Theodore Roosevelt National Park

Rank: 104

Park Description

When Theodore Roosevelt came to Dakota Territory to hunt bison in 1883, he was a skinny, young, spectacled dude from New York. He could not have imagined how his adventure in this remote and unfamiliar place would forever alter the course of the nation. The rugged landscape and strenuous life that TR experienced here would help shape a conservation policy that we still benefit from today.

Park Address

Superintendent PO Box 7

Medora, ND, 58645

Theodore Roosevelt National Park Activites











Species in Theodore Roosevelt National Park by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in Theodore Roosevelt National Park. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American bison, bison Bos bison Present Native Common
American Beaver, Beaver, Canadian Beaver Castor canadensis Present Native Common
Arizona black-tailed prairie dog, Black-tailed Prairie Dog Cynomys ludovicianus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bighorn sheep, Bighorn Sheep Ovis canadensis Present Native Common
bobcat Lynx rufus Present Native Common
Black-footed Ferret Mustela nigripes Not In Park Native - -
badger Taxidea taxus Present Native Common
big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus Probably Present Native - -
bushy-tailed woodrat Neotoma cinerea Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
coyote Canis latrans Present Native Common
Canada Lynx Lynx canadensis Unconfirmed Native - -
Cougar, mountain lion, Puma Puma concolor Present Native Uncommon
common otter, North American River Otter, northern river otter, river otter Lontra canadensis Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Muskrat, Muskrat, Musquash, Water Rat Ondatra zibethicus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Domestic Cow Bos taurus Present Non-native Unknown
Domestic Cat Felis catus Not In Park Non-native - -
desert cottontail Sylvilagus audubonii Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
elk, Red Deer (see comments), wapiti, wapiti or elk Cervus elaphus Present Native Abundant
Eastern Timber Wolf, Gray Wolf, Timber Wolf Canis lupus Not In Park Native - -
eastern red bat Lasiurus borealis Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Present Native Common
eastern gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern fox squirrel Sciurus niger Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus Probably Present Native - -
Horse Equus caballus Present Non-native Common
Hedgehog, Porcupine Erethizon dorsatum Present Native Common
house mouse Mus musculus Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata Present Native Unknown
least weasel Mustela nivalis Present Native Unknown
long-eared myotis Myotis evotis Probably Present Native - -
little brown bat Myotis lucifugus Present Native Unknown
Long-legged Myotis Myotis volans Probably Present Native - -
Least Chipmunk Tamias minimus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Moose Alces alces Present Native Rare
mule deer Odocoileus hemionus Present Native Common
mink Mustela vison Present Native Unknown
Mountain Cottontail, Nuttall's cottontail Sylvilagus nuttallii Probably Present Native - -
meadow jumping mouse Zapus hudsonius Probably Present Native - -
meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus Present Native Common
Masked Shrew Sorex cinereus Unconfirmed Native - -
Merriam's Shrew Sorex merriami Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern bat Myotis septentrionalis Probably Present Native - -
Northern Pocket Gopher Thomomys talpoides Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ord's kangaroo rat Dipodomys ordii Unconfirmed Native - -
Olive-backed Pocket Mouse Perognathus fasciatus Probably Present Native - -
orthern grasshopper mouse Onychomys leucogaster Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pronghorn, Pronghorn Antilocapra americana Present Native Common
prairie vole Microtus ochrogaster Present Native Common
prairie deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red fox Vulpes vulpes Present Native Unknown
raccoon Procyon lotor Present Native Unknown
Richardson's ground squirrel Spermophilus richardsonii Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
swift fox Vulpes velox Unconfirmed Native - -
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis Present Native Unknown
silver-haired bat Lasionycteris noctivagans Probably Present Native - -
Snowshoe Hare, Varying Hare Lepus americanus Unconfirmed Native - -
sagebrush vole Lemmiscus curtatus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
thirteen-lined ground squirrel Spermophilus tridecemlineatus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Present Native Common
western small-footed bat Myotis ciliolabrum Probably Present Native - -
white-tailed jack rabbit, White-tailed Jackrabbit Lepus townsendii Present Native Unknown
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Present Native Common
western harvest mouse Reithrodontomys megalotis Probably Present Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Golden Eagle, Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos Present Native Unknown
American Rough-legged Hawk, Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus Present Native Unknown
American Pintail, Northern Pintail, Pintail Anas acuta Present Native Unknown
American Wigeon, Baldpate Anas americana Present Native Unknown
American Golden-eye, Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula Unconfirmed Native - -
American Merganser, Common Merganser Mergus merganser Unconfirmed Native - -
American Black Tern, Black Tern Chlidonias niger Unconfirmed Native - -
American Herring Gull, Herring Gull Larus argentatus Present Native Unknown
American Avocet, Avocet Recurvirostra americana Unconfirmed Native - -
American Peregrine Falcon, Duck Hawk, Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Present Native Unknown
American Gyrfalcon, Gyrfalcon, White Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus Unconfirmed Native - -
american kestrel Falco sparverius Present Native Unknown
American Coot, Northern American Coot Fulica americana Unconfirmed Native - -
american crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Present Native Unknown
american tree sparrow Spizella arborea Present Native Unknown
american goldfinch Carduelis tristis Present Native Unknown
american redstart Setophaga ruticilla Present Native Unknown
american robin Turdus migratorius Present Native Unknown
Arkansas Kingbird, Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis Present Native Unknown
American White Pelican, White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Present Native Unknown
American Long-eared Owl, Long-eared Owl Asio otus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Buteonine Hawks Buteo - - - - - -
Bald Eagle, Northern Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Present Native Unknown
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Present Native Unknown
Bufflehead, Buffle-head Bucephala albeola Present Native Unknown
Blue Goose, Snow Goose Chen caerulescens Present Native Unknown
Bartramian Sandpiper, Upland Plover, Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda Present Native Unknown
Belted Kingfisher, Eastern Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Present Native Unknown
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus Present Native Unknown
Bohemian Waxwing, Greater Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus Present Native Unknown
Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea Present Native Unknown
Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus Present Native Unknown
Brown Creeper Certhia americana Present Native Unknown
blue jay Cyanocitta cristata Present Native Unknown
Black-billed Magpie Pica hudsonia Present Native Unknown
Baird's Sparrow Ammodramus bairdii Present Native Unknown
