Tonto National Monument Park

Rank: 285

Park Description

The Salado Phenomena, 700 years ago, blended ideas of neighboring Native American cultures to emerge a unique and vibrant society. Tonto National Monument showcases two Salado-style cliff dwellings. Colorful pottery, woven cotton cloth, and other artifacts tell a story of people living and using resources from the northern Sonoran Desert from 1250 to 1450 CE.

Park Address

Tonto National Monument 26260 N Az Hwy 188 # 2

Roosevelt, AZ, 85545


Species in Tonto National Monument Park by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in Tonto National Monument Park. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.



 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Allen's Big-eared Bat Idionycteris phyllotis Probably Present Native - -
antelope jack rabbit, Antelope Jackrabbit Lepus alleni Probably Present Native - -
Ass, burro, Donkey, feral burro, Wild Ass Equus asinus Present Non-native Unknown
American Beaver, Beaver, Canadian Beaver Castor canadensis Probably Present Native - -
Arizona Pocket Mouse Perognathus amplus Present Native Unknown
Arizona cotton rat Sigmodon arizonae Probably Present Native - -
Abert's Squirrel Sciurus aberti Probably Present Native - -
Arizona Gray Squirrel Sciurus arizonensis Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bighorn sheep, Bighorn Sheep Ovis canadensis Present Native Unknown
bobcat Lynx rufus Present Native Uncommon
badger Taxidea taxus Present Native Rare
Black Bear Ursus americanus Present Native Rare
Brown bear, Grizzly bear Ursus arctos Unconfirmed Unknown - -
big free-tailed bat Nyctinomops macrotis Probably Present Native - -
Brazilian Free-tailed Bat Tadarida brasiliensis Present Native Unknown
big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus Present Native Unknown
black-tailed jack rabbit, Black-tailed Jackrabbit Lepus californicus Present Native Common
Botta's Pocket Gopher Thomomys bottae Present Native Unknown
Bailey's Pocket Mouse Chaetodipus baileyi Present Native Common
Brush Mouse Peromyscus boylii Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
coyote Canis latrans Present Native Common
common gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus Present Native Uncommon
Cougar, mountain lion, Puma Puma concolor Present Native Uncommon
common otter, North American River Otter, northern river otter, river otter Lontra canadensis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
coati, South American Coati Nasua nasua Probably Present Native - -
California leaf-nosed bat Macrotus californicus Present Native Uncommon
California Myotis Myotis californicus Present Native Uncommon
cave myotis Myotis velifer Present Native Unknown
Common Muskrat, Muskrat, Musquash, Water Rat Ondatra zibethicus Probably Present Native - -
Cactus Mouse Peromyscus eremicus Present Native Common
Cliff Chipmunk Tamias dorsalis Present Native Common
Chickaree, Red Squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Probably Present Native - -
Crawford's Gray Shrew, Desert Shrew, gray shrew Notiosorex crawfordi Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
domestic cat, house cat Felis silvestris Present Non-native Rare
desert cottontail Sylvilagus audubonii Present Native Common
Desert Kangaroo Rat Dipodomys deserti Probably Present Native - -
deer mice, white-footed mice Peromyscus - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Timber Wolf, Gray Wolf, Timber Wolf Canis lupus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Eastern Spotted Skunk, spotted skunk Spilogale putorius Present Native Rare
eastern red bat Lasiurus borealis Probably Present Native - -
Eastern Small-footed Myotis, Small-footed Myotis Myotis leibii Present Native Uncommon
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
fringed myotis Myotis thysanodes Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hog-nosed skunk, western hog-nosed skunk Conepatus mesoleucus Present Native Rare
Hooded Skunk Mephitis macroura Present Native Uncommon
hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus Probably Present Native - -
Hedgehog, Porcupine Erethizon dorsatum Probably Present Native - -
house mouse Mus musculus Present Non-native Unknown
Harris' antelope squirrel, Harris's Antelope Squirrel Ammospermophilus harrisii Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Javelina Pecari tajacu Present Native Common
Jaguar Panthera onca Unconfirmed Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Kit Fox Vulpes macrotis Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata Probably Present Native - -
lesser long-nosed bat, Mexican long-nosed bat Leptonycteris yerbabuenae Unconfirmed Unknown - -
long-eared myotis Myotis evotis Probably Present Native - -
little brown bat Myotis lucifugus Probably Present Native - -
Long-legged Myotis Myotis volans Probably Present Native - -
Long-tailed Pocket Mouse Chaetodipus formosus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Least Chipmunk Tamias minimus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mule deer Odocoileus hemionus Present Native Uncommon
Merriam's Kangaroo Rat Dipodomys merriami Present Native Rare
Mexican vole Microtus mexicanus Probably Present Unknown - -
Mexican woodrat Neotoma mexicana Probably Present Native - -
Merriam's Shrew Sorex merriami Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ocelot Leopardus pardalis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Ord's kangaroo rat Dipodomys ordii Probably Present Native - -
orthern grasshopper mouse Onychomys leucogaster Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pronghorn, Pronghorn Antilocapra americana Probably Present Native - -
Pocketed Free-tailed Bat Nyctinomops femorosaccus Probably Present Native - -
pallid bat Antrozous pallidus Present Native Uncommon
packrats, woodrats Neotoma - - - - - -
prairie deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ringtail Bassariscus astutus Present Native Common
raccoon Procyon lotor Present Native Rare
Rock Pocket Mouse Chaetodipus intermedius Present Native Unknown
ROUNDTAIL GROUND SQUIRREL, round-tailed ground squirrel Spermophilus tereticaudus Probably Present Native - -
Rock Squirrel Spermophilus variegatus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis Present Native Common
Spotted Bat Euderma maculatum Probably Present Native - -
silver-haired bat Lasionycteris noctivagans Probably Present Native - -
southern yellow bat Lasiurus ega Probably Present Native - -
southwestern myotis Myotis auriculus Probably Present Native - -
Sonoran Desert pocket mouse Chaetodipus penicillatus Present Native Unknown
silky pocket mouse Perognathus flavus Probably Present Native - -
Stephens's woodrat Neotoma stephensi Probably Present Native - -
southern grasshopper mouse Onychomys torridus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Townsend's big-eared bat Plecotus townsendii Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
unknown deer Odocoileus - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Present Native Common
White-nosed Coati Nasua narica Present Native Unknown
Western Bonneted Bat Eumops perotis Present Native Unknown
Western Pipistrelle Pipistrellus hesperus Present Native Unknown
