Wind Cave National Park

Rank: 113

Park Description

Swaying prairie grasses, forested hillsides, and an array of wildlife such as bison, elk, and prairie dogs welcome visitors to one of our country's oldest national parks and one of its few remaining intact prairies. Secreted beneath is one of the world's longest caves, Wind Cave. Named for barometric winds at its entrance, this complex labyrinth of passages contains a unique formation – boxwork.

Park Address

Wind Cave National Park 26611 U.S. Highway 385

Hot Springs, SD, 57747

Wind Cave National Park Activites








Species in Wind Cave National Park by Category

Here you can look up all the species found in Wind Cave National Park. Start by picking a category. From there you can see how many species have either the common name beggining with each letter or scientific name. It's a good place to start if you're looking for what kind of species are invasive to the park, or perhaps how common or rare a species is for that area.

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American bison, bison Bos bison Present Native Common
American Beaver, Beaver, Canadian Beaver Castor canadensis Unconfirmed Native - -
Arizona black-tailed prairie dog, Black-tailed Prairie Dog Cynomys ludovicianus Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
bighorn sheep, Bighorn Sheep Ovis canadensis Not In Park Native - -
bobcat Lynx rufus Present Native Uncommon
Bonaparte Weasel, Bonaparte's Weasel, Ermine, Short-tailed Weasel Mustela erminea Present Native Occasional
Black-footed Ferret Mustela nigripes Present Native Uncommon
badger Taxidea taxus Present Native Occasional
Black Bear Ursus americanus Not In Park Native - -
Brown bear, Grizzly bear Ursus arctos Not In Park Native - -
big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus Present Native Common
Boreal Redback Vole, Red-backed Mouse, Red-backed Vole, Southern Red-backed Vole, White-Mountain Red-backed Mouse Clethrionomys gapperi Present Native Common
bushy-tailed woodrat Neotoma cinerea Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
coyote Canis latrans Present Native Common
Cougar, mountain lion, Puma Puma concolor Present Native Rare
Coronation Island vole, long-tailed vole Microtus longicaudus Not In Park Native - -
Common Muskrat, Muskrat, Musquash, Water Rat Ondatra zibethicus Present Native Occasional
Chickaree, Red Squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
desert cottontail Sylvilagus audubonii Present Native Common
Dwarf Shrew, Rocky Mountain dwarf shrew Sorex nanus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
elk, Red Deer (see comments), wapiti, wapiti or elk Cervus elaphus Present Native Abundant
Eastern Timber Wolf, Gray Wolf, Timber Wolf Canis lupus Not In Park Native - -
Eastern Spotted Skunk, spotted skunk Spilogale putorius Not In Park Native - -
eastern red bat Lasiurus borealis Present Native Rare
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Present Native Common
eastern fox squirrel Sciurus niger Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
fringed myotis Myotis thysanodes Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Glaucomys sp. Glaucomys - - - - - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus Present Native Uncommon
Hedgehog, Porcupine Erethizon dorsatum Present Native Common
hispid pocket mouse Chaetodipus hispidus Present Native Rare
house mouse Mus musculus Present Non-native Unknown
Hayden's shrew, Prairie Shrew Sorex haydeni Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata Present Native Rare
long-eared myotis Myotis evotis Probably Present Native - -
little brown bat Myotis lucifugus Present Native Common
Long-legged Myotis Myotis volans Present Native Uncommon
Least Chipmunk Tamias minimus Present Native Common
least shrew Cryptotis parva Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mule deer Odocoileus hemionus Present Native Common
mink Mustela vison Present Native Unknown
Mountain Cottontail, Nuttall's cottontail Sylvilagus nuttallii Present Native Unknown
meadow jumping mouse Zapus hudsonius Present Native Uncommon
meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus Present Native Common
Mearns Flying Squirrel, Northern Flying Squirrel Glaucomys sabrinus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern bat Myotis septentrionalis Present Native Rare
Northern Pocket Gopher Thomomys talpoides Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ord's kangaroo rat Dipodomys ordii Unconfirmed Native - -
Olive-backed Pocket Mouse Perognathus fasciatus Present Native Rare
orthern grasshopper mouse Onychomys leucogaster Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
pronghorn, Pronghorn Antilocapra americana Present Native Uncommon
prairie vole Microtus ochrogaster Present Native Common
prairie deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus Present Native Abundant
plains harvest mouse Reithrodontomys montanus Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red fox Vulpes vulpes Present Native Occasional
raccoon Procyon lotor Present Native Occasional
Richardson's ground squirrel Spermophilus richardsonii Not In Park Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
swift fox Vulpes velox Not In Park Native - -
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis Present Native Occasional
silver-haired bat Lasionycteris noctivagans Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Townsend's Big-eared Bat Corynorhinus townsendii Present Native Uncommon
Thirteen-Lined Ground Squirrel Citellus tridecemlineatus - - - - - -
thirteen-lined ground squirrel Spermophilus tridecemlineatus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Present Native Common
western small-footed bat Myotis ciliolabrum Present Native Rare
white-tailed jack rabbit, White-tailed Jackrabbit Lepus townsendii Present Native Occasional
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus Present Native Abundant
western harvest mouse Reithrodontomys megalotis Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
yellow-bellied marmot Marmota flaviventris Present Native Occasional

