Vicksburg National Military Park

Rank: 99

Park Description

Two statements, two Presidents, both aware of the importance of the city on the Mississippi River. President Davis knew it was vital to hold the city for the Confederacy to survive. President Lincoln wanted the key to gain control of the river and divide the South. Vicksburg National Military Park commemorates this campaign and its significance as a critical turning point of the Civil War.

Park Address

Vicksburg National Military Park 3201 Clay Street

Vicksburg, MS, 39183

Vicksburg National Military Park Activites






Species in Vicksburg National Military Park by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in Vicksburg National Military Park. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Beaver, Beaver, Canadian Beaver Castor canadensis Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bobcat Lynx rufus Present Native Uncommon
Brazilian Free-tailed Bat Tadarida brasiliensis Present Native Rare
big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus Present Native Abundant
Black Rat Rattus rattus Probably Present Non-native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
coyote Canis latrans Present Native Rare
common gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus Present Native Common
cotton mouse Peromyscus gossypinus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
domestic dog, feral dog Canis familiaris Present Non-native Abundant
Domestic Cat Felis catus Present Non-native Common
deer mice, white-footed mice Peromyscus - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Spotted Skunk, spotted skunk Spilogale putorius Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern red bat Lasiurus borealis Present Native Common
evening bat Nycticeius humeralis Present Native Common
Eastern Pipistrelle, Northern Georgian Bat Pipistrellus subflavus Present Native Uncommon
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Present Native Common
eastern woodrat Neotoma floridana Present Native Uncommon
eastern harvest mouse Reithrodontomys humulis Present Native Rare
eastern gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis Unconfirmed Native - -
eastern fox squirrel Sciurus niger Present Native Abundant
eastern chipmunk Tamias striatus Present Native Common
eastern mole Scalopus aquaticus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
golden mouse Ochrotomys nuttalli Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hairy-tailed bats Lasiurus - - - - - -
hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus Present Native Rare
house mouse Mus musculus Present Non-native Common
hispid cotton rat Sigmodon hispidus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata Present Native Rare
long-nosed armadillo, Nine-banded Armadillo Dasypus novemcinctus Present Non-native Common
least shrew Cryptotis parva Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mink Mustela vison Unconfirmed Native - -
marsh rice rat Oryzomys palustris Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Norway rat Rattus norvegicus Probably Present Non-native - -
Nutria Myocastor coypus Present Non-native Rare
northern short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red fox Vulpes vulpes Present Native Uncommon
raccoon Procyon lotor Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis Present Native Rare
Seminole Bat Lasiurus seminolus Present Native Rare
Swamp Rabbit Sylvilagus aquaticus Present Native Uncommon
southern flying squirrel Glaucomys volans Present Native Common
Southern Short-tailed Shrew Blarina carolinensis Present Native Common
southeastern shrew Sorex longirostris Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Present Native Abundant
woodland vole Microtus pinetorum Present Native Rare
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Golden Eagle, Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos Unconfirmed Native - -
American Wigeon, Baldpate Anas americana Probably Present Native - -
American Herring Gull, Herring Gull Larus argentatus Probably Present Native - -
american woodcock Scolopax minor Probably Present Native - -
American Peregrine Falcon, Duck Hawk, Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Probably Present Native - -
american kestrel Falco sparverius Probably Present Native - -
American Coot, Northern American Coot Fulica americana Probably Present Native - -
american crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Present Native Abundant
american goldfinch Carduelis tristis Probably Present Native - -
american redstart Setophaga ruticilla Probably Present Native - -
american robin Turdus migratorius Probably Present Native - -
acadian flycatcher Empidonax virescens Present Native Abundant
American Egret, Common Egret?, Great Egret Ardea alba Probably Present Native - -
American White Pelican, White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Probably Present Native - -
American White Ibis, White Ibis Eudocimus albus Probably Present Native - -
Anhinga Anhinga anhinga Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
broad-winged hawk Buteo platypterus Present Native Uncommon
Bald Eagle, Northern Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Probably Present Native - -
black vulture Coragyps atratus Probably Present Native - -
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Probably Present Native - -
Blue Goose, Snow Goose Chen caerulescens Probably Present Native - -
Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia Probably Present Native - -
Belted Kingfisher, Eastern Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Probably Present Native - -
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus Probably Present Native - -
Blue Grosbeak, Eastern Blue Grosbeak Guiraca caerulea Present Native Common
Brown Creeper Certhia americana Probably Present Native - -
blue jay Cyanocitta cristata Present Native Common
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Common
Bank Swallow, Common Bank Swallow Riparia riparia Probably Present Native - -
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus Probably Present Native - -
