Valley Forge National Historical Park

Rank: 42

Park Description

Valley Forge was the site of the 1777-78 winter encampment of the Continental Army. The park commemorates the sacrifices and perseverance of the Revolutionary War generation and honors the ability of citizens to pull together and overcome adversity during extraordinary times.

Park Address

1400 North Outer Line Drive

King of Prussia, PA, 19406

Valley Forge National Historical Park Activites








Species in Valley Forge National Historical Park by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in Valley Forge National Historical Park. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Blackcat, Fisher, Pekan Martes pennanti Probably Present Native - -
big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
coyote Canis latrans Present Native Rare
Common Muskrat, Muskrat, Musquash, Water Rat Ondatra zibethicus Present Native Rare
Chickaree, Red Squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Domestic Cat Felis catus Present Non-native Common
deer mice, white-footed mice Peromyscus - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern red bat Lasiurus borealis Present Native Rare
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Present Native Common
eastern gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis Present Native Common
eastern chipmunk Tamias striatus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
house mouse Mus musculus Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
little brown bat Myotis lucifugus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mink Mustela vison Present Native Rare
meadow jumping mouse Zapus hudsonius Present Native Rare
meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus Present Native Abundant
Masked Shrew Sorex cinereus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern bat Myotis septentrionalis Present Native Uncommon
Norway rat Rattus norvegicus Present Non-native Rare
northern short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
prairie deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red fox Vulpes vulpes Present Non-native Common
raccoon Procyon lotor Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis Present Native Rare
southern flying squirrel Glaucomys volans Present Native Uncommon
Star-nosed Mole Condylura cristata Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Present Native Abundant
Weasel Mustela - - - - - -
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Present Native Abundant
woodchuck Marmota monax Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Golden Eagle, Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos Present Native Rare
American Pintail, Northern Pintail, Pintail Anas acuta Unconfirmed Native - -
American Wigeon, Baldpate Anas americana Unconfirmed Native - -
American Black Duck, Black Duck, Common Black Duck, Red-legged Black Duck Anas rubripes Present Native Uncommon
American Golden-eye, Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula Present Native Uncommon
American Common Scoter, American Scoter, Black Scoter, Butter-bill, Common Scoter Melanitta nigra Unconfirmed Native - -
American Merganser, Common Merganser Mergus merganser Present Native Abundant
American Herring Gull, Herring Gull Larus argentatus Present Native Uncommon
american woodcock Scolopax minor Present Native Occasional
American Peregrine Falcon, Duck Hawk, Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Unconfirmed Native - -
american kestrel Falco sparverius Present Native Uncommon
American Coot, Northern American Coot Fulica americana Present Native Rare
american crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Present Native Abundant
american tree sparrow Spizella arborea Present Native Rare
american goldfinch Carduelis tristis Present Native Abundant
American Pipit, American Water Pipit, Water Pipit Anthus rubescens Unconfirmed Native - -
american redstart Setophaga ruticilla Present Native Uncommon
american robin Turdus migratorius Present Native Abundant
alder flycatcher Empidonax alnorum Present Native Occasional
acadian flycatcher Empidonax virescens Present Native Rare
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus Not In Park Native - -
American Long-eared Owl, Long-eared Owl Asio otus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
broad-winged hawk Buteo platypterus Present Native Rare
Bald Eagle, Northern Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Present Native Rare
black vulture Coragyps atratus Present Native Uncommon
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Unconfirmed Native - -
Bufflehead, Buffle-head Bucephala albeola Present Native Abundant
Blue Goose, Snow Goose Chen caerulescens Unconfirmed Native - -
Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia Unconfirmed Native - -
Belted Kingfisher, Eastern Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Present Native Rare
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus Present Native Occasional
Blue Grosbeak, Eastern Blue Grosbeak Guiraca caerulea Present Native Rare
Brown Creeper Certhia americana Present Native Rare
blue jay Cyanocitta cristata Present Native Abundant
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Common
Bank Swallow, Common Bank Swallow Riparia riparia Probably Present Native - -
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus Present Native Rare
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Present Native Common
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Native Common
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Present Native Rare
Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus Not In Park Native - -
black-throated blue warbler Dendroica caerulescens Present Native Rare
bay-breasted warbler Dendroica castanea Present Native Occasional
blackburnian warbler Dendroica fusca Present Native Occasional
blackpoll warbler Dendroica striata Present Native Rare
black-throated green warbler Dendroica virens Present Native Rare
black-and-white warbler Mniotilta varia Present Native Rare
blue-winged warbler Vermivora pinus Present Native Rare
blue-gray gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Present Native Rare
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius Present Native Occasional
Black-crowned Night Heron, Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Unconfirmed Native - -
barred owl Strix varia Present Native Rare
Barn Owl, North American Barn Owl Tyto alba Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
cooper's hawk Accipiter cooperii Present Native Rare
Common Mallard, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Present Native Abundant
Common White-fronted Goose, Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons Not In Park Native - -
Canvasback Aythya valisineria Unconfirmed Native - -
Canada Goose, Eastern Canada Goose Branta canadensis Present Native Abundant