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
American Golden Eagle, Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos Present Native Uncommon
American Rough-legged Hawk, Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus Present Native Common
American Pintail, Northern Pintail, Pintail Anas acuta Present Native Occasional
American Wigeon, Baldpate Anas americana Present Native Occasional
American Merganser, Common Merganser Mergus merganser Unconfirmed Native - -
American Black Tern, Black Tern Chlidonias niger Present Native Occasional
American Avocet, Avocet Recurvirostra americana Present Native Rare
American Peregrine Falcon, Duck Hawk, Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Present Native Occasional
american kestrel Falco sparverius Present Native Common
American Coot, Northern American Coot Fulica americana Present Native Occasional
american crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Present Native Uncommon
american tree sparrow Spizella arborea Present Native Common
american goldfinch Carduelis tristis Present Native Common
American Pipit, American Water Pipit, Water Pipit Anthus rubescens Present Native Occasional
american redstart Setophaga ruticilla Present Native Uncommon
american robin Turdus migratorius Present Native Abundant
alder flycatcher Empidonax alnorum Present Native Rare
Arkansas Kingbird, Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis Present Native Uncommon
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus Present Native Occasional
American White Pelican, White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Present Native Rare
Arctic Three-toed Woodpecker, Black-backed Three-toed Woodpecker, Black-backed Woodpecker Picoides arcticus Present Native Uncommon
American Long-eared Owl, Long-eared Owl Asio otus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Bald Eagle, Northern Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Present Native Common
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Present Native Uncommon
Bufflehead, Buffle-head Bucephala albeola Present Native Occasional
Blue Goose, Snow Goose Chen caerulescens Present Native Occasional
Broad-tailed Hummingbird Selasphorus platycercus Present Native Rare
Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia Present Native Occasional
Bartramian Sandpiper, Upland Plover, Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda Present Native Common
Belted Kingfisher, Eastern Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Present Native Uncommon
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus Present Native Occasional
Bohemian Waxwing, Greater Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus Present Native Occasional
Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea Present Native Occasional
Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus Present Native Common
Brown Creeper Certhia americana Present Native Uncommon
blue jay Cyanocitta cristata Present Native Occasional
Black-billed Magpie Pica hudsonia Present Native Uncommon
Baird's Sparrow Ammodramus bairdii Present Native Occasional
barn swallow Hirundo rustica Present Native Uncommon
Bank Swallow, Common Bank Swallow Riparia riparia Present Native Occasional
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus Present Native Occasional
Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus Present Native Common
Bullock's Oriole Icterus bullockii Present Native Uncommon
baltimore oriole Icterus galbula Present Native Occasional
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater Present Native Common
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Present Native Uncommon
Black-capped Chickadee Parus atricapillus Present - - - -
Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus Present Native Common
black-throated blue warbler Dendroica caerulescens Present Native Occasional
blackpoll warbler Dendroica striata Present Native Uncommon
black-and-white warbler Mniotilta varia Present Native Occasional
Bell's Vireo Vireo bellii Present Native Occasional
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius Present - - - -
burrowing owl Athene cunicularia Present Native Rare
barred owl Strix varia Unconfirmed Native - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
cooper's hawk Accipiter cooperii Present Native Uncommon
Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera Present Native Uncommon
Common Mallard, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Present Native Common
Canvasback Aythya valisineria Unconfirmed Native - -
Canada Goose, Eastern Canada Goose Branta canadensis Present Native Uncommon
Calliope Hummingbird Stellula calliope Unconfirmed Native - -
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor Present Native Common
Common Poorwill Phalaenoptilus nuttallii Present Native Common
Common Partridge, European Gray Partridge, European Partridge, Gray Partridge Perdix perdix Present Non-native Rare
cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Present Native Common
Clark's Nutcracker Nucifraga columbiana Present Native Uncommon
Canada Gray Jay, Canada Jay, Gray Jay Perisoreus canadensis Present Native Uncommon
Common Lapland Longspur, Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus Present Native Occasional
Chestnut-collared Longspur Calcarius ornatus Present Native Occasional
Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida Present Native Uncommon
chipping sparrow Spizella passerina Present Native Abundant
Common Redpoll, Greater Redpoll, Mealy Redpoll Carduelis flammea Present Native Uncommon
Cassin's Finch Carpodacus cassinii Present Native Occasional
Cliff Swallow, Eastern Cliff Swallow, Eave Swallow, Northern Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Present Native Uncommon
common grackle Quiscalus quiscula Present Native Uncommon
chestnut-sided warbler Dendroica pensylvanica Present Native Occasional
common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Present Native Common
Canyon Wren Catherpes mexicanus Present Native Uncommon
Cordilleran Flycatcher Empidonax occidentalis Present Native Common
Cassin's Kingbird Tyrannus vociferans Present Native Occasional
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Dickcissel Spiza americana Present Native Occasional
dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis Present Native Common
Dusky Flycatcher Empidonax oberholseri Present Native Common
downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens Present Native Uncommon
Double-crested Cormorant, Northern Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Goshawk, Goshawk, Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Willet, Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus Present Native Occasional
Eastern Solitary Sandpiper, Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria Present Native Rare
Eastern Pigeon Hawk, Merlin, Pigeon Hawk Falco columbarius Present Native Rare
Eastern Lark Sparrow, Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus Present Native Uncommon
Eastern Savannah Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Present Native Occasional
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Not In Park Native - -
Eastern Snow Bunting, Snow Bunting, Snowflake Plectrophenax nivalis Present Native Occasional
Eastern Vesper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Present Native Common
evening grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus Present Native Occasional
eastern meadowlark Sturnella magna Present Native Rare
european starling Sturnus vulgaris Present Non-native Uncommon
eastern bluebird Sialia sialis Present Native Uncommon
eastern phoebe Sayornis phoebe Present Native Uncommon
eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Present Native Common
Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis Present Native Occasional
eastern screech-owl Megascops asio Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis Present Native Occasional
Franklin's Gull Larus pipixcan Present Native Occasional
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca Unconfirmed Native - -
field sparrow Spizella pusilla Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca Present Native Uncommon
Gadwall Anas strepera Present Native Uncommon
Greater Yellowlegs, Greater Yellow-legs Tringa melanoleuca Present Native Uncommon
grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum Present Native Common
Gray-crowned rosy-finch Leucosticte tephrocotis Present Native Occasional
Great Gray Shrike, Northern Shrike Lanius excubitor Present Native Uncommon
gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis Present Native Uncommon
golden-crowned kinglet Regulus satrapa Present Native Uncommon
great crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Present Native Occasional
Great Blue Heron, Northern Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Present Native Uncommon
great horned owl Bubo virginianus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
horned lark Eremophila alpestris Present Native Uncommon
Harris' Sparrow, Harris's Sparrow Zonotrichia querula Present Native Rare
house finch Carpodacus mexicanus Present Native Occasional
house sparrow Passer domesticus Present Non-native Occasional
house wren Troglodytes aedon Present Native Abundant
hermit thrush Catharus guttatus Unconfirmed Native - -
hairy woodpecker Picoides villosus Present Native Common
Holboell's Grebe, Holboell's Red-necked Grebe, Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Killdeer, Northern Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Lesser Scaup, Lesser Scaup Duck Aythya affinis Present Native Occasional
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus Present Native Rare
Long-billed Curlew, Southern Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus Present Native Occasional
Lesser Yellowlegs, Lesser Yellow-legs Tringa flavipes Present Native Occasional
Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena Present Native Uncommon
Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys Present Native Occasional
Lincoln's Sparrow, Northern Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Present Native Uncommon
loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus Present Native Uncommon
least flycatcher Empidonax minimus Present Native Occasional
Lewis' Woodpecker Melanerpes lewis Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Marbled godwit Limosa fedoa Present Native Occasional
mourning dove Zenaida macroura Present Native Common
McCown's Longspur Calcarius mccownii Present Native Occasional
MacGillivray's Warbler Oporornis tolmiei Present Native Occasional
Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
northern harrier Circus cyaneus Present Native Uncommon
Northern shoveler, Shoveller Anas clypeata Present Native Uncommon
Northern Ruddy Duck, Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Unconfirmed Native - -
Northern Phalarope, Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus Present Native Occasional
northern bobwhite Colinus virginianus Present Native Occasional
northern rough-winged swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Present Native Uncommon
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Present Native Occasional
Northern Waterthrush, Northern Water-Thrush Seiurus noveboracensis Present Native Occasional
nashville warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Unconfirmed Native - -
northern flicker Colaptes auratus Present Native Common
Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus Present Native Uncommon
Northern Short-eared Owl, Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
osprey Pandion haliaetus Present Native Occasional
orchard oriole Icterus spurius Present Native Rare
Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla Present Native Common
orange-crowned warbler Vermivora celata Present Native Occasional
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Prairie Falcon Falco mexicanus Present Native Uncommon
Pheasant, Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Present Non-native Rare
Pinyon Jay Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus Present Native Uncommon
Pine siskin Carduelis pinus Present Native Uncommon
purple finch Carpodacus purpureus Present Native Occasional
prairie warbler Dendroica discolor Present Native Occasional
palm warbler Dendroica palmarum Present Native Occasional
Pygmy Nuthatch Sitta pygmaea Present Native Occasional
Plumbeous Vireo Vireo plumbeus Present Native Common
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis Present Native Common
Redhead Aythya americana Present Native Occasional
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Present Native Occasional
Ross's Goose Chen rossii Present Native Occasional
ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris Present Native Occasional
Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus Present Native Rare
Ringed Plover, Semipalmated Plover, Semipalmated Ringed Plover Charadrius semipalmatus Present Native Occasional
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Present Native Occasional
rock dove Columba livia Present Non-native Uncommon
rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus Present Native Occasional
Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra Present Native Common
red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Present Native Uncommon
ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula Present Native Occasional
red-breasted nuthatch Sitta canadensis Present Native Common
Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus Present Native Common
red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus Present Native Common
red-headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Present Native Uncommon
Red-naped Sapsucker Sphyrapicus nuchalis Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
sharp-shinned hawk Accipiter striatus Present Native Rare
Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni Present Native Occasional
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius Present Native Rare
Sharp-tailed Grouse Tympanuchus phasianellus Present Native Common
Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis Present Native Uncommon
Sora Rail, Sora Porzana carolina Present Native Occasional
song sparrow Melospiza melodia Present Native Uncommon
Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus Present Native Common
Sage Thrasher Oreoscoptes montanus Present Native Occasional
swainson's thrush Catharus ustulatus Present Native Uncommon
Say's Phoebe Sayornis saya Present Native Uncommon
Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
turkey vulture Cathartes aura Present Native Rare
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Present Native Rare
tennessee warbler Vermivora peregrina Present Native Occasional
Townsend's Solitaire Myadestes townsendi Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Violet-green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina Present Native Common
veery Catharus fuscescens Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Wood Duck Aix sponsa Present Native Occasional
white-throated swift Aeronautes saxatalis Present Native Common
Wilson's Snipe Gallinago delicata Present Native Uncommon
Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor Present Native Uncommon
Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo Present Non-native Common
Whooping Crane Grus americana Unconfirmed Native - -
white-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Present Native Rare
white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Present Native Rare
White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera Unconfirmed Native - -
Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta Present Native Abundant
wilson's warbler Wilsonia pusilla Present Native Rare
white-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Present Native Common
Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana Present Native Common
winter wren Troglodytes troglodytes Present Native Rare
western wood-pewee Contopus sordidulus Present Native Common
willow flycatcher Empidonax traillii Present Native Occasional
warbling vireo Vireo gilvus Present Native Uncommon
Western Grebe Aechmophorus occidentalis Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Present Native Occasional
yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata Present Native Common
yellow warbler Dendroica petechia Present Native Common
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens Present Native Common
yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Not In Park Native - -

