dallisgrass, herbe de miel, herbe sirop, hiku nua, palpalum dilate, water grass Paspalum dilatatum Present Non-native Occasional
doubtful knight's spur Consolida ajacis Present Non-native Occasional
downy hawthorn Crataegus mollis Present Native Occasional
Dutchman's breeches Thamnosma texana Present Native Common
dodder Cuscuta - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern lined ASTER Aster lanceolatus Present Native Occasional
entireleaf western daisy Astranthium integrifolium Present Native Rare
erect spiderling Boerhavia erecta Present Native Rare
erect dayflower Commelina erecta - - - - - -
eastern redcedar Juniperus virginiana Present Native Occasional
eastern redbud Cercis canadensis - - - - - -
Eve's necklacepod, Texas sophora Sophora affinis Present Native Occasional
entireleaf Indian paintbrush, Texas paintbrush Castilleja indivisa Present Native Occasional
eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides - - - - - -
eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides ssp. deltoides Present Native Rare
Emory's sedge Carex emoryi Present Native Rare
eight-flower six-weeks grass, pullout grass, sixweeks fescue, sixweeks grass Vulpia octoflora Present Native Rare
eastern poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
field ragweed Ambrosia confertiflora Present Native Common
false daisy Eclipta prostrata Present Native Occasional
florida lettuce Lactuca floridana Present Native Common
flat-spine sheepburr, flatspine stickseed Lappula occidentalis var. cupulata Unconfirmed Native - -
fiddleleaf nama Nama jamaicense Present Native Rare
four-leaved all-seed Polycarpon tetraphyllum Present Non-native Rare
four-o'clock Mirabilis jalapa Present Non-native Common
four o'clock, linearleaf four-o'clock, narrowleaf four o'clock, narrowleaf four-o'clock Mirabilis linearis Present Native Uncommon
fiddle dock Rumex pulcher Present Non-native Rare
French tamarisk, saltcedar, tamarisk, tamarix Tamarix gallica Present Non-native Uncommon
false dayflower Tinantia anomala Present Native Common
fragrant mimosa Mimosa borealis Present Native Rare
fringed twinevine Sarcostemma cynanchoides Present Native Rare
false pennyroyal, falsepennyroyal, rough false pennyroyal, rough falsepennyroyal, rough pennyroyal Hedeoma hispida Present Native Rare
field speedwell Veronica agrestis Present Non-native Rare
frogfruit Phyla nodiflora Present Native Occasional
false hair sedge Carex bulbostylis Present Native Rare
fragrant flatsedge Cyperus odoratus Present Native Rare
Fendler threeawn, Fendler's threeawn, red threeawn, red threeawn (Fendler) Aristida purpurea var. longiseta Present Native Occasional
fringed windmill grass Chloris ciliata Present Native Occasional
fingergrass, Henry's crabgrass, kukaepua'a, saulangi, smooth crabgrass, southern crab grass, southern crabgrass, tropical crabgrass Digitaria ciliaris Present Non-native Rare
fall witchgrass Digitaria cognata Present Native Rare
fairy swords, fairyswords, Lindheimer's lipfern Cheilanthes lindheimeri Present Native Rare
fumewort Corydalis - - - - - -
Fumitory Fumaria officinalis Present Non-native Occasional
False nightshade Chamaesaracha coronopus Present Native Rare
fiddleleaf tobacco Nicotiana repanda Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Grass-leaved Arrowhead Sagittaria graminea Unconfirmed Native - -
giant rainlily Cooperia pedunculata Present Native Occasional
Great Ragweed Ambrosia trifida Present Native Common
giant goldenrod Solidago gigantea Present Native Abundant
green tansymustard, pinnate tansy mustard, pinnate tansymustard, tansymustard, western tansymustard Descurainia pinnata Present Native Rare
grassland pricklypear, plains twistspine pricklypear, twistspine pricklypear Opuntia macrorhiza Present Native Rare