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Probably Present Native - -
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Native Abundant
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Present Native Common
bay-breasted warbler Dendroica castanea Probably Present Native - -
blackburnian warbler Dendroica fusca Probably Present Native - -
blackpoll warbler Dendroica striata Probably Present Native - -
black-throated green warbler Dendroica virens Present Native Common
black-and-white warbler Mniotilta varia Present Native Common
blue-winged warbler Vermivora pinus Present Native Uncommon
blue-gray gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Present Native Common
Bewick's Wren, Eastern Bewick's Wren Thryomanes bewickii Not In Park Native - -
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius Probably Present Native - -
barred owl Strix varia Present Native Uncommon
Barn Owl, North American Barn Owl Tyto alba Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
cooper's hawk Accipiter cooperii Probably Present Native - -
Common Mallard, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Present Native Common
Common White-fronted Goose, Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons Probably Present Native - -
Canada Goose, Eastern Canada Goose Branta canadensis Probably Present Native - -
chimney swift Chaetura pelagica Probably Present Native - -
chuck-will's-widow Caprimulgus carolinensis Probably Present Native - -
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor Probably Present Native - -
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia Probably Present Native - -
Common Snipe, Wilson's Common Snipe, Wilson's Snipe Gallinago gallinago Probably Present Native - -
cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Probably Present Native - -
Common Lapland Longspur, Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus Probably Present Native - -
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Probably Present Native - -
Cliff Swallow, Eastern Cliff Swallow, Eave Swallow, Northern Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Probably Present Native - -
common grackle Quiscalus quiscula Present Native Abundant
Carolina Chickadee Poecile carolinensis Probably Present Native - -
cerulean warbler Dendroica cerulea Probably Present Native - -
chestnut-sided warbler Dendroica pensylvanica Probably Present Native - -
common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Present Native Common
Common Oven-bird, Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapillus Probably Present Native - -
canada warbler Wilsonia canadensis Probably Present Native - -
carolina wren Thryothorus ludovicianus Present Native Abundant
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Dickcissel Spiza americana Present Native Common
dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis Probably Present Native - -
downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens Present Native Common
Double-crested Cormorant, Northern Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Least Tern, Least Tern Sterna antillarum Probably Present Native - -
Eastern Pigeon Hawk, Merlin, Pigeon Hawk Falco columbarius Probably Present Native - -
Eastern Savannah Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Probably Present Native - -
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Present Native Abundant
Eastern Vesper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Probably Present Native - -
evening grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus Probably Present Native - -
eastern meadowlark Sturnella magna Probably Present Native - -
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Probably Present Non-native - -
eastern bluebird Sialia sialis Present Native Abundant
eastern wood-pewee Contopus virens Present Native Abundant
eastern phoebe Sayornis phoebe Present Native Abundant
eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Probably Present Native - -
Eastern Green Heron, Green heron, Green-backed Heron Butorides virescens Probably Present Native - -
Eastern Screech-Owl, Screech Owl Otus asio Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri Probably Present Native - -
Fish crow Corvus ossifragus Present Native Abundant
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca Probably Present Native - -
field sparrow Spizella pusilla Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca Probably Present Native - -
Gadwall Anas strepera Probably Present Native - -
gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis Present Native Abundant
golden-winged warbler Vermivora chrysoptera Probably Present Native - -
golden-crowned kinglet Regulus satrapa Probably Present Native - -
gray-cheeked thrush Catharus minimus Probably Present Native - -
great crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Present Native Common
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Probably Present Native - -
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus Probably Present Native - -
horned lark Eremophila alpestris Probably Present Native - -
house finch Carpodacus mexicanus Probably Present Native - -
hooded warbler Wilsonia citrina Present Native Uncommon
house sparrow Passer domesticus Probably Present Non-native - -
house wren Troglodytes aedon Probably Present Native - -
hermit thrush Catharus guttatus Present Native Abundant
hairy woodpecker Picoides villosus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Killdeer, Northern Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Probably Present Native - -
kentucky warbler Oporornis formosus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lesser Scaup, Lesser Scaup Duck Aythya affinis Probably Present Native - -
Limpkin Aramus guarauna Not In Park Native - -
Lincoln's Sparrow, Northern Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Present Native Uncommon
loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus Probably Present Native - -
Louisana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla Probably Present Native - -
Little Blue Heron, Northern Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis Probably Present Native - -