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
black racer Coluber constrictor Present Native Common
Bullsnake, Gopher Snake Pituophis catenifer Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
common snapping turtle Chelydra serpentina Present Native Rare
Central Painted Turtle, Eastern Painted Turtle, Midland Painted Turtle, Painted Turtle Chrysemys picta Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Eastern Smooth Green Snake, Smooth Green Snake, Smooth-scaled Green Snake Liochlorophis vernalis Present Native Uncommon
eastern garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
milk snake Lampropeltis triangulum Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
plains garter snake Thamnophis radix Present Native Rare
Prairie Rattlesnake, Western Rattlesnake Crotalus viridis Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
western hog-nosed snake Heterodon nasicus Present Native Unknown
Western Terrestrial Garter Snake Thamnophis elegans Present Native Rare

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Boreal Chorus Frog Pseudacris maculata Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Chorus Frogs, Spring Peepers Pseudacris - - - - - -
Common Frog, Leopard Frog, Meadow Frog, Northern Leopard Frog Rana pipiens Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
eastern tiger salamander Ambystoma tigrinum Present Native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Great Plains toad Bufo cognatus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
plains spadefoot Spea bombifrons Present Native Occasional
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
rocky mountain toad Bufo woodhousii Present Native Abundant

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Brook Trout, Native Brook Trout Salvelinus fontinalis Present Non-native Common
black bullhead Ameiurus melas Present Non-native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
creek chub Semotilus atromaculatus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Fathead Minnow Pimephales promelas Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
longnose dace Rhinichthys cataractae Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
mountain sucker Catostomus platyrhynchus Present Native Common
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
plains topminnow Fundulus sciadicus Unconfirmed Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
white sucker Catostomus commersonii Present Native Common