Brewer's Sparrow Spizella breweri Unconfirmed Native - -
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Unknown
Bank Swallow, Common Bank Swallow Riparia riparia Present Native Unknown
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus Present Native Unknown
Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus Present Native Unknown
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Unconfirmed Native - -
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Native Unknown
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Present Native Unknown
Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus Present Native Unknown
black-throated blue warbler Dendroica caerulescens Unconfirmed Native - -
bay-breasted warbler Dendroica castanea Unconfirmed Native - -
blackpoll warbler Dendroica striata Unconfirmed Native - -
black-and-white warbler Mniotilta varia Present Native Unknown
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius Unconfirmed Native - -
Black-crowned Night Heron, Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Present Native Unknown
burrowing owl Athene cunicularia Present Native Unknown
barred owl Strix varia Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
cooper's hawk Accipiter cooperii Present Native Unknown
Common Mallard, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Present Native Unknown
Common White-fronted Goose, Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons Unconfirmed Native - -
Canvasback Aythya valisineria Unconfirmed Native - -
Canada Goose, Eastern Canada Goose Branta canadensis Present Native Unknown
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor Present Native Unknown
Common Poorwill Phalaenoptilus nuttallii Present Native Unknown
California Gull Larus californicus Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Tern, Northern Common Tern Sterna hirundo Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Peafowl, Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Common Partridge, European Gray Partridge, European Partridge, Gray Partridge Perdix perdix Present Non-native Unknown
cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Present Native Unknown
Common Raven, Northern Raven, Raven Corvus corax Present Native Unknown
Clark's Nutcracker Nucifraga columbiana Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Lapland Longspur, Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus Present Native Unknown
Chestnut-collared Longspur Calcarius ornatus Present Native Unknown
Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida Present Native Unknown
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present Native Unknown
Common Redpoll, Greater Redpoll, Mealy Redpoll Carduelis flammea Present Native Unknown
Coues' Hoary Redpoll, Hoary Redpoll Carduelis hornemanni Present Native Unknown
Cassin's Finch Carpodacus cassinii Present Native Unknown
Canadian Pine Grosbeak, Newfoundland Pine Grosbeak, Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator Present Native Unknown
Cliff Swallow, Eastern Cliff Swallow, Eave Swallow, Northern Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Present Native Unknown
common grackle Quiscalus quiscula Present Native Unknown
common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Present Native Unknown
canada warbler Wilsonia canadensis Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Dickcissel Spiza americana Present Native Unknown
dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis Present Native Unknown
downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens Present Native Unknown
Double-crested Cormorant, Northern Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Goshawk, Goshawk, Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Present Native Unknown
Eastern Willet, Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Solitary Sandpiper, Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Pigeon Hawk, Merlin, Pigeon Hawk Falco columbarius Present Native Unknown
Eastern Lark Sparrow, Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus Present Native Unknown
Eastern Savannah Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Present Native Unknown
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Snow Bunting, Snow Bunting, Snowflake Plectrophenax nivalis Present Native Unknown
Eastern Vesper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Present Native Unknown
evening grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus Present Native Unknown
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present Non-native Unknown
eastern bluebird Sialia sialis Present Native Unknown
eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Present Native Unknown
eastern screech-owl Megascops asio Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis Present Native Unknown
Franklin's Gull Larus pipixcan Unconfirmed Native - -
Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri Unconfirmed Native - -
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca Unconfirmed Native - -
field sparrow Spizella pusilla Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca Present Native Unknown
Gadwall Anas strepera Present Native Unknown
Glaucous Gull X Herring Gull (hybrid), Herring Gull X Lesser Black-backed Gull (hybrid) Larus - - - - - -
Greater Yellowlegs, Greater Yellow-legs Tringa melanoleuca Unconfirmed Native - -
greater sage-grouse Centrocercus urophasianus Unconfirmed Native - -
grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum Present Native Unknown
Gray-crowned rosy-finch Leucosticte tephrocotis Present Native Unknown
Great Gray Shrike, Northern Shrike Lanius excubitor Present Native Unknown
gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis Present Native Unknown
golden-crowned kinglet Regulus satrapa Unconfirmed Native - -
gray-cheeked thrush Catharus minimus Unconfirmed Native - -
great crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Unconfirmed Native - -
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present Native Unknown
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
horned lark Eremophila alpestris Present Native Unknown
Harris' Sparrow, Harris's Sparrow Zonotrichia querula Present Native Unknown
house sparrow Passer domesticus Present Non-native Unknown
house wren Troglodytes aedon Present Native Unknown
hairy woodpecker Picoides villosus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Killdeer, Northern Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lesser Scaup, Lesser Scaup Duck Aythya affinis Unconfirmed Native - -
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla Unconfirmed Native - -
Long-billed Curlew, Southern Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus Present Native Unknown
Lesser Yellowlegs, Lesser Yellow-legs Tringa flavipes Present Native Unknown
Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena Present Native Unknown
Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys Present Native Unknown
Lincoln's Sparrow, Northern Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Unconfirmed Native - -
loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus Present Native Unknown
least flycatcher Empidonax minimus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mountain Plover Charadrius montanus Unconfirmed Native - -
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Unknown
McCown's Longspur Calcarius mccownii Unconfirmed Native - -
Mockingbirds Mimus - - - - - -
mourning warbler Oporornis philadelphia Present Native Unknown
Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Present Native Unknown
Northern shoveler, Shoveller Anas clypeata Present Native Unknown
Northern Ruddy Duck, Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Unconfirmed Native - -
northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Present Native Unknown
Northern Waterthrush, Northern Water-Thrush Seiurus noveboracensis Present Native Unknown