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Abundant
magnolia warbler Dendroica magnolia Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Probably Present Native - -
Northern shoveler, Shoveller Anas clypeata Probably Present Native - -
Northern Ruddy Duck, Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Probably Present Native - -
northern bobwhite Colinus virginianus Probably Present Native - -
northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Present Native Abundant
northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Probably Present Native - -
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Present Native Abundant
northern parula Parula americana Present Native Uncommon
Northern Waterthrush, Northern Water-Thrush Seiurus noveboracensis Probably Present Native - -
nashville warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Probably Present Native - -
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
osprey Pandion haliaetus Probably Present Native - -
orchard oriole Icterus spurius Present Native Common
orange-crowned warbler Vermivora celata Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos Probably Present Native - -
Painted Bunting Passerina ciris Probably Present Native - -
Pine siskin Carduelis pinus Probably Present Native - -
purple finch Carpodacus purpureus Probably Present Native - -
purple martin Progne subis Present Native Abundant
pine warbler Dendroica pinus Probably Present Native - -
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea Present Native Uncommon
Philadelphia vireo Vireo philadelphicus Probably Present Native - -
Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus Present Native Uncommon
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present Native Uncommon
red-shouldered hawk Buteo lineatus Probably Present Native - -
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Probably Present Native - -
ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris Present Native Common
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Probably Present Native - -
rock dove Columba livia Probably Present Native - -
rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus Probably Present Native - -
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Common
rusty blackbird Euphagus carolinus Probably Present Native - -
ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula Present Native Abundant
red-breasted nuthatch Sitta canadensis Probably Present Native - -
red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus Present Native Abundant
red-bellied woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus Present Native Abundant
red-headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sharp-shinned hawk Accipiter striatus Not In Park Native - -
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus Probably Present Native - -
swamp sparrow Melospiza georgiana Probably Present Native - -
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Present Native Abundant
Swainson's warbler Limnothlypis swainsonii Present Native Uncommon
scarlet tanager Piranga olivacea Probably Present Native - -
summer tanager Piranga rubra Present Native Abundant
swainson's thrush Catharus ustulatus Present Native Common
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus Probably Present Native - -
Snowy Egret Egretta thula Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Common
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Probably Present Native - -
tufted titmouse Baeolophus bicolor Probably Present Native - -
tennessee warbler Vermivora peregrina Present Native Common
Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
veery Catharus fuscescens Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Wood Duck Aix sponsa Present Native Uncommon
whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus Probably Present Native - -
Wood Stork Mycteria americana Probably Present Native - -
white-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Present Native Abundant
white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Probably Present Native - -
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorus Present Native Uncommon
white-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Probably Present Native - -
Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana Probably Present Native - -
winter wren Troglodytes troglodytes Probably Present Native - -
wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina Present Native Common
warbling vireo Vireo gilvus Probably Present Native - -
white-eyed vireo Vireo griseus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Present Native Abundant
yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata Present Native Abundant
yellow-throated warbler Dendroica dominica Probably Present Native - -
yellow warbler Dendroica petechia Probably Present Native - -
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens Present Native Uncommon
yellow-throated vireo Vireo flavifrons Present Native Uncommon
Yellow-crowned Night Heron, Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea Probably Present Native - -
yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Probably Present Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
alligator snapping turtle Macroclemys temminckii Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Black-masked Racer Coluber constrictor latrunculus Present Native Common
black rat snake Elaphe spiloides Present Native Common
Blotched Watersnake Nerodia erythrogaster - - - - - -
brown snake Storeria dekayi Probably Present Native - -
broadhead skink Eumeces laticeps Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Corn Snake, Cornsnake Elaphe guttata Present Native Common
Common Kingsnake Lampropeltis getula holbrooki Present Native Common
Common Snapping Turtle Chelydra serpentina serpentina Present Native Common
Chicken Turtle Deirochelys reticularia Probably Present Native - -
common musk turtle Sternotherus odoratus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern hognose snake Heterodon platirhinos Probably Present Native - -