 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
arumleaf arrowhead, arum-leaf arrowhead, nothern arrowhead, wapato Sagittaria cuneata Unconfirmed Native - -
asparagus Asparagus officinalis Present Non-native Uncommon
annual ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia Present Native Uncommon
aspen fleabane, Oregon daisy, Oregon fleabane, threenerve fleabane Erigeron speciosus Not In Park Unknown - -
ashy goldenrod, soft goldenrod, velvety goldenrod, woolly goldenrod Solidago mollis Present Native - -
aromatic aster Symphyotrichum oblongifolium Present Native Unknown
Aunt Lucy, false babyblueeyes, waterpod Ellisia nyctelea Present Native Uncommon
Alyssum Alyssum alyssoides Present Non-native Unknown
alkaline bladderpod, alpine bladderpod Lesquerella alpina Unconfirmed Native - -
annual buckwheat, annual eriogonum, annual wild buckwheat, annual wildbuckwheat, umbrella plant, wild buckwheat Eriogonum annuum Present Native Uncommon
alpine golden buckwheat, yellow eriogonum Eriogonum flavum Present Native Uncommon
American bistort Polygonum bistortoides Not In Park Unknown - -
American bittersweet Celastrus scandens Present Native Rare
American dogwood, red osier Cornus sericea ssp. sericea Present Native Rare
American twinflower, northern twinflower, twinflower Linnaea borealis Not In Park Unknown - -
alyssumleaf phlox, alyssum-leaf phlox Phlox alyssifolia Present Native Uncommon
alpine milkvetch Astragalus alpinus Not In Park Unknown - -
alkali poisonvetch, cream milkvetch, cream milk-vetch, creamy loco Astragalus racemosus Not In Park Unknown - -
Andean prairie clover, Andean prairieclover, largespike prairieclover Dalea cylindriceps Not In Park Unknown - -
American licorice, licorice, wild licorice Glycyrrhiza lepidota Present Native Uncommon
American bird's-foot trefoil, American bird's-foot-trefoil, prairie trefoil, Spanish clover Lotus unifoliolatus var. unifoliolatus Not In Park Unknown - -
Alfalfa, Lucerne Medicago sativa Present Non-native Uncommon
American deervetch, American purple vetch, American vetch Vicia americana Present Native Unknown
autumn dwarf gentian, autumn dwarfgentian, autumn dwarf-gentian Gentianella amarella ssp. acuta Present Native Rare
American spurred gentian, spurred-gentian Halenia deflexa Not In Park Unknown - -
American dragonhead Dracocephalum parviflorum Unconfirmed Native - -
azure blue sage, blue sage Salvia azurea Present Non-native Rare
American lopseed Phryma leptostachya Present Native Unknown
alpine penstemon, alpine sawsepal penstemon Penstemon glaber var. alpinus Unconfirmed Native - -
American speedwell, brooklime Veronica americana Present Native Unknown
Alpine Marsh Violet Viola palustris Present Native Unknown
Autumn willow-herb Epilobium brachycarpum Present Native Unknown
awned flat sedge, bearded flatsedge, bearded nutgrass Cyperus squarrosus Present Native Unknown
American Great Bulrush Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani Present Native Unknown
- - Agropyron cristatum Present Non-native Uncommon
awnless brome, smooth brome Bromus inermis Present Non-native Common
arctic brome Bromus kalmii Not In Park Unknown - -
alpine timothy Phleum alpinum Not In Park Unknown - -
alkali sacaton, alkali-sacaton Sporobolus airoides Not In Park Unknown - -
annual pricklypoppy, bluestem prickly poppy, crested pricklypoppy, pricklypoppy, thistle poppy, white prickly poppy Argemone polyanthemos Present Native Uncommon
American pasqueflower, eastern pasqueflower Pulsatilla patens ssp. patens Not In Park Unknown - -
alderleaf cercocarpus, alderleaf mountain-mahogany, birchleaf mountain-mahogany, mountain-mahogany, true mountain-mahogany Cercocarpus montanus Present Native Abundant
Avens Geum canadense Present Native Unknown
American plum Prunus americana Present Native Common
Arkansas rose, prairie rose, prairie wildrose, wild rose Rosa arkansana Present Native Abundant
American elm Ulmus americana Present Native Common
Atlantic poison oak, poison oak Toxicodendron pubescens Not In Park Unknown - -
ash-leaf maple, boxelder, boxelder maple Acer negundo var. interius Present Native Common
American alumroot Heuchera americana var. hirsuticaulis Not In Park Unknown - -
alumroot Heuchera richardsonii Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
buffalograss Bouteloua dactyloides Present Native Uncommon
biscuitroot, carrot-leaf desert-parsley, desert biscuitroot Lomatium foeniculaceum Present Native Uncommon
Black Snakeroot, Sanicle Sanicula marilandica Present Native Rare
beargrass, Great Plains yucca, small soapweed, soapweed yucca, Spanish bayonet, yucca Yucca glauca Present Native Common
big sagebrush, big sagebush Artemisia tridentata Not In Park Unknown - -
Batchelor's Buttons Centaurea cyanus Not In Park Unknown - -
bull thistle Cirsium vulgare Present Non-native Uncommon
branching conyza, dwarf horseweed Conyza ramosissima Present Native Unknown
blacksamson, blacksamson echinacea Echinacea angustifolia Present Native Abundant
bitter daisy, bitter fleabane, blue fleabane Erigeron acris Probably Present Native - -
Beautiful daisy Erigeron formosissimus Not In Park Unknown - -
buff fleabane Erigeron ochroleucus var. scribneri Probably Present Native - -
broom snakeweed, broomweed, perennial snakeweed, stinkweed, turpentine weed, yellow top Gutierrezia sarothrae Present Native Common
burweed marshelder, carelessweed, false ragweed, giant marshelder, giant sumpweed, horseweed, marshelder, rag sumpweed Iva xanthifolia Present Native Uncommon
Blue lettuce Lactuca tatarica var. pulchella Present Native Uncommon
blackeyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta Present Native Uncommon
baby goldenrod, gray goldenrod Solidago nana Unconfirmed Native - -
Bracted American-aster Symphyotrichum eatonii Unconfirmed Unknown - -
blowball, common dandelion, dandelion, faceclock Taraxacum officinale Present Non-native Uncommon
bighead greenthread Thelesperma megapotamicum Present Native Uncommon
buttecandle, minerscandle Cryptantha celosioides Present Native Rare
beggarslice Hackelia virginiana Not In Park Unknown - -
Black Mustard Brassica nigra Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Blue mustard Chorispora tenella Present Non-native Uncommon
Bladder-pod Lesquerella montana Not In Park Unknown - -
bog marshcress, bog yellowcress, common yellowcress, marsh yellowcress, marshcress, yellow watercress Rorippa palustris Present Native Unknown
bee spiderflower, Rocky Mountain beeplant Cleome serrulata Present Native Rare
burningbush, common kochia, fireweed, Mexican burningbush, Mexican fireweed, Mexican-fireweed, mock cypress, summercypress Kochia scoparia Probably Present Non-native - -
brittle cactus, brittle pricklypear, fragile cactus, jumping cactus, little pricklypear Opuntia fragilis Present Native - -
big chickweed Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare Present Non-native Unknown
Blunt-leaved or Grove Sandwort Moehringia lateriflora Unconfirmed Native - -
bouncingbet Saponaria officinalis Present Non-native Rare
Bladder Campion Silene vulgaris Unconfirmed Non-native - -
black bindweed Polygonum convolvulus Present Non-native Unknown
Bushy Knotweed Polygonum ramosissimum Present Native Unknown
bracted spiderwort, longbract spiderwort Tradescantia bracteata Present Native Uncommon
blue mudplantain Heteranthera limosa Present Native Unknown
Bunchberry Cornus canadensis Not In Park Unknown - -
bractless blazingstar, goodmother, stickleaf mentzelia Mentzelia nuda Not In Park Unknown - -
Bar Harbor Juniper, Creeping Juniper Juniperus horizontalis Present Native Uncommon
Bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Present Native Common
ballhead ipomopsis Ipomopsis congesta ssp. congesta Unconfirmed Native - -
ballhead gilia, ballhead ipomopsis Ipomopsis congesta ssp. pseudotypica Present Native Unknown