white-throated woodrat Neotoma albigula Present Native Common
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Probably Present Native - -
western harvest mouse Reithrodontomys megalotis Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Yuma Myotis Myotis yumanensis Present Native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Golden Eagle, Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos Present Native Rare
Anna's Hummingbird Calypte anna Present Native Uncommon
American Peregrine Falcon, Duck Hawk, Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Present Native Rare
american kestrel Falco sparverius Present Native Uncommon
Abert's Towhee Pipilo aberti Present Native Uncommon
american tree sparrow Spizella arborea Unconfirmed Native - -
american goldfinch Carduelis tristis Unconfirmed Native - -
american robin Turdus migratorius Present Native Uncommon
Ash-throated Flycatcher Myiarchus cinerascens Present Native Common
Arkansas Kingbird, Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis Present Native Common
American White Pelican, White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Present Native Occasional
Acorn Woodpecker Melanerpes formicivorus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Bald Eagle, Northern Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Present Native Rare
Black-chinned Hummingbird Archilochus alexandri Present Native Common
Broad-tailed Hummingbird Selasphorus platycercus Present Native Uncommon
Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata Unconfirmed Native - -
Bushtit Psaltriparus minimus Present Native Rare
Bohemian Waxwing, Greater Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus Unconfirmed Native - -
Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea Present Native Uncommon
Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus Present Native Uncommon
Brown Creeper Certhia americana Unconfirmed Native - -
Black-throated Sparrow Amphispiza bilineata Present Native Common
Brown Towhee, Canyon Towhee Pipilo fuscus Present Native Common
Black-chinned Sparrow Spizella atrogularis Present Native Uncommon
Brewer's Sparrow Spizella breweri Present Native Common
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Common
Bank Swallow, Common Bank Swallow Riparia riparia Present Native Uncommon
Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus Present Native Rare
Bullock's Oriole Icterus bullockii Present Native Common
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Unconfirmed Native - -
Bronzed Cowbird Molothrus aeneus Present Native Uncommon
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Native Common
Boat-tailed Grackle Quiscalus major Not In Park Non-native - -
Bridled titmouse Baeolophus wollweberi Present Native Occasional
Black-throated Gray Warbler Dendroica nigrescens Present Native Uncommon
black-and-white warbler Mniotilta varia Unconfirmed Native - -
blue-gray gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Present Native Uncommon
Black-tailed Gnatcatcher Polioptila melanura Present Native Common
Bewick's Wren, Eastern Bewick's Wren Thryomanes bewickii Present Native Common
Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus Present Native Common
Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans Present Native Rare
Bell's Vireo Vireo bellii Present Native Common
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius Unconfirmed Native - -
Barn Owl, North American Barn Owl Tyto alba Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
cooper's hawk Accipiter cooperii Present Native Uncommon
Common Mallard, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Present Native Rare
Canada Goose, Eastern Canada Goose Branta canadensis Unconfirmed Native - -
Costa's Hummingbird Calypte costae Present Native Common
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor Probably Present Native - -
Common Poorwill Phalaenoptilus nuttallii Present Native Common
Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina Present Native Rare
Chukar Alectoris chukar Not In Park Non-native - -
cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Present Native Rare
Common Raven, Northern Raven, Raven Corvus corax Present Native Common
Clark's Nutcracker Nucifraga columbiana Unconfirmed Native - -
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present Native Uncommon
Cassin's Finch Carpodacus cassinii Present Native Occasional
Cliff Swallow, Eastern Cliff Swallow, Eave Swallow, Northern Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Present Native Uncommon
Crissal Thrasher Toxostoma crissale Present Native Uncommon
Curve-billed Thrasher Toxostoma curvirostre Present Native Common
Cactus Wren Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus Present Native Common
Canyon Wren Catherpes mexicanus Present Native Common
Cordilleran Flycatcher Empidonax occidentalis Unconfirmed Native - -
Cassin's Kingbird Tyrannus vociferans Present Native Uncommon
Cassin's Vireo Vireo cassinii Present Native Uncommon
- - Colaptes auratus cafer - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis Present Native Uncommon
Dusky Flycatcher Empidonax oberholseri Present Native Rare
Double-crested Cormorant, Northern Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Goshawk, Goshawk, Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Unconfirmed Native - -
Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto Present Non-native Occasional
Eastern Pigeon Hawk, Merlin, Pigeon Hawk Falco columbarius Present Native Occasional
Eurasian Treecreeper Certhia familiaris Not In Park Unknown - -
Eastern Lark Sparrow, Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Unconfirmed Native - -
evening grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus Unconfirmed Native - -
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present Non-native Uncommon
eastern screech-owl Megascops asio Not In Park Non-native - -
Elf Owl Micrathene whitneyi Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis Unconfirmed Native - -
Florida Scrub Jay, Florida Scrub-Jay, Scrub Jay Aphelocoma coerulescens Not In Park Non-native - -
Flickers Colaptes - - - - - -
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Gray Hawk Buteo nitidus Present Native Occasional
Greater Roadrunner Geococcyx californianus Present Native Uncommon
Gambel's Quail Callipepla gambelii Present Native Common
Green-tailed Towhee Pipilo chlorurus Present Native Uncommon
Golden-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia atricapilla Unconfirmed Native - -
Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus Present Native Uncommon
Grace's Warbler Dendroica graciae Unconfirmed Native - -
Gray Flycatcher Empidonax wrightii Present Native Uncommon
Gray Vireo Vireo vicinior Present Native Uncommon
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present Native Uncommon
Gilded Flicker Colaptes chrysoides Present Native Uncommon
Gila Woodpecker Melanerpes uropygialis Present Native Common
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Harris's Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus Present Native Rare
Hummingbirds Trochilidae - - - - - -
house finch Carpodacus mexicanus Present Native Common
Hooded Oriole Icterus cucullatus Present Native Common
