Tumacácori National Historical Park

Rank: 302

Park Description

More than just adobe, plaster, and wood, these ruins evoke tales of life and land transformed by cultures meeting and mixing. Father Kino's 1691 landmark visit to an O'odham village when he established Mission Tumacácori was just one event among many. Wave after wave of change has swept or crept across this realm - this land and its people are not static. Come visit and experience this heritage.

Park Address

Tumacácori National Historical Park 1891 East Frontage Road

Tumacácori, AZ, 85640

Tumacácori National Historical Park Activites

HIKING

WILDLIFE VIEWING

PHOTOGRAPHY


Species in Tumacácori National Historical Park by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in Tumacácori National Historical Park. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.



 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Arizona cotton rat Sigmodon arizonae Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bobcat Lynx rufus Present Native Unknown
Black Bear Ursus americanus Present Native Unknown
Brazilian Free-tailed Bat Tadarida brasiliensis Unconfirmed Native - -
Botta's Pocket Gopher Thomomys bottae Present Native Unknown
Bailey's Pocket Mouse Chaetodipus baileyi Present Native Unknown
Brush Mouse Peromyscus boylii Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
coyote Canis latrans Present Native Unknown
California leaf-nosed bat Macrotus californicus Unconfirmed Native - -
California Myotis Myotis californicus Unconfirmed Native - -
cave myotis Myotis velifer Unconfirmed Native - -
Cottontails Sylvilagus - - - - - -
Coarse-haired Pocket Mice, hispid pocket mice Chaetodipus - - - - - -
Cactus Mouse Peromyscus eremicus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Domestic Cow Bos taurus Present Non-native Unknown
domestic dog, feral dog Canis familiaris Present Non-native Unknown
domestic cat, house cat Felis silvestris Present Non-native Unknown
deer mice, white-footed mice Peromyscus - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Spotted Skunk, spotted skunk Spilogale putorius Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fulvous Harvest Mouse Reithrodontomys fulvescens Present Native Unknown
fulvous cotton rat Sigmodon fulviventer Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hog-nosed skunk, western hog-nosed skunk Conepatus mesoleucus Present Native Unknown
Hooded Skunk Mephitis macroura Present Native Unknown
house mouse Mus musculus Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Javelina Pecari tajacu Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Kit Fox Vulpes macrotis Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mule deer Odocoileus hemionus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Northern Pygmy Mouse Baiomys taylori Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
orthern grasshopper mouse Onychomys leucogaster Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pallid bat Antrozous pallidus Unconfirmed Native - -
prairie deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
raccoon Procyon lotor Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis Present Native Unknown
Sonoran Desert pocket mouse Chaetodipus penicillatus Present Native Unknown
southern grasshopper mouse Onychomys torridus Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
unknown deer Odocoileus - - - - - -
unknown skunk Mephitis - - - - - -
unknown desert shrew Notiosorex - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Present Native Unknown
white-throated woodrat Neotoma albigula Present Native Unknown
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Present Native Unknown
western harvest mouse Reithrodontomys megalotis Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Yellow-nosed Cotton Rat Sigmodon ochrognathus Present Native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Golden Eagle, Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos Present Native Rare
American Rough-legged Hawk, Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus Present Native Occasional
Anna's Hummingbird Calypte anna Present Native Uncommon
American Peregrine Falcon, Duck Hawk, Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Present Native Uncommon
american kestrel Falco sparverius Present Native Uncommon
Abert's Towhee Pipilo aberti Present Native Common
american tree sparrow Spizella arborea Not In Park Unknown - -
american goldfinch Carduelis tristis Probably Present Native - -
American Pipit, American Water Pipit, Water Pipit Anthus rubescens Present Native Uncommon
american robin Turdus migratorius Present Native Uncommon
Ash-throated Flycatcher Myiarchus cinerascens Present Native Common
Arkansas Kingbird, Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis Present Native Common
American Egret, Common Egret?, Great Egret Ardea alba Present Native Rare
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
black vulture Coragyps atratus Present Native Common
Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis Present Native Uncommon
Black-chinned Hummingbird Archilochus alexandri Present Native Common
Broad-billed Hummingbird Cynanthus latirostris Present Native Common
Blue-throated Hummingbird Lampornis clemenciae Unconfirmed Native - -
Broad-tailed Hummingbird Selasphorus platycercus Present Native Uncommon
Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus Unconfirmed Native - -
Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata Unconfirmed Native - -
Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon Present Native Rare
Bushtit Psaltriparus minimus Present Native Uncommon
Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea Present Native Common
Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus Present Native Uncommon
Brown Creeper Certhia americana Present Native Rare
Black-throated Sparrow Amphispiza bilineata Present Native Common
Brown Towhee, Canyon Towhee Pipilo fuscus Present Native Uncommon
Black-chinned Sparrow Spizella atrogularis Unconfirmed Native - -
Brewer's Sparrow Spizella breweri Present Native Common
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Common
Bank Swallow, Common Bank Swallow Riparia riparia Present Native Rare
Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus Present Native Uncommon
Bullock's Oriole Icterus bullockii Present Native Uncommon
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Present Native Rare
Bronzed Cowbird Molothrus aeneus Present Native Uncommon
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Native Common
Bendire's Thrasher Toxostoma bendirei Unconfirmed Unknown - -