bastard indigo Amorpha fruticosa Present Native Uncommon
bigtop dalea, nine-anther dalea, nineanther prairie clover, nineanther prairieclover, nine-anther prairie-clover Dalea enneandra Present Native Uncommon
boreal sweetvetch, boreal sweet-vetch, northern sweetvetch, sweetvetch, Utah sweetvetch Hedysarum boreale Unconfirmed Native - -
Black Medick Medicago lupulina Present Non-native Uncommon
breadroot scurfpea, Indian breadroot, large Indian breadroot Pediomelum esculentum Present Native Uncommon
Beaked Hazelnut Corylus cornuta Present Native Unknown
bur oak Quercus macrocarpa Present Native Uncommon
blue giant hyssop, blue giant-hyssop Agastache foeniculum Present Native Rare
Blue-eyed Mary Collinsia parviflora Present Native Uncommon
Butter-and-eggs Linaria vulgaris Present Non-native Uncommon
beardtongue Penstemon Present - - - -
broadbeard beardtongue, broad-beard beardtongue, narrowleaf penstemon Penstemon angustifolius Present Native Unknown
broadbeard beardtongue, broad-beard beardtongue Penstemon angustifolius var. angustifolius Present Native Uncommon
blackseed plantain Plantago rugelii Not In Park Unknown - -
blue water speedwell, water speedwell Veronica anagallis-aquatica Present Non-native Rare
bigbract verbena, bracted vervain, carpet vervain, prostrate verbena, prostrate vervain Verbena bracteata Present Native Uncommon
Blue Vervain Verbena hastata Present Native Uncommon
Blue Ridge carrion-flower Smilax lasioneura Present Native Rare
blue flax, Lewis' blue flax, Lewis' flax, prairie flax Linum lewisii Present Native Unknown
Balsam Poplar Populus balsamifera Not In Park Unknown - -
black willow Salix nigra Not In Park Unknown - -
Basket Maker's Willow Salix petiolaris Unconfirmed Native - -
broadleaf enchanter's nightshade Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis Present Native Unknown
blackjack pine, bull pine, ponderosa pine, rock pine, western yellow pine Pinus ponderosa Present Native Abundant
Back's sedge, rocky mountain sedge Carex backii Present Native Unknown
Bebb sedge, Bebb's sedge Carex bebbii Present Native - -
brevior sedge, fescue sedge, shortbeak sedge Carex brevior Present Native Unknown
Baltic rush Juncus balticus Probably Present Native - -
big bluestem Andropogon gerardii Present Native Common
blue grama Bouteloua gracilis Present Native Abundant
Bromegrass Bromus tectorum Present Non-native Uncommon
burgrass, field sandbur, innocent-weed, longspine sandbur, mat sandbur, sandbur Cenchrus longispinus Not In Park Unknown - -
Barnyard Grass Echinochloa crus-galli Not In Park Unknown - -
bearded wheatgrass, bearded wild rye Elymus caninus Present Native Uncommon
bottlebrush squirreltail, squirreltail, western bottle-brush grass Elymus elymoides Present Native - -
bottlebrush squirreltail, squirreltail Elymus elymoides ssp. elymoides Unconfirmed Native - -
Bearded Wheatgrass Elymus trachycaulus Present Native - -
bearded wheatgrass, slender wheatgrass, slender wild rye Elymus trachycaulus ssp. subsecundus Present Native Uncommon
big bluegrass, Sandberg bluegrass, Sandberg's bluegrass Poa secunda Present Native Unknown
bluebunch wheatgrass, bluebunch-wheat grass Pseudoroegneria spicata ssp. spicata Present Native Unknown
broadleaf cattail Typha latifolia Unconfirmed Native - -
bur buttercup, curveseed butterwort, curve-seed-butterwort Ceratocephala testiculata Present Non-native Unknown
blister buttercup Ranunculus sceleratus Present Native Unknown
bigflower cinquefoil Potentilla fissa Present Native Unknown
black chokecherry, choke cherry Prunus virginiana var. melanocarpa Present Native Common
Boulder Raspberry, delicious raspberry Rubus deliciosus Not In Park Unknown - -
bastard toadflax, common toadflax, pale bastard toadflax, pine bastard toadflax Comandra umbellata ssp. pallida Present Native Uncommon
boxelder Acer negundo Present Native Unknown
bush morningglory, bush morning-glory Ipomoea leptophylla Present Native Uncommon
black henbane, henbane Hyoscyamus niger Present Non-native Rare
Black Nightshade Solanum nigrum Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Buffalo Bur Solanum rostratum Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
common duckweed, least duckweed, lesser duckweed Lemna minor Present Native Rare
Cut-leaf water-parsnip Berula erecta Present Native Unknown
COW PARSNIP Heracleum sphondylium Present Native Unknown
Canadian blacksnakeroot Sanicula canadensis Unconfirmed Unknown - -
common starlily, star-lily Leucocrinum montanum Present Native Common
Common Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium angustifolium Not In Park Unknown - -
coralroot Corallorrhiza wisteriana Present Native Rare
common yarrow Achillea millefolium Present Unknown Unknown
Cuman ragweed, perennial ragweed, western ragweed Ambrosia psilostachya Present Native Uncommon
Common Burdock Arctium minus Present Non-native Uncommon
common sagewort, field sagewort, Pacific wormwood, wormwood sagewort Artemisia campestris Present Native Uncommon
cudweed sagewort, gray sagewort, Louisiana sagewort, Louisiana wormwood, mugwort wormwood, prairie sage, white sagebrush Artemisia ludoviciana Present Native Unknown
cudweed sagewort, foothill sagewort, Louisiana sagewort, white sagebrush Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana Present Native Abundant
Canada Thistle Cirsium arvense Present Non-native Common
Canadian horseweed Conyza canadensis Present Native Unknown
cudweed, lowland cudweed, marsh everlasting, western marsh cudweed Gnaphalium palustre Present Native - -
curlycup gumweed, curlytop gumweed, gumweed, rosinweed, tarweed Grindelia squarrosa Present Native Common
Common Sunflower Helianthus annuus Present Native Uncommon
Canadian hawkweed, Kalm's hawkweed, narrowleaf hawkweed, narrow-leaf hawkweed, smooth hawkweed Hieracium umbellatum Present Native Unknown
Canada lettuce Lactuca canadensis Present Native Unknown
China lettuce, prickly lettuce, wild lettuce Lactuca serriola Present Non-native Uncommon
cutleaf coneflower Rudbeckia laciniata Probably Present Native - -
Canada Goldenrod Solidago canadensis Present Native Uncommon
common salsify, goat's beard, goatsbeard, meadow goat's-beard, salsifis majeur, salsify, western goat's beard, western salsify, wild oysterplant, yellow goat's beard, yellow salsify Tragopogon dubius Present Non-native Abundant
cut-leaf ironplant, lacy tansyaster, spiny goldenweed Xanthisma spinulosum Present Native Unknown
cocklebur Xanthium strumarium Probably Present Native - -
Creeping Bellfloweer Campanula rapunculoides Probably Present Non-native - -
corn gromwell Buglossoides arvensis Probably Present Native - -
calcareous catseye, calcareous cryptantha Cryptantha thyrsiflora Present Native Rare
Carolina draba, Carolina whitlowgrass, creeping draba Draba reptans Present Native Unknown
coast wallflower, sand dune wallflower, western wallflower Erysimum capitatum Present Native Common
Clasping pepperwort Lepidium perfoliatum Unconfirmed Non-native - -
Charlock Sinapis arvensis Unconfirmed Non-native - -
clammyweed, red-whisker clammyweed, sandyseed clammyweed, western clammyweed Polanisia dodecandra ssp. trachysperma Present Native Unknown
cholla, pricklypear Opuntia Present - - - -
creeping nailwort, low nailwort, nailwort, stemless nailwort Paronychia sessiliflora Present Native - -
common chickweed Stellaria media Present Non-native Unknown
Cowherb, Cow Cockle Vaccaria hispanica Unconfirmed Non-native - -
curltop ladysthumb, curlytop knotweed, curlytop smartweed, dock-leaf smartweed, nodding smartweed, pale smartweed Polygonum lapathifolium Present Non-native Unknown
Curly dock Rumex crispus Present Non-native Uncommon
common juniper, dwarf juniper Juniperus communis Present Native Uncommon
cock's-head, field milkvetch, purple milkvetch Astragalus agrestis Present Native Unknown