house sparrow Passer domesticus Present Non-native Uncommon
house wren Troglodytes aedon Present Native Uncommon
hermit thrush Catharus guttatus Present Native Uncommon
Hammond's Flycatcher Empidonax hammondii Present Native Rare
Hutton's Vireo Vireo huttoni Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
- - Junco caniceps Unconfirmed Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis Present Native Common
Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena Present Native Uncommon
Lincoln's Sparrow, Northern Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Present Native Uncommon
Lawrence's Goldfinch Carduelis lawrencei Unconfirmed Native - -
Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria Present Native Common
loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus Present Native Uncommon
Le Conte's Thrasher Toxostoma lecontei Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Lucy's Warbler Vermivora luciae Present Native Common
Ladder-backed Woodpecker Picoides scalaris Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Abundant
Mountain Chickadee Poecile gambeli Present Native Occasional
MacGillivray's Warbler Oporornis tolmiei Present Native Uncommon
Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Present Native Rare
northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Present Native Common
northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Present Native Uncommon
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Present Native Common
nashville warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Present Native Uncommon
Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma imberbe Present Native Rare
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present Native Uncommon
Northern Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium gnoma Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
osprey Pandion haliaetus Present Native Uncommon
Oak Titmouse Baeolophus inornatus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
orange-crowned warbler Vermivora celata Present Native Uncommon
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Prairie Falcon Falco mexicanus Present Native Occasional
Pyrrhuloxia Cardinalis sinuatus Present Native Uncommon
Painted Bunting Passerina ciris Unconfirmed Native - -
Pinyon Jay Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus Unconfirmed Native - -
Pine siskin Carduelis pinus Present Native Rare
purple finch Carpodacus purpureus Unconfirmed Native - -
purple martin Progne subis Present Native Uncommon
Painted Redstart Myioborus pictus Present Native Occasional
Phainopepla Phainopepla nitens Present Native Common
Plumbeous Vireo Vireo plumbeus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present Native Common
Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus Present Native Rare
Rufous-winged Sparrow Aimophila carpalis Present Native Uncommon
Rufous-crowned Sparrow Aimophila ruficeps Present Native Common
rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis Not In Park Unknown - -
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Rare
Red-faced Warbler Cardellina rubrifrons Unconfirmed Native - -
ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula Present Native Uncommon
red-breasted nuthatch Sitta canadensis Unconfirmed Native - -
Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus Present Native Common
Rufous-backed Robin Turdus rufopalliatus Unconfirmed Native - -
red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus Unconfirmed Native - -
Red-naped Sapsucker Sphyrapicus nuchalis Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sharp-shinned hawk Accipiter striatus Present Native Rare
Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni Present Native Rare
Scaled Quail Callipepla squamata Unconfirmed Native - -
Steller's Jay Cyanocitta stelleri Present Native Occasional
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Unconfirmed Native - -
Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus Present Native Occasional
Scott's Oriole Icterus parisorum Present Native Common
Sage Thrasher Oreoscoptes montanus Unconfirmed Native - -
scarlet tanager Piranga olivacea Unconfirmed Native - -
summer tanager Piranga rubra Present Native Uncommon
swainson's thrush Catharus ustulatus Present Native Rare
Say's Phoebe Sayornis saya Present Native Common
Spotted Owl Strix occidentalis Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Common
Townsend's Warbler Dendroica townsendi Present Native Rare
Townsend's Solitaire Myadestes townsendi Present Native Occasional
Thick-billed Kingbird Tyrannus crassirostris Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Vaux's Swift Chaetura vauxi Present Native Uncommon
Violet-green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina Present Native Uncommon
Virginia's Warbler Vermivora virginiae Present Native Uncommon
Verdin Auriparus flaviceps Present Native Common
Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-throated swift Aeronautes saxatalis Present Native Common
Wood Stork Mycteria americana Unconfirmed Unknown - -
White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica Present Native Abundant
Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo Unconfirmed Native - -
Western Scrub-Jay Aphelocoma californica Present Native Rare
white-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Unconfirmed Native - -
white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Present Native Common
Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta Present Native Rare
wilson's warbler Wilsonia pusilla Present Native Uncommon
white-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Probably Present Native - -
Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana Present Native Uncommon
Western Bluebird Sialia mexicana Present Native Occasional
western wood-pewee Contopus sordidulus Present Native Uncommon
Western Flycatcher Empidonax difficilis Present Native Uncommon
warbling vireo Vireo gilvus Present Native Uncommon
Western Screech-Owl Megascops kennicottii Present Native Uncommon
Whiskered Screech Owl, Whiskered Screech-Owl Megascops trichopsis Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Present Native Occasional
Yellow-eyed Junco Junco phaeonotus Unconfirmed Native - -
Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Present Native Uncommon
yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata Present Native Common
yellow warbler Dendroica petechia Present Native Uncommon
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens Present Native Uncommon
yellow-throated vireo Vireo flavifrons Present Native Occasional
yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus Present Native Uncommon

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Amphisbaenians, Lizards, Snakes Squamata - - - - - -
Arizona Alligator Lizard, Madrean Alligator Lizard Elgaria kingii Present Native Rare
Arizona coral snake Micruroides euryxanthus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Bullsnake, Gopher Snake Pituophis catenifer Present Native Common
Big Bend Patch-nosed Snake Salvadora hexalepis Present Native Uncommon
Black-necked Gartersnake Thamnophis cyrtopsis Present Native Uncommon
Brush Lizards, Tree Lizards Urosaurus - - - - - -
