Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site

Rank: 359

Park Description

The Sand Creek Massacre: profound, symbolic, spiritual, controversial, a site unlike any other in America. As 675 cavalrymen came around a prairie bend, the camps of Chiefs Black Kettle, White Antelope, and Left Hand lay in the valley before them. Chaotic, horrific, tumultuous, and bloody, the events of November 29, 1864 changed the course of history.

Park Address

PO Box 249 910 Wansted

Eads, CO, 81036


Species in Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.



 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Arizona black-tailed prairie dog, Black-tailed Prairie Dog Cynomys ludovicianus Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
badger Taxidea taxus Present - - - -
black-tailed jack rabbit, Black-tailed Jackrabbit Lepus californicus Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
coyote Canis latrans Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
desert cottontail Sylvilagus audubonii Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hedgehog, Porcupine Erethizon dorsatum Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mule deer Odocoileus hemionus Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ord's kangaroo rat Dipodomys ordii Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
raccoon Procyon lotor Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Present - - - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
american kestrel Falco sparverius Present - - - -
american goldfinch Carduelis tristis Present - - - -
american robin Turdus migratorius Present - - - -
Arkansas Kingbird, Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Present - - - -
Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea Present - - - -
blue jay Cyanocitta cristata Present - - - -
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present - - - -
Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus Present - - - -
Bullock's Oriole Icterus bullockii Present - - - -
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Present - - - -
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present - - - -
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Present - - - -
burrowing owl Athene cunicularia Present - - - -
Barn Owl, North American Barn Owl Tyto alba Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Mallard, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Present - - - -
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor Present - - - -
Cassin's Sparrow Aimophila cassinii Present - - - -
Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida Present - - - -
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present - - - -
Cliff Swallow, Eastern Cliff Swallow, Eave Swallow, Northern Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Present - - - -
common grackle Quiscalus quiscula Present - - - -
chestnut-sided warbler Dendroica pensylvanica Present - - - -
common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Dickcissel Spiza americana Present - - - -
downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto Present - - - -
Eastern Lark Sparrow, Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus Present - - - -
Eastern Vesper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Present - - - -
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present - - - -
eastern bluebird Sialia sialis Present - - - -
eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum Present - - - -
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present - - - -
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
horned lark Eremophila alpestris Present - - - -
house finch Carpodacus mexicanus Present - - - -
house wren Troglodytes aedon Present - - - -
hermit thrush Catharus guttatus Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Killdeer, Northern Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys Present - - - -
Lincoln's Sparrow, Northern Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Present - - - -
loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mountain Plover Charadrius montanus Present - - - -
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Present - - - -
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Present - - - -
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present - - - -
Northern Short-eared Owl, Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
orchard oriole Icterus spurius Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pheasant, Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present - - - -
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present - - - -
Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus Present - - - -