eastern garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
five-lined skink Eumeces fasciatus Present Native Abundant
FALSE MAP TURTLE Graptemys pseudogeographica Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green Anole Anolis carolinensis Present Native Common
ground skink Scincella lateralis Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
MIDWEST WORM SNAKE Carphophis amoenus helenae Present Native Unknown
Mississippi Ringneck Snake Diadophis punctatus stictogenys Present Native Common
milk snake Lampropeltis triangulum Probably Present Native - -
Midland Water Snake Nerodia sipedon pleuralis Present Native Common
Mississippi Map Turtle Graptemys kohnii Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ouachita Map Turtle Graptemys ouachitensis Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
prairie kingsnake Lampropeltis calligaster Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
rough green snake Opheodrys aestivus Present Native Common
Rough Earth Snake, Rough Earthsnake Virginia striatula Probably Present Native - -
River Cooter Pseudemys concinna Present Native Abundant
red-eared slider Trachemys scripta elegans Present Native Abundant
Razor-backed Musk Turtle Sternotherus carinatus Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Scarlet Snake Cemophora coccinea Probably Present Native - -
southeastern crowned snake Tantilla coronata Probably Present Native - -
Smooth Earth Snake, Smooth Earthsnake Virginia valeriae Probably Present Native - -
Southern Copperhead Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix Present Native Abundant
Southern Painted Turtle Chrysemys picta dorsalis Present Native Common
Smooth Softshell, smooth softshell turtle Apalone mutica Probably Present Native - -
spiny softshell turtle Apalone spinifera Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
timber rattlesnake Crotalus horridus Present Native Common
Three-toed Box Turtle Terrapene carolina triunguis Present Native Abundant
TURTLE, MUD, EASTERN Kinosternon subrubrum Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Western Coachwhip Masticophis flagellum Probably Present Native - -
Western Ribbonsnake Thamnophis proximus Probably Present Native - -
Western Cottonmouth Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Yellow-bellied Water Snake Nerodia erythrogaster flavigaster Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Toad Anaxyrus americanus Present Native Abundant
American Bullfrog Lithobates catesbeianus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Bird-voiced Treefrog Hyla avivoca Probably Present Native - -
barking treefrog Hyla gratiosa Not In Park Native - -
Bronze Frog Lithobates clamitans clamitans Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Cope's gray treefrog Hyla chrysoscelis Present Native Abundant
Crawfish Frog Lithobates areolatus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Dwarf Salamander Eurycea quadridigitata Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern narrowmouth toad Gastrophryne carolinensis Present Native Abundant
eastern spadefoot Scaphiopus holbrookii Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fowler's Toad Anaxyrus fowleri Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green Tree Frog, Green Treefrog Hyla cinerea Present Native Common
Gray Treefrog, Rain Toad, Tree Toad Hyla versicolor Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
marbled salamander Ambystoma opacum Probably Present Native - -
mole salamander Ambystoma talpoideum Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern cricket frog Acris crepitans Present Native Common
Northern Spring Peeper Pseudacris crucifer crucifer Present Native Abundant
northern red salamander Pseudotriton ruber Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Oak Toad Anaxyrus quercicus Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Pine Woods Treefrog Hyla femoralis Not In Park Native - -
Pickerel Frog Lithobates palustris Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-spotted newt Notophthalmus viridescens Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Southern Toad Anaxyrus terrestris Not In Park Native - -
Southern Cricket Frog Acris gryllus Probably Present Native - -
Squirrel Treefrog Hyla squirella Probably Present Native - -
southern leopard frog Lithobates sphenocephalus Present Native Abundant
spotted salamander Ambystoma maculatum Present Native Common
southern two-lined salamander Eurycea cirrigera Probably Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
three-lined salamander Eurycea guttolineata Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
upland chorus frog Pseudacris feriarum Probably Present Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
alligator gar Lepisosteus spatula Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bluntnose minnow Pimephales notatus Present Native Common
Blue Spot Sunfish, Bluespotted Sunfish, Bluespottted Sunfish Enneacanthus gloriosus Unconfirmed Native - -
bluntnose darter Etheostoma chlorosomum Present Native Rare
black bullhead Ameiurus melas Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
central stoneroller Campostoma anomalum Present Native Rare
common carp Cyprinus carpio Present Native Common
creek chub Semotilus atromaculatus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
emerald shiner Notropis atherinoides Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fathead Minnow Pimephales promelas Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Golden Shiner Notemigonus crysoleucas Present Native Common
goldeye Hiodon alosoides Unconfirmed Native - -
Green Sunfish Lepomis cyanellus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Mississippi silvery minnow Hybognathus nuchalis Present Native Common
mud darter Etheostoma asprigene Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pirate perch Aphredoderus sayanus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
steelcolor shiner Cyprinella whipplei Unconfirmed Native - -
southern redbelly dace Phoxinus erythrogaster Unconfirmed Native - -
swamp darter Etheostoma fusiforme Present Native Rare
silver lamprey Ichthyomyzon unicuspis Unconfirmed Native - -