Big Bend Tree Lizard Urosaurus ornatus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Kingsnake Lampropeltis getula Present Native Rare
Central Texas Whipsnake Masticophis taeniatus Not In Park Unknown - -
Common Chuckwalla Sauromalus ater Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Earless Lizard, Common Lesser Earless Lizard, Lesser Earless Lizard Holbrookia maculata Not In Park Unknown - -
Clark's Spiny Lizard Sceloporus clarkii Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Desert Iguana Dipsosaurus dorsalis Unconfirmed Native - -
Desert Grassland Whiptail Cnemidophorus uniparens Probably Present Native - -
desert night lizard Xantusia vigilis Present Native Rare
Desert Tortoise Gopherus agassizii Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Collared Lizard Crotaphytus collaris Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Glossy Snake Arizona elegans Not In Park Native - -
Ground Snake, Groundsnake Sonora semiannulata Present Native Common
Gila Monster Heloderma suspectum Present Native Common
Greater Short-horned Lizard, Hernandez's Short-horned Lizard, Mountain Short-horned Lizard Phrynosoma hernandesi Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Great Plains Skink Eumeces obsoletus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Long-nosed Snake Rhinocheilus lecontei Present Native Uncommon
long-nosed leopard lizard Gambelia wislizenii Present Native Unknown
Long-tailed Brush Lizard Urosaurus graciosus Unconfirmed Native - -
Little Striped Whiptail Cnemidophorus inornatus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mexican Garter Snake Thamnophis eques Unconfirmed Native - -
Marcy's Checkered Gartersnake Thamnophis marcianus Probably Present Native - -
Many-lined Skink Eumeces multivirgatus Unconfirmed Native - -
Mohave Rattlesnake Crotalus scutulatus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Narrowhead Garter Snake, Narrow-headed Garter Snake Thamnophis rufipunctatus Unconfirmed Native - -
Northern Black-tailed Rattlesnake Crotalus molossus Present Native Common
Night Lizards Xantusia - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Plains Black-headed Snake Tantilla nigriceps Unconfirmed Unknown - -
plateau lizard Sceloporus tristichus Unconfirmed Native - -
plateau striped whiptail Cnemidophorus velox Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
ringneck snake Diadophis punctatus Present Native Rare
Regal Horned Lizard Phrynosoma solare Present Native Uncommon
Racerunners, Whiptails Cnemidophorus - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Sonoran Mountain Kingsnake Lampropeltis pyromelana Probably Present Native - -
Sonoran whipsnake Masticophis bilineatus Present Native Common
Smith's Southwestern Black-headed Snake Tantilla hobartsmithi Present Native Rare
Spiny Lizards Sceloporus - - - - - -
striped plateau lizard Sceloporus virgatus Not In Park Unknown - -
side-blotched lizard Uta stansburiana Present Native Common
Sonoran Spotted Whiptail Cnemidophorus sonorae Present Native Common
Sidewinder Crotalus cerastes Unconfirmed Native - -
Speckled Rattlesnake Crotalus mitchellii Probably Present Native - -
spiny softshell turtle Apalone spinifera Probably Present Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Texas Nightsnake Hypsiglena torquata Present Native Rare
Texas Patch-nosed Snake Salvadora grahamiae Not In Park Unknown - -
Texas Lyresnake Trimorphodon biscutatus Present Native Uncommon
Trans-Pecos Threadsnake Leptotyphlops humilis Probably Present Native - -
Texas Greater Earless Lizard Cophosaurus texanus Present Native Common
Twin-spotted Spiny Lizard Sceloporus magister Present Native Uncommon
Tiger Rattlesnake Crotalus tigris Not In Park Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
whip snakes Masticophis - - - - - -
Western Coachwhip Masticophis flagellum Present Native Rare
Western Terrestrial Garter Snake Thamnophis elegans Unconfirmed Native - -
Western Banded Gecko Coleonyx variegatus Present Native Common
western whiptail Cnemidophorus tigris Present Native Common
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake, Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake Crotalus atrox Present Native Common
western rattlesnake Crotalus oreganus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Zebra-tailed Lizard Callisaurus draconoides Present Native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Arizona Toad, Southwestern Toad Bufo microscaphus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bullfrog Rana catesbeiana Not In Park Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Colorado River Toad, Sonoran Desert Toad Bufo alvarius Present Native Uncommon
canyon treefrog Hyla arenicolor Present Native Common
Chiricahua leopard frog Rana chiricahuensis Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Frog, Leopard Frog, Meadow Frog, Northern Leopard Frog Rana pipiens Unconfirmed Native - -
Couch's Spadefoot Scaphiopus couchii Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern tiger salamander Ambystoma tigrinum Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Great Plains toad Bufo cognatus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lowland Leopard Frog, Yavapai Frog, Yavapai Leopard Frog Rana yavapaiensis Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mountain treefrog Hyla wrightorum Unconfirmed Native - -
Mexican Spadefoot Spea multiplicata Not In Park Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
North American Spadefoots Scaphiopus - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Red-spotted Toad Bufo punctatus Present Native Common
rocky mountain toad Bufo woodhousii Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
western chorus frog Pseudacris triseriata Unconfirmed Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
- - Apiaceae - - - - - -
agave, agave species Agave - - - - - -
Arizona cottonrose Filago arizonica Present Native Abundant
alkali goldenbush, alkali jimmyweed Isocoma acradenia Present Native Unknown
Arizona rockdaisy, crowfoot rockdaisy Perityle coronopifolia Present Native Unknown
American threefold, American trixis, California trixis Trixis californica Present Native Uncommon
Arizona popcornflower, CALIFORNIA BURCLOVER Plagiobothrys arizonicus Present Native Unknown
Asian mustard, BRASSICA Brassica tournefortii Present Non-native Unknown
alpine pennycress Thlaspi montanum Unconfirmed Native - -
Adonis blazingstar, Adonis stickleaf, desert blazingstar, manyflowered mentzelia Mentzelia multiflora Present Native Unknown
- - Acacia - - - - - -
Arizona lupine Lupinus arizonicus Present Native Unknown
annual yellow sweetclover, Indian sweet-clover Melilotus indicus Present Non-native Uncommon
Arizona black walnut, Arizona walnut, New Mexico walnut Juglans major Present Native Common
alfilaria Erodium cicutarium Present Non-native Common
Arizona carlowrightia, Arizona wrightwort Carlowrightia arizonica Not In Park Native - -
Applegate Paintbrush Castilleja applegatei Present Native Unknown
Arizona sandmat Chamaesyce arizonica Present Native Unknown
Arizona cottontop Digitaria californica Present Native Uncommon
annual canarygrass, common canary grass, common canarygrass Phalaris canariensis Present Non-native Unknown