nashville warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Unconfirmed Native - -
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present Native Unknown
Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus Present Native Unknown
Northern Short-eared Owl, Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
osprey Pandion haliaetus Present Native Unknown
orchard oriole Icterus spurius Present Native Unknown
Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla Present Native Unknown
orange-crowned warbler Vermivora celata Present Native Unknown
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos Unconfirmed Native - -
Prairie Falcon Falco mexicanus Present Native Unknown
Pheasant, Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Present Non-native Unknown
Pine siskin Carduelis pinus Present Native Unknown
purple finch Carpodacus purpureus Present Native Unknown
palm warbler Dendroica palmarum Unconfirmed Native - -
Philadelphia vireo Vireo philadelphicus Unconfirmed Native - -
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present Native Unknown
Redhead Aythya americana Unconfirmed Native - -
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Unconfirmed Native - -
ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris Present Native Unknown
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Unconfirmed Native - -
rock dove Columba livia Present Non-native Unknown
rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus Unconfirmed Native - -
Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra Unconfirmed Native - -
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Unknown
rusty blackbird Euphagus carolinus Present Native Unknown
ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula Present Native Unknown
red-breasted nuthatch Sitta canadensis Present Native Unknown
Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus Present Native Unknown
red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus Present Native Unknown
red-headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sharp-shinned hawk Accipiter striatus Present Native Unknown
Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni Present Native Unknown
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius Present Native Unknown
Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla Unconfirmed Native - -
Sharp-tailed Grouse Tympanuchus phasianellus Present Native Unknown
Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis Present Native Unknown
Sora Rail, Sora Porzana carolina Unconfirmed Native - -
Smith's Longspur Calcarius pictus Unconfirmed Native - -
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Present Native Unknown
Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus Present Native Unknown
Sprague's Pipit Anthus spragueii Present Native Unknown
swainson's thrush Catharus ustulatus Present Native Unknown
Say's Phoebe Sayornis saya Present Native Unknown
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus Unconfirmed Native - -
Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Unknown
Tundra Swan, Whistling Swan Cygnus columbianus Unconfirmed Native - -
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Present Native Unknown
tufted titmouse Baeolophus bicolor Present Native Unknown
tennessee warbler Vermivora peregrina Unconfirmed Native - -
Townsend's Solitaire Myadestes townsendi Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Violet-green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina Present Native Unknown
veery Catharus fuscescens Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Wood Duck Aix sponsa Present Native Unknown
Wilson's Snipe Gallinago delicata Unconfirmed Native - -
Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor Present Native Unknown
Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo Present Non-native Unknown
Whooping Crane Grus americana Unconfirmed Native - -
white-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Unconfirmed Native - -
white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Present Native Unknown
Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta Present Native Unknown
wilson's warbler Wilsonia pusilla Present Native Unknown
white-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Present Native Unknown
Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana Unconfirmed Native - -
western wood-pewee Contopus sordidulus Present Native Unknown
willow flycatcher Empidonax traillii Unconfirmed Native - -
warbling vireo Vireo gilvus Present Native Unknown
Western Screech-Owl Megascops kennicottii Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Unconfirmed Native - -
Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Present Native Unknown
yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata Present Native Unknown
yellow warbler Dendroica petechia Present Native Unknown
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens Present Native Unknown
yellow-throated vireo Vireo flavifrons Present Native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
black racer Coluber constrictor Present Native Unknown
Bullsnake, Gopher Snake Pituophis catenifer Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
common sagebrush lizard Sceloporus graciosus Present Native Unknown
common snapping turtle Chelydra serpentina Present Native Unknown
Central Painted Turtle, Eastern Painted Turtle, Midland Painted Turtle, Painted Turtle Chrysemys picta Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Smooth Green Snake, Smooth Green Snake, Smooth-scaled Green Snake Liochlorophis vernalis Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Greater Short-horned Lizard, Hernandez's Short-horned Lizard, Mountain Short-horned Lizard Phrynosoma hernandesi Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
plains garter snake Thamnophis radix Present Native Unknown
Prairie Rattlesnake, Western Rattlesnake Crotalus viridis Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Smooth Softshell, smooth softshell turtle Apalone mutica Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
western hog-nosed snake Heterodon nasicus Present Native Unknown
Western Ribbonsnake Thamnophis proximus Not In Park Unknown - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Boreal Chorus Frog Pseudacris maculata Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Frog, Leopard Frog, Meadow Frog, Northern Leopard Frog Rana pipiens Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern tiger salamander Ambystoma tigrinum Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Great Plains toad Bufo cognatus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
plains spadefoot Spea bombifrons Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
rocky mountain toad Bufo woodhousii Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
- - Scaphiopus hammondii Not In Park Unknown - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
brassy minnow Hybognathus hankinsoni Present Native Unknown
Burbot, Eelpout Lota lota Present Native Unknown
brook stickleback Culaea inconstans Present Unknown Unknown
Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus Present Non-native Unknown
black bullhead Ameiurus melas Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
common carp Cyprinus carpio Present Non-native Unknown
creek chub Semotilus atromaculatus Present Native Unknown
Channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
emerald shiner Notropis atherinoides Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fathead Minnow Pimephales promelas Present Native Unknown
flathead chub Platygobio gracilis Present Native Unknown
freshwater drum Aplodinotus grunniens Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Golden Shiner Notemigonus crysoleucas Present Native Unknown
goldeye Hiodon alosoides Present Native Unknown
Green Sunfish Lepomis cyanellus Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Iowa darter Etheostoma exile Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