chimney swift Chaetura pelagica Present Native Uncommon
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor Present Native Occasional
Common Snipe, Wilson's Common Snipe, Wilson's Snipe Gallinago gallinago Present Native Occasional
Canada Ruffed Grouse, Partridge, Ruffed Grouse, Timber Grouse Bonasa umbellus Not In Park Native - -
Common Loon, Greater Common Loon Gavia immer Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Gallinule, Common Moorhen, Florida Gallinule Gallinula chloropus Not In Park Native - -
cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Present Native Common
Common Raven, Northern Raven, Raven Corvus corax Present Native Occasional
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present Native Uncommon
Common Redpoll, Greater Redpoll, Mealy Redpoll Carduelis flammea Unconfirmed Native - -
Canadian Pine Grosbeak, Newfoundland Pine Grosbeak, Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator Unconfirmed Native - -
Cliff Swallow, Eastern Cliff Swallow, Eave Swallow, Northern Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Unconfirmed Native - -
common grackle Quiscalus quiscula Present Native Common
Carolina Chickadee Poecile carolinensis Present Native Abundant
cerulean warbler Dendroica cerulea Present Native Rare
chestnut-sided warbler Dendroica pensylvanica Present Native Occasional
cape may warbler Dendroica tigrina Present Native Occasional
common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Present Native Uncommon
connecticut warbler Oporornis agilis Unconfirmed Native - -
Common Oven-bird, Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapillus Present Native Uncommon
canada warbler Wilsonia canadensis Present Native Rare
carolina wren Thryothorus ludovicianus Present Native Uncommon
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Dickcissel Spiza americana Not In Park Native - -
dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis Present Native Abundant
downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens Present Native Uncommon
Double-crested Cormorant, Northern Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Goshawk, Goshawk, Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Not In Park Native - -
Eastern White-winged Scoter, White-winged Coot, White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Solitary Sandpiper, Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria Present Native Occasional
Eastern Pigeon Hawk, Merlin, Pigeon Hawk Falco columbarius Unconfirmed Native - -
Eastern Savannah Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Present Native Occasional
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Vesper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Present Native Occasional
evening grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern meadowlark Sturnella magna Present Native Common
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present Non-native Abundant
eastern bluebird Sialia sialis Present Native Uncommon
eastern wood-pewee Contopus virens Present Native Uncommon
eastern phoebe Sayornis phoebe Present Native Rare
eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Present Native Common
Eastern Green Heron, Green heron, Green-backed Heron Butorides virescens Present Native Occasional
Eastern Glossy Ibis, Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus Not In Park Native - -
Eastern Screech-Owl, Screech Owl Otus asio Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fish crow Corvus ossifragus Present Native Rare
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca Present Native Occasional
field sparrow Spizella pusilla Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca Unconfirmed Native - -
Gadwall Anas strepera Unconfirmed Native - -
Greater Scaup, Greater Scaup Duck Aythya marila Unconfirmed Native - -
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus Unconfirmed Native - -
Greater Yellowlegs, Greater Yellow-legs Tringa melanoleuca Unconfirmed Native - -
grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum Present Native Occasional
gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis Present Native Abundant
golden-winged warbler Vermivora chrysoptera Unconfirmed Native - -
golden-crowned kinglet Regulus satrapa Present Native Uncommon
gray-cheeked thrush Catharus minimus Present Native Rare
great crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Present Native Uncommon
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present Native Rare
Great Egret Casmerodius albus Unconfirmed Native - -
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus Present Native Rare
horned lark Eremophila alpestris Present Native Occasional
house finch Carpodacus mexicanus Present Unknown Uncommon
hooded warbler Wilsonia citrina Present Native Uncommon
house sparrow Passer domesticus Present Non-native Rare
house wren Troglodytes aedon Present Native Uncommon
hermit thrush Catharus guttatus Present Native Occasional
hairy woodpecker Picoides villosus Present Native Rare
Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus Unconfirmed Native - -
Holboell's Grebe, Holboell's Red-necked Grebe, Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Killdeer, Northern Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Present Native Rare
kentucky warbler Oporornis formosus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lesser Scaup, Lesser Scaup Duck Aythya affinis Present Native Uncommon
Long-tailed Duck, Old Squaw, Oldsquaw Clangula hyemalis Unconfirmed Native - -
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla Probably Present Native - -
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla Present Native Occasional
Lesser Yellowlegs, Lesser Yellow-legs Tringa flavipes Present Native Occasional
Lincoln's Sparrow, Northern Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Present Native Occasional
Louisana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla Present Native Occasional
Long-billed Marsh Wren, Marsh Wren, Prairie Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris Present Native Occasional
least flycatcher Empidonax minimus Present Native Occasional
Little Blue Heron, Northern Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mute Swan Cygnus olor Not In Park Non-native - -
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Common
magnolia warbler Dendroica magnolia Present Native Rare
mourning warbler Oporornis philadelphia Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Present Native Rare
Northern Ruddy Duck, Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Unconfirmed Native - -
northern bobwhite Colinus virginianus Not In Park Native - -
northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Present Native Abundant
northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Present Native Rare
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Present Native Uncommon