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Bridled titmouse Baeolophus wollweberi Present Native Uncommon
Black-throated Gray Warbler Dendroica nigrescens Present Native Uncommon
blue-gray gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Present Native Uncommon
Black-tailed Gnatcatcher Polioptila melanura Present Native Uncommon
Bewick's Wren, Eastern Bewick's Wren Thryomanes bewickii Present Native Common
Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus Present Native Common
Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans Present Native Common
Bell's Vireo Vireo bellii Present Native Common
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Black-crowned Night Heron, Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Present Native Rare
burrowing owl Athene cunicularia Unconfirmed Native - -
Barn Owl, North American Barn Owl Tyto alba Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
cooper's hawk Accipiter cooperii Present Native Uncommon
Common Black-Hawk Buteogallus anthracinus Present Native Uncommon
Common Mallard, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Present Native Uncommon
Costa's Hummingbird Calypte costae Present Native Rare
Calliope Hummingbird Stellula calliope Present Native Rare
Common Poorwill Phalaenoptilus nuttallii Present Native Rare
Common Snipe, Wilson's Common Snipe, Wilson's Snipe Gallinago gallinago Present Native Rare
Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina Present Native Common
Coots, Rails, Waterhens Rallidae - - - - - -
cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Present Native Uncommon
Common Raven, Northern Raven, Raven Corvus corax Present Native Common
Chihuahuan Raven Corvus cryptoleucus Present Native Uncommon
Cassin's Sparrow Aimophila cassinii Present Native Rare
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present Native Uncommon
Cliff Swallow, Eastern Cliff Swallow, Eave Swallow, Northern Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Present Native Uncommon
Crissal Thrasher Toxostoma crissale Present Native Uncommon
Curve-billed Thrasher Toxostoma curvirostre Present Native Common
common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Present Native Uncommon
Cactus Wren Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus Present Native Common
Cordilleran Flycatcher Empidonax occidentalis Unconfirmed Native - -
Cassin's Kingbird Tyrannus vociferans Present Native Common
Cassin's Vireo Vireo cassinii Present Native Uncommon
- - Colaptes auratus cafer - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Dowitchers Limnodromus - - - - - -
dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis Present Native Uncommon
Dusky Flycatcher Empidonax oberholseri Present Native Uncommon
Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer Present Native Uncommon
Double-crested Cormorant, Northern Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto Present Non-native Uncommon
Eastern Pigeon Hawk, Merlin, Pigeon Hawk Falco columbarius Present Native Rare
Eastern Lark Sparrow, Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Savannah Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Present Native Rare
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Vesper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Present Native Rare
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present Non-native Common
Empidonax Flycatchers Empidonax - - - - - -
eastern phoebe Sayornis phoebe Present Native Occasional
Elf Owl Micrathene whitneyi Present Native Uncommon
Elegant Trogon Trogon elegans Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Flickers Colaptes - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Gray Hawk Buteo nitidus Present Native Uncommon
Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana Present Native Rare
Greater Roadrunner Geococcyx californianus Present Native Uncommon
Gambel's Quail Callipepla gambelii Present Native Common
Green-tailed Towhee Pipilo chlorurus Present Native Uncommon
Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus Present Native Common
gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis Unconfirmed Native - -
Grace's Warbler Dendroica graciae Unconfirmed Native - -
Gray Flycatcher Empidonax wrightii Present Native Uncommon
Gray Kingbird Tyrannus dominicensis Not In Park Non-native - -
Gray Vireo Vireo vicinior Present Native Rare
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present Native Uncommon
Green-backed Heron, Striated Heron Butorides striata Unconfirmed Native - -
Gilded Flicker Colaptes chrysoides Present Native Uncommon
Gila Woodpecker Melanerpes uropygialis Present Native Common
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Harris's Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus Present Native Occasional
Hummingbirds Trochilidae - - - - - -
horned lark Eremophila alpestris Unconfirmed Native - -
house finch Carpodacus mexicanus Present Native Common
Hooded Oriole Icterus cucullatus Present Native Uncommon
house sparrow Passer domesticus Present Non-native Common
Hepatic Tanager Piranga flava Present Native Rare
house wren Troglodytes aedon Present Native Uncommon
hermit thrush Catharus guttatus Present Native Uncommon
Hammond's Flycatcher Empidonax hammondii Present Native Uncommon
Hutton's Vireo Vireo huttoni Present Native Rare
hairy woodpecker Picoides villosus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Inca Dove Columbina inca Present Native Uncommon
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Killdeer, Northern Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis Present Native Uncommon
Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena Present Native Uncommon
Lincoln's Sparrow, Northern Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Present Native Uncommon
Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria Present Native Common
loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus Present Native Rare
Louisana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla Present Native Occasional
Lucy's Warbler Vermivora luciae Present Native Common
Long-billed Marsh Wren, Marsh Wren, Prairie Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris Present Native Rare
Lewis' Woodpecker Melanerpes lewis Present Native Occasional
Ladder-backed Woodpecker Picoides scalaris Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis Present Native Rare
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Common
Montezuma Quail Cyrtonyx montezumae Unconfirmed Native - -
MacGillivray's Warbler Oporornis tolmiei Present Native Uncommon
Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Present Native Uncommon
northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Present Native Common
northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Present Native Uncommon
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Present Native Common
northern parula Parula americana Present Native Occasional
Northern Waterthrush, Northern Water-Thrush Seiurus noveboracensis Present Native Rare
nashville warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Present Native Uncommon
Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma imberbe Present Native Uncommon
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla Present Native Occasional
orange-crowned warbler Vermivora celata Present Native Uncommon
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pyrrhuloxia Cardinalis sinuatus Present Native Uncommon
Painted Bunting Passerina ciris Present Native Occasional
Pine siskin Carduelis pinus Present Native Uncommon
purple martin Progne subis Present Native Uncommon
Phainopepla Phainopepla nitens Present Native Common
Plumbeous Vireo Vireo plumbeus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present Native Common
Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus Present Native Rare
rock dove Columba livia Present Non-native Common
Rose-throated Becard Pachyramphus aglaiae Present Native Occasional
Rufous-winged Sparrow Aimophila carpalis Present Native Common
Rufous-crowned Sparrow Aimophila ruficeps Present Native Uncommon
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Rare
ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula Present Native Common
Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sharp-shinned hawk Accipiter striatus Present Native Rare
Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus Present Native Occasional
Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni Present Native Uncommon
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius Present Native Rare
Scaled Quail Callipepla squamata Unconfirmed Native - -
Sage Sparrow Amphispiza belli Unconfirmed Native - -
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Present Native Common
Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus Present Native Rare
Scott's Oriole Icterus parisorum Present Native Rare
Streak-backed Oriole Icterus pustulatus Present Native Occasional
summer tanager Piranga rubra Present Native Common
swainson's thrush Catharus ustulatus Present Native Rare
Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher Myiodynastes luteiventris Unconfirmed Native - -
Say's Phoebe Sayornis saya Present Native Common
Snowy Egret Egretta thula Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Common
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Present Native Uncommon
Townsend's Warbler Dendroica townsendi Present Native Rare
Townsend's Solitaire Myadestes townsendi Present Native Rare
Thick-billed Kingbird Tyrannus crassirostris Present Native Uncommon
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Vaux's Swift Chaetura vauxi Present Native Rare
Violet-crowned Hummingbird Amazilia violiceps Present Native Occasional
Varied Bunting Passerina versicolor Present Native Uncommon
Violet-green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina Present Native Uncommon
Virginia's Warbler Vermivora virginiae Present Native Uncommon
Verdin Auriparus flaviceps Present Native Common
Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-throated swift Aeronautes saxatalis Present Native Uncommon
White-eared Hummingbird Hylocharis leucotis Present Native Occasional
Wood Stork Mycteria americana Not In Park Non-native - -
White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica Present Native Common
Western Scrub-Jay Aphelocoma californica Present Native Occasional
white-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Present Native Occasional
white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Present Native Common
Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta Present Native Rare
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorum Present Native Occasional
wilson's warbler Wilsonia pusilla Present Native Uncommon
white-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Present Native Uncommon
Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana Present Native Uncommon
Western Bluebird Sialia mexicana Unconfirmed Native - -
western wood-pewee Contopus sordidulus Present Native Uncommon
Western Flycatcher Empidonax difficilis Present Native Uncommon
willow flycatcher Empidonax traillii Probably Present Native - -
warbling vireo Vireo gilvus Present Native Uncommon
White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi Present Native Rare
Woodpeckers, Wrynecks Picidae - - - - - -
Western Screech-Owl Megascops kennicottii Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Present Native Uncommon
Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Present Native Rare
yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata Present Native Common
yellow warbler Dendroica petechia Present Native Common
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens Present Native Common
yellow-bellied flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris Unconfirmed Unknown - -
yellow-throated vireo Vireo flavifrons Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus Present Native Uncommon

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Amphisbaenians, Lizards, Snakes Squamata - - - - - -
Arizona coral snake Micruroides euryxanthus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Bullsnake, Gopher Snake Pituophis catenifer Present Native Uncommon
Big Bend Patch-nosed Snake Salvadora hexalepis Present Native Uncommon
Big Bend Tree Lizard Urosaurus ornatus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Earless Lizard, Common Lesser Earless Lizard, Lesser Earless Lizard Holbrookia maculata Present Native Common
Clark's Spiny Lizard Sceloporus clarkii Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Desert Grassland Whiptail Cnemidophorus uniparens Present Native Abundant
Desert Tortoise Gopherus agassizii Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern fence lizard Sceloporus undulatus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Long-nosed Snake Rhinocheilus lecontei Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
ornate box turtle, Western Box Turtle Terrapene ornata Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Regal Horned Lizard Phrynosoma solare Present Native Common
Racerunners, Whiptails Cnemidophorus - - - - - -
Rattlesnakes Crotalus - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Sonoran whipsnake Masticophis bilineatus Present Native Rare