longnose sucker Catostomus catostomus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
lake chub Couesius plumbeus Present Unknown Unknown
longnose dace Rhinichthys cataractae Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mississippi silvery minnow Hybognathus nuchalis Not In Park Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Northern Redbelly Dace, Red-bellied Dace Phoxinus eos Present Native Unknown
Northern pike Esox lucius Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
plains minnow Hybognathus placitus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
river carpsucker Carpiodes carpio Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
shorthead redhorse Moxostoma macrolepidotum Present Native Unknown
sturgeon chub Macrhybopsis gelida Unconfirmed Native - -
sand shiner Notropis stramineus Present Native Unknown
sauger Sander canadensis Present Native Unknown
stonecat Noturus flavus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white sucker Catostomus commersonii Present Unknown Unknown
western silver minnow Hybognathus argyritis Present Native Unknown
walleye Sander vitreus Present Native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
alisma graminoide, Geyer waterplantain, grass-leaved water plantain, grasslike waterplantain, narrowleaf water plantain, narrow-leaf water-plantain Alisma gramineum Present Native Uncommon
arumleaf arrowhead, arum-leaf arrowhead, nothern arrowhead, wapato Sagittaria cuneata Present Native Occasional
asparagus Asparagus officinalis Present Non-native Uncommon
annual ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia Unconfirmed Native - -
absinth wormwood Artemisia absinthium Present Non-native Occasional
ashy goldenrod, soft goldenrod, velvety goldenrod, woolly goldenrod Solidago mollis Present Native Common
aromatic aster Symphyotrichum oblongifolium Present Native Occasional
alkaline bladderpod, alpine bladderpod Lesquerella alpina Present Native Uncommon
arid goosefoot, aridland goosefoot, desert goosefoot, narrowleaf goosefoot Chenopodium desiccatum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
American Sea Blite Suaeda calceoliformis Present Native Occasional
alpine golden buckwheat, yellow eriogonum Eriogonum flavum Present Native Common
Alpine golden wild buckwheat Eriogonum flavum var. flavum Present Native Unknown
American bittersweet Celastrus scandens Present Native Uncommon
American dogwood, red osier Cornus sericea ssp. sericea Present Native Occasional
alkali poisonvetch, cream milkvetch, cream milk-vetch, creamy loco Astragalus racemosus Present Native Unknown
American licorice, licorice, wild licorice Glycyrrhiza lepidota Present Native Common
American bird's-foot trefoil, American bird's-foot-trefoil, prairie trefoil, Spanish clover Lotus unifoliolatus var. unifoliolatus Present Native Uncommon
Alfalfa, Lucerne Medicago sativa Present Non-native Common
alfalfa Medicago sativa ssp. sativa Present Non-native Unknown
American deervetch, American purple vetch, American vetch Vicia americana Present Native Unknown
American Germander Teucrium canadense Present Native Occasional
autumn waterstarwort, autumn water-starwort, northern waterstarwort, northern water-starwort, scarlet waterstarwort Callitriche hermaphroditica Present Native Uncommon
Autumn willow-herb Epilobium brachycarpum Present Native Uncommon
awned sedge, slough sedge, wheat sedge Carex atherodes Present Native Occasional
American Great Bulrush Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani Present Native Occasional
Arctic rush Juncus arcticus Unconfirmed Native - -
- - Agropyron cristatum Present Non-native Common
American sloughgrass, slough grass Beckmannia syzigachne Present Native Uncommon
awnless brome, smooth brome Bromus inermis Present Unknown Unknown
alkali muhly, scratchgrass Muhlenbergia asperifolia Present Native Occasional
alkali cordgrass Spartina gracilis Present Native Occasional
alkali sacaton, alkali-sacaton Sporobolus airoides Present Native Uncommon
Avens Geum canadense Present Native Unknown
American plum Prunus americana Present Native Uncommon
Arkansas rose, prairie rose, prairie wildrose, wild rose Rosa arkansana Present Native Unknown
American elm Ulmus americana Present Native Common
American watermilfoil, shortspike watermilfoil, Siberian water-milfoil Myriophyllum sibiricum Present Native Uncommon
alumroot Heuchera richardsonii Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
baby pondweed, small pondweed Potamogeton pusillus Present Native Uncommon
biscuitroot, carrot-leaf desert-parsley, desert biscuitroot Lomatium foeniculaceum Present Native Common
Black Snakeroot, Sanicle Sanicula marilandica Present Native Occasional
beargrass, Great Plains yucca, small soapweed, soapweed yucca, Spanish bayonet, yucca Yucca glauca Present Native Common
biennial sagewort, biennial wormwood Artemisia biennis Present Non-native Occasional
big sagebrush, big sagebush Artemisia tridentata Present Native Uncommon
Beggar Ticks, Stick-tight Bidens frondosa Present Native Uncommon
branching conyza, dwarf horseweed Conyza ramosissima Present Native Unknown
blacksamson, blacksamson echinacea Echinacea angustifolia Present Native Common
broom snakeweed, broomweed, perennial snakeweed, stinkweed, turpentine weed, yellow top Gutierrezia sarothrae Present Native Common
burweed marshelder, carelessweed, false ragweed, giant marshelder, giant sumpweed, horseweed, marshelder, rag sumpweed Iva xanthifolia Present Native Uncommon
biannual lettuce, Louisiana lettuce, wild lettuce Lactuca ludoviciana Present Native Common
Blue lettuce Lactuca tatarica var. pulchella Present Native Occasional
blue lettuce Mulgedium oblongifolium Present Native - -
blackeyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta Present Native Uncommon
blowball, common dandelion, dandelion, faceclock Taraxacum officinale Present Non-native Common
buttecandle, minerscandle Cryptantha celosioides Present Native Common
Blue mustard Chorispora tenella Probably Present Unknown - -
bog marshcress, bog yellowcress, common yellowcress, marsh yellowcress, marshcress, yellow watercress Rorippa palustris Present Native Uncommon
bee spiderflower, Rocky Mountain beeplant Cleome serrulata Present Native Occasional
burningbush, common kochia, fireweed, Mexican burningbush, Mexican fireweed, Mexican-fireweed, mock cypress, summercypress Kochia scoparia Present Non-native - -
brittle cactus, brittle pricklypear, fragile cactus, jumping cactus, little pricklypear Opuntia fragilis Present Native - -
bractpod chickweed, mouse-ear chickweed, shortstalk chickweed, short-stalk mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium brachypodum Present Native - -
Blunt-leaved or Grove Sandwort Moehringia lateriflora Present Native Uncommon
BLADDER CAMPION Silene cserei Present Non-native Uncommon
black bindweed Polygonum convolvulus Present Non-native Common
bracted spiderwort, longbract spiderwort Tradescantia bracteata Present Native Occasional
bushy blazingstar, Nevada blazingstar, scattered blazingstar Mentzelia dispersa Present Native Unknown
Bar Harbor Juniper, Creeping Juniper Juniperus horizontalis Present Native Common
Bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Present Native Uncommon
ballhead gilia, ballhead ipomopsis, ballhead skyrocket, ball-head skyrocket Ipomopsis congesta Present Native Uncommon
bigtop dalea, nine-anther dalea, nineanther prairie clover, nineanther prairieclover, nine-anther prairie-clover Dalea enneandra Present Native Uncommon
boreal sweetvetch, boreal sweet-vetch, northern sweetvetch, sweetvetch, Utah sweetvetch Hedysarum boreale Present Native Common
Black Medick Medicago lupulina Present Non-native Common
breadroot scurfpea, Indian breadroot, large Indian breadroot Pediomelum esculentum Present Native Common
Beaked Hazelnut Corylus cornuta Unconfirmed Unknown - -
bur oak Quercus macrocarpa Unconfirmed Native - -