Arizona sycamore Platanus wrightii Present Native Uncommon
annual pricklypoppy, bluestem prickly poppy, crested pricklypoppy, pricklypoppy, thistle poppy, white prickly poppy Argemone polyanthemos Unconfirmed Native - -
alderleaf cercocarpus, alderleaf mountain-mahogany, birchleaf mountain-mahogany, mountain-mahogany, true mountain-mahogany Cercocarpus montanus Present Native Uncommon
Arizona blackberry, Arizona dewberry Rubus arizonensis Present Native Common
Arizona clubmoss, Arizona spikemoss Selaginella arizonica Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bristly scaleseed, bristly-fruit scaleseed Spermolepis echinata Present Native Unknown
bluedicks Dichelostemma capitatum Present Native Unknown
brownfoot, pink perezzia, Wright's desertpeony Acourtia wrightii Present Native Uncommon
bursage, ragweed Ambrosia - - - - - -
burrobush, white bursage Ambrosia dumosa Unconfirmed Native - -
baccharis Baccharis - - - - - -
brittlebush, goldenhills, white brittlebush Encelia farinosa Present Native Common
broom snakeweed, broomweed, perennial snakeweed, stinkweed, turpentine weed, yellow top Gutierrezia sarothrae Present Native Common
biannual lettuce, Louisiana lettuce, wild lettuce Lactuca ludoviciana Present Native Uncommon
Bigelow?s tansy-aster Machaeranthera bigelovii Unconfirmed Native - -
Brown-plume wire-lettuce Stephanomeria pauciflora Present Native Common
bristly fiddleneck, CHECKER FIDDLENECK Amsinckia tessellata Present Native Common
bristlelobe cryptantha, narrowleaf pick-me-not, Panamint catseye, Panamint cryptantha Cryptantha angustifolia Unconfirmed Native - -
bearded catseye, bearded cryptantha Cryptantha barbigera Present Native Unknown
Basin yellow cryptanth Cryptantha confertiflora Unconfirmed Native - -
BROAD-NUTTED COMB BUR Pectocarya platycarpa Present Native Unknown
branched scorpion-weed, branching phacelia Phacelia ramosissima Present Native Unknown
Blunt tansy mustard Descurainia obtusa Present Native Uncommon
barrel cactus Ferocactus cylindraceus Present Native Uncommon
buckhorn cholla Opuntia acanthocarpa Present Native Common
brown-spined prickly pear Opuntia phaeacantha - - - - - -
Bigelow's four-o'clock, wishbone-bush Mirabilis bigelovii Present Native Uncommon
brittle spineflower, sagebrush chorizanthe Chorizanthe brevicornu Present Native Common
buckwheat, wild buckwheat Eriogonum - - - - - -
broom buckwheat, wickerstem buckwheat Eriogonum vimineum Unconfirmed Native - -
boundary ephedra Ephedra aspera Present Native Unknown
Bigelow's desert-trumpets Linanthus bigelovii Present Native Common
bigleaf lupine, hollowleaf annual lupine Lupinus succulentus Present Native Common
bur clover, bur medick, burclover, California burclover, toothed medick Medicago polymorpha Present Non-native Rare
blue paloverde Parkinsonia florida Present Native Unknown
bedstraw Galium - - - - - -
blue water speedwell, water speedwell Veronica anagallis-aquatica Present Native Rare
Bromegrass Bromus tectorum Present Non-native Unknown
Bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon Present Non-native Unknown
bottlebrush squirreltail, squirreltail, western bottle-brush grass Elymus elymoides Present Native Uncommon
blue wild rye, blue wildrye Elymus glaucus Present Native Unknown
barley Hordeum - - - - - -
Barley Hordeum vulgare Present Non-native Unknown
bull muhly, bullgrass Muhlenbergia emersleyi - - - - - -
bush muhly Muhlenbergia porteri Present Native Uncommon
Bigelow bluegrass Poa bigelovii Present Native Uncommon
big bluegrass, Sandberg bluegrass, Sandberg's bluegrass Poa secunda - - - - - -
bluestem, little bluestem Schizachyrium - - - - - -
birdfoot cliffbrake Pellaea mucronata Unconfirmed Native - -
blackberry, brambles Rubus - - - - - -
Bollean mistletoe, dense mistletoe, fir mistletoe Phoradendron bolleanum Unconfirmed Native - -
bigseed alfalfa dodder, largeseed dodder, pretty dodder Cuscuta indecora Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
common sotol Dasylirion wheeleri Present Native Common
Cuman ragweed, perennial ragweed, western ragweed Ambrosia psilostachya Present Native Common
cudweed sagewort, gray sagewort, Louisiana sagewort, Louisiana wormwood, mugwort wormwood, prairie sage, white sagebrush Artemisia ludoviciana Present Native Common
California brickellbush Brickellia californica Present Native Unknown
Coulter's brickellbush Brickellia coulteri Present Native Unknown
Chihuahuan brickellbush Brickellia floribunda Unconfirmed Native - -
Canadian horseweed Conyza canadensis Present Native Rare
California cottonrose Filago californica Present Native Unknown
cudweed Gnaphalium - - - - - -
Common Sunflower Helianthus annuus Present Native Unknown
camphorweed Heterotheca subaxillaris Present Native Unknown
cheeseweed burrobrush, singlewhorl burrobrush, singlewhorl burrobush Hymenoclea monogyra Present Native Unknown
common goldenbush, goldenweed Isocoma coronopifolia Present Native Common
China lettuce, prickly lettuce, wild lettuce Lactuca serriola Present Non-native Unknown
cutleaf goldenweed, lacy tansyaster, lacy tansy-aster, pinnate machaeranthera, spiny goldenweed Machaeranthera pinnatifida Present Native Unknown
CHINCHWEED, manybristle cinchweed Pectis papposa Present Native Unknown
California chicory Rafinesquia californica Present Native Unknown
Common Sow Thistle Sonchus oleraceus Present Non-native Uncommon
common salsify, goat's beard, goatsbeard, meadow goat's-beard, salsifis majeur, salsify, western goat's beard, western salsify, wild oysterplant, yellow goat's beard, yellow salsify Tragopogon dubius Unconfirmed Non-native - -
cocklebur Xanthium strumarium Present Native Unknown
- - Cryptantha - - - - - -
combbur, curvenut combseed, recurve combseed Pectocarya recurvata Present Native Unknown
caterpillarweed, cleftleaf wildheliotrope, notch-leaf scorpion-weed Phacelia crenulata Present Native Unknown
crucifers, mustards Brassicaceae - - - - - -
coast wallflower, sand dune wallflower, western wallflower Erysimum capitatum Present Native Rare
California mustard Guillenia lasiophylla Present Native Unknown
common clammy-weed Polanisia dodecandra Present Native Unknown
cattle saltbush Atriplex polycarpa Present Native Unknown
Common Saltwort Salsola kali Present Non-native Unknown
candy barrel cactus, fishhook barrel cactus Ferocactus wislizeni Present Native Uncommon
cholla, pricklypear Opuntia - - - - - -
Christmas cholla Opuntia leptocaulis Present Native Unknown
cardinal catchfly, Mexican campion, Mexican catchfly, Mexican pink Silene laciniata Present Native Unknown
common chickweed Stellaria media Present Non-native Unknown
climbing spiderling, climbing wartclub, wishbone vine Boerhavia scandens Present Native Unknown
creeping spiderling Boerhavia spicata Unconfirmed Native - -
canaigre, canaigre dock Rumex hymenosepalus Present Native Uncommon
coyote gourd, coyote melon Cucurbita palmata Unconfirmed Native - -
cedar, juniper, redcedar, sabino Juniperus - - - - - -
catclaw acacia Acacia greggii Present Native Common
common birdsfoot trefoil, longbrack trefoil, long-bract bird's-foot-trefoil, New Mexico birdsfoot trefoil, New Mexico bird's-foot trefoil Lotus plebeius Present Native Unknown
COULTER'S LUPINE Lupinus sparsiflorus Present Native Unknown