Smith's Southwestern Black-headed Snake Tantilla hobartsmithi Present Native Uncommon
Spiny Lizards Sceloporus - - - - - -
side-blotched lizard Uta stansburiana Present Native Rare
Sonoran Spotted Whiptail Cnemidophorus sonorae Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Texas Nightsnake Hypsiglena torquata Present Native Uncommon
Twin-spotted Spiny Lizard Sceloporus magister Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Western Coachwhip Masticophis flagellum Present Native Common
western whiptail Cnemidophorus tigris Present Native Common
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake, Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake Crotalus atrox Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Amphibians, anf?bio Amphibia - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bullfrog Rana catesbeiana Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Colorado River Toad, Sonoran Desert Toad Bufo alvarius Present Native Uncommon
Couch's Spadefoot Scaphiopus couchii Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Great Plains toad Bufo cognatus Present Native Common
Great Plains Narrow-mouthed Toad Gastrophryne olivacea Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mexican Spadefoot Spea multiplicata Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
rocky mountain toad Bufo woodhousii Present Native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
desert sucker Catostomus clarkii Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green Sunfish Lepomis cyanellus Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
longfin dace Agosia chrysogaster Present Native Unknown
Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Sonora sucker Catostomus insignis Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
western mosquitofish Gambusia affinis Present Non-native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
- - Apiaceae - - - - - -
agave, agave species Agave - - - - - -
annual ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia Present Native Unknown
asthmaweed, flax-leaf fleabane, flaxleaved fleabane, hairy fleabane, wavy-leaf fleabane Conyza bonariensis Present Non-native Unknown
Arizona blackfoot Melampodium longicorne Present Native Unknown
American threefold, American trixis, California trixis Trixis californica Present Native Unknown
Arizona phacelia Phacelia arizonica Present Native Unknown
Arizona popcornflower, CALIFORNIA BURCLOVER Plagiobothrys arizonicus Present Native Unknown
arid goosefoot, aridland goosefoot, desert goosefoot, narrowleaf goosefoot Chenopodium desiccatum Present Native Unknown
Abert's buckwheat Eriogonum abertianum Present Native Unknown
athel Tamarix aphylla Present Non-native Unknown
- - Acacia - - - - - -
Arizona locoweed, Arizona milkvetch Astragalus arizonicus Present Native Unknown
annual yellow sweetclover, Indian sweet-clover Melilotus indicus Present Non-native Unknown
Arizona black walnut, Arizona walnut, New Mexico walnut Juglans major Present Native Unknown
alfilaria Erodium cicutarium Present Non-native Unknown
Arizona carlowrightia, Arizona wrightwort Carlowrightia arizonica Present Native Unknown
alkali mallow Malvella leprosa Present Native Unknown
annual threeawn, perennial threeawn, perennial threeawn species, threeawn Aristida - - - - - -
Arizona cottontop Digitaria californica Present Native Unknown
annual muhly, delicate muhly Muhlenbergia fragilis Present Native Unknown
Arabian schismus Schismus arabicus Present Non-native Unknown
alkali sacaton, alkali-sacaton Sporobolus airoides Present Native Unknown
Arizona signalgrass Urochloa arizonica Present Native Unknown
Arizona sycamore Platanus wrightii - - - - - -
annual pricklypoppy, bluestem prickly poppy, crested pricklypoppy, pricklypoppy, thistle poppy, white prickly poppy Argemone polyanthemos Present Native Unknown
Arizona blackberry, Arizona dewberry Rubus arizonensis Present Native Unknown
Anderson wolfberry, Anderson's wolfberry, water jacket Lycium andersonii Present Native Unknown
Arizona poppy, orange caltrop Kallstroemia grandiflora Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bristly scaleseed, bristly-fruit scaleseed Spermolepis echinata Present Native Unknown
bluedicks Dichelostemma capitatum Present Native Unknown
bursage, ragweed Ambrosia - - - - - -
baccharis Baccharis - - - - - -
Beggar Ticks, Stick-tight Bidens frondosa Present Native Unknown
bur-marifold, stick-tights Bidens laevis Present Native Unknown
beggar's ticks, cobbler's pegs, common beggarticks, fisi`uli, hairy beggarticks, kofe tonga, matakaro, romerillo, Spanish needles, spanish-needles Bidens pilosa Present Non-native Unknown
burroweed Isocoma tenuisecta Present Native Unknown
bristlelobe cryptantha, narrowleaf pick-me-not, Panamint catseye, Panamint cryptantha Cryptantha angustifolia Present Native Unknown
brown-spined prickly pear Opuntia phaeacantha Present Native Uncommon
big talinum, jewels of Opar Talinum paniculatum Present Native Unknown
buffalo gourd Cucurbita foetidissima Present Native Unknown
bird of paradise, bird-of-paradise, bird-of-paradise shrub, Mexican bird of paradise, paradise caesalpinia, paradise poinciana Caesalpinia gilliesii Present Non-native Unknown
bur clover, bur medick, burclover, California burclover, toothed medick Medicago polymorpha Present Non-native Unknown
blue paloverde Parkinsonia florida Present Native Unknown
blue milkwort Polygala barbeyana Present Native Unknown
blue water speedwell, water speedwell Veronica anagallis-aquatica Present Native Unknown
blue weed, ground spurge, prostrate sandmat, prostrate spurge Chamaesyce prostrata Present Native Unknown
buff petal, buffpetal Rhynchosida physocalyx Present Native Unknown
blue grama Bouteloua gracilis Present Native Unknown
Bromegrass Bromus tectorum Present Non-native Unknown
burgrass, field sandbur, innocent-weed, longspine sandbur, mat sandbur, sandbur Cenchrus longispinus Present Native Unknown
Bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon Present Non-native Unknown
barnyardgrass, cockspur, cockspur grass Echinochloa - - - - - -
Barnyard Grass Echinochloa crus-galli Present Non-native Unknown
bottlebrush squirreltail, squirreltail, western bottle-brush grass Elymus elymoides Present Native Unknown
Barley Hordeum vulgare Present Non-native Unknown
bull muhly, bullgrass Muhlenbergia emersleyi - - - - - -
bush muhly Muhlenbergia porteri Present Native Unknown
Bigelow bluegrass Poa bigelovii Present Native Unknown
black amber, broomcorn, broom-corn, chicken corn, shatter cane, shattercane, sorghum, wild cane Sorghum bicolor Present Non-native Unknown
big sacaton Sporobolus wrightii Present Native Unknown
browntop panicum Urochloa fasciculata Present Native Unknown