crazyweed, locoweed Oxytropis Present - - - -
crimson clover Trifolium incarnatum Not In Park Unknown - -
Common Milkweed Asclepias syriaca Unconfirmed Native - -
closed bottle gentian Gentiana andrewsii var. andrewsii Not In Park Unknown - -
Catnip Nepeta cataria Present Non-native Uncommon
common selfheal Prunella vulgaris Present Native Rare
Common Lilac Syringa vulgaris Present Non-native Rare
clustered broomrape, clustered broom-rape, purple broomrape, tufted broomrape Orobanche fasciculata Present Native Rare
clammy hedgehyssop, clammy hedge-hyssop, drug hedgehyssop, hedge hyssop, neglected hedgehyssop Gratiola neglecta Present Native Unknown
Common Plantain Plantago major Present Non-native Unknown
Common Mullein Verbascum thapsus Present Non-native Common
Canada St. Johnswort Hypericum canadense Present Native Unknown
Common St. Johnswort Hypericum perforatum Present Non-native Uncommon
coyote willow, desert willow, narrowleaf willow, sandbar willow Salix exigua Present Native Uncommon
CANADA VIOLET Viola canadensis var. rugulosa Present Native Uncommon
copper mallow, orange globemallow, red falsemallow, scarlet globemallow Sphaeralcea coccinea Present Native Common
common evening primrose Oenothera biennis Unconfirmed Native - -
Cut-leaved Evening Primrose Oenothera laciniata Present Native Unknown
creeping oxalis, creeping woodsorrel, 'ihi, yellow oxalis, yellow wood sorrel Oxalis corniculata Not In Park Unknown - -
common yellow oxalis Oxalis stricta Present Native Unknown
carex, sedge, sedge species, sedges Carex Present - - - -
clustered field sedge, slim sedge Carex praegracilis Unconfirmed Native - -
common fox sedge Carex vulpinoidea Present Native Unknown
Creeping Spike-rush Eleocharis palustris Present Native Uncommon
cloaked bulrush, pale bulrush Scirpus pallidus Present Native Unknown
Carolina foxtail Alopecurus carolinianus Unconfirmed Native - -
common sandbur Cenchrus spinifex Not In Park Unknown - -
Canada wildrye Elymus canadensis Present Native Uncommon
Canada bluegrass Poa compressa Present Non-native Uncommon
curvepod fumewort Corydalis curvisiliqua ssp. occidentalis Not In Park Unknown - -
corn poppy Papaver rhoeas Not In Park Unknown - -
cutleaf anemone Anemone patens var. multifida Present Native - -
Columbian virgin's-bower Clematis columbiana var. tenuiloba Not In Park Unknown - -
Carolina larkspur Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens Not In Park Unknown - -
common hackberry Celtis occidentalis Present Native Rare
Common Hop Humulus lupulus Present Native Rare
Common Buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica Present Non-native Uncommon
Cinquefoil Potentilla concinna Present Native Unknown
cinquefoil Potentilla pensylvanica Present Native Unknown
Chinese elm Ulmus pumila Present Non-native Uncommon
clove currant, golden currant Ribes aureum var. villosum Present Native Uncommon
Canadian gooseberry Ribes oxyacanthoides Present Native - -
Canadian gooseberry Ribes oxyacanthoides ssp. oxyacanthoides Present Native Unknown
Canadian gooseberry, inland gooseberry, redshoot gooseberries Ribes oxyacanthoides ssp. setosum Present Native Unknown
creeping jenny, European bindweed, field bindweed, perennial morningglory, smallflowered morningglory Convolvulus arvensis Present Non-native Uncommon
CHINESE MATRIMONYVINE Lycium barbarum Present Non-native Rare
clammy ground-cherry Physalis heterophylla Not In Park Unknown - -
cutleaf nightshade, cut-leaf nightshade Solanum triflorum Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Douglas' waterhemlock, water hemlock, western water hemlock Cicuta douglasii Present Native Uncommon
Drummond wild onion Allium drummondii Not In Park Unknown - -
Dwarf thistle Cirsium drummondii Present Native Rare
dogbane dyssodia, dogweed, fetid dogweed, fetid marigold, fetid-marigold, prairie dogweed Dyssodia papposa Present Native Common
dotted blazing star, dotted gayfeather Liatris punctata Present Native Common
dense blazing star Liatris spicata Not In Park Unknown - -
Desert ragwort Senecio eremophilus var. eremophilus Present Native Unknown
deertongue, thick-sepal catseye, thicksepal cryptantha Cryptantha crassisepala Not In Park Unknown - -
desert stickseed, flat-spine sheepburr, flatspine stickseed, western stickseed Lappula occidentalis var. occidentalis Present Native Uncommon
desert alyssum, desert madwort Alyssum desertorum Present Non-native Unknown
Dame's Rocket Hesperis matronalis Present Non-native Uncommon
desert goosefoot Chenopodium pratericola Present Native Unknown
devil's-tongue Opuntia humifusa Unconfirmed Native - -
Deptford pink Dianthus armeria Present Non-native Rare
Drummond's campion, Drummond's catchfly, Drummond's cockle Silene drummondii Present Native Uncommon
Dooryard Knotweed Polygonum arenastrum Not In Park Unknown - -
Doorweed, Common Knotgrass Polygonum aviculare Present Non-native Unknown
Doorweed, Common Knotgrass Polygonum buxiforme Not In Park Unknown - -
DOUGLAS' KNOTWEED Polygonum douglasii Present Native - -
Dark-throat shooting-star Dodecatheon pulchellum Present Native Common
dwarf false indigo, dwarf indigo, dwarf indigobush Amorpha nana Unconfirmed Native - -
Drummond's milkvetch Astragalus drummondii Unconfirmed Native - -
deer ears, elkweed, green gentian, monument plant, monument-plant, showy frasera Frasera speciosa Probably Present Native - -
Drummond's false pennyroyal, Drummond's pennyroyal Hedeoma drummondii Present Native Unknown
downy paintedcup, Great Plains Indian paintbrush, Indian paintbrush Castilleja sessiliflora Present Native Uncommon
disc waterhyssop, disk waterhyssop, disk water-hyssop, wet waterhyssop Bacopa rotundifolia Present Native Unknown
Dalmation toadflax Linaria dalmatica Present Non-native Uncommon
Dakota vervain Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida Present Native Uncommon
deathcamas, grassy deathcamas Zigadenus venenosus var. gramineus Present Native Common
downy yellow violet Viola pubescens Present Native Unknown
Dwarf Grapefern Botrychium simplex Present Native Rare
Douglas sedge, Douglas' sedge Carex douglasii Present Native Unknown
Dudley rush, Dudley's rush Juncus dudleyi Present Native Unknown
desert saltgrass, inland saltgrass, marsh spikegrass, saltgrass, seashore saltgrass Distichlis spicata Not In Park Unknown - -
dense clubmoss, lesser spikemoss, small clubmoss Selaginella densa Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Engelmann's daisy Engelmannia peristenia Present Unknown Rare
European Stickseed Lappula squarrosa Unconfirmed Non-native - -
evening starflower, gumbo-lily, tenpetal blazingstar, tenpetal mentzelia, tenpetal stickleaf Mentzelia decapetala Not In Park Unknown - -
eastern redcedar Juniperus virginiana Not In Park Unknown - -
European red elder, red elderberry, scarlet elderberry Sambucus racemosa Unconfirmed Native - -
European cranberrybush Viburnum opulus Not In Park Unknown - -
eastern cottonwood, plains cottonwood Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera Probably Present Native - -
eastern woodland sedge Carex blanda Present Native Unknown
eight-flower six-weeks grass, pullout grass, sixweeks fescue, sixweeks grass Vulpia octoflora Present Native - -
eight-flower six-weeks grass, sixweeks fescue Vulpia octoflora var. octoflora Present Native Unknown
eastern pasqueflower Anemone patens Present Native Common
early woodbuttercup Ranunculus abortivus Present Native Unknown
eastern white water-crowfoot, longbeak buttercup, long-beak water-crowfoot Ranunculus longirostris Present Native Uncommon
early meadow-rue Thalictrum dioicum Not In Park Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
feathery false lily of the vally Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum Unconfirmed Native - -