gum bully Sideroxylon lanuginosum Present Native Occasional
gray vervain Verbena canescens Present Native Occasional
golondrina Euphorbia hirta Present Non-native Unknown
green violet Hybanthus verticillatus - - - - - -
Giant Cane Arundinaria gigantea Unconfirmed Native - -
giant cane Arundo donax Present Non-native Common
gummy lovegrass Eragrostis curtipedicellata Present Native Rare
green sprangletop Leptochloa dubia Present Native Rare
guineagrass Panicum maximum Present Non-native Occasional
golden bamboo Phyllostachys aurea Present Non-native Uncommon
giant cutgrass Zizaniopsis miliacea Present Native Rare
granjeno Celtis pallida Present Native Common
graythorn, Lote bush, lotebush Ziziphus obtusifolia Present Native Occasional
graybark grape Vitis cinerea Present Native Occasional
guayacan Guaiacum angustifolium Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hydrilla Hydrilla verticillata Present Non-native Uncommon
hoary bowlesia Bowlesia incana Present Native Common
hairyfruit chervil Chaerophyllum tainturieri var. dasycarpum Present Native Common
hairyfruit chervil Chaerophyllum tainturieri var. tainturieri Present Native Common
huisache daisy Amblyolepis setigera Present Native Common
heath aster, white aster, white heath aster Aster ericoides Present Native Rare
hairy wedelia Wedelia texana Present Native Common
hairy peppergrass Lepidium austrinum Present Native Occasional
horsetail, smooth horsetail, smooth scouringrush, smooth scouring-rush Equisetum laevigatum Present Native Rare
hairy bundleflower Desmanthus velutinus Present Native Rare
honeylocust Gleditsia triacanthos Unconfirmed Non-native - -
hop clover Trifolium dubium Unconfirmed Non-native - -
hairy tubetongue Siphonoglossa pilosella - - - - - -
henbit deadnettle Lamium amplexicaule Present Non-native Occasional
horehound, white horehound Marrubium vulgare Unconfirmed Non-native - -
horse mint, miners lettuce, plains beebalm, pony beebalm, spotted beebalm Monarda pectinata Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Huachuca skullcap, skullcap Scutellaria - - - - - -
heart-leaved skullcap Scutellaria ovata Present Native Rare
Hooker's plantain Plantago hookeriana Present Native Occasional
hillside verbena, hillside vervain, New Mexico verbena Verbena neomexicana var. hirtella Unconfirmed Native - -
hophornbeam copperleaf, pineland threeseed mercury Acalypha ostryifolia Present Native Occasional
hooded windmill grass Chloris cucullata Present Native Common
hare barley, leporinum barley, wild barley Hordeum leporinum Present Non-native Occasional
Hall panicum, Hall's panic, Hall's panicgrass, Hall's panicum Panicum hallii Present Native Occasional
hairyseed paspalum Paspalum pubiflorum Present Native Occasional
Heavenly bamboo Nandina domestica Present Non-native Uncommon
hairy crabweed Fatoua villosa Present Non-native Common
hog-plum Colubrina texensis Present Native Common
hawthorns Crataegus - - - - - -
hoary bindweed Convolvulus equitans Present Native Occasional
Heller's grape Vitis cinerea var. helleri Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
iris Iris - - - - - -
iceweed, Virginia crownbeard, white crownbeard Verbesina virginica Present Native Occasional
India heliotrope, Indian heliotrope Heliotropium indicum Present Non-native Rare
Illinois bundleflower Desmanthus illinoensis Unconfirmed Native - -
Indianhemp Apocynum cannabinum Present Native Rare
Indian woodoats Chasmanthium latifolium Present Native Occasional
Indian goosegrass Eleusine indica Present Non-native Common
IVY-LEAVED MORNING-GLORY Ipomoea hederacea Present Native Rare
ivy treebine Cissus incisa Present Native Occasional
Indian shot Canna indica Unconfirmed Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Japanese honeysuckle Lonicera japonica Present Non-native Common