barestem larkspur, tall mountain larkspur Delphinium scaposum Present Native Unknown
bigtooth maple, canyon maple, sugar maple, Uvalde big-tooth maple Acer grandidentatum - - - - - -
bigseed alfalfa dodder, largeseed dodder, pretty dodder Cuscuta indecora Present Native Unknown
Berlandier wolfberry Lycium berlandieri Present Native Unknown
bullhead, caltrop, goathead, Mexican sandbur, puncture vine, Texas sandbur Tribulus terrestris Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
common sotol Dasylirion wheeleri Present Native Unknown
Cuman ragweed, perennial ragweed, western ragweed Ambrosia psilostachya Present Native Unknown
cudweed sagewort, gray sagewort, Louisiana sagewort, Louisiana wormwood, mugwort wormwood, prairie sage, white sagebrush Artemisia ludoviciana Present Native Unknown
Canadian horseweed Conyza canadensis Present Native Unknown
cudweed Gnaphalium - - - - - -
cudweed, lowland cudweed, marsh everlasting, western marsh cudweed Gnaphalium palustre Present Native Unknown
Common Sunflower Helianthus annuus Present Native Unknown
camphorweed Heterotheca subaxillaris Present Native Unknown
cheeseweed burrobrush, singlewhorl burrobrush, singlewhorl burrobush Hymenoclea monogyra Present Native Unknown
common goldenbush, goldenweed Isocoma coronopifolia - - - - - -
China lettuce, prickly lettuce, wild lettuce Lactuca serriola Present Non-native Unknown
Coulter's conyza Laennecia coulteri Present Native Unknown
cutleaf goldenweed, lacy tansyaster, lacy tansy-aster, pinnate machaeranthera, spiny goldenweed Machaeranthera pinnatifida Present Native Unknown
Cleveland's chicory Malacothrix clevelandii Present Native Unknown
Common Sow Thistle Sonchus oleraceus Present Non-native Unknown
cowpen daisy Verbesina encelioides Present Native Unknown
cocklebur Xanthium - - - - - -
cocklebur Xanthium strumarium Present Native Unknown
- - Cryptantha - - - - - -
COMB BUR, hairy-leaved comb bar Pectocarya heterocarpa Present Native Unknown
combbur, curvenut combseed, recurve combseed Pectocarya recurvata Present Native Unknown
caterpillarweed, cleftleaf wildheliotrope, notch-leaf scorpion-weed Phacelia crenulata Present Native Unknown
common clammy-weed Polanisia dodecandra Present Native Unknown
creeping chaffweed, khakiweed Alternanthera pungens Present Native Unknown
Common Saltwort Salsola kali Present Non-native Unknown
candy barrel cactus, fishhook barrel cactus Ferocactus wislizeni Present Native Uncommon
cholla, pricklypear Opuntia - - - - - -
Christmas cholla Opuntia leptocaulis Present Native Unknown
California loeflingia, spreading pygmyleaf Loeflingia squarrosa Present Non-native Unknown
Carpetweed Mollugo verticillata Present Native Unknown
Coulter's spiderling Boerhavia coulteri Present Native Unknown
climbing spiderling, climbing wartclub, wishbone vine Boerhavia scandens Present Native Unknown
creeping spiderling Boerhavia spicata Present Native Unknown
Curly dock Rumex crispus Present Non-native Unknown
canaigre, canaigre dock Rumex hymenosepalus - - - - - -
chaparral honeysuckle Lonicera interrupta Present Native Unknown
catclaw acacia Acacia greggii Present Native Unknown
catclaw mimosa, mimosa Mimosa aculeaticarpa Present Native Unknown
Coulter's wrinklefruit Tetraclea coulteri Present Native Unknown
Cooper's broomrape, desert broomrape Orobanche cooperi Present Native Unknown
common monkeyflower, seep monkeyflower Mimulus guttatus Present Native Unknown
Common Plantain Plantago major Present Native Unknown
copperleaf Acalypha - - - - - -
catnip noseburn Tragia nepetifolia Present Native Unknown
cottonwood, Fremont's cottonwood Populus fremontii Present Native Unknown
crested anoda Anoda cristata Present Native Unknown
cheeseweed mallow Malva parviflora Present Non-native Unknown
creeping yellow sida Sida abutifolia Present Non-native Unknown
copper mallow, orange globemallow, red falsemallow, scarlet globemallow Sphaeralcea coccinea - - - - - -
caliche globemallow Sphaeralcea laxa - - - - - -
creeping primrosewillow, creeping primrose-willow, creeping waterpurslane Ludwigia repens Present Native Unknown
creeping oxalis, creeping woodsorrel, 'ihi, yellow oxalis, yellow wood sorrel Oxalis corniculata Present Native Unknown
chufa flatsedge, yellow nutgrass, yellow nutsedge Cyperus esculentus Present Non-native Unknown
cane bluestem Bothriochloa barbinodis Present Native Unknown
common sandbur Cenchrus spinifex Present Native Unknown
cotta grass Cottea pappophoroides Present Native Unknown
crowfoot grass, Durban crowsfoot grass, Egyptian grass Dactyloctenium aegyptium Present Non-native Unknown
canyon cupgrass, southwest cupgrass Eriochloa lemmonii - - - - - -
Common curleymesquite, curleymesquite, curly mesquite, curlymesquite, curly-mesquite Hilaria belangeri Present Native Unknown
cliff muhly Muhlenbergia polycaulis - - - - - -
California poppy Eschscholzia californica Present Native Unknown
corn poppy Papaver rhoeas Present Non-native Unknown
clematis, leather flower Clematis - - - - - -
Chinaberry Melia azedarach Present Non-native Unknown
creeping jenny, European bindweed, field bindweed, perennial morningglory, smallflowered morningglory Convolvulus arvensis - - - - - -
canyon morningglory, canyon morning-glory Ipomoea barbatisepala Present Native Unknown
crestrib morning glory Ipomoea costellata Present Native Unknown
Chinese thornapple, Chinese thorn-apple Datura quercifolia Present Non-native Unknown
canyon grape Vitis arizonica Present Native Unknown
creosotebush Larrea tridentata Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
desert holly, dwarf desertpeony Acourtia nana Present Native Unknown
desertbroom Baccharis sarothroides Present Native Unknown
desert marigold Baileya multiradiata Present Native Unknown
dogbane dyssodia, dogweed, fetid dogweed, fetid marigold, fetid-marigold, prairie dogweed Dyssodia papposa Present Native Unknown
desert zinnia, spinyleaf zinnia Zinnia acerosa Present Native Unknown
dainty desert hideseed, SMALL-FLOWERED EUCRYPTA Eucrypta micrantha Present Native Unknown
desert horsepurslane, desert horse-purslane, horse purslane Trianthema portulacastrum Present Native Unknown
desert goosefoot Chenopodium pratericola Present Native Unknown
desert trumpet, Native American pipeweed Eriogonum inflatum - - - - - -
dotted smartweed Polygonum punctatum Present Native Unknown
dock Rumex - - - - - -
desert willow Chilopsis linearis Present Native Unknown
desert unicorn-plant, devils claw, devilshorn, straighttube devilsclaw Proboscidea althaeifolia Present Native Unknown
devilsclaw, doubleclaw Proboscidea parviflora Present Native Unknown