blue giant hyssop, blue giant-hyssop Agastache foeniculum Present Native Uncommon
Butter-and-eggs Linaria vulgaris Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Blue toadflax Nuttallanthus canadensis Unconfirmed Native - -
beardtongue Penstemon Present - - - -
broadbeard beardtongue, broad-beard beardtongue, narrowleaf penstemon Penstemon angustifolius Present Native Occasional
bigbract verbena, bracted vervain, carpet vervain, prostrate verbena, prostrate vervain Verbena bracteata Present Native Occasional
Blue Ridge carrion-flower Smilax lasioneura Present Native Occasional
blue flax, Lewis' blue flax, Lewis' flax, prairie flax Linum lewisii Present Unknown Unknown
Balsam Poplar Populus balsamifera Present Native Uncommon
blackjack pine, bull pine, ponderosa pine, rock pine, western yellow pine Pinus ponderosa Present Native Uncommon
brevior sedge, fescue sedge, shortbeak sedge Carex brevior Present Native Occasional
bristleleaf sedge, bristle-leaf sedge Carex eburnea Present Native Unknown
bald spikerush, bald spike-rush, spikesedge Eleocharis erythropoda Present Native Uncommon
Baltic rush Juncus balticus Present Native Common
big bluestem Andropogon gerardii Present Native Common
blue grama Bouteloua gracilis Present Native Common
Bromegrass Bromus tectorum Present Non-native Common
buffalograss Buchloe dactyloides Present Native Common
Barnyard Grass Echinochloa crus-galli Present Non-native Occasional
bearded wheatgrass, bearded wild rye Elymus caninus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
bottlebrush squirreltail, squirreltail, western bottle-brush grass Elymus elymoides Unconfirmed Unknown - -
bottlebrush squirreltail, squirreltail Elymus elymoides ssp. elymoides Present Native Unknown
Bearded Wheatgrass Elymus trachycaulus Present Native - -
bearded wheatgrass, slender wheatgrass, slender wild rye Elymus trachycaulus ssp. subsecundus Present Native Common
Bulbous bluegrass Poa bulbosa Unconfirmed Non-native - -
big bluegrass, Sandberg bluegrass, Sandberg's bluegrass Poa secunda Present Native Common
bluebunch wheatgrass, bluebunch-wheat grass Pseudoroegneria spicata ssp. spicata Present Native Uncommon
broadfruit burreed, broadfruit bur-reed, broad-fruit burr-reed, giant burreed Sparganium eurycarpum Present Native Occasional
broadleaf cattail Typha latifolia Present Native Occasional
bur buttercup, curveseed butterwort, curve-seed-butterwort Ceratocephala testiculata Present Non-native Unknown
blister buttercup Ranunculus sceleratus Present Unknown Unknown
bigflower cinquefoil Potentilla fissa Present Native - -
bushy cinquefoil, Paradox cinquefoil Potentilla paradoxa Unconfirmed Native - -
bastard toadflax Comandra umbellata Present Native Unknown
bastard toadflax, common toadflax, pale bastard toadflax, pine bastard toadflax Comandra umbellata ssp. pallida Present Native Common
boxelder Acer negundo Present Native Common
black henbane, henbane Hyoscyamus niger Present Non-native Occasional
Buffalo Bur Solanum rostratum Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Arrrowhead Sagittaria latifolia Present Native Occasional
Common Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium angustifolium Present Native Unknown
common yarrow Achillea millefolium Present Native Unknown
Cuman ragweed, perennial ragweed, western ragweed Ambrosia psilostachya Present Native Occasional
common broomweed, prairie broomweed Amphiachyris dracunculoides Not In Park Unknown - -
Common Burdock Arctium minus Present Non-native - -
common sagewort, field sagewort, Pacific wormwood, wormwood sagewort Artemisia campestris Unconfirmed Native - -
Coaltown sagebrush, silver sagebrush Artemisia cana ssp. cana Unconfirmed Native - -
cudweed sagewort, gray sagewort, Louisiana sagewort, Louisiana wormwood, mugwort wormwood, prairie sage, white sagebrush Artemisia ludoviciana Present Native Common
Canada Thistle Cirsium arvense Present Non-native Common
Canada Thistle Cirsium canadensis Not In Park Unknown - -
Canadian horseweed Conyza canadensis Present Native Common
curlycup gumweed, curlytop gumweed, gumweed, rosinweed, tarweed Grindelia squarrosa Present Native Common
Common Sunflower Helianthus annuus Present Native Occasional
cutleaf, fineleaf hymenopappus, fine-leaf woollywhite Hymenopappus filifolius Present Native Unknown
Chalk Hill hymenopappus, chalkhill woollywhite, Chalkhill woolywhite Hymenopappus tenuifolius Present Native Unknown
Colorado rubberweed, pingue, pingue hymenoxys, pingue rubberweed Hymenoxys richardsonii Unconfirmed Native - -
China lettuce, prickly lettuce, wild lettuce Lactuca serriola Present Non-native Unknown
Canada Goldenrod Solidago canadensis Present Native Unknown
Canadian goldenrod Solidago canadensis var. scabra Present Native Unknown
common salsify, goat's beard, goatsbeard, meadow goat's-beard, salsifis majeur, salsify, western goat's beard, western salsify, wild oysterplant, yellow goat's beard, yellow salsify Tragopogon dubius Present Non-native Common
cowpen daisy Verbesina encelioides Unconfirmed Non-native - -
cut-leaf ironplant, lacy tansyaster, spiny goldenweed Xanthisma spinulosum Present Native - -
cocklebur Xanthium strumarium Present Native - -
Canada cocklebur, Canada cockleburr, cocklebur, common cocklebur, rough cocklebur, rough cockleburr Xanthium strumarium var. canadense Present Native Occasional
Carolina draba, Carolina whitlowgrass, creeping draba Draba reptans Present Native Unknown
Clasping pepperwort Lepidium perfoliatum Present Non-native Uncommon
Common twinpod Physaria didymocarpa Present Native Occasional
common clammy-weed Polanisia dodecandra Present Native Uncommon
Common Saltwort Salsola kali Present Non-native Common
common chickweed, longstem chickweed, nodding chickweed, nodding mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium nutans Present Native Common
creeping nailwort, low nailwort, nailwort, stemless nailwort Paronychia sessiliflora Present Native Uncommon
colored smartweed, devil's shoestring, longroot smartweed, swamp smartweed, tanweed Polygonum amphibium var. emersum Present Native Uncommon
curltop ladysthumb, curlytop knotweed, curlytop smartweed, dock-leaf smartweed, nodding smartweed, pale smartweed Polygonum lapathifolium Present Native Uncommon
Curly dock Rumex crispus Present Non-native Common
common juniper, dwarf juniper Juniperus communis Present Native Unknown
cock's-head, field milkvetch, purple milkvetch Astragalus agrestis Present Native Occasional
Carolina Cranesbill Geranium carolinianum Present Native Uncommon
Catnip Nepeta cataria Present Non-native Occasional
clustered broomrape, clustered broom-rape, purple broomrape, tufted broomrape Orobanche fasciculata Present Native Occasional
clammy hedgehyssop, clammy hedge-hyssop, drug hedgehyssop, hedge hyssop, neglected hedgehyssop Gratiola neglecta Present Native Uncommon
Common Plantain Plantago major Present Native Common
coyote willow, desert willow, narrowleaf willow, sandbar willow Salix exigua Present Native Occasional
CANADA VIOLET Viola canadensis var. rugulosa Present Native Common
cheeseweed mallow Malva parviflora Unconfirmed Non-native - -
copper mallow, orange globemallow, red falsemallow, scarlet globemallow Sphaeralcea coccinea Present Native Common
common evening primrose Oenothera biennis Unconfirmed Native - -
Cut-leaved Evening Primrose Oenothera laciniata Unconfirmed Native - -
common yellow oxalis Oxalis stricta Present Native Occasional
carex, sedge, sedge species, sedges Carex Present - - - -
common fox sedge Carex vulpinoidea Present Native Unknown
chairmaker's bulrush Schoenoplectus americanus Unconfirmed Native - -
cosmopolitan bulrush Schoenoplectus maritimus Probably Present Native - -
common threesquare Schoenoplectus pungens var. pungens Present Native Occasional
common rush Juncus effusus Present Native Unknown
Canada wildrye Elymus canadensis Present Native Occasional
Common Reed Phragmites australis Present Native Unknown