red-headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni Present - - - -
Scaled Quail Callipepla squamata Present - - - -
Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus Present - - - -
swainson's thrush Catharus ustulatus Present - - - -
Say's Phoebe Sayornis saya Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Present - - - -
Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta Present - - - -
western wood-pewee Contopus sordidulus Present - - - -
warbling vireo Vireo gilvus Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Present - - - -
yellow warbler Dendroica petechia Present - - - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Bullsnake, Gopher Snake Pituophis catenifer Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Earless Lizard, Common Lesser Earless Lizard, Lesser Earless Lizard Holbrookia maculata Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
ornate box turtle, Western Box Turtle Terrapene ornata Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Prairie Rattlesnake, Western Rattlesnake Crotalus viridis Present - - - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Frog, Leopard Frog, Meadow Frog, Northern Leopard Frog Rana pipiens Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern tiger salamander Ambystoma tigrinum Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
rocky mountain toad Bufo woodhousii Present - - - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
plains killifish Fundulus zebrinus Present - - - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
annual buckwheat, annual eriogonum, annual wild buckwheat, annual wildbuckwheat, umbrella plant, wild buckwheat Eriogonum annuum Present Native - -
Andean prairie clover, Andean prairieclover, largespike prairieclover Dalea cylindriceps Present Native - -
American licorice, licorice, wild licorice Glycyrrhiza lepidota Present Native - -
American Great Bulrush Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani Present Native - -
- - Agropyron cristatum Present Non-native - -
alkali muhly, scratchgrass Muhlenbergia asperifolia Present Native - -
alkali sacaton, alkali-sacaton Sporobolus airoides Present Native - -
annual pricklypoppy, bluestem prickly poppy, crested pricklypoppy, pricklypoppy, thistle poppy, white prickly poppy Argemone polyanthemos Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
beargrass, Great Plains yucca, small soapweed, soapweed yucca, Spanish bayonet, yucca Yucca glauca Present Native - -
bull thistle Cirsium vulgare Present Non-native - -
blanket flower Gaillardia pulchella Present Native - -
broom snakeweed, broomweed, perennial snakeweed, stinkweed, turpentine weed, yellow top Gutierrezia sarothrae Present Native - -
bighead greenthread Thelesperma megapotamicum Present Native - -
burningbush, common kochia, fireweed, Mexican burningbush, Mexican fireweed, Mexican-fireweed, mock cypress, summercypress Kochia scoparia Present Non-native - -
brittle cactus, brittle pricklypear, fragile cactus, jumping cactus, little pricklypear Opuntia fragilis Present Native - -
bractless blazingstar, goodmother, stickleaf mentzelia Mentzelia nuda Present Native - -
buffalo gourd Cucurbita foetidissima Present Native - -
Bodin's milkvetch Astragalus bodinii Present Native - -
bigtop dalea, nine-anther dalea, nineanther prairie clover, nineanther prairieclover, nine-anther prairie-clover Dalea enneandra Present Native - -
Broadleaf milkweed Asclepias latifolia Present Native - -
bigbract verbena, bracted vervain, carpet vervain, prostrate verbena, prostrate vervain Verbena bracteata Present Native - -
bush poppymallow, Bush's poppymallow Callirhoe bushii Present Native - -
blue grama Bouteloua gracilis Present Native - -
Bromegrass Bromus tectorum Present Non-native - -
buffalograss Buchloe dactyloides Present Native - -
bottlebrush squirreltail, squirreltail, western bottle-brush grass Elymus elymoides Present Native - -
blowout grass Redfieldia flexuosa Present Native - -
broadleaf cattail Typha latifolia Present Native - -
bush morningglory, bush morning-glory Ipomoea leptophylla Present Native - -
Buffalo Bur Solanum rostratum Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Cuman ragweed, perennial ragweed, western ragweed Ambrosia psilostachya Present Native - -
cudweed sagewort, gray sagewort, Louisiana sagewort, Louisiana wormwood, mugwort wormwood, prairie sage, white sagebrush Artemisia ludoviciana Present Native - -
Canadian horseweed Conyza canadensis Present Native - -
curlycup gumweed, curlytop gumweed, gumweed, rosinweed, tarweed Grindelia squarrosa Present Native - -
cutleaf ironplant, ironplant, lacy tansyaster Haplopappus spinulosus Present Native - -