desert vervain, Goodding's verbena, southwestern mock vervain Glandularia gooddingii Present Native Unknown
desert mariposa lily Calochortus kennedyi Present Native Unknown
desert spurge, Sonoran sandmat Chamaesyce micromera Present Native Unknown
doveweed, goatweed, skunkweed, Texas croton Croton texensis Present Native Unknown
desert evening primrose Oenothera primiveris Present Native Unknown
dallas grass, dallis grass, dallisgrass, herbe de miel, herbe sirop, hiku nua, palpalum dilate, water grass Paspalum dilatatum Present Non-native Unknown
dropseed, dropseed spp. Sporobolus - - - - - -
desert ceanothus Ceanothus greggii Present Native Unknown
desert-thorn, wolfberry, wolfberry species Lycium - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Engelmann's prickly pear Opuntia engelmannii - - - - - -
erect spiderling Boerhavia erecta Present Native Unknown
erect dayflower Commelina erecta Present Native Unknown
European black elder Sambucus nigra Present Native Unknown
El Paso gilia Gilia mexicana Present Native Unknown
exserted Indian paintbrush, Indian paintbrush Castilleja exserta Present Native Unknown
Emory's desertmallow, Emory's globemallow Sphaeralcea emoryi Present Native Unknown
evening primrose, eveningprimrose, evening-primrose Oenothera - - - - - -
eight-flower six-weeks grass, pullout grass, sixweeks fescue, sixweeks grass Vulpia octoflora Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
field ragweed Ambrosia confertiflora Present Native Unknown
fewflower beggarticks, few-flower beggarticks Bidens leptocephala Present Native Unknown
Fendler's desert dandelion, Fendler's desertdandelion Malacothrix fendleri Present Native Unknown
Filiform desert-dandelion Malacothrix glabrata Present Native Unknown
FIDDLENECK Amsinckia menziesii Present Native Unknown
flat-spine sheepburr, flatspine stickseed, western sticktight Lappula occidentalis Present Native Unknown
flaxweed tansymustard, flixweed, flixweed tansymustard, herb sophia, herb-sophia, pinnate tansymustard, tansymustard Descurainia sophia Present Non-native Unknown
fringed amaranth, fringed pigweed Amaranthus fimbriatus Present Native Unknown
fourwing saltbush Atriplex canescens Present Native Unknown
Fremont's goosefoot Chenopodium fremontii Present Native Unknown
fringed redmaids Calandrinia ciliata Present Native Unknown
fivewing spiderling, five-wing spiderling, Jone's boerhavia Boerhavia intermedia - - - - - -
Five-stamen tamarisk Tamarix chinensis Present Non-native Unknown
fingerleaf gourd Cucurbita digitata Present Native Unknown
field horsetail Equisetum arvense - - - - - -
fairyduster, false mesquite Calliandra eriophylla Present Native Unknown
fringed twinevine Funastrum cynanchoides Present Native Unknown
fragrant flatsedge Cyperus odoratus Present Native Unknown
Feather finger grass Chloris virgata Present Native Unknown
fluffgrass Dasyochloa pulchella Present Native Unknown
flatglobe dodder, flat-globe dodder Cuscuta umbellata Present Native Unknown
fiddleleaf tobacco Nicotiana repanda Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Great Ragweed Ambrosia trifida Present Native Unknown
goldenbush, rubber rabbitbrush Ericameria nauseosa Present Native Unknown
goldeneye Viguiera - - - - - -
glandular threadplant, threadplant Nemacladus glanduliferus Present Native Unknown
green tansymustard, pinnate tansy mustard, pinnate tansymustard, tansymustard, western tansymustard Descurainia pinnata Present Native Unknown
Gordon bladderpod Lesquerella gordonii Present Native Unknown
goosefoot Chenopodium - - - - - -
grassland pricklypear, plains twistspine pricklypear, twistspine pricklypear Opuntia macrorhiza Present Native Unknown
glossy privet, tree privet Ligustrum lucidum Present Non-native Unknown
Goodding willow Salix gooddingii Present Native Unknown
giant cane Arundo donax Present Non-native Unknown
green sprangletop Leptochloa dubia Present Native Unknown
Grisebach bristlegrass Setaria grisebachii Present Native Unknown
granjeno Celtis pallida Present Native Unknown
graythorn, Lote bush, lotebush Ziziphus obtusifolia Present Native Unknown
greenspot nightshade, green-spot nightshade Solanum douglasii Present Native Unknown
garden tomato Solanum lycopersicum Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hoary bowlesia Bowlesia incana Present Native Unknown
Hoary dusty-maiden Chaenactis douglasii - - - - - -
Hairy-pod pepperwort Lepidium lasiocarpum Present Native Unknown
honeysweet Tidestromia - - - - - -
horsetail, smooth horsetail, smooth scouringrush, smooth scouring-rush Equisetum laevigatum Present Native Unknown
Halfmoon milkvetch Astragalus allochrous Present Native Unknown
hairy fournwort Tetramerium nervosum Present Native Unknown
henbit deadnettle Lamium amplexicaule Present Non-native Unknown
horehound, white horehound Marrubium vulgare Present Non-native Unknown
hophornbeam copperleaf, pineland threeseed mercury Acalypha ostryifolia Present Native Unknown
hyssop-leaf spurge Chamaesyce hyssopifolia Present Native Unknown
horned spurge Euphorbia brachycera - - - - - -
Hybrids Populus - - - - - -
hairy crabgrass Digitaria sanguinalis Present Native Unknown
Hall panicum, Hall's panic, Hall's panicgrass, Hall's panicum Panicum hallii Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Indian-fig, tuna cactus Opuntia ficus-indica Present Non-native Unknown
Indian root, Watson's dutchman's pipe Aristolochia watsonii Present Native Unknown
Ill-scented Sumac, skunkbush Rhus trilobata Present Native Unknown
Ivy-leaved morning glory Ipomoea hederacea Present Non-native Unknown
Indian apple Datura inoxia Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Japanese privet Ligustrum japonicum Present Non-native Unknown
jungle-rice Echinochloa colona Present Non-native Unknown
Johnsongrass Sorghum halepense Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
lavender thistle, New Mexico thistle, powderpuff thistle, Utah thistle Cirsium neomexicanum Present Native Unknown
longleaf FALSE goldeneye Heliomeris longifolia Present Native Unknown
leafy marshtail Laennecia sophiifolia Present Native Unknown
Lemmon's groundsel, Lemmon's ragwort Senecio lemmonii - - - - - -
Lindley's silverpuffs Uropappus lindleyi Present Native Unknown
low cryptantha Cryptantha pusilla Present Native Unknown
limestone scorpionweed Phacelia affinis Present Native Unknown
London rocket Sisymbrium irio Present Non-native Unknown
Lamb's Quarters, Pigweed Chenopodium album - - - - - -
Longflower gilia Ipomopsis longiflora Present Native Unknown
low rattlebox Crotalaria pumila Present Native Unknown
LOTUS Lotus humistratus Present Native Unknown
littleleaf palo verde, yellow paloverde Parkinsonia microphylla Present Native Unknown