Canada bluegrass Poa compressa Present Non-native Common
Cusick's bluegrass Poa cusickii Unconfirmed Unknown - -
common rivergrass, rivergrass Scolochloa festucacea Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Canada anemone, Canadian anemone Anemone canadensis Present Native Unknown
cutleaf anemone Anemone patens var. multifida Present Native - -
Common Hop Humulus lupulus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
common hop Humulus lupulus var. lupuloides Present Native Unknown
Cinquefoil Potentilla concinna Unconfirmed Native - -
cinquefoil Potentilla pensylvanica Present Native Unknown
Choke Cherry Prunus virginiana Present Native Common
Chinese elm Ulmus pumila Unconfirmed Non-native - -
clove currant, golden currant Ribes aureum var. villosum Present Native Common
Canadian gooseberry, inland gooseberry, redshoot gooseberries Ribes oxyacanthoides ssp. setosum Present Native - -
creeping jenny, European bindweed, field bindweed, perennial morningglory, smallflowered morningglory Convolvulus arvensis Present Non-native Occasional
Common Dodder, Love Vine Cuscuta gronovii Present Native Uncommon
clammy ground-cherry Physalis heterophylla Present Native Uncommon
cutleaf nightshade, cut-leaf nightshade Solanum triflorum Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
- - Dieteria canescens var. canescens Present Native - -
dogbane dyssodia, dogweed, fetid dogweed, fetid marigold, fetid-marigold, prairie dogweed Dyssodia papposa Present Native Common
daisy, fleabane Erigeron Present - - - -
dotted blazing star, dotted gayfeather Liatris punctata Present Native Common
desert stickseed, flat-spine sheepburr, flatspine stickseed, western stickseed Lappula occidentalis var. occidentalis Present Native Occasional
desert alyssum, desert madwort Alyssum desertorum Present Non-native - -
double twinpod Physaria brassicoides Present Native Occasional
desert goosefoot Chenopodium pratericola Present Native Unknown
Dooryard Knotweed Polygonum arenastrum Present Non-native Common
Doorweed, Common Knotgrass Polygonum aviculare Present Non-native Common
DOUGLAS' KNOTWEED Polygonum douglasii Present Native - -
devil's shoestring, erect knotweed, wireweed Polygonum erectum Present Native Common
dune scurfpea, lemon scurfpea, wild lemonweed Psoralidium lanceolatum Present Native Uncommon
Drummond's false pennyroyal, Drummond's pennyroyal Hedeoma drummondii Present Native Common
downy paintedcup, Great Plains Indian paintbrush, Indian paintbrush Castilleja sessiliflora Present Native Occasional
Dalmation toadflax Linaria dalmatica Unconfirmed Non-native - -
death camas, meadow deathcamas Zigadenus venenosus Unconfirmed Native - -
deer sedge Carex hallii Present Native Unknown
Desert wheatgrass Agropyron desertorum Probably Present Unknown - -
desert saltgrass, inland saltgrass, marsh spikegrass, saltgrass, seashore saltgrass Distichlis spicata Present Native Common
devil's darning needles Clematis virginiana Present Native Occasional
ditch stonecrop, Virginia penthorum Penthorum sedoides Present Native Uncommon
dense clubmoss, lesser spikemoss, small clubmoss Selaginella densa Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern lomatium, Northern Idaho biscuitroot, oriental desert-parsley Lomatium orientale Present Native Uncommon
- - Erigeron glabellus ssp. pubescens Present Native Unknown
European Stickseed Lappula squarrosa Present Non-native Unknown
evening starflower, gumbo-lily, tenpetal blazingstar, tenpetal mentzelia, tenpetal stickleaf Mentzelia decapetala Present Native Occasional
EXPLORERS GENTIAN Gentiana affinis Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern beebalm, wildbergamot beebalm Monarda bradburiana Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Eyebane, Upright Spotted Spurge Chamaesyce maculata Present Native Unknown
eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides Present Native Unknown
eastern cottonwood, plains cottonwood Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera Present Native Common
Emory's sedge Carex emoryi Present Native Unknown
eight-flower six-weeks grass, pullout grass, sixweeks fescue, sixweeks grass Vulpia octoflora Present Native - -
eight-flower six-weeks grass, sixweeks fescue Vulpia octoflora var. octoflora Present Native Uncommon
eastern pasqueflower Anemone patens Present Native Unknown
early woodbuttercup Ranunculus abortivus Present Native Occasional
eastern white water-crowfoot, longbeak buttercup, long-beak water-crowfoot Ranunculus longirostris Present Native Uncommon
eastern poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans Not In Park Unknown - -
eastern poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans ssp. radicans Unconfirmed Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
False Solomon's Seal Maianthemum racemosum Present Native Occasional
Field Pussytoes Antennaria neglecta Unconfirmed Unknown - -
false tarragon, green sagewort, silky wormwood, tarragon, wormwood Artemisia dracunculus Present Native Unknown
fringed sagebrush, fringed sagewort, prairie sagewort Artemisia frigida Present Native Common
false boneset Brickellia eupatorioides var. eupatorioides Present Native Unknown
Flodman's thistle Cirsium flodmanii Present Native Occasional
field cottonrose Logfia arvensis Present Non-native - -
Field Sow Thistle Sonchus arvensis Present Non-native Unknown
Flowering-straw Stephanomeria runcinata Present Native Uncommon
flat-spine sheepburr, flatspine stickseed Lappula occidentalis var. cupulata Present Native Occasional
fringed gromwell, fringed puccoon, narrowleaf gromwell, narrowleaf pucoon, narrowleaf stoneseed, trumpet stoneseed Lithospermum incisum Present Native Occasional
False Flax Camelina microcarpa Present Non-native Common
flaxweed tansymustard, flixweed, flixweed tansymustard, herb sophia, herb-sophia, pinnate tansymustard, tansymustard Descurainia sophia Present Non-native Common
false London rocket, small tumbleweed mustard, tall hedgemustard, tallhedge mustard Sisymbrium loeselii Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Field Pennycress Thlaspi arvense Present Non-native Common
fourwing saltbush Atriplex canescens Present Native Common
Fremont's goosefoot Chenopodium fremontii Present Native Occasional
Field Chickweed Cerastium arvense Present Native Common
four o'clock, linearleaf four-o'clock, narrowleaf four o'clock, narrowleaf four-o'clock Mirabilis linearis Present Native Uncommon
fewflower buckwheat, few-flower wild buckwheat, manybranch eriogonum Eriogonum pauciflorum Present Native Common
fewflower buckwheat, few-flower wild buckwheat Eriogonum pauciflorum var. pauciflorum Present Native Unknown
field horsetail Equisetum arvense Present Native Uncommon
Fringed Loosestrife Lysimachia ciliata Present Native Common
flexile milkvetch, pliant milkvetch, pliant milk-vetch Astragalus flexuosus Present Native Occasional
field locoweed, northern yellow locoweed, white smallflower pointloco Oxytropis campestris Present Native - -
false pennyroyal, falsepennyroyal, rough false pennyroyal, rough falsepennyroyal, rough pennyroyal Hedeoma hispida Present Native Common
fuzzytongue penstemon Penstemon eriantherus Present Native Occasional
flatstem spikerush, flat-stem spike-rush, flatstemmed spikesedge Eleocharis compressa Present Native Uncommon
Fly-away Grass Agrostis scabra Present Native Uncommon
Fendler threeawn, Fendler's threeawn, red threeawn, red threeawn (Fendler) Aristida purpurea var. longiseta Present Native Occasional
Fringed Brome Bromus ciliatus Present Native - -
fewanther obscuregrass, Heller's rosette grass Dichanthelium oligosanthes Present Native - -
fall panicum, fall rosette grass Dichanthelium wilcoxianum Present Native Occasional
fowl mannagrass Glyceria striata Present Native Uncommon
false buffalo grass, false buffalograss Monroa squarrosa Present Native Uncommon
Fowl Bluegrass Poa palustris Present Native Occasional