northern parula Parula americana Present Native Rare
Northern Waterthrush, Northern Water-Thrush Seiurus noveboracensis Present Native Uncommon
nashville warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Present Native Occasional
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present Native Common
Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
osprey Pandion haliaetus Present Native Occasional
orchard oriole Icterus spurius Present Native Uncommon
orange-crowned warbler Vermivora celata Unconfirmed Native - -
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos Present Native Occasional
Pheasant, Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Present Non-native Uncommon
Pine siskin Carduelis pinus Probably Present Native - -
purple finch Carpodacus purpureus Present Native Occasional
purple martin Progne subis Probably Present Native - -
prairie warbler Dendroica discolor Present Native Rare
palm warbler Dendroica palmarum Present Native Rare
pine warbler Dendroica pinus Present Native Occasional
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea Not In Park Native - -
Philadelphia vireo Vireo philadelphicus Present Native Occasional
Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus Present Native Rare
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present Native Common
red-shouldered hawk Buteo lineatus Present Native Rare
Redhead Aythya americana Unconfirmed Native - -
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Present Native Abundant
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator Unconfirmed Native - -
ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris Present Native Occasional
Ringed Plover, Semipalmated Plover, Semipalmated Ringed Plover Charadrius semipalmatus Unconfirmed Native - -
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Present Native Abundant
rock dove Columba livia Present Non-native Rare
rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus Present Native Rare
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Abundant
rusty blackbird Euphagus carolinus Unconfirmed Native - -
ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula Present Native Rare
red-breasted nuthatch Sitta canadensis Present Native Occasional
red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus Present Native Abundant
red-bellied woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus Present Native Common
red-headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sharp-shinned hawk Accipiter striatus Present Native Occasional
Scaup sp. Aythya - - - - - -
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia Present Native Occasional
Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla Unconfirmed Native - -
swamp sparrow Melospiza georgiana Present Native Occasional
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Present Native Common
scarlet tanager Piranga olivacea Present Native Uncommon
swainson's thrush Catharus ustulatus Present Native Occasional
Snowy Egret Egretta thula Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Abundant
Tundra Swan, Whistling Swan Cygnus columbianus Present Native Occasional
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Present Native Uncommon
tufted titmouse Baeolophus bicolor Present Native Common
tennessee warbler Vermivora peregrina Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
veery Catharus fuscescens Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Wood Duck Aix sponsa Present Native Rare
whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus Unconfirmed Native - -
Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo Unconfirmed Native - -
white-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Present Native Common
white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Probably Present Native - -
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorus Present Native Occasional
wilson's warbler Wilsonia pusilla Present Native Rare
white-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Present Native Uncommon
winter wren Troglodytes troglodytes Present Native Occasional
wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina Present Native Abundant
willow flycatcher Empidonax traillii Present Native Occasional
warbling vireo Vireo gilvus Present Native Rare
white-eyed vireo Vireo griseus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Present Native Rare
yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata Present Native Uncommon
yellow-throated warbler Dendroica dominica Probably Present Native - -
yellow warbler Dendroica petechia Present Native Uncommon
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens Probably Present Native - -
yellow-bellied flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris Present Native Occasional
yellow-throated vireo Vireo flavifrons Present Native Rare
Yellow-crowned Night Heron, Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea Unconfirmed Native - -
yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Present Native Rare

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Black Rat Snake Elaphe obsoleta obsoleta Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Snapping Turtle Chelydra serpentina serpentina Present Native Common
Common Map Turtle Graptemys geographica Present Native Occasional
common musk turtle Sternotherus odoratus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern worm snake Carphophis amoenus amoenus Probably Present Native - -
Eastern Milk Snake Lampropeltis triangulum triangulum Present Native Common
Eastern garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis Present Native Common
Eastern Painted Turtle Chrysemys picta picta Present Native Common
Eastern Box Turtle Terrapene carolina carolina Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
MIDLAND PAINTED TURTLE Chrysemys picta marginata Present Unknown Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern black racer Coluber constrictor constrictor Present Native Uncommon
Northern Ringneck Snake Diadophis punctatus edwardsii Present Native Uncommon
Northern Water Snake Nerodia sipedon sipedon Present Native Common
Northern Brown Snake Storeria dekayi dekayi Present Native Common
northern copperhead Agkistrodon contortrix mokasen Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
queen snake Regina septemvittata Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
redbelly turtle Pseudemys rubriventris Present Native Uncommon
red-eared slider Trachemys scripta elegans Present Non-native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Spotted Turtle Clemmys guttata Probably Present Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bullfrog Rana catesbeiana Present Unknown Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Frog, Leopard Frog, Meadow Frog, Northern Leopard Frog Rana pipiens Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern American Toad Bufo americanus americanus Present Native Abundant