little redstem monkeyflower, red monkeyflower, redstem monkey-flower Mimulus rubellus Present Native Unknown
leatherweed croton Croton pottsii Present Native Unknown
little leaf abutilon Abutilon parvulum Present Native Unknown
longcapsule suncup, long-capsule suncup, willowherb suncup Camissonia chamaenerioides Present Native Unknown
Lehmann's lovegrass Eragrostis lehmanniana Present Non-native Unknown
Little BARLEY Hordeum pusillum Present Native Unknown
littleseed muhly Muhlenbergia microsperma Present Native Unknown
Long-leaf ground-cherry Physalis longifolia Present Native Unknown
littleleaf ratany Krameria erecta Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
marsh parsley Cyclospermum leptophyllum Present Non-native Unknown
mountain-dandelion Agoseris heterophylla Present Native Unknown
mesa tansyaster, mesa tansy-aster Machaeranthera tagetina Present Native Unknown
mealy goosefoot Chenopodium incanum Present Native Unknown
Mexican manzanita Arctostaphylos pungens - - - - - -
mesquite Prosopis juliflora Present Non-native Unknown
Mexican fireplant, painted euphorbia Euphorbia heterophylla Present Native Unknown
myrtle Myrtus communis Present Non-native Unknown
Mountain brome Bromus carinatus - - - - - -
Mediterranean lovegrass Eragrostis barrelieri Present Non-native Unknown
Mexican panicgrass, roughstalk witchgrass, woodland panic Panicum hirticaule Present Native Unknown
Mediterranean grass Schismus barbatus Present Non-native Unknown
Millet Setaria viridis Present Non-native Unknown
mesquite mistletoe, MISTLETOE Phoradendron californicum Present Native Unknown
morningglory, morning-glory Ipomoea - - - - - -
mudflat petunia Calibrachoa parviflora Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
New Mexico groundsel Packera neomexicana - - - - - -
New Mexico plumseed Rafinesquia neomexicana Present Native Unknown
Nevada cryptanth Cryptantha nevadensis Present Native Unknown
netseed lambsquarters, pigseed goosefoot, pitseed goosefoot, pit-seed goosefoot Chenopodium berlandieri Present Native Unknown
Narrow-leaf goosefoot Chenopodium leptophyllum Present Native Unknown
Nuttall milkvetch, smallflowered milkvetch Astragalus nuttallianus Present Native Unknown
New Mexico ticktrefoil Desmodium neomexicanum Present Native Unknown
New Mexico copperleaf Acalypha neomexicana Present Native Unknown
New Mexico wildmercury Argythamnia neomexicana Present Native Unknown
New Mexico fanpetals Sida neomexicana Present Native Unknown
narrowleaf globe mallow Sphaeralcea angustifolia Present Native Unknown
needle grama Bouteloua aristidoides Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
orange fameflower Talinum aurantiacum Present Native Unknown
oneseed juniper Juniperus monosperma Present Native Unknown
oriental arborvitae Platycladus orientalis Present Non-native Unknown
ocotillo Fouquieria splendens Present Native Unknown
oleander Nerium oleander Present Non-native Unknown
old man's beard Clematis drummondii Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
poison-hemlock Conium maculatum Present Non-native Unknown
plains spring parsley, plains springparsley, stemless springparsley, wild parsley Cymopterus acaulis - - - - - -
prairie sunflower, showy sunflower Helianthus petiolaris Present Native Unknown
pseudognaphalium, Wright's cudweed Pseudognaphalium canescens Present Native Unknown
pepperweed Lepidium - - - - - -
Palmer's amaranth Amaranthus palmeri Present Native Unknown
prickly Russian thistle, tumbleweed Salsola tragus Present Non-native Unknown
purple spiderling Boerhavia purpurascens Present Native Unknown
pigeonberry Rivina humilis Present Native Unknown
Purslane Portulaca oleracea Present Native Unknown
partridge pea, partridge-pea, sensitive partridge pea, sensitive plant Chamaecrista nictitans Present Native Unknown
Periwinkle Vinca major Present Non-native Unknown
Parry's beardtongue, Parry's penstemon Penstemon parryi Present Native Unknown
paleseed Indianwheat, Virginia plantain Plantago virginica Present Native Unknown
Purslane Speedwell or Neckweed Veronica peregrina Present Native Unknown
pillpod sandmat, pill-pod sandmat Chamaesyce hirta Present Native Unknown
prickly fanpetals Sida spinosa Present Native Unknown
pomegranate Punica granatum Present Non-native Unknown
purple 3-awn, purple threeawn, purple three-awn, red threeawn Aristida purpurea Present Native Unknown
purple grama Bouteloua radicosa Present Native Unknown
Plains lovegrass Eragrostis intermedia Present Native Unknown
purple love grass, purple lovegrass, spreading lovegrass, tufted lovegrass Eragrostis pectinacea Present Native Unknown
Pullup muhly Muhlenbergia filiformis Present Native Unknown
Panic Millet Panicum miliaceum - - - - - -
Plains bristlegrass Setaria leucopila Present Native Unknown
plains bristlegrass Setaria vulpiseta Present Native Unknown
pellitory Parietaria - - - - - -
Pennsylvania Pellitory Parietaria pensylvanica Present Native Unknown
prairie sumac Rhus lanceolata Present Native Unknown
Peruvian peppertree Schinus molle Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Rocky Mountain beggarticks Bidens heterosperma - - - - - -
Rose-heath Chaetopappa ericoides Present Native Unknown
roundhead rabbit tobacco Evax verna Present Native Unknown
redroot cryptantha Cryptantha micrantha Present Native Unknown
rough nama Nama hispidum Present Native Unknown
repand wallflower Erysimum repandum Present Non-native Unknown
red goosefoot Chenopodium rubrum Present Native Unknown
redberry juniper Juniperus coahuilensis Present Native Unknown
rosy gilia Gilia sinuata Present Native Unknown
retama Parkinsonia aculeata Present Native Unknown
ruellia, violet ruellia, wild petunia Ruellia nudiflora Present Native Unknown
rattlesnake weed, whitemargin euphorbia, whitemargin sandmat, whitemargin spurge Chamaesyce albomarginata Present Native Unknown
rose sundrops Oenothera rosea Present Native Unknown
Rothrock's grama Bouteloua rothrockii Present Native Unknown
rescue grass Bromus catharticus Present Non-native Unknown
Rabbit barley Hordeum murinum Present Non-native Unknown
rabbit-foot grass Polypogon monspeliensis Present Non-native Unknown
red morning glory Ipomoea coccinea Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
southwestern carrot Daucus pusillus Present Native Unknown
soaptree yucca Yucca elata Present Native Unknown
sunflowers Asteraceae - - - - - -
seepwillow Baccharis salicifolia Present Native Unknown
spreading daisy, spreading fleabane Erigeron divergens Present Native Unknown
spoonleaf purple everlasting Gamochaeta purpurea Present Native Unknown
Showy goldeneye Heliomeris multiflora Present Native Unknown
slender goldenweed Machaeranthera gracilis Present Native Unknown