false melic, false melic grass Schizachne purpurascens Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Fresh-water Cord Grass Spartina pectinata Present Native Common
fragrant sumac Rhus aromatica Not In Park Unknown - -
FIELD-DODDER Cuscuta pentagona Present Native Unknown
frost grape Vitis vulpina Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Great Ragweed Ambrosia trifida Unconfirmed Unknown - -
gray thistle, wavyleaf thistle, wavy-leaf thistle Cirsium undulatum Present Native Occasional
Great blanket-flower Gaillardia aristata Present Native Uncommon
green Mexican-hat, green prairie coneflower, shortray prairie coneflower, shortray prairieconeflower Ratibida tagetes Unconfirmed Native - -
giant goldenrod Solidago gigantea Present Native Occasional
Gray Goldenrod Solidago nemoralis Present Native Unknown
goldenweed, thrift mock goldenweed, thrifty goldenweed Stenotus armerioides var. armerioides Present Native Uncommon
German madwort Asperugo procumbens Present Non-native Uncommon
green tansymustard, pinnate tansy mustard, pinnate tansymustard, tansymustard, western tansymustard Descurainia pinnata Present Native Common
Great Plains bladderpod Lesquerella arenosa Present Native Uncommon
Garden Radish Raphanus sativus Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Green Amaranth, Pigweed Amaranthus retroflexus Present Non-native Occasional
goosefoot Chenopodium Present - - - -
Greasewood Sarcobatus vermiculatus Present Native Occasional
Ground Juniper Juniperus communis var. depressa Present Native Common
ground-plum, groundplum milkvetch Astragalus crassicarpus Present Native Common
goldenpea, prairie thermopsis Thermopsis rhombifolia Present Native Common
green antelopehorn milkweed, green comet milkweed, green milkweed Asclepias viridiflora Present Native Occasional
green ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica Present Native Common
golden-tongue owl-clover, yellow owlclover, yellow owl's-clover Orthocarpus luteus Present Native Occasional
Gray Willow Salix humilis Present Native Uncommon
green bulrush Scirpus atrovirens Present Native Occasional
green muhly, marsh muhly Muhlenbergia racemosa Present Native Occasional
green needlegrass Nassella viridula Present Native Common
golden corydalis, scrambled eggs Corydalis aurea Present Native - -
Great Lakes sand cherry, western sandcherry Prunus pumila var. besseyi Present Native Occasional
gooseberry Ribes missouriense Unconfirmed Native - -
Ground-cherry nightshade Solanum sarrachoides Unconfirmed Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Horned Pondweed Zannichellia palustris Present Native Uncommon
hardheads, Russian knapweed, Turestan thistle Acroptilon repens Present Non-native Unknown
Hawksbeard Crepis runcinata Present Native Uncommon
hoary fleabane Erigeron canus Present Unknown - -
hairy false goldenaster, hairy false golden-aster Heterotheca villosa var. villosa Present Native Common
hoary aster, hoary goldenweed, hoary machaeranthera, hoary tansyaster, hoary tansy-aster, purple aster Machaeranthera canescens Unconfirmed Unknown - -
hoary tansyaster Machaeranthera canescens var. canescens Present Native Common
Harebell Campanula rotundifolia Present Native Common
hound's-tongue Cynoglossum officinale Present Non-native Uncommon
hoary puccoon Lithospermum canescens Present Native Occasional
Hairy Rock Cress Arabis hirsuta Present Native Uncommon
Holboell rockcress, Holboell's rockcress Arabis holboellii Present Native Unknown
Holboell's rockcress Boechera holboellii Present Native - -
Hare's Ear Mustard Conringia orientalis Present Non-native Uncommon
halberdleaf orach, orach saltbush, saline saltbush, spearscale, spreading orach Atriplex subspicata Unconfirmed Unknown - -
heart-leaf four-o'clock Mirabilis nyctaginea Present Native Uncommon
horsetail, scouring horsetail, scouringrush, scouringrush horsetail, tall scouring-rush, western scouringrush Equisetum hyemale Unconfirmed Native - -
horsetail, smooth horsetail, smooth scouringrush, smooth scouring-rush Equisetum laevigatum Present Native Occasional
Hood's phlox, spiny phlox Phlox hoodii Present Native Unknown
hophornbeam Ostrya virginiana Present Native - -
hoary verbena, hoary vervain, tall vervain, woolly verbena Verbena stricta Present Native Uncommon
horned spurge Euphorbia brachycera Present Native Unknown
halfshrub calylophus, halfshrub sundrop, serrateleaf eveningprimrose, yellow sundrops Calylophus serrulatus Present Native Common
halfshrub sundrop, whitest evening primrose, whitest eveningprimrose, whitest evening-primrose, white-stem evening-primrose Oenothera albicaulis Present Native Uncommon
hairy evening primrose, hairy eveningprimrose, hairy evening-primrose Oenothera villosa Present Native Uncommon
hairy evening primrose, hairy eveningprimrose, hairy evening-primrose Oenothera villosa ssp. strigosa Present Native Unknown
heavy sedge Carex gravida Present Native Unknown
hardstem bulrush, Tule bulrush Schoenoplectus acutus var. acutus Present Native Occasional
hairy grama Bouteloua hirsuta Present Native Rare
hotsprings panicum, hotsprings rosette grass, tapered rosette grass Dichanthelium acuminatum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Heller's rosette grass, Scribner panic, Scribner panicum, Scribners panicum, Scribner's panicum, Scribner's rosette grass Dichanthelium oligosanthes var. scribnerianum Probably Present Unknown - -
hairy wildrye Elymus villosus Probably Present Unknown - -
Hawthorn Crataegus chrysocarpa Present Native Occasional
horse cinquefoil, woolly cinquefoil Potentilla hippiana Present Native Uncommon
hedge false bindweed Calystegia sepium Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Indianhemp Apocynum cannabinum Present Native Unknown
inland rush Juncus interior Present Native Unknown
Indian ricegrass Achnatherum hymenoides Present Native Common
inland bluegrass Poa interior Present Native - -
inland bluegrass Poa nemoralis ssp. interior Present Native Unknown
Ill-scented Sumac, skunkbush Rhus trilobata Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
jointed rush, knotted rush Juncus nodosus Present Native Unknown
Japanese brome Bromus japonicus Present Non-native Common
junegrass, prairie Junegrass Koeleria macrantha Present Native Common
juneberry, Pacific serviceberry, Saskatoon serviceberry, western serviceberry, western shadbush Amelanchier alnifolia Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Kentucky bluegrass Poa pratensis Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
leafy musineon, leafy wild parsley, leafy wildparsley, wildparsley Musineon divaricatum Present Native Common
longstyle sweetroot Osmorhiza longistylis Present Native Occasional
littleleaf pussytoes, Rocky Mountain pussytoes, small leaf everlasting, smallleaf pussytoes Antennaria microphylla Present Native - -
longleaf sagebrush, longleaf wormwood Artemisia longifolia Present Native Uncommon
largeflower hawksbeard, large-flower hawk's-beard, western hawksbeard Crepis occidentalis Present Native Uncommon
Longleaf daisy Erigeron lonchophyllus Present Native Unknown
low daisy, low fleabane, shaggy fleabane Erigeron pumilus Present Native Occasional
lacy tansyaster Machaeranthera pinnatifida var. pinnatifida Present Native Uncommon
lambstongue groundsel, lambstongue ragwort, lamb-tongue ragwort Senecio integerrimus Present Native Occasional
lanceleaf bluebells, prairie bluebells Mertensia lanceolata Present Native Common
Louisiana bladderpod Lesquerella ludoviciana Present Native Uncommon
Lamb's Quarters, Pigweed Chenopodium album Present Unknown Unknown
leathery knotweed, striate knotweed Polygonum achoreum Present Native Uncommon
lady's-thumb Polygonum persicaria Present Non-native Uncommon
leadplant, leadplant amorpha Amorpha canescens Present Native Occasional
locoweed, milkvetch Astragalus Present - - - -
lotus milkvetch, lotus milk-vetch, low milkvetch, milkvetch Astragalus lotiflorus Present Native Unknown