EASTERN SPADEFOOT Scaphiopus holbrookii holbrookii Probably Present Native - -
Eastern Red-backed Salamander, Northern Redback Salamander, Red-backed Salamander Plethodon cinereus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
FROG, GREEN Rana clamitans melanota Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Gray Treefrog, Rain Toad, Tree Toad Hyla versicolor Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Longtail Salamander, Long-tailed Salamander Eurycea longicauda longicauda Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Northern Spring Peeper Pseudacris crucifer crucifer Present Native Common
Northern Dusky Salamander Desmognathus fuscus fuscus Present Native Common
Northern Two-lined Salamander, Two-lined Salamander Eurycea bislineata Present Native Common
northern slimy salamander Plethodon glutinosus Present Native Occasional
Northern Red Salamander Pseudotriton ruber ruber Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pickerel frog Rana palustris Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-spotted newt Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Toads Bufo - - - - - -
TOAD, FOWLER'S Bufo woodhousii fowleri Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
wood frog Rana sylvatica Present Native Rare

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Eel, Common Eel, Eel Anguilla rostrata Present Native Uncommon
American shad, Atlantic shad, common shad, white shad Alosa sapidissima Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Bridle Shiner Notropis bifrenatus Not In Park Native - -
bluntnose minnow Pimephales notatus Present Native Uncommon
Banded Killifish, Top Minnow Fundulus diaphanus Unconfirmed Native - -
Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus Present Non-native Common
Brown Trout, Loch Leven Brown Trout, Scotch Sea-trout Salmo trutta Present Non-native Common
Brook Trout, Native Brook Trout Salvelinus fontinalis Not In Park Native - -
Brown Bullhead Ameiurus nebulosus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Sucker, White Sucker Catostomus commersoni Present Native Abundant
creek chubsucker Erimyzon oblongus Present Native Uncommon
common carp Cyprinus carpio Present Non-native Common
cutlip minnow Exoglossum maxillingua Present Native Abundant
Common Shiner Luxilus cornutus Present Native Common
creek chub Semotilus atromaculatus Present Native Uncommon
Common Sunfish, Pumpkinseed, Pumpkinseed Sunfish Lepomis gibbosus Present Native Common
Channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus Present Non-native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern blacknose dace Rhinichthys atratulus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
fish, SHINER, SPOTTAIL Notropis hudsonius Present Native Common
Fathead Minnow Pimephales promelas Present Native Uncommon
Fallfish Semotilus corporalis Not In Park Native - -
flathead catfish Pylodictis olivaris Present Non-native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
goldfish Carassius auratus Not In Park Non-native - -
Golden Shiner Notemigonus crysoleucas Not In Park Native - -
grass pickerel, redfin or grass pickerel, redfin pickerel Esox americanus Not In Park Native - -
Green Sunfish Lepomis cyanellus Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
johnny darter Etheostoma nigrum Not In Park Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Kamloops Trout, Rainbow Trout, Steelhead Trout, Steel-head Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss Not In Park Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
longnose dace Rhinichthys cataractae Present Native Common
Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides Present Non-native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
margined madtom Noturus insignis Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
rosyside dace Clinostomus funduloides Not In Park Native - -
- - Rhinichthys atratulus meleagris Not In Park Non-native - -
rock bass Ambloplites rupestris Present Non-native Common
Redbreast Sunfish Lepomis auritus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
satinfin shiner Cyprinella analostana Present Native Uncommon
spotfin shiner Cyprinella spiloptera Present Native Common
striped shiner Luxilus chrysocephalus Not In Park Non-native - -
smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieui Present Non-native Common
shield darter Percina peltata Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
tessellated darter Etheostoma olmstedi Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow bullhead Ameiurus natalis Unconfirmed Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American waterplantain, European water plantain Alisma plantago-aquatica Present Native Unknown
American water plantain, southern water plantain, waterplaintain Alisma subcordatum Present Unknown Unknown
American ginseng Panax quinquefolius Present Native Unknown
American holly Ilex opaca Present Native Unknown
asparagus Asparagus officinalis Present Non-native Unknown
Adam's needle Yucca filamentosa Present Unknown Unknown
annual ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia Present Native Unknown
absinth wormwood Artemisia absinthium Present Unknown Unknown
ANNUAL WORMWOOD, sweet sagewort Artemisia annua Present Non-native Unknown
aster Aster - - - - - -
Atlantic goldenrod Solidago arguta Present Unknown Unknown
Atlantic goldenrod Solidago arguta var. arguta Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Allegheny Spurge Pachysandra procumbens Present Native Unknown
American pokeweed, common pokeweed, inkberry, pigeonberry, poke, pokeberry, pokeweed Phytolacca americana Present Native Unknown
Asiatic Bittersweet Celastrus orbiculata Present Unknown Unknown
American bittersweet Celastrus scandens Present Native Unknown
Asiatic dayflower Commelina communis Present Non-native Unknown
American bladdernut Staphylea trifolia Present Native Unknown
arrowwood, arrow-wood viburnum, southern arrowwood Viburnum dentatum Present Native Unknown
arrow-wood Viburnum recognitum Present Native Unknown
Amur honeysuckle Lonicera maackii Present Non-native Unknown
American twinflower, northern twinflower, twinflower Linnaea borealis Present Unknown Unknown
American hogpeanut Amphicarpaea bracteata Present Native Unknown
arrow crotalaria, arrowhead rattlebox Crotalaria sagittalis Present Native Unknown
Alsike, Alsatian Clover Trifolium hybridum Present Non-native Unknown
- - Alnus incana Present Unknown Unknown
American hornbeam Carpinus caroliniana Present Native Unknown
American chestnut Castanea dentata Present Native Unknown
American beech Fagus grandifolia Present Native Unknown
azure bluet Houstonia caerulea Present Unknown Unknown
American waterwillow Justicia americana Present Unknown Unknown
American Pennyroyal Hedeoma pulegioides Present Unknown Unknown