Common Sunflower Helianthus annuus Present Native - -
Chalk Hill hymenopappus, chalkhill woollywhite, Chalkhill woolywhite Hymenopappus tenuifolius Present Native - -
China lettuce, prickly lettuce, wild lettuce Lactuca serriola Present Non-native - -
cutleaf goldenweed, lacy tansyaster, lacy tansy-aster, pinnate machaeranthera, spiny goldenweed Machaeranthera pinnatifida Present Native - -
common salsify, goat's beard, goatsbeard, meadow goat's-beard, salsifis majeur, salsify, western goat's beard, western salsify, wild oysterplant, yellow goat's beard, yellow salsify Tragopogon dubius Present Non-native - -
corn gromwell Buglossoides arvensis Present Non-native - -
coast wallflower, sand dune wallflower, western wallflower Erysimum capitatum Present Native - -
clammyweed, red-whisker clammyweed, sandyseed clammyweed, western clammyweed Polanisia dodecandra ssp. trachysperma Present Native - -
Curly dock Rumex crispus Present Non-native - -
Canada milkvetch, Canadian milkvetch, Canadian milk-vetch Astragalus canadensis Present Native - -
copper mallow, orange globemallow, red falsemallow, scarlet globemallow Sphaeralcea coccinea Present Native - -
clustered field sedge, slim sedge Carex praegracilis Present Native - -
chairmaker's bulrush Schoenoplectus americanus Present Native - -
cosmopolitan bulrush Schoenoplectus maritimus Present Native - -
Canada wildrye Elymus canadensis Present Native - -
creeping jenny, European bindweed, field bindweed, perennial morningglory, smallflowered morningglory Convolvulus arvensis Present Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
dogbane dyssodia, dogweed, fetid dogweed, fetid marigold, fetid-marigold, prairie dogweed Dyssodia papposa Present Native - -
dotted blazing star, dotted gayfeather Liatris punctata Present Native - -
desert stickseed, flat-spine sheepburr, flatspine stickseed, western stickseed Lappula occidentalis var. occidentalis Present Native - -
Dock Rumex altissimus Present Native - -
dwarf prairie clover, dwarf prairieclover Dalea nana var. nana Present Native - -
dune scurfpea, lemon scurfpea, wild lemonweed Psoralidium lanceolatum Present Native - -
Dalmation toadflax Linaria dalmatica Present Native - -
doveweed, goatweed, skunkweed, Texas croton Croton texensis Present Native - -
desert saltgrass, inland saltgrass, marsh spikegrass, saltgrass, seashore saltgrass Distichlis spicata Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Engelmann's daisy Engelmannia peristenia Present Native - -
evening starflower, gumbo-lily, tenpetal blazingstar, tenpetal mentzelia, tenpetal stickleaf Mentzelia decapetala Present Native - -
Engelmann's milkweed Asclepias engelmanniana Present Native - -
eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides Present Native - -
eight-flower six-weeks grass, pullout grass, sixweeks fescue, sixweeks grass Vulpia octoflora Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
false tarragon, green sagewort, silky wormwood, tarragon, wormwood Artemisia dracunculus Present Native - -
fringed sagebrush, fringed sagewort, prairie sagewort Artemisia frigida Present Native - -
flat-spine sheepburr, flatspine stickseed, western sticktight Lappula occidentalis Present Native - -
flat-spine sheepburr, flatspine stickseed Lappula occidentalis var. cupulata Present Native - -
fringed gromwell, fringed puccoon, narrowleaf gromwell, narrowleaf pucoon, narrowleaf stoneseed, trumpet stoneseed Lithospermum incisum Present Native - -
four o'clock, linearleaf four-o'clock, narrowleaf four o'clock, narrowleaf four-o'clock Mirabilis linearis Present Native - -
fogfruit, wedgeleaf, wedgeleaf fogfruit Phyla cuneifolia Present Native - -
frog fruit, lanceleaf fogfruit, lanceleaf frog fruit, lanceleaf frogfruit, northern fogfruit Phyla lanceolata Present Native - -
Fendler threeawn, Fendler's threeawn, red threeawn, red threeawn (Fendler) Aristida purpurea var. longiseta Present Native - -
field brome Bromus arvensis Present Non-native - -
Fresh-water Cord Grass Spartina pectinata Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
gray thistle, wavyleaf thistle, wavy-leaf thistle Cirsium undulatum Present Native - -
goldenbush, rubber rabbitbrush Ericameria nauseosa Present Native - -
green Mexican-hat, green prairie coneflower, shortray prairie coneflower, shortray prairieconeflower Ratibida tagetes Present Native - -
giant goldenrod Solidago gigantea Present Native - -
green tansymustard, pinnate tansy mustard, pinnate tansymustard, tansymustard, western tansymustard Descurainia pinnata Present Native - -
Green Amaranth, Pigweed Amaranthus retroflexus Present Native - -
ground-plum, groundplum milkvetch Astragalus crassicarpus Present Native - -