Japanese jasmine Jasminum mesnyi Present Native Occasional
Japanese privet Ligustrum japonicum Present Non-native Common
juniper-leaf Polypremum procumbens Present Native Rare
Japanese brome Bromus japonicus Present Non-native Occasional
jungle-rice Echinochloa colona Present Native Unknown
Johnsongrass Sorghum halepense Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
knotted hedge-parsley Torilis nodosa Present Non-native Occasional
Kairn's sensitive-briar, Mimosa latidens Mimosa latidens Present Native Occasional
knotweed leafflower Phyllanthus polygonoides Present Native Occasional
knotgrass Paspalum distichum Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
lesser duckweed Lemna aequinoctialis Present Native Uncommon
lateflowering thoroughwort Eupatorium serotinum Present Native Rare
lettuce Lactuca - - - - - -
lyreleaf parthenium Parthenium confertum Present Native Occasional
London rocket Sisymbrium irio Present Non-native Occasional
Lamb's Quarters, Pigweed Chenopodium album Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Lindheimer globeberry Ibervillea lindheimeri Present Native Occasional
least snoutbean Rhynchosia minima Present Unknown Occasional
Leavenworth's vetch Vicia leavenworthii - - - - - -
Leavenworth's vetch Vicia ludoviciana ssp. leavenworthii Present Native Rare
live oak Quercus virginiana Present Native Occasional
longhorn milkweed Asclepias oenotheroides Present Native Rare
lemon beebalm, lemon mint Monarda citriodora - - - - - -
low pink vervain Glandularia pumila Present Native Occasional
largeleaf lantana Lantana camara Present Non-native Occasional
low silverbush, low wildmercury Argythamnia humilis var. humilis Present Native Rare
low euphorbia Euphorbia peplidion Present Native Rare
Leavenworth's sedge Carex leavenworthii Present Native Rare
longspike threeawn Aristida longispica Unconfirmed Native - -
Little BARLEY Hordeum pusillum Present Native Common
Lindheimer muhly Muhlenbergia lindheimeri Present Native Occasional
longtom Paspalum lividum Present Native Common
little bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium Present Native Rare
lovegrass tridens Tridens eragrostoides Present Native Rare
Lindheimer's Maiden Fern Thelypteris ovata var. lindheimeri Present Native Occasional
leatherflower Clematis pitcheri Present Native Occasional
loquat Eriobotrya japonica Present Non-native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Maximilian sunflower Helianthus maximiliani Present Native Occasional
marsh fleabane Pluchea odorata Present Native Rare
mat chaff-flower Alternanthera caracasana Present Native Common
mountain four-o'clock, white four o'clock, white four-o'clock Mirabilis albida Present Native Rare
Mexican redbud Cercis canadensis var. mexicana Present Non-native Unknown
mesquite Prosopis glandulosa var. glandulosa Present Native Common
Mexican white oak Quercus polymorpha Present Non-native Occasional
Madagascar periwinkle Catharanthus roseus Present Non-native Rare
Metz's wild petunia Ruellia metziae Present Native Rare
mealy sage Salvia farinacea Unconfirmed Native - -
mousesear, mouse's-ear Stachys crenata Present Native Rare
Missouri violet Viola sororia var. missouriensis Unconfirmed Native - -
Muhlenberg's sedge Carex muehlenbergii Unconfirmed Native - -
Mediterranean lovegrass Eragrostis barrelieri Present Non-native Occasional
marsh bristlegrass Setaria parviflora Unconfirmed Native - -
Millet Setaria viridis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Mexican buckeye Ungnadia speciosa Present Non-native Occasional
Morning Glory Ipomoea carnea ssp. fistulosa Present Non-native Occasional
mustang grape Vitis mustangensis Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
narrowleaf purple everlasting Gamochaeta falcata Unconfirmed Non-native - -