Coues' cassia, Coves' cassia, desert senna Senna covesii Present Native Common
Carolina Cranesbill Geranium carolinianum Present Native Rare
chia Salvia columbariae Present Native Unknown
Cooper's broomrape, desert broomrape Orobanche cooperi Unconfirmed Native - -
clustered broomrape, clustered broom-rape, purple broomrape, tufted broomrape Orobanche fasciculata Present Native Unknown
cottonwood, Fremont's cottonwood Populus fremontii Not In Park Native - -
cheeseweed mallow Malva parviflora Present Non-native Unknown
copper mallow, orange globemallow, red falsemallow, scarlet globemallow Sphaeralcea coccinea Present Native Unknown
COULTER GLOBEMALLOW Sphaeralcea coulteri Present Native Unknown
cutleaf globemallow, Rusby's globemallow Sphaeralcea rusbyi Present Native Uncommon
canyon clarkia, canyon fairyfan Clarkia epilobioides Present Native Unknown
California willowherb, leafy willowherb Epilobium foliosum Present Native Unknown
cane bluestem Bothriochloa barbinodis Present Native Common
Chilean chess Bromus berterianus Present Non-native Unknown
Common curleymesquite, curleymesquite, curly mesquite, curlymesquite, curly-mesquite Hilaria belangeri Present Native Common
crimson fountaingrass Pennisetum setaceum Present Non-native Unknown
canarygrass, littleseed canarygrass Phalaris minor Present Non-native Unknown
Cochise scaly cloakfern Astrolepis cochisensis Present Native Unknown
California poppy Eschscholzia californica Present Native Unknown
cream cups Platystemon californicus Present Native Common
creeping jenny, European bindweed, field bindweed, perennial morningglory, smallflowered morningglory Convolvulus arvensis Present Non-native Rare
Coyote tobacco Nicotiana attenuata Present Native Unknown
cutleaf nightshade, cut-leaf nightshade Solanum triflorum Unconfirmed Native - -
creosotebush Larrea tridentata Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Datil yucca Yucca baccata Present Native Common
desert holly, dwarf desertpeony Acourtia nana Unconfirmed Native - -
desertbroom Baccharis sarothroides Present Native Common
desert marigold Baileya multiradiata Present Native Unknown
daisy, fleabane Erigeron - - - - - -
DESERT GOLD Geraea canescens Unconfirmed Native - -
Desert nest-straw Stylocline micropoides Present Native Rare
dollarjoint pricklypear Opuntia chlorotica Present Native Uncommon
Douglas' sandwort Minuartia douglasii Present Native Unknown
desert trumpet, Native American pipeweed Eriogonum inflatum Present Native Unknown
dwarf blazingstar, dwarf mentzelia, golden blazingstar Mentzelia pumila Present Native Unknown
dense false gilyflower Allophyllum gilioides Present Native Unknown
desert mountain phlox, desert phlox, mountain phlox Phlox austromontana Unconfirmed Native - -
dwarf stickpea, mountain calliandra Calliandra humilis Unconfirmed Native - -
deervetch, trefoil Lotus - - - - - -
dune scurfpea, lemon scurfpea, wild lemonweed Psoralidium lanceolatum Unconfirmed Native - -
desert bedstraw Galium stellatum Present Native Common
desert willow Chilopsis linearis Present Native Unknown
dwarf hedeoma Hedeoma nana Present Native Unknown
desert lavender Hyptis emoryi Not In Park Native - -
desert Indianwheat Plantago ovata Present Native Unknown
Dakota mock vervain Glandularia bipinnatifida Present Native Unknown
desert vervain, Goodding's verbena, southwestern mock vervain Glandularia gooddingii Present Native Unknown
doubting mariposa lily Calochortus ambiguus Unconfirmed Native - -
desert mariposa lily Calochortus kennedyi Present Native Unknown
doveweed, goatweed, skunkweed, Texas croton Croton texensis Present Native Unknown
desert globemallow Sphaeralcea ambigua Present Native Unknown
desert evening primrose Oenothera primiveris Present Native Unknown
desert needlegrass Achnatherum speciosum Present Native Unknown
downy mistletoe, woolly mistletoe Phoradendron capitellatum Present Native Unknown
Dutchman's breeches Thamnosma texana - - - - - -
desert-thorn, wolfberry, wolfberry species Lycium - - - - - -
desert tobacco, tobacco plant Nicotiana obtusifolia Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Engelmann's prickly pear Opuntia engelmannii Present Native Common
Eastern Mojave buckwheat, flattop buckwheat, yellow buckwheat Eriogonum fasciculatum Present Native Abundant
elderberry Sambucus - - - - - -
European black elder Sambucus nigra Present Native Unknown
European red elder, red elderberry, scarlet elderberry Sambucus racemosa Unconfirmed Native - -
exserted Indian paintbrush, Indian paintbrush Castilleja exserta Present Native Unknown
Eaton's firecracker Penstemon eatonii Present Native Uncommon
Eyebane, Upright Spotted Spurge Chamaesyce maculata Present Native Unknown
eyebane Chamaesyce nutans Unconfirmed Native - -
Emory's desertmallow, Emory's globemallow Sphaeralcea emoryi Present Native Common
eight-flower six-weeks grass, pullout grass, sixweeks fescue, sixweeks grass Vulpia octoflora Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
false carrot Yabea microcarpa Present Native Unknown
field ragweed Ambrosia confertiflora Present Native Unknown
false tarragon, green sagewort, silky wormwood, tarragon, wormwood Artemisia dracunculus Present Native Common
FIDDLENECK Amsinckia menziesii Present Native Unknown
flat-spine sheepburr, flatspine stickseed, western sticktight Lappula occidentalis Present Native Unknown
fringed amaranth, fringed pigweed Amaranthus fimbriatus Present Native Unknown
fourwing saltbush Atriplex canescens Present Native Uncommon
Fendler's hedgehog cactus, pinkflower hedgehog cactus Echinocereus fendleri Present Native Unknown
fringed redmaids Calandrinia ciliata Present Native Unknown
fivewing spiderling, five-wing spiderling, Jone's boerhavia Boerhavia intermedia Unconfirmed Native - -
four o'clock, linearleaf four-o'clock, narrowleaf four o'clock, narrowleaf four-o'clock Mirabilis linearis Present Native Unknown
fingerleaf gourd Cucurbita digitata Present Native Unknown
freckled milkvetch, speckledpod milkvetch Astragalus lentiginosus Unconfirmed Native - -
fairyduster, false mesquite Calliandra eriophylla Unconfirmed Native - -
feather dalea Dalea formosa Present Native Common
fringed twinevine Funastrum cynanchoides Present Native Unknown
fragrant bedstraw Galium triflorum Unconfirmed Native - -
false pennyroyal, falsepennyroyal, oblongleaf false pennyroyal Hedeoma oblongifolia Present Native Unknown
figworts Scrophulariaceae - - - - - -
fluffgrass Dasyochloa pulchella Present Native Unknown
finestem stipa, finestem tussockgrass, tussockgrass Nassella tenuissima Unconfirmed Native - -
foxtail fescue Vulpia myuros Present Non-native Unknown
Fendler's lipfern Cheilanthes fendleri Present Native Common
FERN Cheilanthes wootonii Present Native Unknown
Florida pellitory, pellitory Parietaria floridana - - - - - -
Florida hopbush, hopbush, hopseed bush Dodonaea viscosa Present Native Uncommon
False nightshade Chamaesaracha coronopus Present Native Unknown
Fremont wolfberry, Fremont's desert-thorn Lycium fremontii Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
goldfields Lasthenia californica Present Native Unknown
groundsel, ragwort Senecio - - - - - -
glandular threadplant, threadplant Nemacladus glanduliferus Present Native Unknown