great rushy milkvetch, rushy milkvetch Astragalus lonchocarpus Present Native - -
golden dalea, golden prairie clover, golden prairieclover, golden prairie-clover, silktop dalea Dalea aurea Present Native - -
green antelopehorn milkweed, green comet milkweed, green milkweed Asclepias viridiflora Present Native - -
galleta, James' galleta Pleuraphis jamesii Present Native - -
groundcherry, prairie groundcherry, prairie ground-cherry Physalis hispida Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hairy false goldaster, hairy false goldenaster, hairy goldaster, hairy goldenaster Heterotheca villosa Present Native - -
heart's-delight, prairie snowball, snowball sand verbena, sweet sand verbena Abronia fragrans Present Native - -
horsetail, scouring horsetail, scouringrush, scouringrush horsetail, tall scouring-rush, western scouringrush Equisetum hyemale Present Native - -
halfshrub calylophus, halfshrub sundrop, serrateleaf eveningprimrose, yellow sundrops Calylophus serrulatus Present Native - -
halfshrub sundrop, whitest evening primrose, whitest eveningprimrose, whitest evening-primrose, white-stem evening-primrose Oenothera albicaulis Present Native - -
Hairy-throat evening-primrose Oenothera coronopifolia Present Native - -
hairy grama Bouteloua hirsuta Present Native - -
hairy evolvulus Evolvulus nuttallianus Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
iron ipomopsis, iron skyrocket Ipomopsis laxiflora Present Native - -
Indianhemp Apocynum cannabinum Present Native - -
Indian ricegrass Achnatherum hymenoides Present Native - -
Indiangrass, yellow indian-grass Sorghastrum nutans Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
James' holdback, James' rushpea Caesalpinia jamesii Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Kentucky bluegrass Poa pratensis Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
lambstongue groundsel, lambstongue ragwort, lamb-tongue ragwort Senecio integerrimus Present Native - -
Lamb's Quarters, Pigweed Chenopodium album Present Non-native - -
Longflower gilia Ipomopsis longiflora Present Native - -
low lupine, rusty lupine, small lupine Lupinus pusillus Present Native - -
locoweed, silky crazyweed, silvery oxytrope, white crazyweed, white locoweed, white pointloco Oxytropis sericea Present Native - -
Little BARLEY Hordeum pusillum Present Native - -
little bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium Present Native - -
Long-leaf ground-cherry Physalis longifolia Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mat amaranth, prostrate amaranth, prostrate pigweed Amaranthus blitoides Present Non-native - -
Maple-leaved Goosefoot Chenopodium simplex Present Native - -
Missouri milkvetch, Missouri milk-vetch Astragalus missouriensis Present Native - -
Missouri spurge, prairie sandmat Chamaesyce missurica Present Native - -
mountain rush Juncus arcticus ssp. littoralis Present Native - -
Millet Setaria viridis Present Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
New Mexico groundsel Packera neomexicana Present Native - -
narrowleaf milkvetch Astragalus pectinatus Present Native - -
Nebraska sedge Carex nebrascensis Present Native - -
needle and thread, needleandthread Hesperostipa comata ssp. comata Present Native - -
narrowleaf cattail Typha angustifolia Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
orange flax, stiff flax, stiffstem flax Linum rigidum Present Native - -
old-field three-awn Aristida oligantha Present Native - -
Old-witch Grass Panicum capillare Present Native - -
old switch panic grass, switchgrass Panicum virgatum Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
prairie sunflower, showy sunflower Helianthus petiolaris Present Native - -
Poverty-weed Iva axillaris Present Native - -
prairie coneflower, redspike Mexican hat, upright prairie coneflower Ratibida columnifera Present Native - -
Peppergrass Lepidium densiflorum Present Native - -
prickly Russian thistle, tumbleweed Salsola tragus Present Non-native - -
pink pincushion cactus, spinystar, spinystar cactus Escobaria vivipara var. vivipara Present Native - -
plains pricklypear Opuntia polyacantha Present Native - -
Purslane Portulaca oleracea Present Native - -
prairie spiderwort, spiderwort Tradescantia occidentalis Present Native - -
purple locoweed, woolly loco, woolly locoweed, woolly milkvetch Astragalus mollissimus Present Native - -
purple prairie clover, purple prairieclover, violet dalea, violet prairie clover, violet prairie-clover Dalea purpurea Present Native - -
palmleaf Indian breadroot Pediomelum digitatum Present Native - -
purple poppymallow Callirhoe involucrata Present Native - -