netseed lambsquarters, pigseed goosefoot, pitseed goosefoot, pit-seed goosefoot Chenopodium berlandieri Present Native Rare
Nuttall's monolepis, Nuttall's povertyweed, Nuttall's poverty-weed, patata, patota Monolepis nuttalliana Present Native Rare
Nuttall milkvetch, smallflowered milkvetch Astragalus nuttallianus - - - - - -
narrowleaf dyschoriste Dyschoriste linearis Present Native Rare
narrowleaf elbowbush Forestiera angustifolia Present Native Rare
narrowleaf cattail Typha angustifolia Unconfirmed Native - -
netleaf hackberry Celtis laevigata var. reticulata Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
orange fameflower Talinum aurantiacum Present Native Occasional
oak Quercus - - - - - -
oleander Nerium oleander Present Non-native Rare
Orinoco jute Corchorus hirtus Present Native Rare
oneflower flatsedge, one-flower flatsedge Cyperus retroflexus Present Native Occasional
Oats Avena sativa Present Non-native Occasional
Ozarkgrass Limnodea arkansana Present Native Common
Old-witch Grass Panicum capillare Present Native Rare
old man's beard Clematis drummondii Present Native Common
osage orange Maclura pomifera Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
possumhaw Ilex decidua Present Native Rare
plains dozedaisy Aphanostephus ramosissimus Present Native Occasional
pinnate engelmannia Engelmannia pinnatifida Present Native Common
Philadelphia fleabane Erigeron philadelphicus Present Native Occasional
pink thoroughwort Fleischmannia incarnata Present Native Occasional
Pennsylvania everlasting Gamochaeta pensylvanica Present Native Rare
prairie coneflower, redspike Mexican hat, upright prairie coneflower Ratibida columnifera Present Native Occasional
plateau golden-eye Viguiera dentata Present Native Uncommon
Peppergrass Lepidium densiflorum Unconfirmed Native - -
Palmer's amaranth Amaranthus palmeri Present Native Common
prostrate starwort Stellaria prostrata Present Native Rare
pigeonberry Rivina humilis Present Native Occasional
Purslane Portulaca oleracea Present Native Occasional
prairie spiderwort, spiderwort Tradescantia occidentalis Unconfirmed Native - -
Pickerelweed Pontederia cordata Unconfirmed Native - -
phlox Phlox drummondii Present Native Rare
partridge pea, showy partridgepea, sleepingplant Chamaecrista fasciculata Present Native Occasional
pecan Carya illinoinensis Present Native Common
pearl milkvine Matelea reticulata Present Native Rare
Periwinkle Vinca major Present Non-native Rare
Purslane Speedwell or Neckweed Veronica peregrina Present Native Occasional
prairie tea Croton monanthogynus Present Native Common
prostrate spurge Euphorbia prostrata Present Native Occasional
purple passionflower Passiflora incarnata Unconfirmed Native - -
prickly fanpetals Sida spinosa Present Native Rare
pomegranate Punica granatum Present Non-native Rare
pinkladies, Showy evening primrose, showy eveningprimrose Oenothera speciosa Present Native Occasional
ponyfoot woodsorrell Oxalis dichondrifolia Present Native Occasional
pond flatsedge Cyperus ochraceus Present Native Occasional
papyrus Cyperus papyrus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
purple 3-awn, purple threeawn, purple three-awn, red threeawn Aristida purpurea - - - - - -
purple threeawn Aristida purpurea var. purpurea Present Native Occasional
Plains lovegrass Eragrostis intermedia Present Native Occasional
- - Panicum oligosanthes Present Native Rare
Plains bristlegrass Setaria leucopila Present Native Occasional
prickly lipfern Cheilanthes horridula Present Native Rare
purple cliffbrake Pellaea atropurpurea Present Native Rare
paper mulberry Broussonetia papyrifera Present Non-native Common
pear Pyrus - - - - - -
- - Pyrus malus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Pennsylvania Pellitory Parietaria pensylvanica Present Native Occasional