Field Pussytoes Antennaria neglecta Present Native Common
false tarragon, green sagewort, silky wormwood, tarragon, wormwood Artemisia dracunculus Present Native Uncommon
fringed sagebrush, fringed sagewort, prairie sagewort Artemisia frigida Present Native Abundant
false boneset Brickellia eupatorioides Present Native - -
false boneset Brickellia eupatorioides var. corymbulosa Present Native Uncommon
false boneset Brickellia eupatorioides var. eupatorioides Present Native Uncommon
Flodman's thistle Cirsium flodmanii Present Native Common
fleabane, streamside fleabane Erigeron glabellus var. pubescens Present Native Unknown
flathead rabbit tobacco Evax prolifera Not In Park Unknown - -
fine-leaf woollywhite, manyhead hymenopappus Hymenopappus filifolius var. polycephalus Present Native Rare
field cottonrose Logfia arvensis Present Non-native - -
Fendler's ragwort Packera fendleri Not In Park Unknown - -
Field Sow Thistle Sonchus arvensis Present Non-native Rare
Fendler's cryptantha, sanddune catseye, sanddune cryptantha Cryptantha fendleri Present Native Unknown
fringed gromwell, fringed puccoon, narrowleaf gromwell, narrowleaf pucoon, narrowleaf stoneseed, trumpet stoneseed Lithospermum incisum Present Native Uncommon
Forget-me-not Myosotis arvensis Unconfirmed Native - -
false gromwell, smooth onosmodium, softhair marbleseed, soft-hair marbleseed Onosmodium molle Present Native Uncommon
False Flax Camelina microcarpa Present Non-native Unknown
flaxweed tansymustard, flixweed, flixweed tansymustard, herb sophia, herb-sophia, pinnate tansymustard, tansymustard Descurainia sophia Present Unknown - -
field pepperweed Lepidium campestre Not In Park Unknown - -
false London rocket, small tumbleweed mustard, tall hedgemustard, tallhedge mustard Sisymbrium loeselii Present Non-native Unknown
Field Pennycress Thlaspi arvense Present Non-native Common
foxtail cactus, pincushion cactus Escobaria Present - - - -
Field Chickweed Cerastium arvense Present Native Unknown
four o'clock, linearleaf four-o'clock, narrowleaf four o'clock, narrowleaf four-o'clock Mirabilis linearis Present Native Uncommon
fewflower buckwheat, few-flower wild buckwheat, manybranch eriogonum Eriogonum pauciflorum Present Native Uncommon
field horsetail Equisetum arvense Present Native Rare
Fringed Loosestrife Lysimachia ciliata Present Native Rare
flexile milkvetch, pliant milkvetch, pliant milk-vetch Astragalus flexuosus Present Native Unknown
field locoweed, northern yellow locoweed, white smallflower pointloco Oxytropis campestris Unconfirmed Native - -
fragrant bedstraw Galium triflorum Present Native Unknown
false pennyroyal, falsepennyroyal, rough false pennyroyal, rough falsepennyroyal, rough pennyroyal Hedeoma hispida Present Native Unknown
fuzzytongue penstemon Penstemon eriantherus Not In Park Unknown - -
fireweed Chamerion angustifolium Present Native Rare
field rush Juncus tenuis Present Native Unknown
Fly-away Grass Agrostis scabra Present Native Unknown
Fendler threeawn, Fendler's threeawn Aristida purpurea var. fendleriana Present Native Common
Fendler threeawn, Fendler's threeawn, red threeawn, red threeawn (Fendler) Aristida purpurea var. longiseta Present Native Common
field brome Bromus arvensis Not In Park Unknown - -
fewanther obscuregrass, Heller's rosette grass Dichanthelium oligosanthes Present Native Common
fall panicum, fall rosette grass Dichanthelium wilcoxianum Unconfirmed Native - -
false quackgrass Elymus X pseudorepens Unconfirmed Native - -
fowl mannagrass Glyceria striata Present Native Unknown
false buffalo grass, false buffalograss Monroa squarrosa Unconfirmed Native - -
forest muhly, woodland muhly Muhlenbergia sylvatica Not In Park Unknown - -
Fowl Bluegrass Poa palustris Present Native Unknown
false melic, false melic grass Schizachne purpurascens Unconfirmed Native - -
Fresh-water Cord Grass Spartina pectinata Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
grassy deathcamas Toxicoscordion venenosum var. gramineum Present Native - -
Grass-leaved Arrowhead Sagittaria graminea Not In Park Unknown - -
Geyer onion, Geyer's onion Allium geyeri Unconfirmed Native - -
GREEN BOG-ORCHID Platanthera hyperborea var. hyperborea Probably Present Native - -
Great Ragweed Ambrosia trifida Present Native Unknown
gray thistle, wavyleaf thistle, wavy-leaf thistle Cirsium undulatum Present Native Common
Great blanket-flower Gaillardia aristata Present Native Rare
giant sunflower Helianthus giganteus Not In Park Unknown - -
green Mexican-hat, green prairie coneflower, shortray prairie coneflower, shortray prairieconeflower Ratibida tagetes Present Native Uncommon
goldenrod Solidago - - - - - -
giant goldenrod Solidago gigantea Present Native Uncommon
Gray Goldenrod Solidago nemoralis Present Native Unknown
goat's beard Tragopogon pratensis Not In Park Unknown - -
golden crownbeard Verbesina encelioides ssp. encelioides Unconfirmed Native - -
great blue lobelia Lobelia siphilitica Not In Park Unknown - -
Garden Forget-me-not Myosotis sylvatica Not In Park Unknown - -
Gold-of-Pleasure Camelina sativa Not In Park Unknown - -
green tansymustard, pinnate tansy mustard, pinnate tansymustard, tansymustard, western tansymustard Descurainia pinnata Present Native - -
Golden draba Draba aurea Present Unknown - -
Great Plains bladderpod Lesquerella arenosa Unconfirmed Native - -
Green Amaranth, Pigweed Amaranthus retroflexus Present Native Unknown
green pitaya, nylon hedgehog cactus Echinocereus viridiflorus Present Native Abundant
grassland pricklypear, plains twistspine pricklypear, twistspine pricklypear Opuntia macrorhiza Present Native - -
giant bird's nest, giant pinedrops, woodland pinedrops Pterospora andromedea Present Native Rare
Greenish-flowered Pyrola Pyrola chlorantha Present Native Rare
GROUSE WHORTLEBERRY Vaccinium scoparium Not In Park Unknown - -
ground-plum, groundplum milkvetch Astragalus crassicarpus Present Native Uncommon
golden dalea, golden prairie clover, golden prairieclover, golden prairie-clover, silktop dalea Dalea aurea Present Native Uncommon
goldenpea, prairie thermopsis Thermopsis rhombifolia Present Native Rare
green antelopehorn milkweed, green comet milkweed, green milkweed Asclepias viridiflora Present Native Uncommon
green ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica Present Native Uncommon
golden-tongue owl-clover, yellow owlclover, yellow owl's-clover Orthocarpus luteus Present Native Uncommon
Gunnison's mariposa Calochortus gunnisonii Present Native Uncommon
golden willow, white willow Salix alba Present Non-native Rare
Great Plains flatsedge Cyperus lupulinus ssp. lupulinus Not In Park Unknown - -
green bulrush Scirpus atrovirens Not In Park Unknown - -
Great Basin wildrye Leymus cinereus Unconfirmed Native - -
green muhly, marsh muhly Muhlenbergia racemosa Present Native Uncommon
green needlegrass Nassella viridula Present Native Abundant
golden corydalis, scrambled eggs Corydalis aurea Present Native Rare
gland cinquefoil, sticky cinquefoil Potentilla glandulosa Unconfirmed Native - -
graceful cinquefoil, northwest cinquefoil, slender cinquefoil Potentilla gracilis Not In Park Unknown - -
Great Lakes sand cherry, western sandcherry Prunus pumila var. besseyi Present Native Uncommon
Gooseberry Ribes hirtellum Present Native - -
gooseberry Ribes missouriense Not In Park Unknown - -
Garden Currant Ribes rubrum Not In Park Unknown - -
ground-cherry nightshade, hairy nightshade, hoe nightshade Solanum physalifolium Not In Park Unknown - -
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Holboell's rockcress Boechera pinetorum Present Native Unknown
heartleaf alexanders, heart-leaf alexanders, meadow zizia, meadowparsnip Zizia aptera Unconfirmed Native - -
Hooded Ladies' Tresses Spiranthes romanzoffiana Present Native Rare
hardheads, Russian knapweed, Turestan thistle Acroptilon repens Not In Park Unknown - -