American Germander Teucrium canadense Present Unknown Unknown
ash Fraxinus - - - - - -
Allegheny monkey-flower Mimulus ringens Present Unknown Unknown
American lopseed Phryma leptostachya Present Unknown Unknown
American speedwell, brooklime Veronica americana Present Unknown Unknown
American dog violet Viola conspersa Present Unknown Unknown
arrowleaf violet, arrow-leaved violet Viola sagittata Present Unknown Unknown
American basswood Tilia americana Present Native Unknown
Awl Sedge Carex stipata Present Non-native Unknown
- - Andropogon elliottii Present Unknown Unknown
awnless brome, smooth brome Bromus inermis Present Non-native Unknown
annual bluegrass Poa annua Present Non-native Unknown
American sycamore Platanus occidentalis Present Native Unknown
autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata Present Non-native Unknown
agrimony Agrimonia - - - - - -
Avens Geum canadense Present Unknown Unknown
apple Malus - - - - - -
Appalachian barren strawberry Waldsteinia fragarioides Present Unknown Unknown
American elm Ulmus americana Present Native Unknown
alum-root Heuchera americana Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
broad waterweed, Canada waterweed, Canadian waterweed Elodea canadensis Present Unknown Unknown
blue plantain lily Hosta ventricosa Present Non-native Unknown
brown widelip orchid Liparis liliifolia Present Unknown Unknown
blue wood aster Aster cordifolius Present Unknown Unknown
beggartick, beggarticks, devil's sticktight, Spanish needles Bidens - - - - - -
bearded beggarticks Bidens aristosa Present Non-native Unknown
- - Bidens comosa Present Unknown Unknown
Beggar Ticks, Stick-tight Bidens frondosa Present Native Unknown
Brown knapweed Centaurea jacea Present Non-native Unknown
Black knapweed Centaurea nigra Present Non-native Unknown
bull thistle Cirsium vulgare Present Non-native Unknown
Butterweed, Hogweed, Horseweed Erigeron canadensis Present Unknown Unknown
blackeyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta Present Native Unknown
blowball, common dandelion, dandelion, faceclock Taraxacum officinale Present Non-native Unknown
beggarslice Hackelia virginiana Present Unknown Unknown
bouncingbet Saponaria officinalis Present Non-native Unknown
bladder campion, white campion, white cockle Silene alba Present Non-native Unknown
bladder campion Silene cucubalus Present Non-native Unknown
bristled knotweed Polygonum caespitosum Present Unknown Unknown
black bindweed Polygonum convolvulus Present Non-native Unknown
bitter doc Rumex obtusifolius Present Unknown Unknown
burning bush Euonymus alata Present Non-native Unknown
blackgum Nyssa sylvatica Present Native Unknown
BUR CUCUMBER, oneseed burr cucumber Sicyos angulatus Present Native Unknown
blackhaw Viburnum prunifolium Present Native Unknown
Black Huckleberry Gaylussacia baccata Present Native Unknown
blueberries, blueberry, huckleberry Vaccinium - - - - - -
Blue Ridge blueberry Vaccinium pallidum Present Native Unknown
bastard indigo Amorpha fruticosa Present Native Unknown
Birdsfoot Trefoil Lotus corniculatus Present Unknown Unknown
Black Medick Medicago lupulina Present Unknown Unknown
Bristly Locust Robinia hispida Present Non-native Unknown
black locust Robinia pseudoacacia Present Native Unknown
black birch, sweet birch Betula lenta Present Native Unknown
blackjack oak Quercus marilandica Present Unknown Unknown
black oak Quercus velutina Present Native Unknown
bitternut hickory Carya cordiformis Present Native Unknown
butternut Juglans cinerea Present Native Unknown
black walnut Juglans nigra Present Native Unknown
butterfly milkweed Asclepias tuberosa Present Native Unknown
black swallowwort, climbing milkweed, Louis' swallow-wort Cynanchum nigrum Present Unknown Unknown
BLACK SWALLOWWORT Vincetoxicum nigrum Present Unknown Unknown
buttonweed Diodia teres Present Native Unknown
bedstraw Galium tinctorium Present Native Unknown
bedstraw Galium trifidum Present Native Unknown
beefsteakplant Perilla frutescens Present Unknown Unknown
blue curls, forked bluecurls Trichostema dichotomum Present Unknown Unknown
border privet Ligustrum obtusifolium Present Non-native Unknown
beechdrops Epifagus virginiana Present Native Unknown
Butter-and-eggs Linaria vulgaris Present Unknown Unknown
blackseed plantain Plantago rugelii Present Unknown Unknown
blue water speedwell, water speedwell Veronica anagallis-aquatica Present Unknown Unknown
Blue Vervain Verbena hastata Present Native Unknown
black willow Salix nigra Present Unknown Unknown
birdfoot violet Viola pedata Present Unknown Unknown
bladder ketmia, flower of an hour, flower-of-an-hour, rosemallow, Venice mallow Hibiscus trionum Present Non-native Unknown
broadleaf enchanter's nightshade Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis Present Unknown Unknown
- - Botrychium obliquum Present Unknown Unknown
Bush's Sedge Carex bushii Present Native Unknown
blue sedge Carex complanata Present Unknown Unknown
blue sedge Carex glaucodea Present Unknown Unknown
Bladder Sedge Carex intumescens Present Native Unknown
broad looseflower sedge Carex laxiflora Present Unknown Unknown
Bristle-stalked Sedge Carex leptalea Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Blunt Broom Sedge Carex tribuloides Present Unknown Unknown
blunt spike-rush Eleocharis obtusa Present Native Unknown
bulrush, bulrushes Scirpus - - - - - -
bulrush Scirpus georgianus Present Unknown Unknown
bentgrass Agrostis - - - - - -
big bluestem Andropogon gerardii Present Unknown Unknown
bushy bluestem Andropogon glomeratus Unconfirmed Native - -
broom-sedge Andropogon virginicus Present Native Unknown
bunch broom-sedge Andropogon virginicus var. abbreviatus Present Unknown Unknown
broomsedge Andropogon virginicus var. virginicus Present Unknown Unknown
bearded shorthusk Brachyelytrum erectum Present Unknown Unknown
brome, brome spp. Bromus - - - - - -
barren brome Bromus sterilis Present Unknown Unknown
Bromegrass Bromus tectorum Present Non-native Unknown
barnyardgrass, cockspur, cockspur grass Echinochloa - - - - - -
Barnyard Grass Echinochloa crus-galli Present Non-native Unknown
bottlebrush grass Hystrix patula Present Native Unknown
blackseed ricegrass Oryzopsis racemosa Present Unknown Unknown
Bundle panicgrass Panicum acuminatum Present Unknown Unknown
beaked panicgrass Panicum anceps Present Unknown Unknown
Bosc's panicum Panicum boscii Present Unknown Unknown
bluegrass, bluegrass spp. Poa - - - - - -
bristlegrass Setaria - - - - - -
burreed, bur-reed Sparganium - - - - - -
Bur Reed Sparganium androcladum Present Unknown Unknown
broadfruit burreed, broadfruit bur-reed, broad-fruit burr-reed, giant burreed Sparganium eurycarpum Present Unknown Unknown
broadleaf cattail Typha latifolia Present Unknown Unknown
bracken fern Pteridium aquilinum Present Unknown Unknown
Boott's woodfern Dryopteris X boottii Present Native Unknown
broad beechfern Phegopteris hexagonoptera Present Unknown Unknown