green tansymustard, pinnate tansy mustard, pinnate tansymustard, tansymustard, western tansymustard Descurainia pinnata Present Native Common
Gordon bladderpod Lesquerella gordonii Present Native Unknown
Graham's nipple cactus, Graham's pincushion cactus Mammillaria grahamii Present Native Common
goat-nut, jojoba, pig-nut Simmondsia chinensis Present Native Abundant
Gila manroot, wild cucumber Marah gilensis Present Native Uncommon
- - Gilia - - - - - -
GILIA Gilia scopulorum Present Native Common
grand gilia Gilia splendens Unconfirmed Native - -
glandleaf milkwort Polygala macradenia Present Native Unknown
green violet Hybanthus verticillatus Present Native Uncommon
globemallow Sphaeralcea - - - - - -
goldentop Lamarckia aurea Present Non-native Rare
green sprangletop Leptochloa dubia Present Native Unknown
grasses Poaceae - - - - - -
golden corydalis, scrambled eggs Corydalis aurea Present Native Unknown
granjeno Celtis pallida Present Native Common
graythorn, Lote bush, lotebush Ziziphus obtusifolia Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hoary bowlesia Bowlesia incana Present Native Common
hairyseed bahia Bahia absinthifolia Present Native Unknown
hairy false goldaster, hairy false goldenaster, hairy goldaster, hairy goldenaster Heterotheca villosa Present Native Uncommon
hoary aster, New Mexico tansyaster, New Mexico tansy-aster Psilactis asteroides Present Native Unknown
Hairy-pod pepperwort Lepidium lasiocarpum Present Native Unknown
hedgehog cactus Echinocereus engelmannii Present Native Unknown
herniaria Herniaria hirsuta Present Non-native Unknown
honey mesquite Prosopis glandulosa Unconfirmed Native - -
horehound, white horehound Marrubium vulgare Present Non-native Uncommon
head sandmat Chamaesyce capitellata Present Native Unknown
harvard threeawn, Havard threeawn, Havard's threeawn Aristida havardii Present Native Unknown
hood canary grass Phalaris paradoxa Present Non-native Unknown
Horseshoe mousetail Myosurus cupulatus Present Native Unknown
hackberry Celtis - - - - - -
holly-leaf redberry Rhamnus ilicifolia Present Native Unknown
hoary bindweed Convolvulus equitans Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ives' phacelia Phacelia ivesiana Present Native Unknown
Indian hedgemustard, Indian hedge-mustard, oriental hedgemustard Sisymbrium orientale Present Non-native Uncommon
Indianwheat, plantain Plantago - - - - - -
Indian root, Watson's dutchman's pipe Aristolochia watsonii Unconfirmed Native - -
Ill-scented Sumac, skunkbush Rhus trilobata Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
jack beans Canavalia ensiformis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Johnsongrass Sorghum halepense Present Non-native Uncommon
Juniper mistletoe Phoradendron juniperinum Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lemmon's spring-parsley Pseudocymopterus montanus Present Native Uncommon
lavender thistle, New Mexico thistle, powderpuff thistle, Utah thistle Cirsium neomexicanum Present Native Uncommon
Lemmon's groundsel, Lemmon's ragwort Senecio lemmonii Present Native Rare
lesser wirelettuce Stephanomeria minor Unconfirmed Native - -
Lindley's silverpuffs Uropappus lindleyi Present Native Unknown
limestone scorpionweed Phacelia affinis Present Native Common
limestone phacelia Phacelia cryptantha Present Native Unknown
London rocket Sisymbrium irio Present Non-native Uncommon
lacepod mustard, sand fringepod, sand lacepod Thysanocarpus curvipes Present Native Unknown
longleaf ephedra, longleaf jointfir, longleaf Mormon tea Ephedra trifurca Unconfirmed Native - -
lesser yellowthroat gilia Gilia flavocincta Present Native Unknown
legumes, peas Fabaceae - - - - - -
LOTUS Lotus humistratus Present Native Unknown
lupine Lupinus - - - - - -
littleleaf palo verde, yellow paloverde Parkinsonia microphylla Present Native Unknown
Louisiana vetch Vicia ludoviciana Present Native Unknown
littleleaf matelea, small-leaf anglepod, spearleaf Matelea parvifolia Present Native Uncommon
little redstem monkeyflower, red monkeyflower, redstem monkey-flower Mimulus rubellus Present Native Uncommon
lemon verbena, mintbush lippia, Wright's aloysia, Wright's beebrush, Wright's lippia Aloysia wrightii Present Native Uncommon
little leaf abutilon Abutilon parvulum Present Native Uncommon
Lehmann's lovegrass Eragrostis lehmanniana Present Non-native Common
Little BARLEY Hordeum pusillum Present Native Unknown
littleseed muhly Muhlenbergia microsperma Present Native Unknown
lip ferns, lipfern Cheilanthes - - - - - -
littleleaf ratany Krameria erecta Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mat amaranth, prostrate amaranth, prostrate pigweed Amaranthus blitoides Unconfirmed Non-native - -
miner's lettuce, minerslettuce Claytonia perfoliata Present Native Common
mesquite Prosopis - - - - - -
mesquite Prosopis juliflora Unconfirmed Non-native - -
manyfruit spurge, smallseed sandmat, small-seed sandmat Chamaesyce polycarpa Present Native Unknown
Mexican fireplant, painted euphorbia Euphorbia heterophylla Unconfirmed Native - -
Muttongrass Poa fendleriana Present Native Uncommon
Mediterranean grass Schismus barbatus Present Non-native Abundant
mesquite mistletoe, MISTLETOE Phoradendron californicum Present Native Unknown
morningglories, morning-glories Convolvulaceae - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Nevada biscuitroot Lomatium nevadense Present Native Unknown
- - Nolina microcarpa Present Native Unknown
New Mexico groundsel Packera neomexicana Present Native Unknown
New Mexico plumseed Rafinesquia neomexicana Present Native Common
Nevada cryptanth Cryptantha nevadensis Present Native Unknown
netseed lambsquarters, pigseed goosefoot, pitseed goosefoot, pit-seed goosefoot Chenopodium berlandieri Present Native Unknown
Nuttall milkvetch, smallflowered milkvetch Astragalus nuttallianus Present Native Unknown
New Mexico wildmercury Argythamnia neomexicana Present Native Unknown
needle grama Bouteloua aristidoides Present Native Common
needlegrass Stipa - - - - - -
nightshade Solanum xanti Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
oneseed juniper Juniperus monosperma Present Native Unknown
ocotillo Fouquieria splendens Present Native Common
old-field three-awn Aristida oligantha Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
plains blackfoot daisy Melampodium leucanthum Present Native Uncommon
Parish's goldeneye Viguiera parishii Present Native Common
prickly cryptantha Cryptantha muricata Present Native Unknown
Purple-mat Nama demissum Present Native Unknown
perennial rockcress Arabis perennans Present Native Common
pepperweed Lepidium - - - - - -
Palmer's amaranth Amaranthus palmeri Present Native Unknown
Powell's amaranth, Powell's pigweed Amaranthus powellii Present Native Unknown
prickly Russian thistle, tumbleweed Salsola tragus Present Non-native Unknown
purple pricklypear Opuntia macrocentra Probably Present Native - -
prairie spiderwort, spiderwort Tradescantia occidentalis Present Native Uncommon
- - Polemoniaceae - - - - - -
Pygmy-flower rock-jasmine Androsace septentrionalis Present Native Unknown
pillpod sandmat, pill-pod sandmat Chamaesyce hirta Unconfirmed Native - -
prostrate spurge, red-gland spurge, squaw sandmat Chamaesyce melanadenia Present Native Unknown