looseflower milkvetch, loose-flower milk-vetch, pulse milkvetch Astragalus tenellus Present Native Unknown
low lupine, rusty lupine, small lupine Lupinus pusillus Present Native Uncommon
Lambert's crazyweed, Lambert's locoweed, purple loco, purple locoweed, stemless loco, white woollyloco, whitepoint locoweed Oxytropis lambertii Present Native Common
locoweed, silky crazyweed, silvery oxytrope, white crazyweed, white locoweed, white pointloco Oxytropis sericea Present Native - -
low milkweed, plains milkweed Asclepias pumila Present Native Occasional
lanceleaf sage Salvia reflexa Present Native Uncommon
Louisiana broomrape, Louisiana broom-rape Orobanche ludoviciana Present Native Occasional
Louisiana broomrape, manyflower broomrape, manyflowered broomrape Orobanche ludoviciana ssp. multiflora Unconfirmed Native - -
lilac penstemon, slender beardtongue, slender penstemon Penstemon gracilis Present Native Occasional
longleaf plantain, prairie plantain, slender plantain Plantago elongata Present Native Common
leopard lily, spotted fritillary, spotted missionbells Fritillaria atropurpurea Present Native Uncommon
leafy spurge, spurge, wolf's milk, wolf's-milk Euphorbia esula Present Non-native Common
Lewis' flax, prairie flax Linum lewisii var. lewisii Present Native Unknown
largeflower yellow flax, large-flower yellow flax, stiffstem flax Linum rigidum var. rigidum Present Native Unknown
lanceleaf cottonwood Populus X acuminata Present Native Uncommon
Long-beaked Willow Salix bebbiana Present Native Occasional
low mallow Malva rotundifolia Present Non-native Uncommon
long-beak sedge, Sprengel sedge, Sprengel's sedge Carex sprengelii Present Native Common
Little BARLEY Hordeum pusillum Present Native Common
little-seed mountain-rice grass, littleseed ricegrass, Piptatherum micranthum Piptatherum micranthum Present Native Occasional
little bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium Present Native Common
LOW LARKSPUR Delphinium bicolor Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mountain blue eyedgrass Sisyrinchium montanum Present Native - -
musk thistle Carduus nutans Present Non-native Uncommon
Marsh-elder Cyclachaena xanthifolia Present Native - -
Maximilian sunflower Helianthus maximiliani Present Native Occasional
microseris, sharppoint microseris, sharppoint prairie-dandelion, wavy-leaf prairie-dandelion Nothocalais cuspidata Present Native Unknown
Missouri goldenrod, prairie goldenrod, Tolmie's goldenrod Solidago missouriensis Present Native Common
manyflowered aster Symphyotrichum ericoides var. pansum Present Native Occasional
manyflower stickseed, manyflowered stickseed, showy stickseed Hackelia floribunda Present Native Uncommon
Maple-leaved Goosefoot Chenopodium simplex Present Native Unknown
Missouri foxtail cactus Escobaria missouriensis var. missouriensis Present Native Occasional
mountain four-o'clock, white four o'clock, white four-o'clock Mirabilis albida Present Native Uncommon
Missouri milkvetch, Missouri milk-vetch Astragalus missouriensis Present Native Common
manystem pea, manystem peavine Lathyrus polymorphus Present Native - -
mat vetch, purple vetch Vicia americana ssp. minor Present Native Unknown
milkweed, oval-leaf milkweed Asclepias ovalifolia Present Native - -
Missouri spurge, prairie sandmat Chamaesyce missurica Present Native Unknown
matted sandmat, serpent spurge Chamaesyce serpens Present Native Unknown
mountain evening primrose, mountain eveningprimrose, mountain evening-primrose Oenothera latifolia Unconfirmed Native - -
meadow fescue Lolium pratense Present Non-native Unknown
Mexican muhly Muhlenbergia mexicana Unconfirmed Native - -
Matted muhly Muhlenbergia richardsonis Present Native Unknown
Millet Setaria viridis Present Non-native Occasional
Macoun's buttercup Ranunculus macounii Unconfirmed Native - -
Macoun's false bindweed Calystegia macounii Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
nodding stickseed Hackelia deflexa Present Native Occasional
Nuttall's saltbush Atriplex nuttallii Present Native Common
netseed lambsquarters, pigseed goosefoot, pitseed goosefoot, pit-seed goosefoot Chenopodium berlandieri Present Native Unknown
Narrow-leaf goosefoot Chenopodium leptophyllum Present Native Unknown
Nuttall's monolepis, Nuttall's povertyweed, Nuttall's poverty-weed, patata, patota Monolepis nuttalliana Present Native Occasional
narrowleaf dock Rumex stenophyllus Present Non-native Occasional
nannyberry, nanny-berry Viburnum lentago Unconfirmed Native - -
narrowleaf mountaintrumpet, narrow-leaf mountain-trumpet, slenderleaf collomia, tiny trumpet Collomia linearis Present Native Common
NEEDLE-LEAF NAVARRETIA Navarretia intertexta ssp. propinqua Present Native Occasional
narrowleaf milkvetch Astragalus pectinatus Present Native Occasional
Northern gentian Gentianella amarella Present Native Uncommon
northern bedstraw Galium boreale Present Native Common
northern bog violet Viola nephrophylla Present Native Uncommon
Nuttall's violet, yellow prairie violet Viola nuttallii Present Native Occasional
Northern Willow Herb Epilobium ciliatum Present Native Uncommon
Nuttall's evening primrose, Nuttall's evening-primrose Oenothera nuttallii Present Native Common
needleleaf sedge, spike-rush sedge Carex duriuscula Present Native Unknown
needle spikerush Eleocharis acicularis Present Unknown Unknown
narrowspike reedgrass, slim-stem reed grass, slimstem reedgrass Calamagrostis stricta Present Native Unknown
needle and thread, needleandthread Hesperostipa comata ssp. comata Present Native Common
Nuttall alkaligrass, Nuttall's alkaligrass Puccinellia nuttalliana Present Native Common
narrowleaf cattail Typha angustifolia Present Non-native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
oppositeleaf bahia, opposite-leaf false bahia, plains bahia Picradeniopsis oppositifolia Present Native Uncommon
Oak-leaved goosefoot Chenopodium glaucum Present Non-native Unknown
Oakleaf goosefoot Chenopodium glaucum var. salinum Present Native - -
orange flax, stiff flax, stiffstem flax Linum rigidum Present Native Common
Orchard Grass Dactylis glomerata Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Old-witch Grass Panicum capillare Present Native Common
old switch panic grass, switchgrass Panicum virgatum Present Native Uncommon
Oregon woodsia Woodsia oregana Present Native Uncommon
oleaster, Russian olive, Russian-olive, Trebizond-date Elaeagnus angustifolia Present Non-native Uncommon
old man's whiskers, prairie smoke, prairiesmoke Geum triflorum Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
plains spring parsley, plains springparsley, stemless springparsley, wild parsley Cymopterus acaulis Present Native Common
prairie onion, textile onion, wild onion Allium textile Present Native Common
pale agoseris, pale dandelion, prairie dandelion Agoseris glauca Present Native Common
Parlin's pussytoes Antennaria parlinii Present Native Unknown
pale purple coneflower Echinacea pallida Not In Park Unknown - -
Philadelphia fleabane Erigeron philadelphicus Present Native Uncommon
prairie fleabane Erigeron strigosus Present Native Occasional
prairie sunflower, showy sunflower Helianthus petiolaris Present Native Unknown
Poverty-weed Iva axillaris Present Native Uncommon
prairie goldenrod Oligoneuron album Present Native Occasional
prairie groundsel Packera plattensis Present Native Common
prairie coneflower, redspike Mexican hat, upright prairie coneflower Ratibida columnifera Present Native Common
plains wallflower, prairie rocket, sand dune wallflower, western wallflower Erysimum capitatum var. capitatum Present Native Unknown
Peppergrass Lepidium densiflorum Present Native Common
Prince's-plume Stanleya pinnata Present Native Occasional
prickly Russian thistle, tumbleweed Salsola tragus Present Non-native Common
pink pincushion cactus, spinystar, spinystar cactus Escobaria vivipara var. vivipara Present Native Occasional
plains pricklypear Opuntia polyacantha Present