bluntlobe cliff fern Woodsia obtusa Present Unknown Unknown
bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis Present Unknown Unknown
black cohosh Cimicifuga racemosa Present Unknown Unknown
buttercup Ranunculus - - - - - -
Bulbous Buttercup Ranunculus bulbosus Present Non-native Unknown
blisterwort Ranunculus recurvatus Present Unknown Unknown
blister buttercup Ranunculus sceleratus Present Unknown Unknown
Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa Present Unknown Unknown
Black Cherry Prunus serotina Present Native Unknown
bristly dewberry Rubus hispidus Present Unknown Unknown
black raspberry Rubus occidentalis Present Native Unknown
boxelder Acer negundo Present Native Unknown
buckeye, horsechestnut Aesculus - - - - - -
black nightshade Solanum nigrum Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Common Arrrowhead Sagittaria latifolia Present Unknown Unknown
common duckweed, least duckweed, lesser duckweed Lemna minor Present Native Unknown
Canadian honewort Cryptotaenia canadensis Present Native Unknown
cow parsnip Heracleum lanatum Present Unknown Unknown
Cow Parsnip Heracleum maximum Present Unknown Unknown
Clayton's sweetroot Osmorhiza claytonii Present Unknown Unknown
Canadian blacksnakeroot Sanicula canadensis Present Unknown Unknown
cluster-sanicle Sanicula gregaria Present Unknown Unknown
common goldstar Hypoxis hirsuta Present Unknown Unknown
Common Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium angustifolium Present Native Unknown
Common Lady's Slipper, Moccasin Flower Cypripedium acaule Present Unknown Unknown
common yarrow Achillea millefolium Present Non-native Unknown
corn chamomile Anthemis arvensis Present Non-native Unknown
Common Burdock Arctium minus Present Non-native Unknown
Common Mugwort Artemisia vulgaris Present Non-native Unknown
calico aster Aster lateriflorus Present Native Unknown
Crooked-stem aster Aster prenanthoides Present Unknown Unknown
crowned beggarticks Bidens coronata Present Native Unknown
Chicory Cichorium intybus Present Non-native Unknown
Canada Thistle Cirsium arvense Present Non-native Unknown
Canadian horseweed Conyza canadensis Present Native Unknown
common boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum Present Native Unknown
Catfoot Gnaphalium obtusifolium Present Native Unknown
Canada lettuce Lactuca canadensis Present Native Unknown
China lettuce, prickly lettuce, wild lettuce Lactuca serriola Present Non-native Unknown
cutleaf coneflower Rudbeckia laciniata Present Native Unknown
Common Groundsel Senecio vulgaris Present Unknown Unknown
Canada Goldenrod Solidago canadensis Present Native Unknown
Coltsfoot Tussilago farfara Present Non-native Unknown
common cocklebur Xanthium pensylvanicum Present Unknown Unknown
cocklebur Xanthium strumarium Present Native Unknown
cuckoo flower Cardamine pratensis Present Non-native Unknown
Cut-leaf toothwort Dentaria laciniata Present Native Unknown
Creeping Yellow Cress Rorippa sylvestris Present Non-native Unknown
common lambsquarters, lambsquarters, white goosefoot Chenopodium album var. album Unconfirmed Unknown - -
common mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium fontanum Present Non-native Unknown
common mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium vulgatum Present Non-native Unknown
common chickweed Stellaria media Present Non-native Unknown
Carpetweed Mollugo verticillata Present Non-native Unknown
curltop ladysthumb, curlytop knotweed, curlytop smartweed, dock-leaf smartweed, nodding smartweed, pale smartweed Polygonum lapathifolium Present Non-native Unknown
climbing false-buckwheat Polygonum scandens Present Native Unknown
common sheep sorrel Rumex acetosella Present Unknown Unknown
Curly dock Rumex crispus Present Unknown Unknown
climbing euonymus, winter creeper Euonymus fortunei Present Non-native Unknown
cinnamon-vine Dioscorea batatas Present Non-native Unknown
Common Elder Sambucus canadensis Present Native Unknown
coralberry Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Present Native Unknown
common persimmon Diospyros virginiana Present Unknown Unknown
creeping phlox Phlox stolonifera Present Unknown Unknown
Crown Vetch Coronilla varia Present Non-native Unknown
Chinese lespedeza Lespedeza cuneata Present Non-native Unknown
clover Trifolium - - - - - -
chestnut oak Quercus prinus Present Native Unknown
caryer, hickory Carya - - - - - -
Common Milkweed Asclepias syriaca Present Native Unknown
common periwinkle Vinca minor Present Non-native Unknown
common buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Present Native Unknown
Carolina Cranesbill Geranium carolinianum Present Native Unknown
Common catalpa Catalpa bignonioides Present Non-native Unknown
catnip giant hyssop Agastache nepetoides Present Native Unknown
Catnip Nepeta cataria Present Non-native Unknown
common selfheal Prunella vulgaris Present Unknown Unknown
clustered mountainmint Pycnanthemum muticum Present Unknown Unknown
Chinese privet Ligustrum sinense Present Non-native Unknown
Common Privet Ligustrum vulgare Present Non-native Unknown
Common Lilac Syringa vulgaris Present Non-native Unknown
Cowwheat Melampyrum lineare Present Unknown Unknown
clammy hedgehyssop, clammy hedge-hyssop, drug hedgehyssop, hedge hyssop, neglected hedgehyssop Gratiola neglecta Present Native Unknown
Common Plantain Plantago major Present Unknown Unknown
corn speedwell Veronica arvensis Present Non-native Unknown
Common Speedwell Veronica officinalis Present Non-native Unknown
Common Mullein Verbascum thapsus Present Unknown Unknown
cat greenbrier Smilax glauca Present Unknown Unknown
Crowfoot Clubmoss Diphasiastrum digitatum Unconfirmed Unknown - -
cucumber-tree Magnolia acuminata Present Native Unknown
copperleaf Acalypha - - - - - -
Cypress Spurge Euphorbia cyparissias Present Unknown Unknown
castorbean Ricinus communis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Common St. Johnswort Hypericum perforatum Present Unknown Unknown
Crack Willow Salix fragilis Present Non-native Unknown
common blue violet Viola papilionacea Present Unknown Unknown
common blue violet Viola sororia Present Native Unknown
Common Mallow, Cheeses Malva neglecta Present Unknown Unknown
coast willowweed, fringed willowherb Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum Present Native Unknown
common evening primrose Oenothera biennis Present Native Unknown
Cow-lily Nuphar advena Present Unknown Unknown
cutleaf grapefern Botrychium dissectum Present Unknown Unknown
Cinnamon Fern Osmunda cinnamomea Present Native Unknown
common yellow oxalis Oxalis stricta Present Unknown Unknown
Canadian wildginger Asarum canadense Present Native Unknown
carex, sedge, sedge species, sedges Carex - - - - - -
- - Carex latifolia Present Unknown Unknown
common fox sedge Carex vulpinoidea Present Unknown Unknown
chufa flatsedge, yellow nutgrass, yellow nutsedge Cyperus esculentus Present Unknown Unknown