pelotazo Abutilon incanum Present Native Unknown
purple 3-awn, purple threeawn, purple three-awn, red threeawn Aristida purpurea Present Native Unknown
Plains lovegrass Eragrostis intermedia Present Native Common
purple love grass, purple lovegrass, spreading lovegrass, tufted lovegrass Eragrostis pectinacea Present Native Unknown
Parry cloak fern Cheilanthes parryi Unconfirmed Native - -
Pennsylvania Pellitory Parietaria pensylvanica Present Native Common
pygmy weed Crassula connata Unconfirmed Native - -
pale desert-thorn, pale wolfberry Lycium pallidum Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
rayless encelia Encelia frutescens Present Native Unknown
redroot cryptantha Cryptantha micrantha Present Native Unknown
Recurved cryptanth Cryptantha recurvata Unconfirmed Native - -
rock phacelia, rock scorpionweed, rock scorpion-weed Phacelia rupestris Unconfirmed Native - -
rose bladderpod Lesquerella purpurea Present Native Uncommon
red four-o'clock, scarlet four o'clock, scarlet four-o'clock Mirabilis coccinea Present Native Rare
redberry juniper Juniperus coahuilensis Present Native Unknown
rosy gilia Gilia sinuata Present Native Unknown
rush milkweed Asclepias subulata Unconfirmed Native - -
rock sage Salvia pinguifolia Present Native Uncommon
rough menodora Menodora scabra Present Native Uncommon
redseed plantain Plantago rhodosperma Present Native Uncommon
rattlesnake weed, whitemargin euphorbia, whitemargin sandmat, whitemargin spurge Chamaesyce albomarginata Unconfirmed Native - -
Redtop Agrostis gigantea Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Rothrock's grama Bouteloua rothrockii Unconfirmed Native - -
ripgut brome Bromus diandrus Present Non-native Common
ripgut brome Bromus rigidus Present Non-native Unknown
red brome Bromus rubens Present Non-native Abundant
Rabbit barley Hordeum murinum Present Non-native Unknown
rabbit-foot grass Polypogon monspeliensis Present Non-native Rare
red morning glory Ipomoea coccinea Unconfirmed Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
southwestern carrot Daucus pusillus Present Native Uncommon
soaptree yucca Yucca elata Present Native Unknown
sunflowers Asteraceae - - - - - -
seepwillow Baccharis salicifolia Present Native Uncommon
slimlobe bahia, slim-lobe false goldfields Bahia biternata Unconfirmed Native - -
Spiny brickellbush Brickellia atractyloides Present Native Uncommon
spreading daisy, spreading fleabane Erigeron divergens Present Native Uncommon
slender goldenweed Machaeranthera gracilis Present Native Unknown
sow thistle, sowthistle Sonchus - - - - - -
Spiny-leaved Sow Thistle Sonchus asper Present Non-native Uncommon
scorpion-weed Phacelia - - - - - -
Shepherd's Purse Capsella bursa-pastoris Present Non-native Uncommon
saguaro Carnegiea gigantea Present Native Unknown
Shrubby sandwort Arenaria macradenia Present Native Unknown
Sleepy Catchfly Silene antirrhina Present Native Unknown
shining chickweed Stellaria nitens Present Native Unknown
scarlet spiderling Boerhavia coccinea Present Native Unknown
Showy four-o'clock Mirabilis multiflora Present Native Unknown
sorrel buckwheat Eriogonum polycladon Present Native Unknown
Spreading eriastrum Eriastrum diffusum Present Native Unknown
slender phlox Phlox gracilis Present Native Unknown
shrubby deervetch Lotus rigidus Present Native Uncommon
scarlet lupine Lupinus concinnus Present Native Unknown
spider antelopehorn Asclepias asperula Present Native Unknown
stickywilly Galium aparine Present Non-native Uncommon
Singleleaf ash Fraxinus anomala Present Native Uncommon
snapdragon vine Maurandella antirrhiniflora Present Native Unknown
Sinuous mariposa Calochortus flexuosus Present Native Uncommon
sego lily, sego-lily Calochortus nuttallii Present Native Unknown
spurge Euphorbia - - - - - -
slender janusia Janusia gracilis Present Native Uncommon
suncup Camissonia - - - - - -
sun cup Camissonia californica Present Native Unknown
sun-drops Camissonia contorta Present Native Uncommon
small evening-primrose Camissonia micrantha Present Native Unknown
sandysoil suncup, sandy-soil suncup Camissonia strigulosa Unconfirmed Native - -
small-flowered willow-herb, vernal willow-herb Epilobium minutum Unconfirmed Native - -
sixweeks threeawn Aristida adscensionis Present Native Unknown
spidergrass Aristida ternipes Present Native Unknown
Silver Beardgrass Bothriochloa saccharoides Unconfirmed Native - -
sixweeks grama Bouteloua barbata Present Native Unknown
sideoats grama Bouteloua curtipendula Present Native Common
slender grama Bouteloua repens Present Native Unknown
Stinkgrass, Skunkgrass Eragrostis cilianensis Present Non-native Unknown
spike dropseed Sporobolus contractus Present Native Unknown
sand dropseed Sporobolus cryptandrus Present Native Uncommon
Slim tridens Tridens muticus Present Native Unknown
star cloakfern Notholaena standleyi Present Native Unknown
spiny cliffbrake Pellaea truncata Present Native Common
sycamore Platanus - - - - - -
southwestern prickly poppy, southwestern pricklypoppy Argemone pleiacantha Unconfirmed Native - -
sugarberry Celtis laevigata Present Native Unknown
spiny redberry Rhamnus crocea Present Native Unknown
sugar bush Rhus ovata Present Native Uncommon
silverleaf nightshade Solanum elaeagnifolium Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Twincrest onion Allium bisceptrum Unconfirmed Native - -
turpentine-bush Ericameria laricifolia Present Native Common
threadleaf snakeweed Gutierrezia microcephala Unconfirmed Native - -
tatalencho Gymnosperma glutinosum Present Native Uncommon
Tidytips Layia glandulosa Present Native Uncommon
Takhoka-daisy, tanseyleaf aster, tanseyleaf goldenweed, tanseyleaf tansyaster Machaeranthera tanacetifolia Present Native Unknown
threadleaf groundsel, threadleaf ragwort Senecio flaccidus Unconfirmed Native - -
triangle goldeneye Viguiera deltoidea Unconfirmed Native - -
Tumble Mustard Sisymbrium altissimum Present Non-native Unknown
Tumbleweed Amaranthus albus Present Native Unknown
teddybear cholla Opuntia bigelovii Present Native Common
trailing four-o'clock Allionia incarnata Present Native Uncommon
Turbinella live-oak Quercus turbinella Present Native Common
Texas milkvine Matelea producta Present Native Unknown
Texas stork's bill Erodium texanum Present Native Uncommon
Texas toadflax Nuttallanthus texanus Present Native Unknown
threadstem sandmat, thread-stem sandmat, threadstem spurge Chamaesyce revoluta Unconfirmed Native - -
Trans-Pecos ayenia Ayenia filiformis Present Native Unknown
Thurber's cotton, wild cotton Gossypium thurberi Unconfirmed Native - -
tufted evening primrose, tufted evening-primrose Oenothera caespitosa Present Native Unknown
tanglehead Heteropogon contortus Present Native Uncommon
tobosa, tobosagrass Pleuraphis mutica Unconfirmed Native - -
tuber anemone Anemone tuberosa Present Native Uncommon
Texas mulberry Morus microphylla Present Native Unknown
tree tobacco Nicotiana glauca Present Non-native Rare
thickleaf ground-cherry Physalis crassifolia Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
upland cotton Gossypium hirsutum Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Virgin Valley brittlebush Encelia virginensis Present Native Common
violet dock Rumex violascens Present Native Unknown
velvet mesquite Prosopis velutina