Hoary dusty-maiden Chaenactis douglasii Not In Park Unknown - -
hoary fleabane Erigeron canus Present Native Unknown
hairy false goldaster, hairy false goldenaster, hairy goldaster, hairy goldenaster Heterotheca villosa Present Native Unknown
Hooker's Townsend-daisy Townsendia hookeri Present Native Rare
Harebell Campanula rotundifolia Present Native Common
hound's-tongue Cynoglossum officinale Present Non-native Common
Hairy Rock Cress Arabis hirsuta Present Native Unknown
HOLBOELL ROCKCRESS Arabis holboellii var. retrofracta Unconfirmed Native - -
Holboell's rockcress Boechera holboellii Present Native Unknown
Hooker's sandwort Arenaria hookeri Present Native Uncommon
heart's-delight, prairie snowball, snowball sand verbena, sweet sand verbena Abronia fragrans Not In Park Unknown - -
hairy four o'clock, hairy four-o'clock Mirabilis hirsuta Present Native Unknown
heart-leaf four-o'clock Mirabilis nyctaginea Present Native Uncommon
horsetail, scouring horsetail, scouringrush, scouringrush horsetail, tall scouring-rush, western scouringrush Equisetum hyemale Present Native Unknown
horsetail, smooth horsetail, smooth scouringrush, smooth scouring-rush Equisetum laevigatum Present Native Uncommon
Hood's phlox, spiny phlox Phlox hoodii Present Native Common
hophornbeam Ostrya virginiana Unconfirmed Native - -
horehound, white horehound Marrubium vulgare Present Non-native Common
Hare Figwort Scrophularia lanceolata Present Native Unknown
hoary verbena, hoary vervain, tall vervain, woolly verbena Verbena stricta Present Native Common
horned spurge Euphorbia brachycera Present Native Uncommon
hoary frostweed Helianthemum bicknellii Present Native Unknown
hollyhock Alcea rosea Present Non-native Rare
halfshrub calylophus, halfshrub sundrop, serrateleaf eveningprimrose, yellow sundrops Calylophus serrulatus Present Native Uncommon
halfshrub sundrop, whitest evening primrose, whitest eveningprimrose, whitest evening-primrose, white-stem evening-primrose Oenothera albicaulis Present Native Unknown
Hairy-throat evening-primrose Oenothera coronopifolia Present Native Unknown
hairy evening primrose, hairy eveningprimrose, hairy evening-primrose Oenothera villosa Present Native Unknown
Hood's sedge Carex hoodii Present Native Unknown
hairy grama Bouteloua hirsuta Present Native Uncommon
hard fescue Festuca trachyphylla Not In Park Unknown - -
heartleaf buttercup, heart-leaf buttercup Ranunculus cardiophyllus Not In Park Unknown - -
Hawthorn Crataegus chrysocarpa Present Native Uncommon
Hawthorn Crataegus succulenta Not In Park Unknown - -
horse cinquefoil, woolly cinquefoil Potentilla hippiana Present Native Unknown
hairy pepperwort, hairy waterclover, water clover Marsilea vestita Present Native Unknown
hedge false bindweed Calystegia sepium Present Native Unknown
hairy evolvulus Evolvulus nuttallianus Present Native Rare
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Indianhemp Apocynum cannabinum Present Native Unknown
inland rush Juncus interior Present Native Unknown
Indian ricegrass Achnatherum hymenoides Present Native Uncommon
inland bluegrass Poa nemoralis ssp. interior Present Native Unknown
Indiangrass, yellow indian-grass Sorghastrum nutans Present Native Uncommon
intermediate wheatgrass Thinopyrum intermedium Probably Present Non-native - -
Ill-scented Sumac, skunkbush Rhus trilobata Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Jerusalem Artichoke Helianthus tuberosus Not In Park Unknown - -
James' clammyweed Polanisia jamesii Not In Park Unknown - -
Japanese brome Bromus japonicus Present Non-native - -
junegrass, prairie Junegrass Koeleria macrantha Present Native Common
juneberry, Pacific serviceberry, Saskatoon serviceberry, western serviceberry, western shadbush Amelanchier alnifolia Present Native Uncommon
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
Kentucky bluegrass Poa pratensis Present Non-native Abundant
 Name(s)  Scientific Name  Occurrence  Nativeness  Abundance
leafy musineon, leafy wild parsley, leafy wildparsley, wildparsley Musineon divaricatum Not In Park Unknown - -
longstyle sweetroot Osmorhiza longistylis Present Native Unknown
Lemmon's spring-parsley Pseudocymopterus montanus Unconfirmed Native - -
low everlasting, low pussytoes Antennaria dimorpha Unconfirmed Native - -
littleleaf pussytoes, Rocky Mountain pussytoes, small leaf everlasting, smallleaf pussytoes Antennaria microphylla Present Native Unknown
little-leaf pussytoes, Rocky Mountain pussytoes, small leaf pussytoes, smalleaf pussytoes, small-leaf pussytoes Antennaria parvifolia Present Native Unknown
Longleaf daisy Erigeron lonchophyllus Not In Park Unknown - -
low daisy, low fleabane, shaggy fleabane Erigeron pumilus Present Native - -
Lamb-tongue ragwort Senecio integerrimus var. exaltatus Unconfirmed Native - -
Lindley's aster Symphyotrichum ciliolatum Unconfirmed Native - -
largeflower Townsend daisy Townsendia grandiflora Unconfirmed Native - -
little catseye, little cryptantha, small cryptantha Cryptantha minima Present Native Rare
lanceleaf bluebells, prairie bluebells Mertensia lanceolata Present Native Uncommon
largeseed forget-me-not, southern forget-me-not Myosotis macrosperma Not In Park Unknown - -
Lamb's Quarters, Pigweed Chenopodium album Present Unknown - -
Long-leaved Stitchwort Stellaria longifolia Present Native Unknown
longstalk starwort, long-stalk starwort Stellaria longipes Not In Park Unknown - -
lady's-thumb Polygonum persicaria Present Non-native Unknown
limber honeysuckle Lonicera dioica Not In Park Unknown - -
leadplant, leadplant amorpha Amorpha canescens Present Native Common
locoweed, milkvetch Astragalus Present - - - -
Laxmann's milkvetch Astragalus laxmannii Present Native Unknown
lotus milkvetch, lotus milk-vetch, low milkvetch, milkvetch Astragalus lotiflorus Present Native Unknown
Lambert's crazyweed, Lambert's locoweed, purple loco, purple locoweed, stemless loco, white woollyloco, whitepoint locoweed Oxytropis lambertii Present Native Uncommon
locoweed, silky crazyweed, silvery oxytrope, white crazyweed, white locoweed, white pointloco Oxytropis sericea Present Native Uncommon
largebract Indian breadroot, tallbread scurfpea Pediomelum cuspidatum Present Native Unknown
low milkweed, plains milkweed Asclepias pumila Present Native Common
lanceleaf sage Salvia reflexa Present Native Rare
Louisiana broomrape, Louisiana broom-rape Orobanche ludoviciana Probably Present Native - -
lilac penstemon, slender beardtongue, slender penstemon Penstemon gracilis Present Native Uncommon
large beardtongue, largeflowered penstemon Penstemon grandiflorus Present Native Uncommon
largebracted plantain Plantago aristata Probably Present Native - -
leafy spurge, spurge, wolf's milk, wolf's-milk Euphorbia esula Present Non-native Rare
Lewis' flax, prairie flax Linum lewisii var. lewisii Present Unknown Uncommon
lanceleaf cottonwood Populus X acuminata Probably Present Native - -
Long-beaked Willow Salix bebbiana Present Native Uncommon
long-beak sedge, Sprengel sedge, Sprengel's sedge Carex sprengelii Present Native Uncommon
longspike threeawn Aristida longispica Not In Park Unknown - -
Little BARLEY Hordeum pusillum Present Native Unknown
little-seed mountain-rice grass, littleseed ricegrass, Piptatherum micranthum Piptatherum micranthum Present Native Common
little bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium Present Native Abundant
LOW LARKSPUR Delphinium bicolor Present Native Uncommon
low juneberry Amelanchier humilis Probably Present Native - -
Lance-leaf stonecrop Sedum lanceolatum Present Native Rare
Long-leaf ground-cherry Physalis longifolia Present Native Uncommon
lanceleaf groundcherry, Virginia ground cherry, Virginia groundcherry, Virginia ground-cherry Physalis virginiana Present Native Uncommon