- - Cyperus filiculmis Present Native Unknown
common rush Juncus effusus Present Unknown Unknown
common woodrush Luzula multiflora Present Unknown Unknown
coast sandspur, field sandbur, sandbur, southern sandbur, spiny burrgrass Cenchrus incertus Present Native Unknown
Common Darnel, Perennial Ryegrass Lolium perenne Present Non-native Unknown
crowngrass, paspalum Paspalum - - - - - -
Common Reed Phragmites australis Present Native Unknown
Canada bluegrass Poa compressa Present Non-native Unknown
corn Zea mays Present Non-native Unknown
Christmas Fern Polystichum acrostichoides Present Unknown Unknown
common moonseed Menispermum canadense Present Native Unknown
Celandine Chelidonium majus Present Non-native Unknown
Creeping Buttercup Ranunculus repens Present Non-native Unknown
common hackberry Celtis occidentalis Present Native Unknown
Common Shadbush Amelanchier arborea Present Native Unknown
cream avens Geum virginianum Present Unknown Unknown
cinquefoil Potentilla - - - - - -
common cinquefoil Potentilla simplex Present Unknown Unknown
Choke Cherry Prunus virginiana Present Native Unknown
Common Blackberry Rubus allegheniensis Present Native Unknown
Canadian woodnettle Laportea canadensis Present Native Unknown
Canadian clearweed Pilea pumila Present Unknown Unknown
creeping jenny, European bindweed, field bindweed, perennial morningglory, smallflowered morningglory Convolvulus arvensis Present Non-native Unknown
Common Dodder, Love Vine Cuscuta gronovii Present Unknown Unknown
clammy ground-cherry Physalis heterophylla Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
duckweed Lemna - - - - - -
devil's walkingstick Aralia spinosa Present Unknown Unknown
daffodil Narcissus pseudonarcissus Present Non-native Unknown
downy rattlesnake plantain Goodyera pubescens Present Unknown Unknown
daisy, fleabane Erigeron - - - - - -
Dwarf dandelion Krigia virginica Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Downy Goldenrod Solidago puberula Present Unknown Unknown
Dame's Rocket Hesperis matronalis Present Non-native Unknown
Deptford pink Dianthus armeria Present Non-native Unknown
Doorweed, Common Knotgrass Polygonum aviculare Present Non-native Unknown
devil's shoestring, erect knotweed, wireweed Polygonum erectum Present Unknown Unknown
dotted smartweed Polygonum punctatum Present Native Unknown
Dock Rumex altissimus Present Unknown Unknown
deerberry Vaccinium stamineum Present Native Unknown
Dillenius' ticktrefoil Desmodium glabellum Present Native Unknown
downy yellow false foxglove Aureolaria virginica Present Unknown Unknown
downy carrionflower Smilax pulverulenta Present Unknown Unknown
dwarf St. Johnswort Hypericum mutilum Present Native Unknown
downy yellow violet Viola pubescens Present Unknown Unknown
Davis' sedge Carex davisii Present Unknown Unknown
deer-tongue witchgrass Panicum clandestinum Present Unknown Unknown
dutchman's breeches Dicentra cucullaria Present Unknown Unknown
devil's darning needles Clematis virginiana Present Unknown Unknown
dotted hawthorn Crataegus punctata Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Dwarf Cinquefoil Potentilla canadensis Present Native Unknown
Dog rose Rosa canina Present Non-native Unknown
Dewberry Rubus pensilvanicus Present Unknown Unknown
Dwarf sumac, Winged sumac Rhus copallina Present Native Unknown
ditch stonecrop, Virginia penthorum Penthorum sedoides Present Native Unknown
dodder Cuscuta - - - - - -
Deadly Nightshade Solanum dulcamara Present Non-native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
English ivy Hedera helix Present Non-native Unknown
eastern lined ASTER Aster lanceolatus Present Unknown Unknown
eastern daisy fleabane Erigeron annuus Present Native Unknown
early goldenrod Solidago juncea Present Native Unknown
eastern redcedar Juniperus virginiana Present Native Unknown
European fly-honeysuckle Lonicera xylosteum Present Non-native Unknown
eastern redbud Cercis canadensis Present Native Unknown
European chesnut Castanea sativa Present Non-native Unknown
European beech Fagus sylvatica Present Non-native Unknown
Elsholtzia Elsholtzia ciliata Present Unknown Unknown
eyebane Chamaesyce nutans Present Unknown Unknown
eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides Present Native Unknown
early blue violet Viola palmata Present Unknown Unknown
enchanter's-nightshade Circaea lutetiana Present Unknown Unknown
enchanter's nightshade Circaea quadrisulcata Present Unknown Unknown
evening primrose, eveningprimrose, evening-primrose Oenothera - - - - - -
European larch Larix decidua Present Unknown Unknown
eastern white pine Pinus strobus Present Native Unknown
Eastern Hemlock Tsuga canadensis Present Native Unknown
eastern narrowleaf sedge Carex amphibola Present Unknown Unknown
eastern narrowleaf sedge Carex amphibola var. turgida Present Unknown Unknown
eastern woodland sedge Carex blanda Present Unknown Unknown
eggbract sedge Carex ovalis Present Non-native Unknown
Eastern Star Sedge Carex radiata Present Unknown Unknown
Engelmann's Spikerush Eleocharis engelmannii Present Native Unknown
eastern bottlebrush grass Elymus hystrix Present Unknown Unknown
eulalia Miscanthus sinensis Present Non-native Unknown
ebony spleenwort Asplenium platyneuron Present Unknown Unknown
Evergreen Wood Fern Dryopteris intermedia Present Unknown Unknown
eastern marsh fern, marsh fern, meadow fern Thelypteris palustris Present Unknown Unknown
early woodbuttercup Ranunculus abortivus Present Native Unknown
early meadow-rue Thalictrum dioicum Present Unknown Unknown
eastern poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans Present Native Unknown
Eurasian watermilfoil, Eurasian water-milfoil, spike watermilfoil, spiked water milfoil Myriophyllum spicatum Present Unknown Unknown
early saxifrage Saxifraga virginiensis Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Floating Pondweed Potamogeton natans Present Unknown Unknown
FOOL'S PARSLEY Aethusa cynapium Present Non-native Unknown
floating marshpennywort Hydrocotyle ranunculoides Present Unknown Unknown
field garlic Allium oleraceum Present Non-native Unknown
FIELD GARLIC Allium vineale Present Unknown Unknown
false solomon's seal Smilacina racemosa Present Native Unknown
Field Pussytoes Antennaria neglecta Present Native Unknown
Frost aster Aster pilosus Present Unknown Unknown
field thistle Cirsium discolor Present Native Unknown
false daisy Eclipta prostrata Present Native Unknown
Field Hawkweed, King Devil Hieracium caespitosum Present Non-native Unknown
field hawkweed, meadow hawkweed, yellow hawkweed, yellow kingdevil Hieracium pratense Present Unknown Unknown
flattop goldenrod Solidago graminifolia Present Unknown Unknown
fragrant goldenrod Solidago odora Present Unknown Unknown
Field Mustard, Rape Brassica rapa Present Unknown Unknown
field pepperweed Lepidium campestre Present Non-native Unknown