spotted gar Lepisosteus oculatus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
western mosquitofish Gambusia affinis Present Native Uncommon
warmouth Lepomis gulosus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow bullhead Ameiurus natalis Present Native Uncommon

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American holly Ilex opaca Present Native Common
annual blueeyed grass, annual blue-eyed grass Sisyrinchium rosulatum Present Native Abundant
annual ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia Present Native Abundant
alligator weed, alligatorweed, pig weed Alternanthera philoxeroides Present Non-native Unknown
American pokeweed, common pokeweed, inkberry, pigeonberry, poke, pokeberry, pokeweed Phytolacca americana Present Native Abundant
American buckwheat vine, buckwheat vine, redvine Brunnichia ovata - - Native - -
American bittersweet Celastrus scandens Present Native Rare
Asiatic dayflower Commelina communis Present Non-native Abundant
American hogpeanut Amphicarpaea bracteata Present Native Unknown
American hornbeam Carpinus caroliniana Present Native Abundant
American beech Fagus grandifolia Present Native Uncommon
angularfruit milkvine Matelea gonocarpos Present Native Common
American beautyberry Callicarpa americana Present Native Common
American lopseed Phryma leptostachya Present Native Common
arrowleaf violet, arrow-leaved violet Viola sagittata Present Native Abundant
American basswood Tilia americana Present Native Abundant
asplenium ladyfern Athyrium filix-femina ssp. asplenioides Present Native Unknown
American sycamore Platanus occidentalis Present Native Common
Alabama supplejack Berchemia scandens Present Native Abundant
Avens Geum canadense Present Native Abundant
American elm Ulmus americana Present Native Common
American nightshade Solanum ptychanthum Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
broadleaf wild leek Allium ampeloprasum Present Non-native Uncommon
- - Baccharis halimifolia Present Native Uncommon
blue mistflower Conoclinium coelestinum Present Native Common
butterweed, cressleaf, cressleaf groundsel Senecio glabellus Present Native Abundant
blowball, common dandelion, dandelion, faceclock Taraxacum officinale Present Non-native Abundant
blue houndstongue, wild comfrey Cynoglossum virginianum Present Native Common
bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort Tradescantia ohiensis Present Native Abundant
BUR CUCUMBER, oneseed burr cucumber Sicyos angulatus Present Native Unknown
bald cypress Taxodium distichum Present Native Common
blackhaw Viburnum prunifolium Present Native Common
beaked cornsalad Valerianella radiata Present Native Abundant
buckthorn bully Sideroxylon lycioides Present Native Common
black locust Robinia pseudoacacia Present Native Unknown
Black Locust Robinia pseudo-acacia Present Native Abundant
black oak Quercus velutina Present Native Abundant
bitter pecan, water hickory Carya aquatica Present Native - -
bitternut hickory Carya cordiformis Present Native Common
black walnut Juglans nigra Present Native Common
blue fieldmadder Sherardia arvensis Present Non-native Abundant
beefsteakplant Perilla frutescens Present Non-native Common
blackseed plantain Plantago rugelii Present Native Common
bird-eye speedwell Veronica persica Present Non-native Abundant
Brazilian vervain Verbena brasiliensis Present Non-native Abundant
bristly greenbrier Smilax tamnoides Present Native Abundant
black willow Salix nigra Present Native Common
Baldwin's flatsedge Cyperus croceus Present Native Unknown
bushy bluestem Andropogon glomeratus Present Native Common
broom-sedge Andropogon virginicus Present Native Abundant
Bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon Present Non-native Common
Bosc's panicgrass Dichanthelium boscii Present Native Unknown
bristle basketgrass Oplismenus hirtellus Present Native Unknown
Bahia grass, bahiagrass Paspalum notatum Present Non-native Abundant
bluntlobe cliff fern Woodsia obtusa Present Native Common
blisterwort Ranunculus recurvatus Present Native Common
Black Cherry Prunus serotina Present Native Abundant
boxelder Acer negundo Present Native Abundant
Black Nightshade Solanum nigrum Present Native Common
bandanna of the Everglades Canna flaccida Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Canadian honewort Cryptotaenia canadensis Present Native Common
Canadian blacksnakeroot Sanicula canadensis Present Native Unknown
Crow-poison Nothoscordum bivalve Present Native Abundant
Common Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium angustifolium Present Native Abundant
crippled cranefly Tipularia discolor Present Native Common
common yarrow Achillea millefolium Present Non-native Abundant
clasping coneflower, clasping-coneflower Dracopis amplexicaulis Present Native Common
Carolina elephantsfoot Elephantopus carolinianus Present Native Common
Canada lettuce Lactuca canadensis Present Native Abundant
climbing hempvine, climbing hempweed Mikania scandens Present Native Common
camphor pluchea Pluchea camphorata Present Native Common
Canada Goldenrod Solidago canadensis Present Native Abundant
calico aster Symphyotrichum lateriflorum Present Native Unknown
cocklebur Xanthium strumarium Present Native Unknown
climbing false-buckwheat Polygonum scandens Present Native Common
creeping cucumber Melothria pendula Present Native Unknown
Common Elder Sambucus canadensis Present Native Abundant
common elderberry Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis Present Native Unknown
common persimmon Diospyros virginiana Present Native Abundant
crimson clover Trifolium incarnatum Present Non-native Abundant
Chinese wisteria Wisteria sinensis Present Non-native Uncommon
chinkapin oak Quercus muehlenbergii Present Native Abundant
cherrybark oak, Texas oak Quercus pagoda Present Native Common
Carolina jessamine, evening trumpetflower Gelsemium sempervirens Present Native Unknown
common buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Present Native Unknown
Carolina Cranesbill Geranium carolinianum Present Native Abundant
cutleaf geranium Geranium dissectum Present Non-native Abundant