prairie sumac Rhus lanceolata Present Non-native Occasional
peppervine Ampelopsis arborea Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red yucca Hesperaloe parviflora Present Non-native Occasional
roadside blueeyed grass, roadside blue-eyed grass Sisyrinchium langloisii Present Native Rare
Riddell's lazy daisy Aphanostephus riddellii Present Native Common
Roosevelt weed Baccharis neglecta Present Native Occasional
roundhead rabbit tobacco Evax verna Present Native Occasional
ragweed parthenium Parthenium hysterophorus Present Native Common
rock lettuce Pinaropappus roseus Present Native Rare
rough nama Nama hispidum Present Native Rare
red spiderling Boerhavia diffusa Present Native Common
roughleaf dogwood Cornus drummondii Present Native Common
redbud Cercis canadensis var. texensis Unconfirmed Native - -
retama Parkinsonia aculeata Present Native Occasional
ruellia, violet ruellia, wild petunia Ruellia nudiflora - - - - - -
Runyon's wild petunia Ruellia nudiflora var. runyonii Present Native Common
redbud menodora Menodora heterophylla Present Native Occasional
redseed plantain Plantago rhodosperma Present Native Common
roundleaf greenbrier Smilax rotundifolia Unconfirmed Non-native - -
ribseed sandmat, ridgeseed spurge Euphorbia glyptosperma Present Native Occasional
rose sundrops Oenothera rosea Present Native Rare
RED-ROOTED GALINGALE Cyperus erythrorhizos Present Native Rare
red grama Bouteloua trifida Present Native Common
rescue grass Bromus catharticus Present Non-native Common
red lovegrass Eragrostis secundiflora ssp. oxylepis Present Native Common
Rice Cutgrass Leersia oryzoides Present Native Rare
red sprangletop Leptochloa mucronata Present Native Rare
rustyseed paspalum Paspalum langei Present Native Rare
rabbit-foot grass Polypogon monspeliensis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Rio Grande bristlegrass Setaria ramiseta Present Native Rare
red pricklypoppy, spiny pricklypoppy Argemone sanguinea Present Native Occasional
red mulberry Morus rubra Present Native Occasional
Rose Rosa - - - - - -
Rio Grande dewberry Rubus riograndis Present Native Common
rockweed Pilea microphylla Present Non-native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
spotted water hemlock Cicuta maculata var. maculata Present Native Rare
southwestern carrot Daucus pusillus Present Native Common
smooth scaleseed Spermolepis inermis Present Native Occasional
sockbane Torilis arvensis Present Non-native Common
swamplily Crinum - - - - - -
sotol Dasylirion texanum Present Non-native Occasional
straggler daisy Calyptocarpus vialis Present Native Common
silverpuff Chaptalia texana Present Native Rare
spiny aster Chloracantha spinosa Present Native Occasional
sticky palafoxia Florestina tripteris Present Native Rare
smallhead sneezeweed Helenium microcephalum Present Native Common
Spiny-leaved Sow Thistle Sonchus asper Present Non-native Occasional
slender greenthread Thelesperma filifolium Present Native Rare
San Antonio stoneseed Lithospermum mirabile Present Native Uncommon
Shepherd's Purse Capsella bursa-pastoris Present Non-native Abundant
silver bladderpod Lesquerella argyraea Present Native Rare
spreading amaranth Amaranthus crassipes Unconfirmed Native - -
slender snakecotton, slender snake-cotton Froelichia gracilis Present Native Rare
Sleepy Catchfly Silene antirrhina Present Native Occasional
scarlet muskflower Nyctaginia capitata Present Native Occasional
shaggy portulaca Portulaca pilosa Present Native Rare
salt-cedar Tamarix - - - - - -
spider-lily, spiderwort, wandering-Jew Tradescantia - - - - - -
- - Sambucus canadensis var. canadensis Present Native Common
splitleaf gilia Gilia incisa Present Native Occasional
Scarlet Pimpernel Anagallis arvensis