Field Pennycress Thlaspi arvense Present Non-native Unknown
falsemermaid Floerkea proserpinacoides Present Unknown Unknown
Field Chickweed Cerastium arvense Present Native Unknown
flowering dogwood Cornus florida Present Native Unknown
Fuzzy Duetzia Deutzia scabra Present Unknown Unknown
Fuller's teasel Dipsacus fullonum Present Non-native Unknown
field horsetail Equisetum arvense Present Native Unknown
Fringed Loosestrife Lysimachia ciliata Present Native Unknown
fragrant bedstraw Galium triflorum Present Unknown Unknown
field basil Satureja vulgaris Present Unknown Unknown
false pimpernel Lindernia anagallidea Present Unknown Unknown
False Pimpernel Lindernia dubia Present Native Unknown
false pimpernel, yellowseed false pimpernel, yellow-seed false pimpernel Lindernia dubia var. anagallidea Present Unknown Unknown
fernleaf yellow false foxglove Aureolaria pedicularia Present Unknown Unknown
Flat-branch Groundpine Lycopodium obscurum Present Unknown Unknown
Flax Linum virginianum Present Native Unknown
Fibrous-rooted Sedge Carex communis Present Unknown Unknown
fescue sedge Carex festucacea Present Unknown Unknown
Frank's sedge Carex frankii Present Unknown Unknown
fuzzy wuzzy sedge Carex hirsutella Present Native Unknown
flatsedge, nutgrass Cyperus - - - - - -
fragrant flatsedge Cyperus odoratus Present Unknown Unknown
field rush Juncus tenuis Present Unknown Unknown
fescue Festuca - - - - - -
floating manna grass Glyceria septentrionalis Present Unknown Unknown
fowl mannagrass Glyceria striata Present Unknown Unknown
Forked Panic Grass Panicum dichotomum Present Unknown Unknown
fig buttercup Ranunculus ficaria Present Unknown Unknown
field dodder Cuscuta campestris Present Native Unknown
fox grape Vitis labrusca Present Unknown Unknown
frost grape Vitis vulpina Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
green dragon Arisaema dracontium Present Native Unknown
Goutweed Aegopodium podagraria Present Non-native Unknown
Golden Alexanders Zizia aurea Present Native Unknown
Giant snowdrop Galanthus nivalis Present Non-native Unknown
grape-hyacinth Muscari botryoides Present Unknown Unknown
Giant Solomon's Seal Polygonatum commutatum Present Unknown Unknown
Great Ragweed Ambrosia trifida Present Native Unknown
Great Burdock Arctium lappa Present Non-native Unknown
Grass-leaved Goldenrod Euthamia graminifolia Present Native Unknown
galinsoga, gallant soldier, gallant-soldier Galinsoga - - - - - -
giant sunflower Helianthus giganteus Present Unknown Unknown
Golden Ragwort Senecio aureus Present Unknown Unknown
giant goldenrod Solidago gigantea Present Unknown Unknown
Gray Goldenrod Solidago nemoralis Present Unknown Unknown
goat's beard Tragopogon pratensis Present Non-native Unknown
great blue lobelia Lobelia siphilitica Present Unknown Unknown
Garlic mustard Alliaria officinalis Present Non-native Unknown
Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolata Present Non-native Unknown
giantchickweed Myosoton aquaticum Present Unknown Unknown
gray dogwood Cornus racemosa Present Native Unknown
green antelopehorn milkweed, green comet milkweed, green milkweed Asclepias viridiflora Present Native Unknown
ground ivy Glechoma hederacea Present Non-native Unknown
Golden Bells Forsythia viridissima Present Non-native Unknown
green ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica Present Native Unknown
green ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica var. subintegerrima Present Native Unknown
gaura Gaura biennis Present Native Unknown
glomerate sedge Carex aggregata Present Unknown Unknown
greenwhite sedge Carex albolutescens Present Unknown Unknown
Graceful Sedge Carex gracillima Present Unknown Unknown
Gray's sedge Carex grayi Present Native Unknown
Greater Straw Sedge Carex normalis Present Unknown Unknown
green bulrush Scirpus atrovirens Present Native Unknown
goldenseal Hydrastis canadensis Present Native Unknown
grape Vitis - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hairy Solomon's seal Polygonatum pubescens Present Unknown Unknown
Helleborine Epipactis helleborine Present Non-native Unknown
hairy galinsoga Galinsoga ciliata Present Unknown Unknown
hawkweed Hieracium - - - - - -
hawkweed Hieracium X flagellare Present Non-native Unknown
hairy bittercress Cardamine hirsuta Present Non-native Unknown
hairy forked nailwort Paronychia fastigiata Present Native Unknown
halberd-leaved tear-thumb Polygonum arifolium Present Unknown Unknown
Highbush Blueberry Vaccinium corymbosum Present Unknown Unknown
hillside blueberry Vaccinium vacillans Present Unknown Unknown
hoary ticktrefoil Desmodium canescens Present Unknown Unknown
honeylocust Gleditsia triacanthos Present Native Unknown
hairy clover Trifolium arvense Present Non-native Unknown
Hop Clover, Yellow clover Trifolium aureum Present Unknown Unknown
hop clover Trifolium procumbens Present Unknown Unknown
hophornbeam Ostrya virginiana Present Native Unknown
- - Hedyotis caerulea Present Unknown Unknown
Huachuca skullcap, skullcap Scutellaria - - - - - -
Hairy skullcap Scutellaria elliptica Present Unknown Unknown
hairy beardtongue Penstemon hirsutus Present Native Unknown
Hare Figwort Scrophularia lanceolata Present Unknown Unknown
heavy sedge Carex gravida Present Unknown Unknown
Hop Sedge Carex lupulina Present Native Unknown
hairyfruit sedge, hairy-fruit sedge Carex trichocarpa Present Unknown Unknown
hairy jointgrass Arthraxon hispidus Present Unknown Unknown
hairy wood brome grass Bromus pubescens Present Unknown Unknown
hairy crabgrass Digitaria sanguinalis Present Non-native Unknown
hairy wildrye Elymus villosus Present Unknown Unknown
Hay-scented Fern Dennstaedtia punctilobula Present Unknown Unknown
hepatica Hepatica americana Present Unknown Unknown
hackberry Celtis - - - - - -
harvestlice Agrimonia parviflora Present Native Unknown
hawthorns Crataegus - - - - - -
Hawthorn Crataegus crus-galli Present Unknown Unknown
hawthorne Crataegus pruinosa Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Horse chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum Present Non-native Unknown
heartleaf foamflower Tiarella cordifolia Present Native Unknown
hedge false bindweed Calystegia sepium Present Unknown Unknown
hedge bindweed Convolvulus sepium Present Unknown Unknown
horse-nettle Solanum carolinense Present Unknown Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
iris Iris pseudacorus Present Non-native Unknown
Ironweed Vernonia glauca Present Native Unknown
Indian-tobacco Lobelia inflata Present Native Unknown
Indian Mustard Brassica juncea Present Non-native Unknown
Indian pipe Monotropa uniflora Present Native Unknown
intermediate lespedeza Lespedeza intermedia Present Unknown Unknown
Indianhemp Apocynum cannabinum Present Native Unknown
ivyleaf speedwell Veronica hederifolia Present Non-native Unknown
Indian cucumber Medeola virginiana Present Unknown Unknown
Interrupted Fern Osmunda claytoniana Present Unknown