cross vine, crossvine Bignonia capreolata Present Native Abundant
Chinese privet Ligustrum sinense Present Non-native Abundant
corn speedwell Veronica arvensis Present Non-native Abundant
cat greenbrier Smilax glauca Present Native Unknown
Chinese tallow tree Triadica sebifera Present Non-native Common
common blue violet Viola sororia Present Native Unknown
Carolina bristlemallow, Carolina modiola Modiola caroliniana Present Native Abundant
Carolina basswood Tilia americana var. caroliniana Present Native - -
Crepe myrtle Lagerstroemia indica Present Non-native Common
cutleaf grapefern Botrychium dissectum Present Native Unknown
common yellow oxalis Oxalis stricta Present Native Abundant
Cherokee sedge Carex cherokeensis Present Native Common
chaguan humatag, cocograss, kili'o'opu, nutgrass, pakopako, purple nutsedge Cyperus rotundus Present Non-native Abundant
Cheat, Bromegrass Bromus secalinus Present Non-native Abundant
Common Darnel, Perennial Ryegrass Lolium perenne Present Non-native Abundant
Christmas Fern Polystichum acrostichoides Present Native Abundant
cupseed Calycocarpum lyonii Present Native Unknown
Carolina snailseed Cocculus carolinus Present Native Common
Carolina buckthorn Rhamnus caroliniana Present Native Unknown
Chickasaw plum Prunus angustifolia Present Native Common
Carolina laurelcherry Prunus caroliniana Present Native Abundant
Canadian clearweed Pilea pumila Present Native Common
Chinaberry Melia azedarach Present Non-native Common
common pricklyash, common pricky-ash, toothachetree Zanthoxylum americanum Present Native Unknown
Carolina ponysfoot, grass ponysfoot Dichondra carolinensis Present Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
DOTTED DUCKWEED Spirodela punctata Present Non-native Uncommon
devil's walkingstick Aralia spinosa Present Native Unknown
Drummond's aster Aster drummondii Present Native Common
devil's grandmother Elephantopus tomentosus Present Native Unknown
Drummond's aster Symphyotrichum drummondii Present Native Unknown
devil's darning needles Clematis virginiana Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
English ivy Hedera helix Present Non-native Common
eastern lined ASTER Aster lanceolatus Present Native Abundant
elephant's-foot Elephantopus nudatus Present Native Common
European chickweed Cerastium pumilum Present Non-native Common
eastern redcedar Juniperus virginiana Present Native Common
eastern redbud Cercis canadensis Present Native Abundant
eastern swampprivet, swamp privet, Texas forestiera Forestiera acuminata Present Native Unknown
eyebane Chamaesyce nutans Present Native Abundant
eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides Present Native Common
eastern white pine Pinus strobus Present Non-native Uncommon
eastern narrowleaf sedge Carex amphibola Present Native Common
eastern woodland sedge Carex blanda Present Native Common
early paspalum Paspalum praecox Present Native Unknown
eight-flower six-weeks grass, pullout grass, sixweeks fescue, sixweeks grass Vulpia octoflora Present Native Abundant
ebony spleenwort Asplenium platyneuron Present Native Common
eastern poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
field garlic Allium oleraceum Present Non-native Abundant
Frost aster Aster pilosus Present Native Abundant
false daisy Eclipta prostrata Present Native Common
florida lettuce Lactuca floridana Present Native Abundant
False dandelion Pyrrhopappus carolinianus Present Native Abundant
flowering dogwood Cornus florida Present Native Abundant
field clover Trifolium campestre Present Non-native Abundant
fringeleaf wild petunia Ruellia humilis var. humilis Present Native Common
frog fruit, lanceleaf fogfruit, lanceleaf frog fruit, lanceleaf frogfruit, northern fogfruit Phyla lanceolata Present Native Common
Field pansy, Green field pansy Viola rafinesquei Present Native Abundant
field rush Juncus tenuis Present Native Common
fingergrass, Henry's crabgrass, kukaepua'a, saulangi, smooth crabgrass, southern crab grass, southern crabgrass, tropical crabgrass Digitaria ciliaris Present Native Unknown
fowl mannagrass Glyceria striata Present Native Common
Florida maple, hammock maple, southern sugar maple Acer barbatum Present Native Abundant
frost grape Vitis vulpina Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
green dragon Arisaema dracontium Present Native Abundant
grape hyacinth Muscari neglectum Present Native Common
Great Ragweed Ambrosia trifida Present Native Abundant
giant ironweed, tall ironweed Vernonia gigantea Present Native Common
great blue lobelia Lobelia siphilitica Present Native Common
glossy privet, tree privet Ligustrum lucidum - - Non-native - -
globe flatsedge Cyperus echinatus Present Native Abundant
Giant Cane Arundinaria gigantea Present Native Common
golden bamboo Phyllostachys aurea Present Non-native Uncommon
glade fern Diplazium pycnocarpon Present Native Unknown
groundcherry, husk tomato, husk-tomato Physalis pubescens Present Native Common
Ground-cherry nightshade Solanum sarrachoides Present Non-native Common
graybark grape Vitis cinerea Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hoary bowlesia Bowlesia incana Present Native Unknown
Harriman's yucca Yucca harrimaniae var. harrimaniae Present Unknown - -
Heath Aster Symphyotrichum pilosum Present Native Unknown
hairy bittercress Cardamine hirsuta Present Non-native Abundant
Hedge Mustard Sisymbrium officinale Present Non-native Abundant
hoary ticktrefoil Desmodium canescens Present Native Unknown
honeylocust Gleditsia triacanthos Present Native Common
Hairy Vetch Vicia villosa Present Non-native Abundant
hophornbeam Ostrya virginiana Present Native Unknown
honeyvine Cynanchum laeve Present Native Unknown
henbit deadnettle Lamium amplexicaule Present Non-native Abundant
hedgehog woodrush Luzula echinata Present Native Abundant
Heavenly bamboo Nandina domestica Present Non-native Common
hardy orange Poncirus trifoliata Present Non-native Common
horse-nettle Solanum carolinense Present Native Unknown
heartleaf ampelopsis, heartleaf peppervine Ampelopsis cordata Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Indian strawberry Duchesnea indica Present Non-native Abundant