sow thistle, sowthistle Sonchus - - - - - -
Spiny-leaved Sow Thistle Sonchus asper Present Non-native Unknown
scorpion-weed Phacelia - - - - - -
Shepherd's Purse Capsella bursa-pastoris Present Non-native Unknown
sandhill amaranth, Torrey's amaranth Amaranthus arenicola Present Native Unknown
Sonoran globe amaranth Gomphrena sonorae Present Native Unknown
small matweed Guilleminea densa Present Native Unknown
Santa Rita pricklypear Opuntia santa-rita Present Native Uncommon
scarlet spiderling Boerhavia coccinea Present Native Unknown
sweet four o'clock Mirabilis longiflora Present Native Unknown
Skeletonweed wild buckwheat Eriogonum deflexum Present Native Unknown
sorrel buckwheat Eriogonum polycladon Present Native Unknown
SILVERSHEATH KNOTWEED Polygonum argyrocoleon Present Non-native Unknown
shrubby purslane Portulaca suffrutescens Present Native Unknown
salt-cedar Tamarix - - - - - -
salt cedar, saltcedar, tamarisk, tamarix Tamarix ramosissima Present Non-native Unknown
Spreading eriastrum Eriastrum diffusum Present Native Unknown
sicklepod rushpea Hoffmannseggia glauca Present Native Unknown
scarlet lupine Lupinus concinnus Present Native Unknown
San Pedro false prairieclover, San Pedro false prairie-clover Marina calycosa Present Native Unknown
Santa Rita Mountain bean Phaseolus ritensis Present Native Unknown
shrubby senna Senna bauhinioides Present Native Unknown
sawtooth sage, saw-tooth sage Salvia subincisa Present Native Unknown
snapdragon vine Maurandella antirrhiniflora Present Native Unknown
sandmat Chamaesyce - - - - - -
spurge Euphorbia - - - - - -
sun cup Camissonia californica Present Native Unknown
scarlet beeblossom, scarlet gaura, Scarlet guara Gaura coccinea - - - - - -
sand spikesedge Eleocharis montevidensis Present Native Unknown
sixweeks threeawn Aristida adscensionis Present Native Unknown
single threeawn Aristida schiedeana Present Native Unknown
spidergrass Aristida ternipes Present Native Unknown
sixweeks grama Bouteloua barbata Present Native Unknown
sprucetop grama Bouteloua chondrosioides Present Native Unknown
sideoats grama Bouteloua curtipendula Present Native Unknown
slender grama Bouteloua repens Present Native Unknown
sandbur Cenchrus - - - - - -
Stinkgrass, Skunkgrass Eragrostis cilianensis Present Non-native Unknown
shortleaf woollygrass Erioneuron avenaceum - - - - - -
spike dropseed Sporobolus contractus Present Native Unknown
sand dropseed Sporobolus cryptandrus Present Native Unknown
Slim tridens Tridens muticus Present Native Unknown
southwestern prickly poppy, southwestern pricklypoppy Argemone pleiacantha Present Native Unknown
sugarberry Celtis laevigata Present Native Unknown
scarlet creeper, scarletcreeper Ipomoea hederifolia - - - - - -
sharpleaf groundcherry, Wright groundcherry Physalis acutifolia Present Native Unknown
silverleaf nightshade Solanum elaeagnifolium Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
threadleaf snakeweed Gutierrezia microcephala Present Native Unknown
Takhoka-daisy, tanseyleaf aster, tanseyleaf goldenweed, tanseyleaf tansyaster Machaeranthera tanacetifolia Present Native Unknown
threadleaf groundsel, threadleaf ragwort Senecio flaccidus Present Native Unknown
Thurber's pepperweed Lepidium thurberi Present Native Unknown
trailing four-o'clock Allionia incarnata Present Native Unknown
Texas snoutbean, Texas snout-bean Rhynchosia senna Present Native Unknown
Texas stork's bill Erodium texanum Present Native Unknown
Thurber's desert honeysuckle Anisacanthus thurberi Present Native Unknown
Texas sage Salvia texana Present Native Unknown
Texas toadflax Nuttallanthus texanus Present Native Unknown
thymeleaf sandmat, thyme-leaf sandmat Chamaesyce serpyllifolia Present Native Unknown
taper-tip cup grass, tapertip cupgrass Eriochloa acuminata Present Native Unknown
tiny mousetail Myosurus minimus Present Native Unknown
Texas mulberry Morus microphylla Present Native Unknown
tree-of-heaven Ailanthus altissima Present Non-native Unknown
tall morning-glory Ipomoea purpurea Present Non-native Unknown
tree tobacco Nicotiana glauca Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Utah juniper Juniperus osteosperma Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Venus's Looking-glass Triodanis perfoliata Present Native Unknown
velvet mesquite Prosopis velutina Present Native Unknown
velvet ash Fraxinus velutina Present Native Unknown
velvetweed Gaura mollis Present Native Unknown
vine mesquite Panicum obtusum Present Native Unknown
villous lip fern, villous lipfern Cheilanthes villosa - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
whorled pennywort Hydrocotyle verticillata Present Native Unknown
white easterbonnets, white easter-bonnets Antheropeas lanosum Present Native Unknown
WHITE TACKSTEM Calycoseris wrightii Present Native Unknown
white cudweed Pseudognaphalium leucocephalum Present Native Unknown
Wing-nut cryptanth Cryptantha pterocarya Present Native Unknown
WHITE HELIOTROPE Phacelia distans Present Native Unknown
wedgeleaf draba Draba cuneifolia Present Native Unknown
watercress Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum Present Native Unknown
wheelscale, wheelscale saltbush Atriplex elegans Present Native Unknown
walkingstick cactus Opuntia spinosior Present Native Uncommon
Wright buckwheat Eriogonum wrightii - - - - - -
wingpod purslane Portulaca umbraticola Present Native Unknown
White-stem blazingstar Mentzelia albicaulis Present Native Unknown
wild balsam apple, wild balsam-apple Echinopepon wrightii Present Native Unknown
western rockjasmine, western rock-jasmine Androsace occidentalis Present Native Unknown
white thorn acacia Acacia constricta Present Native Unknown
woolly Indianwheat, woolly plantain Plantago patagonica Present Native Unknown
Wright's globemallow Sphaeralcea wrightii - - - - - -
wood sorrel, woodsorrel Oxalis - - - - - -
wild oats Avena fatua Present Non-native Unknown
weeping lovegrass Eragrostis curvula Present Non-native Unknown
White virgin's-bower Clematis ligusticifolia Present Native Unknown
Warnock's squawbush Condalia warnockii - - - - - -
wild dwarf morning-glory Evolvulus arizonicus Present Native Unknown
Wright's jimsonweed Datura wrightii Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Yellow beeplant Cleome lutea Present Native Unknown
yellow sweetclover Melilotus officinalis Present Non-native Unknown
yewleaf willow Salix taxifolia Present Native Unknown
yellow nutsedge Cyperus esculentus - - - - - -
yellow bristlegrass Setaria pumila Present Non-native Unknown

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
crabs, crayfishes, lobsters, prawns, shrimp Decapoda - - - - - -