purple 3-awn, purple threeawn, purple three-awn, red threeawn Aristida purpurea Present Native - -
prairie sandreed Calamovilfa longifolia Present Native - -
pubescent wheatgrass, western wheatgrass Pascopyrum smithii Present Native - -
plains bluegrass Poa arida Present Native - -
purple groundcherry Quincula lobata Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
rubber rabbitbrush Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa Present Native - -
rush skeletonplant, rush skeleton-plant, rush skeletonweed, skeletonplant, skeletonweed Lygodesmia juncea Present Native - -
ring muhly Muhlenbergia torreyi Present Native - -
rabbit-foot grass Polypogon monspeliensis Present Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sand sagebrush, sandhill sage, silvery wormwood Artemisia filifolia Present Native - -
Smooth daisy Erigeron glabellus Present Native - -
Spanish gold, spanishgold, wax goldenweed Grindelia papposa Present Native - -
spinystar Escobaria vivipara Present Native - -
sandpuffs, smallflower sand verbena, small-flower sandpuffs Tripterocalyx micranthus Present Native - -
slender white prairieclover, white dalea, white prairie clover, white prairieclover, white prairie-clover Dalea candida Present Native - -
scurfpea, slimflower scurfpea Psoralidium tenuiflorum Present Native - -
silky sophora Sophora nuttalliana Present Native - -
spider antelopehorn Asclepias asperula Present Native - -
showy milkweed Asclepias speciosa Present Native - -
sawtooth sandmat, saw-tooth sandmat Chamaesyce serrula Present Native - -
smoke-on-the-prairie, snow on the mountain, snow-on-the-mountain, variegated spurge, whitemargined spurge Euphorbia marginata Present Native - -
scarlet beeblossom, scarlet gaura, Scarlet guara Gaura coccinea Present Native - -
sun sedge Carex inops ssp. heliophila Present Native - -
sand flat sedge, schweinitz flatsedge, Schweinitz's flatsedge Cyperus schweinitzii Present Native - -
sand bluestem Andropogon hallii Present Native - -
sideoats grama Bouteloua curtipendula Present Native - -
squirreltail Elymus elymoides ssp. brevifolius Present Native - -
Stinkgrass, Skunkgrass Eragrostis cilianensis Present Non-native - -
sand lovegrass Eragrostis trichodes Present Native - -
Squirrel-tail Grass Hordeum jubatum Present Native - -
sand dropseed Sporobolus cryptandrus Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Takhoka-daisy, tanseyleaf aster, tanseyleaf goldenweed, tanseyleaf tansyaster Machaeranthera tanacetifolia Present Native - -
three-tooth ragwort Packera tridenticulata Present Native - -
thymeleaf sandmat, thyme-leaf sandmat Chamaesyce serpyllifolia Present Native - -
thymeleaf sandmat, thyme-leaf sandmat, thymeleaf spurge Chamaesyce serpyllifolia ssp. serpyllifolia Present Native - -
threadleaf sedge Carex filifolia Present Native - -
tumble windmill grass Chloris verticillata Present Native - -
thin paspalum Paspalum setaceum Present Native - -
tumble grass, tumbleggrass, tumblegrass Schedonnardus paniculatus Present Native - -
tall dropseed Sporobolus compositus Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
velvetweed Gaura mollis Present Native - -
Virginia wild rye, Virginia wildrye Elymus virginicus Present Native - -
vine mesquite Panicum obtusum Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
western daisy fleabane, western fleabane Erigeron bellidiastrum Present Native - -
white heath aster Symphyotrichum ericoides Present Native - -
western wallflower Erysimum asperum Present Native - -
Watson's goosefoot Chenopodium watsonii Present Native - -
white sweetclover Melilotus alba Present Non-native - -
Whorled milkweed Asclepias subverticillata Present Native - -
white penstemon Penstemon albidus Present Native - -
woolly Indianwheat, woolly plantain Plantago patagonica Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow sweetclover Melilotus officinalis Present Non-native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Bleached Skimmer Libellula composita Present - - - -
blue dasher Pachydiplax longipennis Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
- - Celastrina neglecta Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern pondhawk Erythemis simplicicollis Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
familiar bluet Enallagma civile Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
- - Libellula lydia Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Monarch, monarch butterfly Danaus plexippus Present - - - -
mourning cloak Nymphalis antiopa Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
twelve-spotted skimmer Libellula pulchella Present - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Widow Skimmer Libellula luctuosa Present - - - -