IVY-LEAVED MORNING-GLORY Ipomoea hederacea Present Non-native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Jack in the pulpit Arisaema triphyllum Present Native Abundant
jumpseed Polygonum virginianum Present Native Common
January jasmine, sweet breath of spring, sweet breath-of-spring Lonicera fragrantissima Present Non-native Unknown
Japanese honeysuckle Lonicera japonica Present Non-native Abundant
jewelweed Impatiens capensis Present Native Common
Japanese privet Ligustrum japonicum Present Non-native Common
Japanese mazus Mazus pumilus Present Non-native Common
Johnsongrass Sorghum halepense Present Non-native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
KUDZU Pueraria lobata Present Non-native Abundant
Kudzu Pueraria montana var. lobata Present Non-native Unknown
Kentucky bluegrass Poa pratensis Present Non-native Abundant
Kunth's maiden fern Thelypteris kunthii Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
lateflowering thoroughwort Eupatorium serotinum Present Native Unknown
Leavenworth's vetch Vicia ludoviciana ssp. leavenworthii Present Native Abundant
live oak Quercus virginiana Present Native Uncommon
lyreleaf sage Salvia lyrata Present Native Abundant
lanceleaf greenbrier, small greenbrier Smilax smallii Present Native Abundant
Loblolly pine Pinus taeda Present Native Common
lizard's tail Saururus cernuus Present Native Unknown
littlehead nutrush Scleria oligantha Present Native Unknown
longspike threeawn Aristida longispica Unconfirmed Unknown - -
Little BARLEY Hordeum pusillum Present Native Abundant
lowland bladderfern Cystopteris protrusa Present Native Common
lesser clearweed Pilea fontana Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
meadow garlic Allium canadense Present Native Abundant
magic lily Lycoris radiata Present Non-native Common
marsh fleabane Pluchea odorata Present Native Unknown
mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium viscosum Present Non-native Abundant
maidenhair tree Ginkgo biloba Present Non-native Uncommon
mercuryweed, threeseeded mercury, Virginia copperleaf, Virginia threeseed mercury, wax balls Acalypha virginica Present Native Common
meadow fescue Lolium pratense Present Non-native Abundant
marsh bristlegrass Setaria parviflora Present Native Unknown
multiflora rose Rosa multiflora Present Non-native Common
mistletoe Phoradendron serotinum Present Native Common
muscadine Vitis rotundifolia Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Nettle-leaved goosefoot Chenopodium murale Present Non-native Common
Northern White Cedar Thuja occidentalis Present Non-native Uncommon
Narrow-leaved Vetch Vicia sativa Present Non-native Abundant
Northern Red Oak Quercus rubra Present Native Abundant
northern spicebush Lindera benzoin Present Native Common
Nepalese browntop Microstegium vimineum Present Non-native Common
northern maidenhair Adiantum pedatum Present Native Common
northern dewberry Rubus flagellaris Present Native Unknown
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
oriental bittersweet Celastrus orbiculatus Present Non-native Uncommon
oakleaf hydrangea Hydrangea quercifolia Present Native Abundant
ovalleaf sedge Carex cephalophora Present Native Common
Orchard Grass Dactylis glomerata Present Non-native Abundant
openflower rosette grass Dichanthelium laxiflorum Present Native Common
osage orange Maclura pomifera Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pale duckweed Lemna valdiviana Present Native Uncommon
possumhaw Ilex decidua Present Native Abundant
Philadelphia fleabane Erigeron philadelphicus Present Native Abundant
pink thoroughwort Eupatorium incarnatum Present Native Common
pink thoroughwort Fleischmannia incarnata Present Native Unknown
pearlwort Sagina decumbens Present Native Abundant
Pennsylvania knotweed, Pennsylvania smartweed, pinkweed, pinweed Polygonum pensylvanicum Present Native Common
prairie spiderwort, spiderwort Tradescantia occidentalis Present Native Common
Pagoda Dogwood Cornus alternifolia Present Native Unknown
perplexed ticktrefoil Desmodium perplexum Present Native Abundant
Persian clover, reversed clover Trifolium resupinatum Present Non-native Common
pignut hickory Carya glabra Present Native Unknown
pecan Carya illinoinensis Present Native Common
Periwinkle Vinca major Present Non-native Unknown
purple dead-nettle Lamium purpureum Present Non-native Abundant
princesstree Paulownia tomentosa Present Non-native Uncommon
paleseed Indianwheat, Virginia plantain Plantago virginica Present Native Abundant
Purslane Speedwell or Neckweed Veronica peregrina Present Non-native Abundant
pawpaw Asimina triloba Present Native Abundant
purple passionflower Passiflora incarnata Present Native Abundant
prostrate blue violet Viola walteri Present Native Common
pinkladies, Showy evening primrose, showy eveningprimrose Oenothera speciosa Present Native Abundant
- - Pennisetum glaucum Present Native Common
purpletop Tridens flavus Present Native Abundant
paper mulberry Broussonetia papyrifera Present Non-native Abundant
peach Prunus persica Present Non-native Uncommon
planertree, water elm, water-elm Planera aquatica Present Native Unknown
peppervine Ampelopsis arborea Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
roadside blueeyed grass, roadside blue-eyed grass Sisyrinchium langloisii Present Native Abundant
roughleaf dogwood Cornus drummondii Present Native Abundant
rusty blackhaw Viburnum rufidulum Present Native Common
red clover Trifolium pratense Present Non-native Abundant
roundleaf greenbrier Smilax rotundifolia Present Native Unknown
ridged yellow flax, rigid flax Linum striatum Present Native Unknown
ROSE MALLOW Hibiscus moscheutos - - Native - -
rattlesnake fern Botrychium virginianum Present Native Abundant
reflexed sedge Carex retroflexa Present Native Common
RED-ROOTED GALINGALE Cyperus erythrorhizos Present Native Common
Redtop Agrostis stolonifera Present Non-native Unknown
rescue grass Bromus catharticus Present Non-native Abundant
Rice Cutgrass Leersia oryzoides Present Native Common
resurrection fern Pleopeltis polypodioides ssp. michauxiana Present Native Unknown
resurrection fern Pleopeltis polypodioides var. michauxiana Present Native Common
red mulberry Morus rubra Present Native Abundant
red maple Acer rubrum Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sockbane Torilis arvensis Present Non-native Common
Solomon's-seal Polygonatum biflorum Present Native Common
Slender Ladies Tresses Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis Present Native Uncommon
Spanish needles Bidens bipinnata Present Native Common
Spiny-leaved Sow Thistle Sonchus asper Present Non-native Abundant
small Venus' looking-glass Triodanis biflora Present Native Abundant
spring forget-me-not Myosotis verna Present Native Common
SMALL-FLOWERED BABY-BLUE-EYES Nemophila triloba Present Native Common
Shepherd's Purse Capsella bursa-pastoris Present Non-native Abundant
Standley's goosefoot Chenopodium standleyanum Present Native Common
swamp smartweed Polygonum hydropiperoides Present Native Common
strawberry-bush Euonymus americanus Present Native Common
scouringrush horsetail Equisetum hyemale var. affine Present Native Common
sticky Jacob's-ladder, sticky polemonium Polemonium viscosum Present Native Unknown
- - Samolus floribundus Present Native Common
smallflower brookweed Samolus valerandi ssp. parviflorus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
silktree Albizia julibrissin Present Native Abundant
spotted bur-clover Medicago arabica Present Non-native Common
southern red oak Quercus falcata Present Native Abundant
swamp white oak Quercus michauxii Present Native Unknown
Shumard's oak Quercus shumardii Present Native Common
stickywilly Galium aparine Present Native Abundant
Spearmint Mentha spicata Present Native Common
sharpwing monkeyflower Mimulus alatus Present Native Common
sassafras Sassafras albidum Present Native Abundant
saw greenbrier Smilax bona-nox Present Native Abundant
southern magnolia Magnolia grandiflora Present Native Common
saucer magnolia Magnolia X soulangiana Present Non-native Rare
spotted St. Johnswort Hypericum punctatum Present Native Common
sparselobe grapefern Botrychium biternatum Present Native Abundant
stalked adder's tongue Ophioglossum petiolatum Present Native Uncommon
Spanish moss Tillandsia usneoides Present Native Uncommon
southern sedge Carex austrina Present Native Common
sedge Carex digitalis Present Native Unknown
sharpscale sedge Carex oxylepis Present Native Common
sand spikesedge Eleocharis montevidensis Present Native Common
slender crabgrass Digitaria filiformis Present Native Abundant
small crabgrass Digitaria ischaemum Present Non-native Abundant
smooth paspalum Paspalum laeve Present Native Unknown
swordfern Macrothelypteris torresiana Present Non-native Common
spinyfruit buttercup Ranunculus muricatus Present Non-native Common
smallflower buttercup, sticktight buttercup Ranunculus parviflorus Present Non-native Common
sugarberry Celtis laevigata Present Native Abundant
sawtooth blackberry Rubus argutus Present Native Abundant
southern dewberry Rubus trivialis Present Native Unknown
slippery elm Ulmus rubra Present Native Common
smallspike false nettle Boehmeria cylindrica Present Native Common
stinging nettle Urtica chamaedryoides Present Native Common
smooth sumac Rhus glabra Present Native Abundant
sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua Present Native Abundant
SMALL-FLOWERED MORNING-GLORY Ipomoea lacunosa Present Native Common
soft leaf groundcherry Physalis mollis Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Texas yucca Yucca rupicola Present Non-native Uncommon
threelobe beggarticks, three-lobe beggarticks Bidens tripartita Present Non-native Common
tall thistle Cirsium altissimum Present Native Common
trumpet honeysuckle Lonicera sempervirens Present Native Common
thicket bean Phaseolus polystachios Present Native Unknown
tiny bluet Houstonia pusilla Present Native Abundant
trumpet creeper Campsis radicans Present Native Unknown
toadflax Linaria canadensis Present Native Abundant
tuberous vervain Verbena rigida Present Non-native Common
toadshade Trillium sessile Present Native Common
tuliptree Liriodendron tulipifera Present Native Common
three-seeded mercury Acalypha rhomboidea Present Native Common
tussock spikesedge Eleocharis rostellata Present Native Unknown
tenpetal thimbleweed Anemone berlandieri Present Native Abundant
tree-of-heaven Ailanthus altissima Present Non-native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Venus's Looking-glass Triodanis perfoliata Present Native Abundant
Virginia dayflower Commelina virginica Present Native Abundant
Virginia buttonweed Diodia virginiana Present Native Abundant
Virginia snakeroot Aristolochia serpentaria Present Native Common
Virginia wild rye, Virginia wildrye Elymus virginicus Present Native Common
Virginia creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
whitenymph Trepocarpus aethusae Present Native Abundant
whorled pennywort Hydrocotyle verticillata Present Native Common
white snakeroot Ageratina altissima var. altissima Unconfirmed Unknown - -
white snakeroot Eupatorium rugosum Present Native Common
weedy dwarfdandelion Krigia caespitosa Present Native Abundant
waxyleaf aster Symphyotrichum undulatum Present Native Unknown
wingstem Verbesina alternifolia Present Native Common
wild hydrangea Hydrangea arborescens Present Native Abundant
wild yam Dioscorea villosa Present Native Unknown
white clover Trifolium repens Present Non-native Abundant
white oak Quercus alba Present Native Abundant
water oak Quercus nigra Present Native Abundant
white ash Fraxinus americana Present Native Uncommon
windowbox woodsorrel Oxalis rubra Present Non-native Uncommon
whitetinge sedge Carex albicans Present Native Common
whitegrass Leersia virginica Present Native Unknown
woodland bluegrass Poa sylvestris Present Native Abundant
winged elm Ulmus alata Present Native Abundant
witchhazel Hamamelis virginiana Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow thistle Cirsium horridulum Present Native Abundant
YELLOW SNEEZEWEED Helenium autumnale Present Native Common
yellow crownbeard Verbesina occidentalis Present Native Unknown
yellow passionflower Passiflora lutea Present Native Common
yellow nutsedge Cyperus esculentus Present Unknown Unknown